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NQ 5 (29J

2007


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" " 39269 ,
" " 60252)

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0.8.,

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37

.... .. . . . .. ....... . . ... ... . . .. . . .. .. .

(495) 269-52-98, 269-66-00,


268-40-77.
: {495) 269-48-97.
E-mail : realiz @mashin .ru,
utp @mashin.ru

..

n ,

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41

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


N 77-17733 09.03.04 .

..

. 35

. . . 26

85159,

.:

18

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nn ,

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2005


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2007

. . . . . . 54

NQ 5 (29)

2007
Since 2005, January
Editor-in-Chief
Dr of Phys. Math. Sci .,
The honoured worker
of science of the RF
V.N. NEVOLIN
Chair of Editorial Council
Dr of Eng . Sci ., The honoured
worker of science and
technics of the RF
V.F. BEZYAZYCHNYI
Editorial Assistants:
I.N. ZHESTKOVA
Dr of Phys. Math. Sci.
V.Yu. FOMINSKY
Chairman Assistants:
Dr of Eng. Sci .
V.Yu. BLUMENSTEI N
Dr of Eng. Sci.
A.V. KIRICHEK
Dr of Eng. Sci.
O.V. CHUDINA
Editorial council:
Yu.P. ANKUDIMOV
.. BABICHEV
V.P. BALKOV
S.N. GRIGORIEV
V.Yu. ZAMYAI N
V.A. ZEMSKOV
S.A. KLIMENKO
V.A. LEBEDEV
V.V. LYUBIMOV
F.l. PANTELEENKO
Yu .V. PANFILOV
. . RAHIMYANOV
. . SAUSHKIN
V.P. SMOLENTSEV
. . SMYSLOV
V.A. SHULOV
M.L. KHEIFETS
Edition:
N.A. FETISOVA
I.V. SINTSOVA
T.V. PARAYSKAYA
Journal is spreaded on subscription,
which can issued in any post office
(index on th e catalogues: "Rospechat"
85159, "Pressa Rossii" 39269,
"Pochta Rossii" 60252) or in puishing
office.
Ph. : (495) 269-52-98, 269-66-00 ,
268-40-77.
Fax: (495) 269-48-97
E-mail: realiz@ mashin .ru,
utp@mashin.ru

-----

Journal is regislered RF Ministry


Tele- and BroadcastiA g of Mass
Communications Media. The certificate
of registration N 77-17733,
March 9, 2004

CONTENTS
MECHANICAL STRENGTHENING PROCESSING
irichek A.V., Soloviev D.L. Suface strain strengthening of holes details
of the machines means of statics-impulsed processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

THERAL

PROCESSING

Petuhov V.A. The combined thermal processing of trevellers of spinning


and torsion machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

CHEMICAL, CHEMICO- THERAL AND ELECTROCHEMICAL PROCESSING


Brover G.l., Katsnelson .. lncrease of properties of chemical coatings
on steels laser processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Martirosyan M.V. The peculiarites of the formation of phase layers
on the lead based anode in sulphuric acid solution . . . . . . . . .

15

METHODS OF DEPOSITION OF FUNCTIONAL COATINGS


Veselovski .. , Zavalischin A.N. Research of microhardness of the
aluminium-vanadium-treated layers on grey cast iron , received
thermal-diffusion strengthening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Gadalov V.N. , Shkodkin V.l. , Romanenko D.N., Statinov V.V. ,
Boldyrev Y.V. Using thin-film coatings for increasing staility
of the cutting tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

PROCESSING

COMBINED METHODS

Kudryakov O.V., Pogorelova I.G. lnfluence of the comined heat


treatment on special service properties of pipe steel . . . . . . .

. . . 26

Adamenko N.A., Sedov E.V., Fetisov A.V. Reception of coatings


on the basis of superhigh-molecular polyethylene with use of explosive
processing .... ... .... .. . . . ....... . . .... .... ..... . . ..... 31
QUALIY

CONTROL OF STRENGTHENING PROCESSING

Sayfullin R.N. lnfluence of non-metal inclusions on the strength


of powder coat adhesion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 35

Tabakov V.P. , Smirnov M.Yu. , Tsirkin A.V., Chihranov A.V. Form


resistance estimation of the cutting wedge of the tool with wearproof
coatings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

37

Matlahov V.P. Maintenance of wear resistance of the cylindrical sufaces


of friction strengthening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

41

INFORATION. PRODUCION

EXPERIENCE

Mordovin V.P. , Kalmakova A.V. , Uzintsev .. Production, structure and


sorption properties hydrogen accumulated materials with rare-earth metals . .

47

Melnikov P.S. Cleaning of details suface from electrolyte at galvanic


manufacture . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Journal is included in the List of the Highest Attesiation Committee of Russian Federation (VAK RF)
for publication of basic results of doctoral theses

" Mashinostroenie Puishers", " Strengthening Technologies and Coatings" , 2007

~[;~J~'-'-'~
@[3)])~11~

621.9
.. , . . ( )

-
.

100 AtAt - () .
. J1,
.

Schemes of deforatio hardeig of iternal cy lidrica l s rfa ces i diameter less than 100 static- ip/se
processing (S IP) are desaibed. !t is offered to s shock impu/ses as pullig 01 pushingforce. Techo /ogica / oppo1ttmities are
p1eseted, the estimatio of p1odctivity d powa cosuption S / is /ead.

3r ,

()

2 .. .4

2 ... 500

>5

( , , ).

( ) ,

[1-3] .


(- ),

(- ) .

(> 100 ) ,

. ,

(< 100

100 .. . 150 ,

- ,

- , , ,
.

. ,

3r (r

) ,

0,25

, ,
.

LOO

- .

, ,

0,5

t .

2007. N!! 5

,
,

2... 3 .

[3]

,
,

4
5

16

1 _ _L Ftf::l:::-

.
-

f-C-._

6)

.
,

1.

:
- n ; - n ; - ;!
; - n

[4] .

J-r

6 ... 1
150 ... 200 % [5, 6] .

7.

6-

5 ,

100

3.

50 ... 100 -
(. 1, ).

2.

4,

6.

5,

5.

50 .. . 100

i-{

(.

1,

).

3 .

4-

(- ).

13 -

[3] .

1,

2007. N2 5

3,

4.

, ,

, ,

, ,


,
.

3 ... 5

. ,

7.

[J]

4,6

j ,

, .

) (

7.

) , ,

, ,

285 ... 340

[4] .

8 ... 22

[7, 8].

34 ,5 ...69 ,5

12 ... 29 ,5

Ra = 5 .. . 6,5

13 ... 33 .
0,3 ... 1,7 ,
= 160 , /= 18 ,
= 40 .

= 0,065 ...0,5

Ra =

,
,

. ., . .

.: ,

50

18

1.

45

450

( ) ;

);

160

LJe

) ;

40

2.

1976. 9 1 .

..

: . .: ,

3.

1998. 414

.. , .. , .. .

.: ,

4.

1985. 357

. . , . .

//
. 2005. N2 4. . 6- 10.

5.

..

: . .:

6.

1987 . 328

.., . ., . .

- n

) . .: ,

7.

2004. 288

.. , . . ,

.. , .. // . .
. . 2004. N2 3. . 16- 17.

8.

.., .. n

// : .

. . .-. . : -

"",

2005 .

2007. N2 5

105- 110.

.. ()

.
. .

technologica/ process of cboiz.atio with traiig very fie details of sp iig achies is
The icmstrctre of tool rs steel i iitial coditio d after th eral processig is reslted.
odes of processig 1 give.

Th e

i d

coside1ed.
Rogh

(.

1)

[ 1].

240

) ,

11031 -76)

( .

2)

, . .

-.

;

,

.
,
(

1000

). ,

, - , -
.

8 )

) .

-
.

1.

1 -

2 -

5-

;
;
;

6-

7-

Dl

8 - ; 9-
10 - ; 11-
12 -

13-

4 -

3-

2.

() ()

2007. N!! 5

(30 ... 35

/) ;

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.

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,

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,
.

( . .

2, )
3608-78)

3. ( xSOO) 8:

; -

-.

( ,

. .) .

- , , , ,

. ) .

40 45 1050-88; 4013
5632- 72; 15 801-78;
9849-86. 61 .. .66 HRC-
40, 45 15 ; 54,2... 58 HRC -
40Xl3. (
15)
.

5468-88
2283-79.

7, 8 ,

YIOA

1435-99.

(.

2007. N!! 5

3, ) 2-6
8233-56. -

( .

3,

) .

.
, . .

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, . . ,


.


, n

() ,
( , ..) ;

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n n
( , )

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4.

(xSOO) YSA

; - (

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, . . .
, ,
,

, n

(50 ... 58 HRC)

[2] .

(.

() ,

, n .

) ,


n -

4,

) ,

(.

2007. N!! 5

4,

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25 ... 60

) .

( , ).

\.

()

, .

, , ,

( .

2) ,

).

, ,

; .

. ,

2
15 .. .30 .
62 ... 75 HRN 30 ( . . 2).

) .

()

(.

3).

( ) .

(. .

4,

) .

294,2

(30

22975-78.

68 ... 75 HRN 30.

830 ... 850

800 ... 820

280 .. .350

62 .. .75

810 ... 820

790 ... 810

250 ...310

68 ... 75

YIOA

800 ... 810

770 ... 790

YlOA

220 ...250

68 .. .75

HRN 30

2007. N:! 5

1-5

%,

HRN30

7,1-80

1, 10

85-240

0,90

250- 2615

0,80
68 .. .75

12-280
18- 180

1,00

18-500
2

200-500
300-6000

0,70

62 ... 71

1,00

68 ...75

1800-2340
1; 2

25- 315
16- 140

160-200

1 .

0,70
( ) .

, (
).
,

850

()

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5, ); .
880 ( )
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5.

YSA (xSOO):

; -

1)

( )
;

2)

1. ~:

.:

.. . .: ,

2.

IV-13:

1997. 608

1 . .

..

(, ..).

10

40 .

11

2005. NQ 10.

2007. N!! 5

36-39.

621.785:669.14.018.29
.. , .. , ..
( , --)



. ,

.

. , ,
, .
Reslts

of researches of strctra l effects d the basic properties of cheica/ coatigs after /aser processig are
ft is esta/ished, that the laser irradiatio of cheica/ coatigs ti odes reslts to icrease of their qality
d the basic properties. Additional opportnities for the frther icrease of operatioa/ characteristics of sperficia/layers
ofsteels are given with laser processig of the id coatigs cota iig powders of refractory carbldes, itrides, oxide of
alloyig /ts .

give.

_____________ - -

....__

--

[ 1].

.

,
.

300 .. .400

,
n ,

.
n
,

Ni-P.

65 , 18 , I2M

1 .

.
,

, .



,
.

"-16"

q = 80 ... 200 / 2

Neophot-21,

-3

0,49

-0 , 5.

Fe - .

2007.

N<~

11

-200.
-5.


, ,

, , ,

> 30

10 ... 30

. ,

> 100

/ 2

.

.

< 100

j 2

1.

(xSOO)

12

() ()

, q

> 100

/ 2

Ni--


. ,
r

-
.

. ,

(.

1,

8.. .9

4 .. .6

).

10 .. .30

300

t = 100 ...400

(q = 90 / 2 ) ,

(.

1,

) .

. ,

. ,

. ,

, -

12

2007. N!! 5

1, '

220
0..

;z

60

28, 65

55

50

3.

Pl8

(),

Ni--

1-

28 -

400

(2)

(3):

Ni

Ni 3 P

)
.

2.

Ni-

()

28
NixPy (Ni 7P3 , Ni 5 P4 , Ni 2P

28.

.) .

Ni . - (~

(.

2,

),

Fe-Ni;

, ,

20 ...30

- Ni--

( )

Ni. - (.

2,

[2] .

Ni-P

,
.

3,

(.

1). q

> 60 /

= 400

(. .

3,

2).

(.

8, 18

4).

q = 30 .. .40 j 2 ,
Xl2M- q = 50 ...60 / 2 , n -

2007. N! 5

13

10 fi..

10

1\
r-....."'
r'-j

4
80 q, / 2

40

''

"

rr """' "'
)

[3].

,

.

'

Al 20 3

'

WC

80 q, / 2

10

, ,

'i'J

40

i-"'--0

v2

'

t/

l\

(1)

80 q, /

40

Ni--

f' '2 '

4.

1.

(2):

8 ; -

12 ; - 18

, ,

10 ... 60 %

t = 400

('r = 1 )

(q =

20 ... 30 / 2 ) .

2.

3.

Ni3P, Ni 5P 4

1,5
2,8

Ni-Fe,

4.

1,5 .. .4,0

..). ,

(Ni 3P, Ni 5P 4

WC, TiC, a-BN)

..) .

MoS 2

1.

..

. . :

Ni-P

.
,

197 5. 311

.., .., ..

3.

AJ- 4 % Cu //
1984. . 58. . 3. . 532- 536.

.., .., ..

// .

, -

1988. N!! 1.

14

2.

120-125.

2007. N!! 5

541.135.52
.. (
, )


-

. ,

'

The foratio of phase /ayers the /ead based d with varios prity drig po/arizatio i
has investigated. lt is show that the phase /ayers with di.fferet characterics has forated
depedig po/arizatio potetia/ d dratio of e/ectrolysis.

soltio

s/fric

the

acid

(99,47 % ).

. ,

(97 ... 99 %),

R (

- .

R .

, (, = l/(2c.fC5 ) , / -

Cs -

[1]); R" Xs -

Rs (

, )

( , ) .

( , )

4,0 ...4 ,5,

(125

H 2 S04 )

-121.

60

-0,355

2 +

(99,992 %) ,

+2 ,2

-Zn-u-F-g -u-,

(99,99 % ),

HS04 [2])

( ).

1/4

20

2007. N!! 5

15

20 -

0,2

0,1
0,4

15

10

20

48

't,

0,2 .
or-~--_L

____

_ L_ _ _ _~----~----~-------+

0,5

1,5

1,0

2,0

1.
, %:
1 - 99,992; 2 - 99,99; 3 - 99 ,47

2.

(99,992 %)

( =

i-

, .

i-

10

i-

1,

1,

1,697

48

(.

2).

, , ,

[3].

PbS0 4 ,

. ,

(.

3,

).

, ,

, ,

(. .

1,697

i.

, .. .

),

48

(.

3,

). -

( ) .

, 0

cd),

5 , 0

20
10

1,5
50

25

20

, ,
(. .

1,

30

R ,0

25

50
)

R5 , 0

5 ,0

3).

15

1,0

1, 7 ,
PbS0 4 0 2 ,

cd).

0 2

1,72 ... 1,75

3. ,

- =

1,697

, =

1 ;

= 2,095

/, )

16

= 1

- =

1,697

, =

48

; - =

2007. N!! 5

, .

, .

(.

3, ) ,

..

, ,

(R =

I ,7

). ,

Rq,

.
.

,
, -

19

23

2007

1.
pa.

/ . .

1.

. : ,

1977. 588

Ere-

2. . . . : ,
1980. 368 .
3. Ruetschi . // J . Electrochem. Soc . 1973 . Yol. 120. No. 3.
. 331 - 336.

. (

EXCELL

VJ

: "
- ".

EXCELL

. . . , . - , - .-. .. .
-

Arcelor Research Industry Liege;

13 -

- :

( ,

(Free University of Brussels) ;

(CRC

(Cambridge University, University of Nottingham);

Chemical Research Center of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences) ;

(Johann Wolfgang Goethe University);

(Technion);
(Instituto de Ciencia de MateriaJes de Sevilla);

(Associazione Piccola lmpresa, SH SISTEMI s.r.l., Universita Politecnica delle Marche);

( ).
-
.

EXCELL

"

".

10"

17

.. (, ),

.. ( . .. )

20 .
()
.

Res/ts

of experiet / thera/ diffusio satratio of prod cts fro grey cast iro 20 /ii
with the prpose of creatio of coatig with high microhard ess are aa/ysed. The optimm strctre of
iitia/ i (charge) for achieveet of the set /evel of icrohardess is revealed at thefixed values of time d temperatres
of satratio .

d vdi

, , ,

[\].

[2].

, ,

: 50 , 3

50 , 75 (

27130-94)
50 %; 5
2 ,

; 2315

2138-91) ;

3773-72) ,

-0 , 25,1/12 , 5-1

().

(.

1).

18

2007. N!! 5

2.

5, 6, 7, 9, 10,

3.

.
.

1.

1-

n;

5-

2-

7-

4.

3-

4-

6-
8 -
; 9- ; 10- ; 11-
; 12- ; 13-
;

3,

Statistica.

20,

6,

20 (~

16

).

- 0 ... 16,2 %;

10 -

Statistica.

N -

()

50 , 3

23\5

NH4CI

64,8

9,3

18,5

7,4

47,2

9,4

37,7

6,0

18,7

6,5

68 ,3

6,5

36,7

10,1

44,9

9,0

10

30,7

13, 1

52,7

3,5

,%

0 =

- 18, 7 ... 64,8 %;


- 3,5 ... 8,3 %;

4),

( . .

18,5 ... 68,3 %.

930 ... 950

2.

[3]:

-1549,2131 + 7024,2874N -435,2841N,

.
r .

2007. N!! 5

19

)
.

3.

r ( 500)

, n

7 9,
7

(),

(),

5,

(),

(),

10

()

(. .

3, ), ,
9, n

n n ,

(. .

20

4, ),

(.

3,

),

n , -

20 -

2007. N!! 5

35
30
25

20
15

10
5

10

20

60

40

10

80 h,

20

60

40

30

35

25

30

20

25

15

20

10

15
L-----------------------~

10

80 h,

20

40

60

10

100 h,

80

10

20

40

60

100 h,

80

40
35
30
25

20
15

10
.

4.

ll

r h

10

20

40

60

80 h,

(),

(),

(),

(),

()

II

. ,

30,7 %

1. -

/ . . , . , . . ,

.. . : . ,

2.

1979.

183 .

.ll.

. : - ,

, .

1982. 172 .
3.

..

- .-.

.., ..,

roc.

. -,

2007. N!:? 5

.:

1996.

21

621.793.16
.. , .. , .. , .. ( ),
.. ( )


*

,
.
.

The properties of thi-fil coatigs sed for icreasig stabllity of the


characteristics of s coatig for cttig tool are give.

cttig

tool are

aalysed.

Relatively

coparative

, -
, -

HfN,

1 2 0 3 ,

TiN, TiC , Cr7 C 3 , NiC, Ti(C, N) , HfC ,


ZrC, TiB 2 , Si3 N 4 , WC .

, ,

[l-6] .

, ,

, ,

, .

, ,

[3].


,
(i,

TiN,
Ti(C, N) .) [6] .

TiC, TiN

1 2 0 3

, (

, ). -

5 ()

()

[2, 6] .

TiC\ 4

+ 4

TiC\ 4 +0,5N 2

=TiC+4HCl;

+2 2

=TiN+4HCl;

). (, )
,

.

952.2004.8,

1051.2004.8

4793.2006.8.

22

2007. N!! 5


( )

, - .

. ,

TiC,

- TiN,

(.

1 2).


,
.

TiC1 4

+21 3 +5 2 = 2

I2

TiN

+IOHCl.

1100 ... 1300


(,

).

TiC

1 2 0 3 ;

.

.

TiN ; TiC

TiN ; TiC; 1 2 0 3

( -

W3Co 3C) ,

.

(, , ,

.) i,

Ti(C, N) ( - )
TiN.
5... 6 ,
60 ... 90 %.

, (
),

Al 20 3

.
, ,

TiC

TiN

Ti(C, N)

1 2 0 3

5 -

2007. N!:1 5

23

) ,

TiC

1960-
n . n
n
, n n
n n , .

TiN

, .

TiC
3400 ). n

Ti(C, N) ,
TiN, n

- ,

( ).

TiC

Ti(C, N)
3300 .. .4000 HV, - 850 .
Ti(C, N)

( ) (

, ).

n ,

TiC,

"-3''

Ti(C, N)

-,

\8.
n n

TiC

[7].

, .

TiC

3... 8

[8].

[8] .

TiN -

Al 20 3

, n

TiN

. n

TiC n

TiN ,

n.

Al 20 3
Al 20 3

, ,

, ,

. -

TiN (2200 ... 2400 ) ;


, ,
n.

TiN

TiC

Al 20 3

TiN,

TiC.

- ( -

24

Al 20 3
TiC

2007. N! 5

/ 0 ,

/ 3,

20

20

10

10

"\

.......

./

1 2h ,

--2

(6)

......

5 h,

h /"

()

Al 20 3 ,

/3

.
,

u.

2 ... 3

Al 20 3

Al 20 3

- ,

- iN-.


. , 1 2 0 3

[9, 10],

.
,

298

1000

378

325

TiN

74

41 j TiC
(1 = 4, 19 ).
TiC (2900 HV
), TiN
Al20 3 2000 HV.
58

43

. ,

.


( )

3 ... 1

2 .. .4

() .

, ,

4 ...8

. ,

1. ..

: .

.: ,

1979. 48

2.
/

. . , .. , . . .
1990. 81 .

: ,

3.

/ . .. . : ,

1992. 192

.. . .:

4.

1995.

1. 824

.. ,

5.

7.

2000. Ng 1.

3-8.

.. , .., ..

2002. Ng 2. . 6-10.
8. .. ,

// .

9.
-

3 ... 12

.. , ..

12

//

: , 1996. 183 .
6. ..
-n // . .

2005. Ng

\..

27-30.

n .., ..
//

. .,

10.

1997.

7.

22-23.

., .

. , , .

CRC Press:
Raton- London- New-York- Washington, 1999. 594 .

2007. N2 5

25

rn:>illrnrm

rn

)Rt)]1r~ill

669 .1.017:621.78.977
.. ( ),
.. ( "'~ )



()

20.

, , ), (, ).
. ,

( )
.

The data of experietal researches heat treatet of oil-ad-gas steel pipes are reslted. The rs
ofheat treatet (fll- d der-hardeig, ora/izatio, teperig) , odes d ways of
heatig (atfrnace or idctio heatig) are ivestigated. Thefeatres of afored strctral pictre are revealed. ls show,
that hardeig fro itercritical teperatre iterval (i iti with other kids of heat treatet) allows to
achieve rearka/e vale of co/d resistig property of pipe steel d siltaeosly essetially to iaease aticorrosive
properties of steel.
coblatios ofvarios kids

H 2S-

0 2 -

""

<

30

0 114

:\ 0,23 % ; 0,58 % Mn; 0,23 % Si;


0,005 % ; 0,015 % S; 0,03 % Al; 0,05 % Cr; 0,07 % Ni;
0,16% .

[ 1].

, ,

26

[2, 3].

, m

2007. N!? 5

. Ji RI

( ) ,

(- 1 1 2 ) (

= 720

1 =

(%)

K1ssc
D).

. cr,h

96

NACE 02-84 (96)


CLR

CTR (%)

-6,

n (

KCV (/ 2 ) ,
) NACE
01-77 (96) ( K 1ssc ( 1 12 ) ,

, n ) n

).

Jeol () ,
Superprobe-733

Link.


IAS

KONTRON

().



- :

NACE

01-77 (90)

, 0 2

H 2S,

( 1

= 96

).


(, ,
) .

30

. n

1.

Cortest

NACE

1-77

(96)

6-7

2,0

3,0

4-7

0,5

4-5

0,5

+ n+

11-12

15

11-12

13

11

+ n+ + n

12

19

11

1,5

21

30

2007. N!! 5

27

. .

( ) 1 - 3

, n

N!! 3 N!! 6

1).

)
.

1.

( .

1).

- , ! ; - n + (

, o

NQ30),

! ; - n + (

Ng 7),

!; - n

+ + + n ( NQ 3), 4000

(. 2) .

11

19

21

30

HRC'

8,%

\jl,%

crfcrn

+20

- 40

-70

470

245

19,0

42 ,0

0,52

11 ,7

76

+ n+
+ +

539

365

32,5

66,0

0,68

23 ,7

23 ,3

25 , 1

75

560

397

29,7

75 ,8

0,7 1

26,6

24,7

25 , 1

79

+ +
+ + n

537

362

33, 1

72,8

0,67

18,4

18,8

22 ,7

75

538

371

29, 1

71 ,5

0,69

26,7

25 ,8

26 ,4

78

556

349

33,0

71,5

0,63

25,5

25 ,8

29, 1

81

489

310

28 ,9

65 ,5

0,63

12,4

9,0

8,4

78

28

r,

cr 6 ,
-

KCV-105, / 2 ,
n t,

r .

2007. N!! 5

(.

- ,

2) ,

N!! 21 . 1).
. 1 ,

-70

20.

()

.
(

N!! 3

N!! 19)

1).

10

1 .

(.

N!! 3,

. ,
,

02-84 (96)

()

3.

(96)

- ,

D)
NACE

1-77

NACE

5640-68.

cr 11"

720

, =

80 %,

, . ,

345

) ,

N!! 3, 8, 11 , 19, ,

. ,

, ,

, ,

, .

02-84 (96)

NACE

96

. ,

(.
.

1,

r/( 2 ), ,

CLR,
%

CTR,
%

0,481 .. .0,593

80

516,2

0,0

0,0

0,563 .. .0,671

0,427 ... 0,544

75

436,7

0,0

0,0

11

0,503 ... 0,504

0,407 ... 0,413

75

507,4

0,0

0,0

19

0,658 ... 0,667

1,01 ... 1,03

70

375,8

0,0

0,0

21

0,491 ... 0,504

1, 16 ... 1,25

60

295,6

1,2

6,5

30

0,471 ... 0,492

0,695 ... 0,854

60

316,4

6,8

14,5

0,472. ..0,528

).

H 2S

,
,

. , -,


, .

2007. N!! 5

29

N!! 30

20

(1 0-12

5639-82)

-n

" "

80 .. .1 00

, n

- 50

-70

. -,

"" ,

- .

( ),

I!Yf (

). - ,

( ). ,

( , ,
,

..) ""
. ,


""

[4, 5] ,

,
,
,

2... 3 .

H 2S,

. a,h

75%

n n

K1 ssc - 40 - 1 12
, n,


,
.

, " "

. 2112049 .
/ . . ,
. . , . . . 12.03 .98.

1.

, .

.
(

N!! 3)

( )

2.

.., .., ..

- //
- . 1990. N2 2. . 27- 33.

3. Astafjev V.I., Artamoshkin S.V., Tetjueva T.V. lnfluence of


Microstructure and Non-Metallic lnclusions on Sulphide Stress
Corrosion Cracking in Low-AIIoy Stee1s. E1sevier Pulishers,
Ltd . (Eng1and) , 1993.
4. . ., .., ..

//

. 1998. N2 2. . 14-22.
5. .., n .., ..

(
).

30

- //
. 1983. . 55 . n . 2. . 310-315.

2007. N!! 5

678 .743:539.2
.. , .. , .. ( )




! /6, 6.

The

r/

of creatig techology of fir sper high oleclar polyethylee srface si d of


its alloys /6 and 6 is solvig. The icrease of adhesive firness of the srface is d to the
layer d of polyeric powder earlier worked explosion d odificatio of the etal srface.

!ii 1 d
interediate

() -1

1 ,

. rn

- ()

01ympus

90

j .

-61.

[2, 3],

, ,

[1-3].

I 16,

() ,

() ,

, ,

, .

: -

, ,

; -,

rn

-,

[1, 3],

2007. N!! 5

31

80

20

40

80

60

't,
Q''

100

.-..-- 1 /

8~--~-,~~~~~----!3

70

60

50
40
30

1 2'i
1/)6/

20
10

1.

E;ir

2.

-10

16

(2),

60

100

80

120

1,

190

___.L_

190

__,__

210

230

__,

__.__

250 t,

r6
l

(3)

<

(1),

14-

170

40

L _ _ L _ _ _ _ j_

t-

l, 2

2-

3,

; -

t > 200

u
u,

, u

,
u

2... 6 .

(.

1) ,

14

,
,

,
.


u, -

.

,

16 6 (.

2)

t = 190 ... 200

+ 6 ( J)
= 8,8

190

32

u- (

),

. u


,
.. , .. u

-
.

(. .

2) ,

- '

90 ... 100

. ,


,
,

,
.

,
,

.
u

,
.

,

2007. N!! 5

10

15

20

'

r,

16

14
.

3.

+ +

1\

12

''

+ 6:
6 ;

l-

2-

+ 3%

) ;

3-

10

50

(.

= 190

0,5
90 .

3)

........

!~

.......

t =

~2

0,5

1,0

........

1"'---

r--.... .

1,5

2,0

4.

h,

(1)

h (2)


(.

4),

3 %

.

() .

[4]

.
.

3 %,

3%

20 %,

(,

16

+ )
.

'l ,

2,5 0,3
16 (. 4).

13 ,5

6,8

10,2

6,2

11 ,2

6,4

18,0

14,6

16,0

13,4

20,0

15,0

29,8

17,3

.
16
,

2007. N!! 5

33

5, )

(.

( .

5,

) -

1.

36-40.
2.

. . , . . ,

. . , . .

//

-4

.. , . . ,

.. .// .
.

41 - 48 .
3.

2001 . Ng 1.

1997. Ng 10.

5.

16 ()

+ % r

.. , . , . . , . .

// .

()

4.

2000 . Ng 8.

17- 19.

.., . ., ..

1999. Ng 4.

//

68-72 .

10

-10

640 ... 660

1,0

910 ... 930

0,5

630 ... 650

1,5

45

160

35

20

- 30

30

-30

( ,

180
900: ..920

0,5

620 ...640

1,5

880 ... 900

0,5

<:25

620 ... 640

1,5

25

630 ... 650

1,5

25

25

45

16

200

180

25

15

680 ... 700

-20

3,0

<:25

<:25

34

200

25

40

630 .. .650

2,0

2007. N!! 5

200

'~;~-

!JIB-;!K:iA.

HRRJ;m,:
)~,

,L

.. ( , )



,
,
. ,

, ,
.

!jl of -t! iclsios sed for iprovig weldig d techological characteristics the stregth of
powder coatig adhesio for restorig otworn hi ts d for obtaiigs coatig for differet prposes was
ivestigated. Rosi soltio appeared to correspod ost flly to the iti of properties essetial for the aterials
sed as iders for etal powders i the process of electro-cotact weldig.

, ,

()

, ,

. .

, ,

(.

1)

[1] ,


,
,

3.200.28,

).

1.

1-

2-

n n;

4-

3-

m .

2007. N!! 5

35

(.

2).

,
.

3.

()

():

1-

2-

3-

-1222 ;

) ,

) ,

(0 20

(.

3).

, ,

-1 ,

9,2 9,7

0,8

,
,

= 0,05.

1-4, 2-6,

3-4-5,

,
,

,
( -

( ,

), ,

[2].

,
,

N2
/

()

204,2

()

141,9

()

230,8

()

214,7

1.

.. -

()

237 ,5

3.200.28 ()

152,5

36

2.

2000. NQ 3.

//

11-13.

: . . : . r. - ,

2007. N!! 5

1985. 464 .

. . , .. , . . ,

.. ( )

r
~
*

655

TiN.

Processes of plastic deforatio of cttig wedge of the too/ fro td carblde 8 d HSS stee/ 655
with wearproof coatig iN are ivestigated. The ethod offor resista ce estiatio of cttig wedge of the tool is
developed.
()

(2)

111

2\jJ = 120.

8 655 .

()

20 ...900

8 ,

20 ... 600

655 .

=~=4

[1-3] .

(3)

r.d2 '

200 - ;
F- , 2 ;

, .

d" -

1.

( 1)
~>n

k-

, -

::--....
.........

cr-

, ;

!11

, ;

"" l/3 -



d~> , , _

-- - -

dt

k CJ

t,., 3 .

2006- 2008 .

"

--:-- [/-.....,
3

~ ..........

~ .......

/2

~~

-.....::: ~

-.........;

".

10

(2)

..... ~

(NQ 06-08-00400)

(1)

14

200

400

600

-.....::::::-- ::::::-:800

. 1.
MKS (1, 2) P6MSKS (J, 4)
:

1, 3 - t.,

15 ; 2, 4 - t.,

2007. N! 5

37

no

[4]

,
,

(4)

n-

[4]

1 dh
d! - ~ .JF dl '

d E n _ E nC

(5)

(11)

=3.

, ;
, -

,
,

(2) (10) n (9) (11)


Mathcad 7.0 Professional

h -

[4]

(.

1).

n,
,
n

.
-

En

(6)

= ln(-l . )
SI

\jl

d:
(7)

30. :

S=

t = 0,5 ;

, 15 / ,

- =

D- d

TiN

55

/ ,

= 180

/ ,

S = 0,3

/ ,

t = 0,75

( n ).

:

[4]
(8)

- =

-5, = 5,

r = 1,
= 45,

= ,

;
< 1

= 15,

<

= 45, < 1 = 45, = -5,


- = 1 , = 8, < =

=.

n
.

n 1 ,

[4]:

, , ,

=~[1+
"

1n

v-

3 -(l-2v)a

(9)

3
(4 + v) / E-(l-2v)(l+v)a; /

],

, ,

(5)

(4), (6)-(8)

= (- 1 , 265 10-5 2 + 3,777-10- 2 - 32,456)

k = - 8,472- - 1 5 5 + 3,881 10- 11 4 - 6, I2 1- 8 ' +


+4 , 337 10- 5 2 - 2 ,08910- 2 + 14,86
= exp(l ,88710- 8 3 + 2,08910-6 2 + 7 , 264 10- 3 - 15,044)

655

[4]

38

k = -4 , 349 10- 8 3 + 2 , 71710- 5 2 - 7 , 683 10- 3 +


+ 7,471

2007. N2 5

[5]

. .

[6]

ANSYS.

TiN.

, ,.

(.

2 3.

2-4

5).

( )

TiN

q"'

0,447

1,77

69

11 4

197

624

379

1908

559

655

0,430

1,62

98

171

394

556

398

2045

620

Pz,

qfi

an ,

: - ; 1 - ;

. ,

qn , ," qfi 1 - -


iN

Qn ,

Q3 ,

q"' /

q,, j 2

46,0

-8,25

73,0

- 117

845

410

655

13,8

-2,93

22,7

-41 ,6

408

212

Qn , Q3 qn, q3 -

( ) ;

Tn.cp

. -

200
250

)
.

2.

r () ()

2007. N!! 5

39

)
.

3.

crx () cry ()

)
.

4.

TiN

crx () cry ()

TiN

( ,

0 , 51 ) ,

8 655

~ ( .

TiN

5, 6).

n.

n ,

0,7 1, 1 t:)'= \,3% 0,9

t:=,%

0, 1

)
.

5. ()
TiN t. = 15

()

40

2007. N!! 5

0,4
,

..

1.

. : ,

6. r

1992. 240

.., ..

3.
.

. .:

1973. 302

.. ,

2.

()

/ : ,

()

144

TiN

1 - t 11 = 5

4.

2 - t., = 15

3-


).

.., ..

. .:

1998.

5.

1990. 224

..

. . : ,

6.

1981 . 279

..

. .: ,

1956. 367

539.375
.. ( ,
- )




, , - .

,
, .

wear process of cylidrical srfaces is offered i view of roghess,


properties of sperficia l /ayer. Accordig to kietic odel of wear
process paraeters of qality of the sperficia/layer, cotro/led with the he/p of varios techologica/ ethods are chosen,
possibllities of these ethods are cosidered.
The

d/

of cotact

iteractio d

siosity, acrodeviatios d physicoechanica/

2007. N!! 5

41

,
.

.. , . . , ..

. , .. ,

, . . , .. .

.. , . . , ..

, ,

, . . , .

. , ,

[1]

[2 , 8, 10-14] .

. ,

.. .

, (

) , (

) .

. ,

,
,

.

.


.

[2-4],

(7],

[5-7] ,
(8 , 9].

[2],

[3].


, .

.
,
,

[13]

,
,

,
,

.
,
,

[2].

,
,
,

- , ,
,

1)
,

, - ()
,
;

2)

[10].

.. , ,

25 ... 30 %,

3)

10 ... 15% [8].

4)

( ,

).

42

2007. N2 5

,

.

2-
,
,

1.

. ,

1, 2-

11 , -

;/ -

Yw-

, ,

1-

Smw, tmw -

Delphi 7.

,
.

Excel

- ,

.

,


2- ,

(.

[ 14]

1 2).
i-

x w

(2)

Pw = Sm,Jmw/200.

,
,

[13, 15].

!::::'

>(

"'
~

,
.

2.

,:

~
...

\~

..i::.'!

!::::'
>(

.i.:~

"'
~

l
1

1, 2- ; Pw, ~ - -

200

'

nlpSmwfmw

(1)

xw; h;w - i-ro


Wmax -

2007. N!! 5

43

[15 , 16].

L ,i


, .

L;,a

11L

( . .

1).

L,v

/"

"'
~

; .,

!:::1

(3)

(3) ,

(4)

Yynw = (1 - 'tl 2 )k

[ 14]

"""'

"'
~

3.

P;wj('r:Eriw ).

(5)

, . .

(6)

f -

.....

..i::.-

'-

""'\

!:::1

"':
i-

'

h;w > Xw + Yynw) ,

ij-

( .

3)

k -

(8)

Wmax]

(. .

1)

xw

I(K LN;c - N)/ N l :::; ,


N-

Yw,
Wmax/ 2;
(7)

(h ;w

L; = Lw; - !!L; L; = Lw; + !!L ;


!!L = Pw [2(h;,v - xw )/ Wmax] 11 2 .
ij-o

(7)

(9)

(8) ,

> Xw + YynJ

[ 14]

(1 )

.
0 ,

Smw, tmw,
P;w, Pw, h;w, Xw, Wmax, hw, Lw ,., Sm , tm, P;ry, " hij" "
Rmax, h,., S .
(1)-(7)

(1 1)

.
-

44

(..

m .

2007. N!! 5

h;w> Xw + w,

(7)),

xw

),
,

(8)

"

, ,

[Rmax/2; Rmax] ,

_ fqu
F -

(15)

[Q ] '

( 12)
/- ;
, ,

( 12).

[Q] - .

CF

(fqu)

[Q].

CF

qu -

> xr +

hijr

[15]

( 13)

k =

v;v (.

(14)),

1,-

1 - ;

3/( 2m)

- ,

k _
J,
- KJC'J

CF,

, ;

n- ,

(13):
,
14

(RaWzHmax) '
tm9/4Sm 3/4 3/ 2

(16)

(17)

[14]:

(RaWzHmax) 116
=
tm 3/ 2 Sm 1/ 2 k 2/ 3 ' '

(14)

Ra, Wz, Hmax, tm, Sm -

, ;

'

CF

~ .

. ,

) (

2007. N:1 5

45

n .

;
; ,

.

.

0,6 ... 1,2,


k = 1, 1... 1,3.
,

= 0,25 ... 0,6

k = 1,2... 1, 7.

= , 12 ...0,65 ,

1,4 ...3,5.

= 0,2... 0,675

2,5...5.
,

1.

.., . . .:

1979. 560 .
2. .. . .:
, 1968. 480 .
3. ..
. .: , 1970. 270 .
4. Greenwood J.A., Williamson J.B.P. Contact of nominaiJy
flat surfaces // Proc. Roy. Soc. Ser. . 1966. Yol. 295. No. 1442.
. 300.
5. Lincoln . Elastic deformation and the laws of friction //
Nature. 1953 . Yol. 172. . 169.
6. Ling F.F. On asperity distribution of metallic surfaces //
Appl. Phys. 1958. Yol . 29. No. 8. . 1168- 1174.
7. Hisacado . On the mechanism of contact between solid
surfaces (4th rep. // Bull. JSME. 1970. Vol . 13 . No. 55.
. 129-139.
8. .. .
. : , 1966. 195 .
9.
/ . . , . . , . .

. .: - ,

1 .

1963. 92

.., .., ..

! . . : ,

< =

1977. 526 .
11 .

0,2,

k = 3,

.., .. n

. .: ,

12.

13.

1981 . 244 .

.. . .:

1977. 221

..

. . :

14.

1987. 207

.. n

. .: ,

15.

2000. 320

.. n

n . .

16.

2003. Ng 4.

//

60-62.

.., ..

// n

n ,

: . . .

. / . .. . : ,

2006.

.., .., ..

46

m .

2007. N2 5

14-20.

.. , .. , ..

( )

,

, -

LaNi5.
. ,
Ar La Ni 5 100 % La Ni 5
. (- )
.

aspects of the etal-hydride /ti of hydroge are cosidered.


LaNi 5 are take ito particlar cosideratio. Res/ts of e/aboratio
techologies of prodctio sch aterials are broght. lt is deteried that protective argo atosphere-idctio eltig
1vith followig castig al/oy LaNi5 ito cast iro /d allows to get 100 % of phase LaNi5 i strctre of ateria/. The
techology of treatet of oxides d etals ixtres /i hydride (ca/ci-hydride ethod) is ost i/ for
The

The

cheica l, strctral d techological

aterials

based

iteretallic d

prodctio cosidered aterials.

------

- --- --------

()

) .

1,5... 2

LaNi 5

[ 1].

0,4

101

(1000

(4

0, 1... 2

10 ... 20

_ :

(2 / )+ 2

<=>

(2 /)( ) ,

(1)

: ,

, )

, ()

(400 ... 700

).

(1)
- .

. ,

" ".

, ~

[2].

0,001 %

[3].

. -

r .

2007. N!! 5

47

- --.

5 .

: --

, -- - .

(Ni-MH)

()

[9]

, -

, RNi 0 MnCo<AI,1Xe ,

().

R- , Sc ,
95 % .
: La, , Nd ; -
Fe, Cu, Zn, Nb; 3,9::; < 6; 0,45::; < 1,5;
0,01 ::; < 0,3; 0,4::; d < 1,0; ::; < 0,2; 5,2 ::; + ++
+ d + ::; 7,5.
CaCu 5 , (
0,3 ... 5 ) , .

---

[4].

Ni) ,

RT 5 .

0, 1... 1

RTx (R -

- Fe,

).

"-

"

La 1_xCexNi 5_yAiy, = 0 ... 1; = 0 ...0,6

---

[4].

RT 5 .

RCoRNi 5

[5].

(0,03 ... 1,6

293

). .

LaNi 5 .

, , ,

LaNi 5

[5-7].

[4].

LaNi 5

, . ,

n,

. , ,

[8]

, 3/

293

Lao 95 osNi4,9sAio 02

160

0,210

2,5

La 0 9 0 1Ni 4 81 0 2

146

0,063

1,1

Lao sCeo sNi4 9sAio 02

170

1,000

9,8

LaNi 5

170

0, 140

1,8

48

r .

2007. N!! 5

373

1,

10

20

30

~
"J

"J

50
~

~~

1200
1000

-- ' '

600

1
1

400

675 _1..
}J "714
....
~ 688

:::620

-~:::.-r=l!l

HP-La)

Ha-La)

10
20
La
.

1.

,,

976
811

~-

1145;

"

_l

(N i ) ~

80

La 2Ni 7

70

~~
.,

"J

50 57,7

:rfz_c

40

~~

30

"J

200

('i-

10 14

'

1
1

918

865 ~~y-La)
800

60 70 80 90 Ni, %

{i! ~
j~5;35o

~
" ..Jj

"

1400

40
n

'Z

93 Nt , %

LaNi 5 . , ,
La 2 Ni 7

()

La- Ni [ll]

1014
La 2 Ni 7 (
f = 1350 .

LaNi 5 :

( -

LaNi 5

Ni +0, 1La 2 0

3 + 0,3 2 ~

+0 , 30+0,3 2 .

0,2LaNi 5

(2)

La (40,34 %

La 2N i7

.)

1000

(
)

0 2 , . .

Al 20 3 ,

LaNi 5

),

,
.

32, 13 %

. ,

La 2Ni 7

LaNi 5 ,

Ni

, G

, ' , .

( -);

, -

()

..

1%

12,2 %

La 2Ni 7

La-Ni, 1 00%-
LaNi 5 [ 10].
LaNi 5 La-Ni [ 11]
(. 1)
1000 .

6 %

32, 13 % .,

2007. NQ 5

49

,
,

30,34 .. . 33 ,79 %

( ) ,

LaNi 4 ,64

LaNi 5, 43

, ( )

3 L60

0,2 .. .0,8

[5].

80 ...90 %

3,45 ... 3,55 j 3 ;

30 .. .40

40 ... LOO

[4] .

-3 , .

Cu -

, ,

, ,

, .

1987- 1993

"' , )

16

2 ... 3

LaNi 5

[10].

- ,

. .. ( )

r .

-869

100 .

. "" (

150

-0

, -1 -

69

LaNi 5

8 = 5 .. .40,
3 28,

. .

, .

2-

r.

File),

Difractio

PDF (Powder

NQ 17-126).

LaNi 5
2

1,

d,

0,4 (310 . .) .
3

(0 ,4 ... 0,6 ) ,

LaNi 5

0,04 .. .0,06

% .

200 .. .300
200 ... 300

31 , 14 / 32, 19 / 32,43

, -

31,72 / 31 ,95 / 31 ,61

31 ,58 /30,34 /3 1,50

31 ,55 / 33,79 / 31 ,74

. -32.

LaNi 5

,
, , :

- 200,

- 70,

50

2.

- 450.

. , ,

2007. N!:? 5

LaNi 5

PDF
PDF
N2 17 -126)

28 ,

d, A

d,A

35 ,89

2,502

49

2,500

30

41 ,65

2, 168

61

2, 169

32

42 ,60

2, 122

12

2, 119

50

45 ,50

1,990

1,988

25

47 ,83

1,902

100

1,905

20

59,26

1,559

33

1,558

15

6! ,06

1,518

22

1,515

10

63,33

1,469

1,466

20

64,53

1,444

1,447

69,22

1,357

1,36 1

35

74,72

1,270

1,271

75 ,73

1,256

11

1,255

40

3. ( l) LaNi 5 (

Stemi

2000-)

[ 12] .

).

100 %-

100 % - n

LaNi 5

LaNi 5 [5-6].

LaNi 5

1000

(. .

2) ,

u () n

[11].
3

,
2

4 u
LaNi 5 , -

0,4

100

75

0,2
50

5
.
)

\0

15

2.

20

25

30

35

LaNi 5 ( . -

4. LaNi 5 :
- ; 2 -

2007. N:! 5

51

[13]

LaNi 5

. ,

() : MLNi 4 ,-xCoxMn 0 , 4 Al 0 , 3 ,

ML- ; = 0,2,
0,4, 0,5, 0,6, 0,7 0,9.

[15].

().

2,5

[16].

CaCu 5 .

[14]

LaNi 5

, 2 , 5

100%-

LaNi5 .

.
-

, 2 5

Mg.

(90 ... 150

(),

- 25,3

(250

, ..

[10].

. ,

. .

2 . /

n. . . . . .

n:

241-289.
2.

nep.

.:

. .

2.

2.
1981.

.., ..

3.

1.

1977.

18. N2 5.

//
618-632.

.. n

//

. . .

IY

. .

no

, n. .: ,

2004.
4.

457-458.

.., .., ..

---,

// . . . . . "

2004)" . . 1. , 2004. "".


. 227-229.
5. .., .., .. -
: . .: ,
1995.
. 214-226 , 230-238.
6. : . / .. , ..
, .. . .: , 1992. . 86-93,
103-105.
7. .., ..
// - :
. . . 8. .: , 1988. . 155-205.
8. Hu Wei-Kang. 1mprovement in capacity of coba1t-free
Mm-based hydrogen storage alloys with good cyclig stability //
J. Alloys d Compounds. 2000. Vo1. 297. No. I-2. . 206-210.
(

52

2007. N!! 5

9. . US 6261517, 22 19/03, 22 19/00.


Rare-earth metal-nickel-hydrogen storage all oy, method to
producing the same, and anode for nickeJ-Iiydrogen rechargaie
battery / Akihito . , Masafumi 1., Yuji . n. 17.07.2001 .
1. n

. . , . .

, . . .// . . .

III

.
, . . :

2002. . 303-313.
11.
: n. : 3 . . 3. . 1 / . . . . .
. : , 2001 . . 175-176.
12. LaNi 5 / . .
, . . , .. . // . .
. . 1977. . 13. N2 11. . 2009- 20 13.

13. The influence ofhigh-rate quenchi ng on the cycle stability


and the structure of the 5 - t hydrogen storage alloys with
different content / Li Chuan-Jian , Wang Feng-Rong, Cheng
Wen - Hao, et 1 . // J. Al loys and Compounds. 2001 . Yol. 315.
No. 1-2. . 218- 223.
14. Liang G., Schulz R. Mechanically alloyed nanocristalline
hydrogen storage materia1s // Mater. Trans. 2001. Yol. 42. No. 8.
. 1593- 1598.
15.
/
. . , . . , . . . //
. : . .

/ . . .. . .: ,
1989. . 14. . 303-309.
16. . ., .. n
//
. 1994. N2 4. . 7- 14.

()

n ,

/ 2

180 .. .200

15 ... 23

0,5.. .2, 0

24

15 ... 60

20 .. .40

3,0

40

30 .. .60

10 ... 28

1,5 ... 3,0

15 ... 25

2,5.. .3,5

120

90 .. . 120

40 .. .45

0,3.. . 1,0

40 .. .80

60 .. .80

40 .. .45

3,0

120

30 .. .40

15 ... 30

1,0

12

5... 10

30 ... 55

2.. .4

27 ... 33

10 ... 20

1... 2

30 ... 35

1...3

8... 10

6... 8

1... 2

100

20 ... 120

40 .. .42

90 ... 110

350 ... 670

2007. N!! 5

53

.. ()



.
.

Ways of cleaig of details


researched.

srface d scorage i galvaic

shops are

cosidered.

The

way of cleaig is offered

. :

, 1 /

- ,

.
,
.

' ,

, .

, /

0, 100

0,06

0,5

'
3

() ,

'

0,012

0, 1

150

1,0

0,030

1,0

0,020

0,050

0,500

0,5

1000 2j)
45 3 , .

[ 1].

0,1 / 2

. , ,

40

/ ,

, .
, -
,

54

0,700

0,5

*4

0,015

0, 1

0,010

0, 1

*1

'2

*4

.
.

2007. N!! 5

, n , n

. n

70 ... 90

, .

- .

(/): u

, ,

.. n n

- n.
nn .
,

no

, .
,
, n-

n .

2.

56 ...60

n . -

, u .

15 ... 20.

40 ... 50,

u (

- 18 ... 20

n - 0,5 / 2 , - 1 .

1.. .2

.
n n .
n n

60 ...80

1... 5

n n n

n .

n nn

.

n
. n

5... 1

u n

n.

n .

34+

96
l

0,35

+ 18

44
0,46

u n u

+ 0,19

n , u ,

no

u n .

n n
, :

, n

npouecce

. n

(N 4 ) 2 3 2 0

NH 4 HC0 3

NH 4 C0 2NH2

(NH 4 HC0 3) (NH 4 C0 2NH 2)

114, 11

79,06

78 , 11

157, ll

, r/ 3

3,01

1,536

, r/

1000

200

250

200

2007. NQ 5

55

, /

70 .. .75

65 ...70

70 ... 75
75 ... 80

0, 10 ... 0, 15

0,05 ... 0,07

65 .. .70

0,05 ...0,07

0,02 .. .0,03

70 ...75

0,02 ... 0,03

0,01 0 ... 0,0 15

75 ... 80

70 ...75

0,010 ... 0,015

0,008 ... 0,0 1

80 ...85

75 ...80

0,005 ...0,008

80 ...85

75 ...80

0,003 ...0,005

, .

1.

3.

18 ... 20

5, 10 15

2.

(NH 4 0H) ,

1 .

3.

/ , ,

0,015

70 ... 75

0,05

. ,

, ,

4.

, .

, .

1.

..

. 2 - ., . . .:

199 1. 384

" " " ,

107076, , ., 4.
000 " - ! ".

E-mail: utp@mashin.ru.
Web-site: www.mashin.ru.
:

(495) 268-40-77, 269-54-96;

(495) 268-85-26, 269-48-97.

..
..
.., ..

26.02.07

.
. . .

6,86.

13.04.07 .
7,69.

.-. .

6088

532.

1/8.

. .

- n " "" .

- " " ,

56

142110,

, . , .

2007. N!! 5

15

..

..
..

4.

5.

6.

Studio

Structure

....

-~
---

--

~'""'--~~c.:r..,....,l'ay,..,~OIIl~

! 1# !;1

"'

- ., ., .,.

J.l"'

'i :.'.

,.,..P.P <!1.a : a.D,;.

") ;ji JIIr

7.

Structure