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DESIGN OF STEEL PURLINS

REFERENCE: Structureal Steel Design ASD Method by J.C.McCormac


NSCP 2001, Fifth Edition ,ASEP Steel Handbook 1994
INPUT DATA:
Fy
= 278.00 MPa
Fu
= 400.00 MPa
E
= 200,000 MPa

Minimum Yield Stress of Steel in Mpa


Minimum Tensile Stress of Steel in Mpa
Modulus of Elasticity

L
S

ns

=
=
=
=

3.05 m
0.80 m
20.00 deg
1.00

Span Length of Purlins, m


Spacing of Purlins, m
Roof Angle, degrees
no. of sagrods in one span

w(DL)
w(LL)
w(WLi)
w(WLo)

=
=
=
=

0.40
0.60
4.55
3.55

Dead Load in kPa


Live Load in kPa
Inward Wind Load Normal to Roof in kPa
Outward Wind Load Normal to Roof in kPa

kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa

SECTION PROPERTIES:
LC 150x50x18x3.0
Note: Input Section Properties in the form LC_HxBxCxT (ASEP 1994)
Wp
= 0.0603 kN/m
Weight of Purlins
d
= 150.00 mm
Over-all Depth
bf
= 50.00 mm
Width of Flange
tf
= 5.00 mm
Thickness of Flange
Ix
= 2.53E+06 mm^4
Moment of Inertia about the Major Axis
Sx
= 3.37E+04 mm^3
Section Modulus about the Major Axis
Sy
= 6.90E+03 mm^3
Section Modulus about the Minor Axis
Section Adequate
LOAD ANALYSIS:
Normal Loads (Wx):
Wp
= 0.057 kN/m
WD
= 0.301 kN/m
WL
= 0.451 kN/m
WWi
= 3.640 kN/m
WWo
= 2.840 kN/m

Tangential Loads (Wy):


Wp
= 0.021 kN/m
WD
= 0.109 kN/m
WL
= 0.164 kN/m

Max. Tangential Reactions (Ry):


Rp
= 0.039 kN
RD
= 0.209 kN
RL
= 0.313 kN
RT
= 0.561 kN
Max. Normal Moments (Mx):
MD
= 0.416 kNm
ML
= 0.524 kNm
MWi
= 4.233 kNm
MWo
= 3.302 kNm

267854244.xls

Max.Tangential Moments (My):


MD
= 0.038 kNm
ML
= 0.048 kNm

Design of Purlins

Load Combinations:
Normal Moments (Mx):
DL+LL
= 0.940
0.75(DL+LL+WLi)
= 3.880
0.75(DL-Wlo)
= 2.165
Tangential Moments (My):
DL+LL
= 0.086

267854244.xls

Design Moments:
Normal Moments (Mx):
Mx
= 3.880 kNm
Tangential Moments (My):
Myp
= 0.086 kNm

kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm

Design of Purlins

ACTUAL STRESSES:
fbx
= 115.12 MPa
fby
= 12.40 MPa
ALLOWABLE STRESSES:
Fbx
= 183.48 MPa
Fby
= 208.50 MPa
CAPACITY CHECK:
Cap.Ratio = 0.687
CHECK DEFLECTION:
Live Load Deflection:
all
= 16.94 mm
act
= 1.01 mm
Total Load Deflection:
all
= 16.94 mm
act
= 1.80 mm
SAGRODS:
Areqd

= 4.25 sq. mm

267854244.xls

= Mx/Sx
= My/Sy
See NSCP 506.2/506.3
See AISC Manual F1/F2
= (fbx/Fbx) + (fby/Fby)
Section Adequate

= L/180
= 5(WL)(L4)/[384(E)(Ix)]
= L/180
= 5(WD+WL)(L4)/[384(E)(Ix)]
Section Adequate
= RT/[0.33(Fu)]
Use 10 mm dia. sagrods

Design of Purlins

267854244.xls

Design of Purlins

TABLE OF LIGHT GAGE CHANNELS FROM ASEP HANDBOOK


Designation HxBxCxT

Weight
bf (mm) tf (mm)
(kg/m)
20.50
90.00
6.00
18.97
90.00
5.50
17.41
90.00
5.00
15.81
90.00
4.50
14.19
90.00
4.00
12.53
90.00
3.50
10.83
90.00
3.00
9.11
90.00
2.50

Ix(x103)

d (mm)

Sx(x103) Iy(x103)
(mm3)
(mm4)
190.20
2,357
177.70
0,237
164.50
2,103
150.80
1,955
136.40
1,764
121.50
1,619
106.00
1,430
89.80
1,227

255.00
255.00
255.00
255.00
255.00
255.00
255.00
255.00

(mm4)
24,255
22,653
20,976
19,223
17,395
15,490
13,509
11,451

6.00
5.50
5.00
4.50
4.00
3.50
3.00
2.50
2.00

220.00
220.00
220.00
220.00
220.00
220.00
220.00
220.00
220.00

14,963
14,025
13,032
11,983
10,878
9,718
8,501
7,227
5,897

136.00
127.50
118.50
108.90
98.90
88.30
77.30
65.70
53.60

1,393
1,331
1,259
1,177
1,086
985
875
754
624

75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00

3.50
3.00
2.50
2.00

200.00
200.00
200.00
200.00

7,749
6,785
5,774
4,716

77.50
67.90
57.70
47.20

955
848
731
605

7.25
5.86

75.00
75.00

2.50
2.00

200.00
200.00

5,624
4,595

56.20
46.00

665
552

8.13

70.00

3.00

200.00

6,110

61.10

575

LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC

255x90x25x6.0
255x90x25x5.5
255x90x25x5.0
255x90x25x4.5
255x90x25x4.0
255x90x25x3.5
255x90x25x3.0
255x90x25x2.5

LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC

220x75x25x6.0
220x75x25x5.5
220x75x25x5.0
220x75x25x4.5
220x75x25x4.0
220x75x25x3.5
220x75x25x3.0
220x75x25x2.5
220x75x25x2.0

17.44
16.16
14.86
13.52
12.15
10.74
9.30
7.83
6.33

75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00

LC
LC
LC
LC

200x75x25x3.5
200x75x25x3.0
200x75x25x2.5
200x75x25x2.0

10.19
8.83
7.44
6.02

LC 200x75x20x2.5
LC 200x75x20x2.0
LC 200x70x15x3.0
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC

185x50x20x5.5
185x50x20x5.0
185x50x20x4.5
185x50x20x4.0
185x50x20x3.5
185x50x20x3.0
185x50x20x2.5
185x50x20x2.0

12.06
11.13
10.16
9.16
8.13
7.07
5.97
4.84

50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

5.50
5.00
4.50
4.00
3.50
3.00
2.50
2.00

185.00
185.00
185.00
185.00
185.00
185.00
185.00
185.00

6,741
6,321
5,862
5,366
4,831
4,258
3,646
2,996

72.90
68.30
63.40
58.00
52.20
46.00
39.40
32.40

374
363
348
328
304
274
241
202

LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC

175x50x20x4.5
175x50x20x4.0
175x50x20x3.5
175x50x20x3.0
175x50x20x2.5
175x50x20x2.0

9.81
8.85
7.86
6.83
5.77
4.68

50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

4.50
4.00
3.50
3.00
2.50
2.00

175.00
175.00
175.00
175.00
175.00
175.00

5,108
4,680
4,217
3,720
3,188
2,621

58.40
53.50
48.20
42.50
36.40
30.00

342
323
298
270
237
199

LC 150x75x25x6.0
LC 150x75x25x5.5
LC 150x75x25x5.0

14.14
13.14
12.11

75.00
75.00
75.00

6.00
5.50
5.00

150.00
150.00
150.00

5,912
5,571
5,202

78.80
74.30
69.40

1,213
1,160
1,099

LC
LC
LC
LC
LC

150x75x20x6.0
150x75x20x5.5
150x75x20x5.0
150x75x20x4.5
150x75x20x3.0

13.67
12.71
11.72
10.69
7.42

75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00

6.00
5.50
5.00
4.50
3.00

150.00
150.00
150.00
150.00
150.00

5,747
5,419
5,064
4,683
3,373

76.60
72.30
67.50
62.40
45.00

1,081
1,039
988
929
699

LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC

150x65x20x5.5
150x65x20x5.0
150x65x20x4.5
150x65x20x4.0
150x65x20x3.5
150x65x20x3.0
150x65x20x2.5
150x65x20x2.0

11.85
10.93
9.98
9.01
7.99
6.95
5.87
4.76

65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00

5.50
5.00
4.50
4.00
3.50
3.00
2.50
2.00

150.00
150.00
150.00
150.00
150.00
150.00
150.00
150.00

4,845
4,539
4,206
3,847
3,461
3,049
2,609
2,142

64.60
60.50
56.10
51.30
46.20
40.70
34.80
28.60

710
680
643
599
548
491
426
355

LC 150x50x20x6.0
LC 150x50x20x5.5

11.31
10.55

50.00
50.00

6.00
5.50

150.00
150.00

4,191
3,983

55.90
53.10

354
349

LC 150x50x18x5.5
LC 150x50x18x3.0

10.38
6.15

50.00
50.00

5.50
5.00

150.00
150.00

3,914
2,525

52.20
33.70

325
243

LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC

125x50x20x5.5
125x50x20x5.0
125x50x20x4.5
125x50x20x4.0
125x50x20x3.5
125x50x20x3.0
125x50x20x2.5

9.47
8.77
8.04
7.28
6.48
5.65
4.79

50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

5.50
5.00
4.50
4.00
3.50
3.00
2.50

125.00
125.00
125.00
125.00
125.00
125.00
125.00

2,524
2,386
2,230
2,056
1,864
1,654
1,425

40.40
38.20
35.70
32.90
29.80
26.50
22.80

326
317
305
288
267
241
212

LC
LC
LC
LC

125x50x15x4.5
125x50x15x4.0
125x50x15x3.5
125x50x15x3.0

7.69
6.96
6.21
5.42

50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

4.50
4.00
3.50
3.00

125.00
125.00
125.00
125.00

2,139
1,975
1,793
1,593

34.20
31.60
28.70
25.50

259
246
230
210

LC
LC
LC
LC
LC

120x60x20x6.0
120x60x20x5.5
120x60x20x5.0
120x60x20x4.5
120x60x20x3.0

10.84
10.12
9.36
8.57
6.01

60.00
60.00
60.00
60.00
60.00

6.00
5.50
5.00
4.50
3.00

120.00
120.00
120.00
120.00
120.00

2,775
2,640
2,487
2,318
1,705

46.30
44.00
41.50
38.60
28.40

540
526
506
481
372

LC 120x40x20x6.0
LC 120x40x20x5.5
LC 120x40x20x5.0

8.96
8.39
7.79

40.00
40.00
40.00

6.00
5.50
5.00

120.00
120.00
120.00

1,995
1,919
1,826

33.30
32.00
30.40

170
172
171

LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC

120x40x20x4.5
120x40x20x4.0
120x40x20x3.5
120x40x20x3.0
120x40x20x2.5
120x40x20x2.0

7.16
6.49
5.80
5.07
4.30
3.51

40.00
40.00
40.00
40.00
40.00
40.00

4.50
4.00
3.50
3.00
2.50
2.00

120.00
120.00
120.00
120.00
120.00
120.00

1,717
1,593
1,452
1,294
1,120
0,930

28.60
26.50
24.20
21.60
18.70
15.50

167
160
150
137
122
103

LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC

100x50x15x4.5
100x50x15x4.0
100x50x15x3.5
100x50x15x3.0
100x50x15x2.5
100x50x15x2.0

6.81
6.18
5.52
4.83
4.11
3.35

50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

4.50
4.00
3.50
3.00
2.50
2.00

100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00

1,241
1,152
1,051
938
812
675

24.80
23.00
21.00
18.80
16.20
13.50

238
227
212
194
171
145

LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC

90x45x15x4.5
90x45x15x4.0
90x45x15x3.5
90x45x15x3.0
90x45x15x2.5
90x45x15x2.0

6.10
5.55
4.97
4.36
3.71
3.04

45.00
45.00
45.00
45.00
45.00
45.00

4.50
4.00
3.50
3.00
2.50
2.00

90.00
90.00
90.00
90.00
90.00
90.00

878.00
820.00
752.00
674.00
587.00
490.00

19.50
18.20
16.70
15.00
13.00
10.90

171
164
155
142
127
108

LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC

75x38x15x4.5
75x38x15x4.0
75x38x15x3.5
75x38x15x3.0
75x38x15x2.5
75x38x15x2.0

5.08
4.64
4.18
3.68
3.14
2.58

38.00
38.00
38.00
38.00
38.00
38.00

4.50
4.00
3.50
3.00
2.50
2.00

75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00

481.00
454.00
421.00
382.00
335.00
282.00

12.80
12.10
11.20
10.20
8.90
7.50

99
97
93
86
78
67

LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC

65x30x15x4.5
65x30x15x4.0
65x30x15x3.5
65x30x15x3.0
65x30x15x2.5
65x30x15x2.0

4.16
3.83
3.46
3.06
2.63
2.17

30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

4.50
4.00
3.50
3.00
2.50
2.00

65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00
65.00

267.00
258.00
243.00
223.00
199.00
169.00

8.20
7.90
7.50
6.90
6.10
5.20

46
47
47
44
41
36

Sy(x103)
(mm3)
36.40
34.60
32.50
30.30
27.80
25.10
22.20
19.10
26.10
25.00
23.70
22.10
20.50
18.60
16.50
14.20
11.80
18.40
16.30
14.10
11.70
12.50
10.40
11.20
10.20
10.00
9.50
9.00
8.30
7.50
6.60
5.60
9.50
9.00
8.30
7.50
6.60
5.50

24.80
23.70
22.50
21.40
20.60
19.60
18.50
14.00
16.00
15.30
14.50
13.50
12.40
11.10
9.70
8.10
10.10
10.00
9.20
6.90
9.70
9.50
9.10
8.60
8.00
7.20
6.40
7.40
7.10
6.60
6.00
13.70
13.40
12.90
12.30
9.60
6.30
6.30
6.30

6.20
5.90
5.60
5.10
4.50
3.90
7.10
6.80
6.40
5.90
5.20
4.40
5.80
5.60
5.30
4.90
4.30
3.70
4.10
4.00
3.80
3.60
3.20
2.80
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.40
2.20
1.90