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Trends in Biosciences 8(2), Print : ISSN 0974-8, 305-307, 2015

Effect of Pulsing on Post Postharvest Life and Quality of Cut Anthurium Flowers (Anthurium andraeanum L.) cv. Xavia

H.A. SAHARE AND ALKA SINGH

Department of Floriculture and Landscape Architecture, ASPEE college of Horticulture and Forestry NAU, Navsari, Gujarat, India 396 450 email :homrajsahare82@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

The present investigation was conducted to study the effect of growth regulators and sucrose viz., Benzyl adenine (BA), Gibberellic acid (GA 3 ), Salasilic acidalong with 4% sucrose as a pulse treatment on post-harvest quality and life of anthurium flowers. Treatments of pulsing with 10 mg/l BA and10 mg/l GA 3 +4% sugar significantly enhancedvase life and delayedflower abscission up to 19 days as compared to control (12days). Further, similar pulsing treatments improved physiological parameters like water uptake (ml), exhibited spike fresh weight (%) and diminished electrolyte leakage (%) in flower spathe and improve flower quality as it decreased color fading in spathetissue as compared to control.

Key words

Vase life, BA, GA 3, FW, postharvest life and Electrolyte leakage

Anthuriums are grown for their great aesthetic value and showy flowers. They are very popular in flower arrangements for their bold effect and good keeping quality. The senescence of cut flowers of anthurium is accompanied by visible changes like gloss-loss, spadix necrosis and finally stem collapse (Paull, 1982). The life of anthurium flowers is apparently limited by the development of water deficit (Watson and Shirakawa, 1967). This research aimed to use pulsingtreatments and floral additives to delay senescence of anthurium and to examine quality parameters and vase life of anthurium in variety Xavia. An understanding of changing patterns in weight, colour, vase lifeand electrolyte leakage will assist in developing commercial postharvest handling procedures to extend postharvest life and maintain flower quality.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Cut anthurium (Anthurium andraeanum L. ‘Xavia’) flowers grown in fan and poly houses at ASPEE College of Horticulture and Forestry NAU, Navsari Gujarat, during 2013 -14.Fresh anthurium flowers were harvested at early morning hours when the spadix almost fully developed (33 %

flower spadix mature).Flower stems were cut to maintain 30 cm stem length and were placed in pulsing chemical containing conical flask along with alone RO water. The maximum and minimum laboratory day and night temperature fluctuated between 20 -25 0 C and 17- 20 0 C, respectively during the course of investigation. The experiment was laid out in the completely randomized design consisting of eight treatments including control viz., T 1- GA 3 10 mg/lit + Sucrose 4%, T 2 GA 3 25 mg/lit + Sucrose 4%, T 3 BA10 mg/lit + Sucrose 4%,T 4 BA25 mg/lit + Sucrose 4%,T 5 SA 10 mg/lit + Sucrose 4%,T 6- SA 10 mg/lit + Sucrose 4%T 7- Sucrose 4% and T 8- control(distilled water). The treatments were repeated thrice and 10 flowers were used in each treatment.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Effect on water uptake and Fresh weight

All treatments as pulse improved water uptake and fresh weight retention in the anthurium flowers as compared to untreated (control). Fresh weigh retention and water uptake was higher in the pulsed flowers over control as recorded at different intervals throughout the vase life period.

Significantly maximum total water uptake (90.33 ml) and higher per cent fresh weight retention (20.20 and 19.86 %) was observed in anthurium cut stems treated with 10 mg/l BA+ 4 % sucrose pulse treatmentwhich was followed by

25 mg/l BA+ 4 % sucrose treatment (18.62 ml and

17.69 %) at 8 th and 10 th DAT as compared to control

that recorded minimum total water uptake (55.54 ml) and lowest fresh weight retention (14.03 and

12.36 %, respectively), as shown in Table 1.Higher

water uptake and per cent fresh weight in all pulse treatments might be due to the normal condition of the spathe cells as indicated by low electrolyte leakage. The higher intake of the sugars in the petal

cells from the vase solution is known to enhance water uptake due to osmotic pull in cut flowers (Ho and Nicholus, 1975). Further, delayed senescence with pulse treatments also contributed

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Trends in Biosciences 8 (2), 2015

Table 1. Effect of pulse treatments on total water uptake and per cent fresh weight of anthurium flowers cv. Xavia

Per cent fresh weight (%) 8th DAT

Per cent fresh weight (%) 10 th DAT

Total water uptake

Treatment

 

(ml)

T1-(BA 10 mg/l+4% Sucrose)

20.20

19.86

90.33

T2-(BA 25 mg/l +4% Sucrose)

18.02

17.69

88.15

T3-(GA3 10 mg/l + 4 % Sucrose)

15.23

14.90

78.12

T4-(GA3 25 mg/l + 4 %Sucrose)

15.09

15.09

71.37

T5-

(SA10 mg/l

+ 4%

Sucrose)

17.47

16.80

83.00

T6-

(SA10 mg/l + 4%

Sucrose)

16.36

16.03

81.59

T7- (Control)

 

14.03

12.36

55.54

S Em +

0.16

0.31

0.52

CD

0.49

0.95

1.57

CV%

 

1.67

3.37

1.14

to increase in total water uptake and fresh weight retention. The present findings are in line with the earlier reports of Paull and Goo, 1985 and Salvi, et al., 1997.The balance between the rate of water uptake and the rate of transpiration is directly related to Anthurium flower turgidity and flower keeping quality (Sankat and Mujaffar, 1994).

Effect of Vase Life and Electrolyte leakage

Non-treated flowers (controls) held in RO water showed the minimum vase life(11.86 days). The vase life of Anthurium cut flowers was significantly increased bypulse solutions treatments comprising of PGRs as compared with controls (Table 1). Vase life is also known to be associated

with uptake of more vase solution and retained fresh weight with the treatments involving benzyl adenine (10 and 25 ppm with 4 per cent sucrose). These investigations are also in agreement with the reports of Watson and Shrikawa (1967) who has observed limited vase life in anthurium flowers apparently due to the development of water deficit.

Flower Colour

In general there was fading in spathe with approaching senescence. However, the anthurium flower treated with PGRs (BA, GA 3 and SA) showed better color retention. Color retention was maximum (with pinkish hue in the spathe) observed in BA treated flowers.

Table 2. Effect of pulse treatments on electrolyte leakage, and vase life of Anthurium flowers cv. Xavia

Electrolyte Leakage (%) 10 th DAT

Electrolyte Leakage (%) 12 th DAT

Electrolyte Leakage (%) 8 th DAT

Vase life

 

(days)

T1-(BA 10 mg/l+4% Sucrose)

82.37

93.50

95.45

19.00

T2-(BA 25 mg/l +4% Sucrose)

84.25

95.23

97.79

17.00

T3-(GA3 10 mg/l + 4 % Sucrose)

94.16

112.10

115.35

15.67

T4-(GA3 25 mg/l + 4 %Sucrose)

95.23

115.00

116.41

14.67

T5-

(SA10 mg/l

+ 4%

Sucrose)

87.20

97.16

99.34

16.33

T6-

(SA10 mg/l + 4%

Sucrose)

88.50

98.19

101.04

15.67

T7- (Control)

 

101.67

122.33

125.33

13.33

S Em +

0.68

0.62

0.94

0.42

CD

2.07

1.87

2.85

1.27

CV%

 

1.31

1.02

1.52

4.58

Treatment

SAHARE and SINGH, Effect of Pulsing on Post Postharvest Life and Quality of Cut Anthurium Flowers

307

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I am thankful to the Principle and Dean ASPEE College Horticulture & Forestry, NAU for their support and contribution during the experiment period.

LITERATURE CITED

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Sankat, C.K. and Mujaffar, S. 1994. Water balance in cut anthurium flowers in storageand its effect on quality. Acta Hort.,368:723-732.

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Ho, L. C. and Nicholus, R. 1975. The role of phloem transport in the translocation of sucrose along the stem of carnation cut flowers.Ann. Bot., (London),39: 439-

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Paull, R.E. and Goo, T.T.C., 1985. Ethylene and water stress in the senescence of cut anthurium flowers. Journal of American Society of Horticulture Science, 110: 84-88

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Received on 17-12-2014

Accepted on 22-12-2014