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bis 3 ie Deeg vere | 1 CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level HISTORY 2171/2 (FOR CANDIDATES IN BRUNEI) PAPER 2 MAY/JUNE SESSION 2002 2 hours 15 minutes Additional materials: ‘Answer paper ie TIME 2 hours 15 minutes b , INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES eo Write your name, Centre number and candidate number in the spaces provided on the answer paper! answer booklet. e Answer four questions. ‘You must answer Question 1 and one other question from Section A, one question from Section B and one question from Section C. Write your answers on the separate answer paper provided If you use more than one. sheet of paper, fasten the sheets together. INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES The number of marks is given in brackets at the end of each question or part question. All questions in this paper carry equal marks. This question paper consists of 5 printed pages and 3 blank pages. University of Campripcr Local Examinations Syndicate 38 $0) sis6ea'4 © ce 2002 [Turn over (a) (b) (c) (a) (e) Section A History of Brunei, 1800-1967 ‘Answer Question 1 and one other question from this section. 1 Read the extracts and then answer the questions which follow. ‘The Reign of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Ill: political developments Extract A: Early Political Developments and the 1959 Constitution . Discussions about changes in the government were started in 1953 when Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III set up a committee to consider possible changes. This was the Bruneian Constitutional Advisory Committee or Tujuh Serangkai. The committee produced its report in 1954, suggesting that Brunei should have a written constitution. 5 In 1957 Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Ill requested that a delegation should be sent to London to discuss the plan. The delegation was led by the Sultan and discussions were held with the British Secretary of State for the Colonies in 1959. The British accepted the proposed constitution Extract B: Political Developments, 1962 In 1961, Tunku Abdul Rahman, Prime Minister of Malaya, made a speech proposing 10 that a Federation of Malaysia should be formed. His plan included Brunei, ‘A commission was set up in Brunei to get the views of the people. ‘The views varied but only a few people gave a response. There was a meeting in Kuching in 1961 to discuss the Federation proposal. Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Ill sent observers to look at the plans in more detail 15 ‘Those opposed to the scheme were angry, disagreeing with Bruneians attending the Kuching meeting. Opponents of the Malaysia plan retielled on 8 December 1962. Give the names of the three members of the proposed Federation of Malaysia other than Malaya and Brunei. (Extract B, lines 10-11) (3) How did the Bruneian Constitutional Advisory Committee (Tujuh Serangkai) do its work? (Extract A, lines 1-3) (4) What changes were made in the government of Brunei by the 1959 Constitution? (Extract A, lines 8-9). (4) Give reasons why Tunku Abdul Rahman included Brunei in the proposal to set up Malaysia. (Extract B, lines 10-11) (6) Describe the events which led to the rebellion in Brunei in December 1962 and its defeat (Extract B, lines 16-18) (8) 3 2 Local Reactions 0 Western Expansion in the Nineteenth Century. {a) Give the names of three people who held the leases to North Borneo (Sabah) before the British North Borneo Company was formed in 1881. @] (b) What was the importance of the 1847 Treaty of Friendship and Commerce with Britain? [6] ~ (e) Why did Sultan Abdul Momin have difficulties in preventing the Brookes from obtaining Bruneian territory? [4] (d) Why was there a meeting between Sultan Abdul Momin and the Brunei chiefs in 18852. [4] (e) Explain why and how Sultan Abdul Momin encouraged and defended Islam. . [8] 3 Social Developments before 1941 (a) Give three improvements introduced in Brunei Town in the 1920s and 1930s. (3) {b) What changes happened in Muara after coal mining began there? [4] (c) Describe the development of the police force in Brunei in the 1920s and 1930s. (41 (4) Why were improvements made in health care between 1929 and 1941? (6) (e) Describe the development of education in Brunei between 1906 and 1941. (8) rrvenoe [Turn over 4 Section B History of Malaya, 1800-1963 Answer either Question 4 or Question 5. The Founding of Singapore. {a) Name the three people who signed the Treaty of 6 February 1819 about Singapore, (3) (b) What were the terms of the Treaty of 6 February 1819? {6} (c) Why was the trade with China important to Britain in the early nineteenth century? (4) (4) Why were Penang and Bencoolen not ideal for the British as trading posts in the area? —_[4) (e) Why did the British have difficulties in their relationship with the Dutch in the period 1819-24? [8] The Japanese Occupation 1942-45. (a) Name three countries whose soldiers fought against the Japanose in Malaya, 13) (b) As the Japanese advanced, the British destroyed anything useful. What were the effects of this policy of destruction on Malaya? [4] (c) Why were the. people of Malaya forced to grow their own food during the Japanese ‘occupation? (4) (d) Describe the activities of the resistance movements in Malaya against the Japanese. (6) (e) How did the Japanese rule in Mataya and Singapore affect the lives of the people who lived there? : (8) hee Fe Section C History of Southeast Asia, 1800-1950 Answer Question 6, or Question 7, or Question 8. 6 Indonesia: The Liberal Policy, introduction and effects. (a) Give the names of three Dutch politicians or writers who opposed the Culture System. [3] | (b) What were the faults of the Culture System? (4) (c) Give details of the Sugar Law (1870) and the Agrarian Law (1870). (4) (d) What were the effects of the Liberal Policy on areas other than Java? [6] (e) Why was the Liberal Policy abandoned? (8) | 7 Thailand: The Reign of King Vajiravudh. (a) Give three ways in which King Vajiravudh encouraged western ideas and custom (b) How did King Vajiravudh encourage education? [4] (c) What effects did the First World War (1914-18) have on King Vajiravudh’s foreign policy? [4] (d) Why did King Vajiravudh become tinpoputar? (6) (e)_ In what ways did King Vajiravudh encourage Siamese nationalism? (8) 8 The Philippines: 1936-46, War and Independence. (a) Name three presidents of the Philippines between 1936 and 1946, [3] (b) How did the Japanese capture the Philippines in 1941-2? [4] ()_ Why did most Filipinos oppose Japanese occupation? {4] {e) Explain how the Philippines gained independence in the period 1936-1946. {8} (d) Give an account of Filipino resistance to the Japanese occupation. (6]