Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 5
UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level HISTORY 2171102 Paper 2 October/November 2009 2 hours 15 minutes Additional Materials: Answer Booklet/Paper READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Ifyou have been given an Answer Booklet, follow the instructions on the front cover of the Booklet. Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in. ‘Write in dark blue or black pen. You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. Section A ‘Answer Question 1 and one other question. Section B Answer one question. Section C ‘Answer one question. We ‘At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together. ‘The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the. end of each question or part question. This document consists of § printed pages and 3 blank pages. caer ae (GBB untversrry of camBeiDGE ®UCLES 2009 WY Internetional Examinations [Turn over 1 2 Section A History of Brunei, 1800-1967 ‘Answer Question 1 and one other question from this section. Read the extracts and then answer the questions which follow. (a) (b) (©) (a) (e) Increased Western Interest in Brunei Extract A: Britain and the USA, 1840-1850. During the 1840s British interest in Brunei was increasing. As part of this, the Treaty of Labuan (1846) was signed between the two countries. Labuan came under British control and this had serious effects on Brunei. The USA was also interested in the region and it wanted closer relations with Brunei. After making a Treaty with Sulu in 1842, a treaty was made with Brunei in 1850. 5 Extract B: Further Western Interest. James and Charles Brooke continued to develop their interest in North Borneo. Their activities weakened the empire of Brunei When Sultan Abdul Momin agreed to sign a Treaty with Charles Lee Moses in 1865, it started a series of events which.led to further western involvement in Brunei and. . the formation of the Brfish North Borneo Company. This was also important for the 10 future’of Brunei. Name three Westerners, other than Charles Lee Moses, involved in the series of events leading to ‘the formation of the British North Borneo Company’. (Extract B, line 10.) (3) Why did the Treaty of Labuan (1846) have ‘serious effects on Brunei’? (Extract A, line 3.) [4] Why did the USA and Brunei sign a treaty in 1850? (Extract A, line 5.) (6) Why did Sultan Abdul Momin agree ‘to sign a Treaty with Charles Lee Moses in 1865"? (Extract Byline 8.) [4] How did James and Charles Brooke continue ‘to develop their interest’ in Brunei after 1850? (Extract B, line 6.) (8) ©UCLES 2009 217 10210109 3 2 Nationalism and the Second World War in Southeast Asia. (a) Name three British people involved in the affairs of Brunei between 1941 and 1950. 3) (b) What were the aims of Kesatuan Melayu Brunei (KMB)? 14] (c) What were the links between Brunei and MPSI (Maktab Perguruan Sultan Idris) in Perak from 1929 to 1950? (6) (a) How did the Japanese occupation of Brunei end? 4] (e) Describe the activities of Barisan Pemuda (BARIP). (8) 3 Brunei’s Oil and Gas Industry, 1926-67. (a) Name three companies involved in the Brunei oil industry before 1967. (3) (b) Describe the area of Seria and Belait before oil was discovered. 14] (c) Describe the discovery of the cilfield in the area of Seria. [6] (a) Why was the discovery of the South West Ampa field important? (4) (e) What changes did the development of the oil and gas industry bring to Brunei? (8) ' ©UCLES 2009 217110201009 [Tun over 4 Section B History of Malaya, 1800-1963 Answer either Question 4 or Question 5. 4 The Federated Malay States (1896). (a) Name three Unfederated Malay States after 1896, (3] (b) What problems with the Residential System led to the formation of the Federated Malay States? (6) (c) Describe the part played by Sir Frank Swettenham in the Federated Malay States. (4) (a) What were the terms of the Federation Agreement of 18967 (8) (e) Why was the Federal Council set up in 1909? 4) 5 Developments of Rubber and Tin. (a) Name three people who contributed to the development of tin or rubber industries in Malaya. 13] (b) Describe the development of the rubber industry in Malaya up to 1994. (8) (©) Describe-the discovery of ew deposits of tin from 1848, Mee (4) (a) How was tin extracted from the ground in Malaya? (6) (e) What problems faced the rubber industry after 1918? (4) @UCLES 2009 217 102/009 5 Section C History of Southeast Asia, 1800-1950 ‘Answer one question from this section. 6 Indonesia: The Japanese Occupation and its Effects. (a) Name three organisations set up in Indonesia during the Japanese occupation. (3 (b) Why did the Japanese attack Indonesia in 1942? 14] (c) What was the reaction of Indonesians to the Japanese occupation? (8) (d) What did Sukarno do during the Japanese occupation? (6) (e) Why were the Dutch reluctant to grant independence to Indonesia at the end of the Second World War? (4) 7 Thailand: The 1932 Revolution and its Consequences. (a) Name three leaders of the Revolution in 1932. 2 13} (b) Why was there a Revolution in Siam in 1932? 8) (c) What was the Péoplé’s Party? Y - (4) (d) Describe'the’events of the Revolution iri 1932. . : i) {e) How were the royal powers affected by the 1932 Constitution? (4) 8 Philippines: American Occupation anid Constitutional Reforms. (a) Name three American Governor-Generals of the Philippines from 1901 to 1936. (3 (b) How did the USA take control of.the Philippines (1898-9)? (4) (¢) Why did the USA continue to occupy the Philippines after 1899? + (4) (d) Describe the policy of Filipinisation. fel (e) How did the Philippines gain independence? (8) ©UCLES 2009 217 va2/0N09