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SECTION 15652

CENTRAL AIR CONDITIONING EQUIPMENT


PART 1 GENERAL
1.1

DESCRIPTION OF WORK

A.

The works of this Section includes central air conditioning equipment as indicated
on the drawings and specified herein.

B.

Related Work:

1.2
A.

1.

Section 01751: Operating and Maintenance Manuals

2.

Section 15040: Systems Adjusting, Testing and Balancing

3.

Section 15050: Basic Materials and Methods Mechanical

4.

Section 15902: Temperature Control System - Electric/Electronic

QUALITY ASSURANCE
The following codes and standards are intended to provide an acceptable level of
quality for materials and products. The Contractor may propose alternative codes
and standards provided they give an equivalent degree of quality as the
referenced codes and standards. They shall be submitted for the Royal
Commission review in advance of their use.
1.

May 2014

ASHRAE - American Society of Heating Refrigerating and Air Conditioning


Engineers:
a.

Handbook of Fundamentals

b.

Systems and Equipment Volume

c.

Applications Volume

d.

15

Safety Code for Mechanical Refrigeration

e.

16

Method of Testing for Rating Room Air Conditioners

f.

52

Method of Testing Air-cleaning Devices Used in General


Ventilation for Removing Particulate Matter

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

g.
2.

3.

4.

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58

Method of Testing Room Air Conditioner Heating Capacity

AMCA - Air Moving and Conditioning Association:


a.

99

Standards Handbook

b.

210

Test Code for Air Moving Devices

c.

300

Test Code for Sound Rating Air Moving Devices

ANSI - American National Standards Institute:


a.

B 2.1

Pipe Threads (Except Dryseal)

b.

B 2.2

Dryseal Pipe Threads

c.

B 9.1-1

Safety Code for Mechanical Refrigeration

d.

B 15.1

Safety Standard for Mechanical Power Transmission


Apparatus

e.

B 16.21

Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe Flanges

f.

B 16.22

Wrought Copper and Copper Alloy Solder Joint Pressure


Fittings

g.

B 31.5

Refrigeration Piping

h.

B 70.1

Refrigeration Flare Type Fittings

i.

S 1.21

Methods for the Determination of Sound Power Levels of


Small Sources in Reverberation Rooms

j.

Z 234.1

Room Air-conditioners

ARI - Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute:


a.

210

Unitary Air-conditioning Equipment

b.

240

Air-Source Unitary Heat Pump Equipment

c.

260

Application, Installation and Servicing of Unitary Systems

d.

310

Packaged Terminal Air-conditioners

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

5.

May 2014

e.

360

Commercial
Equipment

and

Industrial

Unitary

Air-Conditioning

f.

410

Forced-Circulation Air-cooling and Air-heating Coils

g.

495

Refrigerant Liquid Receivers

h.

520

Positive
Displacement
Refrigerant
Compressor Units and Condensing Units

i.

710

Liquid-line Dryers

j.

760

Solenoid Valves for Use with Volatile Refrigerants

k.

Directory of Certified Applied Air Conditioning Products

l.

Directory of Certified Unitary Air Conditioners

m.

Directory of Certified Unitary Heat Pumps

Compressors,

ASTM - American Society for Testing and Materials:


a.

A 53

Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-dipped, Zinc-coated,


Welded and Seamless

b.

A 167

Stainless and Heat-resisting Chromium-Nickel Steel


Plate, Sheet, and Strip

c.

A 123

Zinc-coating (Hot-Dip Galvanized) Coating on Iron


and Steel Products

d.

A 525

Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) by the HotDip Process

e.

A 527

Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) by the HotDip Process, Lock-Forming Quality

f.

B 88

Seamless Copper Water Tube

g.

B 117

Method of Salt Spray (Fog) Testing

h.

B 209

Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate

i.

B 210

Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

6.

7.

8.

9.

May 2014

j.

B 280

Seamless Copper Tube for Air- Conditioning and


Refrigeration Field Service

k.

C 534

Preformed Flexible Elastomeric Cellular Thermal


Insulation in Sheet and Tubular Form

l.

E 84

Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of


Building Materials

NEMA - National Electrical Manufacturers Association:


a.

ICS 1

General Standards for Industrial Control and Systems

b.

MG 2

Safety Standard for Construction and Guide for


Selection, Installation and Use of Electric Motors and
Generators

NFPA - National Fire Protection Association:


a.

70

National Electrical Code

b.

90 A

Installation
Systems

c.

90 B

Installation of Warm Air Heating and Air Conditioning


Systems

of

Air

Conditioning

and

Ventilating

SMACNA - Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractors National


Association:
a.

Low Pressure Duct Construction Standards

b.

High Pressure Duct Construction Standards

UL - Underwriters Laboratories:
a.

484

Room Air Conditioners

b.

1096 Electric Central Air Heating Equipment

c.

900

Test Performance of Air Filter Units

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

1.3

SUBMITTALS

A.

Product Data: Submit descriptive literature, on equipment specified itemizing and


detailing all relevant data including but not limited to performance capacity
charts, tables, and accessories.

B.

Shop Drawings: Include the following:

C.

1.

Performance capacities and certifications of the unit, fan, and coil coils.

2.

Dimensional data.

3.

Unit arrangements and installation layouts, and methods.

4.

Unit electrical characteristics and wiring diagram.

Maintenance Manuals:
Submit maintenance and operating manuals in
accordance with Section 01750.

PART 2 PRODUCTS
2.1

GENERAL

A.

All goods and products covered by these specifications shall be procured, when
available, from an in-kingdom manufacturer: Procurement of all goods and
products manufactured out-of-kingdom must be approved by the Royal
Commission.

B.

Capacity: The capacity and performance of equipment shall not be less than that
shown on the Contract drawings.

C.

Electrical Work: Electrical motor driven equipment specified herein shall be


provided complete with motors, motor starters and controls. Motor starters shall
be provided complete with properly sized thermal overload protection and other
components necessary for the motor control specified. Manual or automatic
control and protective devices shall be provided as required for the operation
herein specified and any control wiring required for controls and devices but not
indicated.

D.

Corrosion Prevention: Unless specified otherwise, equipment fabricated from


ferrous metals that do not have a zinc (hot-dip) coating shall have a coating
conforming to ASTM A 123 with baked finish coat of polyester, epoxy polyester,
or epoxy. The factory coating shall be capable of withstanding a salt-spray fog
test, 125 hours indoors and 500 hours for equipment located outdoors. The salt
spray fog test shall be in accordance with ASTM B 117 using a 20 percent

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

sodium chloride solution. Immediately after completion of the test, the coating
shall show no signs of blistering, wrinkling or cracking, no loss of adhesion, and
the specimen shall show no signs of rust creepage beyond 3 mm on either side
of the scratch mark. The film thickness of the factory coating or paint system
applied on the equipment, shall be not less than film thickness used on the test
specimen.
E.

2.2
A.

Safety Standards:
1.

The design, manufacture and installation of mechanical refrigeration


equipment shall be in accordance with ASHRAE 15.

2.

Drive mechanism and other moving parts shall be fully guarded in


accordance with ANSI B 15.1. Guards shall be fabricated from steel and
expanded metal, rigidly mounted and readily removed without
disassembly.

MINI-SPLIT AIR CONDITIONERS


General:
1.

Mini-split air conditioners shall consist of indoor evaporator blower unit


and outdoor remote air cooled condensing unit.

2.

The two units shall be designed to be used together and ratings shall be
based on the use of the matched assemblies.

3.

The mini-split units shall be designed, constructed and rated in


accordance with ARI standards.

4.

Performance diagrams shall be provided for units with capacities not


certified by ARI to demonstrate that the components of the air conditioning
system furnished will satisfy requirement specified or indicated on the
Contract drawings.

5.

Each unit shall be provided with a factory operating charge of refrigerant


and oil or a holding charge.

6.

Where units are shipped with refrigerant holdings charge, the system shall
be completely charged in the field.

7.

The outdoor and indoor units shall conform to the requirements of ARI 210
and UL 465.

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

B.

C.

Evaporator Blower Unit (Indoor Unit):


1.

The evaporator-blower unit shall include; cooling coil, electric heating coil,
expansion device, blower, 25 mm cleanable air filter, condensate pan,
drain and controls. The exposed type unit shall have enameled finish
casing.

2.

Blower shall be quiet conforming to AMCA 210, specifically designed to be


suitable for the opening pressure and shall have either greaseable or
permanently lubricated ball or roller bearings.

3.

Fans assembly shall be both statically and dynamically balanced in the fan
housing and final assembly.

4.

Fan motors shall conform to NEMA MG2. Motor starter shall conform to
NEMA ICS 1, and shall be magnetic across-the line type with weatherresistance enclosed. Motor shall be totally enclose type.

5.

Motor starters shall be magnetic across-the-line with weather resistance


enclosure.

6.

The control box shall include multi-speed selector switch.

Condensing Unit (Outdoor Unit).


The condensing unit shall be a complete package, factory assembled electrically
operated unit, consisting of weather proof housing and vibration mounting
hermitic type compressor, air cooled condenser, condenser fan and motor, and
the necessary structure frame, valves, piping, wiring and control. Condenser coils
shall be of copper fins and copper tubes.

2.3
A.

ROOF TYPE AIR CONDITIONERS


General: Roof type air conditioners shall be designed, constructed, assembled,
rated, and tested in accordance with ARI 210 and 360 and ANSI. Unit shall have
capacities to meet the design conditions specified or indicated. The unit shall be
a factory packaged cooling or combination heating and cooling single zone unit
as indicated and shall be suitable for mounting on roof of building. The package
shall consist of one or more refrigerant compressors with electric motors, cooling
coils, condensers, fans, filters, heating coils, control wiring and piping, all factory
assembled in a weather proof enclosure mounted on a structural steel base
ready for field connection to utilities and ducts. The package unit shall be
sufficiently rigid and shall be arranged to permit handling by a crane boom or by
helicopter. The unit shall be provided with remote control panel, roof curbs and
flashing, and transition plenums.

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

B.

Performance Rating: Cooling capacity of unit shall meet both the sensible heat
requirements and total heat requirements indicated. In selecting unit size, true
allowance shall be made for "sensible to total heat ratio" to satisfy required
sensible cooling capacity. Submittals shall include catalogue selection data
which accounts for sensible to total heat ratio, entering air-conditions at
evaporator and condenser entering air conditions.

C.

Unit Enclosures:
1.

Enclosure shall be of steel not less than 1 mm thickness, with removable


access panels completely weatherized for outside installation, and
properly reinforced and braced. Panels and access door shall be provided
for inspection and access to all internal parts. Enclosure shall be provided
with adequate reinforced points of supports for setting of the unit. Joints
shall be air and watertight. Steel sheet zinc coated galvanized by the hotdip process, lock forming quality conforming to ASTM A 527 commercial
weight G-90 followed by approved epoxy top coat system.

2.

Single Zone units shall be arranged to draw air through filter and cooling
and heating passages. Air may be blown or drawn through heating
passages.

D.

Compressors: Hermetic or semirehmetic type conforming to ARI with all the


minimum standard equipment and accessories listed therein. Compressor speed
for compressors above 70 kW shall not exceed 1750 r/min. Compressors shall
be provided with cylinder unloading for automatic capacity reduction of at least
50 percent for units over 35 kW. Compressors shall start unloaded. If standard
with the manufacturer, two or more compressors, but not more than four may be
provided in lieu of a single compressor with cylinder unloading, in which case
capacity reduction shall be accomplished by sequence operation of the
compressors or combination of the two methods. Each compressor shall be
provided with independent refrigerant circuit. If compressors are paralleled, not
less than two independent refrigerant circuits shall be provided.
Each
compressor shall have devices to protect the compressor from short-cycling
whenever the compressors are shut-down by the safety controls. A pump-down
cycle of the non-recycling start type shall be provided for each compressor 35
kW and over. Compressors shall be provided with vibration isolators. Units shall
be provided with a hot-gas muffler to reduce noise from pulsation.

E.

Compressor motor shall be suitable for electric power characteristics as shown


on Contract drawings. Motor shall conform to NEMA MG 2. Motor starters shall
conform to NEMA ICS 1, motor shall be constant-speed, squirrel-cage induction,
hermetically sealed, low-starting-current, high-torque type, and shall be furnished
with magnetic across-the-line type motor starter with general-purpose enclosure.

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

Compressor shall be driven by a V-belt drive or direct-connected through a


flexible coupling. Flexible couplings are not required on hermetic units. V-belt
drives shall be designed for not less than 150 percent of driving motor capacity.
Flexible couplings shall not require lubrications.
F.

Entire refrigerant circuit shall be dehydrated, purged, and charged with


refrigerant and oil at factory. Factory oil change shall be full amount required for
operation.

G.

Air-cooled Condensers:

H.

1.

Air-cooled condensers shall be enclosed within unit housing and consist of


coils, fans, and electric motor. The saturated refrigerant temperature shall
not be over 75C. Air-cooled condenser may be used for refrigerant
storage in lieu of a separate receiver, if condenser storage capacity is 20
percent in excess of fully charged system. Condenser shall be provided
with a start-up control package which permits start-up of compressor
regardless of low ambient temperatures. Package shall temporarily
bypass system low pressure whenever minimum ambient temperature is
below design evaporator coil suction temperature.

2.

Condenser coils shall be extended surface fin-and-tube type with


seamless copper tubes and copper fins.

Condensing Coils for Multi-compressors:


1.

A separate air-cooled condenser shall be provided for each compressor in


multi-compressor installations. If compressors are paralleled, not less
than two independent circuits shall be provided. A common housing may
be used, if each coil is provided with separate controls to operate
individual fans for coil. All coils shall have sub-cooler and receiver.

2.

Condenser coils shall be extended-surface fin-and- tube type and shall be


seamless copper tubes with copper fins. Fins shall be soldered or
mechanically bonded to tubes and installed in a metal casing. Coil shall
be air-tested underwater for leakage. After testing, coils shall be dried to
remove free moisture and capped to prevent entrance of foreign matter.
Coils shall be evacuated and sealed at factory.

3.

Fans shall be either centrifugal or propeller driven as best suited for


application. Fans shall be directly connected to motor shaft, or indirectly
connected to motor by means of V-belt drive. Adjustable sheave shall be
provided. Fans shall be statistically and dynamically balanced.

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

4.

I.

Motors shall conform to NEMA MG 2. Motor starters shall conform to


NEMA ICS 1. Motors shall be totally enclosed type so located within an
enclosure to be fully protected from weather. Motor starters shall be
magnetic across-the-line type with general-purpose or weather-resistant
enclosure. Thermal protection shall be manual or automatic reset type.

Condenser Controls:
1.

Head pressure control shall be provided to ensure condensing


temperature for proper system operation at all ambient temperatures down
to 0C.

2.

Air Volume Control: On a decrease in refrigerant discharge pressure,


volume-control dampers shall modulate to control airflow over condenser
coil. Solid state variable speed fan motor controller may be provided in
lieu of volume dampers to control air flow over coil. Condensers with
multiple fans may be provided with fan cycling control to cycle one of two
fans, two of three fans, or four of five fans in response to outdoor
temperature. Control shall be set for minimum of 35C saturated
refrigerant condensing temperature.

J.

Drain pans shall be provided under the cooling coil section and shall be adequate
to catch all condensate leaving the coil at highest published face velocity. Drain
pan shall have at least one drain connection at low point in drain pan.

K.

Insulation shall be supplied in sufficient thickness and density to prevent


condensate from forming on the unit casing from air entrance at coils to air outlet
of unit, including framing angles exposed to air stream. Insulation shall meet the
requirements of NFPA 90A and be protected against deterioration and
delamination from air currents. Condensate drain pan shall be insulated with
water impervious insulation with sufficient thickness to prevent condensate
formation on the exterior at ambient conditions to be encountered.

L.

Evaporator fans shall be forward curved type or backward inclined centrifugal


type specifically designed and suitable for the operating pressure. Fans shall be
provided with adjustable motor mounting base with locking device to secure base
in proper position. Fans shall have adjustable pitch pulleys. Pulleys shall be
selected at approximate midpoint of the adjustable range. Fan shafts shall not
pass through their first critical speed when unit comes up to rated r/min. Units
shall have sealed, permanently lubricated ball or roller fan bearings. Fan
assemblies shall be statistically and dynamically balanced in the fan housing and
final assembly. Fan motors shall conform to NEMA MG 2. Motor starters shall
conform to NEMA ICS 1. Motors shall be totally enclosed type. Motor starters
shall be magnetic across-the-line type with general purpose or weather-resistant
enclosure.

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

M.

Coil Sections:
1.

All heating and cooling coils shall be contained within a common or


individual casing as required. The coil section shall be designed to permit
coils to be removed and shall have baffles to prevent air bypass around
coils. Cooling coil sections shall have condensate pans and drain
connection of sufficient size to remove coil condensate. The casing and
drain pan shall be insulated as specified under paragraph 2.3.K. Where
reheat coils are furnished, provisions shall be made to allow simultaneous
dehumidification and reheating at maximum published cooling face
velocity.

2.

Heating and cooling coils shall conform to ARI 410, and to paragraph 2.4
entitled, "Heating Electric Coils".

N.

Filter boxes shall be provided with either hinged access door or removable
panels. Filter boxes shall have racks for filters arranged for flat or angle pattern.
Filters shall be the type indicated and shall conform to paragraph 2.5 entitled,
"Filters".

O.

Mixing boxes shall be of physical size to match the basic unit and shall include
equal sized flanged openings, each sized to handle full air flow. Arrangement of
openings shall be as indicated. Openings shall be provided with dampers of
opposed blade type. Damper shafts shall be connected together by one
continuous linkage bar. Dampers shall be arranged for automatic or manual
operation and so that when on starts to close from its opened position, the other
starts to open from its closed position.

P.

A complete packaged control system shall be provided as required for the safe
and proper operation of each unit including high and low pressure cutout
switches and a combination heating/cooling thermostat with "heat-off- cool" and
"fan-auto-on" switches on the thermostats. All other controls including motor
starters and safety controls shall be mounted inside the enclosure, and all wiring
thereof shall be factory wired.

Q.

Automatic temperature controls including materials control devices, installation


and sequence of operation shall be as specified in Section 15902, Temperature
Control Systems ".

2.4
A.

HEATING ELECTRIC COILS


All goods and products covered by these specifications shall be procured, when
available from in-kingdom manufacturer. Procurement of all goods and products

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

manufactured out-of-kingdom manufacturer must be approved by the Royal


Commission.
B.

Air heater casing shall be manufactured from galvanized sheet steel not less
than 2 mm thick, mounted on angle iron frames for bolting to the packaged units
or in the ductwork as shown on the drawing.

C.

The air flow velocity through electric heater batteries shall not exceed 3 M/S.

D.

The heater elements of the package units shall be for 3 phase connection as
required and the steps of control shall be arranged to maintain balance across
the phases as indicated on electrical drawings.

The heater elements of zone heaters shall be single phase or 3 phase.

F.

Electric air heaters shall be of the sheathed type with finned metal casings (open
wire elements fitted to or on ceramic frames will not be acceptable). They shall
be complete with no-airflow, no-heat and high limit safety cut-out switch. The
elements shall be manufactured from nickel chromium resistance wire centered
in a copper tube sheathed by means of compressed magnesium oxide, and
limited to a load density of 3 x 10 watts/m 2. Heater batteries shall be provided
with step controllers for stage operation as indicated on electrical drawings.

G.

The internal wiring shall terminate in a terminal block and a wiring diagram of the
heater showing the terminal and the element connections shall be provided
within the terminal box cover. The terminal box shall be fitted with a gland for
electric cable connection.

H.

Each electric heater shall be fitted with a high temperature cut-out thermostat
with an insertion probe of at least half the heater width. The cut-out shall be set
to limit the heater surface temperature of the elements to 100C.

2.5

FILTERS

A.

Filters to filter fresh air and return air shall be located as indicated inside air
conditioners, inside filter box, inside combination air-filter mixing box. Filters
shall be replaceable throwaway type. Filters shall conform to UL 900.

B.

Filters shall conform to FS F-F-310a and shall be throw- away frames and media,
permanent frames and replaceable media type, 50 mm thick, Grade B, high dust
holding capacity. Holding frames shall be fabricated from not less than 1.5 mm
galvanized steel. Each holding frame shall be equipped with suitable cell holding
devices, and gasket cell seats. Where indicated or required, filter bank shall be
erected, and all joints shall be airtight.

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

C.

All air filters shall have a minimum atmospheric dust spot efficiency of 30 percent
based upon ASHRAE standards.

D.

Inclined-type manometers shall be provided for filter stations of 3,400 m 3/h


capacity or larger including filters furnished as integral parts of air handling units
and filters installed separately. Manometers shall be of sufficient length to read
at least 2.5 m of water gauge, shall be graduated in 2.5 mm and equipped with
spirit level. Each manometer shall be equipped with over- pressure safety traps
to prevent loss of oil, and two three-way vent valves for checking zero setting.

2.6
A.

B.

C.

D.

REFRIGERANT PIPING AND ACCESSORIES


General:
1.

Material and dimensional requirements for piping, fittings, valves and


accessories shall conform to ANSI B 9.1 and B 31.5 except as herein
specified.

2.

Piping, fittings, valves and accessories shall be delivered to Work Site


cleaned, dehydrated and sealed.

Field Assembled Piping:


1.

Piping shall be seamless copper hand drawn tubing conforming to ASTM


B 42 Type K.

2.

Soft annealed copper tubing conforming to ASTM B 280 may be used


where flare connections are required in nominal sizes less than 25 mm
only.

Fittings:
1.

Fittings for copper tubing shall conform to ANSI B 16.22

2.

Bronze flanges shall conform to ANSI B 16.21.

3.

Refrigerant flared tube fittings shall conform to ANSI B 70.1.

Refrigeration Valves:
Valves shall be designed, manufactured, and tested specifically for the service in
all respects including materials. Internal parts shall be removable for inspection
or replacement without the necessity of applying heat or breaking pipe
connections. Direction of flow shall be legibly and permanently indicated on the
valve body.

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

1.

Globe and Angle Refrigerant Valves: Valves shall be forged brass or


bronze alloy with packed stem and seal cap. Packless type valves with
hand wheels and forged brass or bronze alloy bodies with brazing ends
may be used in sizes up to and including 22 mm. Bonnets shall be
replaceable with the valve in place. All refrigerant valves shall be
backseating type to allow repacking under pressure.

2.

Check Valves: Valves shall be swing or lift type, designed for low pressure
drop. Body shall be forged brass or bronze alloy with brazing ends.
Valves shall be tight closing and silent operating.

3.

Relief Valves, Safety, Refrigerant: Valves shall have bodies of forged


brass or bronze and nonferrous corrosion resistant internal working parts.
Valves shall have either female threaded or brazing connections.

4.

Valves shall be installed on refrigeration systems and set in accordance


with ANSI B 9.1. Manufacturer's published air discharge capacity ratings
of relief valves shall be submitted.

5.

Solenoid Valves, Refrigerant: Valves shall be of the two-position, direct


acting or pilot operated types, opened or closed electrically as specified
for use with liquid or gas. Valves shall conform to ARI 760. Valves shall
be designed for the pressure drop required and as listed by ARI 760 for
the service. Valves shall have seal capped manual opening stems and
shall be constructed so that they may be serviced without removing from
the line. Each valve shall include a coil housing, stem and plunger or
piston assembly nonmagnetic to the plug, stainless steel enclosing tube,
seat and plunger, and inlet and outlet indications on the body.
Manufacturer's published ratings and maximum operating pressure
differential shall be submitted. The coil housing shall include a moistureproof coil in a metal housing with electrical wires extending through a
female pipe tap conduit connection. Coils shall be wired for the electrical
current used and be capable of withstanding the temperature of the liquid
or gas encountered plus the heat from the coil for the longest running time
expected. Bodies, stems and pistons shall be of a material that will not
corrode or pit when used in the refrigerant systems. Threads on valves
with threaded connections shall conform to American Standard National
Pipe Thread (NPT) in accordance with ANSI B 2.1 or B 2.2. Pilot operated
valves with floating piston shall be used on 12.5 mm or larger port size
valves. Valves in sizes 32 mm and larger shall have tongue and grooved
flange connections with companion flanges brazed to piping. Sizes 5 mm
and smaller may either have female thread connections or the valve may
be nonferrous with brazing connections.

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

E.

Strainers shall be single type with brass bodies. Direction of flow shall be
permanently indicated on the body. The screen cover shall be flanged and bolted
for pipe sizes 25 mm and larger and for smaller sizes the cover may be flanged
and bolted or screwed. The body shall be constructed to provide adequate
storage area for foreign material without excessive pressure drop. Free area of
the screen shall be not less than 5 times the area of the strainer inlet pipe.
Screen mesh size shall be not less than 80 for liquid refrigerant lines of 25 mm in
diameter and not less than 60 for line sizes over 25 mm in diameter. Screen
mesh sizes shall be not more than 40 for refrigerant suction lines. Strainer
screens shall be reinforced with 8 or 10 wire mesh screen. Brazed strainer and
screen joints shall be brazed with silver solder.

F.

Refrigerant dryers shall be solid desiccant type. Water capacity flow rate
capacity within the specified pressure drop, and safety shall conform to ARI 710.
Dryers 820 ml and larger shall be the cartridge refillable type, and provided with a
valve bypass of the same size as the liquid line. Drier body shall be of brass or
steel and have means for holding the desiccant securely in place and distributing
the liquid refrigerant evenly throughout the desiccant. Dryers may be of the
combination drier-indicator type.

G.

Moisture indicators in the liquid line of refrigerant systems shall contain indicating
material that will indicate, by varying degrees of color change, based on 38
degrees K, a moisture content in the range of 10 to 30 ppm in R12; 25 to 90 ppm
in R502, and 45 to 180 ppm in R22. Indicators shall be a brass or bronze or
heavily copper plated steel fitting, with the indicator material located under a
bullseye. Indicators shall be capable of withstanding a test pressure of 2400 kPa
without damage.

H.

Sight glasses shall be of nonferrous material, unless combined as a part of the


moisture indicator. Cover caps shall be provided. Sight glass indicators shall be
capable of withstanding a test pressure of 2400 kPa without damage. Sight
glass body shall be forged brass or bronze with fittings as specified for the piping.

I.

Provide pipe sleeves for all pipes and tubing which penetrate the building
structure. Sleeves shall be securely retained in position and location before and
during construction. Space between pipe and sleeves, or between insulation of
pipe and sleeves, shall be not less than 6 mm between outside of pipe or
insulation, and inside wall of sleeves. Pack the annular space with hemp or fiber
glass, and seal with elastic cement. Sleeves for uninsulated pipes shall have
ends flush with finished wall surfaces and the pipe or tubing shall be provided as
above, with outside perimeter of pipe calked to the sleeve. Extend sleeves for
insulated pipes 13 mm from the wall faces insulation with mastic. Extend sleeves
for lines passing through floors 8 cm above finished floor slab, and calk to the
slab. Provide lines passing through roof areas with necessary flashing and
counter flashing to provide a water-tight roof seal.

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

J.
2.7

Pipe sleeves in equipment room walls, floors, and roof shall be as specified
under section entitled, "Vibration Isolation of Equipment".
AUTOMATIC DAMPERS
Automatic dampers shall be factory fabricated balanced type. Blades shall be
formed from zinc-coated steel or extruded aluminum with factory assembly
linkage, mounted in bar or channel frames of galvanized steel or extruded
aluminum. Blades mounted vertically shall be supported by thrust bearings.
Blades shall have interlocking edges or compressible seals at point of contact
and seals shall be replaceable. Dampers seals shall be suitable for an operating
range of 0 to 104C. Rectangular dampers 300 mm or more in a direction
perpendicular to the axis shall be sectionalized. Width of blades shall not exceed
200 mm. Blades shall have steel trunnions, or extruded aluminum trunnions with
antifriction sleeves, mounted in bronze sleeve, nylon, or ball bearings. Blades
shall not exceed 1200 mm in length. Dampers more than 0.38 m 2 in area shall
have corner bracing. Operating links on connecting rods transmitting motion
from damper motors to dampers shall withstand a load equal to at least twice the
maximum damper operating force without appreciable bronze or steel. Steel
links shall be galvanized or cadmium plated. Working parts of joints shall be
brass, bronze, or stainless steel. All parts of damper shall be finished with two
coats of rust inhibitive paint or shall be galvanized. Dampers, when closed, shall
not leak more than 0.50 percent based on 10 m/s at 100 mm water gauge static
pressure. Dampers shall be installed with operators having sufficient power to
limit leakage to the rate specified. Dampers shall be selected for correct flow
characteristics as required by each individual application. Modulating dampers,
under actual operating conditions, shall result in a linear relationship between air
flow and operating range.

2.8

HEAT PIPES ENERGY RECOVERY

A.

Where shown on drawings, air conditioning system shall be equipped with heat
pipes to precool the fresh air. The precool heat pipe shall be located immediately
before the cooling coil. External piping shall be located within a removable,
insulated galvanized steel enclosure. When possible, all inter-connecting piping
shall be located at the end of the cooling coil opposite from the coil header and
piping connections.

B.

All of the heat pipe circuits shall be equipped with solenoid operated control
valves to control the operation of the circuits.

C.

The heat pipe manufacturer shall have a minimum of 3 years of experience in


designing and installing heat pipes.

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

D.

The tubes shall be copper, of specific design for heat pipe application,
permanently expanded onto the fin collar to form a firm, rigid, and complete
pressure contact at all operating conditions. The individual heat pipe modules
shall be made of UL listed components. Aluminum tubes will not be allowed.

E.

The fin surface shall be continuous plate type copper fins of specific design to
produce maximum heat transfer efficiency for heat pipe applications. The heat
pipe modules shall have manufacturers standard protective coating.

F.

Heat transfer fluid shall be R-22, hermetically sealed and tested.

G.

Heat pipe performance shall be verifiable to ENV 1216 or equivalent standards.

H.

The heat pipes shall be installed as shown on the drawings.

I.

Frames, mounting structure, and drain pan extensions shall be minimum 20


gauge stainless steel.

PART 3 EXECUTION
3.1
A.

3.2
A.

B.

INSPECTION
The Contractor shall inspect all products for damage immediately before
installation. Any products that are damaged or not in accordance with the
Specifications shall immediately be repaired or removed from the site and
replaced.
INSTALLATION
General:
1.

The air conditioning system shall be installed in strict accordance with the
manufacturer's recommendations and in accordance with all applicable
codes and standards listed in paragraph 1.2.

2.

The air conditioning system shall be installed as shown on the Contract


drawings and on the approved shop drawings.

Equipment:
1.

May 2014

Equipment shall be installed strictly in accordance with the manufacturers


recommendations and Section 15050, "Equipment Installation".

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

2.
C.

D.

Room air conditioners shall be pitched to ensure condensate drain to drain


pan without overflow.

Vibration Isolation:
1.

Vibration isolation for piping and equipment shall be in accordance with


Section 15050.

2.

Room air conditioners shall be installed in such a manner that no vibration


is transmitted through the building structure.

Refrigerant Piping and Accessories:


1.

Refrigeration piping and accessories shall be installed in accordance with


ANSI B 9.1 and B 31.5.

E.

Auxiliary drain pans shall be installed under all drain pans of units located above
finished ceilings or over mechanical or electrical equipment where condensate
overflow over unit drain may cause damage to ceilings, piping, and equipment
below. Drain lines shall be installed for all drain and auxiliary drain pans. The
drain shall be trapped from bottom pan of air-conditioning units to ensure
complete pan drainage. Drain lines shall be full size of opening.

F.

Air filters shall be installed so that access space for servicing the filters is
provided. Filters shall be installed with suitable sealing to prevent bypassing of
air.

G.

Inspection plates and test holes where required in casings for air balance
measurements shall conform to SMACNA Low Velocity Duct Construction
Standards. Test holes shall be a factory-fabricated, airtight, noncorrosive and
with screw cap and gasket. Cap shall be extended through insulation.

3.3

FIELD TESTS AND INSPECTIONS

A.

All tests shall be performed and materials and equipment required for tests shall
be furnished by the Contractor. Equipment and material certified as having been
successfully tested by the manufacturer in accordance with referenced
specifications and standards will not require retesting before installation.
Equipment and materials not tested at the place of manufacturer shall be tested
before or after installation, as applicable, where necessary to determine
compliance with referenced codes and standards.

B.

Upon completion of installation of the air conditioning equipment, all factory and
field refrigerant piping shall be tested with an electronic-type leak detector to
acquire a leak tight refrigerant system. If leaks are detected at the time of

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Contract No. PIC F 8159

installation or during the Warranty period, the entire refrigerant charge shall be
removed from the system, the leaks repaired and the system rested.
C.

After system is found to be without leaks, the system shall be evacuated using a
reliable gauge and a vacuum pump capable of pulling a vacuum of at least 1 mm
Hg absolute. The system shall be evacuated in strict accordance with the tripleevacuation and blotter method or in strict accordance with equipment
manufacturer's printed instructions. System leak testing, evacuation, dehydration,
and charging with refrigerant shall conform with ARI 260.

D.

The air conditioning system and its components shall be started and initially
placed under operation and checked to see that it is functioning correctly. Safety
and automatic control instruments shall be adjusted as necessary to place them
in proper operation and sequence. The operational test shall be not less than
eight hours.

E.

Upon completion of evacuation, charging, start-up, final leak testing, and proper
adjustment of controls, the system shall be performance tested to demonstrate
that it complies with the performance and capacity requirements of the
Specifications and Contract drawings. The system shall be tested for not less
than eight hours, during which time hourly readings shall be recorded. At the end
of the test period, the readings shall be averaged and the average shall be
considered to be the system performance. The following readings shall be taken:

F.

3.4
A.

1.

Refrigerant compressor suction and discharge pressures.

2.

Voltage and current each motor.

3.

Air quantities

4.

Cooling coil entering and leaving air temperatures

5.

Ambient temperatures

Sound pressure level measurements shall be conducted on each unit. Sound


power levels shall be calculated by ASHRAE Systems Handbook. Test results
and calculations shall be submitted to the Royal Commission.
TESTING AND BALANCING
The unitary air conditioning systems shall be tested and balanced in accordance
with Section 15040, "Systems Adjusting, Testing and Balancing".
+ + END OF SECTION 15652 + +

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Contract No. PIC F 8159