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ASME B16.5

Chapter Three

ASME B16.5-1996 Pipe Flanges and


Flanged Fittings

Do Not Duplicate
These course notes have been prepared by TWI, strictly for the use of attendees to this TWI API570 Examination Preparation Course. This manual is to be used as an aid to assist those persons wishing
to take the API-570 Piping Inspector Certification Examination. This manual is not all-inclusive and may
not be used in place of any recognized Code or Standard. This manual may not be reproduced by any
means without the express written consent of TWI.

THE WELDING INSTITUTE

SECTION 1 SCOPE
1.1

General
ASME / ANSI B 16.5 covers:

pressure-temperature ratings,
materials, dimensions,
tolerances,
marking,
testing, and
methods of designating openings for pipe flanges fitting NPS through NPS
24.

NOTE: NPS Nominal Pipe Size, below 6 inch = o.d. above 6 inch = i.d.
Definitions
No definitions are present in ASME / ANSI B 16.5 so the following is a nonexhaustive list of common flange and fitting terminology.
Flange:

A single disc or a protruding disc


extension on a body with holes
to accept bolts or with holes
drilled and tapped into its
surface with Tap End Studs
installed, with a sealing means,
used to join pressure containing
equipment.

Flange, ANSI: A flange specified in American


National Standards Institute
published standards.

REV.002

Flange, API:

A flange specified, now or in the


past, in American Petroleum
Institute published standards.

Flange,
Adapter:

Any flange that will connect


between two other flanges that
would otherwise not connect.
Usually a Double Studded
Adapter (DSA), or a Single
Studded Adapter (SSA).

ASME B 16.5
Copyright TWI Ltd 2008

THE WELDING INSTITUTE

REV.002

Flange, Blind:

A flange with no centre opening,


designed to close off an outlet or
end connection.

Flange, End
Connection:

A flange integral with a body


(e.g. spacer spool, etc.) with an
opposite integral connection.

Flange, Flat
Face:

Most common uses are for


mating with non-steel flanges on
bodies of pumps etc.

Flange,
Instrument:

A flange, usually made as a


spacer with a ring groove on
both sides to go between two
other flanges, with special
tapped connections through its
side (O.D.), to facilitate the
injection or sampling of fluid or
the measurement of pressure.

Flange,
Integral:

A flange made as part of a Body


or attached to a body by
welding. The flange Material
conforms to specification
requirements for integral
flanges.

Flange, MSS:

A flange specified in
Manufacturing Standardization
Society, Standard Practice SP44. Used by manufacturers of
Diverters in 30" 500 and 30"
1000 psi working pressure.

Flange, Open
Face:

A flange connection with


through bolt holes. An open face
flange will mate with another
open face flange or with a
Studded Face Flange.

ASME B 16.5
Copyright TWI Ltd 2008

THE WELDING INSTITUTE

Flange, RTJ:

Flange,
Raised Face:

REV.002

A flange that utilizes a Ring


Gasket has the designation "Ring
Type Joint", abbreviated "RTJ"
in flange standards other than
API Spec. 6A. All API Spec. 6A
flanges have "Ring Type Joint"
sealing surfaces.
The raised face is used in 80% of
all flanges. The face height
varies depending on certain
ranges in pressure.

Flange Series:

An out of date term, applied in


the past to API flanges now
described in terms of working
pressure.

Flange, Slip
On:

A flange fillet welded to the pipe

Flange,
Spacer:

A flange, made with a ring joint


connection on both sides, to go
between two other flanges to
space them apart for some
special purpose.

Flange,
Studded Face:

A flange connection with the


bolt circles drilled and tapped
into its face so as to accept Tap
End Studs (e.g. the connections
on a Studded Cross). A studded
face flange will mate only with
an Open Face Flange.

Flange, Test:

A flange with a tapped port in its


centre or side to allow
application of pressure or
attachment of a gauge.

ASME B 16.5
Copyright TWI Ltd 2008

THE WELDING INSTITUTE

Flange,
Threaded:

A flange with an internal or


external thread opposite its Ring
Groove side to mate with
standard threaded pipe.

Flange, Weld
Neck:

A flange with a butt weld neck


for welding attachment to pipe
or tubing. Material may vary
from that required for Integral
Flanges in order to facilitate
field welding.

SECTION 2 PRESSURE-TEMPERATURE RATINGS


This section is general information on flange temperature and pressure ratings based on the
type of flange, bolting and gasketing.

SECTION 3 SIZE
3.1

Nominal Size
The size of flanges are covered by the nominal pipe size, NPS.
NOTE: The new form for this designation is NPS 6, which was commonly 6 pipe.

SECTION 4 MARKING
4.1

General
Flanges shall be marked as required in MSS SP-25.
The following shall be marked on the flange:

REV.002

Manufacturers name or trademark


Material
cast - ASTM specification
plate - ASTM specification
Rating Class
Designation (B16 if conforms to this standard)
Temperature (none required)
Size
ASME B 16.5
Copyright TWI Ltd 2008

THE WELDING INSTITUTE

The letter R if Ring Joint Flange


SECTION 5 MATERIALS

5.1

General
The materials for flanges and flanged fittings have been grouped, see Tables 1 and 2.
NOTE: the groups are not numbered consecutively.

5.2

Bolting
This section covers general bolting, (Table 1B) high strength bolting, intermediate
strength bolting, low strength bolting, bolting to gray cast iron flanges and gaskets,
Table 1B.

SECTION 6 DIMENSIONS
Dimensions for wall thickness, local areas, center-to-center and center-to-end flanges
and fittings. Faces and types, lapped joints, raised face, tongue and groove, ring joint,
blind flanges and flanges facing finishes are generally discussed in this section. Bolt
holes, spot facing, welding end preparation reducing flanges, threads and gaskets are
also highlighted.

SECTION 7 TOLERANCES
Tolerances for center-to-center and center-to-end flanges and fittings. Faces and
types, lapped joints, raised face, tongue and groove, ring joint, hub dimensions and
bore of flanges are generally discussed in this section.

SECTION 8 TEST
General test information about testing flanged fittings. Flanges are not required to be
hydrostatically tested.

The rest of this document is tables and diagrams used for references and
dimensions of flanges and flanged fittings.

REV.002

ASME B 16.5
Copyright TWI Ltd 2008

THE WELDING INSTITUTE

ASME B16.5 PRACTICE QUESTIONS


1.

ASME B 16.5 does not cover :


a. Class 150 flanges
b. Class 300 flanged fittings
c. Butt welded pipe caps
d. All of the above

2.

The maximum hydrostatic test pressure permitted for a flange in a system hydrostatic test is :
a. Not required
b. Conducted at 1.5 x class rating @ 100 0 F
c. Conducted at 25 psi above class rating
d. Required only for welded flanges

3.

"High strength" bolting is described as equivalent to :


a. ASTM A 193 B5
b. ASTM A 193 B7
c. ASTM 320 GR 8
d. Any high carbon steel bolt

4.

The pressure class ratings covered by ASME B16.5 are


a. 150, 300, 400, 600, 900, 1500, 2500
b. 150, 300, 400, 450,600,900,1500
c. 125, 150, 300, 400, 600, 900, 1500, 2500
d. 150, 300, 400, 600, 700, 900, 1000, 1500
The standard finish for raised face flanges per ASME B16.5 is :
a. 250 to 500 / inch
b. 125 to 250 / inch
c. 260 mm to 500 mm / inch
d. 250 / mm to 500 / mm

5.

6.

Socket weld and threaded flanges are not recommended for service beyond the following temperatures
if thermal cycles are involved :
a. 20 6500F
b. 30 6000 F
c. 50 5000F
d. 50 5000F

7.

"Low strength " bolting is "


a. 30 KSI yield strength
b. 30 KSI yield strength
c. 30 KSI tensile strength
d. 100 KSI yield strength

8.

Ring joint sidewall surfaces ( gasket groove ) must not exceed ______________roughness.
a. 50 / in
b. 63 / in
c. 100 /in
d. 63 mm / in

9.

Which of the following items must be marked on all flanges or flanged fittings?
a. Temperature
b. Actual working pressure
c. ASTM material specification
d. Hydrotest pressure

REV.002

ASME B 16.5
Copyright TWI Ltd 2008

THE WELDING INSTITUTE


10. When used above ________ 0F, class 150 flanges may develop leakage unless special precautions are
taken regarding loads or thermal gradients.
a. 150
b. 300
c. 600
d. 400
11. The three basic parts to a flanged joint are :
a. Flanges, welds, gaskets
b. Flanges, bolts, nuts
c. Flanges, bolts, gaskets
d. Flanges, gaskets, threads
12. Class 600 flanged joints may develop leakage, unless special considerations for thermal gradients are
applied at temperatures above ________ 0F.
a. 600
b. 800
c. 950
d. 750
13. A Class 400 flanged fitting must be hydrotested at what pressure, if the 1000F rating is 800 psig?
a. 1020 psig
b. 1200 psig
c. 1225 psig
d. Not required per ASME B 16.5
14. The maximum temperature for hydrotesting a fitting is :
a. 12 0F
b. 1250C
c. Per Construction Code requirements
d. Per Owner / User system requirements
15. The minimum duration for hydrotesting on NPS 12 fitting shall be:
a. 2 min
b. 1 min
c. 3 min
d. No requirements to test fittings

REV.002

ASME B 16.5
Copyright TWI Ltd 2008

THE WELDING INSTITUTE

ASME B16.5 ANSWER KEY


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

REV.002

C
B
B
A
B
C
A
B
C
D
C
D
B
A
C

ASME B 16.5
Copyright TWI Ltd 2008