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RESULT

Feed:
Titration
1
2
3

Volume of NaOH needed (mL)


0.1 M
0.025 M
20.4
78.0
20.2
76.9
19.8
78.2

For 0.1 M NaOH, average volume of NaOH needed

20.4 +20.2+19.8
3

= 20.13 mL
For 0.025 M NaOH, average volume of NaOH needed =

78.0+76.9+ 78.2
3

= 77.70 mL
Raffinate:
Titration
1
2
3

Volume of NaOH needed (mL)


0.1 M
0.025 M
1.6
2.6
1.1
2.0
1.3
1.8

For 0.1 M NaOH, average volume of NaOH needed

1.6+ 1.1+ 1.3


3

= 1.33 mL
For 0.025 M NaOH, average volume of NaOH needed =

2.6 +2.0+1.8
3

= 2.13 mL

Extract:
Titration
1
2
3

Volume of NaOH needed (mL)


0.1 M
0.025 M
8.5
29.3
8.4
31.3
8.3
31.2

For 0.1 M NaOH, average volume of NaOH needed

8.5+ 8.4+8.3
3

= 8.40 mL
For 0.025 M NaOH, average volume of NaOH needed =

29.3+ 31.3+ 31.2


3

= 30.6 mL

CALCULATIONS
Finding the mass transfer coefficient:
M1V1 = M2V2
Where; M1 concentration of NaOH
M2 concentration of propanoic acid
V1 volume of NaOH
V2 volume of propanoic acid

For 0.1 M of NaOH


Raffinate:
M1V1 = M2V2
(0.1)(0.00133) = M2 (0.015)
M2 = 0.00887 M of propanoic acid

X1

Feed:
M1V1 = M2V2
(0.1)(0.02013) = M2 (0.015)
M2 = 0.1342M of propanoic acid
Extract:
M1V1 = M2V2
(0.1)(0.0084) = M2 (0.015)
M2 = 0.056M of propanoic acid

Rate of acid transfer = Vw (Y1- 0)


= 0.3 L/min (0.056 mol/L)
= 0.0168 mol/min

Vo (X1-X2) = Vw (Y1 -0)


0.3 L/min (0.00887 mol/min X2) = 0.0168 mol /min
X2 = 0.04713 M

Log mean driving force=

X1= (X2-0)
= 0.04713 M

( X 1X 2)
ln(X 1 /X 2)

Y1

X
K= Y1

X* =

Y1
K

= 0.056/7.43
= 0.00753 M
X2= (X1-X*1)
= ( 0.0087 M - 0.00753M)
= 0.00117

Log mean driving force=

(0.047130.00117)
ln(0.04713/0.00117 )

= 0.0124

Packing dimension:

length = 1.2 m
Diameter = 50 mm

Therefore, packing volume, V= r2L


= () (0.025 m)2 (1.2m)
= 2.3610-3 m3
= 2.36 L

Mass transfer coefficient

rate of acid transfer

Volumes of packing mean driving force


=

0.0168 mol/min

2.36 L 0.0124
= 0.5741 mol/L.min
= 0.5741 M/min
= 0.5741 kg/min

For 0.025 M of NaOH


Raffinate:
M1V1 = M2V2
(0.025)(0.00213) = M2 (0.015)
M2 = 0.00355 M of propanoic acid

X1

Feed:
M1V1 = M2V2
(0.025)(0.0777) = M2 (0.015)
M2 = 0.1295 M of propanoic acid
Extract:
M1V1 = M2V2
(0.025)(0.0306) = M2 (0.015)
M2 = 0.051 M of propanoic acid

Rate of acid transfer = Vw (Y1- 0)


= 0.3 L/min (0.051 mol/L)
= 0.0153 mol/min

Y1

Vo (X1-X2) = Vw (Y1 -0)


0.3 L/min ( 0.00355 mol/min X2) = 0.0153 mol /min
X2 = 0.04745 M

Log mean driving force=

(X 1X 2)
ln( X 1 /X 2)

X1 = (X2-0)
= 0.04745 M

K=

X
Y1

X* =

Y1
K

= 0.051/14.5
= 0.003517 M
X2= (X1-X*1)
= (0.00355M - 0.003517M)
= 0.000033

Log mean driving force=

(0.04750.000033)
ln(0.0475/0.000033)

= 0.00653
Mass transfer coefficient

rate of acid transfer


Volumes of packing mean driving force

0.0153 mol/min
2.36 L 0.00653

= 0.9928 mol/L.min
= 0.9928 M/min
= 0.9928 kg/min

DISCUSSION
This experiment occurs to determine the mass transfer coefficient. For this experiment,
we used the liquid-liquid extraction column to get the raffinate, extract and feed solution.
Then we titrated the sample with 0.1M NaOH and 0.025M NaOH. The mass transfer
coefficient value when titrated with 0.1M NaOH is 0.5741 kg/min while the mass transfer
coefficient value when titrated with 0.025M NaOH is 0.9928 kg/min.
The result shows when the concentration of NaOH decrease, the mass transfer rate
increase. So, we can say that the mass transfer rate will differ due to the concentration of
NaOH increase.
The value from this experiment might be different with the theoretical value. This
maybe because of parallex error occur during the experiment progress. First of all, the
position of the eye during taking the volume value at the burette and measuring cylinder, the
eye position must be perpendicular to the burette and measuring cylinder.
Besides that, the error might be caused by impurities at the beaker, measuring cylinder
and conical flask. To avoid the error occur, all the apparatus we use must be clean by using
distilled water.
During titration the error must be occur to get the pinkish-purple color. The color
might be not constant because to get all the same color is not as easy as pie. When the color is
not constant, the value of mass transfer coefficient will be different from the theoretical value.