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(b) [M- 1L5T 2 ]

(d) [ML5T]

2. A man throws the balls with the same speed


vertically upwards one after the other at an interval
of 2 s. What should be the speed of the throw, so that
more than two balls are in the sky at any time?
(take g = 9.8 m/s)
(a) Any speed less than 19.6 m/s
(b) Only with speed 19.6 m/s
(c) More than 19.6 m/s
(d) Atleast 9.8 m/s

given by y = 5 sin (4.0t - 0.02x ) where, y and x are


expressed in cm and time in seconds. Calculate the
amplitude, frequency and velocity of the wave.
(a) 8 cm, 0.8673 cycle s - 1, 200 cms - 1
(b) 5 cm, 0.673 cycle s - 1, 200 cms - 1
(c) 5.8 cm, 0.673 cycle s - 1, 250 cms - 1
(d) None of the above

6. A ball of 0.5 kg moving with a speed of 12


m/s strikes a hard wall at an angle of 30
with the wall. It is reflected with the same
speed and at the same angle. If the ball is
in contact with the wall for 0.25s, the
average force acting on the wall is
(a) 48 N
(c) 12 N

30

(a) [ML5T - 2 ]
(c) [ML-5T - 1 ]

5. Equation of a transverse wave travelling in a rope is

30

a
q
= b , where,
V
V2
p = pressure, V = volume and q = absolute
temperature. If a and b are constants, then
dimensions of a will be

1. An equation is given as p +

(b) 24 N
(d) 96 N

3. A stone is attached to one end of a string and rotated

7. A bomb of mass 30 kg at rest explodes into two

in a vertical circle. If string breaks at the position of


maximum tension, then it will break at

pieces of masses 18 kg and 12 kg. The velocity of 18


kg mass is 6 ms -1. The kinetic energy of the other
mass is

(a) 256 J
(c) 524 J
C

(b) B
(d) D

4. A body of 1 kg explodes into three fragments. The


ratio of their masses is 1 :1 : 3. The fragments of same
mass move perpendicular to each other with the
speed 30 m/s, while the heavier part remains in the
intial direction. The speed of heavier part is
10
m/s
2
(c) 20 2 m/s
(a)

8. A wheel of bicycle is rolling without slipping on a


level road. The velocity of the centre of mass is v cm ,
then true statement is

B
(a) A
(c) C

(b) 486 J
(d) 324 J

(b) 10 2 m/s
(d) 30 2 m/s

cm

Vcm

B
(a) the velocity of point A is 2 vcm and velocity of point B is zero
(b) the velocity of point A is zero and velocity of point B is 2 vcm
(c) the velocity of point A is 2 vcm and velocity of point B is - vcm
(d) the velocities of both A and B are Vcm

67

9. Imagine a new planet having the same density as


that of Earth but it is 3 times bigger than the Earth in
size. If the acceleration due to gravity on the surface
of Earth is g and that on the surface of the new
planet is g, then,
g
9
(d) g = 27 g

(a) g = 3g

(b) g =

(c) g = 9g

10. The ratio of the radii of gyration of a circular disc


about a tangential axis in the plane of the disc and of
a circular ring of the same radius about a tangential
axis in the plane of the ring is
(a) 2 : 3
(c) 5 : 6

(b) 2 : 1
(d) 1 : 2

11. The escape velocity of a body on the surface of the


Earth is 11.2 km/s. If the Earths mass increases to
twice its present value and the radius of the Earth
becomes half, then the escape velocity would
become

(d) 5.6 km/s

incompressible liquid of mass M and closed at both


the ends. The tube is then rotated in a horizontal
plane about one of its end with a uniform angular
velocity w. The force exerted by the liquid at the
other end is
ML2 w
2
ML2 w 2
(d)
2
(b)

(c) MLw 2

16
l
81
4
(d) l
3
(b)

respectively are given small linear displacement in


one direction at the same time. They will again be in
the same phase when the pendulum of shorter
length has completed oscillations.
(b) 1
(d) 3

1
6
ature of sink is reduced by 62C, then its efficiency
will be doubled. Temperature of the source is

15. An engine has an efficiency of . When the temper-

(a) 124C

68

(b) 37C

(c) 62C

(b) circular clockwise

(c) elliptical anti-clockwise

(d) elliptical clockwise

17. A mass of 2.0 kg is put on a flat pan attached

to a vertical spring fixed on the ground as


shown in the figure. The masses of the spring
and the pan are negligible. When pressed
slightly and released the mass executes a
simple harmonic motion. The spring constant
m
is 200 N/m. What should be the minimum
amplitude of the motion, so that the mass gets
detached from the pan? (take g = 10 m /s2 )
(a) 8.0 cm
(b) 10.0 cm
(c) Any value less than 12.0 cm(d) 4.0 cm

(a) 120 W
(c) 304 W

(b) 240 W
(d) 320 W

19. A point performs simple harmonic oscillation of


period T and the equation of motion is given by
x = a sin (wt + p /6). After the elapse of what fraction
of the time period the velocity of the point will be
equal to half of its maximum velocity?
T
8

(b)

T
6

(c)

T
3

(d)

T
12

constant 2) between the plates has capacitance C. If


oil is removed, the capacitance of capacitor
becomes
(a) 2 C
C
(c)
2

(b) 2C
C
(d)
2

21. A hospital uses an ultrasonic scanner to locate

14. Two simple pendulums of lengths 0.5 m and 2.0 m,

(a) 5
(c) 2

(a) circular anti-clockwise

20. A parallel plate capacitor with oil (dielectric

corresponding to maximum
intensity of radiation emitted by a source at
temperature 2000 K is l, then what is the
wavelength corresponding to maximum intensity of
radiation at temperature 3000 K?
2
l
3
81
(c)
l
16

motions given by,


p

x = a sin (wt + d) and y = a sin wt + d + act on a

2
particle simultaneously. Then, the motion of
particle will be

(a)

13. The wavelength

(a)

harmonic

power is 60 W and temperature of surrounding is


227 C. If the temperature of the black body is
changed to 1227 C, then its radiating power will be

12. A tube of length L is filled completely with an

MLw 2
2

simple

18. For a black body at temperature 727 C, its radiating

(a) 44.8 km/s


(b) 22.4 km/s
(c) 11.2 km/s (remain unchanged)

(a)

16. Two

(d) 99C

tumour in a tissue. The operating frequency of the


scanner is 4.2 MHz. The speed of sound in a tissue
is 1.7 km/s. The wavelength of sound in tissue is
close to
(a) 4 10 -4 m
(c) 4 10

-3

(b) 8 10 -4 m
(d) 8 10 -3 m

22. A charged wire is bent in the form of a semi-circular


arc of radius a. If charge per unit length is
l coloumb/m, then the electric field at the centre O
(a)

2 pa 2 e 0
l
(c)
2 pe0 a

(b)

l
4p 2 e 0 a

(d) zero

AIPMT RIDE 1
23. Two trains move towards each other with the same
speed. The speed of sound is 340 m/s. If the height
of the tone of the whistle of one of them heard on the
9
other changes times, then the speed of each train
8
should be
(a) 20 m/s

(b) 2 m/s

(c) 200 m/s

(d) 2000 m/s

24. Three concentric spherical shells have radii a, b and


c (a < b < c) and have surface charge densities s, - s
and s respectively. If V A , VB and VC denote the
potentials of the three shells, then for c = a + b, we
have
(a) VC = VA VB
(c) VC VB VA

-1

towards a hill sounds a horn of frequency 600 Hz. If


the velocity of sound in air is 330 ms -1, then the
frequency of reflected sound as heard by driver is
(a) 550 Hz
(c) 720 Hz

(a) in an elliptical orbit


(c) along a parabolic path

(b) 555.5 Hz
(d) 500 Hz

31. Two bar magnets having same geometry with


magnetic moments M and 2M, are firstly placed in
such a way that their similar poles are on the same
side, then its period of oscillation is T1. Now, the
polarity of one of the magnets is reversed the time
period of oscillations becomes T2 . Then,
(a) T1 < T2
(c) T1 = T2

(b) T1 > T2
(d) T2 =

placed at right angles to each other. The wire AOB


carries an electric current I1 and COD carries a
current I2 . The magnetic field on a point lying at a
distance d from O, in a direction perpendicular to the
plane of the wire AOB and COD, will be given
1/ 2

m 0 I1 + I2

2p d
m
(c) 0 ( I1 + I2 )
2 pd

cross-sectional area (L, A) [2L, ( A / 2)], [(L / 2), 2 A]. In


which case is the resistance minimum?

(b)

33. For a given incident ray as shown in figure, the


condition of total internal reflection of the ray will
be satisfied if the refractive index of block will be

(a) It is the same in all three cases


(b) Wire of cross-sectional area 2 A
(c) Wire of cross-sectional area A
1
(d) Wire of cross-sectional area A
2

45 incident ray

27. Two batteries, one of emf 18 V and internal

resistance 2 W and the other emf of 12 V and internal


resistance 1 W are connected as shown in the figure.
The voltmeter V will record a recording of
V

3+1
2
3
(c)
2

18 V
1W

2 +1
2
7
(d)
6
(b)

34. A car is fitted with a convex side view mirror of focal

12 V
(c) 14 V

(d) 18 V

28. Fuse wire is a wire of


(a) low resistance and low melting point
(b) low resistance and high melting point
(c) high resistance and high melting point
(d) high resistance and low melting point

29. A 10 eV electron is circulating in a plane at right


angles to a uniform field of magnetic induction
10- 4 Wb/m2 . The orbital radius of the electron is
(a) 12 cm
(c) 11 cm

(a)

2W

(b) 30 V

m0 2
( I1 + I22 )1/ 2
2 pd
m
(d) 0 ( I12 + I22 )
2 pd

(a)

26. There are three copper wires of length and

(a) 15 V

(b) in a circular orbit


(d) along a straight line

32. Two identical conducting wires AOB and COD are

(b) VC = VB VA
(d) VC = VB = VA

25. The driver of a car travelling with speed 30 ms

same magnetic field is maintained, then the


electron move

(b) 16 cm
(d) 18 cm

30. A beam of electrons passes undeflected through


mutually perpendicular electric and magnetic
fields. If the electric field is switched off and the

length 20 cm. A second car 2.8 m behind the first car


is overtaking the first car at a relative speed of
15 m/s. The speed of the image of the second car as
seen in the mirror of the first one is
(a)

1
m/s
15

(c) 15 m/s

(b) 10 m/s
(d)

1
m/s
10

35. A body is located on a wall. Its image of equal size is


to be obtained on a parallel wall with the help of a
convex lens. The lens is placed at a distance d ahead
of second wall, then the required focal length will be
(a) only d/4
(b) only d/2
(c) more than d/4 but less than d/2
(d) less then d/4

69

is 2 cm. Focal length of lens when immersed in a


liquid of refractive index of 1.25 will be

capacitor C in series produce oscillations of


frequency F. If L is doubled and C is changed to 4C,
the frequency will be

(a) 10 cm
(c) 5 cm

(a) f / 4
(c) f / 2 2

36. Focal length of a convex lens of refractive index 1.5


(b) 2.5 cm
(d) 7.5 cm

(b) 8f
(d) f / 2

37. The photoelectric work function for a metal

44. The logic circuit shown below has the input

surface is 4.125 eV. The cut-off wavelength for this


surface is

waveforms A and B. Pick out the correct output


waveforms.

(a) 4125

(b) 3000

(c) 6000

(d) 2062.5

A
y

38. The work function for metals A, B and C are 1.92 eV,

2.0 eV and 5 eV respectively. According to Einsteins


equation, the metals which will emit photoelectrons
for a radiation of wavelength 4100 is/are

Input A

(a) None
(b) A only
(c) A and B only
(d) All the three metals

Input B

39. The total energy of electron in the ground state of

(a)

hydrogen atom is - 13.6 eV. The kinetic energy of an


electron in the first excited state is
(a) 3.4 eV
(c) 13.6 eV

(b)

(b) 6.8 eV
(d) 1.7 eV

40. The binding energy of deutron is 2.2 MeV and that of

(c)

4
2 He

is 28 MeV. If two deuterons are fused to form


4
one 2 He, then the energy released is
(a) 25.8 MeV
(c) 19.2 MeV

(b) 23.6 MeV


(d) 30.2 MeV

41. The radius of germanium (Ge) nuclide is measured

(d)

45. For a given circuit of ideal p-n junction diode, which


of the following is correct?

to be twice the radius of 94 Be. The number of nucleon


in Ge are
(a) 73
(c) 75

Diode

(b) 74
(d) 72

42. Zener diode is used for


(a) producing oscillations in an oscillator
(b) amplification
(c) stabilisation
(d) rectification

V
(a) In forward biasing, the voltage across R is V
(b) In reverse biasing, the voltage across R is V
(c) In forward biasing, the voltage across R is 2 V
(d) In reverse biasing, the voltage across R is 2 V

43. A transistor-oscillator using a resonant circuit with


an inductor L (of negligible resistance) and a

Answers
1.
11.
21.
31.
41.

(a)
(b)
(a)
(a)
(d)

2.
12.
22.
32.
42.

(c)
(a)
(c)
(b)
(c)

3.
13.
23.
33.
43.

(b)
(a)
(a)
(c)
(c)

4.
14.
24.
34.
44.

(b)
(c)
(a)
(a)
(a)

5.
15.
25.
35.
45.

(b)
(d)
(c)
(b)
(a)

6.
16.
26.
36.

(b)
(b)
(b)
(c)

7.
17.
27.
37.

(b)
(b)
(c)
(b)

8.
18.
28.
38.

(a)
(d)
(d)
(c)

9.
19.
29.
39.

(a)
(d)
(c)
(a)

Detailed solutions of these questions are available on http://www.arihantbooks.com/Physics%20Spectrum.pdf

70

10.
20.
30.
40.

(c)
(d)
(b)
(b)

Dimensions of p = dimensions of
p=
\

V2

a
V2

- 1 - 2

a = pV = [ML

][L3 ]2 = [ML5T - 2 ]

2. (c) Time taken by ball to reach maximum height, v = u - gt


at maximum height, final speed is zero i.e. v = 0
So,
u = gT
u
T=
g
In 2 s, u = 2 9.8 = 19.6 m/s
If man throws the ball with velocity of 19.6 m/s, then after 2 s it will
reach the maximum height. When he throws 2nd ball, 1st is at top.
When he throws third ball, 1st will come to ground and 2nd will be
at the top. Therefore only 2 balls are in air. If he wants to keep
more than 2 balls in air he should throw the ball with a speed
greater than 19.6 m/s.

3. (b) When string makes an angle q with the vertical in a vertical


circle, then

or

T - mg cos q =

mv 2
l

T = mg cos q +

mv 2
l

qmg cos q
B
mg
mg sin q
Tension is maximum when cos q = + 1
i.e,
q= 0
Thus, q is zero at lowest point B. At this point tension is maximum.
So, string will break at point B.

4. (b) Let v be the velocity and q the direction of the third peice as
shown.

m B

5. (b) Given, y = 5 sin ( 4.0 t - 0.02 x ) comparing this with the


2p

standard equation of wave motion, y = A sin 2 pft x where


l

A, f and l are amplitude, frequency and wavelength respectively.


Thus, amplitude, A = 5 cm, 2 pf = 4
4
frequency, f =
= 0.673 cycle s -1
2p
2p
Again,
= 0.02
l
2p
or wavelength, l =
= 100p cm
0.02
Velocity of the transverse wave, v = f l
4
2p
=

= 200 cms - 1
2 p 0.02

60
O

As the magnitudes of OA and OB are equal,


60
the components of OA and OB along the
wall are equal and in the same direction,
while those perpendicular to the wall are
A
equal and opposite. Thus, the change in
momentum is due to only the change in
direction of the perpendicular components.
Hence,
DP = OB sin 30 - ( - OA sin 30 )
= mv sin 30 - ( - mv sin 30 )
= 2 mv sin 30
Its time rate will appear in the form of average force acting on the
wall.
\
F t = 2 mv sin 30
2 mv sin 30
F=
t
Given,

30

v = 10 2 m/s
So, speed of heavier part of a fragment is 10 2 m/s.

The vector OA represents the


momentum of the object before the collision
and the vector OB that after the collision.
The vector AB represents the change in
momentum of the object DP

cos q = sin q
q = 45
Thus,
AOC = BOC = 180 - 45 = 135
Putting the value of q in Eq. (i), we get
3 mv
30 m = 3 mv cos 45 =
2

6. (b)

or

30

1. (a) According to principle of homogeneity of dimensions,

A
m

3m

Equating the momentum of the system along OA and OB to zero,


we get
... (i)
m 30 - 3 m v cos q = 0
... (ii)
m 30 - 3 m v sin q = 0
From Eqs (i) and (ii), we get
3 mv cos q = 3 mv sin q

m = 0.5 kg, v = 12 m/s, t = 0.25 s

q = 30
Hence, Net average froce on well
2 0.5 12 sin 30
F=
= 24 N
0.25

7. (b) Applying conservation of linear momentum m1 u1 = m 2 u 2


Here, m1 = 18 kg, m 2 = 12 kg, u 1 = 6 ms -1 u 2 =?
\

18 6 = 12 u 2
18 6
u2 =
= 9 ms - 1
12
Thus, kinetic energy of 12 kg mass
1
1
K 2 = m 2 u 22 = 12 9 2 = 6 81 = 486 J
2
2

71

8. (a) Velocity of point A is

9. (a) The acceleration due to gravity on the new planet can be


found using the relation
GM

...(i)

R2

4
R 3r, where r is density of the planet
3
Thus, Eq. (i) becomes
4
G pR 3r
4
3
\
g=
= G pRr
3
R2

g R
g R
\
=
g
R
g 3R

=
=3
g
R
But M =

l mT = constant or
T
l 2 = l1 1
T2

axis in their planes are respectively


5
Id = Md R 2
4
3
Ir = M r R 2
2

or
\

Kd
=
Kr

Id
M
r
Ir Md
5
6

11. (b) Escape velocity on the Earths surface is given by


2 GMe
Re

M e = 2 Me and R e =

Re
2

ves = 11.2 km/s


\

v es
2 Me
Re
=

= 4 =2
ves
Me
Re / 2

v es = 2 ves = 2 11.2 = 22.4 km/s

12. (a) Let the length of a small element of tube be dx. Mass of this
element
dm =

72

14. (c) For the pendulum to be again in the same phase, there should
be difference of one complete oscillation. If smaller pendulum
complete n oscillations the larger pendulum will complete ( n - 1)
oscillations.

or

n l1 = ( n - 1) l 2

or

n
=
n -1

or

n
=2 n =2n -2
n -1

M
dx
L

l2
2 .0
=
l1
0.5

n =2

15. (d) Efficiency of engine is given by


h =1-

where, G is gravitational constant, Me and Re are the mass and


radius of Earth respectively.

ves
Me
R
=
e
\
ves
Me R e
but,

Here,
T1 = 2000 K , T2 = 3000 K , l1 = l
Then, wavelength corresponding to maximum intensity of
2000 2
radiation, l 2 = l
= l.
3000 3

Id : Ir = 5 : 6

=
ves

l1T1 = l 2T2

So, time period of n oscillations of first


= time period of ( n - 1) oscillation of second
i.e.
nT1 = ( n - 1) T2
l
l
n2 p 1 = ( n - 1) 2 p 2
g
g

I
M

Id
( 5 / 4 ) Md R 2 M r
=

=
Ir
( 3 / 2 ) M r R 2 Md

MLw2
2

13. (a) Wiens displacement law is given by

10. (c) Moment of inertia of a disc and circular ring about a tangential

where, M is mass of filled liquid and L is length of tube.


Force on this element
dF = dM nw2
F
M 2 2
0 dF = L w 0 xdx
M 2 L2
or
F=
w
L
2
F=

g = 3g
So, acceleration due to gravity g on the new planet is 3g.

I = MK 2 K =

F+dF
r

Thus, the velocity of point A is 2 vcm and velocity of point B is zero.

But,

= 2 vcm
Velocity of point B is,
v B = vcm - Rw = vcm - vcm = 0

g=

L
dx

(Q vcm = Rw)

v A = vcm + Rw = vcm + vcm

T2
T1

T2
1 5
=1- h =1- =
T1
6 6

...(i)

In other case,
T2 - 62
2 2
=1- h =1- =
T1
6 3

...(ii)

Using Eq. (i),


T2 - 62 =

2
2 6
T1 = T2
3
3 3

1
T2 = 62
5
T2 = 310 K = 310 - 273 C = 37 C
6
6
Here,
T1 = T2 = 310 = 372 K = 372 - 273 = 99 C
5
5
Thus, initial temperature of the source is
T1 = 99 C
or

aw
p

= awcos wt + ;

2
6

16. (b) Two simple harmonic motions can be written as,


... (i)

x = a sin (wt + d)
p

y = a sin wt + d +

and

... (ii)

x 2 + y 2 = a 2 [sin 2 ( wt + d) + cos 2 ( wt + d)]


x2 + y2 = a 2

(Qsin 2 q + cos 2 q = 1)

aY

This is the equation of a circle


At wt + d = 0 , x = 0, y = a
p
At wt + d = , x = a, y = 0
2
At wt + d = p, x = 0, y = - a
3p
At wt + d =
, x = - a, y = 0
2
At wt + d = 2 p, x = 0, y = a

wt+dx
a

spring
F = ka
Restoring force is balanced by weight Mg of block. For mass to
execute simple harmonic motion of amplitude a,
Mg
\
Ka = Mg or a =
K
where, M = 2 kg, K = 200 N/m
g = 10 m/s2
2 10 10
10
a=
=
m=
100 cm
200
100
100
a = 10 cm

...(i)

...(ii)

Here, P1 = 60 W,

T1 = 727 C = 1000 K
T0 = 227 C = 500 K,
T2 = 1227 C = 1500 K
Substituting in Eq. (ii)
Radiated power by a block body
4

(1000 ) - ( 500 )

60 =

l=

1.7 10 3
4.2 10 6

= 4 10 -

22. (c) Considering symmetric elements each of length dl at A and B.


We note that electric field perpendicular to PO are cancelled and
those along PO are added. The electric field due to an element of
length dl (= adq) along PO,
1 dq
dE =
cos q
(Qdl = adq)
4pe 0 a 2
=

1 ldl
1 l( adq)
cos q =
cos q
4pe 0 a 2
4pe 0 a 2

E =

p/ 2
- p/ 2

= 2.
( 500 )4

3 4 - 1

60
( 500 )
2 4 - 1
4

19. (d) When a object performs SHM of period T and equation of

dx
p

= a wcos wt +

dt
6

the distance travelled by the wave during the time, any one
particle of the medium completes one vibration about the mean
v
position. Wavelength of a wave is l =
n

Net electric field at O

80
=
60 = 320 W
15
p

motion is given by x = a sin wt +

21. (a) Wavelength of a wave is the length of one wave. It is equal to

Wavelength of sound in tissue is

of radiations emitted by the body, not only depends upon the


temperature of the body but also on the temperature of the
surrounding. The power radiated by the body is given by,
... (i)
P = s (T 4 - T04 )

(1500 )4 - ( 500 )4

(K = 2 )

n = frequency of wave (sound)


Here, v = 1.7 10 3 m/s,
n = 4.2 10 6 Hz

18. (d) Boltzmann corrected Stefans law and stated that the amount

where, T0 is the absolute temperature of the surrounding.


P2 T24 - T04
=
\

P1 T14 - T04

...(ii)

where v = velocity of wave (sound)

Hence, minimum amplitude of the motion should be 10 cm, that


the mass gets detached from the pan.

v=

Ke 0 A
d
where, e 0 = electric permittivity of free space
K = dielectric constant
A = area of each plate of capacitor
d = distance between two plates
When dielectric (oil) is removed, so capacitance,
e A
C0 = 0
d
Comparing Eqs. (i) and (ii)
C = KC 0
C C
Net capacitance becomes C 0 = =
K 2
C=

17. (b) Let the minimum amplitude of SHM is a restoring force on

20. (d) The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with dielectric


(oil) between its plates is

Thus, it is obvious that motion of particle is traversed in clockwise


direction.

P2 =

p p
p
=
wt =
6 3
6
2p
p
T
t= , t=
T
6
12
Time period of the velocity of the point will be equal to half it
maximum velocity is T/12
wt +

or
y = a cos (wt + d)
Squaring and adding Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get
or

1
p

= cos wt +

2
6

dE = 2

p/ 2
0

1 l a cos qdq
4pe 0
a2

1 l
1 l
l
2
[sin q]p/
. .1=
0 = 2.
4pe 0 a
4pe 0 a
2 pe 0 a

23. (a) According to Dopplers effect, whenever there is a relative


motion between a source of sound and listner, the apparent
frequency of sound heard by the listner is different from the actual
frequency of sound emitted by the source. Apparent frequency of
sound wave heard by the listner is
v - vl
v =
v
v - vs
where, V is actual frequency of sound emitted by the source, Vs is
the velocity of source and Vl is velocity of listner. According to

73

9
v and source and observer are moving in
8
opposite direction with same speed (say V), then apparent
v + vl
frequency v = v

v + vs
problem v =

9
340 + v
v=v
8
340 - v

17 v = 340 or v =

340
= 20m/s
17

r ( L / 2 ) rL
=
2A
4A

(ii) Length = L, area = A


Putting in Eq. (i)

s
s
(a - b + c ) =
(2 a )
e0
e0

rL
A

(iii) Length = 2 L, area = A / 2


2L
4rL
Putting in Eq. (i), R = r
=
A/2
A
As it is understood from above, resistance is minimum only in
option (b).

1 s 4pa 2
1 s 4pb2
1 s 4pc 2
+
.
4pe 0
a
4pe 0
b
4pe 0
c
=

R=

R=

24. (a) Here, potential at point A


VA =

Putting in Eq. (i)

(Qc = a + b)

27. (c) It is clear that the two cells oppose each other hence, the effective
emf inclosed in circuit is 18 - 12 = 6 V and net resistance is
1 + 2 = 3 W.
The current in circuit will be in direction of arrow shown in figure.

b
a

18 V
2W
12 V

Potential at B,
2

VB =

1
s 4pa
1 s 4pb
1 s 4pc
.
+
.
4pe 0
a
4pe 0
b
4pe 0
c

1W
effective emf
6
I=
= =2 A
total resistance 3

Potential at c
=
and

VC =

s
e0

a2
s
- b +c =
(2 a )

e0

(Qc = a + b)

1 s4pa 2
1 s 4pb2
1 s 4pc 2
.
+
4pe 0
c
4pe 0
c
4pe 0
c
s
s a 2 b2
+c =
(2 a )

e0 c
c
e0

The potential difference across V will be same as the terminal


voltage of either cell. Since current is drawn from the cell of 18 V,
hence, V1 = E1 - i r1 = 18 - (2 2 ) = 18 - 4 = 14 V
Similarly, current enters in the cell of 12 V, hence V2 = E 2 + i r2
= 12 + 2 1 = 14 V

(Qc = a + b)

28. (d) The electric fuse is a device which is used to limit the current in

25. (c) Whenever there is a relative motion between a source of

an electric circuit. Thus, the use of fuse safeguards the circuit and
the appliances connected in the circuit from being damaged. It is
always connected with the live (or phase) wire. The fuse wire is a
short piece of wire made of a material of high resistance and low
melting point so, that it may easily melt due to over heating when
excessive current passes through it.

Hence, VA = VC VB
sound and the observer (listner), the frequency of sound heard by
the observer is different from the actual frequency of sound
emitted by source.

29. (c) If charged particle is moving perpendicular to the direction of

hill

Case I
Case II

n -
... | n
1
30 ms

n
n
-1
S

30 ms

V
n
V - 30
V + 30
For Case II,
n =
n
V
From Eqs. (ii) and (i), we get,
V + 30
360
n =
n=
600 = 720Hz
V - 30
300
For Case I,

n =

... (i)
... (ii)

26. (b) The relation between length and area is


R=

rL
A

...(i)

r being specific resistance is the proportionality constant and


depends on nature of material.
L
(i) length = , area = 2 A
2

74

B, it experiences a maximum force which acts perpendicular to


the direction of B as well as V. Hence, this force will provide the
required centripetal force and the charged particle will describe a
circular path in the magnetic field of radius r,
mv 2
= qB
r
Now, KE of electron = 10 eV
1
mV 2 = 10 eV
2
1
\ ( 9.1 10 - 31 ) v 2 = 10 1.6 10 - 19
2
2 10 1.6 10 - 19
v2 =
9.1 10 - 31
v 2 = 3.52 1012
v = 1.88 10 6 m
Now, radius of circular path,
mv 9.1 10 - 31 1.88 10 6
r=
=
= 11 cm
qB
1.6 10 - 19 10 - 4

30. (b) If both electric and magnetic fields are present and
perpendicular to each other and the particle is moving
perpendicular to both of them with Fe = Fm. In this situation E 0
and B 0. But if electric field becomes zero, then only force due to
magnetic field exists. Under this force the charge moves along a
circle.

cos r = 1 - sin 2 r = 1 -

Thus, Eq. (i) becomes,


1

m>

1-

31. (a) The time period of bar magnet


I
MH

T = 2p

T1 = 2 p

= 2p

M1H

I
3 MH

I
I
= 2p
M 2H
MH

T2 = 2 p

m=

...(ii)

From Eqs. (i) and (ii),

O in a direction perpendicular to the plane ABCD due to currents


through AOB and COD are perpendicular to each other is

q
I2

34. (a) According to mirror formula, we get


1 1 1
1 du
1 dv
+ =
=0
u v f
u 2 dt v 2 dt
du - v 2 du
=

dt
u 2 dt
v
f
=
u u -f

But,
2

m 2 I
m 2 I
B = B12 + B22 = 0 1 + 0 2

4p d
4
p
d

1/ 2

m 0 2 2 1/ 2
( I1 + I2 )
2pd

33. (c) For total internal reflection to take place,


angle of incidence > critical angle
i.e.
q>C
sin q > sin C
1
sin C =
m
1
m

1
cos r

...(i)

...(i)

1
1
1
= ( l m g - 1)

fl
R1 R2

...(i)

1
1 m g
1
=
- 1

fl m l
R1 R2

...(ii)

or

(m - 1)
fl
= g
fa m g

- 1

ml

fl
(1.5 - 1)
1/2 5
=
=
=
fa 1.5
1/ 5 2
- 1

1.25
Focal length of a conven lens when immersed in a liquid,
5
5
\
fl = fa = 2 = 5 cm
2
2

From Snells law,


sin 45
=m
sin r
sin r =

...(i)

Focal length of convex lens when immersed in liquid of refractive


index m l

From Eqs. (i) and (ii)


1
(m - 1)
fa
= g
1 m g

- 1

fl m l

From figure, q = 90 - r

m>

Given,
For equal size image

1 1 1
= f v u
v =d

1
1
1
= (m g - 1)

fa
R1 R2

i.e.

dv
0.2
1
f du

-1
=-
=

15 = ms
u - t dt - 2.8 - 0.2
dt
15

36. (c) Focal length of convex lens

I1
B

sin ( 90 - r ) >

2m 2

v = u =d
By sign convention, u = - d
1 1 1
d
or f =
\
= +
f d d
2

So,

1
=1
2

3
2

32. (b) The magnetic field induction at a point P, at a distance d from

or m 2 -

35. (b) The lens formula can be written as

T1 < T2

1
2m 2

Refractive index of a block.

...(i)

When opposite poles of magnets are placed on same side, then


net magnetic moment.
M2 = 2 M - M = M
\

m2 =
1-

where, M = magnetic moment of magnet


I = moment of inertia
H = horizontal component of magnetic field
When the same poles of magnets are placed on same side, then
net magnetic moment
M1 = M + 2 M = 3 M

1
2m 2

1
2m

37. (b) The maximum wavelength above which no photoelectron can


emit from metal surface is called cutt-off wavelength and is given
by

75

R = R0 A1/ 3

hc
Cutt -off wave length
hc
or Cut-off wavelength =
Work function
hc
\
l0 =
W0
Work function =

h = 6.6 10 -

Given,

34

R1 A1
=
R2 A2
...(i)

Substituting the given values in Eq. (ii),


= 3 10

- 7

38. (c) Work function for wavelength of 4100 is


- 34

3 10
hc 6.62 10
=
l
4100 10 - 10

= 4.8 10 - 19 J =

4.8 10 - 19
1.6 10

42. (c) Zener diode is a silicon crystal diode having an reverse current
characteristic which is particularly suitable for voltage regulatory
purposes. Due to this characteristic, it is used as voltage
stabiliser in many applications in electronics appliances.

Cut off vave length to be used


l 0 = 3000

W0 =

A2 = 9 (2 )3 = 72

Hence,

Thus in germanium (Ge) nucleus number of nucleons is 72.

3 10 8

4.125 1.6 10 - 19

- 19

43. (c) In a series L-C circuit, frequency of LC oscillations is given by

eV = 3 eV

f=
or

WA = 1.92 eV
WB = 2 .0 eV
WC = 5eV
Since,
WA < W
WB < W
Hence, A and B will emit photoelectrons

39. (a) The energy of hydrogen atom when the electron revolves in
2

f
2 L 4C
=
= 8
f2
LC

f2 = f / 2 2

44. (a) Truth Table

40. (b) The reaction can be written as


1H

+ 1H 2He + energy

The energy released in the reaction is difference of binding


energies of daughter and parent nuclei.
Hence, energy released,
= binding energy of 2He 4 - 2 binding energy of 1H2
= 28 - 22.2 = 23.6 MeV

41. (d) Let radius of 94 Be nucleus be r. Then radius of germanium (Ge)


nucleus will be 2 r.
Radius of a nucleus is given by

76

B A B y = A + B

1
0
0
1

1
0
1
0

= eV

n
In the ground state, n = 1
- 13.6
E=
= - 13.6 eV
12
- 13.6
for n = 2, E =
= - 3.4 eV
22
So, kinetic energy of electron in the first excited state (i.e. for n = 2)
is
KE = - E = - ( - 3.4 ) = 3.4 eV
2

LC
L 2C 2
L1C1

Given, L1 = L, C1 = C, L 2 = 2 L, C 2 = 4C, f1 = f

nth orbit is
- 13.6

1
2p LC
1

f1
=
f2

Now,

E=

(Q A1 = 9 )

W0 = 4.125 eV = 4.125 1.6 10 - 19 J

l0 =

1/ 3

9
1
=
2
A2

or

C = 3 10 m/s

34

r 9
=
2 r A2

J-s

6.6 10 -

1/ 3

0
1
1
0

0
1
0
1

1
0
0
0

y
B

Output waveform
1

1
0

45. (a) In forward biasing the diode conducts. For ideal junction
diode, the forward resistance is zero. Therefore, entire applied
voltage occurs across resistance R i.e. there occurs no voltage
drop.
While in reverse biasing, the diode does not conduct. So, it has
infinite resistance, thus, voltage across R is zero in reverse
biasing.

Paper 1
with the horizontal into a uniform gravitational field.
The slope of the trajectory of the particle varies not
according to which of the following curves?

(d) the centripetal acceleration is given by a = T sina where,


T = tension in the string

5. Consider the situation given below.

(d)

Slope

(b)

Slope

(c)

Slope

(a)

Slope

2. The half lives of two radioactive samples A and B are


15 min and 30 min, respectively. If A and B have same
number of particles, then ratio of residual particles in
the samples A and B,
(a) after 60 min is 1/8
(c) after 80 min is 4.( 4 )1/ 3

(b) after 60 min is 1/4


(d) after 80 min is 88

3. Two boats A and B are moving in a river. Boat A moves


normal to the river currents as observed by an observer
moving with river currents. Boat B moves normal to the
river as observed by the observer on the ground. Let u
and v be the velocities of boat with respect to water and
boat with respect to the ground respectively. Then, to
stationary observer on the ground
(a) boat B reaches exactly opposite point on the bank
ub
(b) boat A reaches a point distance downstream from the
v
starting point
(c) boat A travels a longer distance
(d) to a ground observer, boat A moves faster than boat B.

4. A particle of mass m is suspended by the mean of a


string of length l and describes a circle of radius, where
a is the angle the string makes with the vertical axis.
For this situation,
(a) tension developed in the string is mg / cos a.
l g sin2 a
cos a
l cos a
(c) the time period is 2 p
g
(b) speed of mass m is

42

x
q

d
Fixe ge
wed

A pulley is smooth, massless and string is inextensible


light mass. The frictional coefficient between block x
and y is m while friction between block x and contact
surface of wedge is zero.
For this situation, choose the correct alternatives.
(a) The acceleration of the system if
(m y - m x )
m
tan q, where m y > m x
2 my
(b) The friction between x and y is zero when m X = mY
(c) Block will move up if m x > m y
(d) Tension in the string is mg (sin q - mcos q ) if m x = m y = m.

6. A block of mass m is kept on a smooth surface and


connected to the spring of stiffness K which in turn
connected to a fixed wall as shown in the figure below.
m0

K
v

A bullet of mass m 0 is moving with the horizontal


velocity v, strikes the block gets embedded to it and
their common velocity is V. The spring is compressed
by an amount x then,
(a) V = [ K ( m + m0 )]1/ 2
K

(c) v =

m + m0

1/ 2

x
m0

(b) V = [2 K (m + m0 )]1/ 2
3K
(d) v =

m + m0

x
m0

1/ 2

7. The diagram shows a cyclic process ABCA for a sample


of 5 mole ideal gas. The temperatures of the gas at A
and B are 250K and 450 K
C
respectively. An amount of heat
1000 J is withdrawn from the gas in
the process. Take the gas constant,
A
B
R = 8.3 J K -1 mol -1 for this cyclic
Volume(V)
process.
Pressure(p)

One or More than One Option Correct Type


1. A heavy particle is projected with a velocity at an angle

JEE ADVANCED RIDE 1


(a) Work done during process AB is 8300 J
(b) Work done during the process BC is - 9300 J
(c) Work done during process CA is zero
(d) Work done during process is + 9300 J

8. Some amount of an ideal gas is enclosed in a


vertical cylindrical container support a piston of mass
M. The piston is of area of cross-section A and is free to
move.
At equilibrium of the piston the volume of the gas is V0 ,
while the pressure is p0 . Now, piston is slightly
displaced from its mean position x and then released.
Assuming the system is completely isolated.
(a) The restoring force of the piston is

A 2g p0 x
in magnitude
V0

A 3g p0
(b) The restoring force of the piston is
x in magnitude
V0
(c) The frequency of oscillations is
(d) The time period would be

A 2g p0
MV0

is inserted into a long solenoid having 1000 turn per


metre and carrying a current of 4 A. If the magnetic
field induction within the core of solenoid is set to be
1.7 T, then neglecting the end effects, the order of
magnitude of pole strength while expressed in unit
(Am-1 ) is

14. A moving coil galvanometer having a coil of resistance


15 W needs 30 mA current for showing full deflection on
the scale. In order to pass a maximum current of 3A
through the galvanometer. If R is the resistance R
should be added as a shunt then what is the order of
magnitude of R ?

15. Two parallel wires A and B are separated at a distance


of 6 cm. The current in the wires A and B are 5A and 2A
respectively. The distance in cm from the wire B where,
the magnetic field induction is zero, would be?

16. In a capacitive circuit, the electric field between plates

A 3g p0
3 M V0

9. The temperature of a body falls from 50C to 40C in


10 min when its surrounding temperature is constant
at 20C. Then,
(a) the time taken by the body to cool upto temperature 30C is
10 ln (0.50)
given by t =
ln(0.66)
(b) the time taken by a body is given by t =

13. Long cylindrical iron core of area of cross-section 4 cm2

10 ln (0.20)
ln (0.33)

(c) the constant used to determine the above meintioned time


ln (0.5)
is given by K =
10
ln (0.66)
(d) the constant is given by K =
10

10. A proton enters a uniform magnetic field in direction


5

region of 0.2T with a velocity 2 10 m/s. The velocity


makes an angle of 45 with the magnetic field
induction. Then,
(a) radius of path followed by proton is 7.34 10 -2 m
(b) radius of path followed by proton is 7.34 10 -5 m
(c) radius of path followed by proton is 3.26 10 -7 s
(d) the time period to complete revolution of the proton on the
circular track is 3.26 ms

Integer Type
11. An inductance 20 mH, a capacitor 100 mF, a resistor
50 W and an AC source of 12V, 50Hz are forms an series
AC circuit. The average power dissipated in the circuit
expressed as the nearest integer is

12. An inductor having inductance L and a resistance


R = 5 W are connected in series with a battery of emf
10V. The maximum rate at which the energy is stored
in the magnetic field would be

of a parallel plate capacitor is drops from 2 10 -6 F to


its one third in 4.4 10 -6 s while the plates are
connected through a thin wire. After disconnecting the
supply, the resistance of the connecting wire would
be.....(in ohm).

17. A block of mass 20 kg is kept on a horizontal surface.


The coefficient of friction exerting between block and
surface is 0.6. A horizontal force is applied on the block
which varies with the graph shown below.
F(N)
200
0

t(s)

10

If the speed of the block after 10 s is 8v then find the


speed of a block, v is (take, g =10ms -2 )

18. Two soap bubbles x and y are in a closed chamber with

air pressure 8N / m2 . The radii of the bubbles are 2cm


and 4 cm respectively. The surface tension of soap
water is 0.004 N/m. If N A and N B are the number of
moles of air in the bubbles x and y, respectively, then
Nx
will be...... (neglecting the effect of gravity)
Ny

19. A uniform string having mass 0.1 kg and length


2.45 m hangs from a ceiling. If the speed of transverse
wave produced in string at a point x m(x < 2.45 m)
distant from its lower end is v. Then calculate the time
taken by transverse wave travel the full length of the
string?

20. The band energy gap in germanium is DE = 0.68 eV.


The numbers of hole-electron pair for the material is
-

DE

directly proportional to e 2 kt . If the percentage


increment in number of charge carriers in pure
germanium as the temperature increased from 300K to
320 K is given by 63.5 x, then the value of x would be

APRIL 2015 Physics SPECTRUM

43

JEE ADVANCED RIDE 1

Paper 2
1. A boy releases an arrow with the help of bow
horizontally from the top of a 20 m height of a tower.
What should be the minimum initial horizontal velocity
of arrow, so as to hit the ground at a distance of 30 m
from the bottom of the tower (take g = 10 m/s2 )
(a) 15 m/s

(b) 20 m/s

(c) 30 m/s

time t = 0, three particles A, B and C are the corners P, Q


and R respectively. Now particles are moving along the
sides of the triangle in anti-clockwise with a constant
speed v. The time after which the particles meet one
another is given by
3a
2v

(b)

2a
3v

(c)

3a
2v

2a
v

(d)

increased from 20.0 cm to 20.1 cm is


[assume that the rate does not appreciably change
during the given change in radius]
(c) 16 p cm

(b) 16
. 10 4 p cm3

(c)

FL2 - H 2

(b)

FH - WL
F L2 - H 2

(d)

WL - FH

WL - FH
F L2 - H 2
WL - FH
FL2 - H 2F

9. There is a mass m which is oscillating inside the


spherical shell along its diameter whose radius is R.
The kinetic energy of oscillating mass at any time is K,
the force applied by the mass on the shell at the same
instant is
(a)

3. The change in volume of an sphere while the radius is

(a) 1600 p cm3

(a)

(d) 7.5 m/s

2. There is an equilateral triangle PQR of side length a. At

(a)

the rope and ground is H. If the thickness of the log is


assumed to be negligible, the frictional coefficient
between log and ground is

7R
9K

(b)

3K
R

(c)

2K
R

(d)

2R
3K

10. Figure shows three blocks of masses m1, m2 and m3 are


connected with one another. All the surfaces are
frictionless. The string and pulleys are light in mass.
The acceleration of mass m1 is

(d) 160 p cm3

m1

4. A bob of mass m is attached to light inextensible string


of length L is kept in the horizontal position. What will
be the angle made by spring with the vertical axis so, as
to the weight of the bob balances the tension produced
in the string?
m2

2
- 1 1
- 1 1
- 1 2
(a) cos - 1
(b) cos (c) cos (d) cos
6
3
3
3

5. A skate board negotiating the circular surface of 3.5m


as shown in the figure. At the angle a = 30 the speed of
centre of mass is 4m/s. If the mass of the person along
O
with the skate board is 60 kg while, the
X
centre of mass is 0.60m from the
a
V
surface. The normal reaction exerting
between the surface and the skate
board wheel is (take, g = 10 m/s 2 )
(a) 512 N
(d) 794 N

(b) 691 N

(c) 864 N

6. An inclined plane having angle q with the horizontal. A


body starts from rest to slide down the incline. If the
height of incline is h then the time taken by the body to
reach the bottom of the incline is
2 h
1
(a) sin q
(b)
sin q
g

2h
g

2h
g cos q

(c)

2 h cos q
g

(d)

7. As starting from rest a body slides down to an inclined


plane having angle of inclination 30 is thrice the time
taken by it to slide down the same distance in absence
of friction. In this situation, the coefficient of friction
between the body and the inclined surface would be
(a)

7
9

(b)

5
6

(c)

8
9

(d)

3
8

8. A log of weight W connected to a rope of length L which


is pulled by a force in such a way that the velocity of the
log is constant. The distance between the free end of

44

APRIL 2015 Physics SPECTRUM

(a)

m1g

1
1
1
+
+

m2
m3
m1
g
(c)
m1 1
1
1+
+

4 m2
m3

(b)

m3

4 m1g

m2 + m3

m2m3
m1g
(d)
1
1
4
+

m3
m2

Passage 1
A heavy particle whirling by means of a
incompressible light string of length L.
The particle is given to speed v0 at its
minimum height. The string becomes
slack at some angle, and the particle
proceeds on a parabola as shown in the
figure.

Parabolic
path v
P(Point to
Slack)
Circular path
v0

11. Determine the angle a if particle passes through point


of suspension.
(a) tan- 1 ( 3 )

(b) tan- 1 ( 2 )

(c) tan- 1 ( 5 )

3
(d) tan- 1

12. Determine the value of v0 if particle passes through


point of suspension.
1

(a) ( g l + 2 3 )2

(b) [g l (2 +

3 )]2

(d) [ 2 g l +

3 ]2

(c) [ 3 g l +

2 ]2

18. Match the following column regarding physical

Passage 2
A wooden plank of length 2 m and of uniform area of cross
section is hinged at one end to the bottom
F
of a tank as shown in figure.
R
The tank is filled with water upto a height I a
P
of 1m. The specific gravity of the plank is
0.6. Excluding the case for which q is C
zero.
133
. dg
l cos q

(b)

133
. d lg
sin q

(c)

166
. d lg
cos q

(d)

14
. d l
g cos q

14. Find the angle q that the plank makes with vertical in
the equilibrium position.
(a) cos -1( 0.64)

A
(a) (1, 3)
(b)(1, 3)
(c) 3
(d)(1, 3)

B
2
3
1
(1, 4)

C
1
1
3
1

(d) tan ( 070


. )

as shown below in pV-diagram.


Pressures(p)

A parallel plate capacitor is placed horizontally in such a way,


that its linear plate is dipped into a liquid having dielectric
constant K and density d. The area of plates is A. Now, the
plates are connected to a battery that supplies a charge +Q to
the upper plate of capacitor.

pA=32p0

pB=p0

15. The force on upper plate of the capacitor will be?


( K 2 - 1) Q 2
2 A e 0K

(b)

( K - 1) Q 2
2 KAe0

(c)

2 Ae 0
2

( K - 1) Q

(d)

2 K 2 Ae 0
( K - 1) Q 2

Relate to the above diagram match the column


Column I

capacitor, is
2 e0 A 2d 2g
2

( K - 1) Q

(b)

2 Ae0d 2g
( K - 1)Q

(c)

( K 2 - 1)Q 2
2

2 A K e0dg

(d)

2 AK 2e0dg

radiating light of wavelength 5890 uniformly in all


directions then match the following columns (all the
magnitudes are in their SI units)
Column I

Column II
7

A. Rate of emission of photon from the lamp (i.e., 1. 4.9 10


photon per second)
B. The distance from lamp where average flux is 1 2. 5.9 1014
photon/cm 2-s
C. Flux of photon at a distance 2 m from the lamp 3. 2 10 4
D. Average density (photon/cm 2) of photons at a
distance 2 m from the lamp.

A
(a) 4
(c) 3

B
1
1

C D
2 3
4 2

A
(b) 4
(d) 1

B
1
2

Column II
1.
2.
3.
4.

D B
D C
A C
A D

A
(a) 4
(c) 3

B
3
1

160 p0V0 ln 2
36 p0V0
24 p0V0
31 p0V0

C D
2 1
2 4

A
(b) 4
(d) 1

B
3
3

C D
1 2
2 4

20. Match the following columns with reference to


expressions for the physical quantities.
Column I

Column II

A. Half- life of radioactive sample

1. N 0(1 / 2 )n

B. Atoms remaining after n half-lives 2. A0 e - lt


3. 0.693 log N 0
t1/ 2
N

C. Decay constant, K

4. 3 10 20

D. Radioactivity

C D
3 2
3 4

A
(a) 4
(c) 1

B
1
4

4. 0.693 / l

C D
3 2
3 2

A
(b) 4
(d) 3

B
2
4

C D
3 1
2 1

Answers

Paper 1
1. (b,c,d)
11. (3)

A.
B.
C.
D.

( K - 1)Q 2

17. Match the Column Type If a 100 W sodium lamp is

V0
VC VD
Volume(V)

16. The rise in liquid level h, is the space between plates of


(a)

4. b-decay

D
(1, 4)
(1, 4)
(1, 4)
(1, 3)

B A D B and B A C B

Passage 3

(a)

2. Characteristics of X-ray
3. Hydrogen spectrum

taken along in a cyclic process.

-1

(c) cos ( 075


. )

Column II
1. Photoelectric effect

19. An amount of 1 mole of a monoatomic ideal gas is

(b) sin-1( 0.85)

-1

Column I
A. Transition between two atomic
energy levels
B. Moseleys law
C. Change of photon energy into
kinetic energy of electron.
D. Electron emission.

Q
mg

13. Determine the buoyant force applied by the liquid.


(a)

Situations

2. (b,c)
12. (5)

3. (a,b,c,d)
13. (2)

4. (a,b,c)
14. (1)

5. (a,b)
15. (4)

4. (c)
14. (a)

5. (d)
15. (a)

6. (a,c)
16. (2)

7. (a,b,c)
17. (3)

8. (a,c)
18. (6)

9. (a,d)
19. (1)

10. (a,d)
20. (2)

8. (c)
18. (a)

9. (b)
19. (a)

10. (c)
20. (a)

Paper 2
1. (a)
11. (b)

2. (b)
12. (b)

3. (d)
13. (c)

6. (b)
16. (c)

7. (c)
17. (a)

Detailed solutions of these questions are available on http://www.arihantbooks.com/Physics%20Spectrum.pdf

45

Answer with Explanations


Paper 1

3. (a,b,c,d) The speed of boat A with respect to ground


vA = v 2 + u 2

1. (b,c,d) If the particle is projected with velocity u at an angle q, then


equation of its trajectory will be

The speed of boat B with respect to ground v B = v 2 - u 2

gx 2

y = x tan q -

2 u 2 cos 2 q
dy
We know slope is given by, m =
dx
gx
Therefore, slope, m = tan q u 2 cos 2 q
It implies that the graph between slope and x will be straight line
having negative slope and a non-zero positive intercept on y-axis.
But x is directly proportional to the time t, therefore the shape of
graph between slope and time will be same as that of the graph
between slope and x. Hence, only option (a) is correct i.e.
options (b), (c) and (d) are incorrect.

vA > vB
To the ground observer, since the boat moves normal to the river
currents therefore, it reaches the point exactly opposite point to
the starting one.
The velocity of boat A with respect to ground is more that of boat
B. Therefore A travels longer distance with respect to ground
frame. The downward distance travelled by A
b ub
x = ut = u =
v v

4. (a, b, c) Consider the diagram

2. (b,c) As we know that,

1
half-life of radioactive sample, N = No
2

T cos a
T
2
mwr

for the time 60 min, and for sample A


1
N A = No
2

For equilibrium,

where,

total time 60
nA =
=
=4
half life
15

N
1
N A = No = o
2
16

mg
cos a
Now the centripetal force acting along horizontal direction, we get

T cos a = mg T =

mv 2
T r sin a
= T sin a v =
r
m

For sample B,
1
N B = No
2
where,

nB =

nB

T=

N
1
N B = No = o
2
4

nA =

T
y
g
my

nA

80 16
1
=
N A = No
2
15 3

16 / 3

for sample B,
1
N B = No
2

nB

1
= No
2

The ratio of residual sample i.e.

= 4.( 4 )1/ 3

46

NA
=
NB

2 pr
=
v

2 p l sin a
lg sin 2 a / cos a

= 2p

l cos a
g

5. (a, b) Consider the free body diagram of blocks x and y

Now the ratio of residual praticles in the samples A and B


NA
N
1
= o =
N B 16 4
No
4
Similarly for the time 80 min and for sample A,

where,

(\ r = l sin a)

For the time period,

total time 60
=
=2
half life
30

1
N A = No
2

l g sin 2 a
cos a

O
T sina
mg

nA

8/ 9

[as, n B =

1
N0
2

16 / 3

1
N0
2

8/ 3

80
]
30

q
Sin

mg

gc
my

sq

g
mx

f
q
n
Si

gc
mx

os

mg

where, f is the frictional force exerting between x and y is required


to keep the blocks stationary and T is tension in the string.
Then, for the equilibrium of the blocks
(i)
m y g sin q = T + f
and
(ii)
m x g sin q = T - f
Solving Eqs (i) and (ii), we get,
( m - m x ) g sin q
F= y
2
while
f fmax , then
( m y - m x ) g sin q
mm y g cos q
2
( m - m x ) tan q
or,
m y
2 my

The blocks will remain stationary for this condition otherwise not.
When, m x = m y , f = 0 and T = m x g sin q and the system is in
equilibrium. If m y < m x , the blocks will move only when
m ( m x - m y )tan q / 2 m x .

Now frequency, n =

The time period, T =

6. (a, c) Applying law of conservation of momentum for bullet-mass


system, we get
m 0v
( m + m0 )

Now from energy conservation principle, we know

K
1
1
( m + m 0 ) V 2 = Kx 2 V =
x
2
2
( m0 + m )

(i)

(ii)

K
m 0v

x=
( m0 + m )
m + m0
So, the velocity of spring which is compressed by an distance x,
x
we get
v = [ K( m 0 + m )]1/ 2
m0

7. (a, b, c) As we know that the change in internal energy during a

Pressure(p)

cyclic process is zero. This implies, that the heat supplied to the
gas is equal to work done by the gas.
(i)

WAB + WBC + WCA = - 1000 J


During process AB, the work done,
WAB = pA ( VB - VA )
C
= nR (TB - TA )
= 5 8.3 (450 - 250)
A
B
= 5 8.3 200
Volume(V)
= 8300 J
Now, the work done during process CA is zero, because the
volume is constant
Therefore, 8300 + WBC = - 1000 J WBC = - 9300 J

mean or equilibrium position. So, increase in volume of the gas


DV = Ax
As the process is adiabatic
pV g = constant

on differentiating it, we get.


Dp
DV
ln p + g ln V = constant
+g
=0
p
V
gp
Dp =
DV
V
Now, we can write
gp
Dp = 0 DV
V0
The resultant force acting on the piston
Ag p0
F = AD p = DV
V0
A2g p0
x = -Kx
V0
2

A g p0
K=
V0

Thus, it is clear that the motion of the piston is simple harmonic


with angular frequency
w=

K
=
M

A2g p0
MV0

dq
= - K( q - q0 )
dt
dq
= - K dt
q - q0

(i)

where, K is a constant
on integrating,
40c dq
50c q - q0 = K (10 min)

40 C - 20 C
ln
= 10 K
50 C - 20 C

ln 2 / 3 = 10 K
ln(2 / 3 )
K=
(ii)
10
Let t be the time to cool the body upto temperature 30C from
50C.
30C dq
Then
[from Eq (i)]
40C q - q = Kt
30 C - 20 C

ln
= Kt
40 C - 20 C
1
ln = Kt

1 ln (2 / 3)
ln =
t
2
10

10ln (1 / 2)
=t
ln(2 / 3)

8. (a, c) Let the piston is displaced through a distance x above its

=-

MV0
A2g p0

9. (a, d) According to Newtons law of cooling

From Eqs (i) and (ii) we get.

where,

1
n

T = 2p

m 0v = ( m + m 0 ) V V =

A2g p0
MV0

1
w
=
2p 2p

[from Eq (ii)]

10. (a, d) When proton enters the magnetic field induction region with
some inclination with it. The velocity has two components i.e. the
component of velocity parallel to induction is
v|| = 2 10 5 cos 45 = 2 10 5 m/s
and the component of velocity perpendicular and the magnetic
induction, v ^ = 2 10 5 cos 45 = 2 10 5
As, the magnetic, force f = q ( v B ) is perpendicular to the
magnetic induction
So, v|| is remains constant
Now, for radius r of the path followed by proton
m v ^2
qv ^ B =
r
mv ^ (1.67 10 -27 ) 2 10 5
=

r=
qB
1.6 10 -19 0.2
=

2 .35 10 -22
3.2 10 -19

= 0.734 10 -3 = 7.34 10 -2m

Now, time taken by proton to complete one revolution


2pr
T=
v^
=

2 3.14 7.34 10 -2
2 10 5

46.09
10 -7
1.41

= 32 .69 10 -7 = 3.27 10 -6s 3.27ms

47

11. (3) The time period of source is given by

13. (2) The magnetic intensity inside the solenoid is


H = ni = 1000 4 = 4000 Am -1

1 1
T= =
= 20 ms
n 50
The capacitive reactance
1
1
100
Xc =
=
=
W
wC 2 p 50 100 10 -6
p

Again, magnetic field of solenoid


B = m 0( H + I ) l =
=

The inductive reactance,


X L = wL = 2 p 50 20 10 -3 = 2p W

= 13460 10 2 Am -1 = 1.34 10 6 Am -1

100
X = | Xc - X L| =
- 2p
p

Now, pole strength devoloped at the ends of the solenoid, m = IA


= 1.34 10 6 4 10 -4 = 5.36 10 2 Am -1

14. (1) For a moving coil galvanometer, the current through the coil
...(i)

Now, the average power dissipated in the circuit


Pav = Vrms i rms cos f
where, cos f = power factor = R / Z
V
R RV 2
Pav = Vrms rms = rms

Z Z
Z2
=

( 50 W)(12 V )2

= 7200 Z 2 WV 2

Z2
Substituting the value of Z 2 from Eq (i) into Eq (ii) we get
Pav =

7200 W - V 2

315W 2
~
3W

(ii)

= 2 .286 W

1 2
Li
2
1
[ I = I0(1 - e -t / t )]
U = LI02 (1 - e -t / t )2
2
The rate at which energy is stored is
dU
1
P=
= Li 02(1 - e -t / t ) ( - e -t / t ) -
t
dt
LI02 -t / t
(e
- e -2 t / t )
t
dP
The rate will be maximum when
=0
dt
Ll 02 1 -t / t 2 -2 t / t
+ e

- e
=0

t t
t

e -t / t =

1
2

1
in Eq (i) we get,
2
L l2 1 1
= 0 -
t 2 4

Putting the value of e -t / t =


Pmax

Le 2
2

4R ( L / R)

e2
4R

Now, given that, e = 10V and R = 5 W


(10 )2 100
Pmax =
=
\
4 5 20
= 5W

48

Rs
I
R s + Rg
Rs
3A
R s + 15W

30 mA
Rs
=
(10 -2 )( R s + 15) = R s
3A
R s + 15

Rs
15
R
15
+
= Rs Rs - s =
100 100
100 100
15

99 R s = 15 R s =
0.15 W
99
The value of shunt resistance
R s = 1.5 10 -1 W

15. (4) Let there is a point P at a distance of x cm from wire B, where

U=

P=

Ig =

30 mA =

12. (5) The energy stored in the magnetic field at time t is

- 4000 = 0.135 10 7

= 13500 10 2 - 40 10 2

The net reactance

= 25.5 W
Therefore, the impedance (squared)
Z 2 = ( 50 )2 + (25.5)2 = 3150 W 2

17
.
4p 10 -7

B
-H
m0

(i)

the net magnetic field induction is zero, clearly distance of this


point from wire A will be ( 6 + d ) cm
The magnetic field induction at point P due to wire A having
current 5A is
m 0 i1
5 m0
B1 =
=
2 p (d + x ) 2 p ( 6 + x )
Also, magnetic field induction at point P due to wire B having
current 2A is
m i
2m 0
B2 = 0 2 =
2 pd 12 p
As B1 and B2 are in mutually opposite direction,
So, net megnetic induction at point P is
Bnet = |B1 - B2| = 0
5m 0
2m 0

B1 = B2
=
( 6 + x )2 p 12 p
The distance from the wire B where the magnetic field induction
is zero,
x = 4 cm.

16. (2) The electric field between the plates of capacitor is given by
E=

Q
Q
=
e -t / Rc
A 0
A 0

E = E 0e -t / Rc

E
= e -t / Rc
E0

As, finally the electric field drops to


4.4 10 -6s, thus Eq (i) becomes
E0
3 = e -t / RC
E0

(i)

E0
after time interval
3

E0

\ E = 3

1 - 4.4 10 -6
e
RC
3
4.4 10 -6
= ln 3 = 11
.
Rc

R=

py Vy = n y RT

i.e.

n x py v y 12
4
=
=

=6
n y px v x 16 2

19. (1) As shown in figure

4.4 10 -6
11
. 2 10

and

The mass of x length of string, m =

-6

Thus, the resistance of a connecting wire is 2 W

R =2W

17. (3) Force of limiting friction flim = 0.6N = 0.6 mg


= 0.6 20 10 = 120 N.
From the graph given in the question
F = 40t = 200 for t 5, 5 t 10
The limiting friction acts at t 35
Using impulse equation,
t

T
=
m

10

( 40 t - 120 )dt + (200 - 120 )dt = 20 V

v=

dx
gx

t =

x
g 0

1
2dx

Time taken by transverse wave on the string

4T
R
For bubble x, excess pressure is given by
4T
pX - po =
RX
4T
pX = p0 +
Rx
=8+

M
L

xg

dt =

p - po =

Lower end

Now if at point x, the wave travels a distance dx in time dt then,


dx
dx
v=
gx =
dt
dt
On integrating we get,

18. (6) As we know that, for the soap bubbles the excess pressure is
given by

where, m = linear mass density of the string =

40
(25 - 9 ) - 120(2 ) + 80 (10 - 5) = 20 V
2

320 - 240 + 400 = 20 V1

V1 = 24 = 8v m/s
The speed of a block

v = 3 m/s

pulse

L=2.45m

M
xg
L
M

L

where, Pi and Pf are initial and final momentum.

So, weight of x length of string


M
W = mg =
xg
L
This weight produces the tension in string

W =T
M
=
xg
L

Now, speed of the wave v =

Fdt = Pf - Pi

M
x
L

-2

and T2 are N1 and N 2, respectively.

= 16

px = 16 N/m 2

For bubble y the excess pressure in given by


4T
py - po =
R
4T

py = po +
R
4 0.04
=8+
4 10 -2
= 12 N / m 2
Also, the volume of the bubbles are
4
Vx = p Rx3
3
and similarly
4
v y = p Ry3
3
Now, ideal gas equation we know
px Vx = n x RT

L
2 .45
t = 2
t = 1s
g
9.8

20. (2) Suppose, the number of charge carriers at temperatures T1

Then,

4 0.04
2 10

t =2

DE
2KT1

DE
2KT2

N1 = N 0e
N 2 = N 0e

where, N 0 = constant
For the calculation of, percentage increment during, rise in
temperature from T1 to T2.
N

N - N1
f= 2
100 = 2 - 1 100
N1
N1

Now,

DE 1 - 1

2k T1
T2
(i)
f = 100 e
- 1

DE 1
1
-
2 K T1 T2
0.68 eV
1
1
=

= 0.82
2 8.62 10 -15 eVK -1 300K 320K

Thus equation becomes


f = 100[e 0. 82 - 1] ~
- 127
Now, according to question,
f = 63.5 x = 124 x = 2

49

Paper 2

1. (a) The initial vertical velocity of the arrow is zero.


The time taken by the arrow to reach the ground
2h
g

where, h = height of tower

5. (d) The figure for the situation, can be drawn as below.

2 20
=2 s
10

2. (b) The velocity of particle A is v along PQ. Also the velocity of


v
2
Now, the rate of decrement of separation between the particles A
v 3v
and B is, v + =
2 2
This rate of decrease of separation is constant.
So, the time taken in reducing separation between the particles A
and B from a to 0 is given by
a 2a
t=
=
3v 3v
2
particle B is along QR. Its component along QP is v cos 60 =

3. (d) Suppose, the radius of the sphere be, R, then the volume of
sphere is
4
p R3
3
Differentiating it with respect to R, we get
dV 4 d ( R )3 4
= p
= p . 3 R 2 = 4pR 2
dR 3
dR
3
when radius is R = 20cm then,
dV
= 4p (20cm )2 = 1600 p cm 2
dR
Now, the change in volume as the radius is changed from
20.0cm to 20.1 cm is
dV
DV =
DR
dR
= 1600 p cm 2 0.1 cm = 160 p cm 3
V=

4. (c) According to free body diagram as shown in figure


(Initial position horizontal)
m
C
L
po fina
A
s
l
itio
L-H q
n
T
B
H
Vertical

mg cosq
mg

In above figure q is angle made by string from the vertical.


The centripetal force at position B
mv 2
(from figure)
= T - mg cos q
L
where, v = velocity of the bob at position B.

50

a
O
a
mg
mg cosq

The centripetal force,


mv 2
mv 2
= N - mg cos a N =
+ mg cos a
r
r
Given that,
r = 3.5 m
a = 30
m = 60 kg
and
v = 4 m/s
Therefore, OC = 3.5m - 0.6m
60 4 2
+ 60 10 cos 30
= 2.9 m N =
3.5
60 16
3
+ 600
3.5
2
960
=
+ 300 3 = 274.2 + 519.6
3.5
The normal reaction exerting between the surface and the skate
board is
= 793.8 ~
- 794 N
=

6. (b) The situation can be figured as

Now, the equation for horizontal distance covered by the arrow.


Xhorizontal = Vhorizontal t
X

Vhorizontal = horizontal
t
30m
=
= 15m/s
2s

sin

t=

mg cos q
mg

1
3 cos q = 1 q = cos - 1
3

t=

mv 2
L
m
mg = mg cos q 2 g ( L - H )
l

T = mg cos q +

The force downward to the incline


F = mg sin q

ma = mg sin q
Now, from equation of motion, v = u + at, we get,
v = 0 + at
\
a =t / v
But,
(from, v 2 = u 2 + 2 as
v = 2 gh
2 gh
.
sin q
Time taken by the body toreach the bottom of the incline is
So,

t=

1
2h
sin q g

7. (c) In case of frictionless surface, the acceleration along the


incline,
g
2
\ distance covered by the body along the incline
1 g
l = t2
2 2
a = g sin 30 =

gt 2
(i)
4
Now when friction is present, the acceleration along the incline
g mg g
a = = (1 - m )
2
2
2
\ distance covered by the body along the incline
1 g
l=
(1 - m )t 2(ii)
2 2
On dividing Eq (i) by Eq (ii), we get
gt 2
t2
4
1=
=
(1 - m )
2
gt
t 2
(1 - m )
4
According to the question, t = 3 t
t2
1
1=

1-m =
2
9
( 3 t ) (1 - m )

The coefficient of friction between the body and the inclined


1 8
surface, m = 1 - =
9 9

R
f

F sina F
L
a H
F cosa

Now,
and
or

L2 - H 2
H
and sin a =
L
L
F L2 - H 2
f = F cos a =
L
F sin a + R = W
R = W - F sin a
H
R =W - F
L

... (i)

... (ii)

Further
... (iii)
f = mR
L2 - H 2

F L2 - H 2
1
H
= m W - F m =
F

L
L
L

W - F L

The coefficient of friction lies between log and ground is


m=

F L2 - H 2
WL - FH

K 2K
2 K K 3K
=
N =
+ =
R
R
R
R
R
Hence, N is force applied by mass m on the spherical shell.
N-

10. (c) Suppose, the acceleration of block of mass m1 be a 0.


The acceleration of mass m 2 with respect to ground is a 0 - a
(downward) and the acceleration of mass m 3 with respect to
ground is a 0 + a (downward)
Now, consider the figure with proper direction of acceleration.

As pulley is of negligible mass

2T = T
T

T =
2
For horizontal motion of m1
T = m1 a 0
For vertical motion of m 2
T
m2 g - = m2 ( a0 - a )
2
For vertical motion of m 3
T
m 3g - = m 3 ( a 0 + a )
2
From Eqs (ii), (iii) and (iv) we get,
a
m 2g - m1 0
2 = g - m1a 0
a0 - a =
m2
2 m2
a0
m 3g - m1
2 = g - m1a 0
and
a0 + a =
m3
2 m3

R
q

P
v

... (ii)
... (iii)

... (iv)

... (v)

... (vi)

a0 = g -

m1a 0 1
1
+

4 m2
m3

m 1
1
a 0 1 + 1
+
= g
4 m1 m 3

So, acceleration of mass, m

mg N

Assume that the velocity of particle at P be v.


Now, from conservation of total mechanical energy
1
k = mv 2 = mgh
2
mv 2
Also, from the figure N - mg sin q =
R
From Eqs (i) and (ii), we get

... (i)

On adding Eqs (v) and (vi), we get


ma 1
1
2 a0 = 2 g - 1 0
+

2 m2 m3

9. (b) The situation can be figured as below.

Qsin q =

a0-a

8. (c) As, figure shown below

As, cos a =

h 2k
N - mg =
R R

l=

a0 =

g
m1 1
1
1+
+

4 m2 m3

11. (b) The particle goes in a parabola under the action of gravity. As
... (i)
... (ii)

it passes through point of suspension O, the equations for


horizontal vertical motion gives
... (i)
l sin q = ( v cos q) t
where, v = speed of particle at point p and
1
- l cos q = ( v sin q) t - gt 2
2

51

l sin q 1 l sin q
or - l cos q = v sin q
- g

v cos q 2 v cos q

This gives

1
sin 2 q
g. l
2
v 2 cos q
1 g l sin 2 q
- cos 2 q = 1 - cos 2 q 2 g l cos 2 q

[from Eq (i)]

- cos 2 q = sin 2 q -

[from Eq (i)]

tan q = 2

Circular path
v0

Angle suspended by a particle when passes through point of


suspension,
q = tan - 1( 2 )

...(ii)

12. (b) There is only force acting on particle at point is its weight mg
the radial component of force is mg cos q. As the particle goes on
mv 2
circle upto point P, thus, mg cos q =
l
... (iii)
v 2 = g l cos q

From conservation of energy, we get


1
1
mv 02 = mv 2 + mg l (1 + cos q)
2
2
v 2 = v 02 - 2 g l (1 + cos q)

cos q =

1.66
4

Angle made by plank with vertical in equilibrium position

cos q = 0.64 q = cos -1( 0.64 )

Consider the volume of liquid in space in between the plates of


capacitor.
The electric field at surface of the liquid due to charge +Q to the
Q
upper plate of capacitor E1 =
in downward direction.
2 Ae 0

....(iv)

The force on charge - Q 1

[Q tan q = 2 = cos q =

Q
is
K

Q
2 Ae 0 K

\ Net electric field, E = E1 + E 2 =

v 02 = g l (2 + 3 cos q)

v 0 = [ g l (2 + 3 )]2

Thus, net charge on lower plate is


1 -Q

- Q + Q 1 - =

K
K

E2 =

Velocity of a particle passes through point of suspenstion is


Velocity of particle passes through point of suspension is

( K + 1)Q
2 Ae 0 K

1
at the surface of liquid is
k

1 ( K + 1)Q ( K 2 - 1)Q 2

F = Q 1 -
=

K 2 Ae 0 K
2 Ae 0 K 2
1
3

16. (c) As the upper plate of capacitor is given to charge + Q and an

The length of plank, 2 l = 2m


the centre of gravity of the plank is Q.
So, we have OQ = l = 1m
CR
l
Now,
CP =
=
2
2 cos q
Let the linear mass density of the plank is d
then its weight is mg = 2 ldg
The mass of part CR of the plank
l
=
d
cos q

amount of charge Q 1 - is appeared at the surface closer to

K
the plate which implies an electric field will exists in between these
two.
Due to appearance of this electric field a force is exerted on liquid
surface and thus there is a rise in liquid level.
For the equilibrium condition, the weight of the raised volume, the
space between the plates is balanced by electric force.
Also, weight of raised volume of the liquid is
W = hAdg
( K 2 - 1)Q 2
Now,
hAdg =
2 Ae 0 K 2

Thus water displaced by the plank


1
l
1.66 ld
=
d=
0.6 cos q
cos q

Rise in liquid level between the plates of capacitor


( K 2 - 1)Q 2
h=
2 A2K 2e 0dg

13. (c) The height of water level is l = 1m

This implies that the buoyant force, F =

1.66 ldg
cos q

14. (a) For the equilibrium, the torque of mg about C should balance
torque of F about C

mg(CQ )sin q = F(Cp)sin q

52

4 cos 2 q = 1.66

Field at the same surface of liquid due to charge -

From Eqs (iii) and (iv), we get


v 02 - 2 g l (1 + cos q) = g l cos q

plate, an amount of negative will be induced to the surface of


liquid in between the plates of capacitor.
1

The amount of induced charge will be - Q 1 - and charge

K
1

+ Q 1 - will appear to surface in contact with lower plate.

P(Point to
Slack)

1.66d l l
(2 ld ) l =

cos q 2 cos q

15. (a) As the battery supplies an amount of charge +Q to the upper

Parabolic
path v

or

-28

17. (a) (A) As energy emit out form lamp E = hv = hc = 1990 10 -10
l

Now, suppose number of proton is n

nE = 100 J/s
100
\ n=
= 3 10 +20 photon/s
3376 10 -22

5890 10

(B) As, if flux in photon is 1 photon / cm 2 -s


n

1=
4p r 2
where, r = distance from the lamp
3 10 20
= 4.9 10 4 Km
4 3.14

r=

= 4.9 10 7 m
(C) When r = 2 m then, n 4p (200 cm )2 = 3 10 20
Flux of photons emit out from the lamp
n = 5.9 1014 photon / cm 2

(D) l Average density at r = 2 m is given by


3 10 20
r=
4 3.14 (200 )2 ( 3 1010 )
2 10 4 photon / cm 2

18. (a) (A) Transition between two atomic energy levels on


photo-electric effect and hydrogen spectrum.
(B) Moseleys Law characteristics of x-rays.
(C) Change of photon energy into kinetic energy of electron
photoelectric effect.
(D) Electron emission Photoelectric effect and b-decay

19. (a) As shown in figure


Pressures(p)
pA=32p0

pB=p0

AD is an isothermal process
So, ( 32 p0 ) V0 = p0V0
V0 = 32 V0
AC is an adiabatic process
So,

5
5

32 P0 V0 3 = P0VC 3 as pV g = constant and g =

VC = 8 V0
Work done in process DB
= 31 p0V0
Work done in process. DC = 24 p0V0
Work done in process AC
p V - pA VA
= C C
= 36 p0V0
2
f
Work done in process AD
V
= RT loge D = 160 p0V0 loge 2
VF
= 160 p0V0 ln 2

20. (a) (A) Half-life of radioactive substance, T1/ 2 = 0.693


l

1
(B) Atoms remaining after n half lives, N = N 0
2
(C) Decay constant, k =

(as pV = constant)

0.693
N
log 0
t1/ 2
N

(D) Radioactivity of a substance, A = A 0 e - lt


B
C

V0
VC VD
Volume(V)

53

TEST
RIDER
The Simulator Test Series Towards JEE Main and Advanced

JEE ADVANCED RIDE 2


More than One Option Correct Type

1. A pendulum is constructed from two


identical uniform thin rods A and B
each of length l and mass m
connected at right angle forming T
shape. It suspended free end and
swings in vertical plane.

13 2
ml
12
17 l
(c) Time period of small angular oscillation of T is 2
18g
(b) Moment of inertia of T about axis of rotation is

18g
(d) Angular frequency of T for small oscillation is
17 l

2. A photon moves vertically up in a region with


gravitational field g downwards. The frequency of
photon at an instant is 0 . After it has moved up by
height h
(a) its speed decreases
(b) its energy decreases
1 gh
gh/c 2
(c) its frequency is 0
(d) its frequency is e
c2

3. A point isotropic source of sound power 1 mW emits


sound of frequency 170 Hz in all directions. Velocity
of sound is 340 m/s, then
(a) intensity at any point at distance r depends on 1/r 2
250
(b) at, r =
m, the loudness of source is 60 dB

(c) amplitude of sound wave depends on 1/ r


(d) amplitude of oscillation of a point at 4 m is 2A and at 55 m it is
8 A
at t = 0
55

4. A block of mass m moving

(a) horizontal momentum of


system is conserved
(b) final speed of block is zero and wedge is u towards right
(c) at maximum height from ground block will be moving with
speed u /2
(d) maximum height attained by block is u 2 / 4g

74

The charged on the capacitor


is varying with time
as
Q = Q0 (1 e t ). Obtain the
value(s) of Q0 and in the
given circuit.
CVR 2
R1 + R 2
CVR1
(b) Q 0 =
R1 + R 2
R + R2
(c) = 1
CR1R 2

S
V

R2

(a) Q 0 =

(a) Moment of inertia of T about axis of


17 2
rotation is
ml
12

with speed u on smooth


horizontal surface towards
stationary wedge of same
mass initially as given all
surfaces are smooth, then

R1

5. At t = 0, switch S is closed.

Paper 1

(d) =

R1
C ( R1 + R 2 )2

6. A wire having uniform mass


density , is bent in the form of a
ring of radius R as shown in
figure is in the plane of ring but
not at centre. Two elements of
the ring a1 and a2 substend very
small equal angles at point A.
They are at distances r1 and r2
from the ring, then

r1
A
C

R
r2

(a) ratio of mass of elements a1 and a2 is r1 / r2


(b) the elements a1 and a2 produce same potential at A
(c) the element a1 produces greater magnitude of gravitational
field at A, than element a2
(d) the element a1 produces greater potential than element a2

7. A small solid cylinder of

m, R

mass m and radius R


h
slides down a smooth
M
curve from height h. It
gets onto plank of mass
Smooth
Negligible friction
M, which is resting on a
smooth surface. If is coefficient of friction between
cylinder and plank, then
(a) cylinder is performing impure rolling initially on plank and
finally performs pure rolling motion
(b) friction on cylinder is initially backward and finally it will be
zero
(c) velocity of COM of plank + cylinder at moment of pure rolling
v
is 0 , where v 0 = 2 gh
2
(d) minimum length required to attain pure rolling on plank is
3v 20 / 16 g , where v 0 = 2 gh

8. A given mass of ideal gas is taken at constant


pressure from state A (pressure p, volume V) to state
B (pressure p, volume 4V). Subsequently, the gas is
taken at constant volume from state B to state C
(pressure p / 4 , volume 4V). Select the correct
statements from the following.
(a) A quantity of heat (say Q1) is given to the system is going A to B
(b) A quantity of heat (say Q 2) is taken out of the system is going
from B to C
(c) Q1 > Q 2
(d) Q1 = Q 2

9. Two radioactive nuclei A and B are initially in the


ratio 1 : 4. Also initial activities of the nuclei are in
the ratio 1 : 8. Given that, half-life of A is 2 yr, choose
the correct alternatives.
Half-life of nuclei B is 1 yr
At t = 4 yr, activities of A and B are equal
At t = 6 yr, ratio of numbers of nuclei of A to that of B is 2 : 1
Fractions of nuclei decayed in one mean life for A and B are
f1 and f2 respectively (f1 > f2)

bottom of a container of area A.


The liquid is filled upto height h
from base. As liquid comes out
A

then, a =

3
(a) level of liquid in container falls at rate of

gh
2

g
m/s 2
4
g
(c) acceleration of top surface of liquid is
3
(d) None of the above
(b) acceleration of top surface of liquid is

11. Water is flowing in

k
2m

1 kg
A

=0.3

=0

15. A steel bar of length L is held between rigid supports


and heated non-uniformly in such a manner that the
temperature increases T at distance x from one end
T x3
is given by T = 0 2 as shown in the figure. The
L
stress in the bar (assume that modulus of elasticity
for steel is E and thermal coefficient of expansion is
E T0
. Find the value of x.
) is given as =
x
x-axis of the solid spherical
segment of mass M (see in figure)
53MR2
is
. The value of x is
40x

R/2

R/2
O

p
moles
of
a
monoatomic ideal gas is 2103 A
B
taken through a cyclic
process shown in P - T
103
C
diagram. The process CA is
T(k)
represented
as
300K
600K
PT = constant. If efficiency
3x
of cycle is 1
, then find the value of x.
12 ln 2 + 15

17. Two

37.5 cm

35 cm
varying cross-section
200 cm
pipe the areas of
cross-sections 1, 2
1
2
and 3 are 1cm2 , 2 cm2
3
and
A
cm2
respectively. Water levels are shown in different
vertical tubes. The speed of water at cross-section 3
1
is
m/s. The value of x is
x

12. Consider a horizontal

y=x2

attached to the left and right walls as shown in


figure. A 1 kg block is initially held against, the left
hand spring compressing the spring by 0.l m. The
block is released to move. The floor is frictionless
except for the section AB. Coefficient of friction for
AB is 0.3. Find the distance (in cm) from point B
where, block finally comes to rest.

16. The moment of inertia about

Integer Based Type

14. Massless springs, each with k = 1350 Nm1 are

=0

10. A small hole of area a is at the

given in figure. One of the


B
refracting surface is given by
y = x2 . A ray of light travelling
parallel to x-axis is incident
normally on face AB and h
refracted. Find the minimum
A
distance of incidence ray from
surface AD. Refractive index for prism is 3.

surface
moving
vertically upward with
velocity 2 m/s. A small
2m/s
ball of mass 2 kg is
O
moving with velocity
2$i $j (m/s). If coefficient of restitution is 1/2 and
coefficient of friction is 1/3. Find horizontal
component of velocity of ball after collision.

p(N/m2)

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

13. The cross-section of a prism as

18. A photoelectric plate is initially exposed to a


spectrum of hydrogen gas excited to second energy
level. Later when the same photoelectric plate is
exposed to a spectrum of some unknown hydrogen
like gas excited to second energy level, it is found
that the de-Broglie wavelength of the photoelectrons now ejected has decreased 61
. times. For
this new gas difference of energies of first Lyman
line and Balmer series, limit is found to be two times
the ionisation potential of the hydrogen atom.
Detect the atom and find the value of Z.

75

19. The linear charge density of the circumference of a

ring of radius R is = 0 sin , where is defined as


shown in figure. Find the electric dipole moment
1
(in C-m) of the ring, if 0 = C/m and R = 1 m

Vo

(a) 225 log 2


(c) 400 ln 2

2Vo

(b) 357 log 2


(d) 300 ln 2

5. An adiabatic vessel containing 3 moles of a


20. Find the power factor for the circuit as shown in
figure.
20
L=5/H

XC=20

C=20/F
XL=30

(a) 6 1012 rad/s


(c) 4 1013 rad/s

V=220 V, f=50 Hz

Paper 2
temperature of the body T (not very different from
temperature, T0 of surrounding) and time is given by
(a) T

(d) T

(c) T

(b) T
T0
t

welded with two beads of masses m1 and m2 , such


that the ratio of the lengths of spring between the
beads is 5 : 2. If the stiffness of the original spring is
k , then the frequency of oscillations of the beads in
a smooth horizontal rigid tube is (assume m1 = m
and m2 = 2m)
(a)

2. A floating ice slab of thickness is remained on


temperature 0C. If the atmospheric temperature is
T C, then time taken for thickness of the layer to
increases from x1 to x2 is proportional to (take as the
density of ice, K as the thermal conductivity, L as the
latent heat of fusion and A on the x-sectional area of
slab).
(a) (2L )
(c)

K 2T

L 2
( x2 x12 )
2 KT
L2
(d)
( x22 x12 )
2 KT
(b)

3. Metal disc of radius 5 10 mm is set to rotate about


central axis normal to its plane. Upon raising its
temperature gradually, the radius is increased upto
5.075 102 mm. The percentage change in the
rotational kinetic energy will must be
(a) 3%
(c) 2%

(b) 9%
(d) 4%

4. Consider the diagram of internal energy U versus V


for 2 moles of an ideal gas under cyclic process.
The temperature of the gas at b and c are 500 K and
300 K respectively. The total heat absorbed by the
gas during the process is

76

(b) 3 10 9 rad/s
(d) 9 10 8 rad/s

6. A circular spring having natural length l0 is cut and

1. The cooling curve of a body in reference to the

diatomic gas having moment of inertia of each


molecule is I = 2.76 1046 kg-m2 , while the root
mean angular velocity is 0 = 5 1010 rad/s. An
another adiabatic vessel contains 5 moles of a
monoatomic gas at temperature 470 K. The root
mean square angular velocity of diatomic,
molecules when the two vessels are connected by a
thin tube of negligible volume is (assuming all the
gases are ideal and Boltzmanns constant
K = 1.38 1023 joule per molecule)

k
m
17

(b) 7

k
15 m

(c)

1
k
105 m

(d)

17
15

k
m

7. Consider a liquid filled in a uniform


U-tube upto height has shown in figure.
If the liquid is displaced through a small
distance x, then the frequency of
oscillation of the liquid will be
(a)

2g
h

(b)

g
h

(c)

1
2

g /h

(d)

2g
3h

8. A monoatomic light beam of wavelength is


incident on an isolated metallic sphere of radius a.
The threshold wavelength 0 which is larger than .
The number of photoelectrons emitted before the
emission of photoelectron will stop is
4 0h2c 1
1

3ae 2 0
2
4 0h ac 1
1
(c)

7e 2
0
(a)

4 0a 2h2c 1
1

3e 2
20
4 0ahc 1
1
(d)

e2
0
(b)

9. A wire having length l and mass m can freely slide


on a pair of parallel smooth horizontal rails placed
in a vertical magnetic field B. The rails are
connected by a capacitor having capacitance C.
The electric resistance of the rails and the wire is

zero. Suppose, a force F is applied to the wire place


between the rails, then the acceleration of the wire
will be
(a)

F
3F
(b)
m + CBl
2 m + C 2 Bl

(c)

F
F
(d)
m + C 2B 2l 2
m + CB2l 2

Passage 3
A hollow sphere of mass m is released from the top of an
inclined plane of inclination as shown below

10. For the magnet of oscillation magnetometer, the


frequency of oscillation is 40 oscillation per minute.
A short bar magnet is placed to the North of the
magnetometer, at a separation of 40 cm from
oscillating magnet with its North pole pointing
towards North. The frequency of oscillation is found
to be 60 oscillation per minute. If the horizontal
component of the Earths magnetic field is 12 T,
then the magnetic moment of this short bar magnet,
will be
(a) 32
. Am

(b) 18
. Am

(c) 4.8 Am

(d) 2.2 Am

Passage 1

11. Find the magnetic field at a distance x from the axis.


0 i0x
2 a

(b)

0 i0
2 a

(c)

0 i0x
2 a

(d)

0 i 0 x2
2 a

12. The magnetic field at a distance x, where, b < x < c is


(a)
(c)

15. What should be the minimum coefficient of friction


between the sphere and the inclined plane to just
prevent the sliding of sphere?
4
(a) cos
5

0i (c 2 x 2 )
2

(b)

2 x(c b )

0 i 0(c 2 x 2 )
2

2 (c b )

i c + x
(d) 0 0

2 c b

0 i 0(c x )
2 x(c 2 b 2 )

2
(b) sin
3

(c)

2
tan
5

2
(d) cos
3

16. The angular acceleration of sphere, while friction


between sphere and plane becomes half of its
previous value is
(a)

There is a coaxial cable which consists of an inner wire of


radius a surrounded by an outer shell of inner and outer
radii b and c, respectively. The inner wire carries an
electric current i0 and outer shell carries an equal current
in opposite direction.

(a)

3 g sin
10 R

(b)

3
gR sin
5

(c)

3R
g sin
4

(d)

4 g cos
9 R

17. Match the following columns.


Column I

Column II

A. Emission of radiation

1. Nucleon property

B. Automatic open and closing of


doors

2. Photoelectric effect

C. Radioactivity

3. Surface property

D. Breader reactor

4. Generation of fuel itself

Codes
A
(a) 3
(c) 3

B
2
2

C
1
4

D
4
1

(b)
(d)

A
1
2

B
2
1

C
3
3

D
4
4

18. Match the set of parameters given in Column I with


the graph given in Column II.

Passage 2

Column I

A table with smooth horizontal surface is placed in a cabin


which moves in a circle of a large radius R as shown below.
A smooth pulley of small
radius is fastened to the
m
table. Two masses m and
2m
2 m placed on the table are
connected through a string
going over the pulley. Initially the masses are held by a
person with the string along the outward radius and then
the system is released from rest with respect to cabin.

13. With respect to the cabin, the modulus of initial

Column II

A. Potential energy of a simple


pendulum (y-axis a function of
displacement ( x-axis)

1.

B. Displacement ( y-axis) as a function 2.


of time ( x-axis) for one dimensional
motion at zero or constant
acceleration when the body is
moving along the positive x-direction

C. Range of a projectile ( y-axis) as a 3.


function of its velocity ( x-axis) when
projected at a fixed angle

D. The square of the time period


( y-axis) of a simple pendulum as a
function of its length ( x-axis).

acceleration of the masses as seen from the cabin is


(a)

2R
3

(b)

2R
2

(c)

2R
3

(d)

2R
5

4.

14. The tension developed in the string is given by


m 2R
3
4
(c) m 2R
5
(a)

(b)

4
m 2R
3

(d) 4 2Rm

Codes
A
(a) p
(c) q, r

B
q, s
q

C
s
p

D
q
s

A
(b) q, s
(d) r

B
p, r
s

C
q
p

D
s
q

77

19. The materials against its Poissons ratio is given in


the columns which has to be matched.
Column I

20. The quantities are given along with its dimension in


two column which has to be matched.

Column II

Column I

Column II

1.

0.27

A.

Coefficient viscosity

B. Iron

2.

0.16

B.

Gravitational constant 2.

[ML1T 1]

C. Steel

3.

0.19

C.

Thermal conductivity

3.

[M0 L0T 0 K 0]

D. Tungsten

4.

0.20

D.

A unit vector in a
particular direction

4.

[MLT 3 K 1]

(b)
(d)

A
2
2

Codes
A
(a) 2
(c) 3

B
1
1

C
4
2

D
3
4

(b)
(d)

A
1
2

B
2
1

C
3
3

D
4
4

Codes
A
(a) 2
(c) 1

B
1
2

C
4
3

D
3
4

1.

[M1L3T 2]

A. Aluminium

B
1
1

C
3
4

D
4
3

Answers
Paper 1
1. (a,c)
11. (2)

2. (b,d)
12. (0)

3. (a,b,d)
13. (2)

2. (b)
12. (a)

3. (a)
13. (a)

4. (a,b,c,d)
14. (3)

5. (a,c)
15. (3)

6. (a,b,c)
16. (5)

7. (a,b,c,d)
17. (7)

4. (c)
14. (b)

5. (a)
15. (c)

6. (b)
16. (a)

7. (b)
17. (a)

8. (a,b,c)
18. (2)

9. (a,c)
19. (1)

10. (a,b)
20. (0)

8. (d)
18. (a)

9. (d)
19. (d)

10. (c)
20. (d)

Paper 2
1. (c)
11. (c)

Detailed solutions of these questions are available on http://www.arihantbooks.com/Physics%20Spectrum.pdf

78

Answer with Explanations


3. (a,b,d) According to wave motion, intensity and loudness of a

Paper 1
1. (a,c) According to the SHM, the basic idea is same as of simple
pendulum its just there are two forces, one weight of vertical rod
and other weight of horizontal rod due to which torque will be
produced.
ml 2
Moment of inertia for AB rod about A is
and rod CD about A
3
is
A
=

ml 2
+ ml 2
12

13 ml 2
12

17 ml 2
Total moment of inertia of T is
12
Restoring torque about A
l
A = mg sin + mgl sin
2
3 mgl
=
sin
2

As, sin i.e.

wave i.e. L = 10 log10

where, I0 is the intensity of minimum audible sound which is


10 12 Wm 2 .
For point source, sound will spread in the spherical region. So,
intensity at any point A is
P W
I = 02 2
4r m
1
So,
I 2
A
P0
r
r
loudness of sound in decible will be
I
L(dB ) = 10 log10
I0
(where, I0 = reference intensity)
I
60 = 10 log10
I0
I = I0 10 6

I = 10 12 10 6 = 10 6 W/m 2
P

4 r 2

3 mgl
A =

2
mg

17 ml 2
17 l
=2
12 3 mgl
18 g

force acting on a body equal to change in kinetic energy of the


same body
i.e.
KE = Wnet
Loss in the energy of photon = h h( d )
= h(d )
= work done by gravity
h
Let say, m = mass of photon = 2
c
GMm

u =

x
hd = du 0

du
GMm

=+
2
dx
x
hd =

h
Gm 2
c

dx =
x2
GMh
hd = 2 2 dx
c r
d
Gm R + h dx
=
0 c 2 R x 2

x2

dx

250

Due to opposite phase that would be written as

8A
.
55

4. (a,b,c,d) As conservation of linear momentum and energy,


maximum height and velocity attained by block moving on
smooth horizontal surface
i= n

i.e.

i= n

Pi = mi vi

(i)

250
m

1
As, we know intensity of sound, I A2 2 ,
r
1
So
A
r
A 1 r 2 2 A 55
8A
So,
= ,
= , A2 =
A2 r1 A2
4
55

2 2

v = 0 e gh /c

4 3.14 10 6

i =1

GMh

Frequency of a photon,

1 10 3

i =1

where, P is the momentum of N-particle system.


Taking block and wedge as a system, we can analyse that there
is no horizontal force acting on system. So, horizontal momentum
is conserved.


Gm 1
1 GMh
h = + 2
= 2 2
0
c R + h R
Rc
v = 0e R

P
4 10 6

Radius of an isotropic point source, r =

2. (b,d) According to the work-energy theorem, work done by all the

GMm

(I0 = 10 12 W/m 2 )

= I = 10 6

r2 =

mg

l
Time period of pendulum, T = 2
K
T =2

I
I0

GM

Q g = 2
R

(ii)

v2
v1 Hmax
v2

So, conservation of linear momentum,


mu = mv1 mv 2
and conservation of kinetic energy, then

v1
(iii)
(i)

79

mu 2 1
= mv12 + mv 22
2
2
Solving Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get
v1 = u , v 2 = 0

(ii)

u
2
So, conservation of mechanical energy upto maximum height, we
get

From beginning to maximum height mu = m(2 v ) v =

1
1 u
u2
mu 2 = m 2 + mgh, h =
4g
2
2 2

5. (a,c) We have to use the steady state concept, i.e. in steady state
capacitor will work as open circuit. We will calculate the potential
difference across R2 and accordingly charge will be calculated
The charge will be = C (potential difference across R2 )
Q 0 is the steady state charge stored in the capacitor
Q 0 = C (potential difference across capacitor in steady state)
= C(steady state current through R2 ) ( R2 )
V
R1
= C
R2
R1 + R2
Q0 =
As,
where,

=
Rnet =
=

CVR2
R1 + R2

R2

1
CRnet
R1 R2
R1 + R2

R1

1
R1 R2
C

R1 + R2

R2

R1 + R2
CR1 R2

6. (a,b,c) The mass of the portion of the ring, determine field and
potential due to each part and then find the net potential and net
field at point O due to elementary masses dm a1 , dm a2 while
comparing, we get
Elementary masses, dm a1 = ( r1d ) and dm a2 = ( r2 d )
dm a1
r
= 1
dm a2 r2
Gravitational field at A
dE1 =
and

dE 2 =

Gdm1
r12

r1
a2

Gdm 2
r22

d
r2

dm r
dE1
dm
r2
= 21 2 2 = 1 2
dE 2
dm 2 r1
r1
dm

r r
r
= 1 2 = 2
r2 r1
r1
dE1
As, r2 > r1 , So
> 1, dE1 > dE 2
dE 2
Gravitational potential
Gdm1
Gdm 2
, dv 2 =
dV1 =
r1
r2
dV1 dm1 r2 r1 r2
=
= = 1 dV1 = dV2
dV2 dm 2 r1 r2 r1
i.e. element a, produces equal potential to element a 2

80

a1

7. (a,b,c,d) First conservation of mechanical energy is used i.e. loss


in potential energy mgh is converted in to KE
1
mgh = mv 2
2

v = 2 gh
When the cylinder starts moving on the plank rolling as well as
rotational motion will be retarted. Initially block is having
translation as well as rotation and after sometime it will start pure
rolling on the plank.
Form conservation of energy we can say that the velocity of
cylinder just before getting onto plank is
1
mgh = mv 02
2
where,
v 0 = 2 gh
FBD for motion on rough plank.
So, cylinder is having retardation of linear motion.
v = u 0 gt
and it is having angular acceleration.
mgR
=
mR 2 / g
mg
2g
=
R
2 gt
So,
=0+
R
Plank will be having accelerated motion
v = 0 + gt
At pure rolling v = v R
gt = v 0 gt 2 gt
v
t= 0
4g
2v
v
Velocities of cylinder and wedge v = 0 = v = 0
4
4
mv + mv v + v v 0
vCOM =
=
=
2m
2
2
For minimum length of plank let us
consider cylinder (w.r.t.) plank,
mg
for linear motion distance moved by
COM in time of pure rolling
1
S = vot (2 g ) t 2
mg
2
v 1
v
= v 0 0 2 g 0
4g 2
4g
=

va
mg

vo

v 02
v2
3 v 02
0 =
4 mg 16g 16g

8. (a,b,c) As first law of thermodynamics and its processes


i.e. isochoric and isobaric
Q = U + W
where, Q is heat energy, U is potential
p
energy and W is the work done by the
A
p
B
system.
In AB process, W > 0 and U > 0
because due to volume increment
temperature also increases so, Q for
p/4
C
AB will also be positive. So heat is
given in process AB, in BC work done
V
4V V
is zero and temperature decreases due
to U and Q will be negative that means heat is rejected by
gas.

Q1 = W1 + U1

( 4 V ) pV
= p( 3 V ) + nC V p

nR nR
p

( 4 V ) p( 4 V )
Q 2 = U 2 = nC V 4

nR
nR

So,

log 2

( N 0 )A 1
=
( N 0 )B 4
R0A A N 0 A 1
=
=
R0B B N 0 B 8
A 1
=
B 2

B =2A
(t1 / 2 )A = 2 (t1 / 2 )B = 2 1 = 2 yr
1
1
At 4 yr, A will be and B will be
(4 half-lives)
4
16
1
N 0A
( Nt )A
1
= 4
= 4 =1
1
( Nt )B
4
N 0B
16
( Rt )A NtA B
1 1
=
=1 =
( Rt )B NtB B
2 2
1
1
and B will be
8
64
1
N 0A
( Nt )A
= 8
=2
( Nt )B 1 / 64 N 0B

At 6 yr, A will be

of continuity at two levels


v1
considered. The height of the
considered level will be taken as
zero, hence the term containing
height i.e. gh = 0
Apply Bernoullis equation
between P and Q points
1
1
p0 + gh + v12 = p0 + 0 + v 22
2
2

gh = ( v 22 v12 )
2
v 22 v12 = 2 gh
From equation of continuity, we get
A
Av1 = av 2 = v 2
3
v 2 = 3 v1
9 v12 v12 = 2 gh
8 v12 = 2 gh
v1 =

gh
gh
=
4
2

Acceleration of top layer of liquid,


dv
1
1
dh
a= 1 =
g

dt 2
2 h dt

P
h
Q

g
h

gh
g
= ms 2
2
8

1 2
v + gh = constant
2
1
where, p is pressure energy, v 2 is kinetic energy per unit
2
volume and gh is the potential energy per unit volume
Apply Bernoullis equation at pipe 1, 2, and 3
1
1

p3 + v 32 = p2 + v 22 = p1 + v12
2
2
2
1

p0 + gh3 + v 32 = p0 + gh2 + v 22
2
2

= po + gh1 + v12
2
v 32
v 22
v2
(i)
gh3 +
= gh2 +
= gh, + 1
2
2
2
Equation of continuity at point 3 and 2 are
v 3 A3 = v 2 A2
(ii)
v3 A = v2 2
(iii)
v 2 2 = v1 1
From Eq. (i)
v2
v2
gh2 + 2 = gh1 + 1
2
2
35 v 22
20 v12
10
+
= 10
+
100 2
100 2
2
2
15 v12 v 22 4 v 2 v 2 3 v 22
=
=
=
10
2
2
2
v 2 = 1 m/s, v1 = 2 m/s
From Eq.(i),
v2
v2
gh3 + 3 = gh2 + 2
2
2
37.5 v 32
35 1
10
+
= 10
+

100 2
100 2
2
v 3 1 35 37.5 1 2 .5 1 25
= +

=
=
2 2 10
10
2 10 2 100
v 32 1
=
2
4
1
1

v 32 = , v 3 =
2
2
i.e.

10. (a,b) Apply Bernoullis equation

1
4

or streamline flow.

9. (a,c) According to radioactive law, we know

g
( v1 )
h

11. (2) It is based on Bernoullis equation for flowing liquid for steady

Q1 > Q 2

R = N 0 and t1 / 2 =

1
4

PE=0

v2

(i)

p+

The value of x is

x =2

12. (0) According to impulse and conservation of energy in elastic


collision.
Ball with respect to surface
upward impulse on ball
Ndt = Pf Pi

Ndt = 2 vy ( 2 4 )
Ndt = 2 vy + 8

Vy
2m/s2
4m/s

(i)

The coefficient of restitution e


along normal direction
v
e= y
4
v g = 4 e = 2 m/s

Vr

(ii)

81

So,
Ndt = 4 + 8 = 12
Horizontal impulse
Ndt = Pf Pi
Ndt = 2 v x 2 2
1
12 = 2 v x 4
3
i.e.
vx = 0

13. (2) Consider the rays as

1
shown in figure, for ray
i1
1
with
angle
of
2
incidence i1 , (i1 < C )
i2
where, (C is critical
H1
angle). The ray will get
3
i3
refracted, but H1 is not
H2
the minimum height. H3
For ray 3 with angle of
incidence i 3( i 3 < C ) the ray will get reflected
(due to
phenomenon of TIR), now for light ray 2 with angle of incidence i 2
( i 2 = C ) the ray will just refracted (limiting ray) and corresponding
H 2 will be minimum height so, that light will just refracted. For TIR
at that point of incidence on curved surface. We can early say
that, as h increases i decreases and for TIP at the point of
incidence minimum value of i should be C and corresponding to
that h will be minimum for refraction.

According to Snells law, we get


3 sin i = 1sin 90
1
sin i =
3
So, slope of tangent will be 90 i
dy
= tan( 90 i )
dx
2 2
= cot i =
1
At,
y=h
dy
=2 x
dx
2 x =2 2

y=x2
h

i
(90 i)
A

(90 i)
D

x = 2m
y = h = ( 2 )2 = 2 m
The minimum distance of incident ray from surface AD is 2 m.

14. (3) It is based on conservation of mechanical energy for the two


springs and the non-conservative force i.e. friction will dissipate
same part of mechanical energy.
Velocity of block at A is according to conservation of energy
mv 2 Kx 2
=
2
2
1 v A2 1350 ( 0.1)2
=
2
2
1350
1350
2
m/s
vA =
vA =
100
100

Now, with this KE, it will compress right spring, we get


mv B2 kx f2
=
2
2
1 150 1350

=
x f2
2 100
2
150
1
1
x f2 =

=
1300 100 900
1 100
xf =
=
= 3.33 cm ~
3
30 30

15. (3) It is based on the thermal conductivity of the material and bulk
modulus of elasticity. We can directly relate change in length of
steel bar with stress applied in bar and easily.
Consider an element of the bar of the length dx shown in figure.

Change in length of element dx due to temperature difference is


dU = dx T
T x2
dU = dx 0 2
L
Integrating both sides, we get
L T x2
dU = 0 L02 dx
T L3
U = 02
3L
Bar is rigidly field stress in given by = E strain
U
= E
L
T0 L3
E T0
= 2
E =
3
3L L
E T0
Stress in bar, =
3
As per given in question, we get
E T0 E T0
=
x
3
So,
x= 3

16. (5) Consider small segment that will be disc at distance x as


shown
dm = dV
For the moment of inertia of the disc about then given axis
1
dI = dm y 2
2
where, y is the radius of a solid spherical body
The solid sphere is generated by revolving circle about diameter.
Mass of spherical segment
x2+y2=R2

During motion of a block from A to B,


v B2 = v A2 + 2 as
a = g = 0.3 10 = 3 m/s
1350
1350
=
2 3 2 =
12
100
100
1350 1200 150
=
=
m/s 2
100
100

82

dx

dx

M = density volume of segment

M
=
V

M
2
y dx

R/ 2

where, is wavelength and E is energy of an electron.


E1 = W0 + KE1

2
2
( R x )dx

R/ 2

E1=(2 1 in H-atom)

24 M
3

5R
5R
24
Consider a small disc of radius y and thickness dx as shown is
figure.
Mass of small disc dm = y 2dx
Moment of inertia of disc about O, x-axis
1
1
4
dI = dm y 2dl = y 2dx y 2 =
y dx
2
2
2
Total moment of inertia
R 4
I = dl =
y dx
2 R / 2
R
I=
( R 2 x 2 )2 dx
2 R / 2
R 4
=
( R 2 R 2 x 2 + x 4 )dx
2 R2
I=
=

24 M
5R 3
24 M
3

4 2 R 2 x 3 x 5
R
+
2
3
5 R / 2

53 R 5

2
480

5R
53
53 MR 2
I=
MR 2 =
200
40 x
x=5
Total work done
Total heat supplied
WAB = p ( V ) = nRT (isochoric process)
25
=2
300 = 5000 J
3
T
p
WBC = nRT ln f = nRT ln i (isothermal process)
T
pf
i
2 10 5
= 2 R 600 ln
= 1200 R ln(2 )
5
1 10
WCA =

nRT
2 R 300
=
= 1200R
1 y
1 y2

W = 600 R + 1200 R ln(2 ) 1200 R


W = 600 R [2 ln(2 ) 1]
Heat supplied to the monoatomic gas from A to B,
5R
Q AB = nC p T = 2
300 = 1500R
2
Similarly,
Q BC = WBC = 1200 R ln(2 )
600 R [2 ln (2 ) 1]
Efficiency of a cycle, =
1500 R + 1200 R ln(2 )
12 ln(2 ) 6
21
=
=1
15 + 12 ln(2 )
15 + 12 ln(2 )
3 7
=1
15 + 12 ln(2 )

W0

KE1

E2=(2 1 in unknown gas)

W0

KE2

(ii)

Also,

E 2 = W0 + KE 2
1
e
KE

KE 2 1
= = 6.1
KE1 2

Also,

1
1
E1 = 13.61 12 2 2
1
2

17. (7) Net work done for the process,


Efficiency =

(i)

1
Q 2 =
6.1

= 10.2 eV
Now, ionisation energy of H-atoms = E1 = 13.6 eV
Energy of first line in Lyman series
1
1
= 13.6 Z 2 2 2 eV =10.2 Z 2 eV
1
2

(iii)

and energy of series limit of Balmer series


1
1
2
= 13.6 Z 2 2
eV = 3.4 Z eV
( )2
2
Given,

13.6 2 = 10.2 Z 2 3.4 Z 2

Z = 2 He + ion

19. (1) As the charge density vary with sine function, then half part of
ring will be positive and half part will be negative. We can consider
positive element of find the dipole moment of this small part.
Then,
p=

/2

2 dpsin [direction j]

/2

2 [ 0 sin Rd 2 R ]sin

= 2 0R 2

/2

(1 cos 2 )d


= 2 0 R 2 = R 2 = 1
2

20. (0) The concept of complex number in which we calculate


impedance of circuit by treating as pure real number and
capacitance, inductance as pure imaginary number

20
L=5/H

XC=20

C=20/F
XL=30

x =7

18. (2) It is based on photoelectric effect and ionisation energy of an


atom. So, using de-Broglie relation
h
i.e.
=
2 mE

V=220 V, f=50 Hz

83

1
= 500
20
2 50
10 6

5
For
L1 X L = L = 2 50 = 500

For 1st part of circuit, Z1 = R || Z1


Z1 = j ( X L X C ) = j ( 500 500 ) = 0
20 + j 0
Z1 =
=0
20 + j 0
For

C1 XC =

1
=
C

As, we know the that moment of inertia, I for the disc is


where, R is radius of disc.

L2
L2
= ( R 2 )
MR 2 M
2

Thus, % change in rotational kinetic energy,


dK
2 dR
K r = r 100 =
100 = 3%
Kr
R

4. (c) For a cyclic process U = 0

Paper 2

1. (c) As final temperature of a body T = T0 + T


T
= 1 +
T0

= T04

T 4 T04 = 4T03 T

...(i)

T0
t

by dx in time dt. Then amount of heat flowing through the slab in


time dt is given by.
KA [ 0 (T )] dt KAT dt
...(i)
Q=
=
x
x
Now, if dm is the mass of water frozen into ice then, Q = dm L
but dm = A dx
...(ii)

Q = AL dx
Equating Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get
KATdt
L
= AL dx dt =
xdx
x
KT
By integration, we get,
L

x2
1

xdx t =

L
KT

nRT
V

p=

Therefore,

W =

W = nRT [ln V ]vv f = nRT ln

x2

x2

2 x1

Time taken to increase the thickness of the layer


L
t=
[ x 22 x12 ]
2 KT

3. (a) As, percentage change in radius of a metal disc,


dR
( 507.5 500.0 )
100 =
100 = 1.5%
R
500.0
L2
1
1
Rotational kinetic energy K r = I 2 = ( I 2 ) =
2I
2
2I

vf

vi

nRT
dV
V

[from Eq. (i)]

For process ab, Wab = nRTb ln

For process cd , wcd

2. (b) Let the thickness of ice at 0C is x. If the thickness is increased

...(i)

pdV

We have pV = nRT

T
1
1 + 4
T0

0 dt = KT x

vf

vi

(using binomial theorem)

By Stefans law
dT eA 4
=
[T T04 ]
dt
mc
Form Eq (i), we get
dT eA 3
=
4T0 T
dt
mc
dT
dT
So,
T or
(T T0 )
dt
dt
Thus, curve will be given as showin in figure

T = 0 i.e. T = constant.

Now, the work done, W =

According to Newtons law of cooling, we get


T 4 T04 = [(T0 + T ) 4 To4 )]

84

Kr =

On differentiating, we get
dK r
2 dR
=
Kr
R

For 2nd part, Z 2 = j ( X L X C ) = j 10


Equivalent is Z = Z1 + Z 2 = 0 + 10 j
R
0
So, power factor = =
=0
Z 10 j

MR 2
2

Vf
Vi

2 V0
V0

= 1000 R ln 2
V
1
= nRTc ln 0 = 2 R 300 ln
2 V0
2

(QTb = 500 K )

= 600 Rln 2
As the process bc and da is isochoric so, Wbc = 0 and Wda = 0
Work done in complete cycle
W = Wab + Wbc + Wcd + Wda
= 1000 R ln 2 + 0 600 R ln 2 + 0 = 400 Rln 2
This is the value of heat involved in the given cyclic process.

5. (a) Equipartition of energy tells that energy associated with each


1
KT. As the diatomic gas molecule has two
2
rotational degree of freedom so, final temperature of the system.
f n T +f n T
Tf = 1 1 1 2 2 2
f1 n1 + f2 n 2
degree of freedom is

For diatomic gas, F1 = 5, n = 3 and T1 = 250 K


For monoatomic gas,
f2 = 3, n 2 = 5 and T2 = 470 K
5 3 250 + 3 5 470

Tf =
= 360 K
5 3 + 3 5
Suppose, the final angular velocity of diatomic gas molecule is
rms, f then according to law of equipartition of energy
1 2
I rms, f = KT
2
2 KT
Angular velocity of diatomic molecule, rms. f =
I
=

2 1.38 10 23 360
2 .76 10 46
12

rms f = 6 10 rad/s

6. (b) The circular spring is given below.

The two springs can be assumed to be parallel between two


masses m1 and m 2 .
K1
The equivalent spring constant
m1
m2
Keq = K1 + K 2
K2
m1 m 2
while, =
m1 + m 2
1
If the spring cut, the force constant of spring K .
l

K 2 l 2 = K1 l1 = Kl
5l
2l
Substituting l1 = and l 2 = , we get
7
7
5l
K1
= Kl
7
7K
2l
7K
and K 2. = Kl K 2 =

K1 =
5
7
2
7K 7K
Therefore, Keq = K1 + K 2 =
+
5
2
14 K + 35 K 49
=
=
K
10
10
The reduced mass,
m m
m 2 m 2 m2 2
=
= m
1 = 1 2 =
m1 + m 2 m + 2 m 3 m 3
Now, frequency of oscillation.
49
k
keq
49 2 k
k
10
=
=
=

=7
3

10 3 m
15 m
m
2

7. (b) Let the density of liquid be . The total mechanical energy of

9. (d) Let the speed of the wire at any time t be v.


The emf in induced between the ends of wire.
E = vB l
As rails and wire are of zero resistance then,
charge on capacitor.
q = C E = CvBl
dq
dv
The current through the circuit i =
= CBl = CBla
dt
dt
The current is the cause to force on the wire.
Thus, the magnetic force F = i lB = CB 2 l 2 a
So, the net force F F = ma
F CB 2 l 2 a = ma

Acceleration of the wire,

h+ x
h x

+ A ( h + x ) g
+ A ( h x ) g.
2
2

E=

1
dx
(2 A h ) + 2 Ag ( h 2 + x 2 )
dt
2

On differentiating, we get
This implies 2 =

d 2x
dt 2

= acceleration =

2 Ag
x
2 Ah

2 Ag
2 Ah

Thus, the frequency of oscillation of the liquid,


2 Apg
g
or
=
=
2 Ah
h

8. (d) If the potential of sphere is raised to V, the electron should


have a minimum energy + eV to be able to come out. Thus,
emission of photoelectron will stop when
hc
hc
= + eV =
+ eV

a=

F
m + CB 2 l 2

10. (c) Let the magnetic field produced by short bar magnet be B. As
short bar magnet is oscillating, hence the resultant horizontal field
is BH + B.
Now, suppose, M and M denote the magnetic moments of
oscillating magnet and other magnet, respectively.
1 MBH
Then,
=
2
I
and

=
2
v2

1
2

M( BH + B )
I

BH + B
BH

B
60
=1+
40
BH

B
= 1.25
BH

liquid column is
1
dx
{ A ( h + x ) + A ( h x ) }
dt
2

1
1

The change on the sphere needed to take its potential to V is


= ( 4 0 a ) V
The number of electron emitted is
1
4 0 aV 4 0 ahc 1
=
n= =

e
e
0
e2

m2

E=

hc
e

V=

m1

B = 125
. 12 T = 15 10 6 T

As the magnetic field can be written as


2 m
B= 0
4 d 3
2
m =
Bd 3 = 0.5 10 7 15 10 6 ( 40 10 2 )3
0
= 0.5 15 40 40 40 10 5
1
= 64 15 10 2 = 480 10 2 = 4.8 Am 2
2

11. (c) Let m assume a circle of radius x with the centre at the axis of
the cable. The magnetic field at each point of the circle will have
the same magnitude and will be tangential to it.
The circulation of field B along the circle is
B d l = B 2 x
The current enclosed within the circle is
i0
i
. x 2 = 02 x 2
a 2
a

85

Amperes law tells that

Thus, B2 x =

0 i0 x 2

Therefore, Eq (i) becomes


3
mg sin f = mg sin
5
2

f = mg sin
5

B d l = 0 i

a2
B=

0i0 x

2
mg sin
5
2
Minimum coefficient of friction, = tan
5

2 a 2
The direction is along the tangent to the circle.

12. (a) The area of x-section of the outer shell is c 2 b2 . The area
of x-section of outer shell within part c is x 2 b2 . Thus, current
i ( x 2 b2 )
through this part is 0 2
. The net current enclosed by the
c b2
circle is
i ( x 2 b2 ) i 0(c 2 x 2 )
i0 0 2
=
c b2
c 2 b2
From Amperes law, B 2 x =
B=

16. (a) The friction becomes its half when the coefficient of friction
becomes half of its original value, then
1 2
1
2
= tan =
tan = tan
10
2 5
5
Then, net torque = I (given)
mg cos R =

0 i(c 2 x 2 )

N = mg cos =

2
mR 2
3

1
2
tan ( mg cos ) R = mR 2
10
3
Angular acceleration of a sphere
3 g sin
=

10 R

c 2 b2

0 i 0(c x )
2 x (c 2 b2 )

13. (a) Consider the diagram below.


Let the bigger mass of 2 m
accelerates towards right with
acceleration be a. Then, free
body diagram can be given as

17. (a) (A) Emission of radiation Surface property.

M1 m

(B) Automatic open and closing of doors Photoelectric effect

M2 2m

(C) Radio activity Nucleon property

(D) Breader reactor Generatiuon of fuel itself

m2R

2m

2m2R

18. (a) (i) Potential energy of a simple pendulum


y

For mass along M 2 2 m 2 R T = 2 ma

...(i)

For mass along M1 , T m 2 R = ma

...(ii)
x

Adding Eqs (i) and (ii), we get,


m 2 R = 3 ma a =

(ii)

R
3

Range of a projectile when projected at a fixed angle


y

14. (b) Now, substituting the value of a in Eq (i), we get


2R

3
4
Tension developed in the string T = m 2 R
3
2 m 2 R T = 2 m.

15. (c) Consider the diagram.

(iii)
a

The hollow sphere is released from


mg sin
the top of incline having angle of

inclination .
mg mg cos

To prevent the sliding, the sphere


will make only pure rolling in this condition.
...(i)
mg sin f = ma
where, f is friction force
Now, torque produced by the friction about the centre of sphere
(let radius of sphere is R)
2
2
a
...(ii)
f R = mR 2 f = ma
R
3
3
where, a = acceleration
Now, from Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get
2
3
mg sin ma = ma a = g sin
3
5

86

As, square of time period of a simple pendulum as a function of its


length
y

19. (d) (A) Aluminium 0.16


(B) Iron 0.27
(C) Steel 0.19
(D) Tungsten 0.2 4

20. (d) (A) Coefficient of viscosity [ML1 T 1 ]


(B) Gravitational consatant [M -1L3 T 2 ]
(C) Thermal conductivity [MLT 3K 1 ]
(D) A unit vector in a particular direction [M L T K ]

TEST
RIDER
The Simulator Test Series Towards JEE Main and Advanced
(a) 5 V

Instructions
p
p
p

This test consists of 30 questions.


Each question is allotted 4 marks for correct response.
Candidates will be awarded marks as stated above for correct response of each
question. 1/4 marks will be deducted for indicating incorrect response of each
question. No deduction from the total score will be made if no response is
indicated for an item in the answer sheet.
There is only one correct response for each question. Filling up more than one
response in any question will be treated as wrong response and marks for wrong
response will be deducted according as per instructions.

1. The potential energy U of a particle varies with


distance x from a fixed origin as U =

A x
, where A
x2 + B

and B are dimensional constants.


The dimensional formula for AB is

2. A car has to go from station A to station B (the car


will start from rest from station A and comes to halt
at station B ), which are at a distance of 500 m in
minimum possible time. Find this minimum
possible time. The car has a limiting acceleration of
7 m/s2 and it can have a maximum speed of 35 m/s.
(b) 20 s

(c) 10 s

(d) 19.28 s

3. A block of mass 1 kg is attached to one end of a


spring of force constant k = 20 N/m. The other end of
the spring is attached to a fixed rigid support. This
spring block system is made to oscillate on a rough
horizontal
surface
The
initial
( = 0.04).
displacement of the block from the equilibrium
position a = 30 cm. How many times the block
passes from the mean position before coming to
rest? (g = 10 m/s2 )
(a) 11

(b) 7

(c) 6

(d) 15

4. What is the potential difference between points A

6V

5V
6

3
1

4
B

22

4V

A
2

(d) 11.4 V

Q1 and Q2 (< Q1 ) respectively. If they are now


brought close together to form a parallel plate
capacitor C, the potential difference between
them is
(a)

(Q1 + Q 2 )
2C

(b)

(Q1 + Q 2 )
C

(c)

(Q1 Q 2 )
C

(d)

6. A particle of charge q and mass m


P

enters a uniform magnetic field B


(perpendicular to paper inwards)
at P with a velocity v0 at an angle
and leaves the field at Q with
velocity v at angle as shown in
figure. Then,
2 mV0 sin
(c) PQ =
Bq

(Q1 Q 2 )
2C
B

v0

(b) v = v 0

(d) particle remains in the filed for time t =

2 m( )
Bq

7. In the circuit shown in figure,


L
and switch S is closed at
C
time t = 0. The current through
capacitor and inductor will be
equal after a time t equal to
R=

(a) CR

(b) CR ln (2)

(c)

L
R ln (2 )

(d) LR

8. Radiation falls on a target within a solenoid of


2000 turns per metre, carrying a current of 2.5 A.
Electrons emitted move in a circle of radius 10 mm.
What is the wavelength of radiation? The work
function of the target is 0.5 eV, e = 16
. 1019 C,
34
31
h = 6.63 10 J - s, m = 91
. 10 kg.
(a) 1.76 nm

and B of circuit shown in figure?

(c) 10.4 V

5. Two identical metal plates are given positive charge

(a) =

(a) [M1L7/ 2T 2 ] (b) [M1L11/ 2T 2 ] (c) [M1L5/ 2T 2 ] (d) [M1La / 2T 2 ]

(a) 15.65 s

(b) 9 V

(b) 3.52 nm

(c) 4.28 nm

(d) 7.04 nm

9. A radioactive element X converts into another stable


element Y. Half-life of X is 2 hr. Initially, only X is
present. After time t, the ratio of atoms of X and Y is
found to be 1 : 4. Then, t in hours is
(a) 2
(c) 6

(b) 4
(d) between 4 and 6

10. What is the base resistence RB in the circuit as


RC

(a) be at rest
h1 h2
(b) be moving with an acceleration of g

h1 + h2 + h

shown in figure, if hFE = 90?


2 k

9V

g
2( h1 + h2 + 2 )

(c) be moving with a velocity of ( h1 h2 )

RB
4V

(d) exert a net force to the right on the tube

16. A solid whose volume does not change with

3V

(a) 29 k

(b) 82 k

(c) 108 k

(d) 55 k
y

11. A disc of mass M and radius R is


rolling with angular speed on a
horizontal plane as shown in the
figure. The magnitude of angular
momentum of the disc about the
origin O is
(a)

1
MR 2
2

(b) MR 2

(c)

temperature floats in a liquid. For two different


temperatures t1 and t2 , the fraction f1 and f2 of
volume of solid remain submerged. What is the
coefficient of volume expansion of liquid?
(a)

3
MR 2
2

(d) 2 MR 2

12. A satellite is revolving around the Earth with orbital


speed v0 . If it stops suddenly, the speed with
which it will strike the surface of Earth would be
(v e = escape velocity of a particle on Earths surface).
(a)

ve2
v0

(b) v 0

(c) ve2 v 02

(d) ve2 2 v 02

B are two points at which its velocity is zero. It


passes through a certain point P ( AP < BP) at
successive intervals of 0.5 s and 1.5 s with a speed of
3 m/s. Then,
(a) the maximum speed of particle is 3 2 m/s
(b) the maximum speed of particle is 2 m/s
2 1
AP
(c) the ratio
is
BP
2 +1
AP
1
(d) the ratio
is
BP
2

(c)

f1 + f2
f2 t 1 + f1t 2

(d)

f1 + f2
f1t 1 + f2 t 2

taken through a cyclic


process shown in the V-T
diagram. Which of the
following statement is/are
true?

2V0

V
V0

(a) The magnitude of work done


by the gas is RT0 loge 2
(b) Work done by gas is V0T0
(c) Net work done by the gas is zero
(d) Work done by the gas is 2 RT0 loge 2

T0

2T0

a plane surface of glass. The angle of incidence is


60 and refractive index of glass is = 3 / 2. The
diameter of the refracted beam is
(a) 4.00 cm
(c) 3.26 cm

(b) 3.0 cm
(d) 2.52 cm

19. Two identical circular loops of metal wire are lying


on a table without touching each other. Loop A
carries a current which increases with time in
response, the loop B

14. Water from a tap emerges vertically downwards


with an initial speed of 1.0 m/s. The cross-sectional
area of a tap is 104 m2 . Assume that the pressure is
constant throughout the stream of water and that
the flow is steady, the cross-sectional area of stream
0.15 m below the tap is
(b) 10
. 10 4 m2
(d) 2.0 10 5 m2

15. The U-tube has a uniform cross-section as shown in


the figure. A liquid is filled
in the two arms upto heights
h1 and h2 and then the liquid
is allowed to move. Neglect
viscosity
and
surface
tension. When the level
equalise in the two arms, the
liquid will

f1 f2
f1t 1 f2 t 2

18. A circular beam of light of diameter d = 2 cm falls on

13. A particle is excluding SHM on a straight line A and

(a) 5.0 10 4 m2
(c) 5.0 10 5 m2

(b)

17. One mole of an ideal gas is

m
O

f1 f2
f2 t 1 f1t 2

(a) remains stationary


(b) is attracted by the loop A
(c) is repelled by the loop A
(d) rotates about its CM, with CM fixed

20. Two long parallel wires are at a distance 2d apart.


They carry steady equal currents flowing out of the
plane of the paper as shown in the figure. The
variation of the magnetic field B along the line XX is
given by

(a)

(b) X

h1
X

h2
(c)

d
d

(d)

h
d

23

21. A tuning fork of 512 Hz is used to produce


resonance in a resonance tube experiment. The
level of water at first resonance is 30.7 cm and at
second resonance is 63.2 cm. The error in
calculating velocity of sound is
(a) 204.8 cm/s
(c) 51.2 cm/s

(b) 1024 cm/s


(d) 161.3 cm/s

the graph of log I versus time is


as shown by the dotted line in log I
the adjoining diagram, where I
is the current. When the value
of resistance is doubled, which
of the solid curves best
represents the variation of log I versus time?

S
R
Q
P
t

(b) Q
(d) S

23. In a transistor used as an amplifier = 60, RL = 6 k


and internal resistance of the transistor is 600 .
The ratio of power amplification to the voltage
amplification would be
(a) 120
(c) 600

(b) 60
(d) 300

24. The index of refraction of heavy flint glass is 1.68 at


434 nm and 1.65 at 671 nm. Calculate the difference
in the angle of deviation of blue (434 nm) and red
(671 nm) light incident at 65 on one side of a heavy
flint glass prism with apex angle 60.
(a) 3.9
(c) 3.1

(a) 8.57 cm, 17.5 cm and 1.4, 0.4


(b) 9.64 cm, 12.5 cm and 2.4, 3.1
(c) 7.50 cm, 10.4 cm and 1.5, 0.6
(d) 8.65 cm, 18.6 cm and 1.0, 0.8

27. From the figure A, missile of

22. In an RC circuit while charging,

(a) P
(c) R

the lens and still be focused on the film and what are
the magnifications of the images of an object at the
nearest and farthest distances?

(b) 2.9
(d) 2.5

25. When an atom of U235 undergoes fission reaction in


a reactor, about 200 MeV of energy is liberated,
suppose that a reactor using Uranium235 has an
output of 700 MW and is 20% efficient. How many
uranium atoms does it consume in one day? What
mass of uranium does it consume each day?
(a) 9.4 10 23d 1 and 3.5 kg
(b) 9.3 10 24 d 1 and 37
. kg
(c) 9.5 10 24 d 1 and 37
. kg
(d) 9.2 10 24 d 1 and 3.8 kg

400 m/s

mass m moving with velocity


v (v = 200 m/s), explodes in
60
mid air, breaking in two parts

M
3M
of masses
and
. If the
4
4
v2
smaller piece flies off at an
angle of 60 with respect to the original direction of
motion with an initial speed of 400 m/s, then what is
the initial velocity of the other piece?
(a) 225 m/s
(c) 220 m/s

(b) 231 m/s


(d) 227 m/s

28. In hydrogen spectrum, the wavelength of H2 line is


656 nm, whereas in the spectrum of a distant galaxy,
the wavelength of H2 line is 706 nm. Estimated
speed of galaxy with respect to Earth is
(a) 2 10 8 m/s
(c) 2 10 6 m/s

(b) 2 10 7 m/s
(d) 2 10 5 m/s

29. A block and a pan of equal masses are


connected by a string going over a
smooth light pulley as shown in the
figure. Initially the system is at rest. A
particle of mass m falls on the pan and
strikes the pan with a speed v. Find
the speed with which the system
moved just after the collision.
v
3
v
(c)
9

v
5
v
(d)
7

(a)

(b)

30. The half-life of

m
m

215

At is 100 s. If a sample initially


contains 6 mg of the element, what is its activity
initially and after 200 s ?

26. A camera is fitted with a bellows in order to be able


to vary the lens to film distance from 7 to 12 cm.
With a lens of focal length 50 mm, what are the
nearest and farthest distances an object can be from

(a) 1.4 1017 Bq


(b) 1.7 1018 Bq
(c) 1.16 10 23 Bq
(d) 1.9 10 24 Bq

and 2.8 1015 Bq


and 2.5 1017 Bq
and 2.9 10 22 Bq
and 3.4 10 20 Bq

Answers
1. (b)
11. (c)
21. (c)

2. (d)
12. (d)
22. (b)

3. (b)
13. (c)
23. (b)

4. (c)
14. (c)
24. (b)

5. (d)
15. (c)
25. (c)

6. (d)
16. (a)
26. (a)

7. (b)
17. (a)
27. (b)

8. (b)
18. (c)
28. (b)

9. (d)
19. (c)
29. (a)

Detailed solutions of these questions are available on http://www.arihantbooks.com/Physics%20Spectrum.pdf

24

10. (b)
20. (b)
30. (c)

Answer with Explanations


1. (b) As, potential energy U of a particle varies with distance x from
a fixed origin is given by =

Dimensions of A =

(2 n + 1) =

x2 + B

ka
20 0. 3
=
= 15
mg 0.04 1 10

2 n + 1 = 15

here, B must have the dimension of x 2 i.e. [ L2 ]


4 x2

or

A x

[ML2 T 2 ][L2 ]
L1/ 2

7/ 2 2

= [ML

n =7

T ]

AB = [ML7/ 2 T 2 ] [L2 ] = [M1L11/ 2 T 2 ]

4. (c) Let I1 and I2 be the current drawn from cells of emf 6V and 4 V in
the circuit.
Then,

I1 =

6
=1A
2 + 3 +1

I2 =

4
= 0.4 A
6+4

2. (d) Let t is the time in which the car is acquiring maximum speed
35
=7 t = 5s
t
this time the car will cover a distance of
1
1
s = at 2 = 7 52 = 87.5 m. If the car starts deaccelerating at
2
2
t = 5 s, then it will travel a total distance of 2s = 175m, before
coming to rest.

VA VB = 1 3 = 3V, VB VC = 5 V

In

Since, this distance is not the 500 m distance required, the car will
travel for some distance with constant maximum speed. Let this
time be t1 .
Then the velocity-time graph can be drawn as shown in figure.

VC VD = 0.4 6 = 2 .4 V
= 3 + 5 + 2 .4 = 10.4 V

5. (d) Electric field within the plates


E = EQ 1 + EQ 2

v(m/s)
35

+Q1

7
t

VA VD = ( VA VB ) + ( VB VC ) + ( VC VD )

+Q2

E2

E1

7
t1

or

t(s)

E = E1 E 2
Q1
Q2
=

2 A 0 2 A 0

The distance travelled in time t 0 = 500 175 = 325 m


325
time taken, t1 =
= 9.28 s
35

E=

Hence, total time of travel = t + t1 + t = 5 + 9.28 + 5 = 19.28 s

3. (b) Let the initial amplitude a decreases to a1 , to the other side i.e.

Potential difference between the plates.


Q Q 2
Q1 Q 2 Q1 Q 2
VA VB = E d = 1
=
d =
2C
2 A 0
A
2 0
d

after the first sweep,


decreases in elastic potential energy = work done against friction
1 2 1 2
ka ka1 = mg( a + a1 )
2
2
1
or
k( a + a1 )( a a1 ) = mg( a + a1 )
2
2mg
or
(i)
a a1 =
k
2 mg
Similarly
(ii)
a1 a 2 =
k
M
2mg
(iii)
a n 1 a n =
k

or a n =

Substituting in the above equation,


mg
(2 n + 1)
=a
k

6. (d) Velocity vector is perpendicular to magnetic field. Therefore


path of the particle is a circle of radius r =
v0

P
v

90

mv 0
Bq

C S
90

v = v 0 as the speed of the particle does not change in magnetic


field.

On adding Eqs. (i), (ii) and (iii) we get,


2mg
a an =
k
the block stops when mg = ka n

Q1 Q 2
2 A 0

Centre of the circle is C


mg
k

CP = CQ

CPQ = CQP

or

90 = 90

( = )

For the PQ = 2 PR = 2 r cos( 90 ) = 2 r sin


2 mv 0 sin

PQ =
Bq

25

PCR = RCQ =

10. (b) here, hFE = forward current ratio i.e. = 90 , VCE = 4 V

PCQ = 2

arc PSQ = (2 2 )r =
t PSQ =

If IC is the collector current, then

2 mv 0( )
Bq

9 4 = IC RC or IC = 2 .5 mA
I
2 .5mA
= 2 .78 10 5 A
IB = C =

90

PSQ 2 m( )
=
V0
Bq

Since, the transistor operates in active region therefore,

7. (b) As in L-C-R circuit, resistance R is given by


L
R=
C
L
L
or CR =
R2 =
C
R

RB = 82 k

11. (c) From the theorem

Hence, time constants of both the circuits are equal


C = L =
V
i L = (1 e t / )
R
V
iC = (1 e t / )
R

Now,

VBE = 0.7 V
3 0.7
2 .3
= 82 10 3
RB =
=
Ib
2 .78 10 5

(i)

v=R

(ii)

Equating Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get


1
e t / = ,
2
or

(1 e t / ) = e t /

(i)

L 0 = L com + M(r v )

or 2 e t / = 1
t
= ln (2)

t = ln (2) = CR ln (2)

Angular momentum about O = Angular momentum about center


of mass + Angular momentum of center of mass about origin
1
3
= L 0 = I + MRv = MR 2 + MR( R ) = MR 2
2
2

8. (b) Magnetic field inside the solenoid is

B = 0 nI = ( 4 10 7 ) 2000 2 .5 = 2 10 3 T
Bevmax =
=

2
mvmax
r

or vmax =

Ber
m

(2 10 3 ) (1.6 10 19 ) 0.01
9.1 10

31

In this case both the terms in Eq. (i) i.e. L com and M(r v ) have
the same direction X. Thats why we have to use L 0 = I + mrv.

= 1.112 10 7 m/s
hc 1
2
= mvmax
+ W0
2
1
= ( 9.1 10 31 ) (1.112 10 7 )2 + 0.5
2
1.6 10 19

12. (d) Let r be the radius of the satellite from centre of earth.
Then, orbital velocity is given
v 02 =

GM
r

(i)

If, R = radius of earth


= 5.64 10 17

hc
5.64 10 17

( 6.63 10 34 ) ( 3 10 8 )
5.64 10 17

= 3.52 10 9 m

Applying conservation of mechanical energy between points A


and B,
kinetic energy = change in potential energy

9. (d) At t = 0, suppose number of atoms of X is N 0


u=0

At t = 4 hours (i.e. two half lives)


N
Number of atoms of X left undecayed N x = 0
4
3N0
Number of atoms of Y formed, N y =
4
Nx 1

=
Ny 3
At, t = 6 hours (i.e. three half lives),
N
7N0
N x = 0 and N y =
8
8
Nx 1
=
Ny 7
As the given ratio (1/4) lies between (1/3) and (1/7), therefore,
time t lies between 4 and 6 hours.

26

v B

1
GMm GMm
mv 2 =

2
r
R

v2 =

2 Gm 2 Gm
= ve2 2 v 02 = ve2 2 v 02

R
r

13. (c) Let the displacement equation of particle is


x=asint a
t=0
O
P

B
a

A
ax

h h2
U-tube = 1
A where, A = cross-sectional area of tube,
2

Time period of particle would be


T = (t PA + t AP ) + (t PB

2
+ t BP ) = ( 0.5s ) + (1.5s ) = 2 s =

= s 1

x = a sin t

(i)

v = ( a )cos t
1
= t then, tOAP = t +
2

(ii)

and
Let,

tOP

then, 3 = a cos t = a cos t + = a cos + t = a sin t


2
2

t =

or

a =

h h2
loss in potential energy of this liquid = 1
Ag
2
The mass of the entire liquid in U-tube = ( h1 + h2 + h ) A
If this liquid moves with velocity v, then
1
KE = ( h1 + h2 + h )Av 2
2
using law of conservation of energy.

3
= 3 2 m/s = vmax
cos / 4

1
h h2
( h1 + h2 + h ) Av 2 = 1
Ag
2
2

a
=
4
2
a
a
AP a x
2 = 2 1
=
=
a
BP a + x
2 +1
a+
2
x = a sin t = a sin

= density of liquid. The decrease in height of this liquid


h h2
= 1

or

if is coefficient of volume expansion of liquid, then


d0
Density at temperature t1 is, d 1 =
1 + t1
(i)

v1

A1

Density at temperature, t 2 is d 2 =

or

f1 + f1t 2 = f2 + f2t1

A2

f1 f2 = ( f2 t1 f1t 2 )

v2

The coefficient of volumetric expansion of liquid is


(f f )
= 1 2
f2 t1 f1 t 2

Applying continuity equation between 1 and point


A1 v1 = A2 v 2
A
v 2 = 1 v1
A2

(ii)

Substituting value of v 2 from Eq. (ii) in Eq (i)


A12
A22

A2 =

17. (a) In the processes AB and CD, volume is constant therefore, no


work is done
WDA = RT0 loge 2

v12 = v12 + 2 gh
A22 =

or

A12 v12
v12

V
WBC = R(2 T0 )loge 0 = 2 RT0 loge 2
2 V0
Total work done by the gas

+ 2 gh

W = WDA + WBC

A1 v1

= RT0 loge 2 2 RT0 loge 2

v12 + 2 gh

= RT0 loge 2
|W| = RT0 loge 2

Substituting the given values,


A2 =

d0
1 + t 2

According to Archimedes principle


d 1 f2
d 0 1 + t 0
f1 Vd 1 = m = f2 Vd 2 or
= =
d 2 f1 (1 + t1 ) d 0

we get

g
2 ( h1 + h2 + 2 )

16. (a) Let V be the volume of solid, d be its density and m be its mass,

14. (c) Applying Bernoullis theorem between point 1 and 2


v 22 = v12 + 2 gh

v = ( h1 h2 )

(10 4 m2 )(1.0 m / s )

18. (c) Let d be the diameter of refracted beam

(1.0 m / s2 ) + 2 10 0.15

As, cross-sectional area of stream of water 0.015 m below the tap


is A2 = 5.0 10 5 m2 .

60 d
60
p
r

15. (c) When there is equal level of liquid in two arms of U-tube, then
h1 + h2
2
( h1 + h2 ) h1 h2
We may consider that a length h1
of the
=
2
2
liquid has been transferred from left arm to right arm of U-tube.
The mass of the liquid transferred from left arm to right arm of

Q
r

height of liquid in each arms of U-tube =

Then, d = PQ cos 60

i.e.

d = PQ cos r
d
cos r
=
= 2 cos r, d = 2 d cos r
d cos 60

27

sin r =

cos r = 1 sin 2 =
d = (2 )(2 )

Therefore,

3
sin i
1
= 2 =
3

3
2

v = = 512 ( 65.2 0.1) = ( 33980 51.2 ) cm/s


Therefore, error in velocity = 51.2 cm/s

2
3

22. (b) While charging in a RC circuit, I = E e t / RC


R

2
3

Taking log of both sides


log I = log

2
The diameter of refracted beam is = 4
cm 3.26 cm
3

19. (c) For understanding, let us assume that the two loops are lying
in the plane of paper as shown. The current in loop 1 will
produced, magnetic field in loop 2. Therefore,

Perpendicular
to paper outwards

This is the equation of a straight line, with


1
slope =
RC
When R is doubled, slope becomes less negative i.e. more also
at t = 0, current will be less, graph Q represents these facts.
3

600

RC

2 RL
Now, power amplification, AP =
RC

E
t

R RC

23. (b) The voltage amplification AV = RL = 60 6 10 = 600

Perpendicular
to paper inwards
F

= ( 65.0 0.1) cm

As, velocity of sound is

( 60 )2 6000
= 36000
600
A
36000
The required ratio, P =
= 60
AV
600
AP =

increase in current loop 1 will produced an induced current in


loop 2 which produces magnetic field passing through it i.e.
induced current in loop 2 will also be clockwise as shown above.
The loop will now repel each other as the current at the nearest
and farthest points of the two loops.

20. (b) If the current flows out of the paper, the magnetic field at
points to the right of the wire will be upwards and to the left will be
downwards as shown in figure.

24. (b) The minimum deviation formula


Snells law applied to the first surface
n sin 1 1.00 sin 65
sin 2 = 1
=
= 0.549
n2
1.65
or

2 = 33.3

from geometry
B
B

Now, let us come to the problem, magnetic field at C = 0


Magnetic field in region BX will be upwards (+ve) because all
points lying in this region are to the right of both the wires.

Similarly, magnetic field in region AX will be downwards (ve)


magnetic field in region AC will be upwards (+ve), because
points are closer to A compared to B. Similarly magnetic field in
region, BC will be downwards (ve) graph B satisfies all the
conditions.

21. (c) For first resoance,

180 A

or

1 = 47.8

Figure shows a ray traced through the prism. The angle of


deviation is
D = 1 + 1 A
= 65 + 47.8 60 = 52 .8
The difference in D for blue and red light is

30.7 =

+n
4

(i)

63.2 =

3
+n
4

(ii)

D = 557
. 52 .8 = 2 .9

25. (c) Each fission yield 200 MeV = (200 10 6 ) (1.6 10 19 ) J of

for second resonance,

On solving Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get


= 65 cm
The error in measuring the length using metric scale would be
0.1 cm which is least count of metric scale.

28

Snells law applied to the second surfaces thus gives


n sin 2 1.65 sin 26.7
sin 1 = 2
=
= 0.741
n1
1.00

2 = A 2 = 60 33.3 = 26.7

energy
Only 20% of this is utilised efficiently and so,
Energy generated per fission = (200 10 6 ) 1.6 10 19 0.20
= 6.4 10 12 J
Because the reactors output is 700 106 J/s, the number of
fission required per second is

fission/s =

7 10 8 J / s
6.4 10

12

= 1.1 10 20 s 1

and fission/day = 86400 S/d 11


. 10 20 s 1 = 9.5 10 24 d 1
There are 6.02 10

26

=
and

48 10 4
9
400
= 231 m/s
3

v2 =

atoms in 235 kg of Uranium-235. Therefore

the mass of uranium 235 consumed in one day is

28. Since, the wavelength ( ) is increasing, we can say that the galaxy
is receding. Doppler effect can be given by
C+v
=
Cv

9.5 10 24
Mass =
235 = 3.7 kg
6.02 10 26

26. (a) Let S and S refer to object and image distances. The nearest
distance S occer when S is largest, So
1 1 1
1
1
1
= =

=
S f S 5.0cm 12 cm 60 cm
or

or

706 = 656

or

C + v = 1.16 C 1.16 v

v=

magnification of the images of an object at the nearest


S
12 cm
m= =
= 1.4
S 8.57 cm
At the farthest distance
S
7 cm
=
= 0.4
S 17.5cm

27. (b) Over a very small time interval surrounding the moment of
explosion, the effect of gravity, (an external force) can be
neglected. Then, all forces are internal and momentum is
conserved.
The vector diagram for momentum conservation is shown in
figure.
3M
M
v 2 = Mv v1
4
4
4
1
or
v 2 = v v1
3
3
M v1
4

29. (a) Let N = magnitude of the contact force between the particle
and the pan.
T = tension in the string
Consider the impulse imparted to the particle, the force is N in
upward direction and the impulse is N dt . This should be equal
to the change in its momentum.
Thus,
(i)
N dt = mv mV
Similarly considering the impusle imparted to the pan,
(ii)

Tdt = mV

(iii)

On adding Eqs. (ii) and (iii), we get

N dt = 2 mV
Comparing with Eq. (i)
mv mV = 2 mV or V =

v
3

30. (c) The number of radioactive atoms initially present is

60
Mv

3M v2
4

Then,

( N T )dt = mV
and that to the block,

N0 =

0.16C 0.16 3 10 8
=
2 .16
2 .16

v = 0.22 10 8 m/s 2 10 7 m/s

S = 17.5 cm

m=

C+v
Cv

C + v 706
=
= 1.16
C v 656

or

S = 8.57 cm

The farthest distance S occurs when S is smallest, so


1 1 1
1
1
2
= =

=
S f S 5.0cm 7 cm 35cm

(i)

16
8
1
v 22 = v 2 v 2 = ( v v ) + ( v v1 ) + ( v1 v1 )
9
9
9
16
8
1
2
= (200 ) (200 )( 400 )cos 60 + ( 400 )2
9
9
9

( 6 10 3g )
( 6.03 10 23 atoms / mol )
215g / mol

= 1.68 1019 atoms


and the decay constant of 215 At is
ln 2
0.693
=
=
= 6930 s 1
T1 / 2 100 10 6
Hence, the initial activity is
A0 = N 0 = 6930 1.68 1019 = 1.6 10 23 Bq
At

t = T1 / 2
1
A = A0e t = 1.16 10 23
2

= 2.9 10 22 Bq

29

TEST
RIDER
The Simulator Test Series Towards JEE Main and Advanced
Instructions
p
p
p

This test consists of 30 questions.


Each question is allotted 4 marks for correct response.
Candidates will be awarded marks as stated above for correct response of each
question. 1/4 marks will be deducted for indicating incorrect response of each
question. No deduction from the total score will be made if no response is
indicated for an item in the answer sheet.
There is only one correct response for each question. Filling up more than one
response in any question will be treated as wrong response and marks for wrong
response will be deducted according as per instructions.

1. The heat produced in a wire carrying an electric


current depends on the current, the resistance and
the time. Assuming that the dependance is of the
product of powers type, guess an equation between
these quantities using dimensional analysis. The
dimensional formula of resistance is [ML2 I2 T 3 ] and
heat is a form of energy.
(a) KRt
(c) KI 2Rt

(b) KIRt
(d) KIR 2t

2. A sphere of mass m and radius r as shown in figure


slips on a rough horizontal plane. At some instant, it
has translational velocity v0 and
=v0 /2r
r
rotational velocity about the
v0
centre
Find
the f
v0 /2r .
A
translational velocity after the
sphere starts pure rolling.
5
v0
6
4
(c) v 0
3
(a)

6
v0
7
2
(d) v 0
5
(b)

3. The density inside a solid sphere of radius a is given

a
, where 0 is the density at the surface and
r
r denotes the distance from the centre. Find the
gravitational field due to this sphere at a distance 2a
from its centre.
by = 0

1
G0a
2
2
(c) G0a
3
(a)

3
G0a
4
5
(d) G0a
4
(b)

4. A shunt-wound generator delivers 48 A at a brush


potential of 120 V. The field coils have a resistance
of 60 and the armature has a resistance of 0.14 .

If the stray power loss is 500W, what is the efficiency


of the generator?
(a) 85%
(c) 87%

(b) 84%
(d) 89%

5. A source emitting sound of frequency 180 Hz is


placed in front of a wall at a distance of 2 m from it. A
detector is also placed in front of the wall at the
same distance from it. Find the minimum distance
between the source and the detector for which the
detector detects a maximum of sound. Speed of
sound in air = 360 m/s.
(a) 4 m
(c) 7 m

(b) 6 m
(d) 3 m

6. An object is kept in front of a concave mirror at a


distance n times the focal length from focus. The
magnification of image will be
1
n
(c) n

1
n
(d) n

(a)

(b)

7. A particle moves in the X-Y plane with a constant

acceleration of 1.5 m/s2 in the direction making an


angle of 37 with the X-axis. At t = 0, the particle is at
the origin and its velocity is 8.0 m/s along the
X-axis. Find the velocity and the Y
position of the particle at t = 4.0 s.
(a) 15 m/s and (42 m, 6.2 m)
(b) 16 m/s and (45 m, 7.5 m)
(c) 18 m/s and (48 m, 8.5 m)
(d) 13.3 m/s and (41.6 m, 7.2 m)

a=1.5m/s2

37
v=8.0 m/s

8. A 10 F capacitor is charged

through a resistance of 0.1 M from a battery of


1.5 V. Calculate the time required for the capacitor
to get charged upto 0.75 V for situations shown in
Fig. (a) and (b).
R

K
(a)

(a) 0.693 s, 0 s
(c) 0 s, 1 s

(b)

(b) 1 s, 0 s
(d) 0.533 s, 1 s

25

9. Two long straight wires with the same cross-section

14. What amount of heat will be generated in a coil of

are arranged in air parallel to one another. The


distance between the axis of
the wire is times larger than
the radius of wires crosssection. The capacitance of
the wires per unit length would be [ consider, >> 1]

resistance R due to a charge q passing through it, if


the current in the coil decreases down to zero
uniformly during a time interval t?

2 0
1n

(c) 0
1n
(a)

(b)

0
21n

area A and length L is hanging from a fixed support.


Youngs modulus of the material of the rod is Y.
Neglect the lateral contraction. Find the elongation
of the rod.
WL
2 AY

(b)

WL
4 AY

(c)

WL
3 AY

(d)

WL
5 AY

11. White light is incident normally on a glass plate of

thickness 0.50 106 and refracting index of 1.50.


Which wavelength in the visible region
(400 nm-700 nm) are strongly reflected by the
plate?
(a) 429 nm and 600 nm
(c) 475 nm and 640 nm

2 q 2R
3 t
3 q 2R
(d)
2 t
(b)

15. A uniform chain of length l and mass m over changes

(d) Data is insufficient

10. A uniform heavy rod of weight W, cross-sectional

(a)

4 q 2R
3 t
3 q 2R
(c)
4 t
(a)

(b) 575 nm and 650 nm


(d) 520 nm and 690 nm

12. The variation of u and v for a concave lens is shown

a smooth table with its two third part lying on the


table. Find the kinetic energy of the chain as it
completely slips off the table.
(a)

3
mg l
8

(b)

26

(b)

101
99

(c)

99
100

2
mg l
7

(a) 173
. 10 4 NC 1 and 34.7
(c) 428
. 10 9 NC 1 and 45

(b) 2.38 10 8 NC 1 and 40.9


(d) 4.9 1010 NC 1 and 34.7

17. A particle is projected under gravity with velocity


v = 2ag from a point at a height h above the level
plane making an angle . The maximum range R on
the ground is
v=2ag
O

P
f

(a) ( a 2 + 1)h (b) a 2h


f

(d)

(d)

cross-sectional area 20 106 m2 as shown in figure.


The gas occupies a height L, at the bottom of the
tube and is separated from air
at atmospheric pressure by a
L2
Gas
Air
mercury column of mass
Gas
Air
0.002 kg. If the tube is quickly
L
turned isothermially, upside 1
down so that mercury column
encloses the gas from below.
The gas now occupies height L1 in the tube. The
L
ratio 2 is (take, atmospheric pressure = 105 N-m2 )
L1
102
101

4
mg l
9

the vertices A and B of a right angled triangle ABC,


respectively. B is the right angle, AC = 2 103 m
and BC = 102 m. Find the magnitude and direction
of the resultant electric intensity at C.

13. An ideal gas is trapped inside a test tube of

(a)

(c)

16. Point charge 4 106 C and 2 106 C are placed at

in figure. Find correct statement about (1), (2) and


(3) parts of graph.
(a) 1. Real image of virtual object
2. Virtual image of real object
3. Real image of virtual object
(b) 1. Real image of real object
2. Virtual image of real object
3. Virtual image of real object
(c) 1. Virtual image of real object
2. Real image of real object
3. Virtual image of virtual object
(d) None of the above

5
mg l
7

100
99

(c) ah

(d) 2 a ( a + h)

18. As shown in figure, a metal rod makes contact with a


partial circuit and completes the circuit. The circuit
area is perpendicular to a
B=0.15T
magnetic
field
with
B = 015
. T. The resistance
50 cm
of the total circuit is 3 .
v=2m/s
How large a force is
needed to move the rod
x
as indicated with a
constant speed of 2 m/s?
(a) 375
. 10 3 N
(c) 2.98 10 2 N

(b) 475
. 10 4 N
(d) 4.99 10 3 N

19. A man whose weight is 667 N and whose density

980 kg / m3 can just float in water h is head above the


surface with the help of life jacket which is wholly
immersed. Assuming that the volume of his head is
1/15 of his whole volume and that the specific
gravity of the life jacket is 0.25, find the volume of
the life jacket.
(a) 3 L

(b) 5 L

(c) 4 L

(d) 7 L

1.000 kg of water just above the freezing point. A


similar can contains 1.000 kg of water just below the
boiling point. The two cans are brought into thermal
contact. Find the change in entropy of the system.
(a) 96 J/K
(c) 100 J/K

(b) 101 J/K


(d) 105 J/K

21. Find the centre of mass of a metal circular sheet of

2 cm

diameter 6 cm, which has 2 cm square cut out of it.


C
The two sides of the square lie
along diameters of the circle. OM
is bisector of AOD in figure.
A

(a) At 5 cm from O towards B


(b) At the centre of the circle
(c) At 0.233 cm from O towards M
(d) At 3 cm from O towards A

45

M
2cm

22. Two pendulums of lengths 1 m and 1.21 m


respectively starts swinging together with same
amplitude. The number of vibrations that will be
executed by the longer pendulum before the two
will swing together again are
(a) 9

(b) 10

(c) 11

required to raise the temperature of a 15 g block of


Cu from 5 to 30 K?
(a) 0.665 cal
(c) 0.987 cal

(b) 0.771 cal


(d) 0.957 cal

27. A train sounds its whistle as it approaches and


leaves a rail road crossing. An observer at the
crossing measures a frequency of 219 Hz as the
train approaches and a frequency of 184 Hz as the
train leaves. The speed of sound is 340 m/s. Find the
speed of the train and the frequency of its whistle.
(a) 30 m/s and 100 Hz
(c) 35 m/s and 250 Hz

(b) 29.5 m/s and 200 Hz


(d) 25 m/s and 60 Hz

28. In figure, a wire perpendicular to long straight


wire is moving parallel to the latter with a speed
v = 10 m/s in the direction of the current flowing in
the latter. The current is 10A, what is the magnitude
of the potential difference between the ends of the
moving wire?
i 10 A
r

10cm

20. A copper can of negligible heat capacity, contains

(d) 12

v=10m/s

(a) 60

(b) 15

(c) 45

(d) 30

24. From the Zener diode circuit shown in figure, the


current through the Zener diode is
+
220v
50v

(a) 34 mA
(c) 36.5 mA

20k

5k
R1

Output
Voltage

(b) 31.5 mA
(d) 2.5 mA

25. Find the magnitude of the Hall voltage induced


across a silver wire of square cross-section 1 mm on
a side, when it carries a current of 1.5 A and a
transverse magnetic field B of strength 0.1 T is
applied.
(a) 15
. 10 7 V
(c) 14
. 10 9 V

(b) 17
. 10 8 V
(d) 16
. 10 8 V

26. At low temperatures, the specific heat capacity of

metals can be expressed as C = k1T + k3 T 3 , where T


is in kelvin. For Cu, k3 = 2.48 107 cal/g-K4 ,
k1 = 2.75 106 cal/g-K2 . How much heat energy is

2. (b)
12. (a)
22. (b)

3. (a)
13. (b)
23. (d)

4. (b)
14. (a)
24. (b)

5. (d)
15. (c)
25. (d)

V
dr

B
B

(a) 47.2 V

(b) 46.1 V

(c) 45.3 V

(d) 43.4 V

29. A particle free to move along the x-axis has potential

energy
given
by
u(x) = k[1 exp( x2 )] for
x + , where k is a positive constant of
appropriate dimensions. Then,
(a) at points away from the origin, the particle is in unstable
equilibrium
(b) for any finite non-zero value of x, there is a force directed
away from the origin
k
(c) if its total mechanical energy is , it has its minimum kinetic
2
energy at the origin
(d) for small displacements from x = 0, the motion is simple
harmonic

30. One plate of a capacitor is connected to a spring as


shown in figure. Area of both the plates is A. In
steady state separation between the
plates is 6.8 d (spring was unstretched
and the distance between the plates
was d when the capacitor was
unchanged). The force constant of the
E
spring is approximately
40 AE 2
d3
6 E 2
(c) 0 3
Ad

2 0 AE
d2
AE 3
(d) 0 3
2d

(a)

(b)

Answers
1. (c)
11. (a)
21. (c)

r2

23. A sky wave with a frequency 55 MHz is incident on


the D-region of Earths atmosphere at 30. The
angle of refraction is (electron/density for D-region
is 400 electron/cm3)

r1

6. (b)
16. (b)
26. (b)

7. (d)
17. (d)
27. (b)

8. (a)
18. (a)
28. (b)

9. (c)
19. (c)
29. (d)

10. (a)
20. (c)
30. (a)

Detailed solutions of these questions are available on http://www.arihantbooks.com/Physics%20Spectrum.pdf

27

Answer with Explanations


1. (c) Let the heat produced be H, the current through the wire be I,
the resistance be R and the time be t. Since heat is a form of
energy, its dimensional formula is [ML2 T 2 ].
Let us assume that the required equation is
H = KI a R bt c ,
where, K is a dimensional constant.
Writing dimensions of both sides,
[ML2 T 2 ] =[ I a ][ML2I 2 T 3 ]b [Tc ]
= [M bL2b T 3b + c I a 2 b ]
Equating the exponents, we get
b =1
2b =2
3b + c = 2
a 2b = 0
Solving these, we get, a = 2, b = 1 and c = 1
Thus, the required equation is H = KI 2 Rt

2. (b) Velocity of the centre = v0 and the angular velocity about the
v0
. Thus v 0 > 0 r. The sphere slips forward and thus the
2r
friction by the plane on the sphere will act backward. As the
friction is kinetic, its value is N = Mg and the sphere will be
f
deacelerated by cm =
m
Hence,
f
...(i)
v(t ) = v 0 t
m
This friction will also have torque = fr about the centre. This
torque is clockwise and in the direction of 0 . Hence, the angular
acceleration about the centre will be
r
5t
=f
=
2 2 gmr
mr

5
centre =

and the clockwise angular velocity at time t will be


5f
v
5t
(t ) = 0 +
t= 0 +
t
2 mr
2 r 2 mr
Pure rolling starts when v(t ) = r(t )
v
5t
i.e.
v(t ) = 0 +
t ...(ii)
2 2m
Eliminating t from Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get
5
5
v
v(t ) + v(t ) = v 0 + 0
2
2
2
Translational velocity after the sphere starts pure rolling,
2
6
or
v(t ) = 3 v 0 = v 0
7
7

3. (a) The field is required at a point outside the sphere. Dividing the
sphere in concentric shells, each shell can be replaced by a point
particle at its centre having mass equal to the mass of the shell.
Thus, the whole sphere can be replaced by a point particle at its
centre having mass equal to the mass of the given sphere. If the
mass of the sphere is M, the gravitational field at the given point is
GM
GM
...(i)
E=
=
(2 a )2 4 a 2
The mass M may be calculated as follows. Consider a concentric
shell of radius r and thickness dr

28

Its volume is
dV = ( 4 r 2 )d r
a
and its mass is dM = dv = 0 ( 4 r 2dr )
r
= 4 0 ardr
The mass of the whole sphere is
a

M = 4 0 ardr
0

= 2 0 a 3
Thus, by Eq. (i) by the gravitational field is
2 G 0 a 3 1
E=
= G 0 a
2
4a 2

4. (b) The terminal voltage is Vt = 120 V


The delivered power output and the power losses in the field
coils,
PFC = IF2 Rf
and the armature, Pa = Ia2 Ra
The efficiency of power output/power input where the
denominator includes the stray losses.
Thus, Poutput = Vt Ia = 120 48 = 5760 W
2

120
PFC =
60 = 240 W
60
Pstray = 500 W
Parmature = ( 48 )2 0.14
= 322 .56 W
Efficiency of the generator =

5760
100
5760 + 240 + 322 .56 + 520

= 0.84 = 84%

5. (d) The situation is shown in figure. Suppose the detector is


placed at a distance of 4 m from the source. The direct wave
received from the sources travels a distance of
S
x metre. The wave reaching the detector after
reflection from the wall has a travelled
h
1

x2 2
distance of =2 (2)2 + m.
4

The path difference between the two waves is


1

2 x2 2

= 2 (2 ) + x metre
4

Constructive interference will take when = , 2 , ... The


minimum distance x for a maximum corresponds to
=
c 360 m / s
The wavelength is = =
=2m

180 s 1
According to equation (i), we get
1

x2 2
2 (2 )2 + x = 2
4

...(i)

or

x2 2
x
4 + = 1 +
4
2

or

4+

x2
x2
=1+
+ x or x = 3
4
4

6. (b) For concave mirror,


1 1 1
+ =
v u f
and use sign convention, also the magnification in case of
v
concave mirror is given by m =
u
Distance of image
1 1 1
+ =
1
v u f
2
Distance from focus is nf, so distance from
3
1 1 1
pole nf + f1 from the formula, + =
v u f
1
1
1
+
=
v ( nf + f )
f
1
1
1
n
= +
=
v
f ( n + 1)f
( n + 1)f
( n + 1)f
v=
n
Magnification of image
( n + 1)f
n
v
1
m= =
=
u

(
n
+
1
)
f
n

Using this relation

7. (d) A particle accelerate along x-component and y-component,


a x = (1.5 m/s 2 )(cos37 )
4
= 1.2 m/s 2
5
a y = (1.5 m/s 2 )(sin 37 )
= (1.5 m/s 2 )
and

3
= 0.90 m/s 2
5
The initial velocity has components 4 x = 8.0 m/s
and
vy = 0
At
t = 0, x = 0 and y = 0
The x-component of the velocity at time t = 4.0 s is given by
v x = u x + a xt
= 8.0 m/s + (12
. m/s 2 )( 4.0 s )
= 1.5

= 8.0 + 4.8 = 12 .8 m/s


The y-component of velocity at t = 4.0 s is given by
v y = u y + a yt
= 0 + ( 0.90 m/s 2 )( 4.0 s )
= 3.6 m/s 2
The velocity of the particle at t = 4.0 s is
v = v x2 + v y2 = (12 .8 m/s)2 + ( 3.6 m/s)2
= 13.3 m/s
The velocity makes an angle with x-axis where,
v
3.6 m/s
9
tan = y =
=
v x 12 .8 m/s 32
The x-coordinate at t = 4.0 s is
1
x = u xt + a xt 2
2

1
1.2 (4.0)2
2
= 32 m + 9.6 m = 41.6 m
The y-coordinate at t = 4.0 s is
1
y = u yt + a yt 2
2
1
= 0.90 ( 4.0 )2
2
= 7.2 m
Thus, the particle is at (41.6 m, 7.2 m) at t = 4.0 s
= 8.0 4.0 +

8. (a) In case of charging of a capacitor through a resistance


q = q 0[1 e
i.e.

t
RC

t
RC

q
= 1
q0

...(i)

But as for a capacitor, q = CV


q
V 0.75 1
=
=
=
q 0 V0
1.5 2
q
So, substituting the value of in Eq. (i)
q0
e t / RC = 2, i.e. t = CR loge 2
So for circuit (a) C = 10 F and R = 0.1 M
So, t = 10 5 10 5 loge 2 = 0.693 s
However in circuit (b) as capacitor is connected directly to the
battery initially it acts like short circuit and hence, it will change
instantaneously, i.e. t = 0 s.

9. (c) It is based on the combination of two long charged wires will


act as a capacitor. Let us give equal and opposite charges to
two wires so that they would have linear charge densities as +
and
+

dx
x
Electric field at point p

Electric field at point P

E=
+
2 0 x 2 0( a x )
a x

dV = Edx = Edx
a

where, a is radius of wire.


0
C=
=
|v| 1n

10. (a) Consider a small length dx of the rod at a distance x from the
fixed end. The part below this small element has length (L x).
The tension T of the rod at the element equals to the weight of the
rod below it.
W
T = (L x)
L
x
Elongation in the element is given by
dx
Elongation = Original length Stress/Y
Tdx ( L x )Wdx
=
=
AY
LAY

29

Mg
Mg

p0 +
( AL1 ) = p0
( AL 2 )

A
A

( L x ) W dx
LAY
0

The total elongation =

Mg 10 5 + 0.002 10
101
20 10 6
A =
=
Mg
0
.002 10 99
5
p0
10
A
20 10 6

WL
W
x2
W 2 L2
Lx =
L 0 + 0 =
LAY
2 0 LAY
2
2 AY

p0 +

L2
=
L1

11. (a) The light of wavelength is strongly reflected if


1

2 d = n +

...(i)

14. (a) Suppose initial current is i 0 then


t

t
t

i(t ) = io 1 q = i 0 1 dt

t
t
0

where, n is a non-negative integer.


2 d = 2 1.50 0.5 10 6 m
= 1.5 10 6 m

...(ii)

Putting = 400 nm in Eq. (i) and using Eq. (ii)


1

1.5 10 6 m = n + ( 400 10 9 m ) or n = 3.25

2
Putting = 700 nm in Eq. (ii), we have
1

1.5 10 6 m = n + (700 10 9m ) or n = 1.66

2
Thus, within 400 nm to 700 nm, the integer n can have the values
2 and 3. Putting these values of n in (i), the wavelengths becomes
4d
=
= 600 nm and 429 nm
2n +1

12.

Thus, light of wavelengths 429 nm and 600 nm are strongly


reflected.
1 1 1
(a) It is based on the mirror formula i.e. + = , then the sign
v u f
convention can be decided accordingly.
Then, take the cases such as
1. u > 0, v > 0, 2. u < 0, v < 0
3. u > 0 and v < 0
For part (1) u > 0, v > 0, so object is virtual and real image.
For part (2) u < 0, v < 0, then it is real object and virtual image.
For part (3) u > 0, v < 0, so it is virtual object and real image.

13. (b) If pressure near any area A of mercury column is A, then force
on the column will be pA. The force on the column will be
perpendicular to the surface.
PO A

i0 =

PL A

mg
P0 A

Rdt

4q 2 R
t2
2t
2q
1 +
dt R =
3 t
2

15. (c) Let us take the zero of potential energy at the table. Consider a
part dx of the chain at a depth x below the surface of the table.
m
The mass of this part is dx = dx and hence its potential energy is
l
m
dx gx.
l
The potential energy of the

l
of the chain
3

that overhangs is
l/ 3

U1 =

m
gxdx
l

dx
l

m x2 3
1
= g =
mg l
l
2
18

0
This is also the potential energy of the full chain in the initial
position because the part lying on the table has zero potential
energy. The potential energy of the chain when it completely
ships off the table is
l

V2 =

m
1
gx dx = mg l
l
2

1
1
4
The loss in potential energy =
mg l mg l = mgl
18
2
9

16. (b) Figure shows the right angle triangle ABC, such that

p2 A
mg

p1 A

2q

t 1 t
0

Force on the column are shown in above diagram. For the


equilibrium, forces must be balanced.
In first stage equilibrium of mercury column
p0 A

2q
t

Amount of heat generated in a coil, H =

P2 A
mg

mg
p0 A

Similarly in second stage, p0 A + Mg = p0 A


Mg
So,
p1 = p0 +
A
Mg
p2 = p0
A
For isothermal changes. p1 V1 = p2 V2

30

So,

AC = 2 10 2 m and BC = 10 2 m. The charges of q A = 4 10 6 C


and q B = 2 10 6 C are placed at the
vertices A and B respectively.
Let E A and E B be electric intensity at
point C due to charges q A and q B ,
respectively. Then,
1
qA
EA =

= 9 10 9
4 0 ( AC )2

4 10 6

E

EB
EA
C
2

10
2

A
2
qA=410 C

(2 10 2 )2
7

= 9 10 NC (along AC)
1
qB
2 10 6
EB =

= 9 10 9
4 0 ( BC )2
(10 2 )2
= 18 10 7 NC 1 (along BC)

qB=210-2m

If is angle between the direction of E A and E B , then


E = E A2 + E B2 + 2 E A E B cos
In right angled ABC, ACB =
BC
10 2
cos =
=
= 0.5

AC 2 10 2
or

667 14

gV

15
Volume of the life jacket, Vj = water
0.75 g
14
0.667 ( 9.8 )( 0.07 )
15
=
( 0.75)( 9.8 )

= 60

Hence, E = ( 9 10 7 )2 + (18 10 7 )2 + 2 9 10 7 18 10 7 0.5

= 3.637 10 3 m 3 4 10 3 m 3

= 9 10 7 1 + 4 + 2 = 2 .38 10 8 NC 1
Suppose that the resultant electric intensity E makes an angle
with line AC. Then,
E B sin
18 10 7 sin 60
tan =
=
E A + E B cos 9 10 7 + 18 10 7 cos 60
=
or

18 10 7 0.866
9 10 7 + 18 10 7 0.5

= 0.866

= 40.9

17. (d) The coordinate of point P are ( R1 h ).


These coordinates should satisfy the equation of projectile, i.e.
gR 2
h = R tan
(1 + tan 2 )
2 (2 ag )
or

=4L

20. (c) For the contents of either can, dH = CmdT , where for water,
Cm = 4184 J/K Since, the heat capacities of the two masses are
equal, the final temperature will be average of the initial
temperature.
T + T2i
T1f = T2f = 1i
2
273 K + 373 K
=
= 323 K
2
Then, change in entropy of the system, S = S1 + S 2
T1 f
T1 i

R tan 4 aR tan + ( R 4 ah ) = 0

4 a ( R 4 ah )
R 2 4a ( a + h)

or

R 2 a ( a + h)

OP = r1 = 12 + 12 = 2 at 45 with OB
Mass of remaining portion,
M 2 = ( 3 )2 4 = ( 9 4 ) sq cm

18. (a) The induced emf in the rod causes a current of flow counter
clockwise in the circuit because of this current in the rod, it
experiences a force to the left due to the magnetic field. In order to
the pull the rod to the right with constant speed, this force must be
balanced by the puller.
The emf induced in the loop is

BA B( Lx )
|| = N
=1
=
= BLv
t
t
t
Mechanical power supplied to circuit = Rate at which electric
work is done on charge
||2
( q )( )
Eq. (i)
Fv =
= I|| =
t
R
Substitute the value of | | in Eq. (i), we get
B 2 L2 v
F=
R
( 0.15 T )2 ( 0.50m )2 (2 m / s )
=
3
F = 3.75 10 3 N
Force is needed to move a rod is 3.75 10 3 N
g

= + 100 J/K
Mass of square, m1 = 4 . Its centre of mass is at P where

The maximum range is


Rmax = 2 a ( a + h )

19. (c) The mans volume is V = W =

21. (c) Let be the mass per unit area (1 sq cm) of disc

or

dT1 2
dT
+ Cm 2
T1 T i
T2

323 K
323 K
= (4184 J/K) ln
+ ln

273 K
273 K

or

T f

= Cm

For to be real
( 4 aR )2 4 R 2( R 2 4 ah )
2

[1 L = 10 3 m 3 ]

667
= 0.07 m 3
980 9.8

Equating the buoyant force to the weight of the man plus the
weight of the life jacket
14

water g V + Vj = 667 + ( 0.25 water )g Vj


15

M 2 = ( 9 4 ), r2 = ?
As centre of mass of circular plate is at O,
r=0

M1 r1 = M 2 r2
Mr
4 2
r2 = 1 1 =
= 0.233 cm
M2
( 9 4 )
i.e. At 0.233 cm from point 0 towards M.

22. (b) Let T1 and T2 be the time periods of the pendulum with lengths
1.0 m and 1.21 m, respectively.
T2
l
121
.
= 2 =
= 11
.
T1
l1
1

...(i)

Let V1 and V2 be the vibrations made by two pendulum to swing


together.
(ii)
VT
1 1 = V2T2
For the two pendulums to swing together, required condition is
V1 V2 = 1 or V1 = V2 + 1

( V2 + 1)T1 = V2T2
( V2 + 1) T2
or
=
= 11
.
V2
T1
or
or

1+

1
= 11
.
V2

1
= 11
. 1 = 0.1
V2
1
1
=
V2 10

or

V2 = 10

31

As the train recedes from him. Dividing Eq. (i) by Eq. (ii), we find
that
a |v| + |vT|
...(iii)
=
T |v| |VT|

23. (d) For D-region, = 55 10 6 Hz


i = 30 N = 400 10 6 electron/cm 3
As

= 1
= 1

Also,
or

81.45N
2

81.45 400 10 6
( 55 10 6 )2

Solving this equation for the speed of the train,


r
|vT| = |v| a
= 29.5 m/s
a + r

sin i
or sin i = sin r
sin r
i = r = 30

Using Eqs. (iv) and (i), we get


|v | 2 a r
0 = a 1 T =

|v| a + r

24. (b) R = 5 10 3 , Vi = 220 V, zener voltage, V2 = 50 V

= 200 Hz

V
50
Load current, IL = 2 =
= 2 .5 10 3 A
RL 20 10 3

28. (b) According to right-hand rule, the magnetic field due to the

Current through R, I = I I2
= 34 10 3 2 .5 10 3 = 31.5 10 3 A
= 31.5 mA

25. (d) Let the wire run in the X-direction and the magnetic field in the
Z-direction. In the Hall effect, the Lorentz force, which is due to B2
and the induced electric field E y vanishes
...(i)
eE y = eVx Bz
Allowing the conduction electrons to move down the wire at drift
speed v n .
I
I
...(ii)
vn =
=
Ane l 2 ne
and the Hall voltage is given by
V
Ey = H
l
Substituting (ii) and (iii) in Eq. (i), we get
IB
VH = 2
nel
Transverse magnetic field BH
1.5 A 0.1 T
=
5.85 10 28 m 3 1.6 10 19 C 1 10 3 m
= 1.6 10

current carrying wire is directed down into the plane of the figure
all along the wire segment AB.
i
The magnitude of the field is B = 0
2 r
Since v is perpendicular to B,
|v B | = Bv
Lorentz force to be zero (as required for the equilibrium of a
mobile charge carries in the wire segment)
There must be an electric field
Eopp = v B
Eopp is directed from A towards B along the wire, so that the
electric potential is higher at A than at B, VA > VB , specifically
r2
r1

...(iii)

r1

r2

iv dr iv r
= 0 = 0 ln 2
2 r r
2 r1
1
Using

i = 10 A, v = 10 m/s,

r2 10 cm
=
= 10
r1 100 cm

VA VB = 2 10 7 10 10 ln 10 = 46.1 V
2

29. (d) As, potential energy of a particle U( x ) = k(1 e x )


It is an exponentially increasing graph of potential energy |U| with
x 2 . Therefore, U versus x graph will be as shown.
U
From the graph, it is clear that origin potential
K
energy U is minimum (therefore, kinetic energy
O
will be maximum) and force acting on the
n
particle is also zero because
dU
F=
= (slope of U- x graph) = 0
dx
Therefore, origin is the stable equilibrium position. Hence, particle
will oscillate simple harmonically about n = 0 for small
displacement.

26. (b) The heat energy required is given by


Tf

H = m c (T ) dT
Ti

Tf

= m (k1T + k 3T 3 ) dT
Ti

k
k

= m 1 (Tf2 Ti 2 ) + 3 (Tf4 Ti 4 )
4
2

Inserting the given numerical values, we find that


6
2 .48 10 7
2 .75 10

2
2
H = 150
( 30 4 54 )
( 30 5 ) +
2
4

30. (a) In equilibrium, electrostatic attraction between the plates =


spring force

= 0.0180 + 0.7527 = 0.771 cal

27. (b) In case of only the source is moving with respect to the
medium. Let |vT| denote the speed of the train and 0 denote the
emitted frequency, the observer measure a frequency
|v|
...(i)
a = 0
= 219 Hz
|v| |vT|

32

r2

VA VB = |Eopp|( r )dr = Bvdr

As the train approaches and a frequency


|v|
T = 0
= 184 Hz
|v| + |vT|

...(iv)

...(ii)

q2
= kn
2 0 A
(CE )2
= k(d 0.8 d )
2 0 A
2

0 A 2

E
0.8 d
= 0 . 2 dk
2 0 A

Force constant of the spring, k =

0 AE 2
0.256d

4 0 AE 2
d3

TEST
RIDER
The Simulator Test Series Towards JEE Main and Advanced
4. A stationary observer receives sonic oscillation from

Instructions
p
p
p

This test consists of 30 questions.


Each question is allotted 4 marks for correct response.
Candidates will be awarded marks as stated above for correct response of each
question. 1/4 marks will be deducted for indicating incorrect response of each
question. No deduction from the total score will be made if no response is
indicated for an item in the answer sheet.
There is only one correct response for each question. Filling up more than one
response in any question will be treated as wrong response and marks for wrong
response will be deducted according as per instructions.

1. In the figure shown, a parallel capacitor having


square plates of edge a and plate separation d. The
gap between the plates is filled with a dielectric
constant k which varies parallel to an edge a, where
k and are constants and x is the
distance from the left end.
k
Calculate the capacitance.
k = k0 + x
(a)

0 a 2
a
k0 +

d
2

(b)

3 0a
a
k0 +

4d
4

(d)

0 a
a
k0 +

6d
2

directions are placed at x = a parallel to y-axis


with z = 0. Magnetic field at origin O is B1 and at
B
P (2a, 0, 0) B2 . Then, the ratio 1 is
B2
(b)

1
2

(c)

1
3

(d) 2

(a)

A
B

(b)

A
3
1

B
2

(c)

1
3
A

B
2

(d)

3A
2B

5. A ball of mass m is thrown upwards with a velocity v.


If air exerts an average resisting force F, then the
velocity with which the ball returns to the thrower is
(a) v

mg
mg + F

(b) v

F
mg + F

(c) v

mg F
mg + F

(d) v

mg + F
mg

6. Two bodies of masses m1 and m2 are placed at a


distance r apart. Then at the position, where
gravitational field due to them is zero, the
gravitational potential is
(b) G m1 / r
(d) G( m1 +

m2 )2 / r

a spring attached to the bottom of the vessel. In


equilibrium
spring
is
compressed. The vessel now
moves downwards with an
acceleration
The
a ( < g).
spring length
(a) will become zero
(b) may increase, decrease or remain constant
(c) will decrease
(d) will increase

3. A ray of light enters into a glass slab


from air as shown in the figure.
Refractive index of glass is given by
= A Bt, where A and B are
constants, thickness t is from top of
slab. Maximum distance travelled
by light in medium is

(b) 2 m/s
(d) 1.5 m/s

7. A block is submerged in a vessel filled with water by

2. Two parallel wires carrying equal currents in opposite

(a) 3

(a) 1 m/s
(c) 0.5 m/s

(a) zero
(c) G m2 / r

(c)

0 2 a 2
a
3k 0 +

d
2

two tuning forks, one which approaches and other


recedes with same speed. As this take place the
observer hears the beat frequency 2 Hz. Find the
speed of each tuning fork, if their oscillation is
680Hz and velocity of sound in air is 340m/s.

60
Air
Slab

8. A uniform disk of mass M and radius R is supported


vertically by a pivot at its centre. As shown in figure,
a small dense object (also of mass m) is attached to
the rim and raised to the
Mass m
highest point above the
centre.
The
(unstable) Mass
R
system is then released. M
What is the angular speed of

71

the system, when the attached object passes directly


beneath the pivot?
6g
(a)
5R
4g
(c)
3R

8g
(b)
3R
10g
(d)
7R

9. A conducting circular loop of radius a and


resistance R is kept on a horizontal plane. A vertical
time varying magnetic field B = 2t is switched on at
time t = 0. Then,
(a) power generated in the coil at any time t is constant
(b) flow of charge per unit time from any section of the coil
is constant
(c) total charge passed through any section between time
4 a 2
t = 0 to t = 2 is

R
(d) All of the above

10. A metal ring of mass m and radius R is placed on a


smooth horizontal table and is set rotating about its
own axis in such a way that each part of the ring
moves with a speed v. Find the tension in the ring.
mv 2
2 R
m 2v 2
(d) T =
2 R

mv
2 R
mv
(c) T =
R
(a) T =

(b) T =

between C and D, so that the resistance of the entire


circuit between A and B does not change with the
number of elementary sets used, is
R
A

(a) R
(c) R( 3 1)

R
R

R
C

R
R

(b) 3R
(d) R( 3 + 1)

12. Two equal point charges are fixed at x = a and


x = + a on the x-axis. Another point charge Q is
placed at the origin. The change in the electrical
potential energy of Q, when it is displaced by a small
distance x along the x-axis, is approximately
proportional to
(a) x
(c) x 3

(b) x 2
(d) 1 / x

13. An infinitely long conductor PQR is bent to form a


right angle as shown in figure. A current I flows
through PQR. The magnetic field due to this current
at the point M is H1 , now another infinitely long
straight conductor QS is connected at Q, so that the
I
current is in QR as well as in QS, the current in PQ
2
remaining unchanged.

72

1
(a)
2
2
(c)
3

90
P

90

(b) 1

(d) 2

14. A thin plano-convex lens of


focal length f is split into two
halves, one is placed at O x
1
x2
certain distance to other.
Magnification of image by
1.8m
one half is 2 and object and
image are at a distance of 1.8 m, then
(a) x1 = 0.6 m
(c) f = 0.4 m

L2

(b) x2 = 12
. m
(d) None of these

15. A 4 g bullet is fired horizontally with a speed of


300 m/s into a 0.8 kg block of wood at rest on a table.
If the coefficient of friction between the block and
the table is 0.3, how far will the block slide? What
fraction of the bullets, energy is dissipated in the
collision itself?
(a) 0.815 m and 98.6%
(c) 0.675 m and 85.7%

11. In the figure, the value of resistors to be connected

The magnetic field at M is now


H
H2 . The ratio 1 is given by
H2

(b) 0.379 m and 99.5%


(d) 0.425 and 96.4%

16. In the adjacent diagram, CP


represents a wavefront and AO
and BP are the corresponding two
rays. Find the condition on Q for
constructive interference at P
between the ray BP and reflected
ray OP.
3
(a) cos =
2d
(c) sec cos =

C
A

(b) cos =
4d

(d) sec cos =

4
d

17. The radius of a typical atomic nucleus is about


5 1015 m. Assuming the position uncertainity of a
proton in the nucleus to be 5 1015 m. What will be
the smallest uncertainity in the protons
momentum? What is its energy in eV?
(a) 4 10 19 kg m/s, 415 keV (b) 1.05 10 -20kg m/s, 412 keV
(c) 2 10 -14 kg m/s, 310 keV (d) 9 10 -14 kg m/s, 225 keV

18. In the given circuit R1 = 20, R2 = 40, R3 = 60,


R4 = 180, C = 5 F and E = 6 V. The switch has been
closed for a long time. What is C R1 D R2 E
the charge on the capacitor?
(a) Zero
(b) 2.5 C
(c) 5C
(d) 10C

R3
B

R4
F

G
S
A

E=6V

JEE MAIN RIDE 3


3

19. A 4 F capacitor and a resistance of 2.5m are in


series with 12V battery. Find the time after which
the potential difference across the capacitor is
3 times the potential difference across the resistor.
(given ln 2 = 0.693)
(a) 13.86s

(b) 0.693s

(c) 7s

20. The magnetic field in a region


x
is given by B = B0 k. A
a

(a) B0v 0 d

(b)

B0v 0d 2
2a

(c)

y
d
d
x

(d)

B0v 0 d 2
a

21. When modulation percentage is 75, an AM


transmitter produces 10 kW. What would be
percentage power saving, if the carrier and one of
the sidebands were suppressed before transmission
took place?
(a) 89.1%

(b) 9.1%

24

(c) 7.81%

60

48V

y
1

temperature difference between its two junctions


2
in accordance with the relation E = 70 , where
20
E is in micro volt, is in degree celcius and one
junction is at zero degree celcius. If E may be
determined to be 100V, the possible error in C,
when measuring a temperature of 200 C is
(a) 14
.

B0v 0d 3
a2

30

20

25. The emf E of a certain thermocouple depends on the

(d) 18s

square loop of side d is placed


with its edge along the x and
y-axes. The loop is moved
with a constant velocity v = v0 .
The emf induced in the loop is

(a) 160 V
(b) 128 V
(c) 80 V
(d) 62 V

(d) 100%

(b) 17
.

(c) 2.0

(d) 5.0

26. In the ideal double slit experiment, where a glass


plate (refractive index 1.5) of thickness t is
introduced in the path of one of the interfering
beams (wavelength) the intensity at the position
where the central maximum occurred previously
remains unchanged. The minimum thickness of the
glass plate is
(a) 2

(b)

2
3

(c)

(d)

22. A 10 kg instrument packet is fixed vertically to a

27. A mixture of violet light of wavelength 3800 and

height of 637 km above the Earths surface. Which


corresponds to a distance from centre of the Earth of
1.1 times the Earth radii. Find the weight (W) and
potential energy (PE) of the instrument packet at its
maximum altitude. (take the Earths surface as the
zero level of PE)

blue light of wavelength 4000 is incident


normally on an air film of 0.00029 mm thickness.
The region of the refracted light is

(a) 90 N and 65 mJ
(c) 81 N and 57 mJ

(b) 95 N and 70 mJ
(d) 75 N and 60 mJ

23. The dispersive power of crown and flint glasses are


0.03 and 0.05 respectively. The refractive indices for
yellow light of these glasses are 1.57 and 1.64
respectively. It is desired from a chromatic
combination of prisms of crown and flint glasses
which can produce a deviation of 1 in the yellow
ray. Find the refracting angles of the two prism
needed.
(a) 5.6 and 7.8
(c) 6.1 and 3.4

(a) infrared

(b) visible

(d) electromagnetic

28. A 120V, 60W lamp is run from a 240V, 50Hz mains


supply using a capacitor connected in series with
the lamp and supply. What is theoretical value of the
capacitor required to operate the lamp at its normal
rating?
(a) 3.8 F

(b) 6.6 F

(c) 7.7 F

(d) 13.3 F

29. A 100 eV electron is fired directly towards a large


metal plate having surface charge density
2 106 cm2 . The distance from where the
electron be project so that it just falls to strike the
plate is
(a) 0.22 mm

(b) 4.8 and 2.4


(d) 3.9 and 5.3

(c) ultraviolet

(b) 0.44 mm

(c) 0.66 mm

(d) 0.88 mm

30. For a transistor amplifier in common-emitter

24. The potenial difference across 8 resistance is 48 V


as shown in figure. The value of potential difference
across X and Y points will be

configurations for load impedance of 1 k (hfe = 50s


and hoe = 25s), then current gain is
(a) 5.2

(b) 157
.

(c) 24.8

(d) 4878
.

Answers
1. (a)
11. (c)
21. (a)

2. (a)
12. (b)
22. (c)

3. (c)
13. (c)
23. (b)

4. (c)
14. (c)
24. (a)

5. (c)
15. (b)
25. (c)

6. (d)
16. (b)
26. (a)

7. (d)
17. (b)
27. (c)

8. (b)
18. (b)
28. (c)

9. (d)
19. (a)
29. (b)

10. (b)
20. (d)
30. (d)

Detailed solutions of these questions are available on http://www.arihantbooks.com/Physics%20Spectrum.pdf

APRIL 2015

73

Answer with Explanations


1. (a) It is based on the parallel plate capacitor with plate area A and
separation d between the plates. Then dielectric slab of dielectric
constant k is inserted in the space between the plates i.e.
Q k 0 A
c= =
= K C0
V
d

4. (c) It is based on Doppler effect. When relative separation

dx

A
where,
C = 0 is the capacitance without the dielectric.
d
Consider a small strip of width dx at a separation x from the left
as in figure.
The strip from a small capacitor of plate area xdx its capacitance
is
( k + x ) 0 adx
dC = 0
d
The given capacitor may be divided into such strips with x
varying form o to a. All these strips are connected in parallel.
The capacitance of the given capacitor is
a( k + ax ) adx
0
C= 0
0
d
a2
a
C = 0 k0 +

d
2

2. (a) Case I If the currents are in the direction shown in figure.


Then,
i
i
B1 = 2 0 k$ = 0 k$ = magnetic
2 a
a

field at o
i
i
B 2 = 0 k$ 0 k$ = magnetic field
2 a
2 3a
at P
i
= 0 k$
3 a
B1

=3
B2
Case II In this case B1 =

P
O

y
i

B1
=3
B2

3. (c) It is based on TIR and refraction of light. There will be refraction


from different parts. When the angle of incidence in denser
medium will more than critical angle for the consecutive layers,
TIR will occur and light will be reflected back.
Path of light followed in slab should be a curve and at maximum
depth it should be horizontal.
By Snells law at maximum depth, 1 sin 60 = sin 90

74

where,

v 0 = observed speed
v s = source speed

v v0
According to Dopplers effect, f =
f0
v vs
For given arrangement,
v
Frequency due to (1) f1 =
f0
v vs
v
Frequency due to (2) f2 =
f0
v + vs
Q

f1 f2 = beat frequency = 2Hz


vf0
vf0

=2
v vs v + vs

2v
vf0 2 s 2 = 2 , i.e, [ v s << v ]
v vs
vf0 2 v s
So,
=2
v2
2 v 340 1
Speed of each tuning fork, v s =
=
= = 0.5 m/s
2 f0 680 2
mg + F
m
v2
v 2. m
Distance, S =
=
2 a 2 ( mg + F )

Retardation ( a ) =

...(i)

For downward motion, net force = mg F


mg F
m
v2
v2 m
Distance, S =
=
2 a 2( mg F )

Acceleration ( a ) =

As
P

increases there will be decrease in frequency observed. When


relative separation decreases then apparent frequency observed
will increases.
v v0
f =
f
v m vs

5. (c) For upward motion, Retarding force = mg + F


x

0 $
i
k and B2 = 0 k$
a
3 a

3
= ( A Btmax ) 1
2
1
3
Thickness of a slab, tmax = A

B
2

(ii)

S = S
v 2m
v2 m
=
2 ( mg + F ) 2 ( mg F )

velocity with which the ball returns to the thrower is


mg F
v = v
mg + F

6. (d) Let O be a point at a distance x from mass m1 , where


gravitational intensity due to two masses be zero. So
o

m1

m2
x

(r-x)

Gm1
x
or

Gm 2
2

(r x)

r
1=
x

rx
=
x

m2
m1

and

m2
m1

or

r
=1+
x

or

x=

and

or

m2
=
m1

m1 + m 2

Solving, angular speed of the system f =

m1

m1 r

dB
=2
dt
d
dB
Induced emf |e | =
=A
dt
dt
e = ( a 2 )2 = 2 a 2

m2 r
m1 + m 2

Total gravitational potential at O


Gm1 Gm 2
=

x
rx
=

Gm1 ( m1 + m 2 )
m1 r

Flow of charge per unit time through any section of the


coil = induced current,
e 2 a 2
i= =
= constant
R
R
Also, power generated, P = i 2 R = constant

Gm 2 ( m1 + m 2 )
m2 r

G
= [ m1 ( m1 + m 2 ) + m 2 ( m1 + m 2 )]
r
G
G
= [ m1 + m 2 + 2 m1 m 2 ] = ( m1 + m 2 )2
r
r

Total charge passed through any section between t = 0 s to t = 2s


is
2 a2
4 a 2
q = it =
(2 0 ) =
R
R

7. (d) When the vessel was at rest. Equilibrium of block gives


weight = kx + upthrust
or
(i)
W = kx + F
As the spring moves downwards with acceleration a ( < g )
upthrust is reduced.
Now, let x be the new compression
kx F
Then, W kx F = ma
x
g a
or
W kx
F = a
g
g
or
or
or

8g
3R

9. (d) As, magnetic field inside a circular loop, B = 2 t

m1 + m 2

(r x) =

3
M 2 R 2
4
E i U f = 3 MgR MgR
3
2 MgR = M 2f R 2
4
Kf =

a
a
F =W
g
g
a
a
kx kx + F = W
g
g
a
x = x + (F W )
gx

(W F ) kx +

Now since, F < W (from Eq. (i))


x < x
Therefore, length of spring will increases.

W
kx F

10. (b) Consider a small part ABC of the ring

that subtends an angle at the centre


A
as shown in figure. Let the tension in the
/2
ring be T.
C
/2
O
The forces on this small part ACB
tension T by the part of the ring left to A
B
tensinT by the part of the ring right to B.
T
The tension at A acts along the tangent
at A and the tension at B acts along the tanget at B. As the small
part ACB moves in a circle of radius R at a constant speed v.
Its acceleration is towards the centre (along CO) and has a
magnitude ( m ) v 2 / R
Resolving the forces along the radius CO
v2

T cos 90
+ T cos 90
= m

2
2
R

8. (b) If we take the lowest point on the disk as the reference level of
gravitational potential energy, the initial total energy is given by
E i = K i + U i = U i = MgR + Mg(2 R )
= 3MgR
When the object passes beneath the pivot, the potential energy
is given by,
U f = MgR + ( Mg )(10 ) = MgR
The final kinetic energy of the system is given by
1
1
K f = Id 2f + M( f R )2
2
2
3
= M 2f R 2
4
1
2
Since, Id = MR is the moment of inertia of the uniform disk.
2
The system conservative, so that,
E i = E f = Kf + Uf

or

2 T sin

v2

= m
2
R

(i)

The length of the part ACB is R as the total mass of the ring is
m, the mass of the part ACB will be
m
m
m =
R =
2 R
2
Putting m in Eq. (i)
v2
m
=

2 T sin
2
2
R
mv 2 / 2
2 R sin ( / 2 )
/ 2
As, is very small,
1
sin ( / 2 )
or

T=

(ii)

Substitute the value in Eq. (ii), we get


mv 2
Tension in the ring is T =
2 R

75

11. (c) Cut this combination of resistances from PQ and let the

14. (c) In the given situation, if the

resistance towards right of PQ be R0 whose value should be such


that of connected across AB does not change the entire
resistance of the system. Then, the combination is reduced to as

magnification of first lens is m, then


magnification of second lens in 11m.
Given that, magnification at one half is
2. For L1 , object is close so that will be
the point with magnification 2, so
1
other half will have m =
2
v
For magnification m =
u
(1.8 x1 )
For L1 ,
m = 2 =
x1

R P
A

R
R

R
R

R
C

R
R

R
P

RO

For L 2 ,

The resistance across PQ = R0 + 2 R


Thus, resistance between A and B
( R + 2 R ) R R0 R + 2 R 2
= 0
=
( R0 + 2 R ) + R
R0 + 3 R
(as per assumption)

= Ro
So, R0 R + 2 R 2 = R02 + 3 RR0
or R02 + 2 RR0 2 R 2 = 0
or

12. (b)

x= a

x=0
x=+a
Initial position

x= a

x=x
x=+a
Final position

2 kQq
and
a

1
1
Final potential energy, U f = kQq
+

a + x a x
Change in potential energy U = U i U f
2 kQqx 2
or
| U | =
a3
for
x<<a
U x 2

13. (c) As per question, it is clear that current through QS should be I

2
in the direction Q to S. Magnetic field induction at a distance r from
a long straight conductor carrying current I is
I
B = 0 (sin 1 + sin 2 )
4 r
When point is at the corner of a long straight conductor, then
1 = 90 and 2 = 0 , so magnetic field induction at M due to
current through PQ is
I
I
B = 0 (sin 90 + sin 0 ) = 0
4 r
4 r
acting perpendicular to the plane of paper outwards. The
magnetic field induction at M due to current in QR will be zero.
As per question
I
H1 = 0
4 r
I I /2 0 3I
Also,
H2 = 0 + 0
=

4 r
4 r
4 2 r

76

x1
x2

(1.8-x2)

x1 = 0.6m
1 1.8 x 2
m= =
2
x2

x 2 = 1.2 m
We know that,
f
m=
f +u
f
2 =
f + 0.6

15. (b) According to conservation of linear momentum,


q

Initial potential energy across two equal charges, U i =

So,

(1.8-x1)

Then focal length of thin plano-convex lens is f = 0.4 m

R0 = R( 3 1)
q

L1

H1 0 I / ( 4 / r ) 2
=
=
0 3I
H2
3

4 2 r

mv B = ( M + m ) V
( 0.004 300 ) = ( 0.800 + 0.004 ) V
V = 1.493 m/s
The frictional force is f = ( M + m )g
From the work-kinetic energy relationship fs = KE
1
( M + m )v 2 = fs = [( M + m )g ]s
2
1
(1.493 )2 = 0.3 9.8 s
2
Displacement of a block, s = 0.379 m
k f (M + m) v2
m
In the collision,
=
=
ki
m+M
mv B2

k
Then, energy dissipated in the colligion = 1 f 100
ki

0.8
M
=
100 = 0.804 100 = 99.5%
m + M

16. (b) As, PR = d

PO = d sec
and
CO = PO cot 2 = d sec cos
Path difference between the two rays is,
x = CO + PO = (dsec + d sec cos 2 )
Phase difference between the two rays is = (one is
Q
O
R
reflected, while another is direct)
Therefore, condition for constructive

interference should be
3
...
x = ,
2 2
d
C

or d sec (1 + cos 2 ) =
2
A

d
2

or

(2 cos ) =
cos
2
cos =

4d

P
B

17. (b) According to Heisenbergs uncertainty principle, we have,


h
the condition xp =
yields
4
h
p =
= 1.05 10 20 kg-m/s
4 ( 5 10 15 )
If p = m 0 v

P 1.05 10 20
v=
=
= 6.3 10 6 m/s
mo 1.67 10 27

So, the proton is non relativistic then,


2 pdp
, p cannot be smaller then p, E must be
E = p2 /2m, dE =
2m
2
p
not less than
= 6.6 10 14 J or 412 KeV.
m

18. (b) When switch S has been closed for a long time, the capacitor
gets fully charged and no current flows in arm DG. Then, current in
arm C E is
6
1
I1 =
=
A
20 + 40 10
C

R1

R3
B

R2

R4
F

G
S
A

E=6V

Potenial difference across E and D is


1
VE VD = I1 R2 =
40 = 4V
10
6
1
Current in arm BGF is I2 =
=
A
60 + 180 40
Potential difference across F and G is
1
VF VG = I2 R4 =
180 = 4.5 V
40
VD Va = ( VF VA ) ( VE VD ) = 4.5 4 = 0.5 V
Charge on capacitor C, Q = C( VD Vc ) = 5 0.5 = 2 .5C

19. (a) During the growth of voltage in a C-R circuits the voltage
across a capacitor at times t is given by
V = Vo [1 e t /CR ]
For the given circuit, as per given condition at time t,
3
3
V = th of voltage applied across capacitor, = Vo
4
4
3
t / RC
So,
Vo = Vo (1 e
)
4
1
or
e t / RC =
4
e t / RC = g 2 or t = 2 RC log e 2
Time taken by capacitor
t = 2 2 .5 10 6 4 10 6 0.693 = 13.86 s

20. (d) Total flux linked with the coil at time t = 0 is


Bo x
. (d )(dx )
a
B d3
= o
2a
and flux linked with the coil at time t = 1 s is
d

i = d =

f =

vo + d

vo

vo + d

vo

Bo x
. d (dx )
a

y
d

Bd
= o [( vo + d )2 vo2 ]
2a
Bd
= o [d 2 + 2 vod ]
2a
Now induced emf = change in flux in unit time
B vd 2
e = f i = 0

d
x

21. (a) As the percentage of modulation of a signal i.e. m = 75 = 3 ,


100

Pt = 10KW

m2
9
41

Pt = Pc 1 +
= Pc 1 +
= Pc

2
32
32

PSB = Pc

m2
9
9
= Pc
=
Pc
4
16 4 64

On suppresing, power saved as


9 73
= Pc + Pc
=
Pc
64 64
% Power saving on suppressed signal
73
Pc
73 / 64 Pc
=
100 = 64
100
41
Pt
Pc
32
73 32
=
100 = 89.1%
64 41

22. (c) At the earths surface, the weight is Mg = 10kg 9.8 m / s 2


=

G Me (10 kg )

R2
where, R is the radius of earth
At radius of instrument packet, r = 1.1 R,
M (10 kg )
W =G E
(11
. R )2

(i)

(ii)

If we divide Eq (ii) by Eq. (i), we get


W
1
=
98 1.21
or weight of an packet W = 81 N.
Net potential energy of the instrument packet at its maximum
altitude,
1
1
0.1
= GM E (10 kg )
= GM E (10kg )

R 1.1 R
1.1R
= ( 6.67 10 11N.m 2 / kg 2 ) ( 5.98 10 24 kg )
0.1
(10 kg )
= 57 MJ
11
. 6.37 10 6m

23. (b) Suppose, the angle of the crown prism needed is A and that of
the flint prism is A'.
r
= v
1
or
v r = ( 1)
The angular dispersion produced by the crown prism is
( v r ) A = ( 1)A
Similarly, the angular dispersion produced by the flint prism is
( 1) A

77

For achromatic combination, the net dispersion should be zero.


Thus,
( 1)A = ( 1) A
A ( 1)
0.517 0.03
or
...(i)
=
=
= 0.50
A ( 1)
0.64 0.05
The deviation in the yellow ray produced by the crown prism is
= ( 1) A and by the flint prism is = ( 1) A. The net
deviation produced by the combination is
= ( 1) A ( 1) A
or
(ii)
1 = 0.517 A 0.625 A
Solving Eqs. (i) and (ii)
A = 4.8 and A = 2 .4 . Thus, the crown prism should have its
refracting angle 4.8 and that of the flint prism should be 2.4.

24. (a) In this circuit 20, 30 and 60 are in parallel. Their effective
resistance R1 is

1
1
1
1 3 +2 +1
=
+
+
=
R1 20 30 60
60

or
R1 = 10
Here, 24 and 8 are also in parallel their effective resistance
R2 will be
1
1 1 1+ 3 4
or R2 = 6
=
+ =
=
R2 24 8
24
24
Net resistance between X and Y
= 3 + 10 + 6 + 1 = 20
48
Current through 8 =
= 6A
8
48
Current through 24 =
=2A
24
Total current of circuit = 6 + 2 = 8A
Therefore potential difference across X and Y
= 8 20 = 160V.

25. (c) As, emf across a thermocouple,


2
20
dE
2
= 70
d
20
Here, dE = 100V, = 200 C
100
2 200

= 70
= 50
d
20
Error in measuring temperature of 200C of a thermocouple
100
d =
= 2 .0
50
E = 70Q

26. (a) Path difference due to slab should be integral multiple of


or
or

x = n
( 1)t = n , n = 1, 2 , 3.....
n
t=
( 1)

At n = 1, the minimum thickness of the glass plate,

t=
=
=2
1 1.5 1

27. (c) The condition for constructive interference in the reflected

1
2t

2 1 t cos 0 = n + or =
1

2
n+
2
For n = 0, 1, 2 ........ possible values of are
4t 4t
= 4t, , , ............... and so on
3 5
Now,
t = 0.00029 mm = 2 .9 10 7m = 2900
= 4 2900 = 11600 - infrared region
4 2900
=
= 3867 visible region
3
4 2900
=
= 2320 UV region
5
Therefore refracted light lies in a ultra violet region

28. (c) Current required to operate a 60 W bulb at 120V is


P 60
=
= 0.5 A
V 120
and resistance of bulb
V 2 (120 )2
R=
=
= 240
P
60
V
In case of an AC, Irms = rms
Z
240
0.5 =
2
1

(240 )2

2 50 C
I=

Solving this, we get, value of a capacitor required to operate the


lamp, C = 7.7F

29. (b) Here kinetic energy of an electron = 100eV = 100 1.6 10 9 J


value this lost when electron moves through a distance (d)
towards the negative plate.
KE = work done = F S = qE S

= e d
0
d =

Distance travelled by an electron,


100 1.6 10 19 8.86 10 12
d =
1.6 10 19 9 10 6
= 4.43 10 4 m
= 0.443 mm

30. (d) In common emitter configuration, the current gain is


Ai =
where,

For normal incidence, i = 0


r = 0 and for air = 1,

78

hfe
1 + hoe RL

hfe = forward current ratio = 50


IC

VCE IC =constant

hoe = output admittance


IC

VCE I =constant
C

system is 2 t cos = n + where, n = 0, 1, 2 , ... and r is angle

2
of refraction,

(KE) o
e

= 25 10 6 1 (given)
RL = 10 3
Current gain
Ai =

50
1 +(25 10 6 ) 10 3

= 48.78

(given)