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Interlocking Scheme for Switchgears :

-Electricity Transmission
Basic Conditions to be fulfilled :
1. One self resettable key switch for "Interlock Bypass" to be provided in each LCC panel to
bypass all interlocks in event of :
a. Any emergency when some interlocks are not working due to incomplete
operation of the gear.
b. Interlock signals from remote end are not working if the communication channel
fails
Each switch shall have a separate key and the switch shall be lockable in "Normal"
position only. When put in "Bypass" mode then it shall generate an alarm in SCS as well
as at NCC. Interlock Bypass key switch will not bypass SF6 Lock out condition.
2. For manual operations also, all the interlocks shall be checked, however to take care of
emergency cases such as loss of control supply or if the gear doesn't complete its full
operation then the "Interlock Bypass" feature shall be used to carry out the manual
operations.
3. Isolator shall be mechanically interlocked with its associated earthswitch.
4. The electrical operation to any equipment shall be blocked when the hand crank is
inserted for manual operation.
5. All feeders that feed to a remote substation shall have a VT irrespective of whether the
remote end is a transformer substation / Busbar.
6. The close/open status of all equipment shall be derived from minimum two aux. contacts.
For Eg : the status of CB shall be derived as follows : "Normally the CB is equipped with
two types of Contacts (52a-Normally open and 52b-Normally closed i.e the status of
contact is defined in CB open condition). Hence two 52a contacts shall be connected in
series for close status and two 52b contacts in series for open status. This philosophy
shall be used only for Interlocking purpose, and not for any status indications at SCS or
NCC".

Transmission Department

Page 1 / 40

7. For switching from Bay Control Unit / SCS, there shall be software interlocks which shall
be in series with the hardware interlocks. Software Interlocks shall be a true replica of
the Hard ware interlocks and shall be incorporated in exclusive BCUs assigned for that
particular Bay.
8. For any non-standard configuration which are not a part of this document Prior approval
of interlocking scheme must be taken ( then review will be done at site.)
9. For Isolators, the end position status (for close as well as open) shall be taken for all
interlocks.
10. For withdrawable type CBs, operation in test position shall be allowed only in Local
mode from the switchgear. When CB is in Withdrawn condition CB will be free to
operate and will not be looking for any interlocks.
11. For Transformers operating in parallel, the Master/Follower logic shall be independent of
the status of associated CBs.
Changing of Master/Follower/Independent and Tap operations should be available at
SCS. Master/Follower modes shall be selectable for both Transformers. If Master is off,
follower shall be automatically selected to Independent auto mode.
As per our existing practice, raising tap means raising voltage and lowering tap means
lowering voltage (this philosophy is easy to understand). Hence, the tap numbering of
Transformer shall be arranged to suit for this practice (unlike phase-V).
12. The following points shall be checked in the case of SF6 pressure conditions:
SF6 pressure in the case of CB compartment shall have three stages:
a. Stage-1- Alarm
b. Stage-2- Trip (This stage shall be set well above the safe level. If the CB is failed
to trip and the pressure goes on decreasing, at Stage-3, the CB will be blocked for
any operation. SF6 trip will not initiate any CB fail protection).
c. Stage-3- Block operation (both Close and Open)
All other Compartments- Alarm at SCS and NCC and blocking of operation.
13. Wherever the interlocks demand to check the "No-Voltage" or "Voltage exists" condition
then all the 3 phases shall be monitored. In addition, for "No-Voltage" condition, it shall
be ensured that it represents a true "No-Voltage" condition by monitoring all associated
devices (such as VT isolator close, VT primary fuses health, VT secondary fuses healthy,
VT secondary MCB ON,) .
14. The VT secondary shall have two MCBs as follows :
a. One at LCC panel to facilitate the isolation purpose during switching operations
and
b. One at the nearest point to the VT sec terminals (for eg : VT secondary box)
which shall monitor any fault in the control cable between this MCB to the MCB
in the LCC panel.
Both MCBs shall be monitored for VT secondary status.
The MCB monitoring the control cable shall be set at a higher value than the MCB in the
LCC panel.

Transmission Department

Page 2 / 40

15. In the case of feeders/Tx feeders, the remote status of switches shall be brought to the
local station (through redundant communication channels) and incorporated in the SCS
SLD for status monitoring. These statuses shall not be incorporated in the Interlocking
scheme at local station (unlike phase-V).
16. For systems having facility of selecting Local/Remote at SCS, it shall be possible to
select the Local/Remote for each bay separately.
17. For any Bay, all Earth switch operation shall be possible only from SCS, BCU or LCC
(Entire document shall be cross-checked for this point). Status of Earthswitches to be
extended to NCC. Though earthswitches shall not be operated from NCC, the facility
shall be extended to NCC and the links shall be kept open or software block at NCC to
prevent operation.
18. In Maintenance mode, all protection trips should be blocked including SF6 second
stage. In this mode, only local operation from LCC shall be possible for all Bays and for
all switches. In case the SF6 pressure is less than the safe operating pressure (i.e < stage 3
or as per manufacturer's recommendation) then the CB should be blocked from operation.

19. The operation allowed in different modes shall be as follows :


a. Maintenance mode :
 L/R/M switch in Maintenance mode at LCC panel
b. Local mode from LCC :
 L/R/M switch in Local mode at LCC panel
c. Operation from Bay Control Unit (BCU)
 L/R/M switch in Remote mode at LCC panel
 BCU in Local
d. Operation from SCS in control room
 L/R/M switch in Remote mode at LCC panel
 BCU in Remote
 TMMC/SCS in Local
e. Operation from Remote (NCC)
 L/R/M switch in Remote mode at LCC panel
 BCU in Remote
 TMMC/SCS in Remote

Transmission Department

Page 3 / 40

LCC : L/R/M Swich in Maintenance


LCC : Control Command

&

Maintenance mode

LCC : L/R/M Swich in Local


LCC : Control Command

&

LCC Local mode

LCC : L/R/M Swich in Remote


BCU : Local mode selection
BCU : Control Command

&

BCU Local Mode

LCC : L/R/M Swich in Remote


BCU : Remote mode selection
TMMC / SCS : Local mode
TMMC / SCS: Control command

&

SCS Local Mode

LCC : L/R/M Swich in Remote


BCU : Remote mode selection
TMMC / SCS : Remote mode
NCC : Control command

&

NCC Mode

The Interlock philosophy shall be explained in logic block diagram, in the following method:
Nature of operation

LCC
mode

BCU
mode

SCS
mode

NCC
mode

Final
Output

Normal operation
Maintenance operation
On-load transfer operation

Note :
Apart from all conditions mentioned in this brochure, if the site requirements demands a
review/change in some of the points then O&M staff shall accordingly inform the concerned to
incorporate the changes.

Transmission Department

Page 4 / 40

SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM


FOR
BUS COUPLER & BUS SECTION &
BUS VT BAYS

2241

2261

BB R1
364

BB R2
132

224

226

13M2

232
23M2

36M1

46M1
22M1

220

22M2

130

230

13M1

23M1

134

1241

1261

234

BB M2

BB M1
164

464

124

126

16M1

264
26M1

12M1

120

Transmission Department

12M2

Page 5 / 40

A. BUS COUPLER / BUS SECTION / BUS VT BAYS :


1. CB Close interlock (120, 220, 130, 230,..)
All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC Local:
a. Corresponding both busbar isolators should be closed and sychro check
OR
Both Busbar isolators are open
b. Corresponding Maintenance earthswitches should be opened.
c. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
d. SF6 pressure in CB > stage 2
e. CB Drive & Aux Supply healthy
f. Trip circuit supervision healthy
g. Lockout relay not operated
All conditions below shall be satisfied in LCC Maintenance mode :
a. Maintenance Earthswitches M1 and M2 Closed
b. No SF6 Lock out (SF6 at safe Operating pressure)
Example logic for #120 (Similar logic to be adopted for #220, #130 and #230)

Transmission Department

Page 6 / 40

2. CB Open interlock (120, 220, 130, 230,..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC :
a. Open Command.
b. SF6 pressure < Stage 2
c. Protection Trip
d. No On-Load Transfer. (CB restrained from trip during Bus Transfer) (See Note 1)
All conditions below shall be satisfied in Maintenance mode :
a. Open Command
b. SF6 level healthy
Note 1 :
i. Bus Coupler (130) restrained from trip during
1. ON LOAD transfer of BB M1 BB R1 or
2. Any ON LOAD transfer if Bus Section (1 & 2) are closed and Bus
Coupler 2 is open.
ii. Bus Coupler (230) restrained from trip during
1. ON LOAD transfer of BB M2 BB R2 or
2. Any ON LOAD transfer if Bus Section (1 & 2) are closed and Bus
Coupler 1 is open.
iii. Bus Section (120 & 220) restrained from trip if
1. Bus Section 1 is closed and
2. Bus Section 2 is closed and
3. - Transfer from BB M1 BB R1 with Bus Coupler 2 close and Bus
Coupler 1 open
OR
- Transfer from BB M2 BB R2 with Bus Coupler 2 open and Bus
Coupler 1 close
o
o

Bus Coupler OR Bus Section will be treated as Close only if both busbar
isolators and CB are closed.
Bus Coupler OR Bus Section will be treated as Open if any one of the busbar
isolator or CB is Open.

Example logic for #120 (Similar logic to be adopted for #220, #130 and #230)

Transmission Department

Page 7 / 40

Logic for restraining Bus section CB / Bus Coupler CB from trip

Transmission Department

Page 8 / 40

3. Busbar Isolator Close / Open interlock (124, 126, 224, 226, 134, 132, 234, 232,)
All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC Local:
a. Corresponding busbar earthswitch Open
b. CB Open
c. Maintenance Earthswitches M1 and M2 Open
d. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
e. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
All conditions below shall be satisfied in LCC Maintenance mode :
a. Corresponding Maintenance Earthswitch M1/M2 Closed
b. Corresponding Busbar Earthswitch Closed
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #124 (Similar logic to be adopted for isolators of Bay #12, #22, #13, #23)

Transmission Department

Page 9 / 40

4. Busbar Earthswitch Close / Open interlock (1241, 1261, 2241, 2261.,)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in SCS / BCU / LCC Local / LCC maintenance:
a. All busbar isolators of corresponding bus to be Open
b. Busbar VT Isolator Closed
c. Busbar VT sec MCB ON
d. No Voltage condition.
e. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
f. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #1241 (Similar logic to be adopted for other Bus E/Sw)

5. Maintenance Earthswitch Close / Open interlock (12M1, 12M2, 22M1, 22M2, 13M1,
13M2, 23M1, 23M2.,)
All conditions below shall be satisfied in SCS / BCU / LCC Local / LCC Maintenance:
a. MBB isolator Open
b. RBB isolator Open
c. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
d. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #12M1&#12M2 (Similar logic to be adopted for other M E/Sw)

Transmission Department

Page 10 / 40

6. Busbar VT Isolator Close / Open interlock (164, 264, 364, 464)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC Local / LCC
Maintenance:
a. No Voltage condition on the Bus
b. Busbar VT MCB ON
c. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
d. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
All conditions below shall be satisfied in LCC Maintenance mode :
a. Corresponding Maintenance Earthswitch M1 Closed (16M1, 26M1, )
b. Corresponding Busbar Earthswitch Closed (1241, 1261, ..)
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #164 (Similar logic to be adopted for other Bus VT Isolators)

7. VT Maint Earthswitch Close / Open interlock (16M1, 26M1, 36M1, 46M1, .,)
All conditions below shall be satisfied in SCS / BCU / LCC Local / LCC Maintenance:
a. Busbar VT isolator Open
b. No Voltage condition on the Bus
c. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
d. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #16M1 (Similar logic to be adopted for other Bus VT M.Earthswitch)

Transmission Department

Page 11 / 40

SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM


FOR
FEEDER BAY
2241

2261

BB R2

BB R1
220

230

130
1241

1261

BB M2

BB M1
104

102

120

10M1

100
10M2

103
101

1064 106M1

Transmission Department

Page 12 / 40

B.

FEEDER BAYS :

1.

CB Close interlock (100, 200, 300, 400,..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC :
a. Any One Busbar (Main or Reserve) isolator alongwith Line isolator should be
closed and sychro check
OR
MBB, RBB & Line isolators are open
b. Corresponding Maintenance earthswitches should be opened. .
c. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
d. SF6 pressure in CB > stage 2
e. CB Drive & Aux Supply healthy
f. Trip circuit supervision healthy
g. Lockout relay not operated
All conditions below shall be satisfied in Maintenance mode :
a. Maintenance Earthswitches M1 and M2 Closed
b. SF6 pressure healthy
Example logic for #100 (Similar logic to be adopted for other line bays)

Transmission Department

Page 13 / 40

2.

CB Open interlock (100, 200, 300, 400,..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC :
a. Open Command.
b. SF6 pressure < Stage 2
c. Protection Trip
All conditions below shall be satisfied in Maintenance mode :
a. Open Command
b. SF6 level healthy
Example logic for #100 (Similar logic to be adopted for other line bays)

Transmission Department

Page 14 / 40

3.

Main Busbar Isolator Close / Open interlock (104, 204, 304, )


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC Local:
a. - RBB Isolator, CB, Maint E/Sw M1 & M2 and corresponding BB E/Sw (1241 /
1261) Open
OR
- RBB Isolator and Bus Coupler 1 Closed
OR
- RBB Isolator, Bus Coupler 2, Bus Section (1 & 2) Closed
b. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Note :
During Bus transfer, the condition that CB and Line Isolator should be closed is
removed to ensure that the Bus transfer is still possible if for any reason the CB trips
when both busbar isolators are closed.
All conditions below shall be satisfied in LCC Maintenance mode :
a. Maintenance Earthswitch M1 Closed
b. Corresponding Busbar Earthswitch Closed
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #104 (Similar logic to be adopted for MBB isolators of other line bays)

Transmission Department

Page 15 / 40

4.

Reserve Busbar Isolator Close / Open interlock (102, 202, 302, )


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC Local:
a. - MBB Isolator, CB, Maint E/Sw M1 & M2 and corresponding BB E/Sw (2241 /
2261) Open
OR
- MBB Isolator and Bus Coupler 1 Closed
OR
- MBB Isolator, Bus Coupler 2 and Bus Section (1 & 2) Closed
b. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Note :
During Bus transfer, the condition that CB and Line Isolator should be closed is
removed to ensure that the Bus transfer is still possible if for any reason the CB trips
when both busbar isolators are closed.

All conditions below shall be satisfied in LCC Maintenance mode :


a. Maintenance Earthswitch M1 Closed
b. Corresponding Busbar Earthswitch Closed
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #102 (Similar logic to be adopted for RBB isolators of other line bays)
LCC Local mode
BCU Local mode
SCS Local mode
NCC mode

Note : During Bus transfer, the condition that CB


and Line Isolator should be closed is removed to
ensure that the Bus transfer is still possible if for
any reason the CB trips when both busbar
isolators are closed

#104 Open
#10M1 Open
#10M2 Open
#100 Open
#2241 Open

&

#104 Close
#BC 1 Close

&

#104 Close
#BS 1 Close
#BS 2 Close
#BC 2 Close

&

&
#102 Close / Open

No relay anamoly
SF6 level healthy
LCC Maintenance mode
#2241 Close
#10M1 Close
SF6 level healthy

Transmission Department

&

Page 16 / 40

5.

Line Isolator Close / Open interlock (103, 203, 303, )


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC Local:
a. Line E/Sw open
b. Maintenance E/Sw (M1 and M2) Open
c. CB Open
d. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
e. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
All conditions below shall be satisfied in LCC Maintenance mode :
a. Maintenance Earthswitch M2 Closed
b. Line Earth S/W closed
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #103 (Similar logic to be adopted for Line isolators of other bays)

Transmission Department

Page 17 / 40

6.

Line Earth Switch Close / Open interlock (101, 201, 301, )


All conditions below shall be satisfied in SCS / BCU / LCC Local / LCC maintenance:
a. Line Isolator open
b. Line VT Isolator Closed
c. Line VT sec MCB closed
d. No Voltage condition.
e. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
f. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Note :
For feeders which do not have a Line VT then the status of the remote end isolator
shall be checked. All new feeders shall have Line VT
Example logic for #101 (Similar logic to be adopted for Line E/Sw of other bays)

7.

Maintenance Earth Switch Close / Open interlock (10M1, 10M2, 20M1, )


All conditions below shall be satisfied in SCS / BCU / LCC Local / LCC maintenance:
a. MBB & RBB Isolator open
b. Line Isolator open
c. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
d. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #10M1&#10M2 (Similar logic to be adopted for M E/Sw of other bays)

Transmission Department

Page 18 / 40

8.

Line VT Isolator Close / Open interlock (1064, 2064, 3064, 4064, ..)
All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC Local / LCC
Maintenance:
a. No Voltage condition on the Line
b. Line VT MCB ON
c. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
d. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
All conditions below shall be satisfied in LCC Maintenance mode :
a. Corresponding Maintenance Earthswitch M1 Closed (106M1, 206M1, )
b. Corresponding Line Earthswitch Closed (101, 201, ..)
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #1064 (Similar logic to be adopted for VT isolators of other line bays)

9.

Line VT Maintenance Earthswitch Close / Open interlock (106M1, 206M1, 306M1,


406M1, .,)
All conditions below shall be satisfied in SCS / BCU / LCC Local / LCC Maintenance:
a. Line VT isolator Open
b. No Voltage condition on the Line.
c. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
d. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #106M1 (Similar logic to be adopted for VT M.ESw of other line bays)

Transmission Department

Page 19 / 40

SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM


FOR
TRANSFORMER BAY
2241

2261

BB R1
220

130
1241

BB M1

230
1261

BB M2

120

112

114

BB R2

11M1
110
111

181

180
18M1

184

182
2241

2261

BB R1
220

130

BB M1

1241

BB R2
230

1261

BB M2

120

Transmission Department

Page 20 / 40

C. TRANSFORMER BAYS (HV side ):


1.

CB Close interlock (110, 210, ..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC :
a. Any One Busbar (Main or Reserve) isolator should be closed and LV side CB
(180, 280, ) Open.
OR
MBB, RBB isolators at HV & LV side are open
(Note : LV side interlocks to be taken only if it is in the same substation.)
b. Maintenance earthswitch M1 and Line earthswitch (111, 211,) should be open .
c. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
d. SF6 pressure in CB > stage 2
e. CB Drive & Aux Supply healthy
f. Trip circuit supervision healthy
g. Lockout relay not operated
All conditions below shall be satisfied in Maintenance mode :
a. Maintenance Earthswitches M1 Closed
b. Transformer E/S (111, 211, ) closed.
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #110 (Similar logic to be adopted for other Transformer HV bays)
LCC Local mode
BCU Local mode
SCS Local mode
NCC mode
#114 Closed
#112 Closed
Note : This condition shall be fulfilled
only if LV side switchgear is in the
same substation.

&

#180 Open
#184 Open
#182 Open
#114 Open
#112 Open

&

&
#110 Close

#11M1 Open
#111 Open
CB Drive healthy
Aux Supply healthy
Trip Circuit supervision healthy
Lockout relay not operated
SF6 level > Stage 2
No relay anamoly

Note : For additional safety and To


differentiate between Operation
mode and Maintenance mode

LCC Maintenance mode


#11M1 Closed
#111 Closed
SF6 level healthy

Transmission Department

&

Page 21 / 40

2. CB Open interlock (110, 210, ..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC :
a. Open Command.
b. SF6 pressure < Stage 2
c. Protection Trip
All conditions below shall be satisfied in Maintenance mode :
a. Open Command
b. SF6 level healthy
Example logic for #110 (Similar logic to be adopted for Transformer HV bays)

Transmission Department

Page 22 / 40

3. Main Busbar Isolator Close / Open interlock (114, 214, )


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC Local:
a. RBB Isolator, CB, Maint E/Sw M1 ,Corresponding BB E/Sw (1241 / 1261) and
Transformer E/Sw Open. (If LV side switchgear is in the same substation, then it
shall also check that LV side Transformer Earth/Sw and LV side Maint E/Sw are
Open).
OR
- RBB Isolator and Bus Coupler 1 Closed
OR
- RBB Isolator, Bus Coupler 2 and Bus Section (1 & 2) Closed
b. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Note :
During Bus transfer, the condition that CB should be closed is removed to ensure that
the Bus transfer is still possible if for any reason the CB trips when both busbar
isolators are closed.
All conditions below shall be satisfied in LCC Maintenance mode :
a. Maintenance Earthswitch M1 Closed
b. Corresponding Busbar Earthswitch Closed
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #114 (Similar logic to be adopted for MBB isolators of Tx HV bays)

Transmission Department

Page 23 / 40

4. Reserve Busbar Isolator Close / Open interlock (112, 212, )


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC Local:
a. MBB Isolator, CB, Maint E/Sw M1, Corresponding BB E/Sw (2241 / 2261),
Transformer E/Sw Open. (If LV side switchgear is in the same substation, then it
shall also check that LV side Transformer Earth/Sw and LV side Maint E/Sw are
Open)
OR
- MBB Isolator and Bus Coupler 1 Closed
OR
- MBB Isolator, Bus Coupler 2 and Bus Section (1 & 2) Closed
b. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Note :
During Bus transfer, the condition that CB should be closed is removed to ensure that
the Bus transfer is still possible if for any reason the CB trips when both busbar
isolators are closed.
All conditions below shall be satisfied in LCC Maintenance mode :
a. Maintenance Earthswitch M1 Closed
b. Corresponding Busbar Earthswitch Closed
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #112 (Similar logic to be adopted for RBB isolators of Tx HV bays)

Transmission Department

Page 24 / 40

5. Transformer Earth Switch Close / Open interlock (111, 211, )


All conditions below shall be satisfied in SCS / BCU / LCC Local / LCC maintenance:
a. MBB and RBB Isolator open
b. If VT is available on HV side then VT Isolator and VT MCB shall be ON along
with "No Volt" condition
c. LV side MBB and RBB Isolator shall be Open (This condition to be fulfilled only
if the LV side switchgear is in the same substation).
d. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
e. If the Tx LV side is connected to 11kV Swgr of withdrawable CB, then the CB
shall be in Test Position OR Racked out position. For non withdrawable CBs Bus
bar isolator shall be open.
f. If the Tx LV side has a ETx then the LVAC CB shall be in test/rackout position
OR ETx FSU shall be OFF.
g. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
h. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #111 (Similar logic to be adopted for Line E/Sw of Tx HV bays)
LCC Local mode
BCU Local mode
SCS Local mode
LCC Maintenance mode

Note : This condition shall be fulfilled


only if VT is exists on the HV side of
Transformer.
Note : This condition shall be
fulfilled only if LV side switchgear
is in the same substation
Note : This condition shall be
fulfilled if LV side switchgear
is of withdrawable CB

Note : This condition shall be fulfilled


only if LV side has a Earthing
Transformer

#114 Open
#112 Open
Line VT Isolator #1164 Close
Line VT sec MCB ON
No-Voltage condition
#184 Open
#182 Open

&

&

#11M1 / #111
Close / Open

# 180 in Test position


#180 in Rackout position
LVAC Inc-1 CB in Test
LVAC Inc-1 CB in Rackout
Earthing Tx FSU is OFF
No relay anamoly
SF6 level healthy

6. Maintenance Earth Switch Close / Open interlock (11M1, 21M1,)


a. Same interlocks as Transformer E/Switch (111, 211, .)

Transmission Department

Page 25 / 40

7. Line VT Isolator Close / Open interlock (1164, 2164, ..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC Local / LCC
Maintenance:
a. No Voltage condition on the Line
b. Line VT MCB ON
c. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
d. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
All conditions below shall be satisfied in LCC Maintenance mode :
a. Corresponding Maintenance Earthswitch M1 Closed (116M1, 216M1, )
b. Corresponding Line Earthswitch Closed (111, 211, ..)
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #1164 (Similar logic to be adopted for VT isolators of Tx HV bays)

8. Line VT Maint Earthswitch Close / Open interlock (116M1, 216M1, .)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in SCS / BCU / LCC Local / LCC Maintenance:
a. Line VT isolator Open
b. No Voltage condition on the Line
c. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
d. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #116M1 (Similar logic to be adopted for VT M.ESw of Tx HV bays)

Transmission Department

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D. TRANSFORMER BAYS (LV side ):


1.

CB Close interlock (180, 280, ..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC :
a. Any One Busbar (Main or Reserve) isolator should be closed, HV side CB (110,
210, ) Close and Synchro Check.
OR
MBB, RBB isolators at LV & HV side are open
(Note : HV side interlocks to be taken only if it is in the same substation.).
b. Maintenance earthswitch M1 and line earthswitch (181, 281,) should be open.
c. Voltage exists in all 3 phases. (This condition is used only to close CB. If the VT
MCB is switched off when CB is ON, loss of voltage should not trip the CB)
d. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
e. SF6 pressure in CB > stage 2
f. CB Drive & Aux Supply healthy
g. Trip circuit supervision healthy
h. Lockout relay not operated.
All conditions below shall be satisfied in Maintenance mode :
a. Maintenance Earthswitches M1 Closed
b. Line E/S (181, 281, ) closed.
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #180 (Similar logic to be adopted for other Transformer LV bays)

Transmission Department

Page 27 / 40

2.

CB Open interlock (180, 280, ..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC :
a. Open Command.
b. SF6 pressure < Stage 2
c. Protection Trip
All conditions below shall be satisfied in Maintenance mode :
a. Open Command
b. SF6 level healthy
Example logic for #180 (Similar logic to be adopted for Transformer LV bays)

Transmission Department

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3.

Main Busbar Isolator Close / Open interlock (184, 284, )


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC Local:
a. RBB Isolator, CB, Maint E/Sw M1 ,Corresponding BB E/Sw (1241 / 1261) and
Transformer E/Sw Open . (If HV side switchgear is in the same substation, then it
shall also check that HV side Transformer Earth/Sw and HV side Maint E/Sw are
Open)
OR
- RBB Isolator and Bus Coupler 1 Closed
OR
- RBB Isolator, Bus Coupler 2 and Bus Section (1 & 2) Closed
b. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Note :
During Bus transfer, the condition that CB should be closed is removed to ensure that
the Bus transfer is still possible if for any reason the CB trips when both busbar
isolators are closed.
All conditions below shall be satisfied in LCC Maintenance mode :
a. Maintenance Earthswitch M1 Closed
b. Corresponding Busbar Earthswitch Closed
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #114 (Similar logic to be adopted for MBB isolators of Tx LV bays)

Transmission Department

Page 29 / 40

4.

Reserve Busbar Isolator Close / Open interlock (182, 282, )


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC Local:
a. MBB Isolator, CB, Maint E/Sw M1, Corresponding BB E/Sw (2241 / 2261) and
Transformer E/Sw Open . (If HV side switchgear is in the same substation, then it
shall also check that HV side Transformer Earth/Sw and HV side Maint E/Sw are
Open)
OR
- MBB Isolator and Bus Coupler 1 Closed
OR
- MBB Isolator, Bus Coupler CB 2 and Bus Section (1 & 2) Closed
b. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Note :
During Bus transfer, the condition that CB should be closed is removed to ensure that
the Bus transfer is still possible if for any reason the CB trips when both busbar
isolators are closed.

All conditions below shall be satisfied in LCC Maintenance mode :


a. Maintenance Earthswitch M1 Closed
b. Corresponding Busbar Earthswitch Closed
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #182 (Similar logic to be adopted for RBB isolators of Tx LV bays)

Transmission Department

Page 30 / 40

5.

Transformer Earth Switch Close / Open interlock (181, 281, )


All conditions below shall be satisfied in SCS / BCU / LCC Local / LCC maintenance:
a. MBB and RBB Isolator open
b. VT Isolator and VT MCB shall be ON along with "No Volt" condition
c. HV side MBB and RBB Isolator shall be Open (This condition to be fulfilled only
if the HV side switchgear is in the same substation).
d. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
e. If the Tx LV side is connected to 11kV Swgr of withdrawable CB, then the CB
shall be in Test Position OR Racked out position. For non withdrawable CBs Bus
Bar isolator shall be open.
f. If the Tx LV side has a ETx then the LVAC CB in test/rackout position OR ETx
FSU shall be OFF.
g. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
h. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Note : (For station having Transformer directly fed from other station)
- If the Tx HV side is equipped with an Earth switch (111, 211, ) then it shall have
the same logic as E/Sw (181, 281, ..)
Example logic for #181 (Similar logic to be adopted for Line E/Sw of Tx LV bays)

6.

Maintenance Earth Switch Close / Open interlock (18M1, 28M1,)


a. Same interlocks as Line E/Switch (181, 281, .)

Transmission Department

Page 31 / 40

7.

Line VT Isolator Close / Open interlock (1864, 2864, ..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / LCC Local / LCC
Maintenance:
a. No Voltage condition on the Line
b. Line VT MCB ON
c. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
d. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
All conditions below shall be satisfied in LCC Maintenance mode :
a. Corresponding Maintenance Earthswitch M1 Closed (186M1, 286M1, )
b. Corresponding Line Earthswitch Closed (181, 281, ..)
c. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #1864 (Similar logic to be adopted for VT Isolator of Tx LV bays)

8.

Line VT Maint Earthswitch Close / Open interlock (116M1, 216M1, .)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in SCS / BCU / LCC Local / LCC Maintenance:
a. Line VT isolator Open
b. No Voltage condition on the Line.
c. No relay anamoly (No other equipment operating)
d. No SF6 lockout (SF6 at safe operating pressure)
Example logic for #186M1 (Similar logic to be adopted for VT M.ESw of Tx LV bays)

Transmission Department

Page 32 / 40

E.

METAL ENCLOSED AC SWITHCGEAR (with removable CB)


SINGLE BUSBAR :
IEC 62271-200 in addition to IEC 60694 to be followed

Interlocks between different components of the equipment are provided for reasons of protection
and for convenience of operation. The following provisions are mandatory for main circuits.
Basic conditions :
 The withdrawal or engagement of a CB shall be prevented unless it is in the open position
 The operation of a CB shall be prevented unless it is only in the service, disconnected,
removed, test or earthing position.
 The interlock shall prevent the closing of the CB in the service position unless any
auxiliary circuits associated with the automatic opening of these devices are connected.
 The interlock shall prevent the disconnection of the auxiliary circuits with the circuitbreaker closed in the service position.
 Rack-in of CB to service position from test/rackout position shall not be possible unless
the associated Line earthswitch and Busbar earthswitch are open.
 Closing of Line Earthswitch shall be possible only if the CB is in test position or rackout
position.
 Closing of Busbar Earthswitch shall be possible only if all the associated CBs are in test
position or rackout position.
 CB cubicle door shall not open if the CB is in service and closed.
 Manual ON/OFF switches shall be provided in service as well as test position.
 It should be possible to lock the Busbar shutter and Feeder Shutter in Close as well as
Open position. It should be possible to keep the feeder shutter opened and locked when
the bus bar shutters are closed and locked.
 Busbar shutters shall be coloured, "Signal Red' Colour 537 of BS 381C and shall be
clearly labeled 'BUSBARS' in large white letters. Feeder circuit shutters shall be
coloured 'Lemon' Colour 355 of BS 381C and shall not be labeled.
 On Bus-Section equipment both sets of shutters shall be coloured, "Signal Red' Colour
537 of BS 381C and shall be clearly labeled 'BUSBARS' in large white letters. In
addition each shutter shall carry a white arrow pointing to the section of busbar with
which the shutter is associated.
 To facilitate pressure test of the cable, it should be possible to isolate VT irrespective of
the line earthswitch status when the circuit is dead.
 Viewing window for physical verification of earthswitch required.
 LV Cubicles should be hinged and shall be easily opened by lockable latching handles.
LV Cubicles should not be closed with nut and bolts. Access to LV VT MCB shall be
available without opening the LV compartment.

Transmission Department

Page 33 / 40

1.

Incomer CB Close interlock (A180, A280, ..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / Local :
a. CB in service position.
b. Transformer Earthswitch (A181, A281,..) Open
c. Busbar Earthswitch (A1241, A1261,..) Open
d. HV side CB (110, 210, .) should be close (This condition to be fulfilled only if
the HV side CB is in the same substation)
e. Voltage exists in all 3 phases. (This condition is used only to close CB. If the VT
MCB is switched off when CB is ON, loss of voltage should not trip the CB)
f. Synchro check
g. CB Drive & Aux Supply healthy
h. Trip circuit supervision healthy
i. Lockout relay not operated
In test position, CB shall free of all interlocks.
Example logic for A180 (Similar logic to be adopted for other incomers)
LCC Local mode
BCU Local mode
SCS Local mode
NCC mode
A180 in Service Position
A1241 Open
A181 Open
Note : This condition shall be fulfilled
only if HV side switchgear is in the
#110 Close
same substation.
Synchro Check
CB Drive healthy
Aux Supply healthy
Trip Circuit supervision healthy
Note : This condition is used only to close CB.
If the VT MCB is switched off when CB is ON,
Lockout relay not operated
loss of voltage should not trip the CB
Voltage exist in all 3 ph

&

A180 Close

A180 in Test Position

Transmission Department

Page 34 / 40

2.

Outgoing CB Close interlock (A120, ..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / Local :
a. CB in service position.
b. Transformer Earthswitch (A181, A281,..) Open
c. Busbar Earthswitch (A1241, A1261,..) Open
d. HV side CB (110, 210, .) should be close (This condition to be fulfilled only if
the HV side CB is in the same substation)
e. Voltage exists in all 3 phases. (This condition is used only to close CB. If the VT
MCB is switched off when CB is ON, loss of voltage should not trip the CB)
f. Synchro check
g. CB Drive & Aux Supply healthy
h. Trip circuit supervision healthy
i. Lockout relay not operated
In test position, CB shall free of all interlocks.
Example logic for A120 (Similar logic to be adopted for other Bus Section CB)

Transmission Department

Page 35 / 40

3.

Outgoing CB Close interlock (A100, A200, ..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in Remote / SCS / BCU / Local :
a. CB in service position.
b. Line Earthswitch (A101, A201,..) Open
c. Busbar Earthswitch (A1241, A1261,..) Open
d. CB Drive & Aux Supply healthy
e. Trip circuit supervision healthy
f. Lockout relay not operated
In test position, CB shall free of all interlocks.
Example logic for A100 (Similar logic to be adopted for other outgoing feeders)

4.

Incomer / Bus Section / Outgoing CB Open interlock (A180, A280, A120, A100..)
All conditions below shall be satisfied:
a. - Protection Trip
OR
- Emergency Trip (if equipped)
OR
- Open command from Bay (Local / BCU / SCS / NCC as per appropriate
selection)

Transmission Department

Page 36 / 40

5.

Transformer Earthswitch (Incomer) Close/Open interlock (A181, A281,..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in SCS / BCU / Local :
a. CB in test position OR fully rackout position
b. HV side MBB and RBB Isolator shall be Open (This condition to be fulfilled only
if the HV side switchgear is in the same substation).
c. VT in service
d. VT fuses healthy
e. VT MCB ON
f. No Voltage condition
g. Corresponding LVAC CB in test/rackout position OR ETx FSU shall be OFF
Example logic for A181 (Similar logic to be adopted for other Inc E.Sw)

6.

Busbar Earthswitch Close/Open interlock (A1241, A1261..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in SCS / BCU / Local :
a. CB in test position OR fully rackout position
b. VT in service
c. VT fuses healthy
d. VT MCB ON
e. No Voltage condition
Example logic for A1241 (Similar logic to be adopted for other Bus E.Sw)

Transmission Department

Page 37 / 40

7.

Line Earthswitch (Outgoing) Close/Open interlock (A101, A201..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied in SCS / BCU / Local :
a. CB in test position OR fully rackout position
b. VT in service
c. VT fuses healthy
d. VT MCB ON
e. No Voltage condition
Example logic for A101 (Similar logic to be adopted for other Line E.Sw)

8.

VT Isolation / In service (A186, A286, A106, A206,A16, A26 ..)


All conditions below shall be satisfied:
a. VT MCB ON
b. VT fuses healthy
c. No Voltage condition

Transmission Department

Page 38 / 40

F.

METAL ENCLOSED AC SWITHCGEAR (provided with disconnectors)


SINGLE BUSBAR :
IEC 62271-200 in addition to IEC 60694 to be followed

Interlocks between different components of the equipment are provided for reasons of protection
and for convenience of operation. The following provisions are mandatory for main circuits.




Interlocks shall be provided to prevent operation of disconnectors under conditions other


than those for which they are intended (refer to IEC 62271-102).
The operation of a disconnector shall be prevented unless the circuit-breaker, switch or
contactor is in the open position.
o






The operation of the circuit-breaker, switch or contactor shall be prevented unless the
associated disconnector is in the closed, open or earthing position (if provided).
Earthing switches should be interlocked with the associated disconnectors.
Apparatus installed in main circuits, the incorrect operation of which can cause damage or
which are used for securing isolating distances during maintenance work, shall be
provided with locking facilities (for example, provision for padlocks).
If earthing of a circuit is provided by the main switching device (circuit-breaker, switch
or contactor) in series with an earthing switch, the earthing switch shall be interlocked
with the main switching device. In such cases the CB shall look for the "No-Voltage"
condition.
Provision shall be made for the main switching device to be secured against unintentional
opening, for example, by disconnection of tripping circuits and blocking of the
mechanical trip.
o




NOTE 1 This rule may be disregarded if it is possible to have a busbar transfer in a double busbar
system without current interruption.

NOTE 2 Instead of an earthing switch, also a disconnector in the earthing position is possible.

If non-mechanical interlocks are provided, the design shall be such that no improper
situations can occur in case of lack of auxiliary supply. However, for emergency control,
the manufacturer may provide additional means for manual operation without
interlocking facilities. In such case, the manufacturer shall clearly identify this facility
and define the procedures for operation.
If an interlock exists, then the corresponding control gate to insert manual operation
handle should not open.
If Earthing is achieved by closing the Circuit Breaker, electrical closing should be
enabled.

Transmission Department

Page 39 / 40

G. LVAC :
a.

Each section in the LVAC board shall be fed via their respective Incomers. BusSection shall remain normally open.

b.

Auto change over scheme shall be incorporated to close the respective Bus-Section
CB if voltage on any section fails and vice versa.

c.

Auto changeover scheme shall work only if the Incomer CBs and Bus Section CB are
in service position

d.

In addition to Auto changeover scheme there shall be a Manual mode for supply
change over

e.

Momentary Paralleling of Incomers during changeover is allowed in Auto as well as


Manual mode to ensure that there is no supply interruption during change over

f.

In Test/Rackout position the Incomer CBs and Bus Section CB shall be free of all
interlocks.

Transmission Department

Page 40 / 40