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Flare systems: Major thrust points for stress analysis | What is Piping

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Flare systems: Major thrust points for stress analysis


2 0th Decem ber 2 01 4

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flange leakage checking

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Introduction:
Flare sy stem is a means of safe disposal of waste gases by burning them under controlled conditions. Flare piping generally
comprises of PSV s outlet piping, sub header piping & main header piping. Design conditions considered for stress analy sis are as
per P&IDs, line list and specific information related to flare if any by process.
A ty pical flare sy stem consists of:

PSV outlet pipes, sub header connected to main flare header , main
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Flare systems: Major thrust points for stress analysis | What is Piping

flare header connected to knock out drum , outlet of flare knock out
drum to flare stack.
A knockout drum to remov e and store condensable and entrained
liquids.
A single or multiple burner units and a flare stack.

The major thrust points which a stress engineer should consider


carefully are listed below:

Fluid Density : Fluid density has to be taken from list list (Process
Department). In absence of data, 1 /3rd water filled weight can be
assumed for Caesar input.

Test Method: Flare lines are normally pneumatic tested. So, hy drotest weight is not required to be considered. Howev er in
specific cases water filled weight has to be considered (Check with Process department).

Supporting: Flare lines are normally prov ided with slopes as per Project specification. So general practice is to support with
Shoe/saddle supports. Supporting span to be maintained such than sustained sagging should not ex ceed 3-5 mm. Structure
below pipe support / shoe height is to be planned to meet piping sloping/free draining requirement.

SIF: Normal industry practice is to take 45 degree/90 degree branch connections from Flare Header: Proper SIF (both
inplane and outplane) should be incorporated at branch connections while entering data into Caesar II. SIF s can be
calculated using Fe-SIF, Nozzle Pro, or some other ty pe of FEA software. Sometimes reinforcement may be required to reduce
SIF v alue.

Temperature Gradient: In a flare sy stem sometimes temperature gradient or profile may ex ist when the hot contents flow into
the subheader / main header which is at a lower temperature ( confirmation with process if required ).
Flex ibility : Piping shall be ev aluated for flex ibility . If necessary ex pansion loops shall be prov ided. Ex pansion joints to be
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Flare systems: Major thrust points for stress analysis | What is Piping

av oided. Flare piping loops are planned in horizontal plane (4D bends) in order to ensure pipe slope/free draining
requirement. Howev er no of loops should be minimised as much as possible.

Flare line routing and supporting to be planned in such a way that forces and moments on flare knock out drum nozzle
connections are minimized.
Sometimes Flare line may consist of two phoase flow. So V ibration/Accoustic analy sis is required to be performed and
supporting to be strengthened.

More In flange leakage checking


Flange Leakage Evaluation based on NC 3658.3 Method method using
Caesar II
This is the last post on the topic Flange Leakage Ev aluation using Caesar II. I had already published 3 more posts on flange
leakage checking. Clickread more

Few points on Selection of Bolts


Bolted joints are ex tensiv ely used in piping industry . Flanged joints can be thought with proper bolts. So selection of appropriate
bolts play s an important roleread more

Methods for flange leakage checking by Pressure Equivalent Method using Caesar II
Few day s back I had published a post on Methods for checking flange leakage. In that article the I had mentioned the theoritical
background (analy sisread more

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