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Standard

INSPECTION
OF
DRILL
STEM COMPONENTS

Introduction

Drill pipes shall be checked independently of all


other equipment. Inspection of hoisting equipment
and all other load baring equipment is to be managed via the preventative maintenance system
(PMS) under the existing inspection criteria current
set by each company and chief mechanics department.

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This standard shall set the minimum requirements applied


across TNK-BP to inspection of drill stem components. This
standard shall not supersede the mandatory requirements
defined by the Russian authorities. If the requirements set
herein are higher than those defined by the Russian authorities, the former shall prevail.


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Most failures of drill pipe result from some form of metal fatigue. A fatigue failure is one which originates as a result of
repeated or fluctuating stresses having maximum values less
than the tensile strength of the material. Fatigue fractures are
progressive, beginning as minute cracks that grow under the
action of the fluctuating stress. The rate of propagation is related to the applied cyclic loads and under certain conditions
may be extremely rapid. The failure does not normally exhibit
extensive plastic deformation and is therefore difficult to detect
until such time as considerable damage has occurred. There
is no accepted means of inspecting to determine the amount
of accumulated fatigue damage or the remaining life in the
pipe at a given stress level.

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Presently accepted means of inspection are limited to


location of cracks, pits, and other surface marks; measurement of remaining wall thickness; measurement of outside
diameter; and calculation of remaining cross sectional area.
Recent industry statistics confirm that a major percentage of
tube body in-service failures occur near the upset runout or

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within the slip area. Special attention to these critical failure


areas should be performed during inspection to facilitate crack
detection in drill strings which have been subjected to abnormally high bending stresses. Drill pipe which has just been
inspected and found free of cracks may develop cracks after
very short additional service through the addition of damage to
previously accumulated fatigue damage.

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Content

1.
2.
3.

Drill String Cracks


Measurement of Pipe Wall
Determination of Cross Sectional Area (optional)

1.
2.
3.

4. Procedure
5. Tool Joints
5.1.
Required inspections
5.2.
Optional Inspections
5.3.
General
6. Drill Collar inspection procedure
7. Drill Collar handling System
8. Kellys
9. Setting the Inspection Program
10. Inspection Methods
11. Inspection Program
11.1.
Recommended beginning Inspection Frequency
11.2.

Recommended Inspection Programs for Drill


Pipe
11.3.
Recommended Inspection programs Drill Collars
and HWDP
12. Suggested Field Inspection of Aluminum Tubes /
Steel Tool Joints
13. Recommended inspection for hard banding (Tool
Joints)
13.1.
Wear Resistant Overlays
13.1.1. Transverse Cracks
13.1.2. Circumferential Cracks and flaking/spalling
13.1.3. Interbead Troughs
13.2.
Tungsten Carbide overlays
14. Recommended inspection or drill pipe bores with internal plastic lining
1.




( )
4.
5.
5.1.

5.2.

5.3.

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
11.1.


11.2.


11.3.


12.
/
13. ( )
13.1.
13.1.1.
13.1.2

/
13.1.3.
13.2. -
14.


1.

Drill String Cracks

A crack is a single line rupture of the pipe surface.


The rupture shall:
a) be of sufficient length to be shown by magnetic iron particles used in magnetic particle inspection or
b) be identifiable by visual inspection of the outside of the tube
and/or optical or ultrasonic shear-wave inspection of the inside
of the tube. Drill pipe tubes / , tool joints, and drill collars found
to contain cracks should be considered unfit for further drilling
service. Shop repair of some tool joints and drill collars, containing cracks, may be possible if the unaffected area of the
tool joint body or drill collar permits.


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2.

2.

Measurement of Pipe Wall

Tube body conditions will be classified on the basis of


the lowest wall thickness measurement obtained and the remaining wall requirements. The only acceptable wall thickness
measurements are those made with pipe-wall micrometers,
ultrasonic instruments, or gamma-ray devices that the operator can demonstrate to be within 2 percent accuracy by use of
the test blocks sized to approximate pipe wall thickness. When
using a highly sensitive ultrasonic instrument, care must be
taken to ensure that detection of an inclusion or lamination is
not interpreted as a wall thickness measurement.



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3.

3.
( )

Determination of Cross Sectional Area (optional)

Determine cross sectional area by use of a direct


indicating instrument that the operator can demonstrate to be
within 2 percent accuracy by use of a pipe section approximately the same as the pipe being inspected. In the absence
of such an instrument, integrate wall thickness measurements
taken at 1-inch intervals around the tube.


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4.

4.

Procedure

Used drill pipe should be classified according to the


API Recommended Practice (RP) 7G table 24 (for pipes
manufactured in accordance with API standards or in accordance with GOST requirements). Hook loads at minimum yield
strength for New, Premium and Class 2 drill pipe, values recommended for minimum OD and make-up torque of weld-on
tool joint used with the New, Premium and Class 2 drill pipe
and maximum allowable hook loads for New, Premium and
Class 2 tubing work strings are listed in tables of API RP 7G or
in the reference literature for Russian made pipes.



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5.

TOOL JOINTS

5.

5.1. Required inspections

5.1.

Following are required inspections:


a)

Outside diameter measurements measure tool joint


outside diameter at a distance of 1 inch from the
shoulder and determine classification from data in
Classification table for Used Tool Joints (API RP 7G).
Minimum shoulder width should be used when tool
joints are worn eccentrically. The GOST pipes data
are presented in Attachment 1.

b)

Condition of the shoulders check the tool joint


shoulders for wear marks, scratches, burrs and other

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1-

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damage that could influence the condition of the


shoulders or their ability to hold pressure. The GOST
pipes data are presented in Attachment 1.

) Visual thread inspection the thread profile is checked


to detect over-torque, lapped threads, and stretching.
Threads are visually inspected to detect handling
damage, corrosion damage and galling. In addition,
threads are checked for wear resulting from make-up.
Minimum gaps between the tool joints bearing faces
prior to make-up are shown in Attachment 1.
5.2. Optional Inspections (dependent on selected inspection Programme see section 11 for further details)

Following are optional inspections:


a)

Shoulder width using data in Classification table for


Used Tool Joints (API RP 7G), determine minimum
shoulder width acceptable for tool joint in class as
governed by the outside diameter.

b)

Box swell and/or pin stretch these are indications of


over-torquing and their presence greatly affects the
future performance of the tool joint. The lead gauge is
the only standard method for measuring pin stretch.
On used tool joints, it is recommended that pins having stretch which exceeds 0.006 inch in 2 inches
should be recut. All pins which have been stretched
should be inspected for cracks.

c)

Magnetic particle inspection if evidence of pin


stretching is found, magnetic particle inspection
should be made of the entire pin threaded area, especially the last engaged thread area, to determine if
transverse cracks are present.
In highly stress drilling environments or if evidence of
damage, such as cracking is noted, magnetic particle
inspection should be made of the entire box threaded
area, especially the last engaged thread area, to determine if transverse cracks are present.
Longitudal or irregular orientation of cracking may occur as a result of friction heat checking. In that case
magnetic particle inspection of both box and pin tool
joint surfaces, excluding any hardband area, should
be performed, with an emphasis on detection of longitudinal cracks.
For crack detection, the wet fluorescent magnetic particle method is preferred for tool joint inspections.
Tool joints found to contain cracks in the threaded areas or within the tool joint body, excluding any hardband area, should be considered unfit for further drilling service. Shop repair of some cracked tool joints
maybe possible if the unaffected area of the tool joint

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5.2.

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body permits.
d)

Minimum tong space. The criteria for determining the


minimum tong space for tool joints on used drill pipe
should be based on safe and efficient tonging operations on the rig floor, primarily when manual tongs
are in use. In this regard, there should be sufficient
tong space to allow full engagement of the tong dies,
plus an adequate amount of tong space remaining to
allow the driller and/or assistant driller to visually verify that the mating shoulders of the connection are
unencumbered to allow proper make-up or break-out
of the connection without damage.

It is also recommended that any hard banded surfaces of the pin or box tool joint tong space be excluded from the area of tong die engagement as
stated above when minimum tong space is determined.
This practice will ensure that optimum gripping of the
tongs is achieved and that damage to tong dies is
minimized.
In the case where tool joint diameters have been
worn to the extent that the original hard banding has
been substantially removed, the user may include this
area in determining the minimum tong space.

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5.3. General

5.3.

a)

gauging thread wear, plastic deformation, mechanical damage and lack of cleanliness may all contribute
to erroneous figures when plug and ring gauges are
applied to used connections. Therefore, ring and plug
standoffs should not be used to determine rejection
or continued use of rotary shouldered connections.

b)

repair of damaged shoulders when refacing a damaged tool joint shoulder, a minimum of material
should be removed. It is a good practice to remove
not more than 1/32-inch from a box or pin shoulder at
any one refacing and not more than 1/16-inch cumulatively.

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1/32 ,
1/16 .
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3/16
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1/8 .
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It is suggested that a benchmark be provided for the


determination of the amount of material which may be
removed from the tool joint makeup shoulder. This
benchmark should be applied to new or recut tool
joints after facing to gauge. The form of the benchmark should be applied to new or recut tool joints after facing to gauge.
The form of the benchmark may be a 3/16-inch diameter circle with a bar tangent to the circle parallel
to the makeup shoulder, as shown in next figure. The
distance from shoulder to the bar should be 1/8-inch.
Variations of this benchmark or other type benchmarks may be available from tool joint manufacturers
or machine shops.

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6.

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Length coverd under tool joint


inspection standard/

Length coverd under tool joint


inspection standard/

DRILL COLLAR INSPECTION PROCEDURE

6.

The following inspection procedure for used drill col-

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Length coverd under drill pipe
classification system/

CAUTION^ Length not coverd


by Inspection standarts/

-

Length coverd under drill pipe


classification system/

CAUTION^ Length not coverd


by Inspection standarts/

-

Length coverd under tool joint


inspection standard/

Length coverd under tool joint


inspection standard/

Tong space/


Tong space/

Coverage

Identification of Lengths Covered by Inspection Standards


,

lars is recommended:
a) Visually inspect full length to determine obvious
damage and overall condition
b) Measure OD and ID of both ends

7.

c)

Thoroughly clean box and pin threads. Follow immediately with wet fluorescent magnetic particle inspection for detection of cracks. A magnifying mirror may
be used in crack detection of the box threads. Drill
collars found to contain cracks should be considered
unfit for further drilling service. Shop repair of cracked
drill collars is typically possible if the unaffected area
of the drill collar permits.

d)

Use a profile gauge to check thread form and to


check for stretched pins

e)

Check box bore back diameter for swelling. In addition, use a straight edge on the crests of the threads
in the box checking for rocking due to swelling of the
box. Some machine shops may cut box bore back
larger than API standards, therefore, a check of the
diameter of the bore back may give a misleading result.

f)

Check box and pin shoulders for damage. All field repairable damage shall be reapired by refacing and
beveling. Excessive damage to shoulders should be
repaired in reputable machine shops with API standard gauges.

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7.

DRILL COLLAR HANDLING SYSTEM

When the elevator shoulder on drill collar is new it is


square and has sufficient area in contact with the elevator. As
the collar is used for drilling, however, it wears as shown in
Figure below.

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Elevator contact area is decreased by collar OD wear and

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Ensure the elevator shoulder radius on the drill collar is cold


worked when shoulder is reworked.



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1/16
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40 60
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8.

8.

elevator load is increased by angle and radius buildup on the


collar and corresponding wear on the elevator seat.

Elevator capacity is drastically reduced by spreading action as


most all drill collar elevators are intended for use with square
shoulders only.
As an example, with 1/16 inch wear on the collar OD, 1/32 inc
radius worn on the corner, and a 5-degree angle on the shoulder, elevator capacity can be reduced by as much as 40 to 60
percent, depending on collar size and elevator design.
Before this danger point is reached, the collar and
elevator should be shopped and the shoulder brought back to
a square condition.

KELLYS

The following inspection procedure is recommended for used


kellys:
a)

Examine junction between upsets and drive section


for cracks. (A saver sub shall be removed from the
Kelly prior to the examination).

b)

Kelly straightness can be checked either of two ways:


1.
By watching for excessive swing of the
swivel and traveling block while drilling, or
2.
By placing square kellys on level supports
(on at each end of drive section), stretching a heavy
cord from one end of a vertical face of the square to
the other, measuring deflection, rolling Kelly 90 degrees, an repeating procedure. A too long kelly can
sag because of its own weight. Therefore if all kelly
sides are of equal non-straightness (in turning
mode), its geometry shall be considered satisfactory.

3.
Visual thread inspection the thread profile is
checked to detect over-torque, lapped threads, and
stretching. Threads are visually inspected to detect
handling damage, corrosion damage and galling. In
addition, threads are checked for wear resulting from
make-up. Minimum gaps between the tool joints
bearing faces prior to make-up are shown in Attachment 1.
9.



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9.

SETTING THE INSPECTION PROGRAM

This section recommends standard procedures for specifying


and conducting inspection programs for used drill stem components - drill pipe, heavy-weight drill pipe, drill collars, and
end connections on all drill stem components.


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The inspection program defines:


a)

Which inspection methods will be applied to each drill


stem component

b)

How each inspection method must be conducted in


step-by-step procedure
What acceptance criteria will be in effect during inspection

c)

)

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Many inspection errors occur because the operator does


not know or does not spell out his exact requirements.
Operators may require (API) Inspection without understanding what this includes and more importantly, what it omits.


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10. Inspection Methods

10.

The following table lists fifteen widely available inspection


methods that make up the great majority of drill stem inspections today. All these methods are generic and are available
from multiple sources, though each may employ slightly different equipment.

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NAME OF METHOD /

APPLIED TO /
-

1. Visual Tube /

Drill pipe tubes /


2. OD Gauge Tube /

Drill pipe tubes /


3. UT Wall Thickness
(ultrasonic) /

Drill pipe tubes /


WHAT IS DONE /
WHAT IS BEING EVALUATED /
INSPECTION APPARATUS /

Full length visual examination of the inside and outside surfaces of used tubes /


Straightness, mechanical or corrosion damage, debris such as scale or drilling
mud / , ,
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Paint marker, pit depth gage, and a light capable of illuminating the full length
internal surface of the pipe are required / , ,

Full length mechanical gauging of the outside diameter of used Drill pipe tubes /

Diameter variations caused by excessive wear or mechanical damage, expansions caused by string shot, reduction caused by overpull /
,

Direct reading or Go-No-Go type gages may be used. Gages must be capable
of measuring the smallest and largest permissible tube outside diameter / - .
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Measurement of the wall thickness around one circumference of the drillpipe
tube using an ultrasonic thickness gage /
Tube wall thickness below the specified acceptance limits, minimum crosssectional area of the tube / ,
The ultrasonic instrument shall be the pulse-echo type with digital or analog
display. The transducer shall have separate transmit and receive elements. /

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4. Electromagnetic 1
/
1

Drill pipe tubes /


5. Electromagnetic 2
/
2

Drill pipe tubes /


6. MPI Slip/Upset
(magnetic particle inspection) /

Drill pipe or HWDP


slip and upset areas /

7. UT Slip/Upset
(ultrasonic) /

Drill pipe or HWDP


slip and upset areas /

8. Elevator Groove /

Drill collar elevator

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Full length scanning (excluding upsets) of drill pipe tube using the longitudinal
field buggy type unit / (
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Transverse flaws such as fatigue cracks, corrosion pits, cuts, gouges, and other
damage that exceed the specified acceptance limits / , , , , ,
Flux leakage detection equipment (unit) used for transverse flow detection shall
utilize a DC coil. The unit shall be designed to allow active inspection of the
tube surface from upset-to-upset. / ,
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Full length scanning (excluding upsets) using a unit with both longitudinal EMI
and gamma ray wall thickness capabilities /
( )

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Flaws such as fatigue cracks, corrosion pits, cuts, gouges, and other damage
that exceed the specified acceptance limits, full length tube wall thickness /
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a) EMI unit (flux leakage detection unit) / ( ).
b) Gamma ray unit shall employ a configuration capable of detecting eccentricity. The double average wall method shall be used only in conjunction with
backscatter or single wall method. / .
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Examination of external surface of DP and HWDP upsets and slip areas using
the active-field AC yoke dry visible magnetic particle technique /
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Flows such as a fatigue cracks, corrosion pits, cuts, gouges, exceed the specified acceptance limits / ,
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Longitudinal magnetization shall be accomplished with a handheld AC yoke /

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Examination of DP and HWDP upsets and slip areas using shear wave ultrasonic equipment /

Flows such as a fatigue cracks, corrosion pits, cuts, gouges, and exceed the
specified acceptance limits / , , , , , .
The ultrasonic instruments for both scanning and prove-up shall be the pulseecho type with A-scan presentation and gain control increments no greater than
2 db. The units shall have both audible and visible alarms. /
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Measurement of elevator groove dimensions such as collar OD, groove length,

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grooves /

9. Visual Connection
/

Drill pipe tool joints


HWDP tool joints
BHA connections /
,

10. Dimensional 1 /
1

Drill pipe tool joints


/

11. Dimensional 2
2

Drill pipe tool joints


/

12. Dimensional 3 /
3

HWDP tool joint &


upsets
BHA connections /

groove depth, and visual inspection of groove shoulder / , ,


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Out of tolerance dimensions which could result in inadequate gripping of the
collar, or rounded shoulders which could overstress the elevators / , ,
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Visual examination of connections, shoulders, and tool joint and profile check of
threads, measurement of box swell /
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Handling damage, indications of torsional damage, galling, washout fins, visibly
non-flat shoulders, corrosion, weight/grade markings on tool joint and pin flat /
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A metal rule, a metal straight edge, a hardened and ground profile gage, OD
calipers, a lead gage, and a lead setting standard shall be available / , ,
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Measurement or Go-No-Go gaging of box OD, pin ID, shoulder width, tong
space, box bore back/
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A steel rule, a metal straightedge, and ID and OD calipers are required / ,

Dimensional 1 requirements plus measurement or Go-No-Go gaging of pin
lead, counterbore depth, pin flat length, bevel diameter, seal width, and shoulder flatness / 1
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Same as dimensional 1, plus evidence of torsional damage, potential box
thread engagement with pin flat, excessive shoulder width, sufficient seal area
to avoid galling, non-flat shoulders / , 1
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A metal rule, a metal straight edge, a hardened and ground profile gage, a lead
gage, and a lead setting standard, and ID and OD calipers are required / , , ,
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Measurement or Go-No-Go gaging of box OD, pin ID, pin lead, bevel diameter,
pin stress relief groove diameter and width, boreback cylinder diameter and
thread length and HWDP center upset diameter /
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13. Blacklight Connection /

14. UT Connection
(ultrasonic) /

15. Liquid Penetrant


Connection/

Drill pipe tool joints


HWDP tool joints
BHA connections
(magnetic only) /
,

( )
HWDP tool joints
BHA connections
(all) /

()
Non-magnetic BHA
connections /

Torsional capacity of HWDP pin and box, drill collar BSR, evidence of torsional
damage, excessive shoulder width, proper dimensions on stress relief features
to reduce connection, wear on HWDP center upset /
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A metal rule, a metal straight edge, a hardened and ground profile gage, a lead
gage, and a lead setting standard, and ID and OD calipers are required / , , ,
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Fluorescent wet magnetic particle inspection using active DC current / , . .
The existence of fatigue cracks /
1. Particle Bath Medium/
2. Blacklight Equipment /
3. Coil (a DC coil) / ( )
4. Magnetic particle field indicator /
5. A mirror to examine box thread roots /
Compression wave pulse-echo ultrasonic inspection of connections /
The existence of fatigue cracks/
The ultrasonic instrument shall be the pulse-echo type with with and A-scan
presentation / -
With liquid penetrant inspection of connections /
The existence of fatigue cracks/

11.

11. Inspection Program


A typical inspection program consists of selecting one
or more of the methods from above table and applying them to
the drill stem components, using step-by-step procedures.
The drill stem inspection program will vary with the
severity of drilling conditions and the safety, environmental
and economic risks associated with a possible failure. More
several conditions with higher associated risks demand more
inspections and tighter acceptance criteria. For operators
wishing to tailor the inspection programs for various drilling
conditions and risks, DS-1 standard establishes five service
categories:
1.

Service Category 1: very shallow, very routine wells in well-developed areas. When
drill stem failures occur, failure costs are so
minimal that the cost of extensive inspection
would not have been justified (OFS Definition = Vertical and Direction wells from 0 m
to 1500 m measured depth)

2.

Service category 2: Routine drilling conditions where the established practice is to


perform minimal inspection and failure experience is low. (OFS Definition = Verticial
and Directional wells 1500 m to 2500 m


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1.

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- 0 1500 ).
2. 2: ,

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3.

4.

5.

1500 2500 50 ).
3. 3: , .
.(
, -, S 2500
4000 . , 600 )
4. 4: , 3. ( 3,
600 800 ) .

measured depth with a maximum deviation


of 50 deg)
Service Category 3: Mid range drilling conditions where a standard inspection program
is justified. If a failure occurs, the risk of significant fishing cost or losing part of the hole
is slight. (OFS Definition = all wells vertical ,
directional, S shaped horizontal from 2500
m to 4000 m. When horizontal section does
not exceed 600 meters measured depth.
Service Category 4: Drilling conditions more
difficult than Cat.3. Significant fishing costs
or losing part of the hole are likely in the
event of a drill stem failure. OFS Definition
= same as Cat 3 but where Horizontal section is greater then 600 800 meters measured depth.
Service category 5: Severe drilling conditions. Several factors combine to make the
cost of a possible failure very high. (OFS
Definition = All wells greater then 4000 meters measured depth or wells with highly
complicated zones of loss circulation, HTHP,
well bore stability and H2S, where horizontal
section is greater than 800 meters.

11.1 Recommended inspection frequency

Component /

Drill Pipe and Kellys /

Aluminum Drill pipe/

HWDP & Drill Collars all


down hole subs and
cross overs below drill
pipe / ,


Surface subs between
Swivel
and
Kelly/

Subs between Kelly and
first
joint
of
drill
pipe./

5.

11.1

Service Category /
12
3 -4

When picked up /

When picked up/

After each 1500 rotating


hours /
1500
After 2500 hours rotating
and non rotating/
2500

When picked up/
After each 600 rotating
hours (+/- 10%) /
600

After each 1500 rotating


hours /
1500
After 2500 hours rotating
and non rotating/
2500

When picked up/
After each 600 rotating
hours (+/- 10%) /
600

After each 2500 actual rotating hours/


2500

After each 2500 actual rotating hours/


2500

After each 2500 actual rotating hours/


2500

After 500 make up and


brake outs/
500

After 500 make up and


brake outs (shall be specified in the subs passport)/
500
(
)

After 500 make up and brake


outs/ 500

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5: .

( 4000
, , , , 800 .

Before each well /

After 2500 hours rotating and


non rotating/
2500

When picked up/



After each 600 rotating hours
(+/- 10%)/ 600

11.2 Recommended Inspection Programs for Drill


Pipe

11.2

(less severe) Inspection Program for Drilling Service Category


(more severe)

( )
( )
Component / - 1
2
3
4
5

Tool Joint /

Visual connection
/

Drill Pipe Tube /


Visual Tube
/

Acceptance Criteria /
(See
Table 24 API RP
7G for classification requirements
for API pipe/ .
24
7 - )

Class 2 / 2

Visual
connection /

Dimensional 1
/ 1
Visual Tube /

OD Gage /

UT-wall thickness /

Class 2 or
Premium
Class
(depending
on
loads to be
applied) / 2-

Visual connection /

Dimensional 2 /
2

Visual connection /

Dimensional 2 / 2

Visual Tube /

OD Gage /


UT-wall thickness /

Electromagnetic1 /

Visual Tube /

OD Gage /


UT-wall thickness /


Electromagnetic1 /

1
MPI Upsets /

Premium Class

Premium Class

11.3 Recommended Inspection programs Drill Collars


and HWDP

Component /
Connection /

Service Category /
1
2
Visual connection /

11.3

Visual connection /
Blacklight connection /

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Visual connection /

Dimensional 2 / 2
Blacklight
connection /
Visual Tube /

OD Gage /


UT-wall thickness /


Electromagnetic1 /

1
MPI Upsets/

UT Upsets /

Premium Class /

3-5
Visual connection /
Blacklight connection /

DC elevator groove (if present) /



( )
HWDP tube /

Elevator groove /


Visual tube /

Elevator groove /
Visual tube /

Dimensional 3 / 3
Elevator groove /
Visual tube /

MPI upsets /

An unscheduled drill stem inspection should be performed


when well remediation work is done involving tensile, torsional
loads or drill string failures (due to impact loads or parting).


, (
) .

After defining Service categories 1 5, the operator determines the drill stem inspection program in a given well or area
using a three-step process:

1 5, - ,
:
1:

2:
3:
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)
,

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.

Step 1: Choose a Service Category for the Well Being Considered


Step 2: Specify the Inspection Program
Step 3: Specify the Acceptance Criteria (which acceptance
criteria the inspector will use to accept or reject the material)
Acceptance criteria are selected based on the anticipated
loads, equipment availability and failure history. The choices
will usually consist of picking a drill pipe class and then selecting a BSR (Bending Strength Ratio) range for BHA connections.
12. SUGGESTED FIELD INSPECTION OF ALUMINUM
TUBES / STEEL TOOL JOINTS
1)
Tubes and tool joints should be CLEAN & DRY to allow inspection.
2)
Check make/break shoulders of boxes and pins for
handling damage, distortion and eccentric wear.
3)
Check pin threads for stretch using a lead gauge. (A
profile gauge is a poor substitute.)
4)
Examine box threads for damage and measure box
counterbore for distortion.
5)
Examine aluminum near steel tool joint for cathodic
corrosion. This is both outside and inside. Pit depths should
not exceed 1/8 or 0.125.
6)
Measure tubes at mid-point with a pi-tape. If remaining wall is less than 80% of nominal, tubes are below premium class.
7)
Examine connection between tool joint members and
tube. Any obvious movement is cause for rejection.
8)
Measure box outside diameter within 1 of box
make/break shoulder. Excess wear can make this member
the limiting factor with regards to torsional strength. (Be
guided by API RP7G.)

12.

1)

.
2)
/
, .
3)


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4)



5)
. . 1.8" 0.125".
6)

,
80% ,
.
7)
.

.
8)
1" .

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7 )
9)
Pressure test all drill string assemblies to pressure,
needed for used drill string.

9)

10)
Inspect all members visually as they are being handled. Reject bent tubes and tubes and tool joints that exhibit
eccentric wear.

10)

11)
Watch tubes for exfoliation. Exposure to salt water
causes some aluminum alloys to peel in hand-sized layers.

11)

12)
Reject tubes with excess slip marks.
360-degree
deep slip grooves are stress raisers, generally brought about
by careless handling.

12)

13. Recommended Inspection for Hard Banding


The hardbanded area, heat affected zone (HAZ) from the
welding/hardbanding process, and the adjacent parent material region for a minimum of 25mm (1 inch) either side shall be
inspected at the same time as the drill pipe. The hardbanded
region shall be examined for cracks by visual inspection. The
adjacent HAZ and surrounding parent material shall be examined for cracks by visual inspection together with dye penetrant (e.g. in accordance with ASME V, Article 6) and/or magnetic particle inspection, (e.g. in accordance with ASME V,
Article 7) as appropriate (Note: ASME = American Society of
Mechanical Engineers)
In addition, visual by the rig floor crew of the hardbanding during tripping operations is required.
This section gives information on what features to look for during this inspection.

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.

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13.

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13.1 Wear Resistant Overlays

13.1

On wear resistant alloys it is normal to find cracks in the transverse or diagonal direction. Typically, these cracks may run
straight across the weld bead or at an angle of between 30
and 45 Occasionally the cracks will interconnect. This is acceptable providing the cracks are less than 1.6mm (1/16)
wide with, in the case of cracks which extend across the full
width of the hard banded region, a minimum spacing or
12.5mm (). If the cracks exceed these criteria then the pipe
should not be run in the well. The reason for this is that
spalling may result, possibly leading to severe casing wear. If
for any reason cracks extend into the HAZ (Heat Affected
Zone), parent metal or main body of the component, then the
joint should be taken out of service.

.
30-45.
. , 1,6 (1/16) , , , 12,5 (1/2 ).
,
. , . - , ,
.

13.1.1 Transverse Cracks

13.1.1.

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>1/2
<1/16

The above figure illustrates an acceptable configuration of


transverse cracks. Crack are less than 1/16 (1.6mm) wide
and cracks extending the full width of the hard band deposit
are greater than *(12.5mm) apart.


. , 1/16 (1,6 )
, * (12,5 )
.

13.1.2 Circumferential Cracks and flaking/spalling

13.1.2. /

If there is any single continuous circumferentially running


cracks greater than 76mm (3) long, these are unacceptable
as they can result in premature fatigue failure. In such circumstances, lay out the bad joint.
If there is any evidence of the hardbanded deposit spalling,
flaking or chipping off, this is not acceptable as this can result
in premature casing wear. The pipe should not be run in the
well.


76 (3) , , .
,
- , , . .

. 3

Cracks into
HAZ or parent metal are
not allowed

The above figure illustrates unacceptable circumferential


cracking and flaking/spalling and acceptable circumferential
cracking. Cracks into the HAZ and parent metal are not allowed and pipes exhibiting such cracks should not be run into
the well. These pipes should be removed and sent for repair
and require the cracks to be complete removed in accordance
with a repair and re-hardbanding procedures to be approved
by TNK-BP.
13.1.3 Inter-bead troughs


(), . , .

-
.

13.1.3

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<3

Small troughs between individual weld beads are acceptable


providing they are no more than (3.2mm) wide or 1/16
(1.6mm) deep.


, 1/3 (3,2 ) 1/16 (1,6 ).

13.1.4 Wear tolerance/weld overlay defects

13.1.4. /

,
, ..
, 4,8 (3/16).
, .
,
3,2 (1/3)
1,6 (1/16), . , ,
. - .
13.2 -

For flush overlays the tool joint should be re-hardbanded as


soon as the tool joint wear exceeds the thickness of the weld
overlay, i.e. either when local areas are found where there is
no hardfacing material remaining or when the tool joint diameter has reduced by more than 4.8mm (3/16)
For proud overlays, the tool joint should be re-hardbanded as
soon as the hardbanded area is flush with the tool joint.
If there are surface breaking non-linear defects such as porosity on the hard band weld beads greater than 3.2mm () or
1.6mm (1/16) deep, these may be filled by using semiautomatic GMAW or SMAW. This type of repair must be
performed with a consumable matching the composition of the
hardband material and will require a TNK-BP approved weld
procedure for application.
13.2 Tungsten Carbide overlays
The presence of cracks visible with the naked eye on the
welded or ground surface of tungsten carbide hardfacing is
unacceptable.
If there is any evidence of the hardbanded deposit spalling,
flaking or chipping off, the pipe should not be run in the well.
14. Recommended Inspection for drill pipe bores with Internal Plastic Lining
a. The pipe to be inspected shall be cleaned internally, preferably with high pressure water jetting equipment. Removal
of drilling mud, chemical residues, dust and dirt and other
visible contaminants is required.


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.
14.
a.
, . , , , , .

NOTE: The water blast should not exceed 5000psi (~ 340


atm). It is also recommended to use a 360 nozzle. Do not
use a pencil point nozzle

:
5000 /. (~340 .).
.
.

b. The pipe internal diameters to be dried with compressed air


to remove residual water prior to visual inspection

.
,

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.
. 1,2,3,4 ,
.

c. To help determine fitness for purpose, Classes 1, 2, 3 & 4


have been established to provide guidelines for evaluating
the condition of the coating
d. Photographs showing the varying conditions of the Classifications are recommended for training purposes (e.g. inspectors) and can be used to assist in decision making.

. (. ) , , .
.
- (
)

e. The benefits of a comprehensive used drill pipe coating


inspection program are ultimately to extend the useful life of
the pipe and to prevent premature failures caused by pitting
type corrosion in the critical transition area (weld line and
internal upset area)
Drift requirements
Each length of external upset drill pipe shall be tested
throughout the length of the pipe with a cylindrical drift mandrel
having a diameter 3,2 mm smaller than the inside diameter of
the drill pipe and a length 10 times the inside diameter.


3,2 ,
10 .

CLASSIFICATIONS:

CLASS 1

Status: Re-use

Description:

The internal diameter coating contains minor abrasion and scrapes down the tube and in the critical
transition area
No corrosion products (rust or scale) are present in
the tube or transition area

( )
,

The internal diameter coating is not blistering or delaminating (coming off)

Damage to the coating in the tool joints is normal and


acceptable

In Tool Joint

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CLASS 2

In Upset Run Out

In Tube Body

Status: Re-use

Description:

The internal diameter of the tube coating contains


limited wire line cuts and tool damage

Presence of corrosion (rust) is visible. However, there


is no serious underfilm (undercreep) corrosion present.

(). .

Coating loss is 5% or less in the tube

5%

Limited cuts and scrapes are present, but there is


minimal coating loss in the transition area.

, .

Internal diameter coating is not blistering or delaminating (coming off).

Damage to the coating in the tool joints is normal and


acceptable

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CLASS 3
Description:

In Tool Joint

In Upset Run Out

In Tube Body

Status: Re-use

3
:

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The internal diameter of the tube contains multiple


wireline cuts and tool damage
The underfilm corrosion is present but not severe
Coating loss is 15% or less in the tube
Damage to the transition area observed but coating
loss is less than 15% and the onset of pitting type
corrosion has not occurred.
Internal diameter coating is not blistering of delaminating (coming off).
Damage or the coating in the tool joints is normal and
acceptable

Note:

Re-use of this pipe is normal drilling operations is acceptable. However, the coating should be re-inspected
after each use.
Note: Re-use of this pipe in deep, high temperature gas wells
with significant amounts of CO2 and or H2S is not recommended
Note: Water blast limitations

CLASS 4

STATUS: Re-coat

Description:

.
,
15%
,
15%, .
.
.

:

.
.
:

:

Moderate to severe coating damage in the tube and


transition area with severe underfilm corrosion.

Coating loss in the tube is 25% or more with the onset of pitting corrosion

Coating loss in the transition area is 25% or more


with the onset of pitting corrosion

25%

Internal diameter coating is not blistering or delaminating (coming off)

Tool joint damage is normal

.
25%

In Tool Joint

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In Upset Run Out

In Tube Body

Developed by:
:
Brandon Benedict (OFS)
()
Valery Kolotilin (OFS)
()
Roy Richardson (SCM)
()
Andre Georgiesh (NvBN)
()
Vladimir Ryigalov (OBN)
()
Alexander Nikulin (NvBN)
()
Ivan Perepeliatnik (NPRS 1)
(-1)
Bernard Perrot (OFS)
()

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1 ( , )
Attachment 1 (drill pipes manufactured according to GOST)

.
Tool joint wear limits

,
Nominal size, mm
80
95
108
172
178
203
155

,
Minimum OD, mm

uneven wear
even wear
75
77
89
92
102
105
164
168
167
172.5
191
197
148
151.5

.
Drill pipe body wear limits

,
Nominal pipe
diameter, mm

,
Worn OD, mm

60
73
89
102

57
69
85
98

,
Nominal pipe
diameter
127
147
93

,
Worn OD, mm
124
144
90

(, ).
Allowable wear for tool joint threads (tubes, subs)

,
Tool joint
nominal diameter, mm

Thread designation

80
86
95
105
108
140
155
172/178
197

-66
-73
-76
-83
-88
-117
-133
-147
-152



, ( )
Distance between pin bearing
face and box when stabbing,
mm (minimum)
14
21
14
29
21
14
21
26
26

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