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ot fA,mriat'
.t.lteu1. Design:SedleyBrowne,
l ..Mditin Annable Wendy Kwok
' Senior Editor
Development ?ictureResearuh:
Nic Dean,
St Johnston S ophi eMorti mer
sr:Srenda Mavshall leniorProduction
i:,'Sittditor:layne Swanson
[ditor:layne Swanso TerenceStrongman
Graham Coleman, l'{arketing;
John Balmond
Glenday,lain Reid, Head of lirculation:
Richmond,8en Way C hri sJ enner

autiors:Andrew Green,Tim Coleman, David.
tioirel fanthorpe, Craig Glenday,David
,letr Way.
: PeterJordan/toneanPkture Inserlmages.
(raig6lenday,Liond& Patncia tanrho4e.
would liketo thankall thosewhohelped in the
The X Factor.
5t Johnston.
he first sign that somethins Jasmin, lvho nas possessedbr-the A Josmin Griggs wos | 8 months old
was wrong rvaswhen the spirit of a former tenant. when she become o vicfim of
furniture began to This theory lvas apparentlv poronormol octivity. Poltergeists offen
r rearrange itself in August borne out whenJasmin suddenlv {row their energy from children, but
1992.Then there rvere the began s.peakingin strange accents rorely os young os Josmin.
unpleasant srnellsand strange and voiceslvhich sor-rnded
noisesrvhoseorigins could not be unnervinglv adult. She would alrlher)ticitl ol- her claims.
traced. The flriggs famil,v had onlv regularly answer her mother in a Polterqeists are not a recent
moved ir-rtothe cotrncil house in guttural Northern dialect. p r o b l e m . T h e l e r v a sa c a s e i r r
Portsmouth, Er.rsland,fivo months China around AD900 and an even
previously, and thev rr'er-ealread,v P H A N T OM FR IE N D earlier one docLrrner-rted in Roman
beginning to regret their clecision. Tlvo further mediums rvere called I t a h i r r A D 5 3 0 . T h e a c r r r a l r e rm i s
All the signspointed to a classic in, rvho identified the presenceas G e r m a n a r r c l n r c a r r s 'r r o i s y s pi r i t'.
caseof poltergeist distr"rrb:rnce. a man called Pero', originally from u'hich is appropriate as the
There was one room orl the the north of Eneland.Jasmin and pherromerron oficn irrcludes loud
ground floor of the trvo-up, Percy hacl become firm friends, and stl ange rroises.
trvo-down building that seemed to thev said. Mrs Griggs presented The main difference between
be the focus of the activity, and the these findings to the council and p o l t e r s e i s l s a r r d g h o s l s i s t h a t th e
whole family was afraid to enter. In refirseclto pa,vrent r,rntil damages p h e n o m e n a a l e g e r r e l a l l y a l ta ch e d
desperation, Mrs Griggs called in a caused by the spirit to the famil1' to a persoll rather than a place.
priest and a psychic,and was home was repaired. Cour-rcil \Al-rererer the persorr - or
terrified to hear that they believed offi cials and paranormal 'e p i c e n t r e ' - g o e s . r h e p o l t e rg e i st
the cause was her young daughter researchersare still examining the activity follorvs. Typically, though

lflgoly paffeaves
Ntcota dispirited
$"|W,1tumr r,".,o,1. tu" .-

by no means exclusivell',poltergeist belier,esrhar rhere is no 'u'aine;'i"i"'i'''"Ji#
*&W&$ Jfr*::r:l,g',r",
phenomena are connected r,vitha general pattern. He is ": "€lE$ .";;il"""',i,:,*il::f.
yolrng person - often female - who conr,inced that poltergeist actir,itv
i s tr s uallvr r ndel a c e rta i rra mo u n t is actually instances of One case tl'rat flreen ;
of stress. psychokinesis - the abilitv to move investigarecl \uppurrc.l tl.ristl.rcorr'. z
A-rdrew Green, a renorvned objects and create noises allegedly A fotrr-r'eirr-olclbov hacl besun to
p a r ar r or m ali r r v esi tg a to r' i.s a rta l e by thought alone. This, he argues, behale strangel\. ancl l-risriollied
of the connection betrveen can be produced subconsciouslv b1' parents strspectccl the plesence of !
poltergeist acti'n'ityand voung people of either sex from the age a supernatlrlai entin. The lanrih
females.But, havins been involr,ed of three to their late 40s, usuall,v as had heard clackling sorrnci:
in numerous investigations,Green a result of mental trauma. arotrncl the hou,qe. noticecl that -o
objects seer.neclto be nroling z

arotrncl of their orr'r-rliccord and o

that electlical iter.nsofien stoppecl
-\\r r l N l .Iu-, r . : . . TI rl L.r .t( .l.l \l:t\. . : . . ( t l r i l t s o

seer"ned to be concentrated around

the cl-rild.

The bol"s father, TomJohnson,
haci recently been made rednndant
ar-rcihis wifeJulie had alreadv
commented on paranormal
sightings,most notablv zr'shostlr
monk, gliding dolur the sti'tirs'.
The-vrvere put in contact rvitl-r
Green inJune 1983, bv n'hich time
thev rvere frantic rvith u'orrr'. As he
set off for tl rei r homc i rt
Cravesend,Kent, Creen looked
over hi s nol es ol thei r exper iences.

He felt that the 'ghostly monk' was the US parapsychologistWilliam G.

odd sir-rcethere was no historical Roll, who found that in 92 casesof
link benveen their home and a 'person-centred poltergeists, four
monastic community. It seemed of the presumed epicentres were
likelv that fear of the inexplicable diagnosedepileptic'.
activity had made the wife imagine After studying Roll's research,
the phantom. Green also accepted that some
All the evidence - the strange poltergeist casesmay result from
sonnds, erratic functioning of temporal lobe epilepsy. In this
electricalitems, slight movement condition, people suffer blackouts
of small objects, a family under that can last anything from a
stress- led Green to believe that minute to half an hour. During
ghostswere not the problem. An these blackouts, some power of the
alternative explanation was the mind may be released that creates
phenomenon of recurrent RSPK. But, as Roll found, epilepsy
spontaneous psychokinesis was at the root of only a small
(RSPK), usually associatedwith percentage of cases.
one disturbed person in a family.
Once Green met theJohnsons, he M IN D P OW E R S
knew that the source of the trouble Creen's own research has found
another possible link with
t2 schizophrenia. One of the first
l a .len caseshe investigated in 1956
Poltergeists in my involved a 15-year-oldgirl in
o p i n i o n i n v o r i o b l y h o ve Battersea,south London.
their origin in stress, Shirley Hitching was able to
tr o u m o o n d me n to l manifest loud and vibrant raps
whenever called upon. She assured Shirley how it u''aspossible for an
d i s t u r b o n ce
Green and the tw-ojor-rmalistsn.ho invisible entin'to rvrite a letter, buy
a c c o m p a rri edhi m that rhe sotrnds a stamp from a post office and slip
R \" came from her 'poltr', Donald'. the envelope into a ietter box? She
'I was quite surprised rvhen, a repl i ed bl ankl y." l ' l l have to a sk
was not supernatural, but their few days after meeting with Shirley, Donald", but there was no reply on:.:
young son. I received a four page letter from thi s occasi on.Three speci alist
Green believed that the her 'polty' and later a Christmas psychol ogi sts l ater confi rmed t hat
poltergeist activity could have been card,' Green recalls.'I asked the l etter l rom D onal d w asi n lact
triggered by the child feeling
neglected and unloved, and the
family agreed that life had been
strained recently.On Creen's
advice,theJohnsons made an
effort to re-establish 'normal'
family relationships. Shortly after,
the poltergeist activity - and the
monk - vanished.
Green believes that this case
illustrated how the powers and
problems of the mind can often be
mistaken for supernatural activity.
This has also been supported by

) PeggyHodgesonducksto ovoid o
toy brick, thrown by on unseenforce.
Thiswos iusf one incidentomong
hundredsthot occurredcr rhe fcmily
home in Enfield,norfh London.
penned by a schizophretric,or at
least a victirn of severemental
One of the rnost infamous
poltergeist casesoccurred in a
council house in Enfield, reported
by Guy Lyon Plafair in his book
'I'hisHouseis Haunkd, rvhich he
researcheclwith Maurice Grosse.
For 14 months from the end of
Augr.rst1977, Mrs Peggv
Hodgeson's home \r'asplaguecl with
poltergeist actir,ity that centred
around her 1l-ycar-olddaushter,
Janet. Severe damage was cartsedto
household objects,and several
items of fi.rrniturc, including a sofa,
were thrown around the house.
Writing appeared on the walls,and
water materializedout of uolvhcre.

These Enfield phenomena, which
made newspaper headlines irround
the world, were ltitnessed by rnar-ry
people, inch-rdingthe police,
scientistsand several paranormal at a clifficult time in her life. secrete 'hormones that geuerate
investigators. Pla,vfair's cl'lvn theor-v on the creative cnererr \\'l-ren a cl-rilcl
After 14 months, the Enfield source of poltergeist energy suddenly acqtrires this neu' fbrce...
disturbances encleclas mysteriouslv concerns the pineal gland. Located there is a need for an outlct. If this
as they had begun. Inr,estigatorsstill 2rt the centre of the brain, the outlet is lacking. thc energl ir'ill be
cannot decide rvhether the house pineal slancl is responsible for a t a i l a b l e h r l n t e l r t t , l i t r q e r tti ti e s to
was the sceneof genuine poltereeist controlling thc release of sexual steal and put to their o\vn
activity or RSPK, getrerzrtcd hormones. Playfair's thcorl' states purposes.' He conrpares this
subconsciousl,vbv.fanet Hodgeson that durins pubertv this gl:rncl can e n e r g v t o a 'p s \ c l - r i c l b o t b a l l '-
'. \ 1 , 'r 1 qc o l l l c l \ \ l - )( ) r l h r e e sp i r i ts Or
elcnrcntals. and see the fcrotbzrll
lr'ing aloturd. Ancl they do what
allv group cif schoolboys'lvould do
I - thev so and kick it around,
smash ing rvindor,r,sand eenerally
creating havoc.'

There are still matry who continue
to believe Plavfair's spiritual notion
that poltergeist incidents are the
which clocked up on impossible
result of activity from some
number of colls when nobody wqs
using ir. Ofher phenomeno included intelligent entity or even a fbrrn of
o pic_turefhof moved by irself ond o e r i l i n t e r r t o r r d c s t r r t c t i o n or , m ( ) r e
175 kg cobinet neor Annemorie sensationalll','possession'. Bttt
which trrvice moved sponloneously Andren' (]reen is of the belief that
owoy from fhe woll. When she lefi poltergeist inciclents :rrise solelv
the office, which hod suffered fiom an unconscious mind artd
considerqble domoge, lhe that they reflect the creative and
phenomeno suddenly ceqsed. dramatizing powers people can call





.( Some believe thot poltergeist

phenomeno - such os the lighrs thor
swung by lhemselves in the
Rosenheim cose - hove their origin in
fhe broin's pineol glond (inser).

table for television carneras.

This was thought to be rhe first
case ofinduced RSPK- a
landmark in paranormal research
- y et . ir on i c a l l r . t h e e x p e r i m c r r l
could not be substantiated. The
upon to handle repressed researchers couid not conclusivelv
emotions and emotional conflicts. prove that ther,had evoked RSPK-
A fascinating series of therebv disproi'ing the theory of
e xp er im ent sc ar r ied o u t i n poltergeists as'marauding entities' Assurance paid out f400 against an
Toronto, Canada. in 1972 - or if they had, in fact, been f800 claim lor damage suffered to
attempted to prove the human duped by a poltergeist. furniture and household items in,a
origins of RSPK. Eight members of
TI Other scientific attempts to
Il .1t'-
explain the cause of RSPK have to examine the evidence of
Psychokinesis is o also failed. Tests on.|anet poltergeist phenomena causing the.l
phenomenq of vqsl Hodgeson, the girl at the centre of damage.A fter onl y a forrni gh r , r he
controdictions. lf seems the Enfield case,and Matthew assessorshad seen enough to
fo be q mentql qnd Manning, the psychic celebrity accept the claim as genuine and
physicol force ol one from the early 1970srvho is now a recommend that 50 per cent of
renown€d healer, found that they i t be pai d.
o n d t h e s q me ti me
possessedextraordinary porversof \A rhi l eC ommerci al U ni on m ay
ScottRogo,Journalof the
Societyfor PsychicolReseorch ESP and precognition, but failed be happy w i th the noti on of
to explain why this was so. supernatural enti ti es.concl u sive
ftu Even Uri Gelleq who is willing proof of poltergeist phenomena :
,, to demonstrate his abilities under sti l l el udesparanormal
the Canadian Society for Psychical any conditions, leavesexperts at a investigators.Evidence suggests
Research created, by mental loss to explain what or where his that exceptional powers do exist,
energ)', a totally fictional character powers come from. Yet while yet no one seemsable to confirm ,.
from the 17th century, whom they controversy rages between the these forces as proof of life beyond,:
named Philip. After months of mediums, sceptics,scientistsand the grave or of the equally fantastic':
weekly seances,'Philip' began to paranormal investigators, there are abi l i ti esof the subconsci ousm ind.
communicate through raps and organizations that imiilicitly accept For researcherslike Andrew Green
movement of a table. At one point the reality of supernatr.rralactivity. and Guy Plafair. lhe search *==o
'he' was even able to levitate a In 1944. Commercial Union tor certai nryi s orr-goi ng. ffi
j:L+- *F{* '\

f= #* "|}*


rr 9 September 1967, in Alamosa constmcted in the early 1960s, there was A The muiiloied
Countl', Colorado, a,voung colt callecl still no surgical laser technology capable of remoins of o <ow found
Lady r,vasfcrund dead and stripped of causirrgsuch rvoundsin 1967. in Coforodo in 1977 ore
Ww flesh from the neck uprvards. Another m,vstery lvas the absence of very similor to those of
Conducting the patholog examination, Dr tracks - vehiculaq human or animal - anll the colt, Lody (inset), the

.|ohn Altshuler, was astonished to find that where near the carcass. In fact, the onlv first internotionolly
the animal's brair-r,spine and organs in the prints found were the colt's hoofprints, and reported cose of onimol
chest area, including the heart, had been these encled about 30 metres fiom its bodr'. mutilotion. Sincethe
removed with incredible precision. \,!'hat l97Os, cottlemen's
baffled him most was that the animal had S P A TE OF MU TILA TION S ossociotions in the US
been completely drained of blood rvithout The 'Lad,v' incident heralded the begin- hove offered substontiol
so much as a stain on or around its bodr''. ni ng of a spate of ani mal muti l ati ons rewords for
\{rhen Dr Altshuler later examined tissue in Colorado and, later that I'ear, in informolion, bul the
sa m ples under a m i c ro s c o p e , h e w a s Pennsylvania. These were fcrllorved bl, a couse of lhe mulilotions
shocked to discover that 'there r,vasa dark- lvave of mutilatior-rsin the Midrvestern states remoins q mystery.
ened colour as if the flesh had been opened of Alabama, Ior'vaand Texas, a further out-
and cauterized Iburned apart by high heat] break in Colorado in the early 1980s and
with a surgical cauterizing blacle... almost in the Deep South in the early
as if it had been done rvith a modern- 1990s. In betw een, i sol ated cases have
d uy las er . ' A lt ho u g h l a s e rs h a d b e e rt occurred - and continue to do so - u,ith
rectums and genitalia are frequently
removed, along rvith the flesh {iom the jarv.
r Oval or circular bloodlessincisions- often
= only hide deep - are found on the car-
casses,manv of rvhich are completely
1-=5- clrained of blood. These incisions are
madc l ,r' i thsurgi calpreci si on.
More recent microscopic tissue analysis
has shown that some of the cuts point to the
use of'a scalpel,u,hile others appear to have
been made rvithout a knife, either by some-
hol.' crttting betlveen the cells, or by 'cook-
ing' the flesh rvith a laserlike heat source,
but u,ithout lear,ingthe carbon traces nor-
mallv left bv lasers.

From the verv beginnir-rg,this phenomenon
has baffled inr,estigators irnd pathoiogists
alike. Many experienced ranchers and sher-
iffs r,vho have been handling cattle mutila-
tions for decaclesare convinced that these
particular casesconld not possibll,be the
o rvork of indigenor,rspredators, such as coy-
otes,'lvolvesor mountain lions.
In some of the casesin Alabama investi-
gated b,v UFO researcher and documen-

tarr'-maker Lindir Motrlton Hou'e in 1993,
€ the mr.rtiiateclanirnals' capillarv veins had
been drainecl of blooci, n'hich rvould not
.== d- have occurrecl hacl the l i r-estock been
..:: o
& irttackeclbl pleclatols. Besides,rr'hatpreda-
= :::-=: -o
€=g' o tol cotrld be capable of sr,rrsicallvboring
s:= = -
orrt thc gerri tal i aof a cow l '
As successive investigations failed to

similar reports coming from Cl:rnzrciii.

Cer-rtral and South Americzr, Australia and
parts of Europe, irrch,tdins Britain.
The vast majoritv of these cases have fbl-
lon'ed a rernarkablv similar pattern:
r N'Iost rnutilations involr,e cattle, nlthougl-r
horses, shcep, goats, e\retl clomestic pets,
hart' o ccasion alll heer r r ic t ir ns .
o There are no traccs of a struggle. Even in qn.
snou-coverecl eronncl, there are no tracks on the.
or fbotprints rlear the carcass. It appears as
if the animals are somehor.v lifted o{1'thc ;.book,A*
groruld irr-rdlater clumped from the air. *ollorred',
. The internal organs, eyes, ears, tollgues, GIimpses,
establish anv natural causes, other theories
were put forn'ard. One of these n'as that
sataric cults r.vereabducting tire animals fbr
ritual ceremonies, although nobody coulcl
explain what kind of devil lvcirship in"'olved
the use of' fleets of helicopters ancl bulky
medical lasers. In any case, exhaustiver
undercover opcrations by US and Canadian f
state authorities have failecl to reveal any 7
trace of a link betr,veen occult activity ancl
these mutilations. €
Another theor,v rvas fuellcd b-v reports of
mysterious, low-flying black helicopters -
clfter-rsilent and bearinq none of'the identi-
fication numbers required b,v US f'ederal
€,# A Nolurql predofors, to public presslrrc, the FBI investigated the
r y r y 'ttG such os beqrs, leove phenomenon in 1979. Its findings, delir.
messy wounds when ered in a 297-page report, \vere published a
T h o t d o cu menfory you did
q bo u t cottle mutilqtions upset eoting their kills. year latel ancl sided r'vith those lvho believed
Some reseorchers the mutilations \\'ere tl're work of :rnimal
s o m e pe o p le in W oshingfon.
cloim lhol csrcosses predators. Anotl-rer arsumentr supported by'
T h e y d o n 't wqnl mufilofions with cleon ond ofTicial go\rer1ll-nellt ar.rtopsies, was that the
o n d U FOs connecfed togefher precise wounds qre Iack of blood rvas cc'rnsistent rvith thc lcr-rgth
SpeciolAgentRichordDoty,USAI to LindoHowe proof of olien of time the deacl animirls had been left
ffi n \ F F involvemenl. undisturbecl :rucl that the czruse of death
c o r r l d h c l i r r L t 'd t o p : r l a s i t e s .
regulations - appearing in the area either V The pothology These cxpl:rnations outraged ranchcrs
immediately before or after the cliscoverv of' report on o mufiloted and state inr,estigator-s,rvho complained of
a mutilated carcass. On a number of occa- Hereford sreer (righr) a whiter'l'ash. Dissatisfied n,ith the response
sions, the helicoptcrs \\''ere seen to be spra1. stotes thof the lesions
ing the area where mutilated animals were in the hide were riP

later found, girring rise to specr-riaticin that 'consistent wilh o : ,d*

livestock was beins used - presumablv bv heot-induced iniury'.

government agencies - {or testins biologi- A cl ose-up of the
cal and chemical wcapons. tissue (inset righr)
The rnyster,v nas furthcr cornplicated b1' shows lhe notched
reports from civilians nho photographecl edge, 'consistent with
these helicopters, alleeins that thel' had o specimen collected
been threatened bv men rvearing black uni- vio electrosurgicol
forms without insisnias. exci si on'
$ sb a !: 091-08123
Acce ssi o n
o F F l cr Ar
EXPLA NA T I O NS "T*It',1"',,ffi'il:H'"fi{,03,
i;l"trii"i'i"r"" * r**r*, ExsrNArroNs
Over the years, the US mili-
tary ancl government agen- ili';;it' ffiUF";l-;r*--
,,r,.^?-, ,-_rN __
cies have repeatedlv clcniecl !:;' -'
r"r .i.*ifl'r'dro
any itn,olr,ement in these
i:,"*l:i:*!--;,.:':*@ o!'! lUl Pno"'
strange incidents. In fact, the c o @ u n i . . r! 6 n s :

S on 2/!3/9r
Di, L.. bv
Federal A,iation Authorin, s$oitted
b,r NDt LEi Dvs

has gone so far as to den,v the

verl' existence of these ""'".:;:,::::,:::'":;il.",.'r",:rir*:l*:i'"jr":'".jr$
ffiffi f...'j""i::iriil*ii*i'ir:i**ill*"'--'":q*
li::'::""i;:i""" ""'""""
::ki:i: :t"':':;
strange helicopters.
-\s fal as thc mrr t , lat ir r ls ale
ilii::.:: o! th' 6lh
n e r r ""- by
o . g u" '-'-l A
cc o'gur '- t^'
te sl o n va s csu t.d
" c ro ! ! t
concerned, the official explar- ) rIAGN
D a c NOoStS:
sts: ,,- i ihl!

..**.,,. "'"','""^""'l:i"i"
nation has alrvavs been the
same - natllral caLlses. Bou'ing

co?Y i4
RiloBt o! srosloRY
1l'om the L.rSgor,ernrncnt, dcsperate ranch-
els fbrnrecl privatc vigilante eroups :rncl
took to filin g at a n1 ' lou. f lf inu hc lic opt c r s
cr-ossirrgtheir fi elcls.


the FBI has bccn leluctant to

bccorne openlr, irrr,cilr.ccl, UFO author
Tinrothv Clociclobtainecl a secret 1976 FRI
r-ep()rt b1' Of{icer' (i:rbriel \':rldez of thc Nelv
\Ierico StzrtePolice. ,{fter inspectins a rnrrti-
latcd cou', the ofhcer discoverecl pocl marks
clepresseclinto the ear-th,forrniug a trianeie.
Each irrclerrtation had a cliarneter of 40 crr.r
ancl stronglv snggested that a 'suspcctcd air-
craft' hacl landecl, ibllcxtccl the cour ancl
l:rnded agLrin \\,hcrc the corv rr'as killed. An
oilr, r'ellon' srrbstance rvas lbund uncler the
small tripocls, tire grass aroullcl them rvas
scorched ancl rircliirtion levels r'r,erefilrnd to

be much higher than nolmal.

To some ranchers and local investieators,
! this u'as conlirmation of u,hat ther.had long
Fi suspcctecl - that, as Lou (iirodo, chief inves-
tigator of niLrtilatiorrs for- thc D i str i ct
Attornev's office irr Tr-iniclacl.Color-aclo,put
it, 'l,e \r'ere clenlirrg u'ith cr-eaturesnot frorn
: -$ " w
nt t l i i s p l a n e t '.
h .;r:,+*.ff
.= .-5;-: i L a c l r 's c l c u t l 'r .i n S e p t e r n b e r 1 9 6 7 , h a d co i n -
;=*+l*nl cidecl rvith u minor rash o1' UFO sishtines
:rncl rcpolts of stlange lights in the San
I.ouis \hller' - the au-ca u,here the colt's
lrutilate(l cArcass \{as founcl. Each
strbsequcnt u'ave of rnrrtilations las also
accorlpaniecl bv ir li-esfr otrtbreak of UFO
sightings in tire affectecl area. This led sorne
UFOlosists to specul:rte that there u'as a
conlicction behveen the helicopter :r n d
UFO sightinss - perhrlps the UFOs could
'clisguise' thernserlvesas helicopters?
Another cnlior-rs Ieirtrrre - i,rlthough this
mav not be conDectecl u,ith UFOs - r,vasthe
;o presence of' flucircsccnt paint - r'isible only
uncler ultrirviolet light - on the hides of
" . *r ; o
!€i::; some of the animirl victims for.urcl near
[,f !

= Dulce, Nerv \'Icxico. In another case, a

puttylike substancewas found in a mutilated
cow's ribcage. Analysis showed the substance
to have a composition similar to paint - but
researchers are still baffled as to how it got
into the ribcage.
In her 1989 documentary, Alien Life Forms,
Linda Moulton Howe interviewed members
of farming communities who claimed to
have witnessed alien beings engaged in the
abduction of animals. Perhaps the most
remarkable account came from Ron and
Paula Watson from Mount Vernon, Missouri.
InJuly 1993,while standing on their porch,
th e W at s onsc laime d to n o ti c e s o me s tra n g e
goings-on at the far end of their pasture.

Looking through bir-roculars,they first saw a
cow lying on its side, seemingly paralvsed.
Standing over the animal were two
small, silver-suited beings with large white
heads. The beings raised their arms above
the cow's body and appeared to 'lift' it. As
they moved, the cow 'floated' a few metres
off the ground. The beingsthen'steered'the
carcassup a ramp into a cone-shaped space- Howe claims she has receiled informa-
craft. The craft appeared to have a mirror- tion from 'confidential sources', inciudir-rg
like surface that reflected the surrounding V Reseorcher Lindo people in the military and intelliger-rce com-
foliage, making it almost invisible. It then Moulton Howe hos munities, that 'one of these Grev gror-rpshas
took off and vanished into the sky. omossed hundreds of some kind of survival problem, and at least
If it turns out that aliens are involved in newspoper cuttings one of the reasonsfor animal mutilations is
mutilations, the question is - why are they covering onimol to gather enough fluid, I guess from
doing it? Many UFO researchersbelieve that mutilotions from oll haemoglobin and the plasrna. to make
these mutilations are linked to human abduc- over lhe world. By oll some kind of essentialbio-chenricalingre-
tions and are carried out by the same alien occounts, lhe dient that these creaturesneed.'
species- the small beings with clawlike hands mutilofions ore so She admits, however, that it appears
and large, far apart evesknown as 'Gre,vs'. similor thot it strongly implausible that a technologicalivadvanced
suggesls o definite, species,capable of travelling light years to
quonrifioble visit Earth, should need olrr lir-estockto
phenomenon. solveits biological problems.
CcilileJlrlutufqr The fact is that nearlr' 30 r'earsafter these
mysterious mutilations started occurring,
Sh",rJi:l :"* Number85
Leqyes we are no nearer to discovering the truth
behind them. All that is certain is that the
mutilations conform to a pattern, which
rvould seem to sllggest a purpose. But what

tlt.d b*
that prlrpose may be, is still a matter of
gnessrr.ork.As is often the case in UFOlogl:
rDlSit,,' -9 the mysterv remai ns not onl v
Mof * rrnsolved,but grows stranger
rrrfd .P
by the day.
,l |,lc
llff. .a



'tlrc men
In the next issueflFO FILE inues!,igates

'-*-r"r rE*i 6rhs-Brud'r".'tr'
9t Ih. UFo.-. h ilF
F -
f in blach', the sltad\ fgurn uho harass U;O
i#fg *-d5;Sfy"f 1"Mn.

our-\'ear-oldAshan ti DeSilva manufhcture T cells, a tl'pe of

faced potcntial danger everr rr' h i teh l o od t el i vi tal i rr prorecti rrq
tirne she came into contact the bod;' againstr,irusesand other
€ffi r'vith other people. She invaders.But recent medical
suffered from a rare disorder breakthrorighsare currently
knorvn as severecombined restoring hope to sufferersaround
irnmunodeficiency (SCIID),rr,hich the world. Docfors con ossess o foetus for genetic
left her body r,irtuallv defenceless obnormolities, using o ronge of
againstinfection. With her M ED IC A T R E V OTU TION
techniques.The feor is thot geneticists
immune svstemknocked out of O n 4 Sep t e r l b e r 1 9 9 0 , A s h a n t i (inset)will soon hqve the obility to
action, Ashanti's life rvas became the first person to benefit geneticolly engineer the foetus.
threatened even bv mild diseases, from a revolntionarv nerv
such as the common cold or technique knou'n as gene therapy. far-rlt1'gene into these cells and
ch i ck en pox . Carried or-rtb1'a team frorn the then returning the modified
SCIIDoccurs in about one out of National Institlrte of Health itr the h l o o d t o h e r c i r c r r l a t i o r r . I t r va s a
er,erv100,000live births worlcln'ide US, the treatment inr,olved r e m a r k a b l e s r r c c c s s .A f r e r f o r r r
and is causedbv a genetic defect. rcmor,ing the rvhite blood cells s t r c h i r r f r r s i o r r si r r a s m a n v m ol l th s.
A single far"rltvgene means that frorn the voung giri's bodv, Ashanti's healrh improved
people rvith SCID cannot put t ing no r m a l c o p i e s o f t h e clramaticallv. Nolr'ali she needs is

.:. .1 ,: '
:a .t11..*aa


Another mcthod being studiecl

involves targeting the fault-vcells -
such as cancer cells - ancl aclclitrg
genes to them rvhich speecluP the
bodies natural immunc system.A
variation on this colrcept, n'l-rich
has alread,vprovecl successftrlirt
ani mal s.i s l o i rtsetl gcnes i t t lt r
cancer cells that reuder tiretn open
to attack by particular drr.tss.


In addirion to the benefits to be

gained frorn gene therap],, there
are also rvider concerns aboltt the
possible uses to r,vhichgenetlc
engineering could be adaptecl.
One o[ the more si ni ster'
knoln'nas eugenics.Itr the 1930s
and 1940s,Hitler endeavoru'eclto
an occasionalbooster injection to Most of the work being done at creal ea supel race h1 ' ptrri fr ilr u'
keep her immune system in full present involves ex uiuo (or"rtsidethe the gene pool. This iuvoh'ed
workinp; order. Instead of beirrg body) treatmetrt, such as that given encouraging 'perfect' couples to
permanently ill and quarantined, to Ashzrnti.So far, this therapy has
Ashanti can lead an otherurise concentrated mainly on bloocl
normal and healthy life. cells, but the trouble is that
M or c t han 3. 00 0a i l m e n ts . individual cells tend to live for only
i n cl uding S CI D. c ys ri cfi h ro s i sa rrd a fe rvmonths. C onseqtrerrtl y. the
h a e m ophilia.hav e b e e n tra c e d tc r l l ssl orvl ydi sappear.and
tre a te c cel
the whole infusion process has to
be repeated on a regular basis.
{€ ."
R i g h t t h i n ki n g IT \AMOR TA L C E ttS
pe o p l e s h o u l d ch e ck th e Gene therapists are norv trying to
procreqfion of bose ond provide permanent solutions for
s e r v i l e f y p e s ... o l l th o t i s their patients by targeting the stem

u g l y o n d b e sti o l i n rh e cells - the immature cells from

which matlrre cells cievelop. Stern
s o u l s o n d b o d i e s o f me n
c ells app e a r t o b e i m m o l t a l a n d
H.G. Wells, Anticipotions
r v ill div id e o v e r a n d , r t e t agAirr
'lll,'1,, ?T
tl' ,,..d e fec t son s ingleg e n e s .M a n y o th e r
without growing old. Il a scne is
placed into a collection of stem
cells, it will stay in place ancl be
se riousc ondit ionsa re k n o w n to h e replicated for as long as that
co n r r ec t edr , r ' it hon e o r mo re g e n e s patient lives. However, there are
i n v olv edin t lr e bo d y ' sd e l e rrc e sIf. very fer'v stem cells, and thev are
sci enc ec an nnnip u l a te th e s el a u l q often difficult to identifv, so
g e n es ,t her e is t he p ro mi s e o f a n s c ienc e h a s a l o n g \ v a ) l o g o b e l o r e
a stonis hingm edic a lb re a k th ro rrg h per m ane n t l y s o l v i n g t h i s p r o h l e m .
- a polent ial c ur e l o r e v e rl th i n g
from AIDS to ageing. ) The Hiller Youth wos the Nozi oltempt
Belore ger)e therapy can develop ot o super-roce. Women selected on their
into the ht-rped-lorpanacea, physicol looks would be impregnoted by
h o r r erer . er r or m o u s l yc o mp l F x soldiers. Those lh-ughl to be geneticolly
problems have to be overcome. inferior were eilher sterilized or killed.
produce'perf'ect' chilclrcn, rvhilc:
exterminating all r:rcial ancl social
sroups considcred to be sencticallv
' contaminerted'. Tcrdar,',sorne
opponents ol' genetic engitreering
f'ear that recerrt brezrkthroushs irl
this field could tempt opprcssir,e
t'esimes irrto creating a social
' over cla ss'.
Onc of the lessons of Hitlcr's
crude experirnentation is that
selective breecling cloes not rvork.
It zrppears impossible to cleterrnirrc
rvhich qualities lvill be passed clcir,r,n
to a chilcl, even if botl-r parents
har,e remark:rble phvsical or
mental :rttributes. Furthermore,
althoueh some aspects of
personalitv are geneticalh'
determincd, many are the reslrlt
of social conclitioning - and some
cven der,elop by chancc.
A more realistic ctollcern is that
gcne technologv couicl bc usecl to

discrinrinirtc against people knorvn A The science of 'tissue engineering, f
to har,e lifc-threzrteuing clisorclers. relies on genet;c lompering - os in the .
Throrigh geltetic scleeniug, it has cose of this mouse, which hos been ,o

become possible to tcst fbr over' 50 genericolly ohered so fhot it does not
genetic abuonnalities - cven ul reiect the loborotory-grown eor.
foetrrses. Ancl lr'hilc screcning has
obvious bcnefits. clitics iu'e rvor-r-ied
thirt insurance cor-npzlltlesor
emplor,ers rnisht be prcjrrcliccd bv
clertailsof an individual rvhose
genetic re cord rer,eals that ii
s er ior r s c o r r d i l i o r r r r i l l l r p p t . a r i r r 1:i
iatcr life.

hr thc US, the FBI and thc
Department of Defence keep
extensive genetic retcorcis,as docs
the Nleclical htfbr-ruation Bureari
I in \\iest'n ocid, N.{ass:rcl-rusetts,
reportecllr' holcls itrlirrrnation on
betl,een 10 ancl 20 million US
t iliz er r s . A s a l e s u l l o l l l r e s s r r r c
frorn lobbv sroups, the US
govcr'nment has passcd lecislation
aimecl urtpleventing
discrimin:rtion based orr an
incliviclual's genes.
But, gir,en the easc tvith rvtrich
confidential personal cl:ita can be
from anwvherb in the
re international controls
rded if such legislation rs
long term fear is that
inology will give rise to
who can afford the
t may decide to improve
offspring's chancesin life by
them genetically' altered'

idea of 'designer children'
sound perilously close to
fiction. but geneticists
ready begun to isolate
; th at, the v b eliev e. under pin
of hum an d i s p o s i ti o n s .
inc lude hom o s e x u a l i ty , cause altered genes to enter the combination. Simply knowing the
olis m . depr e s s i v ete n d e n c i e s gene line and be passedon to D N A sequenceof a gene i s not
subsequent generations. enough to explain how these genes
'arTrore fundamental level,
ce, physical dexterity, Many geneticists accept that interact. In principle, it maY be
and speed. legislation and careful monitoring perfectly possible to manipulate a
people wit h s tro n g re l i g i o u s a re n e c essaryi f they are l o w i n foetus' genes, but without
a n d et hic al belief s ,ta m p e ri n g w i th over public support for their work. understanding how the genes
th e hum an genome (th e c o mp l e te But they also believe that the
e n et ic o l a n i n c l i v i d u a)l e th i c a l probl ems i nherent i n gene ({ re
- uk " . - r p
bidden territory. The issue technology have been overstated.
rdised such a storm that it is They argue that some of the claims Creqfed in God's imoge,
illegal in Britain and the made by opponents exaggerate the humon beings ore more
researchersto attempt any e x l e n t to w hi ch human trai tsare thqn the sum of their
r f gene t her a p y th a t m a y controlled by single genes. genes. Humqn dignitY
should not be reduced to
technique U N F OU N D E D FE A R S genetic mechqnisms
r iniecring cells with DNA or In fact, most characteristics,such TheCentrefor ChristionBioethics
I genetic moteriol. Using fhis as height, intelligence or skin
,cells offected by rhe foulty colour are affected by many DI
gene con be torgeted individuolly. d i ffe re nt genesacti ng i n ,,
interact with all the other
combination of genes, the babr'
could be born mentallv retarded
or susceptible to heart faihire.
What seemscertain is that, at
some stage in the 21st century,
doctors will have the ability to
manipulate the genes of unborn
human beings. It may not result in
the race of super-beingsenvisaged
by Hitlea but it could lead to
people being stronger, healthier,
and perhaps more intelligent than
we are. The question is: when we
have the technology, will we have

6renger Sauniere, an impoverishecl All through his lears of high'
priest at Rennesle-Chiteau in south spending, Saunidre had one
western France, \{as restoring the vil- trusted compani on - hi s house-
ffi lage's modest chnrch when he l c eeper. Mari e D enarnaud.
.found a number of parchments hidden *'
Sauni6re signed over everything he owned A In the riny villoge
b e n e a t h t he alt ar s t o n e , T \v o o f th e d o c u - to Marie, and later died iust as he had of Rennes-le-Chdteou, E

ments were written using complex ciphers begun - penniless. tike his llfe, Saunidre's between 1896 ond
and codes, and Saunidre journeyed to death was a mystery. Shortly before he 1917, the priest
Raris to have them decoded by clerical died, Sauniere was visited by a stranger, B6renger Souni6re
scholars. The translation of the parch- a n d i t has been di scoveredthat. j ust one (inset) spenf rhe- o:
ments appearbd to make 4itde sense; but week before his sudden and fatal stroke, modern-doy
whatever it said qade an impact on Mari e had pl aced an order for hi s coffi n. equivolent of \,,,, rcl

Saunidre - overnight; the 33-year-old.priest 23 million froncs

suddenly became immensely iich. SH A R IN G TH E S E C R E T? (f3 million) - despite
Fo r 32 y ear s ,unri l h i s d e a rh i n 1 9 1 7 . Before he died, however, Saunidre almost on onnuol solory of
Saunidre spent lavishly. He restored and .certainlyshared the secretof his wealth with iusr 9OOfroncs. For
re d e c or ar edhis anc ie n r c h u rc h o f S t Ma ry Marie. In old age, she was befriended by o cenlurt lreqsure
Ma g d alene.built him s e l f a l u x u ri o u s v i l l a . N o Fl C orbu. w ho had purchasedS arrni i re' s hunlers hove sought
rep-lete with orangeries and ornamental former eshte lrom her. ln return, Marie the source of this
garclens, and entertain€d exrravaganrly. He had promised that when she knew heiself to grecf weohh - os yet
is even aileged to have"had an affair with be dying she would give Corbu 'a secrerthal with no success.
th e Fr enc h oper a diva E m m a C a l v 6 . would make him rich and powerful...'
Shortly befbre Marie die'd in 1953, she
h a d a s t r ok e whic h ro b b e d h e r o l s p e e c h
ancl paralysed both her hands. As she lay
dying, Mgrie tried to honottr her promise
to C or br r by r ev ea l i rrgth e s e c re l .Sh e m rrt-
tered something, but Corbu maintained
th a t hc c ould r r o t u rrd c rs ta rtdi t. C o rb u .
himself, later died in a car crash. If he had
sleaned Saunidre's secret from Marie, it
d i cd wit h him ir r t h c w re c k a g e .

The original parchments folnd by
Saunidre were never seen again. fhen, in
th e lat e 1960s .a g ro u p c a l l i rrg i ts e l f th e
Prior,v of Sion claimed to have them in its
possession.The mysterious group, boast-
i n g a his t or v s pan l ri n e h u rrd re d so l re a rs .
publishecl tr'voof the parchments, and the
sto r y c aught t he p u b l i c ' s i ma g i n a ti o n .
M ar r v r es ear c h e rss ti l l d o u b t th e p a rc h -
ments ever existed. Had builders not wit-
nessed Sauniire finding the documents in
1887, the story coulcl have been written off
as a great hoa,x.But there is still one unde-
niable fact: B6renger Sar,rnidrespent an
extravagarlt amount of money. The ques-
tion is - where did he get'it?. There are
many far-fetched possibilities,.but there are
also a number of theorie s that stand ul* to
seflous scmtrny. i
Probably the best known of thes'bis the
'sacred bloodlin'e' theory. Originally pro-
posed l1y the BBC documentary film
makei Henr1,,.'Lincolir - and later devel-
oped in hib best-sellingbook T'heHoly Btaorl

a,ncl the Hoh C'rail (1982), co-authored
br hi stori ans Mi chael B ai ge nl at t d
Richard Leigh - the theorv is based on the
assumpl i on that Jesusdi d rrot di e or r t he,
cross,but was administered a clrug shortly
after he had been crucified that rnade it
appear as i f he hacl di ecl .

qnd !
Jesusr,vasthen taken down fiom the croSs.
by his followers and remor,ed to a safe
treosure hunlj pl ace. w here he made a ftrl l r ccur er l.
The Holy (Another version has someone else -
Its Mysteries o
o S i mon of C 1rerre i s a p.pul ar car r didat e-
Another qreq ofl taki ng the pl ace ot .fesus on the cr oss. )
Fonthorpes is the Accordirrg to this theor)', Jesus married
shoft in Nova Scolis o
and fathere d a family with Marv
mysterious Rennes lr Magdalene and left Palestine fbr the rela-
be - is moit likely ro, =
tive safety of south-u'estFrance. Here, his
d e s c e n d a n tsw e re a l l e g e d to have marri ed
into the Merovingian dynasty, France's
m l s te ri o u sro y a l fa mi l y crecl i tedw i rh magi -
cal powers. \Arhen.fesr-rs clied, in Ao74, he
rvassecretly buried in the south of France,
a n d h i s rc ma i n s w e re e verrtl l al l yhi dden i n
th e R e n n e sa re a .
Expanding on the material irt The Ho$
Bl o o rl trn d th c H o l y Onti l . hi srori cal
reseircher Richard A-r.lrer"s and civil ene!
n e e r P a u l S c h e l l e l tb e r gerdi d rhei r ow l r
d e c ry p ti o rr o f th e p a rchments publ i shed
bt th e P ri o n o f S i on and, br
analysing the""geometrv of a number of

ffi# lt
lf the Rennes theory is
o hoox, fhe hoqxer musf
q b e o tw i sfe d g e nius ond his
€o d6gree of eccentricify musf be
motched by his weglth
=o L io n e lF o r th o r p e . Re n nesR eseorcher
E '"ffiffi.
p a i rrti n g smenti oned i n rhe
manuscipts, located the
exact l'hereabouts of what
th e r 4 rc \l rre are the remai rrs attitudes torvards Saunidre - of two
of Jesrrs.h'r their bqok, The B i shopsol C arcassorrne. The l i rst o f t hese
Tbmbof Gorl(1996), Andrews rvasl he ami abl e B i shop B i l l ard. rl ho had a
a n cl 5 clr e llentl erger name l ai ss,' z-[uiapproach
te to the srrang e hap-
t he f inal br r r i a l p l a c e o f J e s r r s penings at Rennes and was tolerant of
as the uest side of Mount S auni ere.' B i shop B i l l ard. horvev cr . was
Car dot r , no t f i r t o t h e s o u l h - rrpl aced i n 1902 hy the brrrea ucr ar ic
east of Rennes. B i shop B easej our.w ho demanded to know
l( Ber er r g e r ' S a r r n j i r e d i d the source of the money. S auni i re st ood
indeed disc o v e r the exis- up to the Bishop - unusual fbr a humble
t er r c e o{ J es u s 't r e r n a i n s . l h e ri l l age pri est - arrd sai d w i th a mocking
"'"-,,,, -' . theory goes' he l'ould have smile: 'I have wealthy penitents!'
A The fortified Mogdolo had a pbwerful bargaining cor-rnter with The probl em w i th thi s bl ackmai lr heor l.
Tower wos built to house ' rvhich to blackmail thb Chr.rrch into keep- how ever, i s that S aurri i re rvoul d har e
Squnidre's librory, bur ing him silent. But, while the lvleroviusian needed a lot of penitents with a great deal
rivhot else did irs sreel . kir*g, Dagobert II, is mentionecl in one of of money to spend as mrrch he di d. lr is
door ond bottlemenfs . the coded parchments, there is no other hi ghl y l i kel y rhar S aurri i re' sexpl ana r ionr o
conceol? All Souni6re evidenceconvincing enongh to persuade Bishop Beas6jour was meant to be read as
owned wos signed over fo the Church that the resurrection did not ' Mi nd yorrr ow n brrsi rress.'
his housemoid, Morie happen. Because of this, the theor), that
D6nornoud {inset). who Sauniere was blackmailing the Church H ID D E N TR E A S U R E
<loimed fo hove olso falls apart, ac he $'ould have had very little Anothei range of possible explanations
inherited the secret of to b a rg a i n w i th . for the riches at Rennes involves the dis-
greot weohh ond power. So rn e R e n n e re s e a rcherssuggesl l hal covery of a cache of hidden treasure.
..S a u n i d re ' sw e a l th c a m e from bl ackmai l i ng W hi l e manl researchersagrcc rni t h t he
wealthy parishioners.The evidencefor idea that the doclrments found by
this theory. rests on the characters - and S arrrri Fre
w ere cocl edtreasuremaps.lher e
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i s corrsi derabl edi sagreementon w h o hid
the treasure, or what the treasure was.
A strorrgcontendei for ori gi rralo wner s
of the treasurei s rhe C athars,apower f ul
religious sect that flourished Jih,.-p3d
ziround the Rennes area until the 13th cen:
rurl ' . The C athars. someti mes known as
Albigensians, were heretical Christians
who believed the material world was the
creati on of rhe D eri l .
l n the l l i th cenrury.persecuredand all
brrt w i ped out b) the C athol i c C hurch. r he
C athars made a l ast stand i n thei r m oun-
tai ntop fortressof Montseguri rr sout h- west
France. not far from R ennes. Shor t ly
before the Catholics overwhelmed them,
four i ntrepi d C athar mountair r eer s
escapedby hi ghr, carryi ng w i rh them whar
the records later described as 'the
treasuresof their taith, peruniaminf nitam'

Either Souni6r e found
buried freosure, or he
sfumbled on infor m otio n
fgr which he wos pqid
o for fune nof to disclos e

(literally translatedas,'unlimited money').
Did Saunidre cliscover.the secret hiding
place of that lost Cathar treasure? If so,
w hat w as l he treasure?
Dr Arthur Guirdham, a leading author-
ity'on Catharism, believed that the Carhar
treaslrre was a forrn of esoteric knorvledge,
and that the forrl nrorrrrrai rreershacl hid-
den books and documents somewhere in
the region of Rennes. If this was the case,
rvhat secretsdid their pageshold?

Could the Cathar's pecuniaminfnitamhaie.",
been the so-called philosopher's stone -
the knowledge of how to make gold? There
i s tantal i zi rrgevi dence thar S arrni i r e had
more than a passing interest in alchemy,
tl re l nedi evalforel urrrrer of chcmi str y.
Just i nsi de the doorrr' ayof S atr niFr e's
chtrrch standsa strange group of stalues.
placeclthere'by Saunidre during his restora-
tions. At the baseof the statuesis the clemon
A smoderrs, the strardi arr of l brbidden
treasure. Above his head is a dish of holy
water, and over the water are salamanders -
mythical creatures who lived in fire. Above
t he s ala nrn nd crs are lour angels - beir r gs of
air ol sp irit - making t he s igr r of { he c r os s .
E arth. wa ter. fire an d air ar e t he t r adit ior r al
elements of alchemical theory. Also, close
lo th e chu lch is th e c hat eau t hal gir es t hc
area its name - Chiteau d'Hautpoul, seat of
the Bla nche fort-Ha r r t poul dy nas r y . Par t ol'
the cha tea u is ca lled The Tor v er ol Alc hem y .
Could these all be hints that Sauni6re's
w ealth was lhe restr lt of alc hem v ?



?erhaps the most plausible theory for the

treasure at Rennes concerns the lost fleet
o f the l/ r night s Te m p l a rs . th e rv a tri o r
p ri es t sf or m c d in I I l 9 l o p ro te c t p i l g ri m s
heading to Jerusalem. Founded by the
Frenchmen Goclfroi "de St Omer and
Hugues de Paynes, the Templars were o
based in the palace of Baldwin II, King of oi
Jerusalem, and situateclnext to the pl-Aksa
mo s que. bet t er k n o w n a s S o l o mo n ' s A The..Templors, _, This could h4ve created euough delal to
Temple. (It is from the temple that the evon!.elicol knights . hide the treasure.'e?

sro u p t ook it s nam e .) ond. reformed soldiers H i s t o r i a n s a r s u e a b o u l t h c B l a r r cl r e fo l t-

The Templars srew in: strength and of forlune, ployed o -€,
TerITplar conncctiott. a t t d a b o t r t t l r e fi r r a .
wealth until they had'dealings with Philip lorge port in lhe riddle surrounding the Templars' clou'n-
l e B el. P hilip I V o f F ra n c e . P h i l i p y _ v a s Crusodes, €hristion fall. But there is sorne' circltnstantial e\,i-
deeply in debt to the Templars ancl, in ottempls lo reaover d c n c c t h a t p o i r r t s t u a t l e a \ t p a l t o f th e i r
1 3 07. er der ed his l ro o p s to a l ta c k c \e r) Jerusolem from lhe lost treasure being hiclclen iu, or close to,
o rre of t hc T em pla rs ' s l ro n g h o l d ss i mrrl ta - Muslems. For their Rennes. Even if cloubts abortt the
neouslv.,,Most fell to Philip's treachery. ellorts, fhe Templors Blanchefort-Ten.rplar connectiol] hold
However,..ther€ is some evidence that received knowledge true, 'there \rerc other Tenplzrrs within
Ch a t eau B lanc he fc rrt. th o u g h t to b e a ond money, some of reach of Rennes rr-hert Philip fV moved
Templar stronghold near Rennes, did not which could hove been " s t t h c n r . I t i s l i k e h ' t h a t n o t a l l th e

g o d o\ \ ' lr wit hout a l o rrg . s ru b b o rrr fi g h t. the treosure ot Rennes. treasure fe11into Philip's hands - some ma)'
have been concealecl below the church in
Rennes until Sauniere recovered it.
o D i r l t l i e T c r n p l a r s ( a r r ) t h e l r ea sr l l c - ,
z or part of rvl-rat hacl been concealed ad
Rennes - a\'vay frt-rnr Philip's clutches?
€ Did those Templars later couceal their
treaslrre in a safer and mole permalrerlt
s a n c t u a r \ '? T l r e r e i s e r i d e t t c e t h a t p o i r r ts
to the east coast of Cauada as the '"'.

next stop on the search fbr

the answer to the riddle
of Rennesle-ChAteau.

In the next zs.sze,NII\STERIOUS WORLD url.rlls

!,he Oah lsland Money Pit in. l{oaa Scotict ancl
ashs, coukl the' 'trensure' of Rennes be lying in
the tatryrinth beloutOak Ishnd?
ANDOccurr Socrnry Devrn

E s#
avid Farrant hit the headlines in the lg70s
@ @ ft'r imporrant for rne to explain sonrerhirlg at
when he was arrested for ,vampire hunting, in the besinninu. During ml irtlestigltticrns. I.r.e corne to
London's Highgate cemetery. Officially rcalize that there are three cliffer.ent catesor-iesof
ffi=ffi charged with ,interference', Farrant spenr rwo unexpl:rinccl phenonrena. The f,rrt cat.gory applies
years in prison, and emerged embittered with the press to the ntajoritr of paranot,rnal occLrrrences _ phantom
over their treatment of the case, and with the police figLrles. The seconcl care{ror\. involr,es poltergeist
for their treatrnent of him. Since then, he has battled actilitr.. rlhet-e objects r-note and so on. And the third
to have his side of the story heard, resulting in the categor\ - rr'hich I'rn verl,dubious about cliscussing _
publication of his book, Bqond the HigfugateVantpirc. inrohcs actrral entities rvhich seem to
Farrant's interest in the occult stems from his teens, kiucl of intelligence.
when his mother, a member of the Spiritualist Church,
exposed her son to the possibilities of the paranormal. Let's toke one qt q fime. How do you define
In 1967, after a trip around Europe, Farrant became a
'phontom figures,?
founding member of the British pwchic and Occult I don't like the word 'ghost'becauseit conjuresup in
Society (BPOS), and began to investigate claims of the somepeople'srnindsimagesin r,vhitesheetsancl
paranormal - including the Highgate vampire. clankingchains,but there are figures- or anirnals,or
In his home, just a mile from even objects-lvhose imagesare very real. Thev don't
the cemetery that caused hirn have intelligence, but are pictures from the past
such grief, the softly-spoken replayecl at certain times under certain conditions,
Farrant talks about the occult such as planetary alignment, lunar cyclesand, most
and the work of the BpOS. importantly of all, atmospheric conditions. Water
appearsto be important - these phenomena seem to
1 ln Beyond the Highgate take place under conditions where water is present.
Vampire,Fqrrontexploins how
he wqs mode o scopegoot for Con you give on exqmple of o cose where
slronge octivities ot the London woter wqs qn importont foctor?
cemetery, ond how it hos \4/eresearched a casewith a phantom black dog,
offected his life since. lvhich was seen on a number of occasionsin
Hereford. Two people were driving home one night would wake up in the night and hear the crash of
when they saw a huge black dog in the road. The shelvesand, on one occasion, she mentioned that her
driver slammed on the brakes, br.rtthe dog sister's son had been pushed down the stairs by some
disappeared, which is the case99 per cent of the time. force. I never told her this but I am sure that many of
We went to the spot and discovered that there was a those occurrences were being caused by herself. You
stream running alongside the road, right at the place find that it happens in some people more than others
where the black dog was seen. - I suppose it depends on how sensitir,ethey are.

Why do you lhink woter is importont? This tqkes us to your fhird colegory, entifies
This is probably one of the most important questions wirh inrelligence.Why ore you guorded
I'm trying to answer.There could be some energ"ynot obouf tolking qbout such coses?
yet understood by science. This energy could be We're going into a realm which is not fi-illr'
responsible for the materialization of many psychic understood. I've investigated caseswhere the acttial
images and could connect with the element of water entities are trying to communicate with a certain
and also the element of stone. person, and sometimes they can be malign. I clon't like
using the word evil, but they can have an effect on
Whor role does stone ploy? some people. And I have investigated too rlanv cases
Many of these things occur in old buildings made of where I haven't found a satisfactoryexplariation.
stone - such as old abbeys- and along ley lines, which
are often defined bv stone markers. It's as if the Gon you give on exomple?
stones are acting as a battery that, under certain One that comes to mind was a woman rvho \rrote to
conditions, can release psychic energy. me in 1992 about some kind of horrendous psvchic
activity she was suffering. She'd wake in the middle of
Whqr obout poltergeists,lhe secondcotegory? the night absolutely paralysed - she couldn t move a
A lot of occurrences are caused by subconsciouslevels muscle, couldn't scream - and she often felt a great
of the human mind. These often occur when people pressure on her chest. Sometimes it rendered l-rer
are asleep or are just going to sleep. \A4:renthe absolutely immobile for up to a minute. On one
conscious mind is at rest, strange activiry can be occasion, she actually looked up and saw the shape of
triggered off. I once investigated a casein Brighton a man hovering over her. It became so petrif ing that
of a lady experiencing classicpoltergeist activity - she refused to go to sleep. She was suicidal.
she'd go out at night and the gas would come on, she
How did you help her?
In the end, I sent her a protective talisman, u'hicl-rI
told her to wear around her neck at all times. and rre
did some protective work for her in the Socien. -\fter
about a year it stopped and to my knowledge it hasn't
happened since. That was one casewhere conring into
contact with psychic phenomena can be terrifiing.

Whqt's o 'protective tolismqn'?

I am not really allowed to go into that. It rvasjust a
talisman containing certain symbols of protection,
used to counteract or rather reverse pslchic energ'y.
Some people would argue that the onll meaning it
has is symbolic, rather like the Christian cross is used
to ward off vampires, but it does rvork ir-rsorne cases
and if it does it has fulfilled its purpose.

And whot kind of 'protective work' did rhe

Society cqrry ou€
At the initial staees,I asked the rvoman to send me an
object that was closely linked to herself - a necklace
or a ring - as this helps us to form a psychic link with
her. Once this was established, I was in a better
position to try and reverse the energy of whatever it
was that was attackins her.
How do you do rhis?
There are certain methods which I
can't really talk about. But the Society
get together to form a psychic chain
and direct the psychic energy towards
the person in question, a bit like an
exorcism. We very rarely do this
unless it's a very serious case,and I
did regard this as a very seriouscase.

Why con't you tolk obouf it?

There are certain things we're not
supposed to discussand, even if we
did, people wouldn't really
understand them. But there are
certain talismans, symbols and words
that contain power if they are utilized
in the right manner. It's nothing sensational,but 5o whot reqlly hoppened ot Highgore?
they're kept secret because some of them have been In the 1970s,the Societywas investigating claims of an
known for centuries and have been handed down. entiq, in the cemetery and we tried to make conract
One of the reasons for secrecyis
that if they became known, they'd
be abused. s€ Beliefdoesn'tcomeinto
with it. \Arhenwe were in the
cemetery, the police turned up,
and I was arrested and accused of
vampire hunting. Fortunately, I was
Like fhe ouiio boord? m) inaestigations- it's a acquitted, but eventsgot out of
Exactly. These things act as a dangerousthing. If you hand. The casecausedworldwide
psychic gareway,and if people just u nderstand somet lting, you publicity and attracted hordes of
open the gare without knowing don't needto belieu{ii it sightseersto the cemetery.
what they're doing... well, you get
all these casesof so-called
possessionand it's very real to the
n\ gg As a resuit, the vandalism and
damage in the cemeterv increased.
In 1974,things gor so bad that an
people who experience it. It's like dabbling rvith architect. returning to his car after visiting the
electricity - you've got to know r,vhatvou,re doing or cemeter\'.found a 15O-r'ear-old skeleton in the driver,s
you'll get a powerful shock. seat.The police decided I would make a good
scapegoarfor that aud raided my flat. They found
You_nomed your group fhe Brirish psychic photos to clo rvith fthe religion] Wicca, showing naked
ond Occuh Sociefy. How do you define the ladies and things like that, and claimed I confessed:
difference befween,psychic' qnd,occult,? 'Look,
,voudon't understand - I was taking the body
They are very closely linked - 'psi.chic' literaili. being for black magic. Putting it in the car was unintended
forces that are not understood, 'occult, meaning but someone came along and I had to make a quick
hidden, unknown. As far as the BpOS is concernecl. exit.' In court, I proved the evidence wasn,t true. I was
you are going to get people that don't ur.rderstandit acquitted of the main charge, but was found guilty on
and who think the occult is to do with black magic two other charges of damage to graves. In the end, I
and all that nonsense. Black magic implies black was sentenced to two years imprisonmbnt.
candles, nude women, midnight orgies but, to us,
magic is just a force in nature that can be tapped. If Whor become of the Highgote enrify?
those forces are used in a beneficialway, to help and I decided I was never going back to Highgate, so it,s
to heal, it's classedas white magic. But the force itself possible that the energ.yis still there. Ir's never been
is neither white nor black, it's neutral - it deoends on properly exorcized and you find that once psychic
the intentions of the person using it. energy becomes earthbound it tends to remain
earthbound until it can be diffused.
Do you get criticized for invesfigoting the
poronormol by using ,mogic,? Are you still invesfigoting similnr cqses?
I rarely get criticized. The one time I brought criticism Yes.There's much still ro be learned _ it's like finding
upon myself was in the caseof the Highgate vampire _ the tip of a huge iceberg. Most people aren,t even
and it's only becausethe story got out of hand. aware the iceberg exists.But at least I,ve stat
-"d .

n 28 Novernbcr 1953, a delusional

and depr e s s e d D r F ra n k O l s o n
threw hirnself out of the tcnth floor
Cottlieb and his boss, the Director. oi
Clentral Intelligence,Allen Dulles, i ni ti atecl
r( ( \ .r r -
a 20-1ear co\ er-ll p of t he ci rcrrrn:1.n
rewindow o{- his Neu, York hotel. rotrnding Olson's cleath.
Olson was a long-serving scientist for the
US A r m y ' s s ec reti v e C h e mi c a l C o rp s B R A IN W A S H IN G
Special Operations Division, whose prob- At stake\\,asthe (iIA's srrpcr secret ploject,
,lems began at a meeting ninc days earlier. MK-ULTRA. The pr-ojccthacl sr-cxvnout of
The meetins had been orchestrated by an earlier sccfet pfotrl'alnlnc. krtorvn as
Sidney Gottlieb, Head of the CIA's Bhiebird, thirt n'as offlcialh' formecl to
Technical Services Staff. Unknown to counter Soi'iet aclvancesin brainwashing.
those present at the meetine, Cl.ottliebhacl In realitl' the CIA hird other objectives.An
acquired a quantity of LSD and secretlv early aim \\'as to stucly methods 'through A Fronk Olson died in
wanted to test it. Spiking Olson's clrink which control o{' an indir,idual ma1' be 1953. His fomily loter
with the LSD, he passedthe bottle around attailled'. The emphasis of expcrimcnta- ottempied to sue lhe CIA
and sat back waiting fbr results. Olsor-r,an tion was 'narco-hypnosis',the blending of for'wrongful deoth',
r . : i . ; : : ..i' . i ' : I ..:.
outgoing personality who loved practical mind alterins drnss u'ith careful hvpnotic cloiming fhol Olson wos
.. a : t . : a,.:....4
jokes, soon began to suffcr jarring side programmin5;. unbolonced ot the time of
effects.One of those present at the meet- Ever evolving, project Biuebird was later his deoth due to hoving

la;t t t ' : . . : ins, Ben Wils<-rn,later recallecl that Olson renamccl Project Artichoke, after a veg- unknowingly token
'was psvchotic'. etabie that Dulies Nas particularl,vfbnd of. enormous doses of LSD.

.. 1
BIt{r{ Ctini'catC

rd sonffrOI
' drugs it. Official CIA documents describd
ULTRA as an 'umbrella project' witht
'sub-projects'. Many of these sub-projBl
dealt with testing illegal drugs for poten
field use. Others dealt with electronicsriit
One explored the possibility of activatih$' ,
'the human organism by remote control''.'
Throughout, it remained a major goal tol s
brainwash i'dividuals ," m.#. .l"ri.;,'titii
and spieswithout their knowledge.

.3 \{rhen it wasformed in 1947,the CIA wal
3 forbidden to have any domestic police
E internal security powers. In short, it
E authori zed onl y l o opcrate' overseas
From the very start, MK-ULTRA staff
-o this Congressional stipulation and
testi ngon unw i rti ng U S ci ri zens.
Precisely how extensive illegal testing :
became w i l l rrever he know n. Richar d
Helms, CIA Director and chief a..nit..t,oi.:lll
p the programme. ordered the destruct ion
of all MK-ULTRA records shortly befor-^e';
rc Ieaving office in 1973. Despite these
cautlons some documents were m
and came to lisht in the late 1970s,
U laid bare the spy agency's cynicism. ,r,,

Artichoke was an 'offensive' programme of

mind control that gathered together the
intelligence divisions of the Army, Nar,y,
Air Force and FBI.
The scope of the project was outlined in
a memorandum dated January 1952 that
ominously asked: 'Can rve get control of an
individual to the point where he will do
our bidding against his will and even
against fundamental laws of nature such as
self preservation?'The race was on to cre-
a l e a pr ogr am m ablea s s a s s i n .
A crack CIA team was fbrmed that could
travel, at a moment's notice, to anlwhere
in the world. Their task was to test the new
interrogation techniques, and ensure that
victims would rlot remember being inter-
rogated and programmecl. All manner of
narcotics, from marijuana to LSD, heroin
and sodium pentathol - the so-called
'truth dmg' - were regularly used.
Profussor Jomes Slorrs,
holding o plosler cost
ink Olson'sskull,
ad the forensic
investigotion inio Olson's
deoth. Storrs concluded
]hot there wos not enough
evidence to prove Olson's One particularh.' oclior-rsproject \\.asnln injections of high quality morphitre, some-
deqth wos onything ofher
l --a L ---- - - - - r L:- - - r L- . by Dr Harris Isabel,Director of the Pr,rblic times getting 'shot-up' three times a da1,,
thon suicide. SidneY Service Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky - depending on their co-operation.Brought
,Gpnlieb (inset), who wqs a facilitv speciaiizing in drug abuse. Asked before the Senate subcommitteesin 1975,
crcused of hoving fed by the CIA to discover a ranse of 'syn- Isabel saw no contradiction in providing
on huge omounls of th e ti c ' d rrrg s .Is a b e lb e gan expcri menl i ng hard drugs to the verv addicts he r.vas
), wor olso colled upon on captive black inmates. AnxioLrs to emplo,vedto cure.
t""rify. please his CIA bosses he claily fed his Follou'ing public outrage, the CIIA
suinea pigs large dosesof LSD, mescaline, announceclit had ceasedits mind manipu-
marijuana, scopolamine and other sub- lation programmes. Victor Marchetti, a
stances.In exchange for participating in (lIA vetelan of 14 yearswho turned 'rvhis-
th e e x p e ri me n ts , th e i nmates recei r-ed tle-blorver',exposed this to be untrue.

In 1977, Marchetti said the CIA ciaims to
have ceased were a cover stor)'. Uncier
scrutiny, the agenc,vr,verequick to dorvrt-
play the successof MK-ULTRA - claimins
no real advances lvere achier,ecl.NIiles
Copeland, al)other lons-serr,iug CIA offi-
cer disputed this. Speaking to a reporter,
Copeland revealed that 'the consressional
sr-rbcommitteer.vhichwent into this sort of
thing got only the barestelirnpse.'Another
source rvithin the intelligence commuuitl'
says that after 1963, CIA efforts itrcreas-
ingly focr.rsedon psychoelectronics.Narco-
hypnosis had been clrained dr-r''.
DrJose Delgaclo,a neurophvsiologistat
Yale Universitv School, rvas especiallr'
,i itl

i n te r es t edin E lec t ro n i cSti m u l a ti o no f th e

Bra i n. B y im plant in g a s ma l l p ro b e i n ro th e
brain, Delgado discovered that he'could
wield enorrnous power over his subject.
Using a device he called the 'stimoceiver'
which operated by FM radio waves,he was
able to electronically orchestrate a wide
range of human emotions. These included
rage, lust and fatigue.
D ur ing 1966, De l g a d o a n n o u n c e d th a t
his findings supported 'the distasteful con-
clusion that motion, emotion and behav-
iour can be directed by electrical forces.'
He added that 'humans can be controlled
like robots by push buttons.' Funded by

33 rB
We must remember to thonk
fhe CIA qnd the qrmy for LSD.
They invented LSD to control
people qnd whqt ir did wos
to give us freedom

-n \ r ,
the Office of Naval Research, Delgado
looked forward to a future when socien'
could be 'psychocivilized'. Despire rhe V During the l95Os ond
miniaturization of implants, the next 6Os, lorge doses of LSD
major advance forward was micrortar-es. were given fo over IOO
By placing a volunteer in an electromag- British servicemen. The
netic field, Dr Ross Adey of the Universin' tesls were ollegedly
of California, made a starrlillg discor.err-. corried oul to see whol
Using specific radio \\'a\:es,Adev rr'as able would hoppen if on
to influence his subjects' braiurr-ar-es. enemy moncged lo use
Another scientist, Allen Frer', took this the drug on British forces.



the D epartment of Def ence,
Scapitz said: 'It will be shown that
the spoken r'r,ord of the hypnotist
may be conveyed by modulated
electromagnetic energy directly into
the subconsciousparts of the brain.'
This, he said, could be achieved
w i thout empl of i ng anv technical
devices for 'receiving or transcoding
3 For the first time, US ager.rtshad the

ability to remotely tamper rtith an individ-

I ual's mind. Scapitz went even fr"rrther,
claiming that this could be achieved with-
out the target even becoming al'are of
what was happening.
Since then, Iittle information has been
revealed in scientific literature, follolving
the imposition of strict securitl' classifica-
tion. Despite this, sigrrificarrt pieces of

33 1*,
research a step further. Frey found he B io -t e le me t ry e n c o m p qs s e s
could remotely induce sleep in his subjects t h e t ro n s mis s io n o f d o fo b y
by subjecting them to electromagnetic s u rg ic o lly imp lo n t e d
waves. He also learned he could produce f ro n s mif t e rs
acoustic noises - booming, buzzing and
P M. P ersson,S w ei i sh R eseorchInsti i uti on
hissing - directly inside a volunteer's head.
Developing on Frey's
earlier work, Joseph Sharp
- a doctor at the Walter
- B\ r ,
information - more nsualh'from non-US
Reed Army Institute of sources- contilllle to be published. \A/hat

,Tol Research - was able to

tra n s m i t spoken w ords
is alailable paints a bleak picture.
Eviclence erists that mind-control and

andGhiPs via pulsed microwaves.

Sitting inside an electro-
bel'rar.iour n'rodification technology is
presenth concealed behind Non Lethal
ceurmYof magnetic field, Sharp D eferrcer\LD ) i rri ti ati ves.
i #ffi;,"* clearly heard and under- The announcement in 1995 that non-
stood words transmitted to him by a col- 1etha1rveapons- including high powered
A In 1993, the prestigious league. For the medical profession this rvas microrr'avesand radio frequency devices -
llS Defense News corried a major breakthrough, and would be of alre to be 'transited' to the law enforce-
on orticle reveoling thot immense benefit to the deaf. Howeveq the rnent sector was met with dismaf in some
former Soviel scienlists US military and intelligence communin' quarters.This joint programme, known as
wer€ co-operoring with were quick to capitalize on these nen'dis- 'Operations Other Than War', opens the
U5 ogencies to supply coveries. Secret research programmes on way for the military to move into the civil-
mind-control technology. electromagnetics have never been made ian domain - a move precluded by the
available under the Freedom of American constitution.The statedaim is to
Information Act. more effectively tackle narcotics traffick-
ing, terrorism and other criminal activity.
R EMOT E C ON T R OT Many citizensconsider this to be a lame
ln I974,J. F. Scapitz,a scientistfunded by excuse. They fear the rviclespreaduse of
the Department of Defence, had a chilling mind-altering technologies, and believe
vision. He sought to combine earlier MK- democracv is under serious assault.In the
ULTR\ hypnosis studies with emerging light of past government abuses,rvho
microwave technologies. In an outline to can blame them?