Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 4

Physics Class Assignment

Topic - Relative Motion


Relative motion in 1-D
1. A river has a steady speed of 0.500 m/s. A student swims upstream a distance of 300 m and swims
back to the starting point. If the student can swim at a speed of 1.5 m/s in still water, how long does
the trip take? Compare this with the time the trip would take if the water were still.

2. A man in a balloon rising vertically with an acceleration of 5 m/s 2 releases a ball 2 seconds after a
balloon is let go from the ground. The greatest height above the ground reached by the ball is (g=10
m/s2)
a. 15 m
b. 20 m
c. 30 m
d. 25 m
3. Two balls A and B are thrown simultaneously from height of 0 m and 320 m and with velocity of
100m/s upward and 60m/s downwards respectively. The time after which they cross each other and
the height from the ground at which they cross each other are respectively
a. 2 s, 180 m
b. 4 s, 360 m
c. 2 s, 360 m
d. 4 s, 180 m
4. Two persons A and B are initially 40 m apart. A is behind B. A starts moving with uniform velocity of
10 m/s towards B. B starts moving away from A with constant acceleration of 2 m/s 2 and zero initial
velocity. Then the time at which minimum distance between A and B occurs, is given by
a. 2 s
b. 4 s
c. 5 s
d. 6 s
5. In the above problem, the minimum distance between the two is
a. 20 m
b. 15 m
c. 25 m
d. 30 m
6. A passenger is standing 20 m behind from a bus. The bus begins to move (at t=0) with constant
acceleration 0.9 m/s2. At the same instant, the passenger starts running at a constant speed v
towards the bus. The minimum speed (in m/s) of the passenger so that he may catch the bus is
a. 3 m/s
b. 4 m/s
c. 5 m/s
d. 6 m/s
7. A thief starts from rest with acceleration 5 m/s 2 from a point A (as shown). At the same instant, police
jeep initially at B and moving with speed 10 m/s starts
accelerating at 4 m/s2 towards the thief. Initial distance
between the thief and police is 100 m. Can the police
catch the thief? If no, what is the minimum acceleration
(of police) required to catch the thief?
Relative Motion in 2-D
8. A ship steams dues west at a rate of 15km/hr relative to the current which is flowing at the rate of
6km/hr due south. What is the velocity relative to the ship of a train going due north at a rate of
30km/hr.
a. 39km/hr
b 29km/hr
c. 19km/hr
d. 49km/hr
9. A pirate in a ship (black pearl) moving eastwards with speed of 120km/hr observes that another ship
(Flying Dutch) is moving north-west with speed of 240km/hr at an angle of 120 o with the east
direction. Find the actual speed of the flying Dutch. If the pirate in Flying Dutchman sees that
another ship (Interceptor) is moving westwards with speed 240 km/hr, what will
be the velocity of Interceptor w.r.t. pirate in Black pearl.

10.Two ships A and B are moving with speed 30km/hr and 1 0 3 km/hr along
North and West Direction respectively as shown in the diagram below. Initially B
lies 300 km North of A. Find the time at which distance between the two ships is
minimum. Also find the minimum between the ships.

River-Boat / River-Swimmer Problems


PASSAGE: Q11 Q16: The velocity of the boat in still water is 30m/s. The width of the river (AB) is
1200m. The velocity of water is 15 m/s. The boat is initially at A. Answer the
following question.
11.The minimum time taken by the boat to cross the river is
a. 10 s
b. 20 s
c. 30s
d. 40 s
12.The drift of the boat when it takes minimum time is
a. 600 m
b.
c.
300 m
200

d. 4

00 3 m

13.If the boat wants to reach the opposite corner (B) of the river, then at what angle with the river flow,
should it steer the boat? (Clockwise - , anticlockwise +)
o
o
o
a. 120o
b.
c.
d.
150
30
60
14.The time taken by the boat to cross the river in the above case is
a. 80/ 3 s
b. 4 0/ 3 s
c. 160/ 3
15.If the boatman steers the boat at angle of
a. 400 3 m b. 800 3
m

d.

80

60o

with the river flow, then drift of the boat is


c. 160 3
m
d. 800
m

16.If the water flow is increasing such that the water is accelerating at a rate of 0.5m/s 2 and the
boatman is steering the boat perpendicular to the river flow and the speed of river is 15m/s at start,
then the drift is
a. 1000 m
b. 4 00
m
c. 1600
m
d. 600
m
PASSAGE: Q17-19 A river of width 1000 m flows with a velocity 5 m/s. A boy in over-confidence starts
from one bank towards another by propelling a boat with a velocity of 10 m/s, perpendicular to the flow
of water current. A man in an attempt to save him starts at the same instant 500 m, downstream on the
same bank, from where the boy started and chases him to catch exactly in mid stream.
17.The time after which man succeeded in catching the boat is
a. 6/5 min
b. 5/6 min
c. 3/4 min
18.The constant speed and direction of swimming of the man are
a. 1 0 2 m/s , 135o to the direction of river flow
direction of river flow
c. 1 0 2 m/s , 120o to the direction of river flow
direction of river flow

d. 4/3 min

m/s , 135o to the

d. 1 0

m/s , 135o to the

b. 1

19.The distance swayed by the boat downstream, before the man could catch hold of the boat
a. 125 m
b.
c.
d. 2 00 m
375 m
250 m
PASSAGE: Q20-22 A boat has a speed of 1 m/s in still water. The boat has to cross a river (120 m wide)
that is flowing with speed 1.414 m/s.
20.Then the minimum drift of the boat possible is
a. Zero
b. 120 m
c. 60 m

d. 180 m

21.Minimum drift happens when the boatman steers the boat at an angle with the river flow. Then is
a. 120o
b. 45o
c. 135o
d. 60o
22.The drift of the boat when the boatman steers the boat at an angle of 127 o and 143o with the river
flow are respectively
a. 122.1 m and 122.8 m b. 122.8 m and 122.1 m
c. 62 m and 64 m
d. 62.5 m and 63.5 m

23.Refer to figure shown. A boat is initially at A. Velocity of the boat in still


water is Vb/r and velocity of river is Vr. Vb/r > Vr. Tc is the time to reach
point C and Td is the time to reach point D. BC=BD. D c is the drift if
boatman steers the boat towards AC and D d is the drift if boatman steers
the boat towards AD then
a) Tc > Td
b) Tc < Td
c) Dc > Dd
d) Dd > Dc

24.An aircraft flies at 200 km/hr in still air. A wind is blowing at 1 00 2 km/hr from the south. The
pilot wants to travel from a point A to a point B north east of A. Then find the direction he must steer
and the time taken in a journey if the distance between A and B is 400 km.

Rain-Man-Umbrella Problems
25.A man is walking steadily on a horizontal road with speed of 2km/hr in a rainy day. Rain is falling
vertically with speed 2 km/hr. Find at what angle with his direction of travel should he hold umbrella
to avoid getting drenched.
a. 45o
b. 0o
c. 135o
d. 90o

26.

A man is running in a horizontal road with a speed of 2 m/s. When the person stops, rain appears
to fall with speed of 2 m/s at an angle of 30 o with the vertical from the backside. When the person
was running, rain was appearing to fall at
a. 30o with the vertical from the backside
b. 60o with the vertical from the front side
o
c. 30 with the vertical from the front side
d. 60o with the vertical from the backside

27.In the above question, if the man starts running in opposite direction, then the rain appears to fall
a. 30o with the vertical from the backside
b. 60o with the vertical from the front side
c. 30o with the vertical from the front side
d. 60o with the vertical from the backside

28.

A man walking steadily on a horizontal road with speed 2 km/hr finds that the rain falls vertically
on him. If he doubles his speed, the rain seems to fall at 45 o to vertical from the front side. Find at
what direction and speed, the rain would strike him if he stops.
a. 2 2 m/s at 45o from back side
b. 2 2 m/s at 45o from front side
c.

2 m/s vertically downwards

d. none of these

29.Rain is falling with a speed of 2/ 3 m/s perpendicular to the inclined plane. A


person is travelling (as shown below) with speed of 2m/s on an inclined plane
making an angle of 30 o. Find at what angle with the horizontal, should keep
umbrella.
a. 0o
b. 30o
c. 60o
d. 45o
30.Rain is falling at an angle of 30o with the vertical with speed 10m/s. A
truck containing water sensitive material inside a cylindrical container is
running with speed of 10m/s. The angle made by axis of cylinder with
horizontal so that water does not enter the container.
a. 120o
b. 90o
c. 150o
d. 135o
Answers
1. 12 min 30 s, 6 min
40 s
9.

VFlying Dutch =

10.7.5 hr., 150


m

11.D

2. A

120 3

3. A

4. C

5. B

km/hr North, VIn/BP =

12.A

13.B

14.A

6. D

60 3
15.B

7. NO, 4.5 m/s2

8. A

km/hr North West at 30o with west


16.A

17.B

18.A

24.37o North of east, 1 hr 24


min

19.C

20.B
25.A

21.C
26.C

22.A
27.B

23.A, D
28.B

29.A

30.A