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a basic recipe for preparation of Hydropnics Nutrient Solutions for

various stages of plant growth (Vegetative, Flowering & Fruiting). This


is a general purpose recipe.
To Make 100 Liters of Nutrient Solution
Weight in
Grams

Weight in
Grams

Weight in
Grams

Vegetative
Nutrient (9.5 :
5.7 : 11.3)

Flowering
Nutrient
(5.5 : 8 :
18.4)

Fruiting
Nutrient (8.2 :
5.9 : 13.6)

Calcium
Nitrate
Ca(No3)2

158.73

108.47

211.64

Potassium
Nitrate
KNO3

55.29

74.07

74.07

Sulphate of
Potash
K2SO4

12.17

12.17

44.97

Monopatassiu
m Phosphate
KH2PO4

36.77

36.77

36.77

Magnesium
Sulphate
MgSO4 *
7H2O

64.02

63.49

63.49

Trace Mix

10 ml

10 ml

10 ml

Chelated Iron

100 ml

100 ml

100 ml

Salt

Trace Mix for 1 L Concentrated Solution


Zinc Sulphate
(ZnSO4)

2.20

Manganese
Sulphate
(MnSO4)

15.4

Copper
Sulphate
(CuSO4)

0.8

Weight in Grams

Soln
A/B

Boric Acid
(H3BO3)

28.60

Sodium
Molybdate
(Na2MoO4)

0.25

Iron
Concentrate
Solution for
1L

Weight in
Grams

Chelated Iron
(FeEDTA)

19.48

How to Prepare the solution.


Iron Chelate Solution Take 1 Litre bottle and add the Chelated Iron
to 500 ml of water and dissolve it. Once dissolved top up the bottle to
1 L capacity
Trace Mix Solution Take 1 Litre bottle and fill it with 500 ml of water.
Add each of the trace element salts individually and dissolve one by
one. Ensure that you add the next salt only after the previous salt it
completely dissolved. After all trace elements are dissolved top up the
bottle with water to 1 L capacity
Take two 5L cans and label them as Solution A and Solution B.
Solution A
1) Take a 5 L can and label it as Solution A
2) Fill about 4 liters of water in the can
3) Add Calcium Nitrate and dissolve it completely
4) Add Potassium Nitrate dissolve it completely
5) Add 100 ml of the Iron Chelate solution
6) Top up the can with water to make it 5 L in capacity
Solution B
1) Take a 5 L can and label it as Solution B
2) Fill about 4 liters of water in the can
3) Add each of the salts and dissolve in the can one by one. Ensure
that the next salt is added only after the previous salt is completely
dissolved.
4) Add 10 ml of the trace mix
5) Top up the can with water to it 5 L in capacity

Now you have two 5 L cans of Solution A and Solution B. This is good
for making 100 L of the Nutrient Solution. In case you need to make
10 L of the solution fill the reservoir tank with 5 L of water and then
add 500 ml of Solution A and mix it thoroughly. Next add 500 ml of
Solution B and mix it thorughly. Now fill up the reservoir to the 10 L
capacity.
A note about Water Quality and pH.
Water Quality It is very important that the quality of water is good.
Softened bore water is a big no no for Hydroponics due to the addition
of NaCl during the ion exchange process. Ideally you should be using
RO water or Rain water. In case you have to use municipal water let it
sit for a day to get rid of the chlorine but I doubt how good the water
our municipalities supply. In a later post I will give more information
on creating your own recipes based on PPM and taking water quality
into consideration.
pH It is important to maintain the correct pH. You would need a pH
meter to check for pH. So far I never had a need to decrease the pH
(acidify) of the solution when using RO water. You can use Cooking
Soda for increasing the pH while vinegar or citric acid or diluted
Sulphuric acid (battery acid) for decreasing the pH.
Disclaimer/Credits: The NKP part of the receipe has been adopted
mainly from Keith Roberto's wonderful book 'How to Hydroponics'.
The Trace elements part is gathered / culled from the many good
people at the hyrdo forum on GardenWeb and the sample recipe by
Daniel Fernandez's Hydroponic Buddy Calculator. If this is in violation
of any copyrights please feel free to report this post to the admin to
have this post deleted.

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