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INTHEHIGHCOURTOFJUDICATUREATBOMBAY
CIVILAPPELLATESIDEJURISDICTION

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WRITPETITIONNO.5576OF2013
with
CIVILAPPLICATIONNO.1885OF2013INWPNO.5576OF2013
with
WRITPETITIONNO.4479OF2013
with
CIVILAPPLICATIONNOS.1337,1608,1610,1611AND1301OF2013
inWPNO.4479OF2013
with
WRITPETITIONNO.6710OF2013
with
WRITPETITIONNO.7505OF2013
with
WRITPETITIONSTAMPNO.27990OF2013

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WPNO.5576OF2013withCANO.1885OF2013
TheSocietyofSt.Mary'sSchool&Another.
Vs
ThePuneZillaParishad&Others.

..Petitioners
..

Respondents

Shri Gaurav Joshi along with Shri J.P. Sen, Shri Piyush Raheja, Shri
RohanDakshini,ShriVisheshMalviyaandMs.NikitaMishrai/byM/s.
Federal&RashmikantforthePetitioners.
ShriJatinAdhav,theApplicantinpersonpresentinCivilApplication
No.1885of2013.
ShriS.J.RairkaralongwithShriNikhilR.Vidhwansfor Respondent
No.2.
ShriP.J.ThoratfortheRespondentNo.9.
ShriKevicSetalwad,AdditionalSolicitorGeneralalongwithShriGirish
KulkarniandShriR.AshokanfortheRespondentNo.6UnionofIndia.
Shri S.K. Shinde, Government Pleader along with Shri A.B. Vagyani,
AdditionalGovernmentPleaderfortheRespondentStateinallmatters.

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TheBishop'sEducationSociety,Pune
andAnother.
Vs
TheStateofMaharashtra&Others.

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WPNO.4479OF2013 with C.A.NOS.1608OF2013,1610OF2013,


1611OF2013,1337OF2013,1301OF2013INWPNO.4479OF2013.

..

Petitioners

..

Respondents

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Shri R.A. Dada, Senior Counsel along with Shri Gaurav Joshi, Shri
Piyush Raheja, Shri Rohan Dakshini, Shri Vishesh Malviya and Ms.
NikitaMishrai/byM/s.Federal&RashmikantforthePetitioners.
Shri Purushottam G. Chavan for the Applicant in Civil Application
No.1337of2013.
Shri Manoj Harit i/by M/s. Jay & Co for the Applicant in Civil
ApplicationNo.1608of2013.
ShriMihirDesaifortheApplicantinCivilApplicationNo.1610of2013.
ShriRavikiranTribhuwanfortheApplicantinCivilApplicationNo.1611
of2013.
ShriS.C.WakankarfortheApplicantinCivilApplicationNo.1301of
2013.
ShriS.J.RairkaralongwithShriNikhilR.Vidhwansfor Respondent
No.3.
ShriKevicSetalwad,AdditionalSolicitorGeneralalongwithShriGirish
KulkarniandShriR.AshokanfortheRespondentNo.6UnionofIndia.
Shri S.K. Shinde, Government Pleader along with Shri A.B. Vagyani,
AdditionalGovernmentPleaderfortheRespondentState.

WPNO.6710OF2013
SaraswatiVidyalayaUnion&Another.
..
Petitioners
Vs
ThePuneZillaParishad&Others.
..
Respondents

ShriP.K.Dhakephalkar,SeniorCounselalongwithShriPiyushRaheja,
ShriRohanDakshini,ShriVisheshMalviyaandMs.NikitaMishrai/by
M/s.Federal&RashmikantforthePetitioners.
ShriS.J.RairkaralongwithShriNikhilR.VidhwansforNos.1,2and5.
ShriP.J.ThoratforRespondentNos.6and7.
ShriAbhijeetAnturkarfortheRespondentNo.8.
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ShriM.I.Sethna,SeniorAdvocatealongwithShriR.Ashokanforthe
RespondentNo.9.
Shri S.K. Shinde, Government Pleader along with Shri A.B. Vagyani,
AdditionalGovernmentPleaderfortheRespondentState.

WPNO.7505OF2013

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P.A.Inamdar&Others.
..
Petitioners
Vs
TheUnionofIndia&Others.
..
Respondents

ShriSandeepR.WaghmareforthePetitioners.
ShriD.R.ShahfortheRespondentNo.1UnionofIndia.
Shri S.K. Shinde, Government Pleader along with Shri A.B. Vagyani,
AdditionalGovernmentPleaderfortheRespondentState.

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WPST.NO.27990OF2013
AmarDigambarShinde.
..
Petitioner
Vs
TheStateofMaharashtra&Others.
..
Respondents

ShriS.Gawdei/byShree&CompanyforthePetitioners.
Shri S.K. Shinde, Government Pleader along with Shri A.B. Vagyani,
AdditionalGovernmentPleaderfortheRespondentState.

CORAM:

A.S.OKA&
REVATIMOHITEDERE,JJ

th
DATEONWHICHSUBMISSIONSWEREHEARD:
11
OCTOBER2013

th
DATEONWHICHJUDGMENTISPRONOUNCED: 24
DECEMBER2013

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ThesePetitionscanbedisposedofbyacommonjudgment.

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JUDGMENT(PERA.S.OKA,J.)

ThefirstissueinvolvedinthesePetitionsiswhetherinthelightofthe
decisionofthe ApexCourtinthecaseof SocietyforUnaidedPrivate
SchoolofRajasthanVs.UnionofIndia 1 theprovisionsoftheRightof
ChildrentoFreeandCompulsoryEducationAct,2009(forshortthe

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Education Act) are applicable to the unaided minority schools not


receivingaidorgrantstomeetthewholeorpartofitsexpensesfrom

theAppropriateGovernmentortheLocalAuthority.Iftheanswertothe
saidquestionisaffirmative,thesecondquestioninvolvediswhetherthe

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Schools subject matter of these Petitions are the unaided minority


schools.

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2.

UnderClause(c)ofSubsection(1)ofSection12ofthe

EducationAct,anunaidedschoolnotreceivinganykindofaidorgrants
to meet its expenses from the appropriate Government or the local
AuthorityisunderanobligationtoadmitinClassI,totheextentofat
least25%ofthestrengthofthatclass,thechildrenbelongingtoweaker
section and disadvantaged group in the neighbourhood and provide
free and compulsory education to them till its completion. In Writ
Petitions the issue which arises for consideration is whether the
concernedschoolsareboundbytheClause(c)ofSubsection(1)of
1 (2012)6 SCC 1

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Withaviewtoappreciatethesubmissionsmadeacrossthe

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Section12oftheEducationAct.

bar,itwillbenecessarytomakeareferencetothefactualcontroversy
arisingineachpetition.

4.

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FACTSOFWRITPETITIONNO.5576OF2013

The first Petitioner is a Society registered under the

SocietiesRegistrationAct,1860andaPublicCharitableTrust.Thefirst
Petitionerhasbeenformedwithanobjectofprovidingeducationfor

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childrenofAngloIndianandEuropeanCommunitiesinIndiathrough
themediumofEnglish. ThefirstPetitionerisconductingaminority

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school by the name St. Mary's School. The State Government has
issuedMinorityStatusCertificatetotheSt.Mary'sSchoolon30 thMarch
2013.ThechallengeinthisPetitionistotheorderdated4 thMay2013
passedbytheEducation Officer(Secondary)ofPune,Zilla Parishad,
Pune.Bythesaidorder,theEducationOfficerrejectedthecontention
ofthePetitionerthattheEducationActwasnotapplicabletotheSt.
Mary's School. He held that the Union of India has granted land
admeasuring7.630AcresonoldgrantbasistothesaidSchooland,
therefore,thoughthesaidSchoolmaybeaminorityschool,itisnotan
unaidedschool.He,therefore,heldthattheentireadmissionprocess

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adoptedbytheschoolwasillegalas25%oftheseatswerenotreserved

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inaccordancewithclause(c)ofSubsection(1)ofSection12ofthe

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EducationAct.Bysettingasidetheadmissionprocess,afreshprocess
wasorderedtobeconductedinaccordancewiththeEducationAct.

5.

AnaffidavitinreplyhasbeenfiledtothesaidPetitionby

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ShriMushtakMohammadShaikh,theEducationOfficer(Primary),Zilla
Parishad,Pune. InParagraph6ofthereply,itiscontendedthatthe
land on which the said school is situated belongs to the Central

Government.Itiscontendedthatthelandisavailedataconcessional
rate either on lease or is occupied under old grant. Therefore, it

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cannotbecontendedthattheschoolisunaided.

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6.

InthisPetition,CivilApplicationNo.1885of2013hasbeen

filedbyanIntervenerwhoisanAdvocate.TheApplicationisfiledon
the ground that due to the illegality in the admission process, his
daughterhasbeendeniedadmission.

7.

TheRespondentNo.9hasfiledareplycontendingthatthe

exemption under old grant/concession in the lease rent by the


AppropriateGovernmentitselfamountstoanaid.Relianceisplaced
ontheGovernmentResolutiondated19 th May2012bywhichcertain
directions were given to the schools for implementation of the

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adoptedbytheschoolwasnottransparent.

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admission process. It was contended that the admission process

FACTSOFWRITPETITIONNO.4479OF2013

8.

ThisPetitionhasbeenfiledbyBishop'sEducationSociety,

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Pune.ThefirstPetitionerSocietyisrunningthreeschools.Thefirstis
Bishop's School located in Pune Cantonment area (for short Camp
school).ThesecondschoolisBishop'sCoEdSchoolatKalyaniNagar,

Pune(forshortKalyaniNagarSchool)andthethirdschoolisBishop's
CoEdSchoolatUndri(forshortUndrischool).Itiscontendedthat

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all the three schools are minority educational institutions. The


certificatesgrantedbytheStateGovernmenthavebeenannexedtothe

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Petition.Itiscontendedthatallthethreeschoolsareprivate,unaided
andminorityinstitutionswhichdonotreceiveanykindofgrantoraid
eitherfromtheStateGovernmentorfromtheCentralGovernment.

9.

InthePetition,thereisachallengetotheletterdated19 th

January2013(ExhibitItothePetition),letterdated14 th/22ndFebruary
2013(ExhibitNtothePetition),threelettersalldated7 thMarch2013
(ExhibitsP, P1 and P2 to the Petition), the purported interim order
dated22ndMarch2013(ExhibitWtothePetition),twolettersdated1 st
April2013(ExhibitsEEandFFtothePetition),letterdated17 th April

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2013(ExhibitsJJtothePetition)andtheletterdated26 th April2013

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(ExhibitNNtothePetition).Thefirstletterwhichisunderchallenge

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isdated19th January2013issuedbytheEducationOfficer(Primary),

Pune District Parishad, Pune to Block Education Officer, Panchayat


Samiti,Haveli,DistrictPune. Bythesaidletter,theEducationOfficer
(Primary) called upon the Block Education Officer to look into the

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allegations regarding breach of the Education Act committed by the


PetitionersinthecomplaintfiledbythePuneCityCongressCommittee
and to submit a report. On 14 th/22nd February 2013, the Block

Education Officer, Panchayat Samiti Haveli, Pune informed the Head


MasterofCampSchoolthattheschoolwasanaidedschoolwithinthe

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meaning of Education Act and, therefore, 25% reservation for the


studentsoftheweakersectionanddisadvantagegroupofthesociety

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willapply.ItwasstatedintheletterthattheCampSchoolhasbeen
situated on the land given on lease by the Central Government for
educational purpose.The Extension Officer (Education)ofPanchayat
SamitiaddressedalettertotheHeadMasteroftheCampschoolcalling
upontheHeadMastertosubmitareplytotheearlierletterdated18 th
February2013.SimilarletterswereaddressedtoKalyaniNagarSchool
aswellasUndrischoolonthesamedate. On22 nd March2013,an
interimorderwasissuedbytheEducationOfficer(Primary)ofPune
ZillaParishad,Pune. Inthesaidinterimorder,itwasheldthatthe
Camp school of the Petitioners was using a Government land in

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cantonmentareaonleaseforanominalrentofRs.2,400/peryearfor

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anareaof5.330acres.Itwasheldthattheschoolwasanaidedschool

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and,therefore,25%reservationunderSection12oftheEducationAct
was applicable. It was alleged that one division consisting of 45
studentswasillegallystartedbytheschool.Therefore,theadmission
processinallthethreeschoolswastemporarilystayedbycallingupon

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theschoolstoinitiateafreshprocessofadmission.On1 stApril2013,
thePetitionerswerecalledupontoattendhearingbeforetheDeputy
DirectorofEducationPuneDivision,Pune. Initiallythehearingwas

fixedon8th April2013whichwaspostponedto12 th April2013. By


communicationdated17thApril2013,thePetitionerswereinformedto

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producecertaindocumentson15thApril2013.Itwasobservedinthe
said letter that in the hearing conducted on 12 th April 2013, the

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Petitionerswerecalledupontoproducethesaiddocuments.Byletter
dated26thApril2013issuedbytheEducationOfficer(Primary)ofZilla
Parishad,Pune,thePetitionershavebeeninformedthattheyhavenot
submitted documents and, therefore, if by 30 th April 2013 the
documents were not furnished, an ex parte order will be passed as
regardstheprocessofadmissionfortheAcademicYear20132014.By
letterdated29th April2013,theAdvocateforthePetitionersinformed
theEducationOfficer(Primary)ofPuneZillaParishad,Punethatthe
provisions of the Education Act were not applicable to the unaided
minorityschools.ThechallengeinthePetitionistotheinterimorder

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dated 22nd March 2013 and various other communications set out

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above.

Shri Sunil J. Kurhade, Incharge Education Officer

(Primary),PuneZillaParishad,Punehasfiledareply.Itiscontended
that the Camp school is situated on a land owned by the Central

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Government which was leased at a concessional rate of rent. It is


allegedthatinthepasttheCampschoolhasavailedgrantinaidfor
construction under the old GrantinAid from the State. He filed

additionalreply.Firstlyitiscontendedinthereplythattheschoolsat
KalyaninagarandUndriwerereceivingaidintheformofconcessionin

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thepropertytaxes. Reliancewasplacedinthesaidreplyonletter
dated9thMay2013issuedbythePuneMunicipalCorporationregarding

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theschoolatKalyaninagar.Itwascontendedthattheauditedaccounts
of the Petitionersshow that the rent has been received from all the
threeschoolstotallyamountingtoRs.4,93,57,391/andthereisinterest
income.ItwascontendedthatthoughtheschoolsaresituatedinPune
Cantonmentarea,KalyaninagarandUndrirespectively,theEducation
Officer (Primary) of Zilla Parishad has control over the schools on
various aspects. There is a reply filed on behalf of the State
Government by Nana Uttamrao Raurale, Joint Secretary of the
Education Department. The said reply contains various legal
submissionsontheconceptofgrantinaid.Wemuststateherethatthe

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learnedGovernmentPleadermadeastatementoninstructionsthatthe

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StateGovernmentdoesnotdesiretorelyuponParagraphs7and8of

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thesaidreplywhicharereallythemainavermentsinthereplyand,
therefore,itisnotnecessarytoreproducethesameindetailwhatis
statedinthesaidtwoparagraphs.

Civil Application No.1608 of 2013 has been filed for

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11.

intervention.ItiscontendedthattheApplicantsaretheparentsofthe
studentswhoweredeniedadmissiontoclassLKGintheBishopsCamp

School,Pune.CivilApplicationNo.1610of2013hasbeenfiledbya
thirdpartywhoisapracticingDoctor. Theprayerisforpermitting

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intervention.ItiscontendedthattheschoolsofthePetitionersdonot
qualifyforminoritystatus.CivilApplicationNo.1611of2013hasbeen

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filedbytheApplicantwhoclaimstohaveappliedon18 thMarch2013
beforeZillaParishad,Pune,onthebasisofwhichthe interimorder
whichisimpugnedinthewritpetitionwaspassed.Theprayerisfor
admittingthewardsoftheintervenorsintheschoolofthePetitioners.
CivilApplicationno.1337of2013hasbeenfiledbyathirdpartyfor
interventionwithaprayertoconfirmtheadmissiongrantedtohischild.
CivilApplicationNo.1301of2013hasbeenfiledagainbytheparentsof
thechildrenwhohavebeengrantedadmissionsearlier.

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This Petition has been preferred by Saraswati Vidyalaya

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FACTSOFWRITPETITIONNO.6710OF2013

Union,aSocietyregisteredundertheSocietiesRegistrationAct,1860.
According to the case of the Petitioners, the said Society is running
threeschools,thefirstschoolisSaraswatiVidyalayaUnionPrePrimary

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&PrimarySchool(EnglishMedium).Thesaidschoolisreferredtoas
theEnglishmediumschool.Itiscontendedthatthesaidschoolisan
unaidedminorityschool. Itconductsclassespreprimaryandprimary

classesieLowerKinderGardentoStandardIV. Thesecondschoolis
SaraswatiVidyalayaUnionPrimarySchool(TamilMedium).Thesaid

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schoolisreferredtoastheTamilmediumschoolwhichisstatedtobe
anaidedminorityschool. ThethirdschoolisSaraswatiVidyalaya

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UnionHighSchoolandJuniorCollege.ThesaidSchoolisreferredtoas
theHighSchool. Itisstatedthatthesaidschoolreceivessalary
grantfromRespondentNo.1.

13.

AccordingtothecaseofthePetitioners,thefirstPetitioner

societyhasbeenrecognizedasalinguisticminorityandacertificateto
thateffecthasbeenissuedtoitbytheStateGovernment.Relianceis
placedontheGovernmentResolutiondated24 th May2012bywhich
minorityunaidedinstitutionshavebeenexcludedfromthepurviewof
theEducationAct.

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According to the Petitioners, in January 2012 the

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14.

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admissionsintheEnglishmediumschoolfortheAcademicYear2012

2013commenced.Itisstatedthattheschoolissuedadmissionformsin
theformatprescribedundertheRulesframedbytheStateGovernment
undertheEducationAct.Correspondencewasmadebyandonbehalf

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oftheEnglishmediumschoolregardingprocessofadmission. The
Education Board of Pune Municipal Corporation by letter dated 30 th
January2013contendedthatatthetimeofgrantingapprovaltothe

schools,aminoritystatuscertificatewasnotobtainedandhence,the
Petitionerswerenotentitledtoabenefitofminoritystatus.Itwillbe

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necessarytomakeareferencetothe letterdated22 nd January2013


addressedbyEnglishmediumschool tothe Education Officerof the

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School Board. In the said letter, it was stated that, as demanded


verbally by the officers, the school submitted a list in July 2012
containingdetailsof45studentswhowereotherwiseeligibleforfree
education. However, it was contended that the Petitioners did not
implementtheprovisionsoftheEducationActforthesaidAcademic
Year.

15.

ThechallengeinthePetitionistothecommunicationdated

30thJanuary2013addressedbytheHeadoftheEducationBoardofthe
PuneMunicipalCorporation(forshortEducationBoard)addressedto

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thePetitionersandtheEnglishMediumSchoolallegingthatintheyear

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201213, 45 students were admitted in the said school as per the

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Education Act. It was alleged that the school has received amounts
undertheSarvaShikshaAbhiyanandMiddaymealschemeandhence,
itisanaidedschool.Thechallengeisalsotothecommunicationdated
25th March 2013 issued by the Education Officer (Primary), Zilla

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Parishad,Pune,addressedtotheHeadMistressoftheEnglishmedium
school. Itwasobservedinthesaidletterthattheschoolisreceiving
100% grant for V to X standards. The Tamil medium school was

receivinggrantinaid.Itwasallegedthattheschoolhasreceivedsalary
grants for the years 201011 and 201112. It is alleged that the

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amounts of Rs.9,758/ and Rs.6,669/ for the years 20101011 and


20112012respectivelywerereceivedbytheschooltowardstheMid

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day meal scheme. From the funds of a Member of Parliament, 20


computershave beenreceivedbytheschool. ThePuneMunicipal
CorporationhasmadeavailableaplaygroundtotheSchool.Fromthe
fundsofSarvaShikshaAbhiyan,asumofRs.5,500/hasbeenreceived
bytheschoolfortheyear20102011andfortheyear20112012,a
sumofRs.6,000/hasbeenreceivedbytheschool.Itisstatedthat
thoughtheschoolishavingclassesfrompreprimarytoseniorcollege,
byshowingtechnicalities,freshadmissionsweregiventothestudents
intheprimaryschoolandthehighschool.Itwasfurtherallegedthat
theEducationActwasapplicabletothesaidschool.

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16. AreplywasissuedtothesaidletterbytheEnglish

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medium school on 26th March 2013. It is stated that it is an


independent and autonomous unaided school functioning in the
separatecampus. Thesaidschooldoesnotreceiveanygrantoraid.
Itisclarifiedthat100%grantisbeingreceivedbythe HighSchool

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whichisrunningtheclassesfromVtoXwhichhasbeenrecognizedby
theZillaParishad.ThesalarygrantshavebeenreceivedbytheHigh
School.ItisstatedthatTamilmediumschoolisnotgettinganysalary

grantthoughitisrecognizedasanaidedschool.Itiscontendedthatit
isanindependententity.ItisstatedthattheamountsundertheMid

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dayMealSchemehavebeenreceivedbythesaidTamilSchool.Itis
stated that the computers and printers were received by the High

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SchoolandnotbyEnglishmediumschool.ItisstatedthattheHigh
School was using a public ground of Pune Municipal Corporation
whichisbeingusednotonlybythestudentsoftheschoolbutalsoby
thelocalresidents. Itisstatedthatthe saidgroundisnotatall
grantedbythePuneMunicipalCorporationtotheschool.Itisstated
thattheamountsreceivedintheSarvaShikshaAbhiyanwerebyTamil
School.ItisthuscontendedthattheEnglishMediumSchoolisnot
receivinganykindofgrantinaidandthus,itisanunaidedminority
school.

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AnotherchallengeinthePetitionistotheorderdated3 rd

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June 2013 passed by the Education Officer (Primary) of Pune Zilla


Parishad,Pune.Bythesaidorder,itwasheldthatthoughtheschool
run by the Petitioners was a minority school, it is receiving various
categoriesofgrantsinaidfromtheGovernment.Itisstatedthatout

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of the funds of a Member of Parliament,twenty computersandtwo


printerswerereceivedbytheschool.Adirectionwasissuedtorefund
the fees collected from 45 students in the year 20132014.These

studentswereadmittedintheyear201213against25%quotaunder
clause(c)ofsubsection(1)ofSection12oftheEducationAct.Itwas

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observed that receipt of caution fee of Rs.12,000/ amounts to


acceptingcapitationfees.Itwasallegedthatanextradivisionwasbeing

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runwithoutapproval. Itwasdirectedthataseparateactionwillbe
takenforacceptingthecautionmoneyandrunningextradivisions.A
directionwasissuedtokeep25%seatsreservedfortheAcademicYear
20132014aspersection12oftheEducationAct.

18. One of the contentionsraised in the Petition is that the


authoritiesgotconfusedanddidnotnoticethatthePetitionerswere
runningthreeseparateschoolsasdifferententities.Itiscontendedthat
the Englishmediumschoolwhichisaprimaryschoolisdistinctfrom
the High School and the Tamil school. In this behalf, various

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documentshavebeenreliedupon. Itiscontendedthattheprimary

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school(Englishmediumschool)isnotreceivinganygrantinaidand

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hence,theprovisionsoftheEducationActarenotapplicable. We

must note here that the learned Senior Counsel appearing for the
Petitioneroninstructions ofthePetitionersstatedthatthePetitioners
willrefundthefeescollectedfromthe45studentswhowereadmitted

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intheAcademicYear20132014totheEnglishmediumschoolalistof
whichhasbeentenderedonrecordandmarkedXforidentification.

19.Areplywasfiledbythe7 thRespondenttowhichannual
reportofthefirstPetitionerhasbeenannexedtoshowthattheschool

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isreceivinggrantinaid.AreplyhasbeenfiledbytheEducationOfficer
(primary)ofthePuneZillaParishad.Itwascontendedthatanopen

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groundhavinganareaof3865sq.metersownedbythePuneMunicipal
Corporationwasallowedtobeusedbythestudentsoftheschoolsof
thePetitionersfreeofcost.ItwascontendedthatTamilschoolandHigh
schoolwereaidedschools.ItwascontendedthatthePetitionershave
availedofthebenefitsundertheSarvaShikshaAbhiyan,Middaymeal
schemeandcomputersfromMLAFund.However,thereplyproceedson
the basis that the three schools were distinct and it is specifically
admittedthattheEnglishmediumschoolhadundertakenaseparate
processofadmission. Butitisallegedthattheprocessiscontraryto
the provisions of the Education Act. A reply was also filed by the

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MunicipalCorporationraisingsimilarcontentions.

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assistant Administrative Officer of the school board of the Pune

FACTS OF WRIT PETITION NO.7505 OF 2013

20.

As far as this Petition is concerned, the same takes an

exceptiontotheGovernmentResolutiondated13 thFebruary2013and

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orderdated31st July2013passedbytheEducationOfficer(Primary),
Pune. Bythecommunicationdated31st July2013(ExhibitBtothe
Petition)whichisaddressedtothemembersoftheSchoolBoardof

Pune Municipal Corporation, it is stated that considering various


irregularities,aninquiryinrespectoftheaffairsoftheCrescentHigh

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School,Pune,runbythethirdPetitionershouldbemadeandareport
shouldbesubmitted.AccordingtothecaseofthePetitioners,thesaid

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schoolviz.CrescentHighSchoolisrecognizedasaminorityeducational
institution by the State Government. It is contended that the
Petitioners addressed a letter dated 28th May 2013 to the State
Government for issuing an order that the Education Act is not
applicable to the minority unaided schools. The contention of the
Petitionersisthattheimpugnedcommunicationdated31 st July2013
proceedsontheerroneousfootingthattheprovisionsoftheEducation
Actareapplicabletothesaidschoolandtherefore,aprayerismadefor
quashingthesaidcommunication.ThechallengetotheGovernment
Resolution dated 13th February 2013 is on the ground that the

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provisionsoftheEducationActaresoughttobeappliedeventothe

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unaidedminorityschools.

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FACTSOFWRITPETITIONST.27990OF2013

21.ThisisaPetitionfiledbythePetitionerwhoisaparentof
whose son has been admitted to a Junior Kindergarten run by the
Bishop'sEducationSociety.Thegrievanceisthat25%quotaofseatsin

ig
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theschoolarekeptvacant.Awritofmandamusisprayedfordirecting
the concerned Respondents to allow the Petitioner's son to attend

classes.

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SUBMISSIONS OF THE PETITIONERS IN WRIT


PETITIONNO.5576OF2013.
22.

ThelearnedcounselappearingforthePetitionerssubmitted

thattheSt.Mary'sSchoolisanunaidedschoolandthatacertificateof

om

theminoritystatusissuedbytheStateGovernmenthasbeenannexed
tothePetition.HerelieduponthedecisionoftheApexCourtinthe
case of Society for Unaided Private School of Rajasthan Vs. Union of
India. He pointed out that the Apex Court has declared that the
Education Act is unconstitutional qua unaided minority schools as it
violates their fundamental rights guaranteed by Article 30 of the
ConstitutionofIndia.HepointedoutthataPublicCharitableTrustby
thenameBombayDiocesanTrustAssociationLimitedisthelesseeof
theCentralGovernmentundertheLeasedated10 thJuly1996ofaland
admeasuring1.49acres.Theremaining7.55acresofthetotalland
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which was granted to the said Trust under the old grant from the

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Central Government has been occupied by the said school as a

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beneficialuser. HeplacedrelianceontheextractofGeneralLand
Register maintained by the Pune Cantonment. He urged that the
secondRespondenthascompletelymisunderstoodthemeaningofthe
term old grant. He urged that the termold grant signifies the

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mannerofoccupationofthelandandthesamehasnothingtodowith
thegrantwithinthemeaningoftheEducationAct. Heurgedthat
thereisnothingonrecordtoshowthattheLeaserentisbeingcharged

ataconcessionalrate.Herelieduponaletterdated7 thMarch2013
issued by the Defence Estates Officer which records that no special

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concessionhasbeengrantedtothesaidschool.Itisurgedthateven
assuming that the land has been provided to the school at a

om

concessional rate, the grant or concession will notamountto aid or


grants within the meaning of the Education Act. Additionally, he
submittedthatevenassumingthatthereisaconcessiongrantedbythe
Central Government, it does not amount to grant or aid from the
AppropriateGovernmentortheLocalAuthority.Heurgedthatinview
of the definition of the Appropriate Government in clause (a) of
Section2oftheEducationAct,theAppropriateGovernmentinthiscase
willbetheStateGovernment. Hesubmittedthatbyletterdated21 st
August2013,theChiefExecutiveOfficerofPuneCantonmentBoard
hasclarifiedthattheschooldoesnotreceiveanyconcessioninthelevy

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of property taxes and does not receive any grant, aid, benefit,

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advantage,specialconcessionetcfromtheCentralGovernment.Thus,

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thesubmissionisthattheschoolbeinganunaidedminorityschool,the
provisionsoftheEducationActwillnotapply.Hesubmittedthatthe
aid or grant contemplated by the Education Act is the one which is

received from the Appropriate Government or a local Authority for

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meetingtherecurringexpensesoftheschoolssuchasteacher'ssalaries,
maintenanceofschools,etc.HeurgedthatintheStateofMaharashtra,
onlytheschoolsreceivinggrantinaidcanbesaidtobeaidedschools

andadmittedlytheSt.Mary'sSchoolisnotreceivinganygrantinaid.
Heurgedthattreatingtheunaidedminorityschoolsasaidedschools

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y

willhave drasticconsequences. It is pointedoutthatnonminority


unaidedschoolsarerequiredtoadmitatleast25%ofthechildrenof

om

specified categories at the entry level and to provide them free


education for which they are entitled to reimbursement from the
Governmentbuttheaidedschoolsarenotentitledto. He,therefore,
submittedthatifthegrantofalandtominorityschoolataconcessional
rate,supplyoffreeschoolequipmenttotheschooloraconcessionin
thepropertytaxesaretobeequatedwithgrantsoraid,the minority
schoolswhicharenotreceivinggrantinaidfromtheStateGovernment
willbetreatedasaidedschoolsandtheywillnotgetreimbursementfor
admitting25%ofthestudentsasperClause(c)ofSubsection1of
Section12oftheEducationAct.

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LearnedcounselappearingforthePetitionerspointedout

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23.

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SUBMISSIONS OF THE PETITONERS IN WRIT


PETITIONNO.4479OF2013

thattherearethreeschoolsrunbythefirstPetitionerBishop'sSchool
Society.ThefirstschoolisBishop'sschoolinthecantonmentareaat
Pune.TheBishop'sCoEdSchoolisinKalyaniNagarwithinthelimits

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ofPuneMunicipalCorporation. ThethirdschoolisaBishop'sCoEd
SchoolatvillageUndri. Hepointedoutthatnoneoftheschoolsare
receivinganygrantoraidandinfacttheschoolsatKalyaniNagarand

Undri are recognized as unaided schools by the Government. He


submitted that all the three schools are recognized as minority

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y

institutionsasperthecertificatesissuedbytheStateGovernmentwhich
areannexedtothePetition.Hepointedoutthatthecampschoolin

om

cantonment area is constructed on a land leased by the Central


Government.HeurgedthatthereisaBuildingLeasedated24 thMarch
1970whichdisclosesthatapremiumwaspaidandthereisaclausefor
renewaloftheleasewithcorrespondingincreaseintherent. He
urgedthatthereisnomaterialonrecordtoshowthatanyconcession
hasbeengrantedinthematterofpaymentofleaserent.Hesubmitted
thatintheimpugnedordereventheschoolsatKalyaniNagarandUndri
have been included and for the first time in this Petition, 3 rd to 5th
Respondentshavecontendedthatthesaidschoolsareaidedschoolsas
theyarereceivingconcessioninpaymentofpropertytaxes.Heurged

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thattheschoolshavebeenpayingpropertytaxesattheprescribedrates

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whichareapplicabletoalltheschoolsinthejurisdictionofthelocal

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authority. Hesubmittedthatconsideringthefactthat education

beingacharitableactivity,alltheschoolshavebeenchargedproperty
taxesataparticularratewhichisbeingpaidbythePetitioners. He
urgedthatasfarastheschoolsinthecantonmentareaandKalyani

ig
h

Nagarareconcerned,theZillaParishaddoesnothavejurisdictionover
thoseareas.Hesubmittedthatastheschoolsinquestionareunaided

tothem.

minorityschools,theprovisionsoftheEducationActarenotapplicable

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SUBMISSIONSINWRITPETITIONNO.6710OF
2013

om

24.

Learned senior counsel appearing for the Petitioners

submittedthattheEducationOfficerhascreatedconfusionbyignoring
thattherearethreedistinctschoolsrunbythePetitioners. Thefirst
school isSaraswatiVidyalayaUnion PrePrimaryand PrimarySchool
(EnglishMedium)whichisanunaidedminorityschool. Thesecond
schoolisSaraswatiVidyalaya UnionPrimarySchool(TamilMedium)
which is an aided minority school. The third school is Saraswati
VidyalayaUnionHighSchoolandJuniorCollegewhichconductsclasses
fromstandardsVtoXIIwhichisreceivingsalarygrantsfromtheZilla
Parishad,Pune,thefirstRespondent.Hepointedoutthatnoneofthe

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benefitsunderthe MiddayMealSchemeorSarvaShikshaAbhiyaan

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havebeenreceivedbytheEnglishmediumPrimarySchool.Heurged

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thatthereisabsolutelynomaterialonrecordtoshowthattheEnglish
mediumPrimarySchoolreceivesanyaidorgrantandthatthegrantin
aidreceivedbyothertwoschoolscannotbetakenintoconsideration.
Hepointedoutthateventwentycomputersandtwoprintersprovided

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underthefundsofMemberofParliamentweregiventothehighschool.
HepointedoutthattheplaygroundofPuneMunicipalCorporationisa
publicplaygroundwhichisbeingusedbythestudentsaswellasthe

residentsoftheadjoiningareas. HeurgedthattheEnglishmedium
PrimarySchoolpayspropertytaxesattheratefixedbytheAppropriate

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y

Government. He,therefore,urgedthattheEnglishmediumPrimary
School being unaided minority school will not be governed by the

om

EducationAct.

WRITPETITIONNO.7505OF2013

25.

The learned counsel appearing for the Petitioners again

relieduponthedecisionoftheApexCourtinthecaseof Societyfor
UnaidedPrivateSchoolofRajasthanVs.UnionofIndia andurgedthat
the4thPetitionerSchoolisanunaidedminorityeducationalinstitution
towhichtheprovisionsoftheEducationActarenotapplicable.

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ThelearnedcounselappearingforthePetitionershasnot

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26.

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SUBMISSIONS IN WRIT PETITION ST. NO.27990


OF2013

made separate legal submissions and he has adopted the legal


submissionsmadeintheotherPetitions.

We have given careful consideration to the submissions.

27.

ig
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CONSIDERATION OF SUBMISSIONS ON THE


QUESTION WHETHER THE PROVISIONS OF
THEEDUCATIONACTAREAPPLICABLETOTHE
MINORITYUNAIDEDSCHOOLS

We have perused the averments made in the Petitions, reply and

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documentsonrecord.Thefirstissuewhicharisesforourconsideration
is whether the provisions of the Education Act are applicable to the

om

minorityunaidedschools. Therefore,itwillbenecessarytomakea
referencetothedecisionoftheApexCourtinthecaseofSocietyfor
UnaidedPrivateSchoolofRajasthanv.UnionofIndia. Themajority
viewwasexpressedbyS.H.Kapadia,CJ(ashethenwas)forhimself
andonbehalfofSwatanterKumar,J.ThethirdHon'bleJudge(K.S.P.
Radhakrishnan, J) has partly dissented. The majority judgment
considersvariousissues. The majority decision specifically considers
theissueofvalidityandapplicabilityoftheEducationActquaunaided
minorityschools. In paragraph62,themajorityjudgmentholdsas
under:

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62. Reservations of 25% in such unaided


minorityschoolsresultinchangingthecharacterof
theschoolsifrighttoestablishandadministersuch
schools flows from the right to conserve the
language,scriptorculture,whichrightisconferred
onsuchunaidedminorityschools.Thus,the2009
Act including Section 12(1)(c) violates the right
conferredonsuchunaidedminorityschoolsunder
Article30(1).

Inparagraph63ofthemajoritydecision,itisheldthattheEducation

ig
h

Actisconstitutionallyvalidquaaidedminorityschools.Inparagraph
64 of the said decision, the conclusions of the majority view are

summedup.Paragraph64readsthus:

om

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64. 20. Accordingly, we hold that the Right of


ChildrentoFreeandCompulsoryEducationAct,2009
is constitutionally valid and shall apply to the
following:
(i)

a school established, owned or


controlled by the appropriate
Governmentoralocalauthority;

(ii)

an aided school including aided


minority school(s) receiving aid
orgrantstomeetwholeorpartof
itsexpensesfromtheappropriate
Government or the local
authority;

(iii)

a school belonging to specified


category;and

(iv)

anunaidednonminorityschoolnot
receivinganykindofaidorgrants
to meet its expenses from the
appropriateGovernmentorthelocal
authority.

(emphasisadded)

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Inparagraph65,themajorityviewproceedstoholdasunder:

On conjoint reading of paragraphs 64 and 65 of the

28.

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65. However, the said 2009 Act and in


particular Sections 12(1)(c) and 18(3)
infringes the fundamental freedom
guaranteed to unaided minority schools
under Article 30(1) and, consequently,
applyingtheR.M.D.Chamarbaugwallav.Union
ofIndiaMANU/SC/0020/1957:1957SCR930
principleofseverability,thesaid2009Actshall
notapplytosuchschools.
(emphasisadded)

majorityview,wefindthatthereisacategoricalpronouncementoflaw

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y

thattheEducationActquaunaidedminorityschoolsisnotvalidand,
therefore, the Education Act will not apply to the unaided minority
schools.Theminorityviewholdsthatincaseofunaidednonminority

om

aswellasunaidedminorityeducationalinstitutions,clause(c)ofSub
section(1)ofSection12willhavetobereaddownbyholdingthatit
can be given effect to only on the principles of voluntariness and
conscienceandnotoncompulsionorthreatofnonrecognition.Thus,
theminorityviewholdsthatClause(c)ofSubsection(1)ofSection12
of the Education Act insofar as it relates to both nonminority and
minorityunaidedschoolsisdirectoryandnotmandatoryTherefore,
goingbythemajorityview,theEducationActisnotapplicabletothe
unaidedminorityschools.

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29.

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CONSIDERATIONOFTHESECONDQUESTION:
WHATISTHEMEANINGOFAIDORGRANTS
UNDERTHEEDUCATIONACT

Thesecondissuewhichwillnowariseforconsiderationis

whetherthe schoolswithwhichweareconcernedcanbetermedas
unaidedminorityschools.Ifanswertothesaidquestionisthatthe
schools are unaided minority schools, then none of the impugned

ig
h

orders/notices/oractionscanbevalidastheyproceedonthefooting
that the Education Act is applicable to the schools concerned. For

decidingthesaidissueitisnecessarytoconsiderthemeaningofaid
orgrantsundertheEducationAct. Itwillbenecessarytomakea

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referencetocertainrelevantprovisionsofEducationAct.

om

30.

Clause(n)ofSection2oftheEducationActreadsthus:
2(n) "school"meansanyrecognisedschoolimparting
elementaryeducationandincludes
(i)

a school established, owned or controlled


bytheappropriate Governmentoralocal
authority;

(ii)

anaidedschoolreceivingaidorgrantsto
meetwholeorpartofitsexpensesfromthe
appropriate Government or the local
authority;

(iii)

a school belonging to specified category;


and

(iv)

anunaidedschoolnotreceivinganykindof
aidorgrantstomeetitsexpensesfromthe
appropriate Government or the local
authority.
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InthesePetitions,weareconcernedwithsubClause(iv)of

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clause(n)ofSection2oftheEducationAct.Clause(iv)isacategory
of recognized schools imparting elementary education which are

unaidednotreceivinganykindofaidorgrantstomeetitsexpenses

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fromtheAppropriateGovernmentortheLocalAuthority.

31.TheAppropriateGovernmentisdefinedunderClause(a)
ofSection2oftheEducationActwhichreadsthus:
appropriateGovernmentmeans

om

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2(a)

(i)

in relation to a school established,


owned or controlled by the Central
Government,ortheadministratorofthe
Union territory, having no legislature,
theCentralGovernment;

(ii)

in relation to a school, other than the


school referred to in subclause (I),
establishedwithintheterritoryof
(A) aState,theStateGovernment;

(B) a Union territory having


legislature, the Government of
thatUnionterritory.
32.

In the case in hand, none of the schools have been

established, owned or controlled by the Central Government or the


AdministratorofanyUnionTerritoryhavingnolegislature.Noneof
the schools have been established in any union territory having
legislature.Therefore,alltheschoolssubjectmatterofthesePetitions
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will be governed by Clause (A) of clause (ii) of Section 2(a) of the

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EducationActandtherefore,incaseofalltheschoolswhicharesubject

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matterofthesePetitions,theStateGovernmentwillbetheappropriate
Government. Hence,evenassumingthatanyoftheschoolssubject
matterofthesePetitionsarereceivinganyaidorgrantfromtheCentral
Government,thesamewillnotbeaidorgrantswithinthemeaningof

33.

ig
h

theEducationAct.

Clause(h)ofSection2ofthe EducationActdefinesthe

LocalAuthoritywhichreadsthus:

om

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2(h) local authority means a Municipal


CorporationorMunicipalCouncilorZilaParishad
or Nagar Panchayat or Panchayat, by whatever
namecalled,andincludessuchotherauthorityor
bodyhavingadministrativecontrolovertheschool
or empowered by or under any law for the time
beinginforcetofunctionasalocalauthorityinany
city,townorvillage;

Thus,theLocalAuthoritymeansaMunicipalCorporation
oraMunicipalCounciloraZillaParishadoraNagarPanchayator a
Panchayat. It will include such other Authority or body having
administrativecontrolovertheschool.

34.

ItwillbealsonecessarytomakeareferencetoSection12

oftheEducationAct,whichreadsthus:

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ForthepurposesofthisAct,aschool,
(a)

specifiedinsubclause(i)ofclause(n)
of section 2 shall provide free and
compulsory elementary education to
allchildrenadmittedtherein;

(b)

specified in subclause (ii) of clause


(n)ofsection2shallprovidefreeand
compulsory elementary education to
such proportion of children admitted
thereinasitsannualrecurringaidor
grantssoreceivedbearstoitsannual
recurring expenses, subject to a
minimumoftwentyfivepercent.;

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(1)

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12. Extent of school's responsibility for free and


compulsoryeducation

om

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(c)

specified in subclauses (iii) and (iv)


ofclause(n)ofsection2shalladmit
in class I, to the extent of at least
twentyfivepercent.ofthestrengthof
that class, children belonging to
weaker section and disadvantaged
group in the neighbourhood and
provide free and compulsory
elementary education till its
completion:

Provided further that where a school


specified in clause (n)of section 2imparts
preschool education, the provisions of
clauses(a)to(c)shallapplyforadmissionto
suchpreschooleducation.
(2)

The school specified in subclause (iv) of


clause (n) of section 2 providing free and
compulsory elementary education as
specifiedinclause(c)ofsubsection(1)shall
bereimbursedexpendituresoincurredbyit
to the extent of perchildexpenditure
incurredbytheState,ortheactualamount

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chargedfromthechild,whicheverisless,in
suchmannerasmaybeprescribed:

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Providedthatsuchreimbursementshallnot
exceed perchildexpenditure incurred by a
school specified in subclause (i) of clause
(n)ofsection2:

Everyschoolshallprovidesuchinformation
as may be required by the appropriate
Government or the local authority, as the
casemaybe.

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(3)

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Provided further that where such school is


already under obligation to provide free
educationtoaspecifiednumberofchildren
on account of it having received any land,
building,equipmentorotherfacilities,either
free of cost or at a concessional rate, such
school shall not be entitled for
reimbursement to the extent of such
obligation.

35.

Clause(c)ofSubsection(1)ofSection12oftheEducation

ActappliestotheschoolsspecifiedinSubclause(iv)ofClause(n)of

om

Section 2 of the Education Act. Subclause (iv) is the category of


unaided schools not receiving any kind of grants or aid to meet its
expenses either from the Appropriate Government or from the Local
Authority. InviewofthedecisionoftheApexCourtinthecaseof
Societyfor UnaidedPrivateSchoolofRajasthanVs.UnionofIndia,the
Education Act will not apply to an unaided minority school.
Consequently, Clause (c) of Subsection (1) of Section 12 of the
Education Act which applies to unaided schools will not apply to
unaidedminorityschools.

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ItistruethattheEducationActdoesnotdefineanunaided

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36.

33

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school.However,onthisaspect,itwillbenecessarytogobacktothe
Subclauses(ii)and(iv)ofClause(n)ofSection2oftheEducationAct.
Subclause (ii) indicates that an aided school is the one which is
receivingaidorgrantstomeetwholeorpartofitsexpensesfromthe

ig
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Appropriate Government or the Local Authority. Correspondingly,


Clause (iv) provides that an unaided school is the one which is not
receivinganykindofaidorgrantstomeetitsexpenseseitherfromthe

AppropriateGovernmentorfromtheLocalAuthority.Thus,goingby
Subclauses(ii)and(iv)ofClause(n)ofSection2oftheEducationAct,

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aschoolbecomesanaidedschoolprovideditisreceivingaidorgrants
tomeetwholeorpartofitsexpenses.Thus,receivinganyaidorgrants

om

willnotmakeaschoolanaidedschoolwithinthemeaningof sub
clause(ii)ofClause(n)ofSection2oftheEducationActunlesstheaid
or grant is received either from the Appropriate Government or the
LocalAuthoritytomeetwholeorpartofitsexpenses.

37.

It will be also necessary to look at Section 12 of the

EducationAct.Asstatedearlier,Subsection(2)ofSection12ofthe
EducationActdealsonlywiththeunaidedschoolswithinthemeaning
ofSubclause(iv)ofClause(n)ofSection2oftheEducationAct.Such
schoolsarerequiredtoadmitinClassItotheextentofatleast25%of

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the strength of that class, children belonging to weaker section and

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disadvantaged group in the neighbourhood and to provide free and

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compulsoryelementaryeducationtothemtillitscompletion. Sub

section(2)ofSection12oftheEducationActprovidesthatanunaided
school specified in Subclause (iv) of Clause (n) of Section 2 of the
EducationActprovidingfreeandcompulsoryelementaryeducationas

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specifiedinClause(c)ofSubsection(1)ofSection12oftheEducation
Actisentitledtoreimbursementoftheexpendituresoincurredbyitto
theextentofperchildexpenditureincurredbytheState,ortheactual

amountchargedfromthechild,whicheverisless.Thesecondproviso
to Subsection (2) of Section 12 of the Education Act provides that

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y

where such a school is already under an obligation to provide free


education to a specified number of children on account of it having

om

receivedanyland,building,equipmentorotherfacilities,eitherfreeof
cost or at a concessional rate, such school shall not be entitled for
reimbursementtotheextentofsuchobligation. Wemustnotehere
thatSubsection(2)isapplicableonlytotheschoolsspecifiedinSub
clause (iv) of Clause (n) of Section 2 of the Education Act in the
categoryofunaidedschoolsnotreceivinganykindofaidorgrantsto
meetitsexpenses.ThesecondprovisotoSubsection(2),therefore,is
applicableonlytoanunaidedschoolwithinthemeaningofSubclause
(iv)ofClause(n)ofSection2oftheEducationAct.Thesecondproviso
shows that in the category of unaided schools there can be schools

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whichhavereceivedanyland,building,equipmentorotherfacilities,

rt

either free of cost or at a concessional rate. This shows that the

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legislatureneverintendedtotreataschoolwhichhasreceivedaland,
building, equipment or other facilities either free of cost or at a
concessionalrate,asaidedschools. Subsection(2)appliesonlyto
unaidedschoolsasprovidedinSubclause(iv)ofClause(n)ofSection

ig
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2oftheEducationActandtherefore,thesecondprovisoalsoapplies
onlytosuchunaidedschools. Itfollowsthatmerelybecauseaschool
hasreceivedanylandorbuildingorequipmentorotherfacilitieseither

freeofcostorataconcessionalrate,thesaidschooldoesnotceaseto
beanunaidedschool.Ifintentionofthelegislaturewastotreatsucha

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y

school receiving land, building, equipment or other facilities as


aforesaidasanaidedschool,therewasnoreasontoincorporatethe

om

secondprovisowhichappliesonlytounaidedschoolsspecifiedinSub
clause(iv)ofClause(n)ofSection2oftheEducationAct.Thus,going
backtoSubclause(iv)ofClause(n)ofSection2oftheEducationAct,
aschoolbecomesunaidedschoolprovideditisnotreceivinganykind
ofaidorgrantstomeetitsexpensesfromtheAppropriateGovernment
ortheLocalAuthority.Evenifsuchschoolhasreceivedland,building
or equipment at a concessional rate or free of cost, such a school
continuestobeunaidedschoolsolongasitdoesnotreceiveanyaidor
grants to meet its whole or part of expenses from Appropriate
Governmentorthelocalauthority.Ifinterpretationsoughttobeputby

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someoftheRespondentsthataschoolwhichhasreceivedanyland,

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building, equipment or other facilities either free of cost or at a

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concessionalratebecomesaidedschoolisaccepted,thesecondproviso

to Subsection (2) of Section 12 of the Education Act becomes


completelyredundant.Theintentionofthelegislaturewhichcanbe
gatheredfromthesecondprovisotoSubsection(2)ofSection12of

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h

theEducationActiscrystalclear.Itneverintendedtotreataschoolas
an aided school which is not receiving aid or grants from the
AppropriateGovernmentorlocalauthoritytomeetitsexpenses,buthas

receivedaland,buildingorequipmentorotherfacilitieseitherfreeof
costorataconcessionalrate.Thus,aschoolwhichisreceivingaidor

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y

grantstomeetwholeorpartofitsexpensescanbesaidtobeanaided
school within the meaning of the Education Act. Thus, a school

om

becomesanaidedschoolprovideditreceivesaidorgrantsintermsof
moneytomeetitsexpenditure.Theaidintheformofaland,building,
equipmentoranyotherfacilitiesbyitselfwillnotbeanaidorgrants
withinthemeaningofSubclause(iv)ofClause(n)ofSection2ofthe
EducationAct.
38.

Thus,onplainreadingoftheprovisionsoftheEducation

Act,aschoolbecomesaidedschoolprovideditreceivesaidorgrantsin
termsofmoneytomeetwholeorpartofitsexpenses. Obviously,for
runningaschool,thereisarecurringexpenditureonthepaymentof
salaries and allowances to the teaching and nonteaching staff,

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maintenanceoftheschoolbuilding,and purchaseofarticlessuchas

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stationaryetcrequiredfordaytodayfunctioningoftheschool.Ifany

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amountisreceivedbyaschooleitherfromanAppropriateGovernment
or a local authority to meet whole or a part of such expenditure, a
schoolcanbetreatedasanaidedschool.

IntheStateofMaharashtra,theSecondarySchoolsCode

ig
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39.

containsprovisionsforgrantsoraid. Paragraph92.1dealswith
grantstovocationalandtechnicalschools.Itprovidesthatvocational

andtechnicalhighschoolssubjecttoavailabilityoffundswillbeeligible
for maintenance grant on their total admissible expenditure in

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accordance with the formula laid down therein. The Secondary


Schools Code provides for payment of salary grants and nonsalary

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grants. Paragraph 101.1 provides for release of building grants to


managements of the schools for erecting, purchasing, extending or
reconstructing the school buildings. Paragraph 101.8 provides for
paymentofgrantforpurchaseofsites.Paragraph101.9providesfor
grantinaid for building hostels, laboratories, libraries, observatories,
schoolworkshopsorgymnasiaorforprovidingplaygroundsprovided
the funds are available. Clause 105 provides that expenditure on
equipmentsuchasschoolfurniture,library,laboratory,workshop,audio
visual and other teaching aid including equipments on craft will be
shows shown under ordinary expenditure for the year and will be

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admissible for nonsalary grant subject to further conditions

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incorporatedtherein.Paragraph106.1providesforgrantformeeting

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reasonable expenditure on hostels attached to secondary schools in

ruralareas,suchassalariesorallowancesofthehostelsuperintendent
and his assistants, if any, the rent of the hostel building and other
necessary expenditures connected with the proper management of

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hostel.Therefore,thegrantcontemplatedundertheSecondarySchools
Codetoarecognizedschoolisagrantintermsofmoneyformeeting
theexpenditureincurredbythemanagementsoftheschools.There

areRulesframedundertheBombayPrimaryEducationAct,1947.The
saidRulesaretheBombayPrimaryEducationRules,1949(forshort

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y

thesaidRulesof1949)whichapplytotheprimaryschoolsunderthe
control of Municipal School Boards under the Bombay Primary

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EducationAct,1947.Rule115ofthesaidRulesof1949providesthat
normallygrantpaidtoanapprovedprivateschoolinanyyearisthe
grant for that year and shall be calculated on the basis of the total
admissibleexpenditureoftheprecedingyear.VariousSubrulesofRule
115 provide that the grantinaid is provided for payment of actual
expenditure on salaries of teaching and nonteaching staff, leave
salaries,providentfundscontribution,amountofrent,taxes,insurance
ofthebuildingandplaygrounds,officeexpendituresuchasprintingof
letterheads, etc., furniture and equipments, repairs to the school
building,electricitychargesandmedicalcharges.Thereisaseparate

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grantinCode which is applicable to primary schools under the

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MunicipalCorporationofGreaterBombay.ChapterIIIandinparticular

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Rule45thereofprovidesthatwhileassessingthegrantinaidinfavour
of the schools, the expenditure incurred on salaries of teaching and
nonteachingstaff,rentpaidforthebuildings,moneyspentonbooks,
prizes and equipments for schools, gathering, excursion and

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expenditureonordinaryrepairsofthebuildingarethecategoriesofthe
expendituresforwhichthegrantinaidwillbepayable.

Thus, the scheme of all the aforesaid provisions of the

40.

Rulesappearstobethatthegrantinaidismadepayabletotheschools

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y

formeetingtheexpensesforrunningtheschoolthemostofwhichisof
arecurringnature.Thus,theconceptofgrantsoraidappearstobe

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payment of amounts for meeting the expenditure of the schools on


variousheadswhichwehavediscussedabove.

41.

Atthisstage,itwillbenecessarytomakeareferencetothe

submissionsmadebythelearnedAdditionalSolicitorGeneralofIndia
aswellasthelearnedGovernmentPleaderonthemeaningofaidor
grants under the Education Act. The learned Additional Solicitor
GeneralofIndiastatedthatthoughhehasnotreceivedanyinstructions
fromtheUnionofIndia,heisadvancingsubmissionsasanofficerof
thisCourt. Hisbasicsubmissionisthatthewordsaidorgrants

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under the Education Act must be given widest possible meaning to

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includeeverykindofgrantoraidwhetherdirectorindirect.Herelied

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uponadecisionoftheApexCourtinthecaseofGramophoneCompany
ofIndiaLimitedv.Birendra BahadurPandeyandOthers 2 insupportof
hissubmissions.Relyinguponthesaiddecision,hesubmittedthatthe
wordsinastatutecannotbealwaysinterpretedasperitsdictionary

ig
h

meaningandsuchwordstakecolourfromthecontext.Healsorelied
uponadecisionofthelearnedSingleJudgeofthisCourtinthecaseof
The Appellate Authority & Chairman Shikshan Prasarak Mandal and

Anotherv.StateInformationCommissionerandAnother 3.Hesubmitted
thattheinterpretationofthewordaidinthesaiddecisionwillhaveto

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beaccepted.

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42.

Itistruethatthemeaningtothewordaidorgrantswill

havetobeassignedinthecontextoftheprovisionsoftheEducation
Act.Wehaveextensivelydiscussedthesaidaspectintheearlierpartof
thejudgmentand,infact,wehaveheldthatconsideringthesecond
provisotoSubsection(2)ofSection12oftheEducationAct,agrant
of land, building, equipment or other facilities free of cost or at a
concessionalrateisneitheragrantnoranaidwithinthemeaningof
Subclauses(ii)and(iv)ofClause(n)ofSection2oftheEducationAct.
ThelearnedSingleJudgeinthecaseofAppellateAuthority&Chairman
2 AIR 1984 SC 667
3 WP No.26 of 2011 decided on 18th October 2012

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ShikshanPrasarakMandalconsideredtheconceptofthetermaidin

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lightoftheobjectsoftheRighttoInformationAct,2005andespecially

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inthecontextofthedefinitionofthetermpublicauthorityunderthe

saidActof2005.Theemphasisonthesaiddefinitionisondirector
indirect funding provided by the Appropriate Government. It is held
that an educational institution which receives grantinaid from the

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StateisabodysubstantiallyfinancedbytheState.Inthepresentcase,
goingbytheprovisionsoftheEducationAct,receivinganyaidorgrant
eveninindirectmannerdoesnotmakeaschoolanaidedschool.The

aid or grant has to be for meeting the whole or part of it expenses


which is received from the Appropriate Government or the Local

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Authority.Weareoftheviewthatnootherinterpretationispossible
exceptthe onewhichwe havetriedtogive consideringthe context.

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Thewordsaidorgrantstakeacolourfromthecontext.

43.

The learned Government Pleader also stated that he has

not received any specific instructions from the State Government as


regardsthestandoftheStateGovernment.He,however,statedthat
he is making submissions as an officer of this Court. His first
submissionisthatSection35oftheEducationActgivespowerstothe
CentralGovernmenttoissueguidelinestotheAppropriateGovernment
or to the Local Authority for the purposes of implementation of the
provisionsoftheEducationAct. Thereareprovisionsforconstituting

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NationalAdvisoryCouncilandStateAdvisoryCouncil. Therefore,his

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submissionisthattheinterpretationofthewordsaidorgrantshouldbe

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lefttotheauthoritiesundertheEducationAct.Withoutprejudicetothe

saidcontention,hesubmittedthataschoolbecomesanaidedschool
provideditreceivesgrantoraidtomeetitsrecurringexpenses. He
also derived support for this submission on the basis of the second

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provisotoSubsection(2)ofSection12oftheEducationAct.

44.Atthisstage,wemustmakeareferencetothedecisionofthe

ApexCourtrelieduponbyoneoftheRespondentsinthecaseofRohit
Pulp and Paper Mills Ltd. v. Collector of Central Excise, Baroda 4. He

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reliedupontheprinciplesofNosciturasociis. Itisurgedthatthe
meaningofthewordistobejudgedbythecompanyitkeeps. The

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submissionisthatthewordexpenseshastobegivenawidemeaning
soastoincludeanyhelptomeetanykindofexpenditure. Reliance
wasalsoplacedbythepartiesinsomeofthePetitionsonadecisionof
theConstitutionBenchoftheApexCourtinthecaseofInreTheKerala
Education Bill, 19575. The Kerala Education bill provided for a
definition of the aided school to mean a private school which is
recognizedbyandisreceivingaidfromtheGovernment. TheApex
Court considered the question in the context of Article 336 of the
Constitution of India. It was held that the amount received by the
4 (1990)3 SCC 447
5 AIR 1958 SC 956

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Anglo Indian Educational Institutions under Article 337 of the

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ConstitutionofIndiamustbeconstruedtomeanasanaidwithinthe

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meaningofKeralaEducationBill.Itwasheldthatthewordaidhas
notbeendefinedintheBilland,therefore,simpleEnglishwordshould
begivenitsordinaryandnaturalmeaning.

Inthepresentcase,thoughtheaidedorunaidedschools

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45.

maynothavebeendefined,thewordsaidorgrantsinSubclause(ii)
ofClause (n)ofSection2of the Education Actare qualifiedbythe

wordstomeetthewholeorpartofitsexpenses.Thewordsaidor
grants cannot be interpreted independently of the qualification to

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meetwholeorpartofitsexpensesprovidedunderSubclause(ii)of
Clause(n)ofSection2oftheEducationAct.Moreover,asheldbyus,

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thesecondprovisoisalsoapointerfortheinterpretation.Wehaveheld
that if wide meaning is assigned to the words aid or grants, the
secondprovisotoSubsection(2)ofSection12oftheEducationAct
becomesredundant.

46.Toconclude,aschoolbecomesanaidedschoolunderthe
EducationActprovideditreceivesaidorgrantsfromtheAppropriate
Governmentoralocalauthorityintermsofmoneytomeetitswholeor
partofexpenditure.Thus,aschoolbecomesanaidedschoolprovided
it receives aid or grants in terms of money to meet its recurring

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expenditure. The grant of land, building, equipment or any other

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facilitiesfreeofcostsorataconcessionalratebyitselfwillnotbeanaid

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orgrantwithinthemeaningofSubclause(iv)ofClause(n)ofSection
2oftheEducationAct.

FINDINGSONFACTUALASPECTS

47.

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WRITPETITIONNO.5576OF2012

Inthecontextofwhatwehaveheldaboveonthemeaning

ofthewordaidorgrants,nowwewillhavetoconsiderthefactsof

eachcases.FirstlywedealwithWritPetitionNo.5576of2012.We
havealreadyextensivelyreferredtothefactsofeachcases. Inthe

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impugned order dated 4th May 2013, the Education Officer accepted
thattheSt.MarysSchoolhasbeengivenminoritystatusbycertificate

Paragraph 2 of the operative part of the said order, the English


translationofwhichreadsthus:
2. Theschoolhasreceivedlandunderoldgrant
from Central Government admeasuring 4.750 +
2.880total7.630.ThereforeunderRTEAct,2009
clause 12C admission for weaker and under
privilege group has to be reserved and as per
GovernmentResolution15/03/2013completed.

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dated30thMarch2013.Theonlygroundheldagainsttheschoolisin

48.

Itwillbenecessarytomakeareferencetotheaverments

madeinthePetition.InParagraph7ofthePetition,itisstatedthat
thelandsonwhichthesaidschoolissituatedisintwoparts.Thefirst

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part admeasuring 1.49 acres, is held on lease from the Central

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Government and the remaining part, admeasuring 7.55 acres, is

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occupiedbytheBombayDiocesanTrustAssociationLimitedunderthe
OldGrantfromtheCentralGovernment.Atthisstage,areferencewill
havetobemadetothecommunicationdated7 thMarch2013addressed
bytheDefenceEstateOfficertothePrincipaloftheSt.MarysSchool

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whichisatExhibitBtothePetition.Itisstatedthatthelandisheldon
old grant term which provides that the occupants enjoy only the
occupancy rights and the Government retains the power with it to

resume the land whenever it requires it by issuing a notice to the


occupants.Theoldgrantisanatureoflandtenurewhichsignifiesthe

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termsandconditionsonwhichthelandisgranted. Referencetothe
wordsoldgranthasnothingtodowiththewordgrantoraidtoa

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school within the meaning of Education Act. The old grant is a


nomenclatureofalandtenurewhichisoftendistinguished fromthe
newgranttenure.Wemustmakeausefulreferencetothedecision
of the Apex Court in the case of Chief Executive Officer v. Surendra
KumarVakilandOthers6.ThesaiddecisionandinparticularParagraph
12explainsthenatureofoldgranttenure.Paragraph12readsthus:
12. Under the Cantonment Land Administration
Rules, 1925, General Land Registers are being
maintained in respect of Sagar Cantonment.
These registers were produced before the High
Court and were also produced before us. These
are old registers maintained in the form
6 (1999)3 SCC 555

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prescribed by the said Rules. In these registers,


the property in question is shown as being held
by S.N. Mukherjee on old grant basis. As
explained by Mittal in the passage cited above,
the tenures under which permission was
given to civilians to occupy government
land in the cantonments for construction of
bungalows on the condition of a right of
resumption of the ground, if required, came
to be known as old grant tenures. Such
tenures were given in accordance with the terms
of Order No. 179 issued by the Governor
General-in-Council in the year 1836. These
require that the ownership of land shall remain
with the Government and the land cannot be
sold by the grantee. Only the house or other
property thereon may be transferred. Such
transfers would require consent of the officer
commanding the station when the transfer is to a
person not belonging to the army. In respect of
old grant tenure, therefore, the Government
retains the right of resumption of land.

(emphasisadded)

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Therefore, the Education Officer has committed a gross error by


completelyignoringthattheoldgrantisalandtenureandnotagrant

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inthatsense. Theportionofthelandheldonleaseisunderalease
executed by the Central Government which is not an Appropriate
Government. Hence,inanyevent,whatisreceivedfromtheCentral
GovernmentwillnotbeagrantoraidundertheEducationActasitis
nottheappropriateGovernmentforanyschoolsubjectmatterofthe
Petitions.
49.

Atthisstage,wemustmakeareferencetotheaffidavitin

reply filed by the Education Officer. In the first reply, the main
contentionisregardingpoweroftheEducationOfficer.Itiscontended
thatreasonableopportunityofbeingheardwasgiventothePetitioners.

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LearnedcounselappearingforthePetitionershasplacedonrecorda

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letterdated21stAugust2013sentbytheChiefExecutiveOfficerofthe

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CantonmentBoard addressedtothePrincipaloftheschoolinwhich
thereisacategoricalstatementthatnoconcessionhasbeengrantedto
theschoolinthematterofpaymentofpropertytaxes.
50.

Therefore, the order of the Education Officer is

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unsustainableanditwillhavetobeheldthattheSt.MarysSchoolisan
unaidedminorityschoolandhence,theprovisionsoftheEducationAct

andinparticular,theprovisionsofSection12oftheEducationActwill

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havenoapplication.Hence,thePetitionmustsucceed.

WRITPETITIONNO.6710OF2013

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51.

NowwedealwithWritPetitionNo.6710of2013.Wehave

alreadyadvertedtothefactsofthecase.Relyinguponthedocuments
atExhibitJandJ1toJ45,itwascontendedthatintheyear2012
2013, admissions were granted by the Petitioners to the English
mediumschool(SaraswatiVidyalayaUnionPreprimaryandprimary
School)in25%quotaand,therefore,itwasacceptedbythePetitioners
that the said school will be governed by the Education Act and in
particularClause(c)ofSubsection(1)ofSection12oftheEducation
Act.VariousexplanationsareofferedbythePetitioners.Wemustnote
herethattheissueiswhethertheEducationActisapplicabletothe

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school in question. Merely because in the year 20122013, the

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Petitionersgrantedadmissionsagainst25%quotaprovidedbyClause

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(c) of Section 12(1) of the Education Act to the children of weaker


sectionanddisadvantagedgroup,therecannotbeanestoppelagainst
thestatuteandtheissueregardingapplicabilityoftheEducationAct
willhavetobedecidedonmerits.However,wemustnoteherethat

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thelearnedseniorcounselappearingforthePetitionersoninstructions
statedthatthefeesreceivedbytheschoolintheyear20132014from
thesaid45studentswhowereadmittedintheyear20122013shallbe

refunded to the concerned students. The said statement is made


withoutprejudicetotherightsandcontentionsofthePetitioners. We

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acceptthestatementandaccordinglyweproposetodirectthatifthe
feesarenotrefundedtilltoday,thesameshallberefundedwithina

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periodoftwomonthsfromthedateofthejudgment.

52.

Inparagraph3oftheWritPetition,aspecificcaseismade

out that the first Petitioner Society is running three distinct schools
whichareasunder:

(i)

The Saraswati Vidyalaya Union PrePrimary and


Primary School (English Medium) (for short
English medium school). It is stated that it is
privateunaidedminorityschool;

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49

The Saraswati Vidyalaya Union Primary School

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(ii)

wp-5576,4479,6710,7505n27990.13

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(TamilMedium)(forshortTamilmediumschool)
whichisstatedtobeaprivateaidedminorityschool

establishedforprovidingeducationtothechildren

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especiallyinTamillanguage;and

(iii)

The Saraswati Vidyalaya Union High School and


JuniorCollege(forshortHighSchool)whichruns

theclassesfromstandardsVtoXII.

Some of the impugned communications proceed on the

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53.

footingthereisonlyoneschool.Infactitistriedtobecontendedthat

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artificially it is shown that the Primary and Secondary schools are


separate by giving fresh admissions to the students in standard V.
However,theaffidavitinreplyoftheEducationOfficer(Primary)ofthe
PuneZillaParishadacceptsthatthetheSaraswatiVidyalayaUnionPre
PrimaryandPrimarySchool(Englishmediumschool)isaseparate
schoolanditiscontendedinparagraph4thatthesaidschooloughtto
havebeenmadeaPetitioner.Inparagraphs9and14ofthereplyitis
acceptedthattheEnglishmediumschoolisaseparateschool.Eventhe
affidavit filed on behalf of the School Board of the Pune Municipal
Corporation accepts the fact that the English medium school is a

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separateschool.Inparagraph4ofthereply,aspecificcontentionhas

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been raised that the said English medium school should have been

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madeapartyPetitioner.InParagraph6ofthereply,thereisareference
madetothreedistinctschoolsofthePetitionersbeingaprimaryschool,
ahighschoolandjuniorcollegeaswellasaseniorcollege. Inthe

reply,itisnotthecasemadeoutthattheEnglishmediumschoolisnot

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adifferentschoolandthatitisapartofthesecondaryschool.Onthe
contrary,repeatedly,thereisareferencetoEnglishmediumschoolby
treatingthesameasaseparateschool.ExhibitR3whichisannexed

tothesaidreplyisareportsubmittedbytheAssistantEducationHead
oftheSchoolBoardtotheEducationBoard. Page325ofthesaid

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replyspecificallyreferstopreprimaryandprimaryschoolconsistingof

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classesfromLKGtoStandardV.

54.

WehaveperusedthereplyfiledbytheRespondentNo.7.

Even in the said reply, a separate existence of the English medium


school is not disputed. Apart from the undisputed position which
emergesfromthereplyoftheEducationOfficerandtheSchoolBoard,
therearelargenumberofdocumentsannexedtothePetitiontoshow
theexistenceofthethreeseparateschools.Inviewoftheundisputed
factual position, we are not making a reference to large number of
documents.

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55. Therefore,wewillhavetoconsiderwhethertheEnglish

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MediumSchoolisanunaidedminorityschool. Itwillbenecessary

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nowtomakeareferencetotheimpugnedcommunications.Itisalleged
thereinthatonthefollowinggroundstheschoolwillhavetobetreated
asanaidedschool.

Theschoolsarereceivingsalarygrants;

(ii)

TheschoolshavereceivedamountsunderSarva

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(i)

ShikshaAbhiyanandMiddaymealscheme;

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(iii)

(iv)

The schools have received 20 computers and 2


printers from the funds of a Member of
Parliament;

The schools are using a playground made


availablebytheMunicipalCorporation.

56.

In the subsequent communication/order dated 3 rd June

2013(ExhibitWtothePetition),againitisreiteratedthatthereare
preprimary and primary, high school and junior and senior college
sections in the school. The gist of what is stated in the said
communicationisasunder:

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TheschoolisreceivingGovernmentaidandgrants;

(b)

The school has received 20 computers and 2

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(a)

printersfromthefundsofaMemberofParliament;

A playground has been made available to the

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(c)

school by the Municipal Corporation of City of

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(d)

Pune;

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(e)

A direction is issued to refund the fees of 45


studentscollectedintheyear20132014;

Furtherdirectionisissuedtoadmitstudentsagainst
25%quotaasperClause(c)ofSubsection(1)of

Section12oftheEducationAct;

(f)

Further direction is that separate action will be


taken as regards the collection of caution money
andrunningadditionaldivisionof4thstandard.

57.

Wemustnoteherethatthereisnotasingledocument

producedonrecordbyanyoftheRespondentstoshowthat(a)any

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53

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grantsoraidfromtheStateGovernmentorlocalauthorityintermsof

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moneyhavebeenreceivedbytheEnglishmediumschool;(b)the20

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computersand2printershavebeenreceivedbytheEnglishmedium
school; (c) the municipal playground has been made available
exclusivelytotheEnglishmediumschoolofthePetitionersand(d)any
amounthasbeenreceivedbytheEnglishmediumschooleitherunder

Inthereplyfiledbythe7 thRespondent,severaldocuments

58.

ig
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theSarvaShikshanAbhiyanorundertheMiddaymealscheme.

havebeenannexedincludingtheauditedaccountsofthePetitioners.
Thesaidauditedaccountsitselfshowthatthereareseparateaccounts

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andseparatebudgetsoftheEnglishMediumSchool,theTamilmedium
schoolandtheHighSchool.Thesalarygrantsandnonsalarygrants

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havebeenreceivedbytheHighSchoolandnotbytheEnglishmedium
school.Tothesaidreply,aletterdated17 thApril1995addressedby
theAssistantCommissionerofPuneMunicipalCorporationtotheVice
PresidentofthefirstPetitionerhasbeenannexed.Thesaidletteritself
recordsthatthemunicipalplaygroundwillbemadeavailabletothe
firstPetitioneronlytoenablethechildrentoplayonit. Theletter
specificallyrecordsthattheplaygroundwasnotbeinggiveneitheron
thebasisofanagreementoronrent.Thissupportsthespecificcase
madeoutbythePetitionersthattheplaygroundhasnotbeengivento
theschoolsforexclusiveuseandtheschoolshavenorightinrespectof

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theplayground.Itismerelyafacilitygranted.Inthereplyofthe6 th

59.

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exemptiontotheschoolfrompaymentofpropertytax.

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RespondentitiscontendedthattheMunicipalCorporationhasgranted

Inviewoftheinterpretationwhichwehavemade,even

assumingthatwhatisallegedintheimpugnedcommunicationswhich

ig
h

wehavesummarisedinparagraphs55and56above iscorrect,the
Englishmediumschoolcannotbeanaidedschoolwithinthemeaning
oftheEducationAct.Intheimpugnedcommunicationdated3 rdJune

2013,theminoritystatusoftheschoolhasbeenadmitted.Therefore,

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theEducationActisnotapplicabletotheEnglishmediumschool.

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WRITPETITIONNO.4479OF2013

60.

Now,weturntoWritPetitionNo.4479of2013.Wehave

alreadyreferredtothefactsofthecase.ThechallengeinthisPetition
istovariouscommunicationswhichwehavesetoutearlier.Themain
communicationisdated14th/22nd February2013issuedbytheBlock
Educationofficer,PanchayatSamiti,Haveli,Pune,totheHeadMasterof
the Bishop's School. The only contention raised in the said
communicationisthatthelandonwhichtheschoolissituatedisowned
bytheCentralGovernmentandthesaidlandhasbeengivenonleaseto
theschool.InthefirstaffidavitinreplyfiledbyShriSunilJ.Kurhade,

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InchargeEducationOfficer(Primary),PuneZillaParishad,Pune,itis

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contendedthatthelandisleasedatanominalrateofRs.2,400/per

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yearandthesaidschoolhasavailedthegrantinaidforconstruction
undertheOldGrantSchemefromtheStateGovernment.Itisaccepted
thattheschoolisaminorityschool.Additionalaffidavitinreplyofthe
3rd Respondent again affirmed by Shri Sunil J. Kurhade is more

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elaborate. FirstlyitiscontendedthattheschoolatKalyaniNagaris
assessedataconcessionalrateforpropertytaxes.Thesecondground
is that the rent is shown to have been received from the said three

schools in the audit report of the Bishop's Education Society. The


specificstandisthattherenthasbeenreceivedfromtheschoolsbythe

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y

Government.Wefailtounderstandhowthesefactswillshowthatthe
schoolsareaidedschools. Tothesaidreply,ExhibitR1istheletter

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addressedbytheInspectorofPuneMunicipalCorporationtoAdvocate
ShriNileshBoradeinwhichitisstatedthattheschoolatKalyaniNagar
isassessedataconcessionalrateforthepropertytaxesfrom1 st July
2004.Whenwemadeaspecificquerytothelearnedcounselappearing
forthe3rdRespondentastowhetherthesaidratehasbeenappliedby
the Pune Municipal Corporation tothe schoolsrun by all the public
trusts,hefairlystatedthatthesaidrateismadeapplicabletoallthe
schoolsrunbythepublictrusts.

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61.

56

wp-5576,4479,6710,7505n27990.13

Inanyevent,thereisnomaterialplacedonrecordtoshow

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thatanyofthethreeschoolsarereceivinganyaidorgrantsfromthe

C
ou

Appropriate Government for meeting expenditure. There is no


materialplacedonrecordtoshowthattheleasehasbeengrantedby

theCantonmentBoardataconcessionalrate.Wemaynoteherethata
copy of the Building Lease dated 24th March 1970 was tendered on

ig
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record doesnotshowthatany concessionhasbeengrantedtothe


schoolinthematterofpaymentofrent.Wehavealreadyheldthateven
if the Appropriate Government or a local authority makes a land

availabletoaschoolataconcessionalratethatwillnotamounttoaid
orgrants.Therefore,eveninthisWritPetition,theschoolswillhaveto

ba
y

beheldtobeunaidedminorityeducationalschools.Therefore,this

om

Petitionmustsucceed.

WRITPETITIONNO.7505OF2013

62.

Now we turn to Writ Petition No.7505 of 2013. The

challengethereinistotheGovernmentResolutiondated13 thFebruary
2013aswellastothecommunicationdated31 st July2013issuedby
the Education Officer (Primary)toShri V.D.JaradandOthers. Itis
contended in the communication dated 31 st July 2013 that the
provisions of the Education Act are applicable to the 4 th Petitioner
school.Itallegedin the communication thatthe saidschool hasnot

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57

wp-5576,4479,6710,7505n27990.13

submitted the minority certificate. Various other irregularities have

rt

been alleged and a direction has been given to make inquiry and

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submitareport.Thesaidcommunicationcannotbesaidtobeadverse
tothePetitioners. Inanycase,itonlydirectsanindepthinquiryand
submissionofareport.

InthePetition,itiscontendedthatthe4th Petitionerisa

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63.

minority school. We have already held that the provisions of the


EducationActandinparticularSection12thereofarenotapplicableto

theunaidedminorityschools.Wefindthataminoritycertificateofthe
4thPetitionerhasnotbeenannexedtothePetition.Itis,therefore,for

ba
y

thePetitionerstosatisfytheconcernedauthoritythatthe4 thPetitioner
isaminorityunaidedschool.Therefore,itisnotnecessarytoissueany

om

writinthisPetition.
WRITPETITIONSTAMPNO.27990OF2013

64.

Now,we turnto Writ Petition StampNo.27990of 2013.

ThisPetitionhasbeenfiledbythePetitioner,whoclaimsthathesecured
admissionforhissonintheBishop'sschoolatPune.Itisstatedthat
thePetitionerdepositedthefeeson23rd March2013. However,the
Petitioner'ssonisnotallowedtocontinueandsitintheclass. Itis
contendedthat25%seats,outofthetotalseatsarevacant.Butthe
Petitioner'ssonwaspreventedfromattendingtheclass.

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wp-5576,4479,6710,7505n27990.13

WemustnoteherethatinWritPetitionNo.4479of2013

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65.

58

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filed by the said school, under the adinterim order dated 15 th May

2013, the Petitioners were permitted to fill up only 75% seats.


Perhaps,thatisthereasonwhythePetitioner'ssonwasnotallowedto
continuetheclass.WehaveheldthatClause(c)ofSubsection(1)of

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Section 12oftheEducationActisnotapplicabletothesaidschool.
Therefore, it is not necessary to pass a separate order in this Writ

66.

Petition.

Someoftheparentsandtheintervenershavecontended

ba
y

thatasaresultoftheadinterimordersofthisCourtwhichpermitted
admissionsonlytotheextentof75%seats,someofthestudentswho

om

wereadmittedintheschools,couldnotpursuetheirstudies.Wemake
itclearthatasasubstantialpartoftheacademicyearisover,itisnot
possibleforustoissueadirectionatthisstagetoallowthechildrento
join the schools against remaining 25% seats. It is for the school
authoritiestoconsiderwhethertheycanbeaccommodatedinthenext
academicyear.

67.

Hence,wedisposeofthePetitionsbypassingthefollowing

order:

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59

wp-5576,4479,6710,7505n27990.13

ORDER:
InviewoftheconclusionsinParagraph46above,

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(a)

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weupholdthecasemadeoutbythePetitionersthat
(i) St. Mary's School, Pune; (ii) Bishop's School,
Camp, Pune; (iii) Bishop's CoEd School, Kalyani
Nagar,Pune;(iv) Bishop's CoEd School, Undri,

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Pune; and (v) Saraswati Vidyalaya Union Pre


primary and Primary School (English Medium),
Pune are unaided minority schools to which the

provisionsofclause(c)ofsubsection(1)ofsection

ba
y

12oftheRightofChildrentoFreeandCompulsory

om

(b)

(c)

EducationAct,2009arenotapplicable;

Allorders/communicationsholdingtothecontrary
arequashedandsetaside.

We direct that the Petitioners in Writ Petition


No.6710 of 2013 shall refund fees of 45 students
(admitted in the Academic Year 20122013)
receivedforthecurrentacademicyear.Therefund
shallbemadewithintwomonthsfromtoday;

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60

(d)

wp-5576,4479,6710,7505n27990.13

WritPetitionNos.5576of2013,4479of2013and

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6710of2013areallowedonabovetermssubjectto

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ou

whatwehaveobservedinParagraph66above;

(e)

Writ Petition No.7505 of 2013 and Writ Petition


StampNo.27990of2013aredisposedofintermsof

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h

Paragraphs62to65above;

ba
y

(g)

AllpendingCivilApplicationsstanddisposedof;

(f)

Therewillbenoorderastocosts.

(A.S.OKA,J)

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(REVATIMOHITEDERE,J)

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