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RST and RSTPro

Reservoir Saturation Tools


The unique dual-detector spectrometry system of the through-tubing RST* and RSTPro*
Reservoir Saturation Tools enables the recording of carbon and oxygen and Dual-Burst*
Thermal Decay Time measurements during
the same trip in the well. The carbon/oxygen
(C/O) ratio is used to determine the formation
oil saturation independent of the formation
water salinity. This calculation is particularly
helpful if the water salinity is low or unknown.
If the salinity of the formation water is high,
the Dual-Burst Thermal Decay Time measurement is used. A combination of both
measurements can be used to detect and
quantify the presence of injection water of
a different salinity from that of the connate
water.
RST tools (RST-A and RST-B) are used with
PL Flagship* advanced well flow diagnosis
service. RSTPro tools (RST-C and RST-D)
are used with the PS Platform* production
services. Both the RST and RSTPro tools are
available in two sizes to address a range of
casing sizes and applications and the issues
associated with wellbores under static or
flowing conditions: 1.71-in. [4.34-cm] RST-A
and RST-C and 2.51-in. [6.37-cm] RST-B and
RST-D tools. The RST-B and RST-D tools have
the added advantage of shielded detectors;
the near detector is shielded from the formation and the far detector is shielded from
the borehole.

1.71-in.
RST-A and RST-C

2.51-in.
RST-B and RST-D

Applications

Formation evaluation behind casing


Sigma, porosity, and C/O measurement in one trip in the wellbore
Water saturation evaluation in
old wells where modern openhole logs have not been run
Measurement of water velocity
inside casing, irrespective of
wellbore angle (production logging)
Measurement of near-wellbore
water velocity outside the casing
(remedial applications)
Formation oil volume from C/O
ratio, independent of formation
water salinity
Flowing wells (in combination
with an external borehole holdup
sensor)
Capture yields (H, Cl, Ca, Si, Fe,
S, Gd, and Mg)
Inelastic yields (C, O, Si, Ca,
and Fe)
Three-phase borehole holdup
PVL* Phase Velocity Log
Borehole salinity
SpectroLith* lithology indicators

Measurement Specifications
RST and RSTPro Tools
Output

Logging speed

Range of measurement
Vertical resolution
Accuracy
Depth of investigation
Mud type or weight limitations
Combinability

See

Inelastic and capture yields of various elements, carbon/oxygen ratio, formation capture
cross section (sigma), porosity, borehole holdup, water velocity, phase velocity,
SpectroLith processing
Inelastic mode: 100 ft/hr [30 m/h] (formation dependent)
Capture mode: 600 ft/hr [183 m/h] (formation and salinity dependent)
RST sigma mode: 1,800 ft/hr [549 m/h]
RSTPro sigma mode: 3,600 ft/hr [1,097 m/h]
Porosity: 0 to 60 p.u.
15 in. [38.10 cm]
Based on hydrogen index of formation
10 in. [20.54 cm]
None
RST tool: Combinable with the PL Flagship system and CPLT* Combinable Production Logging Tool
RSTPro tool: Combinable with tools that use the PS Platform* telemetry system and Combinable
Gamma Ray Sonde (CGRS)

Tool Planner application for advice on logging speed

Mechanical Specifications

Temperature rating
Pressure rating

Borehole sizemin.
Borehole sizemax.
Outer diameter
Length
Weight
Tension
Compression

RST-A and RST-C

RST-B and RST-D

302F [150C]
With flask: 400F [204C]
15,000 psi [103 MPa]
With flask:
20,000 psi [138 MPa]
11316 in. [4.60 cm]
758 in. [19.37 cm]
1.71 in. [4.34 cm]
23.0 ft [7.01 m]
101 lbm [46 kg]
10,000 lbf [44,480 N]
1,000 lbf [4,450 N]

302F [150C]

www.slb.com/oilfield
PR_04_026_0

Schlumberger

August 2004

*Mark of Schlumberger

Produced by Marketing Communications, Houston.

15,000 psi [103 MPa]

278 in. [7.30 cm]


958 in. [24.45 cm]
2.51 in. [6.37 cm]
22.2 ft [6.76 m]
208 lbm [94 kg]
10,000 lbf [44,480 N]
1,000 lbf [4,450 N]