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INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ROORKEE

NAME OF DEPTT./CENTRE: Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering


1. Subject Code: MI-106
2. Contact Hours:

Course Title: Engineering Thermodynamics

L: 3

T: 1

3. Examination Duration (Hrs.):


4. Relative Weightage: CWS
5. Credits:

8. Pre-requisite:

Theory
1 15

PRS 15

6. Semester: Spring

P: 2/2
Practical

3
MTE

30

ETE 40

0
PRE

7. Subject Area: DCC/ESC

Nil

9. Objective: To familiarize the students with basic concepts of macroscopic thermodynamics.


10. Details of Course:
S.
No.
1.
2.

3.

4.

5.

Contents

Contact Hours

Introduction: Introduction to thermodynamic system, surrounding,


state, process, properties, equilibrium, heat and work, Zeroth Law of
Thermodynamics
Properties of Pure Simple Compressible Substance: PvT surface,
Pv, Tv, TP diagrams. Equation of state for ideal and real gases. Virial
equation of state, van der Waal equation, use of steam tables and
Mollier diagram
First Law of Thermodynamics: First law application to non-flow
processes such as isochoric, isobaric, isothermal, adiabatic and
polytropic processes. Steady flow energy equation, flow work.
Application to various practical systems
viz. nozzles, diffuser,
turbines, heat exchangers etc. Application of energy equation to
transient flow problems.
Second Law of Thermodynamics: Second law, reversible and
irreversible processes, Clausius and Kelvin Planck statements,
Carnot cycle, corollaries of second law: thermodynamic temperature
scale, Clausius inequality, entropy as a property, principle of increase
of entropy. Calculation of entropy change.
Entropy and Exergy: Entropy and its generation, entropy balance

3
6

6.

7.
8.

for closed system and for control volume, basic concepts of exergy
and irreversibility, exergy for closed system and control volume,
exegetic efficiency.
Gas-Vapour Mixtures and Air-conditioning: Properties of gasvapour mixtures, adiabatic-saturation and wet-bulb temperatures,
psychrometric chart, human comfort and air conditioning, various air
conditioning processes.
Gas and Vapour Power Cycles: Otto, Diesel, Dual, Stirling, JouleBrayton cycle. Thermal efficiency and mean effective pressure,
Rankine cycle.
Refrigeration Cycles: reverse Carnot cycle, vapour compression
refrigeration cycle.
TOTAL

5
4
42

List of Experiments:
1. Study of P-V-T surface of H2O and CO2.
2. Determine P-T relationship for steam and verify Clausius Clapeyron equation.
3. Determine the calorific value of coal using Bomb calorimeter.
4. Analyzing exhaust gases using Orsat apparatus.
5. Determine Relative Humidity and Specific Humidity of air using Sling Psychrometer and
Psychrometric Chart.
6. Determine COP of a vapour compression refrigeration unit.
7. Analyzing different processes on an air conditioning unit.
11. Suggested Books:
S.
No.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Name of Books / Authors


Borgnakke, C. and Sonntag, R.E., Fundamentals of
Thermodynamics, Wiley India
Cengel, Y.A. and Boles, M.A., Thermodynamics an Engineering
Approach, Tata McGraw-Hill
Moran, M.J. and Shapiro, H.M., Fundamentals of Engineering
Thermodynamics, 4th Ed., John Wiley
Russel, L.D., Adebiyi, G. A., Engineering Thermodynamics, Oxford
University Press
Arora, C.P., Thermodynamics, Tata-McGraw Hill
Nag, P.K., Engineering Thermodynamics, Tata-McGraw Hill

Year of
Publication
2011
2008
2010
2007
2001
2005