Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 13

How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache

TutorialsHow To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache BASH Shell Troubleshooting Nginx Networking MySQL Google Cloud

BASH ShellHow To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache Tutorials Troubleshooting Nginx Networking MySQL Google Cloud Platform

TroubleshootingHow To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache Tutorials BASH Shell Nginx Networking MySQL Google Cloud

NginxLinux / UNIX DNS Cache Tutorials BASH Shell Troubleshooting Networking MySQL Google Cloud Platform Amazon Cloud

Networking/ UNIX DNS Cache Tutorials BASH Shell Troubleshooting Nginx MySQL Google Cloud Platform Amazon Cloud Computing

MySQLCache Tutorials BASH Shell Troubleshooting Nginx Networking Google Cloud Platform Amazon Cloud Computing Rackspace Cloud

Google Cloud PlatformTutorials BASH Shell Troubleshooting Nginx Networking MySQL Amazon Cloud Computing Rackspace Cloud Computing Linux

Amazon Cloud ComputingTroubleshooting Nginx Networking MySQL Google Cloud Platform Rackspace Cloud Computing Linux CentOS Debian / Ubuntu

Rackspace Cloud ComputingMySQL Google Cloud Platform Amazon Cloud Computing Linux CentOS Debian / Ubuntu Ubuntu Linux Suse RedHat

LinuxPlatform Amazon Cloud Computing Rackspace Cloud Computing CentOS Debian / Ubuntu Ubuntu Linux Suse RedHat and

CentOSAmazon Cloud Computing Rackspace Cloud Computing Linux Debian / Ubuntu Ubuntu Linux Suse RedHat and Friends

Debian / UbuntuCloud Computing Rackspace Cloud Computing Linux CentOS Ubuntu Linux Suse RedHat and Friends Slackware Linux UNIX

Ubuntu LinuxRackspace Cloud Computing Linux CentOS Debian / Ubuntu Suse RedHat and Friends Slackware Linux UNIX AIX

SuseCloud Computing Linux CentOS Debian / Ubuntu Ubuntu Linux RedHat and Friends Slackware Linux UNIX AIX

RedHat and FriendsComputing Linux CentOS Debian / Ubuntu Ubuntu Linux Suse Slackware Linux UNIX AIX Mac OS X

Slackware LinuxCentOS Debian / Ubuntu Ubuntu Linux Suse RedHat and Friends UNIX AIX Mac OS X FreeBSD

UNIXUbuntu Ubuntu Linux Suse RedHat and Friends Slackware Linux AIX Mac OS X FreeBSD FreeBSD Jails

AIXUbuntu Linux Suse RedHat and Friends Slackware Linux UNIX Mac OS X FreeBSD FreeBSD Jails (VPS)

Mac OS XLinux Suse RedHat and Friends Slackware Linux UNIX AIX FreeBSD FreeBSD Jails (VPS) Openbsd Solaris See

FreeBSDSuse RedHat and Friends Slackware Linux UNIX AIX Mac OS X FreeBSD Jails (VPS) Openbsd Solaris

FreeBSD Jails (VPS)RedHat and Friends Slackware Linux UNIX AIX Mac OS X FreeBSD Openbsd Solaris See all tutorial

OpenbsdLinux UNIX AIX Mac OS X FreeBSD FreeBSD Jails (VPS) Solaris See all tutorial topics Blog

SolarisLinux UNIX AIX Mac OS X FreeBSD FreeBSD Jails (VPS) Openbsd See all tutorial topics Blog

See all tutorial topicsAIX Mac OS X FreeBSD FreeBSD Jails (VPS) Openbsd Solaris Blog About Contact us Forum Linux

BlogFreeBSD Jails (VPS) Openbsd Solaris See all tutorial topics About Contact us Forum Linux Scripting Guide

AboutJails (VPS) Openbsd Solaris See all tutorial topics Blog Contact us Forum Linux Scripting Guide RSS/FEED

Contact us(VPS) Openbsd Solaris See all tutorial topics Blog About Forum Linux Scripting Guide RSS/FEED

ForumSolaris See all tutorial topics Blog About Contact us Linux Scripting Guide RSS/FEED

Linux Scripting GuideSolaris See all tutorial topics Blog About Contact us Forum RSS/FEED

RSS/FEEDtopics Blog About Contact us Forum Linux Scripting Guide

http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-debian-ubuntu-flush-clear-dns-cache/

Linux FAQ / Howtos

How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache

by Nix Craft on January 29, 2008 · 29 comments· LAST UPDATED June 2, 2012

in BASH Shell, CentOS, Debian / Ubuntu

I'm on a Dial UP Internet connection under Linux and frequent dial up disconnection causing dns problems. How do I flush DNS cache under UNIX / Linux distribution using a shell prompt?

Under MS-Windows you can use the ipconfig command to flush dns cache. However, Linux and UNIX provides various ways to flush cache. Linux can run nscd or BIND or dnsmasq as the name service caching daemon. Large and work-group servers may use BIND or dnsmasq as a dedicated caching server to speed up queries.

HowTo: Flush nscd dns cache

or dnsmasq as a dedicated caching server to speed up queries. HowTo: Flush nscd dns cache

How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache

http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-debian-ubuntu-flush-clear-dns-cache/

Nscd caches libc-issued requests to the Name Service. If retrieving NSS data is fairly expensive, nscd is able to speed up consecutive access to the same data dramatically and increase overall system performance. Just restart nscd:

$ sudo /etc/init.d/nscd restart

OR

# service nscd restart

OR

# service nscd reload

This daemon provides a cache for the most common name service requests. The default configuration file, /etc/nscd.conf, determines the behavior of the cache daemon.

Flush dnsmasq dns cache

dnsmasq is a lightweight DNS, TFTP and DHCP server. It is intended to provide coupled DNS and DHCP service to a LAN. Dnsmasq accepts DNS queries and either answers them from a small, local, cache or forwards them to a real, recursive, DNS server. This software is also installed many cheap routers to cache dns queries. Just restart the dnsmasq service to flush out dns cache:

$ sudo /etc/init.d/dnsmasq restart

OR

# service dnsmasq restart

Flush caching BIND server dns cache

A caching BIND server obtains information from another server (a Zone Master) in response to a host

query and then saves (caches) the data locally. All you have to do is restart bind to clear its cache:

# /etc/init.d/named restart

You can also use rndc command as follows flush out all cache:

# rndc restart

OR

# rndc exec

BIND v9.3.0 and above will support flushing all of the records attached to a particular domain name with rndc flushname command. In this example flush all records releated to cyberciti.biz domain:

# rndc flushname cyberciti.biz

It is also possible to flush out BIND views. For example, lan and wan views can be flushed using the

following command:

# rndc flush lan

# rndc flush wan

A note about Mac OS X Unix users

Type the following command as root user:

# dscacheutil -flushcache

OR

$ sudo dscacheutil -flushcache

If you are using OS X 10.5 or earlier try the following command:

lookupd -flushcache

A note about /etc/hosts file

How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache

http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-debian-ubuntu-flush-clear-dns-cache/

/etc/hosts act as the static table lookup for hostnames. You need to remove and/or update records as per your requirements under Unix like operating systems:

# vi /etc/hosts

Sample outputs:

127.0.0.1

localhost

127.0.1.1

wks01.WAG160N

wks01

# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts

::1

ip6-localhost ip6-loopback

fe00::0 ip6-localnet

ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix ff02::1 ip6-allnodes ff02::2 ip6-allrouters

10.37.34.2

build

192.168.1.10

nas01

192.168.1.11

nas02

192.168.1.12

nas03

#192.168.2.50

nfs2.nixcraft.net.in nfs2

#192.168.2.51

nfs1.nixcraft.net.in nfs1

172.168.232.50

nfs1.nixcraft.net.in nfs1

172.168.232.51

nfs2.nixcraft.net.in nfs2

192.168.1.101

vm01

See also:

Related: Windows Vista / XP Flush DNS Cache with ipconfig Command

TwitterFacebookGoogle+PDF versionFound an error/typo on this page? Help us! Featured Articles:

Cool Open Source Software I Discovered in 201330

30

Cool Open Source Software I Discovered in 2013 30

Handy Bash Shell Aliases For Linux / Unix / Mac OS X30

30

Top 30 Nmap Command Examples For Sys/Network AdminsHandy Bash Shell Aliases For Linux / Unix / Mac OS X 30 25 PHP Security

25

PHP Security Best Practices For Sys Admins25

 

Linux System Monitoring Tools Every SysAdmin Should Know20

20

Linux Server Hardening Security Tips20

20

 

Linux: 20 Iptables Examples For New SysAdmins20 Linux Server Hardening Security Tips 20   Top 20 OpenSSH Server Best Security Practices Top

Top 20 OpenSSH Server Best Security Practices20   Linux: 20 Iptables Examples For New SysAdmins Top 20 Nginx WebServer Best Security Practices

Top 20 Nginx WebServer Best Security PracticesNew SysAdmins Top 20 OpenSSH Server Best Security Practices Examples: Make Sure Unix / Linux Configuration

Examples: Make Sure Unix / Linux Configuration Files Are Free From Syntax Errors20

20

15

Greatest Open Source Terminal Applications Of 201215

 

My 10 UNIX Command Line MistakesGreatest Open Source Terminal Applications Of 2012   Top 10 Open Source Web-Based Project Management Software

Top 10 Open Source Web-Based Project Management SoftwareOf 2012   My 10 UNIX Command Line Mistakes Top 5 Email Client For Linux, Mac

Top 5 Email Client For Linux, Mac OS X, and Windows UsersTop 10 Open Source Web-Based Project Management Software The Novice Guide To Buying A Linux Laptop

The Novice Guide To Buying A Linux LaptopTop 5 Email Client For Linux, Mac OS X, and Windows Users { 29 comments… read

{ 29 comments… read them below or add one }

1 NoPremium.org April 18, 2008 at 8:32 am

it dont work for me i have ubunu 7.10

Reply

2 kazoolist July 10, 2008 at 10:54 pm

How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache

http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-debian-ubuntu-flush-clear-dns-cache/

I my experience service nscd restart does not clear NSCD’s cache. service nscd reload does, however.

Reply

3 Subhash July 27, 2010 at 5:26 pm

That is correct!

Reply

4

James Mills September 19, 2008 at 8:32 am

Actually, in Bind, you can flush the daemon’s cache by doing

 

rndc flush

Reply

 

5

Lost Eagle January 31, 2011 at 4:01 pm

 

Thank U

This “rndc flush” help lot … restart doesn’t flush …

Have a nice day

Reply

6

RudyD February 4, 2009 at 12:35 pm

 

Whoops!

 

It seems that not the perfect view for precise approach. It seems that if I use bind and there is a resolv.conf too not always the bind is in use. (Ubuntu) Other important machine (with debian), there is just resolv.conf. Anyhow I have tried to restart (hope works) the /etc/init.d/dns-clean and it seems it worked. But there were reports that this did not do the job. Anyhow, I want to make sure that – especially my debian system – without restarting, even the networking, how can I just restart the name resolution to the newly set values and how to get sure that it is done well?

 

Thanks!

Reply

7

Tricky April 26, 2009 at 11:50 pm

If nscd is in use, try “nscd -i hosts” as root. As per James Mills, “rndc flush” if using bind.

If none of these work you might not have a DNS cache to flush anyway and the problem DNS entry may be stored elsewhere, such as your firefox DNS cache, your router’s cache, or another upstream DNS caching server.

Reply

How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache

8 takizo July 26, 2010 at 2:58 pm

it could be nscd is not install?

@James, rndc reload works too :D

Reply

9 dejf August 31, 2010 at 3:04 pm

http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-debian-ubuntu-flush-clear-dns-cache/

“/etc/init.d/dnsmasq restart” do not work, even stop and start does not. There is a clear cache option entioned, but it does not help anyway – dnsmasq remembers…

Reply

10 Yogesh September 2, 2010 at 12:08 pm

I guess this is for DNS server. What shall I do if I wish to clear DNS cache on a linux client/desktop machine? [Like ipconfig /flushdns in windows]

Reply

11 Tricky September 2, 2010 at 2:14 pm

@Yogesh: The same commands apply to a desktop

@dejf: Bear in mind per my comment above, perhaps your desktop has a separate DNS cache or the DNS is being cached elsewhere. You have to flush the DNS on all your “upstream” DNS servers as well or change the DNS servers that you’re using. See the following for info on how to change your DNS settings to these 2 popular public DNS servers:

http://code.google.com/speed/public-dns/

https://store.opendns.com/setup/router/

Reply

12 Yogesh September 2, 2010 at 3:32 pm

@Tricky Thanks for comment, but I am unable to find /etc/init.d/nscd or named on my Centos 5.3 Desktop. Any help?

Reply

13 Tricky September 3, 2010 at 4:48 am

@Yogesh. Chances are the DNS is cached outside of your desktop or the DNS is being cached by an application directly.

I wrote an (admittedly regex-cryptic) article on this same issue (sorry for the “competing” link, Vivek) – http://dogma.swiftspirit.co.za/archives/300 – skip to the sections after the label “Flush Mozilla Firefox’s internal DNS cache”.

Reply

How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache

http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-debian-ubuntu-flush-clear-dns-cache/

14

Manish December 4, 2010 at 6:49 pm

Hi

I have a local name resolution issues on CentOS 5.5. I have edited the /etc/hosts file and still the hostname doesn’t resolves to right IP.

Here is what I have priority configuration

#

more /etc/host.conf

order hosts,bind Also /etc/nsswitch.conf file has

hosts: files dns more /etc/hosts 192.168.1.1 admin.domain.com admin

#

host admin

Host admin not found: 3(NXDOMAIN)

Any suggestions would be appreciated.

 

Reply

 

15 Tricky December 6, 2010 at 3:49 am

 

host doesn’t bother with the entries in the hosts file. Try ping admin instead.

Reply

16

nobbiecentos February 8, 2011 at 1:15 pm

TY for information its working solution for clear cash from server side

 

Reply

17

takprosto April 9, 2011 at 11:45 pm

Im sorry for my bad english…. but im have Debian. apt-get install nscd Ok -d, –debug Do not fork and display messages on the current tty -f, –config-file=NAME Read configuration data from NAME -g, –statistic Print current configuration statistic -i, –invalidate=TABLE Invalidate the specified cache -K, –shutdown Shut the server down -t, –nthreads=NUMBER Start NUMBER threads –usage Give a short usage message

commands restart and reload not work ! haven`t ))) and -shutdown not work

 

Reply

18

Tricky April 10, 2011 at 11:58 am

@takprosto Do the commands give an error or are they just not refreshing the DNS? If there’s no error then the

How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache

http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-debian-ubuntu-flush-clear-dns-cache/

DNS entry could be cached elsewhere, for example on your router or your ISP’s DNS server.

Reply

19 andre July 22, 2011 at 7:18 am

on Debian “Squeeze/wheezy”:

Usage: /etc/init.d/nscd {start|stop|force-reload|restart|status}

Reply

20 m4h September 15, 2011 at 8:10 am

Manish ->

Change from:

192.168.1.1

admin.domain.com admin

TO:

192.168.1.1

admin admin.domain.com admin

Reply

21 david.chen February 3, 2012 at 2:45 am

why not just use nscd -i hosts nscd -i passwd . to flush the cache

Reply

22 Tim March 21, 2012 at 1:23 pm

The articles recomendations are distribution specific and depend on how the init scripts are set up and what they do. The proper way to flush the cache on nscd is “nscd -i hosts” and for named, “rndc flush”

Anything else, like “/etc/init.d/nscd reload” depends on how your distro wrote the init script. Just because that works for you on Fedora does not mean Debian or someone else set it up that way as well.

Reply

23 Som June 13, 2012 at 8:44 pm

If a user wants to flush DNS cache and if the user uses Internet via LAN connection ,the best way to do so is changing the DNS address manually . He just needs to alter the DNS entry .Setting alternative DNS address as primary address will solve the issue instantly. This trick worked for me . I faced the same problem . I am aLinux user .so , I installed NSCD client and tried to flush the cache . But , it could not solve my issue .i solved it myself just changing the DNS entry . It worked for me instantly .I kept the new entry for two days without any problem and later reinstated the older entry

Reply

How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache

24 nick September 6, 2012 at 9:57 pm

http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-debian-ubuntu-flush-clear-dns-cache/

This post is a little misleading. Linux by default does not have a caching system (at least not most of the destributions). So unless you installed a caching system (or your system came with one pre-installed), there is no need to flush DNS because your system doesn’t store any.

This post isn’t clear about that and will cause people (who have no caching in place) to install a caching package (like nscd) just so that they could flush it. That’s a little counterproductive I think.

Reply

25 Mac January 11, 2013 at 3:20 pm

*NOTE* – The mistake I have often made is my /etc/hosts (on my CentOS6 workstation) I always FORGET to update it.

So after a DNS update, I cannot reach the site by name and think something is amiss, well I forgot to edit my /etc/hosts file for all of the servers.

Reply

26 Willian Braga da Silva February 1, 2013 at 1:44 pm

The correct way to flush NSCD cache is using the command line:

sudo /usr/sbin/nscd –invalidate=hosts

from the man page:

$ /usr/sbin/nscd –help Usage: nscd [OPTION

Name Service Cache Daemon.

]

-d, –debug Do not fork and display messages on the current tty -f, –config-file=NAME Read configuration data from NAME -g, –statistic Print current configuration statistics -i, –invalidate=TABLE Invalidate the specified cache -K, –shutdown Shut the server down -t, –nthreads=NUMBER Start NUMBER threads -?, –help Give this help list –usage Give a short usage message -V, –version Print program version

——-

$ sudo /usr/sbin/nscd -g nscd configuration:

(…)

hosts cache:

yes cache is enabled yes cache is persistent yes cache is shared (…)

How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache

http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-debian-ubuntu-flush-clear-dns-cache/

yes check /etc/hosts for changes

hope this help

Reply

27 Jesin June 28, 2013 at 8:29 am

Does restarting the networking service clear the cache ?

I do not find all Linux distributions having the one of the three tools you’ve mentioned above.

Reply

28 Mac November 16, 2013 at 2:02 pm

-> nscd is there any reason why you would use this service, just wanting to help understand what it

does?

thanks

Reply

29 samuel March 26, 2014 at 7:03 am

I suggest changing this post about flush dns cache since it’s not correct to reload or restart nscd.

I read the man and found the correct way is use:

nscd -i hosts

This method was mentioned in several comments, but if your post were not updated, more and more users would be misguided.

Reply

Leave a Comment

and more users would be misguided. Reply Leave a Comment Name * E-mail * Notify me
and more users would be misguided. Reply Leave a Comment Name * E-mail * Notify me

Name *

E-mail *

would be misguided. Reply Leave a Comment Name * E-mail * Notify me of followup comments
would be misguided. Reply Leave a Comment Name * E-mail * Notify me of followup comments

Notify me of followup comments via e-mail

Name * E-mail * Notify me of followup comments via e-mail Tagged as: /etc/init.d/dnsmasq , /etc/init.d/named

Tagged as: /etc/init.d/dnsmasq, /etc/init.d/named, /etc/init.d/nscd, clear dns cache in linux, clear dns cache on linux, clearn dns cache, dns queries, dnsmasq, flush dns cache in linux, flush dns cache on linux, flush

How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache

http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-debian-ubuntu-flush-clear-dns-cache/

linux dns cache, how to clear cache, linux clear dns cache, linux flush dns cache, named, nscd, redhat flush dns cache

Previous Faq: Fingerprint / Identify Remote Web Server

Next Faq: Debian / Ubuntu Linux WARNING: The following packages cannot be authenticated! Error and Solution

Related Faqs
Related Faqs
cannot be authenticated! Error and Solution Related Faqs How To Set Caching DNS Server Bash Clear
cannot be authenticated! Error and Solution Related Faqs How To Set Caching DNS Server Bash Clear
cannot be authenticated! Error and Solution Related Faqs How To Set Caching DNS Server Bash Clear

How To Set Caching DNS Server

Bash Clear DNS Cache

BIND: Stop Recursion DNS Under Linux / UNIX

How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache

http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-debian-ubuntu-flush-clear-dns-cache/

dnstop: Monitor BIND DNS Server (DNS Network Traffic) From a
dnstop: Monitor BIND DNS Server (DNS Network Traffic) From a

dnstop: Monitor BIND DNS Server (DNS Network Traffic) From a

Shell Prompt

Monit: Monitor BIND 9 (named) Name Server and Auto Restart SSH
Monit: Monitor BIND 9 (named) Name Server and Auto Restart SSH

Monit: Monitor BIND 9 (named) Name Server and Auto Restart SSH

If It Does Not Respond

Linux: Start / Stop / Restart BIND DNS Server
Linux: Start / Stop / Restart BIND DNS Server

Linux: Start / Stop / Restart BIND DNS Server

Linux / UNIX: DNS Lookup Command
Linux / UNIX: DNS Lookup Command

Linux / UNIX: DNS Lookup Command

Find Out If My DNS Server Free From DNS Cache Poisoning Bug Or
Find Out If My DNS Server Free From DNS Cache Poisoning Bug Or

Find Out If My DNS Server Free From DNS Cache Poisoning Bug Or

Not

How to Set Up DNS Lookup in Linux
How to Set Up DNS Lookup in Linux

How to Set Up DNS Lookup in Linux

How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache

http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-debian-ubuntu-flush-clear-dns-cache/

Mail delivery: DNS: Service unavailable error nixCraft
Mail delivery: DNS: Service unavailable error nixCraft

Mail delivery: DNS: Service unavailable error

nixCraft Like Like 44,587 people like nixCraft . Facebook social plugin

nixCraft

LikeLike

44,587 people like nixCraft.

nixCraft Like Like 44,587 people like nixCraft . Facebook social plugin

Facebook social plugin

44,587 people like nixCraft . Facebook social plugin Latest posts from our blog Download of the

Latest posts from our blog

Download of the day: Ubuntu Linux 14.04 LTS CD / DVD ISO

Download of the day: Ubuntu Linux 14.04 LTS CD / DVD ISO

Linux and Unix nload App: Monitor Network Traffic and Bandwidth Usage In Real Time

Linux and Unix nload App: Monitor Network Traffic and Bandwidth Usage In Real Time

10 Linux/Unix Bash and KSH Shell Job Control Examples  

10

Linux/Unix Bash and KSH Shell Job Control Examples

 
Download of The Day: FreeBSD 10 ISO DVD / CD Images

Download of The Day: FreeBSD 10 ISO DVD / CD Images

30 Cool Open Source Software I Discovered in 2013

30

Cool Open Source Software I Discovered in 2013

How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache

Tweets Follow nixCraft Linux Blog 21 May @nixcraft Interview with Linus Torvalds the legendary inventor
Tweets
Follow
nixCraft Linux Blog
21
May
@nixcraft
Interview with Linus Torvalds the legendary
inventor of #Linux and founder of the Open Source
crusade huffingtonpost.com/billrobinson/t…
Show Summary
nixCraft Linux Blog
21
May
@nixcraft
Been there, done that. #life #humour
#LifeIsLikeThat #sysadmin
pic.twitter.com/Gr82hdHIIy
Tweet to @nixcraft
Subscribe to nixCraft

http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-debian-ubuntu-flush-clear-dns-cache/

Learn something new about Linux/Unix by email

Enter your email address:

Learn something new about Linux/Unix by email Enter your email address:
Learn something new about Linux/Unix by email Enter your email address:

©2000-2014 nixCraft. All rights reserved. Privacy Policy - Terms of Service - Questions or Comments - We are proudly powered by Linux + Nginx + WordPress. The content is copyrighted to nixCraft and may not be reproduced on other websites.