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# 1.

Complete all th

## EXPERIMENT: DETERMINATION OF COEFFICIENT OF DISCHARGE

THROUGH VENTURIMETER

ink) to a single .p
section on Moodl

3. Complete t
results and your
Full name of student:

## both files for you

13f11068

ID NUMBER

What are the aims and objectives of this test (Not more than 50 words)?

## To determine the coefficient of C for different rates of flow.Also determine K

to find C by assuming the equation Q=K*(H1-H2)^2.

## Explain the procedure of the experiment (Not more than 60 words)?

Open the delivery valve in full of centrifugal pump to avoid the build up of
pressure.Start the pump allowing the water to flow through the
system.Discharge is adjusted by operating the valve.Collect the water in the
measuring tank i.e volume of water collected in the tank for T
seconds.Measure time T using the stopwatch.Note the rise in water level in
the container.Due to the pressure difference between the pipe and the throat
mercury in the monometer column will deflect.Drain the water collected in
the measuring tank after each observation.Vary the discharge by changing
the position of delivery valve.

Recorded Data

Test-1

Test-2

Test-3

Test-4

Test-5

Volume(L)

4.45

8.9

13.35

17.8

22.25

Time(S)

51.37

56.04

60.71

65.38

70.05

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q5

8.66*10^-5

1.58*10^-4

2.19*10^4

2.72*10^-4

3.17*10^
-4

tapping
A (h1)

211.584
210.672
208.848
201.552
202.464
204.288
207.024
207.936
209.76
210.672
211.584

B
C
D (h2)
E
F
G
H
I
k
L

220.704
219.792
209.76
192.432
190.608
196.08
205.2
210.672
213.408
217.056
217.968

242.592
242.592
221.616
190.608
195.168
210.672
218.88
224.352
228
230.736
230.736

2.0106

## a1: Upstream area (mm2) =

5.309

(a2/a1)2=

0.143

Tapping

Distance
along
Diameter (m) area(m)
venturi (mm)

262.656
262.656
230.736
183.312
191.52
214.32
227.088
235.296
240.768
246.24
248.976

282.72
282.72
238.944
173.28
186.048
217.056
235.296
246.24
254.448
255.36
265.392

Throat
Area/Area
(a2/an)

(a2/an)2

A (Upstream, a1)

0.0260

5.30*10^-4

0.379

0.143

B
C
D (Throat, a2)

20
32

0.0232
0.0184

4.22*10^-4
2.65*10^-4

0.476
0.758

0.226
0.574

46

0.0160

2.01*10^-4

1.000

1.000

E
F
G
H
J
K
L

61
76
91
106
121
136
156

0.0168
0.0185
0.0202
0.0218
0.0235
0.0252
0.0260

2.21*10^-4
2.68*10^-4
3.20*10^-4
3.73*10^-4
4.33*10^-4
4.98*10^-4
5.30*10^-4

0.909
0.750
0.628
0.539
0.464
0.403
0.379

0.826
0.562
0.394
0.290
0.215
0.162
0.143

0.0003924

## u2: Velosity at a2 (m/S)

1.9510000

Tapping

Distance along
Venturi (mm)

hn(m)

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
L

0
20
32
46
61
76
91
106
121
136
156

0.3201
0.3201
0.2572
0.1569
0.1806
0.2225
0.2481
0.2645
0.2772
0.2864
0.2928

hn-h1
(m)
0
0
-0.0629
-0.1632
-0.1395
-0.0976
-0.072
-0.0556
-0.0429
-0.0337
-0.0273

Actual dimensionless
pressure

0.0000
0.0000
-0.3240
-0.8410
-0.7190
-0.5030
-0.3710
-0.2866
-0.2210
-0.1730
-0.1400

## Comparison between actual dimentionless pressure and ideal dimensionless pressure

Actual dimensionless pressure
Ideal dimensionless
Pressure
(a2/a1)2- (a2/an)2
0.0000
-0.0830
-0.4310
-0.8570
-0.6830
-0.4190
-0.2510
-0.1470
-0.0720
-0.0190
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
-0.3240
-0.8410
-0.7190
-0.5030
-0.3710
-0.2866
-0.2210
-0.1730
-0.1400

k=

9.620*10^
-4

## Difference between ideal

and actual dimensionless
pressure
0.0000
-0.0830
-0.1070
-0.0160
0.0360
0.0840
0.1200
0.1396
0.1490
0.1540
0.1400

(m3/S)

h1 (m)

h2 (m)

h1-h2 (m)

(h1-h2)^(0.5)
(m 0.5)

0.0000866
0.0001588
0.0002199
0.0002723
0.0003176
0.0003573
0.0003924
0.0004235

0.211584
0.220704
0.242592
0.262656
0.28272
0.302784
0.320112
0.32832

0.201552
0.192432
0.190608
0.183312
0.17328
0.165984
0.156864
0.153216

0.0100
0.0283
0.0520
0.0793
0.1094
0.1368
0.1632
0.1751

0.1002
0.1681
0.2280
0.2810
0.3300
0.3690
0.4030
0.4180

0.898
0.981
1.002
1.007
1.000
1.007
1.012
1.053

0.995

## Variation of C with actual flow

1.100
1.050
1.000
C

0.950
0.900
0.850
0.800
0.00005

0.0001

0.00015

0.0002

0.00025

0.0003

0.00035

0.0004

0.00045

Q (m3/S)

Write your comment about variation of C with Q (not more than 30 words)

Value of discharge of coefficient C is found to be 0.995 The value is close and lies between the
expected value of 0.9 and 0.1 The graph is parabolic.Value of C increases slightly with the flow but
remains within the limits.

Error (%)
(m3/S)
(m 0.5)
(m3/S)
8.66*10^-5
1.58*10^-4
2.19*10^-4

0.1002
0.1681
0.2280

2.72*10^-4
3.17*10^-4

0.2810
0.3300

3.57*10^-4

0.3690

3.92*10^-4
4.23*10^-4

0.4030
0.4180

## Dimensionless Pressure distribution

Ideal dimensionless
Distance along Actual dimensionless pressure Pressure
venturi (mm)
(a2/a1)2- (a2/an)2
0
0.0000
0.0000
20
0.0000
-0.0830
32
-0.3240
-0.4310
46
-0.8410
-0.8570
61
-0.7190
-0.6830
76
-0.5030
-0.4190
91
-0.3710
-0.2510
106
-0.2866
-0.1470
121
-0.2210
-0.0720
136
-0.1730
-0.0190
156
-0.1400
0.0000

## Dimensionless Pressure Distribution

0.0000

-0.1000 0

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

180

-0.2000
-0.3000
-0.4000
Dimensionless Pressure
-0.5000
-0.6000

Actual rate
calculated flow

-0.7000
-0.8000
-0.9000
Distance along venturi (mm)

Write your comment about theoritical and actual curve (not more than 50 words)

Both actual and theoretical curves meet at a point showing that the flow reaches the throat.Dur
coarse of flow through the converging part, the velocity increases and the pressure decrease.But t
dimensionless pressure is less than the theoretical suggesting that there is a loss of energy at the
venturri.The pressure decreases as the flow reaches the throat.Therefore Coefficient C is found for
of friction effects.

## 1. Complete all the tables provided with values given

2. Scan your hand calculations (written in
ink) to a single .pdf file and submit through the " assignment"
section on Moodle (along with this Excel file once completed).
3. Complete the discussion questions, referring to Lab
results and your observation where applicable.
4. Save copies of

1 mark

mark

1 mark

mark

Test-6

Test-7

Test-8

26.7

31.15

35.6

74.72

79.39

84.06

Q6

Q7

Q8

1 mark

-4
4
mark

302.784
302.784
248.064
165.984
202.464
220.704
253.536
257.184
266.304
275.424
280.896

320.112
320.112
257.184
156.864
180.576
222.528
248.064
264.48
277.248
286.368
292.752

328.32
328.32
259.008
153.216
176.016
224.352
253.536
269.952
282.72
293.664
300.048

1.5 mark

mark

Ideal
dimensionless
Pressure
(a2/a1)2(a2/an)2
0.000
-0.083
-0.431

4 mark
mark

-0.857
-0.683
-0.419
-0.251
-0.147
-0.072
-0.019
0.000

0.5 mark
mark

3 mark
mark

## Comment (at least write 3 reasons not

more than 80 words)

3 mark
mark
The actual pressure drops initially as it
approaches the throat through the
converging part and the velocity increase
according to principle of continuity.Flow
rate is inversely proportional to pressure
and this principle is used in the
venturimeter.

0.5 mark
mark

3 mark
mark

0.5 mark
mark

0.0004

0.00045
C

words)

es between the
tly with the flow but

Q (m3/S)

2 mark

mark

2 mark
mark

DimensolPrutibon

180

than 50 words)

## aches the throat.During the

ssure decrease.But the actual
oss of energy at the head of
cient C is found for allowance

2 mark
mark

Total Mark=

25

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