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Pump

Input
Volumetric displacement, VD = 100 cm3
Volumetric efficiency, hv = 85 %
Mechanical efficiency, hm = 90 %
Speed, N = 1000 rpm

Output
Pump theoretical flow rate, QT = 0.00167 m3/s
Pump actual flow rate, QA = 0.00142 m3/s

Motor

Input
Pressure, P = 105 bars
Volumetric efficiency, hv = 94 %
Mechanical efficiency, hm = 92 %
Speed, N = 600 rpm

Output
Volumetric displacement, VD = 133 cm3
Motor theoretical flow rate, QT = 0.00133 m3/s
Power delivered to motor = 14875 W
Power delivered by motor = 12864 W
Torque delivered by motor = 205 N-m
Input
Volumetric displacement, VD = 8 in3
Pressure, P = 1500 psi
Speed, N = 2000 rpm
Actual flow rate, QA = 75 gpm
Actual torque, TA = 1800 lb-in

Output
Theoretical flow rate, QT = 69.3 gpm
Volumetric efficiency, hv = 92.4 %
Theoretical torque, TT = 1911 lb-in
Mechanical efficiency, hm = 94.2 %
Overall efficiency, ho = 87.0 %
Horsepower, HP = 57.1 hp
Input
Volumetric displacement, VD = 6 in3
Pressure, P = 2000 psi
Flow rate, Q = 15 gpm

Output
Speed, N = 577.5 rpm
Torque, T = 1911 lb-in
Horsepower, HP = 17.5 hp
Input
Pump flow rate, Qpump = 20 ft3/s
Piston diameter, Dpiston = 2 in
Cushion plunger diameter, Dcushion plunger = 0.75 in
Displacement, S = 1 in
Load, W = 1000 lb
Friction, m = 0.15
Blank end pressure, P1 = 500 psi
Acceleration of gravity, g = 32.2 ft/s2

Output
Piston area, Apiston = 0.022 ft2
2
Cushion plunger area, Acushion plunger = 0.0031 ft
Piston area, Apiston = 3.14 in2
2
Cushion plunger area, Acushion plunger = 0.44 in
Piston velocity, V = 2.05 ft/s
2
Deceleration, a = 25.1 ft/s
Cushion pressure, P2 = 816 psi
Input
Outer radius of rotor, RR = 0.4 in
Outer radius of vane, RV = 1.25 in
Width of vane, L = 0.75 in
Torque, T = 750 lb-in

Output
Volumetric displacement, VD = 3.30 in3
Pressure, P = 1426 psi
Extended Retraction

Input
Input flow rate, Q 25 ft3/s 25 ft3/s
Piston diameter, Dpiston 1.5 in 1.5 in
Rod diameter, D rod 0.75 in 0.75 in
Force, F 1200 lb 1200 lb

Output
Pressure, P 679.4 psi 905.9 psi
Piston velocity, V 4.55 ft/s 6.07 ft/s
Cylinder horsepower, HP 9.93 hp 13.24 hp
Input
Air volume, V2 = 30 cfm
Air temperature, T2 = 100 F
Air pressure, P2 = 150 psi
Atmospheric pressure, P1 = 14.7 psia
Atmospheric temperature, T1 = 80 F

Output
Atmospheric volume, V1 = 324 cfm
Chapter 10

Pneumatic: Air Preparation and Components

Compressor Power Requirements

Question 10.29 E

Determine the actual power required to drive a compressor that delivers air at 200 scfm at 120 psig. The

Solution

Input
Overall efficiency, h o = 72 %
Flow rate, Q = 200 scfm
Inlet pressure, Pin = 14.7 psig
Outlet pressure, Pout = 134.7 kPa

Output
Theoretical power, HPT = 39.8 hp
Actual power, HPA = 55.2 hp

Question 10.30 E

Determine the output pressure of a compressor operating with the following data:
1.Actual power required to drive the compressor is 20 kW.
2.Overall efficiency of the compressor is 75%.
3.Compressor delivers 4 standards m^3/min
4.Compressor inlet pressure is 100 kpa abs.

Solution

Input
Actual power, PA = 20 kW
Overall efficiency, h o = 75 %
Flow rate, Q = 4 m3/min
Inlet pressure, Pin = 100 kPa
Output
Theoretical power, PT = 15 kW
Outlet pressure, Pout = 565.4 kPa

Question 10.39 E

An air-hydraulic intensifier is connected to a hydraulic cyclinder driving a 12,000 lb,as shown in figure 10.

air piston diameter = 8 in.


oil piston diameter = 1 in
intensifier stroke = 2 in
intensifier cyclic frequency = 1 stroke/s

Determine the
a. Volumetric displacement of the intensifier oil piston
b.Volumetric displacement f the hydraulic cyclinder piston per intensifier stroke
c.Movement of the hydraulic cyclinder piston per intensifier stroke
d.volumetric displacement of the blank end of the intensifier air cyclinder piston
e.flowrate of oil from the intensifier
f. air-consumption rate of intensifier in scfm.
]
Solution

Input
Fhydraulic cylinder = 12000 lb
Dcylinder piston = 1.5 in
Dair piston = 8 in
Doil piston = 1 in
Intensifier stroke = 2 in
Intensifier cyclic frequency = 1 stroke/s

Output
2
Aoil piston = 0.785 in
2
Aair cylinder = 50.24 in
Ahydraulic cylinder = 1.77 in2
Vintensifier oil piston = 1.57 in3
Vhydraulic cylinder piston = 1.57 in3
Shydraulic cylinder piston = 0.89 in
3
Vblank end = 100.5 in
Qoil = 94.2 gpm
Poil = 6794 psi
Pair = 106 psi
Qair-consumption = 25.2 scfm
r at 200 scfm at 120 psig. The overall efficiency of the compressor is 72%.
2,000 lb,as shown in figure 10.47. The diameter of the hydaulic cyclinder piston is 1.5 in. The Following data applies
in. The Following data applies to the intensifier;
Question 10.30 E

Input
Actual power, PA = 20 kW
Overall efficiency, h o = 75 %
Flow rate, Q = 4 m3/min
Inlet pressure, Pin = 100 kPa

Output
Theoretical power, PT = 15 kW
Outlet pressure, Pout = 565.4 kPa
Question 10.39 E

Input
Fhydraulic cylinder = 12000 lb
Dcylinder piston = 1.5 in
Dair piston = 8 in
Doil piston = 1 in
Intensifier stroke = 2 in
Intensifier cyclic frequency = 1 stroke/s

Output
Aoil piston = 0.785 in2
Aair cylinder = 50.24 in2
Ahydraulic cylinder = 1.77 in2
Vintensifier oil piston = 1.57 in3
Vhydraulic cylinder piston = 1.57 in3
Shydraulic cylinder piston = 0.89 in
Vblank end = 100.5 in3
Qoil = 94.2 gpm
Poil = 6794 psi
Pair = 106 psi
Qair-consumption = 25.2 scfm