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The largest and versatile software for Highway,

Expressway and Rural Road development projects

HEADS Pro is widely used by various Govt. Departments and Trainings are conducted on regular
basis. Internet based Training and On_Site Trainings to the users are also available on request.

The development of effective road transport system is the primary need of any developing country and the
upgrading of existing road network system is essential for the developed countries as the capacities of roads
in urban and non-urban roads are reached to saturation level with the passage of time.
The road development involves very high degree of attention by the project Authorities as well as by the
Consultants, Engineers and Contractors. Any mistake May result in expenditure of a few millions which
could have been avoided. Normally the design of route alignment and the pavement structure decide the
cost of a highway project and for this job the best experienced manpower and best available tools must be
Highway Design software which must be capable of handling any type of situation and the best manpower is
the engineers and other technical staff who have the essential educational background and sufficient
experience in working for similar projects and most essentially have required level of training to use high
quality design software products.

TechSOFT Engineering Services


Presently there are two varieties of Software available based on two basic concepts namely: Template and
String modeling. The first group of products are simple to learn and handle but have substantial limitations
in handling todays demand for road geometric design, Whereas software using String modeling technique
is efficient for road projects involving Cost Control for Rural Roads, Widening of existing roads, Surface
Profile Correction & Strengthening, Design of multi-alignment road sections, varying cross-sections, with or
without service roads appearing anywhere along the length, design of Multi-level Grade Separated
Interchanges, At Grade Junctions, Design of Split Level Dual Carriageway roads, Hill roads having special
considerations, Vehicular Tunnels with sharp turns ranging from 90 to 180 degrees. In HEADS Pro the
conventional String technique is modified to make the production more efficient. HEADS Pro has full power
CAD engine to view and edit drawings as desired. The drawings are compatible to all commonly used CAD
It is simple in HEADS Pro to transform the Surveyors coordinates into Global UTM / GPS Coordinates using
in-built CAD engine, next the transformed drawing may be opened for conversion to KML/KMZ file to open in
Google Earth to plan for Green Field alignments, Bypasses and Realignments as larger area with existing
Land use are visible. Even the Original Ground Elevations along with Easting & Northing Coordinates are
available from the satellite images without doing the topographic survey at the field.

Power of CAD based design technology in modern Highway Projects

HEADS Pro software from TechSOFT Engineering Services. is based on String modeling technique and is
todays established name in offering the users all the facilities described above. It accepts Topographical
Survey data from Total Station, Auto level, GPS, Topo Maps, Aerial Photograph, Satellite Imagery Remote
Sensing etc. It offers the facility to use Digitized Topo Maps in case of absence of Topographical Survey
data. Detailed tables are also generated for Traverse Survey, EDM Survey and Co-ordinate conversion from
Spherical (Lat-Long) to Rectangular (Easting-Northing). HEADS Pro has its own CAD engine and is best
appreciated for its Power, Completeness, Versatility, Fastest Processing, Simplicity and Exchangeability of
Input and Output with other commonly used Road Engineering software of similar kind and all popular CAD
software. HEADS Pro itself is a marvel in the history of road engineering softwares. The main power of
HEADS Pro lies in its CAD engine which produces sophisticated construction drawings for the project. This
achievement is in addition to its engineering output with best possible accuracy and widest range of
coverage in any road engineering project.
In Highway Projects the two situations are commonly met every where, one is Strengthening of the existing
road with design overlay and construct a new carriageway for widening the road from 2 lane undivided to 4
lane/6 lane/ 8 lane dual carriageway configuration separated by central verge or median and another is to
construct complete new dual carriageway Highway in case of city bypasses and realignments. Both the work
involves frequent change in the Highway Cross sections suiting to the available right of way. The widening of
existing road also has complex alignment design for side of widening changing from Left to right side and
some where concentric. The situation further gets complicated providing positions of vehicular & pedestrian
underpasses, Flyovers, Rail Over Bridges, deviation at proposed new Bridge locations, saving structures of
archeological and other religious importance. Also the provision of numerous Cross drainage structures
along the alignment and sticking to the countrys design standard are almost mandatory. To manage large
amount of data, design requirements, site conditions is considered in various processes in all HEADS range
of products. This enables the user to produce the Highway design work in most complete & correct form.

HEADS Pro in Topo Survey, Digital Terrain Model, Contours

The instrument GPS (Global Positioning System) is based on Satellite technology. In total about 24
Satellites are rotating around the Earth in various orbits all through the day and taking different times to
complete a rotation. For GPS usage 8 Satellites are required in between the First and Second Horizon
Circles of the instrument.
The Survey if done in Surveyors TM Coordinates the data and Survey base Plan may be created in TM
Coordinates, which are not applicable universally by any user, for example Contractor. So the Drawing &
Data available in TM Coordinates are to be converted to UTM (Universal Transverse Markator) Coordinates.
Both the conversions (Drawing & Data) are possible in HEADS range of products to make KML / KMZ files
which may be superimposed on Google Satellite images (Version 2010) to view the existing Land use and
Merits/Demerits of each alignment options.

Ground Elevation Obtained from SRTM on line and processed in HEADS

The UTM Coordinates enables the user to import the Ground Model and Contours to Google Earth or similar
other satellite Images to perfectly view the surroundings and the existing Land use.
The Process is Supported by Traversing with closing error corrections by Bowditch, Transit and Closed Link,
EDM applications, Triangulation, Contouring, Converting Coordinates from Transverse Markator (TM) to
Universal Transverse Markator (UTM) as obtained from GPS instruments.

The area may be identified by site reconnaissance survey and using Topographic maps and
satellite imageries. Elevation data may be downloaded from SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topography
Mission) and contours have been generated for the entire area under the study. This enables the
users to produce Plan, Profile, Cross Section and BoQ of the design work without carrying out
Topographical Survey at field.

Ground Elevation Obtained from SRTM on line and processed in HEADS

Ground Elevation Obtained from SRTM Superimposed on Google satellite Images

HEADS Pro in Design of Low cost Roads, Highways, Expressways

HEADS Pro is the masterpiece for its various applications in road engineering projects. It enables the
engineers and professionals to produce the best in their work by suiting the site condition most accurately
and economically.

CAD based interactive alignment design and modification at any time

The availability of Google images is a remarkable achievement in recent time. HEADS Pro opens the
images and upon setting actual Easting & Northing coordinates in the image the route alignment may be
tried for various options against the existing land use of the region and finalized for best techno-economic

CAD based interactive Alignment Planning on Satellite or Google Images


Advanced technology is available in HEADS Pro to Optimize the Vertical Profile of the proposed roadway
either for the Profile correction and Overlay or for the Earthwork in Cut & Fill in case of new construction.

Design Optimization for Cost Minimization

Advanced technology is available in HEADS Pro to Optimize the Vertical Profile of the proposed roadway
either for the Profile correction and Overlay or for the Earthwork in Cut & Fill in case of new construction.

Optimized Vertical Profile in Long Section Drawing

OGL AND PROPOSED DESIGN PROFILE The Long section drawings are produced with maximum
information to make the construction easier. In case of dual carriageway roads with service roads on either
side the vertical profile of each carriageway and service roads can be shown with various design details.
The information in Long section drawings are also in international standard and fulfills the requirements of
most of the countrys standard.

Long Section Drawing with various Design Information

HEADS Pro produces Survey Base Plan by Digital Mapping from the Ground Survey Text data and by
selecting drawing feature symbols from CAD Block library, the various texts obtained from the surveyors are
also placed correctly in the Base Plan drawing. The drawing is made in CAD layered system and is
compatible to AutoCAD and other popular CAD softwares for any further editing/drafting. Contours and
DTM, with Ground sections are also produced as Reports and CAD drawings for Plan & Profile, Cross
sections. This saves the time significantly in preparation for the Detail Engineering Projects.

Survey Base Plan


HEADS Pro produces Plan-Profile and Cross section drawings for the projects in international standard,
which means that the information mentioned in the drawing fulfills all construction requirements following the
standards and specifications of most of the countries in the world.

Plan & Profile Drawing

Cross section Drawing for dual carriageway Highway


In developing countries most of the projects are widening of the existing road carriageway. This needs
strengthening of the existing carriageway with Profile correction followed by laying of Bituminous overlay at
the top and on the other side there is construction of a new carriageway with full Pavement structure. This
needs two separate designs for two carriageways in respect of Horizontal and Vertical alignment. In case
the height of existing embankment is low then the surfaces of two carriageways will be at different levels.
This is best done in HEADS Pro using the versatile String technique.

Split Carriageway Design for Road Widening

Site Photo of Split Carriageway stretch after Road Widening


HEADS Pro offers AASHTO method of Pavement design for Flexible Pavement with stage construction
facilities, Rigid Pavement by CRCP & JRCP, Pavement Overlay by Benkelman Beam Deflection test data
and Design of Bituminous Mixes of Bituminous Concrete, Semi Dense Bituminous Concrete, Dense
Bituminous Macadam & Bituminous Macadam based on Marshall Test data for Bulk Density, Stability and
Flow and Blended Grading of aggregates with diagram. All the designs are generated with detailed
illustrated design calculation report with relevant references to AASHTO Tables & Charts. The facility for
computation of Equivalent Standard Axles in Millions (MSA) is also available with this system.

Pavement Design
HEADS Pro provides facility for the Hydraulic design of Highway Drainage using rainfall data in the region.
Rate Analysis is also available for various Road and Bridge items. The detailed estimation of Bill of
Quantities for construction items will enable speedy estimation of the project cost.

Highway Drainage


OPTIMIZING VERTICAL PROFILE: There are two different situations for Optimizing Vertical Profile. One is

Optimization for Earthwork in Cut & Fill. This situation occurs when the road alignment is taken through
virgin ground and there is significant ups and downs in the ground. In such cases it is the engineers
requirement to design the earthwork up to the formation level with due consideration for HFL and to keep
the quantum of borrow earth as minimum as possible.

Vertical Profile optimized for earthwork in Cut & Fill

The other situation occurs when the road alignment is taken over an existing road and it has Black top
surface in fair to good condition. This requires strengthening of the existing surface to withstand the present
and future traffic load. The common treatment is application of Profile Correction Course for an average
thickness of 50 to 60 mm and followed by construction of Pavement Overlay most commonly by using
Bituminous Macadam.

Vertical Profile optimized for Profile Correction and Bituminous Overlay



The road Cross section may be for new construction for either dual or single carriageway road with various
pavement layers for full pavement structure designed for any new road to be constructed.

Cross section Drawing for new single carriageway construction

Some times the existing single carriageway 2 lane road is proposed for rehabilitation after carrying out
Benkelman Beam Deflection test and within the limited budgetary provisions. Here the central portion may
be treated with Profile correction and a course of pavement overlay commonly by Bituminous Macadam or
Dense Bituminous Macadam. In case the edges on both the sides are broken or damaged then full
pavement structure for limited width may be proposed at the edges in such sections. HEADS Pro computes
the quantities for Profile Correction Course (PCC), Overlay and for side layers with best possible accuracy
and produces the drawings with various levels at specified distances. These drawings are most essentials
for such construction.

Cross section Drawing for Road Rehabilitation projects


HEADS Pro in Design of Junctions, Intersections & Interchanges

Design of multi level grade separated interchange is a marvel of highway engineering produced by HEADS
PRO. The accuracy of loop formation, bearing matching, maintaining the weaving distance are done very

Trumpet Interchange for Fully Access Controlled Closed Toll Expressways


Design of At Grade road intersection



The best possible design option may be selected from various alternatives to best suit the site condition. For
Presentations & Meetings sophisticated CAD drawings are produced to observe the best proposal.

PLAN & PROFILE CAD Drawing in Grade Separated Rotary Intersection

Interactive CAD Based Design for Grade Separated Rotary Intersection


HEADS Pro in


Design of Roads in Hilly Terrain requires special techniques and the appropriate technology is available with
HEADS Pro to design Hair Pin bends, Provision of Retaining wall on the Fill side and Gabbion wall on the
cut side. Some times there is need for varying slopes on the cut side depending on the depth of the cut.
HEADS Pro interface facility takes care of all these requirements and produces Plan, Long Section and
Cross Section drawings following the project requirements with zero compromise.

Hill Road Alignment Design

Hill roads with hair pin bends, retaining walls, drains are designed with additional considerations to suit the
existing site, construction possibilities, safety requirements, aesthetics and finally adopting the countrys
design standard.

Hill Road Alignment Design


Provisions for Extra Widening following the countrys design standard is important in the design of Hill
Roads which is not available in the market available softwares, so the designer must be careful in selecting
the right software product to keep provisions of inside/outside/bothsides widening at curves.

Bearing Line datas processing is also another important feature in applying a software for Hill Road
design in combination with Cross Section Survey data. This must be checked for the software intended to
be used for Hill road design.

Hill Road design is best done with Extra widening and Bearing Line data


For Widening of Hill Roads using Varying Slopes on Cut side depending on Depth and
using Gabion Wall on Cut side and Retaining wall on Fill/Valley side is best designed.

Proposed Hill Road Cross Section for Carriageway Widening

Designing on Survey data with Bearing Line, provision of Extra widening at curves at Inside or
Outside or Either side, enables the designer for optimum use of the available Right of Way.

Hill Road widening project


HEADS Pro in


For the design of railways at design speed 120 KPH or more by following relevant International Standard,
HEADS Pro Rail is the most appropriate road design software.HEADS Pro creates 3 dimensional
perspective view of the terrain and the designed railway. It can convert the design output in LandXML format
and supports Visualization and Drive Through by compatible software. Drive through is helpful identifying the
unsafe sections of the designed motorway along with the surrounding features.

3 Dimensional Perspective view and LandXML for Drive Through Visualization

Industry Best Quality Construction drawings are produced as Ready to Print Form


HEADS Pro in


Tunnel may be designed for Roads, Railways, Metro Rails, Hydroelectric Power, Mines etc. The
use of Robot Total Stations similar to Trimble S series [S8] the design is done in the simplest
way for complex situations and finally computing As-Built Over & Under Cut Quantity in respect of
Design Cut Quantity. The adjustment of Tunnel axis by curve fitting is done on As Built sections.

Complete facilities for Tunnel Design and Construction

Cross Section Details with Quantities for Design Cut, As built Cut, Undercut, Overcut facilitated with
provisions for defining Pay Line around Cross section Boundary.


HEADS Pro in Stream Hydrology & Synthetic Unit Hydrograph

Stream Hydrology is computed in details from Terrain Topography by transforming Transverse marcator
data to Universal Tranverse marcator (UTM) data, Referring to WGS84 origin and directly downloaded from
Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) without Topo maps. Discharge Location at Bridge is measured
from farthest point of the River for water discharge at the Bridge location. The environment is 3D CAD, fully
compatible to other CAD softwares.

Synthetic Unit Hydrograph is plotted by comparing sum of discharge for 1 hour interval of Time and
volume of 1 cm direct Runoff.


HEADS Pro in

COST ESTIMATION by Analysis of Item Rates

With In built formulas on components of Materials, Equipment and Labourer the Unit Item Rates
are computed for most of the Embankment, Pavement, Culvert, Bridge and other work in

Complete facilities of Item Rate Analysis in Worksheet

HEADS Pro in Cracked/Damaged Pavement Improvement

The cost of Pavement structure is important for every road project and compromising with the
structure will not allow the pavement to last long. So the cost reduction is to be done without
lowering its strength. Now products are available to incorporate the pavement to increase the
strength and longevity at a lesser cost. This is commonly done by laying Geosynthetics layer in
between the layers of Asphalt concrete and Dense Bituminous Macadam and also by laying Jute
Geotextiles at the top of the Subgrade layer.
Geosynthetics are not decomposable but Jute Geotextiles are decomposable and both increase
the life of pavement significantly. Jute Geotextiles are very useful when the road is to be
constructed in unstable ground. It is available in plenty in India and Bangladesh and is an
inexpensive material. If the ground is stable but traffic load is high then the pavement structure
becomes expensive. To reduce the cost either less expensive layers or lesser thickness are to be
thought of. In such case if the strength is to be maintained same as the original structure then
incorporating of Geosynthetics is an effective solution.
This requires correct analysis to determine the strength of the pavement structure by using
various layers of different strength and thicknesses. Every pavement option may also be studied
with and without incorporating the Geosynthetics.


The strength of pavement is required by obtaining the Elastic modulus and Poissons ratio. The
various companies are producing Falling weight Deflectometer, one of them is Dynatest
(www.dynatest.com) and for analysis software HEADS Pro may be used for various options.
In HEADS Pro software option is available for Analysis for Layered pavement System. It may be
used for 2 or 3 or 4 layer Pavement system, where the Layers may be combined to define as a
Bound (Asphalt/Bituminous) Layer, Unbound layer (Granular Base), Sub Base and Sub Grade.
The input is required for Thickness of each Layer (excluding Subgrade), Modulus of Elasticity of
each Layer and Poissons ration of each Layer (excluding Subgrade).
The final result is produced as : Horizontal Strain, Vertical Stress and Vertical Deflection at
the interface of each two Layers. The above results are improved by incorporating
Geosynthetics or any other type of Reinforcement is used. The Analysis Report is generated with
details of all Formulae and Calculation Steps and is highly useful for the users.

Analysis for Layered Pavement System

Analysis for Layered Pavement SystemResult


Laying of Geogrids are in progress

Geogrids Layed over cracked surface

before laying the wearing course to
strengthen the weakened asphalt course

Selection of Geogrids


Comparative study of results obtained from HEADS PRO

Horizontal Strain

Pavement without


Pavement with


Vertical Stress

0.824 N/sq.mm.(MPa)

0.773 N/sq.mm.(MPa)

Vertical Deflection

0.388 mm.

0.349 mm.

Table: Comparing the results

A number of field tests are available to test the strength of the pavement at site after construction
but it is very rare to find a facility to estimate the results before construction. So the procedure
described above is expected to be highly useful to project authorities and consultants to decide
on the pavement structure and the type of reinforcement to be used. This will ensure increased
design life of pavement at a lesser cost.

Salient Features cum Technical Specifications:

Applications for Land Survey , DTM and GPS:

Processing of Total station Survey data,

Development of Ground Modeling,
Digital Terrain Model, Digital Mapping, producing Survey Base Plan,
Ground Long and Cross Sections,
Contouring, Perspective views,
Traverse Co-ordinates correction by Bowditch, Transit, Closed Link, EDM Applications,
GPS Survey and Co ordinate Transformations,
Storage of Ground information in Layered CAD System compatible to AutoCAD, MicroStation etc.,
In-built CAD graphics and design system is very sophisticated and full of drawing features

String based software generally starts functioning using the Detail Survey data primarily using Total Station
instrument. But there are a lot more tasks to do in an actual project, before obtaining the Detail Survey data.
These essential tasks are most commonly the Obtaining two Reference points at every 5 Kilometres using
GPS instrument, Using the GPS Co-ordinates carrying out Traverse Survey by using Total Station
instrument, Obtaining Correct Traverse Co-ordinates by Bowditch or Transit or Closed Link method followed
by installation of Reference Pillars to help in carrying out the Detail Survey. These are essential tasks for
any Detail Survey project. The GPS data is more reliable if obtained in the form of Longitude and Latitude
(than in the form of East North), the Long Lat data may be converted to Easting and Northing by using
correct parameters specific to the location in the globe. Once the GPS data are available in Easting and
Northing, these become usable by the Total Station instrument. The data conversion needs correct
parameters and the process is also quite cumbersome. Additionally the Correction of Traverse Co-ordinates
to install Reference Pillars also needs considerable amount of time and effort by the engineers at the project
site. Here comes HEADS Pro as the complete one stop solution for all these requirements by the site
engineers at simplest effort. Being a String based software HEADS Pro is very versatile to handle various
site situations and eventually comes as an All Complete Solution for various Transportation Engineering


Applications for Engineering Design :

Alignment design for Highways, Low cost rural roads, Tunnels, Railways, MRT, LRT etc.

Processing Geometric design with complete set of site setting-out information

Producing best formatted construction drawings for PLAN, PROFILE, Cross Sections

Produces Estimation of Quantities,

Analysis of Item Unit Rates,

Flexible pavement design as per IRC SP 20, SP 72, AASHTO etc.,

Rigid Concrete Pavement design

Pavement Overlay design

Layered System Analysis for Pavement improvement using Geotextiles, Fiber

reinforcements etc.

Bituminous Mix Design

Hydrological design of road Drainage,

Multi-level Grade separated Interchanges etc.

Detailed and well formatted Design Reports and Drawings.

Produces LANDXML output for 3D Visualization Drive Through by software UC/winRoad.


Applications for Construction:

Processing Cross Sections Survey by Auto Level,

Bill of Quantities for Running Account Billing

Chainage wise Cross Section Drawings,

Analysis for Unit Item Rates,

Generating Site Setting out details with desired modifications as and when required,

Preparation of As built Drawings

Alignment Control for Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM),

String Tables with Elevations at Normal Cross fall & Super elevated sections for construction by
advanced motor grader and Paver.

Special Points on Technical Specifications

Co-ordinate Conversion to exchange data between GPS & Total Station.

Traverse Survey with String Modeling and closing error distribution.

Contouring with user defined intervals and display of Elevations.

DTM is accurate & can take up to 300,000 points.

Model Strings may take up to 20,000 Strings.

Conceptualization of Route Alignment on Aerial Photograph / Satellite Imagery.

Co-ordinate transformation from Long-Lat to East-North and the reverse

Low Cost Rural Road design using IRC SP 19, SP 20 & SP 72.

Design and estimating of Rural Roads with No Land Acquisition criterion

Optimized road profile design for Exact Quantity of Pavement, Profile correction & Overlay.

Design of Hill Roads with Sharp bends and variety of design conditions.

Expressway design with Speed higher than 100 KPH following AASHTO.

Hydrological design of Highway Drainage.

Pavement design & Cost Estimation with Analysis for Unit Item Rates.

Asphalt Concrete Mix Design & Quality Control.

Auto level survey for Cross Sections and Bill of Quantities.

Extended ground in Cross Section drawing to show full Survey Corridor.

Built-in CAD engine for viewing and editing drawings compatible to AutoCAD.

DXF Plan, Profile & Cross Section Drawings compatible to all CAD software.

Long Section Drawing with Alignment & Super Elevation details, even in Pieces.

Plan drawings in sheet wise pieces by Sheet Layout.

Interactive design for a length of 100 Km in one go (in True Sense).

Control on Shifting of Alignment for Tunnel Centre Line.

Design interchangeability with other popular Road design software.

3D perspective view from various angles

Exporting LANDXML data for Drive Through Simulation by UC winRoad.

Straight forward interactive design for Main Alignment & Interchange Loops.

Irregular occurrence of Service Roads on either side and change of cross section.


Other HEADS range of products are HEADS Rail and HEADS Site,
HEADS Rail have special applications for their Geometrics for applications in all types of Rail Routes and
Rail Yards, Mass & Light Rail transit system, Metro Rails, Mono Rails, etc.
HEADS Site is available for Township Planning, Land Grading, Cut Fill Quantity, Water Distribution System,
Planning for Airports, Open cast Mines using Traverse Survey, EDM, Coordinate Conversion, Digital Terrain
Model, SRTM Ground Elevation data from internet, Data aligning for GPS conversion in UTM system.

TechSOFT Engineering Services

Web site:

+91 9331 9330 39

+91 33 4008 3349
+91 33 2574 6314
+91 33 6526 1190
+91 33 4008 3349