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# COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

## Given: Weight of satellite,

W = 1000 lb

Speed of satellite,

## Find: Kinetic energy, T

h
v = (14,000 mi/h )( 5280 ft/mi )
= 20,533 ft/s
3600 s
Mass of satellite =

T =

(1000 lb )
32.2 ft/s 2

## = 31.0559 lbs 2 /ft

1
1
2
mv 2 = ( 31.0559 )( 20,533) = 6.5466 109 lb ft
2
2
T = 6.55 109 lb ft

## Note: Acceleration of gravity has no effect on the mass of the satellite.

T = 6.55 109 lb ft !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Circumference
v=

Time

v=

## ( 2 )( 6370 km + 35,800 km )(1000 m/km )

( 23 hr )( 3600 s/hr ) + ( 56 min )( 60 s/hr )

= 3075.2 m/s

v = 3075.2 m/s
Kinetic energy, T =

1
1
2
mv 2 = ( 500 kg )( 3075.2 m/s )
2
2
T = 2.36 GJ !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

m = 2 kg

## Given: Mass of stone,

v = 24 m/s

Velocity of stone,

g m = 1.62 m/s 2

## Acceleration of gravity on the moon,

Find:
(a) Kinetic energy, T
Height h, from which the stone was dropped
(b) T and h on the Moon
T =

## (a) On the Earth

1 2 1
2
mv = ( 2 kg )( 24 m/s ) = 576 N m
2
2

T = 576 J !

## W = mg = ( 2 kg ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 19.62 N

T1 = U1 2 = T2
Wh = T2

h=

T1 = 0

U1 2 = Wh

T2 = 576 J

( 576 N m ) = 29.36 m
T2
=
W
(19.62 N )
h = 29.4 m !

## (b) On the Moon

m = 2 kg

Mass is unchanged.

T = 576 J !

Thus T is unchanged.
Weight on the moon is,

Wm = mg m = ( 2 kg ) 1.62 m/s 2

Wm = 3.24 N
hm =

( 576 N m ) = 177.8 m
T
=
Wm
3.24 N
hm = 177.8 m !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 4.

1 lb
1
m = 1.6203

2
16 oz 32.2 ft/s

(a) T =

1
1 1.62
2
m v2 =
(160 ft/s)
2
2 16(32.2)

T = 40.2 ft-lb !

At maximum height,
v = vx = (160 ft/s) cos 25

(b) T =

1
m (160cos 25)2
2
T = 33.1 ft-lb !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

At 1
Fy = 0

Fy = 0

At 2

N1 mg cos 30 = 0
N1 = mg cos 30

N 2 mg = 0
N 2 = mg

## Work and energy

T1 + V1 2 = T2

(1)

Where
T1 +

1
1
m v12 = m (4 ft/s) 2 = 8 m
2
2

## V1 2 = k N1 d k N 2 (20) + mg (d sin 30)

T2 =

1 2 1
mv2 = m (8)2 = 32 m
2
2

Into (1)
8 m k mgd cos 30 k mg (20) + mgd sin 30 = 32 m

Solve for d =

32 8 + k g 20
32 8 + (0.25) (32.2) (20)
=
= 20.3 ft !
k g cos 30 + g sin 30
( 0.25) (32.2) (0.866 + 32.2 (0.5))

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

T1 + V1 2 = T2

## (a) Use work and energy from A to B.

T1 =

1
1 50
2
mv12 =
(40) = 1242.24 ft lb
2
2 32.2

(Stops at top)

T2 = 0

U1 2 = Nx mg x sin 20

N is needed
Fy = 0

## N = W cos 20 = (50 lb) cos 20 = 46.985 lb

So
U1 2 = 0.15(46.985) x 50sin 20 x
= 24.149 x

Substitute
1242.24 24.149 x = 0
x = 51.44 ft

## (b) Package returns to A use work and energy from B to A

T2 + U 2 3 = T3

Where

T2 = 0 (At B)
U 2 3 = W sin 20 x k Nx
= (50) sin 20 (51.44) 0.15(46.985) (51.44)
= 517.13 ft lb

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

x = 51.4 ft !

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

T3 =

1
1 50 2
2
mv32 =
v3 = 0.7764 v3
2
2 32.2

Substitute
0 + 517.13 = 0.7764 v32

v3 = 25.81 ft/s

v3 = 25.8 ft/s

20 !

T1 T3 =

1
1
m v12 m v22
2
2

1 50
2
2

(40 25.81 )
2 32.2

= 725 ft lb

## Energy dissipated = 725 ft lb !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Given: Automobile Weight W = mg = (2000 kg) (9.81)

W = 19, 620 N
Initial Velocity A,

v A = 0 m/s

Incline Angle,

= 6

vC = 0

## Find; speed of automobile at point B, vB

Coefficient of static friction,
(a)

## U A B = WhA B (19620 N) (150 m)sin 6

= 307.63 103 N m

U A B = TB TA =
307.63 103 N m =

1 2
mv 0
2

1
(2000 kg) vB2 0
2
vB = 17.54 m/s !

(b)

U A C = WhA C Fd B C = TC TA = 0
d B C = 20 m

F=N

## Where = coefficient of static friction

U AC = (19620 N) (sin 6) (170 m) F (20 m)
F = (19620 N) cos 6
(19620 N) (sin 6) (170 m) (19620 N) (cos 6) (20 m) = 0

170
tan 6 = 0.893
20

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

= 0.893 !

## W = (2000) (9.81) = 19620 N

Initial velocity at A, v A = 0 m/s

Incline Angle,

= 6

## Vehicle costs 150 m from A to B

Vehicle skids 20 m from B to C
Dynamic friction coefficient,

= 0.75

Find: Work done on automobile by air resistance and rolling resistance between points A and C.
U AC = U R + WhAC F (20 m) = TC TA = 0
F = N = 0.75 (19620 N) cos 6

UR = Resistance work
= 0.75 (19620 N) cos 6 (20 m) (19620 N)sin 6 (170 m)
U R = 56.0 103 N m
or 56.0 103 J !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 9.

FN = N 90cos 20 P sin 50 = 0
N = 90 cos 20 + P sin 50

T2 =

1 90 lb
2

(2 ft/s)
2 32.2 ft/s 2

## ( P cos 50) 3 (90sin 20) (3) 0.35 (90cos 20 + P sin 50)3 = T2

P (3 cos 50 0.35(3) sin 50) = 90sin 20 (3) + 0.35 (90cos 20) (3) +
P=

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

1 90 2

(2)
2 32.2
186.736
= 166.1 lb !
1.12402

T2 =

1 3 2

v2
2 32.2
v2 = 51.8 ft/s !

h =

## (c) At the return:

275
,
3
U 3 4 = + 3(91.6667) = T4 =

h = 91.7 ft !
1 3 2

v4
2 32.2
v4 = 76.8 ft/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Friction and other masses are neglected

Find: Velocity of the block after 0.6 m, v
From the Law of Cosines
d 2 = (1.2) 2 + (0.6)2 2(1.2) (0.6) cos 15
d 2 = 0.4091 m 2
d = 0.63958 m
U C = WC (Distance pulley C lowered)

WA = 7(9.81) = 68.67 N

2

## U A = 68.67 N (sin15) (0.6 m) = 10.6639 N m

U = T2 T1 = U C U A
1
mA v 2 0 = U C U A
2
1
(7 kg) v 2 = (39.229 10.6639) N m
2
v 2 = 8.1615
v = 2.857 m/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

v = 2.86 m/s

15 !

1.5 m/s up.

## After moving 0.6 m the velocity is 3 m/s.

Find: work done by friction force on the block, Vf J
From the Law of Cosines
d 2 = (1.2) 2 + (0.6)2 2(1.2) (0.6) (cos 15)
d 2 = 0.4091m 2
d = 0.63958m

WA = 7(9.81) = 68.67 N

1
2

## U A = 68.67 N (sin15) (0.6 m) = 10.664 N m

U C + U A U friction = T2 T1 =

1
mA [v22 v12 ]
2

## 39.229 10.664 U friction =

1
(7 kg)[(3)2 (1.5) 2 ] m 2
2

## U friction = 39.229 + 10.664 + 23.625

= 4.94 J
U friction = 4.94 J !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 13.

v = v0

Given: At A,
For AB,

k = 0.40

At B,

v = 2 m/s

Find: v0
TA =

1 2
mv0
2

TB =

1 2
1
2
mvB = m ( 2 m/s )
2
2

TB = 2 m
U A B = (W sin15 k N ) ( 6 m )
F = 0

N Wcos15 = 0

N = W cos15
U A B = W ( sin15 0.40cos15 )( 6 m )
U A B = ( 0.76531) W = 0.76531 mg
TA + U A B = TB
1 2
mv0 0.76531 mg = 2 m
2

## v02 = ( 2) 2 + ( 0.76531) 9.81 m/s 2

))

v02 = 19.0154
v0 = 4.36 m/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 14.

Given: At A,

v = v0

At B,

v=0

k = 0.40

For AB,
Find: v0
TA =

1 2
mv0
2

TB = 0

U A B = (Wsin15 k N ) ( 6 m )
F = 0

N W cos15 = 0
N = W cos15

U A B = W ( sin15 0.40cos15 )( 6 m )
U A B = ( 0.76531) W = 0.76531 mg
TA + U A B = TB
1 2
mv0 0.76531 mg = 0
2

## v02 = ( 2 )( 0.76531) 9.81 m/s 2

v02 = 15.015
v0 = 3.87 m/s !
Down to the left.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Car C

So,
Car B

So,
Also,

## v1 = (54 km/h) (1h/3600s) (1000 m/km) = 15 m/s

(a) Work and energy for the train
T1 + U1 2 = T2
1
(35 103 + 45 103 + 35 103 ) (15)2 (120.173 103 + 154.508 103 ) x = 0
2
x = 47.10 m
x = 47.1 m !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## (b) Force in each coupling

Car A

T1 + U1 2 = T2

1
2
35 103 (15) FAB ( 47.10) = 0
2
FAB = 83.599 103 N
FAB = 83.6 kN !

Tension

Car C

T1 + U1 x = T2

1
2
35 103 (15) + FBC 120.173 103 ( 47.10) = 0
2

## Solve for FBC

FBC = 36.6 103 N
FBC = 36.6 kN !

Tension

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 16.

Fy = 0 N A M A g = 0

Car A

so,

## FA = ( 0.35) 343.35 103 = 120.173 103 N

v1 = ( 54 km/h ) = 15 m/s
(a)

## Work - energy for the entire train

T1 + U1 2 = T2

) (

) (

1
2
35 103 + 45 103 + 35 103 (15 ) 120.173 103 x = 0

2
x = 107.66 m

x = 107.7 m !
(b)

## Force in each coupling

Car A
T1 + U1 2 = T2

1
2
35 103 (15) FAB + 120.173 103
2

) (107.66) = 0

## FAB = 83.60 103 N

FAB = 83.6 kN !
Compression

Car C

T1 + U1 2 = T2

1
2
35 103 (15) + FBC (107.66) = 0
2
FBC = 36.57 103 N
FBC = 36.6 kN !
Compression

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Car B:

## Given: Car B towing car A uphill at A constant speed of 30 ft/s

Car B skids to a stop. k = 0.9
Car A strikes rear of car B.
Find: Speed of car A before collision, vA
Let d = Distance traveled by car B after braking.
U1 2 = T2 T1

1
m vB2 = ( mg sin 5 F ) d
2

1
2
m ( 30)
2
d =
mg sin 5+ 0.9 mg cos 5
d =

450
450
=
32.2 ( sin 5+ 0.9 cos 5) ( 32.2)( 0.9837 )

d = 14.206 ft traveled by B

Car A:

U1 C = TA T1 =

1
1
mv A2 mv12
2
2

## ( mg sin 5)( d + 15) =

1
1
2
mv A2 m ( 30 )
2
2

1 2
v A 450 = ( 32.2sin 5 )(14.206 + 15)
2
1 2
v A = 368.036
2
v A = 27.13

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

v A = 27.1 ft/s !

## Given: Car B tows car A at 30 ft/s uphill.

Car A brakes for 4 wheels skid k = 0.8
Car B continues in same gear and throttle setting.
Find: (a) distance, d, traveled to stop
(b) tension in cable
(a) F1 = Traction force (from equilibrium)
F1 = ( 3000 ) sin 5 + ( 2500 ) sin 5

NB = 2500 cos 5
NA = 3000 cos 5
F = 0.8 NA

= 5500sin 5

For system A + B
U1 2 = ( F1 3000 sin 5 2500sin 5) F d
T2 T1 = 0

Since

1
1 5500
2
mA + B v2 =
( 30)
2
2 32.2

## ( F1 3000 sin 5 2500 sin 5) = 0

Fd = 0.8 ( 3000 cos 5) d = 76863 ft lb
d = 32.1 ft !

## (b) cable tension, T

U1 2 = (T 0.8 N A WA sin 5 )( 32.149 ) = T2 T1

## (T 0.8 ( 3000 )( cos 5) 3000 sin 5) ( 32.149 ) =

(T

3000 ( 30 )
2 ( 32.2 )

2652.3) = 1304
= 1348 lb
T = 1348 lb !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 19.

Given: Blocks A, B released from rest and friction and masses of pulleys
neglected.
Find: (a) Velocity of block A, vA, after moving down dA = 1.5 ft.
(b) The tension in the cable.
vB =

1
vA
3

dB =

1
dA
3

v A + 3 vB = 0

(a) constraint
Also,

## U1 2 = WA ( sin 30) d A WB ( sin 30) d B

1.5
= 20 ( sin 30 )(1.5 ) 16 ( sin 30 )

= 11 ft lb
T1 = 0, T2 =
=

1
2

1
1
m A v A2 + mB vB2
2
2
2

20 2 1 16 v A
2

vA +
= 0.33816 v A
32.2
2
32.2
3

U1 2 = T2 T1 ; 11 = 0.33816 v A2

v A = 5.703

v A = 5.70 ft/s

30 !

## (b) For A alone

U1 2 = WA ( sin 30) d A T ( d A ) =
20 ( 0.5 )(1.5 ) T (1.5) =

1
2

1
2
mA ( v A )
2

2
20

( 5.703) = 10.102
32.2

T = 3.265 ft lb
T = 3.27 ft lb !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Given: System at rest when 500 N force is applied to collar A. No

friction. Ignore pulleys mass.
Find: (a) Velocity, v A of A just before it hits C.
(b) v A If counter weight B is replaced by a 98.1 N
downward force.
Kinematics

X B = 2X A
vB = 2v A
(a) Blocks A and B

T1 = 0
T2 =

T2 =

1
1
mBvB2 + mAv A2
2
2

( )

1
1
(10 kg )( 2vA )2 + ( 20 kg ) vA2
2
2

T2 = ( 30 kg )( v A )

## U1 2 = 300 + 117.72 117.72 = 300 J

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

T1 + U1 2 = T2

0 + 300 J = ( 30 kg ) v A2

v A2 = 10
v A = 3.16 m/s !
(b) Since the 10 kg mass at B is replaced by a 98.1 N force, kinetic
energy at 2 is,
T2 =

1
1
mAv A2 = ( 20 kg ) v A2
2
2

T1 = 0

## The work done is the same as in part (a)

U1 2 = 300 J

T1 + U1 2 = T2

0 + 300 J = (10 kg ) v A2

v A2 = 30
v A = 5.48 m/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Given: System at rest when 500 N force is applied to collar A. No

friction. Ignore pulleys mass.
Find: (a) Velocity, v A of A just before it hits C.
(b) v A If counter weight B is replaced by a 98.1 N
downward force.
Kinematics
X B = 2X A
vB = 2v A
(a) Blocks A and B
T1 = 0
T2 =

T2 =

1
1
mBvB2 + mAv A2
2
2

( )

1
1
(10 kg )( 2vA )2 + ( 20 kg ) vA2
2
2

T2 = ( 30 kg )( v A )

## 10 kg 9.81 m/s 2 (1.2 m )

U1 2 = 300 + 117.72 117.72 = 300 J

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## PROBLEM 13.21 CONTINUED

T1 + U1 2 = T2

0 + 300 J = ( 30 kg ) v A2

v A2 = 10
v A = 3.16 m/s !
(b) Since the 10 kg mass at B is replaced by a 98.1 N force, kinetic
energy at 2 is,
T2 =

1
1
mAv A2 = ( 20 kg ) v A2
2
2

T1 = 0

## The work done is the same as in part (a)

U1 2 = 300 J
T1 + U1 2 = T2

0 + 300 J = (10 kg ) v A2

v A2 = 30
v A = 5.48 m/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Given:

## System released from rest.

Block A hits the ground without rebound.
Block B reaches a height of 1.18 m.
Find: (a) v A just before block A hits the ground.
(b) Energy, EP , dissipated by the pulley friction.
(a) vB at 2 = v A at 2 just before impact.
from 2 to 3; Block B
T3 = 0

1
1
mBvB2 = ( 4 ) vB2 = 2vB2
2
2

T2 =

## U 2 3 = ( 4 kg ) 9.81 m/s 2 ( 0.18 m ) = 7.0632 J

T2 + U 2 3 = T3;

2vB2 = 7.0632;

vB2 = v A2 = 3.5316

vB2 = 3.5316

vB = v A = 1.8793

v A = 1.879 m/s !

## (b) From 1 to 2 Blocks A and B,

T1 = 0

T2 =

v2 = vB = v A = 1.793 m/s

## Just before impact

T2 =

1
( mA + mB ) v22
2

1
(10 + 4 )(1.8793)2 = 24.722 J
2

U1 2 = WA ( 0.5 ) WB ( 0.5 ) EP ;
EP = Energy dissipated by pulley

## U1 2 = 9.81 m/s 2 (10 4 ) kg ( 0.5 m ) EP = 29.43 EP

T1 + U1 2 = T2 ;

0 + 29.43 EP = 24.722

EP = 4.708

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

EP = 4.71 J !

mA = 8 kg;

Given:

mB = 10 kg;

mC = 6 kg

## System released from rest.

Collar C removed after blocks move 1.8 m.
Find: v A , just before it strikes the ground.
Position 1 to position 2
v1 = 0

T1 = 0

## At 2, before C is removed from the system

T2 =

1
( mA + mB + mC ) v22
2

T2 =

1
( 24 kg ) v22 = 12v22
2

U1 2 = ( mA + mC mB ) g (1.8 m )
U1 2 = ( 8 + 6 10 ) g (1.8 m ) = 70.632 J
T1 + U1 2 = T2 ;

0 + 70.632 = 12v22

v22 = 5.886
Position 2 to position 3
1
18
T2 = ( mA + mB ) v22 =
( 5.886 ) = 52.974
2
2
T3 =

1
( mA + mB ) v32 = 9v32
2

## U 2 3 = ( m A mB ) g ( 2 0.6 ) = ( 2 kg ) 9.81 m/s 2 (1.4 m )

U 2 3 = 27.468 J
T2 + U 2 3 = T3 = 52.974 27.468 = 9v32
v32 = 2.834

v3 = 1.68345

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

v A = 1.683 m/s !

m A = 8 kg;

Given:

mB = 10 kg;

mC = 6 kg

## System released from rest.

Collar C removed after blocks move 1.8 m.
Find: v A , just before it strikes the ground.
Position 1 to position 2
v1 = 0

T1 = 0

## At 2, before C is removed from the system

T2 =

1
( mA + mB + mC ) v22
2

T2 =

1
( 24 kg ) v22 = 12v22
2

U1 2 = ( mA + mC mB ) g (1.8 m )
U1 2 = (8 + 6 10 ) g (1.8 m ) = 70.632 J
T1 + U1 2 = T2 ;

0 + 70.632 = 12v22

v22 = 5.886

Position 2 to position 3
T2 =

1
18
( mA + mB ) v22 = ( 5.886 ) = 52.974
2
2

T3 =

1
( mA + mB ) v32 = 9v32
2

## U 2 3 = ( m A mB ) g ( 2 0.6 ) = ( 2 kg ) 9.81 m/s 2 (1.4 m )

U 2 3 = 27.468 J
T2 + U 2 3 = T3 = 52.974 27.468 = 9v32
v32 = 2.834

v3 = 1.68345

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

v A = 1.683 m/s !

## Chapter 13, Solution 24.

Given: Conveyor is disengaged, packages held by friction and system is released from rest. Neglect mass of
belt and rollers. Package 1 leaves the belt as package 4 comes onto the belt.
Find: (a) Velocity of package 2 as it leaves the belt at A.
(b) Velocity of package 3 as it leaves the belt at A.
(a) Package 1 falls off the belt, and 2, 3, 4 move down.

2.4
= 0.8 m
3

T2 = 3 mv22
2

T2 =

3
( 3 kg ) v22
2

T2 = 4.5v22
U1 2 = ( 3)(W )( 0.8 ) = ( 3)( 3 kg ) 9.81 m/s 2 ( 0.8 )
U1 2 = 70.632 J
T1 + U1 2 = T2

0 + 70.632 = 4.5v22
v22 = 15.696
v2 = 3.9618

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

v2 = 3.96 m/s !

## Chapter 13, Solution 25.

T1 + U1 2 = T2 (1)

## Work and energy

Where

T1 = 0; T2 = 0

Outer spring

V1 2 =

Work
1
1
N
2
k1 x 2 = 3000 (1.5 m )
2
2
m

= 33.75 J
Inner spring

U1 2 =

1
1
N
2
k2 x 2 = 10, 000 ( 0.06 m )
2
2
m

= 18 J
Gravity

U1 2 = mg ( h + 0.15)
= (8)( 9.81)( h + 0.15) = 78.48 h + 11.722

Total work

## U1 2 = 33.75 18 + 78.48 h + 11.772

= 39.978 + 78.48 h

## Substituting into (1)

0 39.978 + 78.48 h = 0
h = 0.5094 m
h = 509 mm !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Work and energy

x > 0.09 m

Assume

T1 + U1 2 = T2

(1)

T1 = 0; T2 = 0

Where
Work
Outer spring

U1 21 =

Inner spring

U1 22 =

1
1
k1 x 2 = ( 3000 ) x 2 = 1500 x 2
2
2

1
2
2
k2 ( x 0.09) = 5000 ( x 0.09)
2

U1 2 = mg ( x + 0.6)

Gravity

Total work
2

## U1 2 = 1500 x 2 5000 ( x 0.09 ) + 78.48 x + 47.09

Substitute into (1)
6500 x 2 + 978.48 x + 6.588 = 0
Solve
x = 0.1570 m

or

0.00646

## Reject negative solution

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

x = 157.0 mm !

## Given: A 0.7 lb block rests on a 0.5 lb block which is not attached to a

spring of constant 9 lb/ft; upper block is suddenly removed.
Find: (a) vmax of 0.5 lb block
(b) maximum height reached by the 0.5 lb block

(a)

At the initial position (1), the force in the spring equals the weight of both
blocks, i.e., 1.2 lb.
Thus at a distance x, the force in the spring is,
Fs = 1.2 kx
Fs = 1.2 9 x

Max velocity of the 0.5 lb block occurs while the spring is still in contact
with the block.
T1 = 0

T2 =

1 2 1 0.5 2 0.25 2
mv =
v
v =
g
2
2 g

## U1 2 = 0 (1.2 9 x ) dx 0.5x = 0.7 x

x

T1 + U1 2 = T2 = 0.7 x

9 2
x
2

9 2 0.25 2
x =
v
g
2

v 2 = 4 g 0.7 x x 2
2

Vmax when

dv
= 0 = 0.7 9 x x = 0.077778 ft
dx

9
2

2
vmax
= 4 g 0.7 ( 0.077778 ) ( 0.077778 )
2

2
vmax
= 3.5063

vmax = 1.87249
vmax = 1.872 ft/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(b)

x0 = Initial compression
x0 =

1.2 lb
= 0.133333 ft
9 lb/ft

Fs = 1.2 9 x
T1 = 0, T3 = 0
x

U1 3 = 0 0 Fs dx 0.5h
U1 3 = 0 0 (1.2 9 x ) dx 0.5h
x

= 1.2 x0

9 2
x0 0.5h
2

= 1.2 ( 0.133333)

9
( 0.133333)2 0.5h
2

= 0.08 0.5h
T1 + U1 3 = T3 : 0 + ( 0.08 0.5h ) = 0
h = 0.16 ft
h = 1.920 in. !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## (a) Same as 13.25 solution for Part (a)

(b) With 0.5 lb block attached to the spring, refer to figure in (b) of Problem 13.27.
T1 = 0

T3 = 0

U1 3 = 0 (1.2 9 x ) dx 0.5h
h

## Since the spring remains attached to the 0.5 lb block,

the integration must be carried out for the total distance, h.

T1 + U1 3 = T3

0 + 0.7h

9 2
h =0
2

2
h=
( 0.7 lb ) = 0.155556 ft
9 lb/ft

h = 1.86667 in.

h = 1.867 in. !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Position 1, initial condition

Position 2, spring deflected 5 inches
Position 3, initial contact of spring with collar
2

18 + 5 1
5
18 + 5
U1 2 = F
( 60 ) + 7.5
sin 30
12
2
12

12
(Friction)
(Spring)
(Gravity)

T1 = T2 = 0, U1 2 = 0
2

23 1
5
23
0 = ( 7.5) ( 0.866) ( 60) + 7.5 ( 0.5)
12 2
12
12

= 0.1590 !

(a)
(b)

## Max speed occurs just before contact with the spring

1 7.5 2
18
18
U1 3 = ( 7.5) ( 0.866) + 7.5 ( 0.5) = T3 =
vmax
12
12
2 32.2
vmax = 5.92 ft/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 30.

(a) W = Weight of the block = 10 ( 9.81) = 98.1 N
xB =

1
xA
2
1
1
2
2
k A ( x A ) k B ( xB )
2
2
(Gravity) (Spring A) (Spring B)

U1 2 = W ( x A )

U1 2 = ( 98.1 N )( 0.05 m )

1
( 2000 N/m )( 0.05 m )2
2

1
( 2000 N/m ) ( 0.025 m )2
2

U1 2 =

1
1
( m) v 2 = (10 kg ) v2
2
2

1
(10) v2
2

v = 0.597 m/s !

## (b) Let x = Distance moved down by the 10 kg block

U1 2 = W ( x )

1
1 x
1
2
k A ( x ) kB = ( m) v 2
2
2 2
2

d 1
k
( m) v2 = 0 = W k A ( x ) B ( 2 x)

dx 2
8

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

0 = 98.1 2000 ( x )

2000
( 2 x ) = 98.1 ( 2000 + 250) x
8

x = 0.0436 m ( 43.6 mm )

1
(10) v 2
2

## vmax = 0.6166 m/s

vmax = 0.617 m/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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xB =

1
xA
2

## Block moves down at release after spring A is stretched 25 mm

U1 2 = W ( x A ) +

1
1
k A ( x A ) 2 k B ( xB ) 2
2
2

## (Gravity) (Spring A) (Spring B)

1
U1 2 = (98.1 N)(0.025 m) + (2000 N/m)(0.025 m)2
2
1
(2000 N/m)(0.0125 m) 2
2
1
1
= (m)v 2 = (10 kg)v 2
2
2
1
U1 2 = 2.4525 + 0.625 0.15625 = (10)v 2
2
v = 0.764 m/s
v = 0.764 m/s !
(b) Let x = Distance moved down by the 10 kg block
(for x > 25 mm)
U1 2 = Wx +

1
1
k A (0.025) k A ( x 0.025) 2
2
2
2

1 x
1
k B = ( M )v 2
2 2
2
U1 2 = 98.1x +
=

1
1
1
x
(2000)(0.025) 2 (2000)( x 0.025)2 (2000)
2
2
2
2

1
(10)v 2
2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

0=

d 1

x
(10)v 2 = 98.1 2000( x 0.025) 2000
dx 2

4
= 98.1 2000 x + 50 500 x
x=

148.1
= 0.05924 m ( = 59.24 mm)
2500

For x = 0.05924 m
U1 2 = 98.1(0.05924) + 0.625 1000(0.03424) 2 0.87734
5.8114 + 0.625 1.1724 0.87734 =

1
(10)v 2
2

## vmax = 0.937 m/s

vmax = 0.937 m/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

(a)

## Assume auto stops in 1.5 < d < 4 m.

v1 = 27.778 m/s

T1 =

1 2 1
2
mv1 = (1000 kg )( 27.778 m/s )
2
2
= 385809 J = 385.81 kJ

T2 = 0

v2 = 0

T1 + U1 2 = T2

385.81 = 120d 60

d = 3.715 m
d = 3.72 m !

## Assumption that d < 4 m is O.K.

(b) Maximum deceleration occurs when F is largest.
For

## d = 3.3401 m, F = 120 kN,

thus

(120,000 N ) = (1000 kg )( aD )
aD = 120.0 m/s 2 !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Pressures vary inversely as the volume

PL
Aa
=
P
Ax

PL =

PR
Aa
=
P
A ( 2a x )
v=0

Initially at 1

PR =
x=

Pa
x

Pa
( 2a x )

a
2

T1 = 0
x = a, T2 =

At 2,

1 2
mv
2

1
a
a
1
u1 2 = a ( PL PR ) Adx = a PaA
dx
2
2
x 2a x
a

u1 2 = paA ln x + ln ( 2a x ) a

a
3a
u1 2 = paA ln a + ln a ln ln
2
2

3a 2
4
u1 2 = paA ln a 2 ln
= paA ln
4
3

T1 + U1 2 = T2

4 1
0 + paA ln = mv 2
3 2
4
2 paA ln
3 = 0.5754 paA
v2 =
m
m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

v = 0.759

paA
!
m

## Chapter 13, Solution 34.

F =

GM E m

( h + R)2

GM E m / R 2

( Rh + 1)

GM E m
= mg 0
R2

At earths surface ( h = 0 )

GM E

GM E
= g0
R2

gh =

Thus

= mg h

g0
h
R

R2

gh =

+1

( Rh + 1)

R = 6370 km
F = mg h = WT

## At altitude h, true weight

W0 = mg 0

Assume weight
Error = E =

gh =

g0

( Rh + 1)

W0 WT
mg0 mg h
g gh
=
= 0
W0
mg0
g0
g0

E =

g0

1+ Rh

g0

1
= 1

1 + Rh

1
(a) h = 1 km: P = 100E = 100 1

1
1 + 6370

P = 0.0314% !

1
(b) h = 1000 km: P = 100E = 100 1

1 + 1000

6370

P = 25.3% !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Newtons law of gravitation

T1 =

1 2
mv0
2

R + hn

T2 =

( Fn ) dr

u1 2 = R m
m

1 2
mv
2

Fn =
R + hn

u1 2 = mg m R 2 m R m
m

mg m R 2 m
r2

dr
r2

u1 2 = mg m R 2 m

Rm Rm + hn

T1 + U1 2 = T2

1 2
Rm 1 2
mv0 + mg m Rm
= mv
2
Rm + hn 2

hn

(v
=

v2

Rm

2
2
2 gm
( v0 v )
R 2 gm
m

2
0

(1)

## Uniform gravitational field

T1 =
R + hn

u1 2 = R m
m

1 2
mv0
2

( Fu ) dr

T2 = mv 2

= mg m ( Rm + hu Rm ) = mghu

1 2
1
mv0 mg m hu = mv 2
2
2

T1 + u1 2 = T2

hu

(v
=

2
0

v2

(2)

2gm

## Divide (1) by (2)

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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hn
=
hu

( v02 v2 )

1 (2g R )
m m

U1 2 = T2 T1 =

GMm GMm

r2
r1

GMm
0
r1

thus

T1 0

1 2 GMm v 2
R2
mv =
,
= g
2
r2
2
r2

)(

2gR 2
2
v =
=
r2
r2

(a) For

= 24.1824 106 ft
v = 34,121 ft/s

(b) For

v = 6.46 mi/s !

= 21.0672 106 ft
v = 36,557 ft/s

(c) For

v = 6.92 mi/s !

## r2 = 20.9088 106 ft/s

v = 36, 695 ft/s

v = 6.95 mi/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## r0 = 620 mi + 3960 mi = 4580 mi = 24,182, 400 ft

rB = 3960 mi + 5200 mi = 9160 mi = 48,364,800 ft
y = Kx 2

Parabola:

24,182,400 ft = K ( 48,364,800 ft )

r0 = KrB2

At B:

K = 10.3381 109 ft 1
At A:

x A = rA ( sin 45 ) , y A = Kx A2 = r0 rA ( cos 45 )
r0 rA ( cos 45 ) = KrA2 ( sin 45 )

Kx A2 + x A r0 = 0
v0 = (6.5)(5280) = 34,320 ft/s
xA =

1
1 + 1 + 4 Kr0
2K

(a)

U0 A =

GMm GMm
1
1

= mv A2 mv02
rA
r0
2
2

## GM = 32.2 20.9088 106

) ,v
2

2
A

1
1
= v02 + 2GM
rA r0

1
1
2
v A2 = ( 34320 ) + 2GM

6
6
24.1824 10
14.1657 10

v A = 44734 ft/s
(b)

v A = 8.47 mi/s !

1
1
vB2 = v02 + 2GM
rB r0

1
1
2
vB2 = ( 34320 ) + 2GM

6
6
28.1824 10
48.3648 10

vB = 24408 ft/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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vB = 4.62 mi/s !

(a)

g = 1.62 m/s 2

## Use work and energy T1 + U1 2 = T2

T1 =

where

(1)

1 2 1
mv1 = m(600)2 = 180,000 m
2
2

T2 = 0 (maximum elevation)
U1 2 = mgh
= m (1.62) h = 1.62 mh
180,000 m 1.62 mh = 0

h = 111.11 103 m

h = 111.1 km !
(b) F =
W =

GMm
R2

## so T1 = 180, 000 m (same as above)

GMm
= mg GM = gR 2
R2

At some elevation r

F=

GMm
r2

so,
U1 2 =

R+h
R

1
= GMm
r

r2
R

GMm
dr
r2

1
1
= gR 2m
r2 R

1
= (1.62)(1.740 106 )2 m
6
r2 1.740 10

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Substituting into (1)

1

1
180,000 m + 4.9047 1012 m
=0
6
r2 1.74 10

Solve for r2
r2 = 1.8587 106 m
= 1858.7 km
so,

h = r2 R = 1858.7 1740
= 118.7 km
h = 118.7 km !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Assume the blocks move as one:

T2 T1 = U1 2

1
1
(mA + mB )v 2 = kx 2 U1 2 friction
2
2
1
1
(3 kg)v 2 = (180 N/m)(0.1 m) 2 (3)(9.81)(0.1)(0.1 m)
2
2
v 2 = 0.4038

v = 0.63545 m/s

## Slips at the horizontal surface

At release
Fs = 18 N

Fx = max
a = 5.02 m/s 2

18 2.94 = 3 a

For A alone:
Fx = max
18 F f = (1.5)(5.02)

F f = 10.47 N
F f = 18 7.53 = 10.47 N < s (1.5)(9.81) = (0.95)(14.175) = 13.98 N

## A and B move as one, thus (a)

(b)

v = 0.635 m/s !

vmax is max at a = 0,
Fs = F f = 0 = 180 x 2.943,

x = 0.01635 m

1
1
2
= k ( x02 x 2 ) F f ( x0 x)
(mA + mB ) vmax
2
2
1
1
2
(3)vmax
= (180)[(0.1)2 (0.01635)2 ] 2.943(0.1 0.01635)
2
2
vmax = 0.648 m/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## From problem 13.39 assuming the blocks move together,

a = 5.02 m/s 2 at release.
WA = WB = (1.5 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 ) = 14.715 N

## Block A slides on Block B

A alone:
0
1
1
(mA )v 2 = kx U1 2 friction
T2 T1 = U1 2 ,
(a)
2

1
1
(1.5)(v 2 = (180 N/m)(0.1 m 2 ) 14.175(0.3)(0.1 m)
2
2
v 2 = 0.6114

(b)

v = 0.782 m/s !

v = vmax at acceleration = 0,
Fs F f = 0 = kx kWA
180 x = (0.30)(14.715) = 4.4145,

01

T2 T1 =

x = 0.0245 m

k ( x02 x 2 ) WAk ( x0 x)

1
2
(1.5)vmax
= 0.84598 0.33329 = 0.51268
2
vmax = 0.827 m/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 41.

T1 =

1 2
mv0
2

T2 =

1 2
mv
2

U1 2 = mgl
T1 + U1 2 = T2

1 2
1
mv0 mgl = mv 2
2
2

v02 = v 2 + 2 gl
Newtons law at 2
(a) For minimum v, tension in the cord must be zero.
Thus

v 2 = gl
v02 = v 2 + 2 gl = 3gl
v0 =

3gl !

(b) Force in the rod can support the weight so that v can be zero.
Thus

v02 = 0 + 2 gl
v0 =

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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2 gl !

## Chapter 13, Solution 42.

T1 =

1 2 1
2
mv0 = m (16 ) = 128 m
2
2
T2 =

1 2
mv
2

U1 2 = mg ( 6sin )
T1 + U1 2 = T2 : 128m + 6mg sin =

1 2
mv
2

256 + 12 g sin = v 2

(a)

Newtons law

mv 2
6

## g (12 6sin ) = 256 + 12 g sin

Using (a)

18 g sin = 12 g 256
sin =

12 ( 32.2 ) 256
= 0.22498
18 ( 32.2 )

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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= 13.00 !

## Use work - energy : position 1 is bottom and position 2 is the top

T1 + U1 2 = T2

(1)

where,
T1 =

1 2
mv0
2

T2 =

1 2
mv2
2

U1 2 = mgh = mg (0.5)

## Substituting into (1)

1
1
mv02 (0.5) mg = mv22
2
2

so
v02 = v22 + g

(a)

Slender rod

v2 = 0 v0 =

(2)
g
v0 = 3.13 m/s !

Fn = ma mg =

mv22

v22 = g

## Substituting into (2)

v02 = g + g = 9.81(0.25 + 1)
= 12.2625
v0 = 3.502 m/s
v0 = 3.50 m/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Use work - energy : position 1 is at A, position 2 is at B.

T1 + U1 2 = T2
Where

(1)

T1 = 0; U1 2 = mg l sin ; T2 =

1 2
mvB
2

Substitute
0 + mg l sin =

1 2
mvB
2

vB2 = 2 g l sin

(2)

## For T = 2 W use Newtons 2nd law.

Fn = man 2W W sin =

mvB2
l

(3)

## Substitute (2) into (3)

2 mg mg sin = 2 mg

l sin
l

2 = 3sin
or sin =

2
= 41.81
3

= 41.8 !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Chapter 13, Solution 45.

vA = 0

TA = 0

TB =

1 2
1
mvB = ( 250 kg ) vB2 = 125vB2
2
2

## W = (1250 kg ) 9.81 m/s 2

U A B = W ( 27 )(1 cos 40 )

## U A B = 250 kg 9.81 m/s 2 ( 27 m )( 0.234 )

U A B = 15495 J
TA + U A B = TA
vB2 =

0 + 15495 = 125vB2

(15495 J )
(125 kg )

vB2 = 124.0 m 2 /s 2
Newtons Law at B

N W cos 40 =

## N = 250 kg 9.81 m/s

mvB2
; vB2 = 124.0 m 2 /s 2
R

) ( cos 40)

27 m

## N = 1879 1148 = 731 N

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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N = 731 N !

## Chapter 13, Solution 46.

Normal force at B
N B = 731.0 N

## See solution to Problem 13.45,

Newtons Law
From B to C (car moves in a straight line)

N B W cos 40 = 0

## At C and D (car in the curve at C)

At C
N C W cos =

W vC2
g R

v2
NC = 250 kg 9.81 m/s 2 cos + C
gR

At D
ND W = +

W vD2
g R
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

v2
N D = ( 250 9.81) 1 + D
gR

vD > vC

Since

and

v A = 0, TA = 0

TD =

1 2
mvD = 125vD2
2

## U A D = W ( 27 + 18 ) = ( 250 kg ) 9.81 m/s 2 ( 45 m ) = 110362.5

TA + U A D = TD

0 + 110362.5 = 125vD2

vD2 = 882.90

v2
882.90
N D = 250 g 1 + D = 250 ( 9.81) 1 +
= 5518.1 N

72 g
72 ( 9.81)

## N min = N B = 731 N; N max = N D = 5520 N !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 47.

Kinematics:

a = constant, v = at ,
x = 110 =

1
2
a ( 5.4 ) ,
2

x=

1 2
at
2

a = 7.5446 ft/s 2

150 lb
F = constant = ma =
7.5446 ft/s 2 = 35.1456 lb
2
32.2
ft/s

v = 7.5446 t

150
2
Power = Fv = mav =
7.5446) t
(

32.2
Average power =

1
5.4

5.4
0

Fv dt =

5.4

## Average power = 715.93 ft lb/s

Average power = 1.302 hp !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 48.

tan =

3
100

= 1.718
W = WB + WW = ( 7 + 60 ) kg 9.81 m/s 2
W = 657.3 N
PW = W v = (W sin )( v )
PW = ( 657.3)( sin1.718 )( 2 )

PW = 39.41 W
PW = 39.4 W !
W = WB + Wm = ( 9 + 90 ) kg 9.81 m/s 2
W = 971.2 N
Brake must dissipate the power generated by the bike and the man going
down the slope at 6 m/s.
PB = W v = (W sin )( v )
PB = ( 971.2 )( sin1.718 )( 6 ) = 174.701
PB = 174.7 W !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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(a) Pp

v A = s/t =

6.5 ft
= 0.40625 ft/s
16 s

## ( Pp ) A = ( 3450 lb )( 0.40625 ft/s ) = 1401.56 lb ft/s

( ) A = 2.548 hp

1 hp = 550 ft lb/s, Pp

( Pp ) A = 2.55 hp !
(b)

( PE ) A

( Pp ) A

2.55
0.82

( PE ) A

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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= 3.11 hp !

(a)

## Material is lifted to a height b at a rate, ( m kg/h ) g m/s 2 = mg ( N/h )

Thus,
mg ( N/h ) b ( m ) mgb
U
=
=
N m/s
t
( 3600 s/h )
3600
1000 N m/s = 1 kw

## Thus, including motor efficiency,

P ( kw ) =

mgb ( N m/s )
1000 N m/s
( 3600 )
( )
kw

P ( kw ) = 0.278 106

mgb

## W ( tons/h )( 2000 lb/ton ) b ( ft )

U
=
t
3600 s/h

(b)

With ,

Wb
ft lb/s; 1hp = 550 ft lb/s
1.8

1hp
1
Wb
hp =
( ft lb/s )

1.8
550 ft lb/s
hp =

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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1.010 103Wb

## For constant power, P:

P = Fv = mav = m

dv
v
dt

Separate variables

t
dt
0

= 01

m dv
m v 2 v2
t = 1 0
2
P v
P 2

(1)

Distance
P = mv

dv dx
dv
= mv 2
dx dt
dx

Separate variables
m

m v3

v3

x
v1 2
1
0
0 dx = P v0 v dv x = P 3 3

(2)

with numbers
(a) v0 = 36 km/h = 10 m/s; v1 = 54 km/h = 15 m/s, so,
t=

x=

15 103 kg
2
2
15 m/s ) (10 m/s )
(

2 50 10 W

15 103

(3) 50 10

t = 18.75 s !

x = 238 m !

t=

x=

15 103

( 2) 50 10

15 103

## 203 153 = 462.5 m

(3) 50 10

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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t = 26.2 s !

x = 462 m !

## Chapter 13, Solution 52.

dv
(a) P = F v = m v = constant
dt
4.3

m 2.0 v dv = P 0 dt
( 4.3 m/s )2 ( 20 m/s )2
= 5 P, P = 86.94 W
60 kg

P = 86.9 W !
dv

(b) P = F v = mv v = constant
dx

4.3

m 2.0 v 2dv = P 0 dx

( 4.3)3 ( 2.0 )3
= 86.94 x
60

x = 16.45 m !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Motion is determined as a function of time as,

x = 12000 ln ( cosh 0.03t )
Velocity

Power dissipated

v=

1
dx
= 12000
( sinh 0.03 t )( 0.03)
dt
cosh 0.03 t

v=

## 360 sinh 0.03t

cosh 0.03t

P = Dv = 0.01v 2 v = 0.01v3
3

0.03t
0.03 t
e 0.03t
3 e
P = 0.01( 360 )

= 466.56 10 0.03t
+ e 0.03t
cosh 0.03 t
e
3 sinh

(a) t = 10 s,

P = 11534 ft lb/s

P = 21.0 hp !

(b) t = 15 s,

P = 35037 ft lb/s

P = 63.7 hp !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Motion is defined by the following function:

a = 11 e 0.0005 x = v
v

x 0.0005x

0 vdv = 11 0 e

dv
dx

dx =

11 0.0005x u
e du

0.0005 0

v2
= 22000 e0.0005 x 1
2

v 2 = 44000 1 e0.0005 x

v = 209.76 1 e 0.0005 x

1
2

## Power dissipated P = Dv = 0.01v3

3

P = 92295 1 e 0.0005 x 2

(a) x = 600 ft ,

P = 12178 ft lb/s

P = 22.1 hp !

## (b) x = 1200 ft,

P = 27971 ft lb/s

P = 50.9 hp !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## System is in equilibrium in deflected x0 position.

Case (a) Force in both springs is the same = P
x0 = x1 + x2
x0 =
x1 =
Thus

P
k1

P
ke
x2 =

P
k2

P
P
P
=
+
ke
k1 k2
1
1
1
=
+
ke
k1 k2
ke =

k1k2
!
k1 + k2

## Case (b) Deflection in both springs is the same = x0

P = k1x0 + k2 x0
P = ( k1 + k2 ) x0
P = ke x0
Equating the two expressions for
P = ( k1 + k2 ) x0 = ke x0
ke = k1 + k2 !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Use conservation of energy

Let position 1 be where A is compressed 0.1 m; position 2 when B is compressed a maximum distance
So
T1 + V1 = T2 + V2
Where

(1)

T1 = 0; V1 =

1
1
2
k A x12 = (1600 N/m )( 0.1 m ) = 8 J
2
2

T2 = 0; V2 =

1
1
k B x22 = ( 2800 N/m ) x22 = 1400 x22
2
2

## Substituting into (1)

0 + 8 = 0 + 1400 x22 x2 = 0.07559 m

## This answer is independent of mass

Distance traveled = 0.5 m 0.05 m + 0.07559 m = 0.526 m
The maximum velocity will occur when the mass is between the two springs
T1 + V1 = T2 + V2

where

T1 = 0;
T2 =

V1 = 8 J ( same as before )

1 2
mvmax ;
2

V2 = 0

## Substituting into (1)

0+8=

1 2
16
2
mvmax + 0; vmax
=
2
m

For

m = 1 kg

2
vmax
= 16

For

m = 2.5 kg

2
vmax
=

16
= 6.4
2.5

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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(a)

vmax = 4 m/s !

(b)

## Chapter 13, Solution 57.

l1 = 62 + 92 = 10.817 in.
l0 =

( 6 )2 + ( 8 )2

= 10 in. = 0.8333 ft

S1 = 0.06805 ft

l2 =

( 7 )2 + ( 6 )2

= 9.215 in.

## Stretch = 9.2195 10 = 0.7805 in.

S 2 = 0.06504 ft
T1 = 0, V2 = 0
T2 =
V1 =

1 2 1 4 2
mv2 =
v2
2
2 32.2

1
( 33,600 lb/ft ) S12 + S22
2

## V1 = (16,800 )( 0.008861) = 148.86 ft lb

0

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2

v22 = 2396.7

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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v2 = 49.0 ft/s !

## Chapter 13, Solution 58.

k = 2800 lb/in. = 33, 600 lb/ft
T1 = 0

V1 =

1
1
2
1
k ( l1 ) = ( 33,600 )
2
2
12

= 116.667 ft lb
l1 = 62 + 92 = 10.817 in. = 0.9014 ft

## S1 = Stretch = 10.817 10 = 0.817 in. = 0.06808 ft

l 2 = 62 + 7 2 = 9.2195 in.

## S 2 = Stretch = 9.2195 9 = 0.2195 in. = 0.018295 ft

T2 =

1 2 1 4 2
2
mv2 =
v2 = 0.0621 v2
2
2 32.2

V2 =

1
( 33,600 ) S12 + S22
2

2
2
= 16800 ( 0.06808 ) + ( 0.018295 )

= 83.489 ft lb
T1 +0V1 = T2 + V2
116.667 = 0.06211 v22 + 83.489
v2 = 23.1 ft/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Chapter 13, Solution 59.

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2

(1)

T1 = 0;

V1 =

1 2
kx1
2

where

x1 = l l 0

## l = 5002 + 4002 + 3502 2 = 729.726 mm

So l l 0 = 429.726 mm
V1 =

1
(1500 N/m )( 0.429726 m )2 = 13.8498 J
2
1

At B

## l = 3502 + 4002 2 = 531.507 mm l l 0 = 231.507 mm

1 2 1
mv2 = ( 0.75 ) v22 = 0.375 v22
2
2
1
2
V2 = (150 )( 0.231507 ) = 4.01966 J
2

T2 =

## 0 + 13.8498 = 0.375 v22 + 4.01966

v2 = vB = 5.12 m/s !

(b) At E

1

At E

## l = 3502 + 5002 2 = 610.328 mm l l 0 = 310.328 mm

1
T3 = mvE2 = 0.375 vE2
2
1
1
2
vE = kx 2 = (150 )( 0.310328 ) = 7.223 J
2
2

## Substituting into (1)

0 + 13.8498 = 0.375 vE2 + 7.223 vE = 4.20 m/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Chapter 13, Solution 60.

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2

Conservation of energy
1

At A
So

## l = 5002 + 4002 + 3502 2 = 729.726 mm l l 0 = 729.726 450 = 279.726 mm

TA = 0;

VA =

1 2 1
2
kx = (150 )( 0.279726 ) = 5.8685 J
2
2
1

At B

## l = 3502 + 4002 2 = 531.507 l l 0 = 81.507 mm

TB =
Substituting into (1)

1 2
mvB = 0.375 vB2 ;
2

VB =

1 2 1
2
kx = (150 )( 0.081507 ) = 0.49825 J
2
2

## 0 + 5.8685 = 0.375 vB2 + 0.49825

vB = 3.78 m/s !
1

At E

2
2
l = ( 350 ) + ( 500 ) 2 = 610.328 mm l l 0 = 160.328 mm

So

TE =

## 0 + 5.8685 = 0.375 VE2 + 1.9279

1 2
mvE = 0.375 vE2 ;
2

VE =

1 2 1
2
kx = (150 )( 0.160328 ) = 1.9279 J
2
2

vE = 3.24 m/s !
The fact the cord becomes slack doesnt matter.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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v2 = 0

## (a) Maximum height when

T1 = T2 = 0
V = Vg + Ve

(Vg )1 = 0

Position 1
x1 =

6 lb
+ 6 in. = 0.4 + 6 = 6.4 in.
15 lb/in.

(Ve )1 =

1 2 1
2
kx1 = (15 lb/in.)( 6.4 in.)
2
2

## (Vg )2 = mg 126 + h = 6 ( 0.5 + h )

Position 2

(Ve )2
T1 + V1 = T2 + V2 :

=0

## (Vg )1 + (Ve )1 = (Vg )2 + (Ve )2

25.6 = 6 ( 0.5 + h )
h = 3.767 ft

h = 45.2 in. !

## (b) Maximum velocity occurs when acceleration is 0, equilibrium

position
1 2 1 6 2
2
mv3 =
v3 = 0.093167v3
2
2 32.2
1
2
2
+ (Ve )3 = 6 ( 6 ) + k ( x1 6 ) = 36 + 7.5 ( 6.4 6 )
2
= 37.2 lb in. = 3.1 lb ft

T3 =

( )3

V3 = Vg

## T1 + V1 = T3 + V3 : 25.6 = 0.093167v32 + 3.1

vmax = 15.54 ft/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## (a) Collar is in equilibrium.

F = (15 lb/in.) 6 lb

( 6 lb )

(15 lb/in.)

= 0.4 in.

## max = 0.4 in. !

(b) Maximum compression occurs when velocity at 2 is zero.

T1 = 0

T2 = 0

V1 = 0

V2 = W max +
W =

max =

1 2
k max
2

1
k max
2
2 ( 6 lb )
= 0.8 in.
(15 lb/in.)

## max = 0.8 in. !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## (a) Maximum height

Above B is reached when the velocity at E is zero

TC = 0
TE = 0
V = Ve + Vg
Point C

= 30 =

## LBC = ( 0.3 m ) rad

6

LBC =

R = 0.3 m

(VC )e
(VC ) g

20

m
2

1
1
2

m = 0.4935 J
k ( LBC ) = ( 40 N/m )
2
2
20

(VC ) g

= 0.07886 J

(VE )e

=0

(VE ) g

## = WH = ( 0.2 9.81)( H ) = 1.962 H ( J )

(spring is unattached)

TC + VC = TE + VE

## 0 + 0.4935 + 0.07886 = 0 + 0 + 1.962H

H = 0.292 m !
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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zero, vB = vmax
TC = 0

## VC = 0.4935 + 0.07886 = 0.5724 J

TB =

1 2
1
2
mvB = ( 0.2 kg ) vmax
2
2

2
TB = 0.1vmax

VB = 0
TC + VC = TB + VB

2
0 + 0.5724 = ( 0.1) vmax
2
vmax
= 5.72 m 2 /s 2

## vmax = 2.39 m/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## (a) Smallest angle occurs when the velocity at D is close to zero

vC = 0

vD = 0

TC = 0

TD = 0

V = Ve + Vg
Point C
LBC = ( 0.3 m ) = 0.3 m

R = 0.3 m

1
2
k ( LBC )
2

(VC )e

(VC )e

= 1.8 2

(VC ) g

= WR (1 cos )

(VC ) g

= 1.962 N

Point D

(VD )e

=0

(VD ) g

## = W ( 2 R ) = ( 2 )(1.962 N )( 0.3 m ) = 1.1772 J

TC + VC = TD + VD ;

(spring is unattached)

## (1.8) 2 ( 0.5886 ) cos

By trial

= 0.5886

= 43.1 !
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(b) Velocity at A
Point D
VD = 0

TD = 0

## VD = 1.1772 J ( see Part (a) )

Point A
TA =

1
1
mv A2 = ( 0.2 kg ) v A2
2
2
TA = 0.1v A2

## VA = (VA ) g = W ( R ) = (1.962 N )( 0.3 m ) = 0.5886 J

TA + VA = TD + VD
0.1v A2 + 0.5886 = 0 + 1.1772
v A2 = 5.886 m 2 /s 2
v A = 2.43 m/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 65.

Conservation of energy
Position (1) is at the top of the incline; position (2) is when the spring has maximum deformation

k = 1500 lb/ft
Where

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2
T1 +

At (1)

1 2 1 200 2
mv1 =
( 8 ) = 198.76 ft lb
2
2 32.2

## V1 = Vg1 + Ve1 = mgz1 =

1 2
k x1 ( datum at point 2)
2

= 200 ( 25 x ) sin 20 +

1
(1500)( 0.5)2
2

## x = Deformation of the spring

V1 = 1710.1 + 68.404 x + 187.5
At (2)

T2 = 0;

## Substituting into (1)

Solve

V2 = Vg 2 + Ve2 =

1 2 1
2
k x2 = (1500 )( 0.5 + x )
2
2

## 750 x 2 + 681.596 x 1908.9 = 0

x = 2.11 or +1.2044 ft
x = 1.204 ft !
= 14.45 in. !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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= 31.305 in.
Stretch

## 31.305 in. 14 in.

12 in./ft

= 1.44208 ft

T0 + V0 = 0 + 0 +
(a) At A:

1
( 48 lb/ft )(1.44208 ft )2 = 49.910 lb ft
2

14 2 14
1 10 lb 2 1
49.910 =
v + ( 48 lb/ft )

2 A
2 32.2 ft/s
2
12

v A = 16.89 ft/s !
2

(b) At B:

49.910 =

1 10 2 1
14
14

vB + ( 48) 10
2 32.2
2
12
12
vB = 13.64 ft/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Chapter 13, Solution 67.

T1 = 0, V1e = V1g = 0

T2 =

( )

Constraint: yB = 2 x A ( )

1
1
M A v A2 + M B vB2
2
2
2

=
(a)

## yB = 0.15 m, x A = 0.075 m, V2e =

1
v
1
( 4 kg ) B + (1.5 kg ) vB2 = 1.25vB2
2
2
2

1
( 300 N/m )( 0.075 m )2 = 0.84375 N m
2

## V2 g = (1.5)( 9.81)( 0.15 m ) = 2.2073 J

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2 ; 0 = 1.25 vB2 + 0.84375 2.20725

vB = 1.044 m/s !
(b)

Fx = m ax ;
xA =

k x A 2T = 0;

## T = Cord tensile force

2 (14.715 )
2T
; x A = 0.0981 m; xB = 2 x A = 0.1962 m
=
300
k

## V2 g = ( 14.715 N )( 0.1962 m ) = 2.8871

V2e =

1
( 300 N/m )( 0.0981 m )2 = 1.4435
2

## T1 + V1 = T2 + V2 ; 0 = 1.25 vB2 1.44354

vB = 1.075 m/s !

(c)

T2 = 0; V2 = 0 =

1
y
( 300) B 14.715 yB
2
2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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yB = 0.392 m = 392 mm !

## (a) Calculate spring lengths after deflection.

Original spring length = 0.75 m, collar moved 100 mm = 0.1 m
T1 = V1 = 0, T2 =

1
( 4) v2 = 2v 2
2

## V2 g = ( 4 kg ) 9.81 m/s 2 ( 0.1 m ) = 3.924 J

V2e =

1
( 300) ( 0.8322 0.75) 2 + ( 0.6727 0.75)2
2

= 1.9098 J
T1 + V1 = T2 + V2 : 0 = 2v 2 3.924 + 1.9098
v = 1.0035 m/s

v = 1.004 m/s !

## V2 g = ( 4 kg ) 9.81 m/s 2 ( 0.19 m ) = 7.4556 J

V2e =

1
( 300) ( 0.90918 0.75)2 + ( 0.60877 0.75) 2
2

= 6.7927 J
T1 + V1 = T2 + V2 : 0 = 2v 2 7.4556 + 6.7927
v = 0.576 m/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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v = 0.576 m/s !

## Chapter 13, Solution 69.

vC = 0,

(a)

TC = 0

TB =

1 2
mvB
2

TB =

1
( 0.2 kg ) vB2
2

VC = (VC )e + (VC ) g

TB = 0.1vB2

arc BC = LBC = R
LBC = ( 0.3 m )( 30 )

( )

180

LBC = 0.15708 m

(VC )e

(VC ) g

1
1
2
2
k ( LBC ) = ( 40 N/m )( 0.15708 m ) = 0.49348 J
2
2

(VC ) g

= 0.078857 J

## VC = (VC )e + (VC ) g = 0.49348 J + 0.078857 J = 0.57234 J

VB = (VB )e + (VB ) g = 0 + 0 = 0
TC + VC = TB + VB ;

0 + 0.57234 = 0.1vB2

vB2 = 5.7234 m 2 /s 2

vB = 2.39 m/s !

F = FR W =

(b)

mvB2
R

(5.7234 m /s )
= 1.962 N + ( 0.2 kg )
2 2

FR

( 0.3 m )

## FR = 1.962 N + 3.8156 N = 5.7776 N

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Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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FR = 5.78 N !

(a) Speed at C
LAB =

## ( 300 )2 + (150 )2 + ( 75)2

= 343.69318 mm

k = 320 N/m

vB = 0

At B

TB = 0

VB = (VB )e + (VB ) g
LAB = 343.69318 mm 200 mm

## LAB = 143.69318 mm = 0.14369318 m

(VB )e

1
1
2
2
k ( LAB ) = ( 320 N/m )( 0.1436932 m )
2
2

(VB )e
(VB ) g

= 3.303637 J

## VB = (VB )e + (VB ) g = 3.303637 J + 0.73575 J = 4.03939 J

TC =

At C

( )

1 2
1
mvC = ( 0.5 kg ) vC2
2
2

TC = 0.25vC2

(VC )e

1
2
k ( LAC )
2

## LAC = 309.23 mm 200 mm = 109.23 mm = 0.10923 m

(VC )e

1
( 320 N/m )( 0.10923 m )2 = 1.90909 J
2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

TB + VB = TC + VC
0 + 4.0394 = 0.25vC2 + 1.90909
vC2 =

4.0394 1.90909
= 8.5212 m 2 /s 2
0.25

vC = 2.92 m/s !

## (b) Force of rod on collar AC

Fz = 0 (no friction)
F = Fxi + Fy j

= tan 1

75
= 14.04
300

## Fe = ( k LAC ) ( cos i + sin k )

Fe = ( 320 )( 0.10923)( cos14.04i + sin14.04k )

## F = ( Fx + 33.909 ) i + Fy 4.905 j + 8.4797k =

mv 2
j + mgk
r

(8.5212 m /s )
= 4.905 N + ( 0.5 )
2 2

Fx + 33.909 N = 0

Fy

0.15 m

Fx = 33.909 N
Fy = 33.309 N
F = 33.9 N i + 33.3 N j !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Chapter 13, Solution 71.

Datum at point C.

2.5 lb
1b s 2
=
m=
0.07764

2
ft
32.2 ft/s

TC = 0, (VC ) g = 0, (VC )e = 0, TA =

(a)

(VA ) g

## = ( 2.5 lb )( 7/12 ft ) = 1.4583

(VA )C

1 2.5 2

vA
2 32.2

1
( 20 lb/ft )( 0.63465 ft 0.3333 ft )2 = 0.90812
2

## From conservation of energy:

0=

1
( 0.07764) vA2 1.4583 + 0.90812
2

VA = 3.7646 ft/s

v A = 3.76 ft/s !

At point A,
FS = k LCA = ( 20 lb/ft )( 0.63465 ft 0.3333 ft ) = 6.0263 lb

## 2.5 lb/32.2 ft/s 2 ( 3.76551 ft/s )

m v A2
=
= 1.8872 lb
r
( 7 /12) ft
2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

F =

m v A2
7
;
( 6.0263) N A = 1.8872
r
7.61577
N A = 3.65 lb

(b) Datum at C.

(VB ) g

(VB )e

## = ( 2.5 lb )(14 /12 ft ) = 2.9167 ft lb

1
1
2
2
k ( LCB ) = ( 20 lb/ft )( 0.5 ft ) = 2.5 ft lb
2
2

0+

1 2.5 2

vB 2.9167 + 2.5
2 32.2

vB = 3.2762 ft/s

vB = 3.28 ft/s !

## FS = k ( LCB ) = ( 20)( 0.5) = 10 lb

2.5 vB2
= 1.4286 lb

32.2 ( 7 /12)

Fy = N B + 10 2.5 = 1.4286
N B = 6.07 lb !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## (a) For maximum velocity,

L = 7.61577 4 = 3.61577 in. = 0.30131 ft
sin = ( 3/ 7.61577 )

at = &&
s =0

W = 2.5 lb

k = 21.063 lb/ft

k = 21.1 lb/ft !

## (b) Put datum at C

TC = (VC ) g = (VC )e = 0,

(VA ) g

## = 2.5 ( 7 /12) = 1.4583

(VA )e

Conservation of energy: 0 =

TA =

1 2.5 2

vA
2 32.2

1
( 21.063)( 0.30131)2 = 0.9561
2

1 2.5 2

v A 1.4583 + 0.9561
2 32.2
v A = 3.597

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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v A = 3.60 ft/s !

## Chapter 13, Solution 73.

Loop 1

(a) The smallest velocity at B will occur when the force exerted by the
tube on the package is zero.

F = 0 + mg =

mvB2
r

## vB2 = rg = 1.5 ft 32.2 ft/s2

vB2 = 48.30
TA =

At A

1
m v02
2

0.5

VA = 0 8 oz = 0.5 lb =
= 0.01553
32.2

At B

TB =

1 2
1
mvB = m ( 48.30 ) = 24.15 m
2
2

## VB = mg ( 7.5 + 1.5 ) = 9 mg = 9 ( 0.5 ) = 4.5 lb ft

TA + VA = TB + VB :

1
( 0.01553) v02 = 24.15 ( 0.01553) + 4.5
2

v02 = 627.82

v0 = 25.056

## v0 = 25.1 ft/s "

At C
TC =

1 2
mvC = 0.007765vC2
2

2

## 0.007765 ( 25.056 ) 3.75 = 0.007765vC2

vC2 = 144.87
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(b)

F = man : N = 0.01553

(144.87 )
1.5

N = 1.49989
{Package in tube} NC = 1.500 lb

Loop 2

"

## (a) At B, tube supports the package so,

vB 0
vB = 0, TB = 0

VB = mg ( 7.5 + 1.5 )
= 4.5 lb ft

TA + VA = TB + VB
1
( 0.01553) vA2 = 4.5 v A = 24.073
2
v A = 24.1 ft/s "
(b) At C

2

## TA + VA = TC + VC : 0.007765 ( 24.073) = 0.007765vC2 + 3.75

vC2 = 96.573

96.573
NC = 0.01553
= 0.99985
1.5
{Package on tube} NC = 1.000 lb "

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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(a)

Loop 1

From 13.75, at B

## vB2 = gr = 48.3 ft 2 /s 2 vB = 6.9498 ft/s

TB =

1 2
1
mvB = ( 0.01553)( 48.3) = 0.37505
2
2

## VB = mg ( 7.5 + 1.5 ) = ( 0.5 )( 9 ) = 4.5 lb ft

TC =

1 2
1
mvC = ( 0.01553) vC2 = 0.007765vC2
2
2

## VC = 7.5 ( 0.5 ) = 3.75 lb ft

TB + VB = TC + VC : 0.37505 + 4.5 = 0.007765vC2 + 3.75

(b) Loop 2 at A

At C assume

## vC2 = 144.887 vC = 12.039 ft/s

12.04 ft/s > 10 ft/s Loop (1) does not work !
1
TA = mv02 = 0.007765v02
2
VA = 0
vC = 10 ft/s
1 2
2
TC = mvC = 0.007765 (10 ) = 0.7765
2
vC = 7.5 ( 0.5 ) = 3.75

## TA + VA = TC + VC : 0.007765v02 = 0.7765 + 3.75

v0 = 24.144

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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v0 = 24.1 ft/s !

## Chapter 13, Solution 75.

Use conservation of energy from the point of release (A) and the top of the circle.
(1) (datum at lowest point)

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2

where
T1 = 0;

V1 = mg l

1
m v 2 ; V2 = mgz = mg ( 2 )( l a )
2

At 2

T2 =

## Substituting into (1)

0 + mg l =

1
m v 2 + 2mg ( l a )
2

(2)

We need another equation use Newtons 2nd law at the top. ( Tension, T0 = 0 at top )

Fn = man m g =

m v2

v2 = g = g ( l a )

## Substituting into (2)

mg l =

1
mg ( l a ) + 2 mg ( l a )
2

2l = l a + 4l 4a
5 a = 3l
a=

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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3
l!
5

## Chapter 13, Solution 76.

TA = V A = 0, TB =

TC =

1
( 70 ) vB2 , VB = 70 kg 9.81 m/s 2 ( 40 m )(1 0.7071)
2

1
( 70 ) vC2 , VC = 2VB
2

TB + VB = 0, vB = 15.161 m/s

Conservation of energy:

TC + VC = 0, vC = 21.441 m/s

N = 70 vB2 /40 + 70 g

(a)

N = 402.26 + 686.7

N B1 = 1089 N !

N = 70 vB2 /40 + 70 g

(b)

N = 402.26 + 686.7

,
N B2 = 284 N !
N 70 kg ( 0.7071) = 70 vC2 /40
N C1 = 804.5 + 485.6 < 0

(c)

Skier airborne?

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Yes!

Fx =
We now write

V
x

Fx
2V
=
y
xy

Fy =
Fy
x

V
y
=

Fz =

V
z

2V
yx

Since

Fy
2V
2V
Fx
:
!
=
=
xy
yx
y
x

## We obtain in a similar way

Fy
z

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Fz
y

Fz
Fx
!
=
x
z

## Chapter 13, Solution 78.

Fx =

(a)

yz
xyz

Fy =

( )

1x
Fx
=
=0
y
y

Thus

zx
xyz
Fy
x

( )=0
1
y

Fy
Fx
=
y
x

The other two equations derived in Problem 13.80 are checked in a similar way.
Fx =

## (b) Recall that

v
,
x

Fy =

v
,
y

Fz =

v
z

Fx =

1
v
=
x
x

V = ln x + f ( y, z )

(1)

Fy =

1
v
=
y
y

V = ln y + g ( z, x )

(2)

Fz =

1
v
=
z
z

V = ln z + h ( x, y )

(3)

## Equating (1) and (2)

ln x + f ( y, z ) = ln y + g ( z, x )
Thus

f ( y, z ) = ln y + k ( z )

(4)

g ( z, x ) = ln x + k ( z )

(5)

## Equating (2) and (3)

ln z + h ( x, y ) = ln y + g ( z, x )
g ( z, x ) = ln z + l ( x )
From (5)
g ( z, x ) = ln x + k ( z )
Thus
k ( z ) = ln z
l ( x ) = ln x
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

From (4)
f ( y, z ) = ln y ln z
Substitute for f ( y, z ) in (1)
V = ln x ln y ln z
V = ln xyz "

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 79.

Fx =

(a)

Fx
=
y

x2 + y 2 +

( )

Fy =

3
z2 2

x 32 ( 2 y )

(x

+ y +

Fy

5
2 2
z

(
=

y
x2 + y 2 + z 2

( )

1
2

y 32 2 y

(x

+ y +

5
2 2
z

Fy
Fx
=
y
x

Thus

The other two equations derived in Problem 13.79 are checked in a similar fashion
(b) Recalling that

Fx =

V
V
V
, Fy =
, Fz =
x
y
z

Fx =

V
x

V =

V = x2 + y 2 + z 2

Similarly integrating

1
2

(x

+ y +

3
z2 2

dx

+ f ( y, z )

V
V
and
shows that the unknown function f ( x, y ) is a constant.
z
y

V =

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

(x

+ y +

1
z2 2

## Chapter 13, Solution 80.

(a)
a

U AB = 0 kxdx = k

a2
2

Fx = Fy , F is normal to BC, U BC = 0
U CA = 0 ( a u )du =
a

U ABCA = ( k 1)
(b) From Problem 13.77,

a 2
2

a2
, not conservative !
2

Fy
Fx
=1=
y
x

Conservative, U ABCA = 0 !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 81.

U1 2 = x 2 Fdx = x 2 k1x + k2 x3 dx
1
1

(a)
=

k1 2
k
x2 x12 2 x24 x14
2
4

U1 2 = Ve1 Ve 2
Ve =

## (b) Conservation of energy:

T1 = 0, T2 =
V1e =

1 2 1
k1x + k2 x 4 !
2
4

1 2
mv
2

1 2 1
k1x0 + k2 x04 , V2e = 0
2
4

1 2 1 2 1
mv = k1x0 + k2 x04
2
2
4

v=

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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k1 2 k2 4
x0 +
x0 !
m
2m

## Chapter 13, Solution 82.

U1 2 = x 2 Fdx = x 2 k1x + k2 x3 dx
1
1

(a)

k1 2
k
x2 x12 + 2 x24 x14
2
4

U1 2 = Ve1 Ve2:
Ve =

## (b) Conservation of energy:

T1 = 0, T2 =
V1e =

1 2 1
k1x k2 x 4 !
2
4

1 2
mv
2

1 2 1
k1x0 k2 x04 , V2e = 0
2
4

1 2 1 2 1
mv = k1x0 k2 x04
2
2
4

v=

Requires x0 <

2k1
k2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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k1 2 k2 4
x0 +
x0 !
m
2m

## Circular orbit velocity

R = 3960 mi = 20.9088 106 ft
rAo = 930 mi = 4.9104 106 ft
vC2 GM
= 2 , GM = gR 2
r
r

## ( 32.2 ft/s ) 20.9088 106 ft

GM
gR 2
2
=
=
vC =
r
r
20.9088 106 ft + 4.9104 106 ft

## vC2 = 545.22 106 ft 2 /s 2

vC = 23350 ft/s
Velocity reduced to 60% of vC = 14010 ft/s
Conservation of energy:
TA + VA = TB + VB
1
GMm 1
GMm
mv A2
= mvB2
2
rA
2
rB

## 32.2 20.9088 106

1
(14010 )2
2
25.819 106

6
v 2 32.2 20.9088 10
= B
2
20.9088 106

vB = 21269 ft/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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vB = 4.03 mi/s !

Distance

Distance

2

## rC = 10,838.4 mi = 57.2268 106 ft

T +V =

1
gR 2m
2
m (15681.6 )
2
rC

constant =

1
(T + V ) = 123.032 106 ft 2/s2
m

(a) At point A,

T +V
1
gR 2
= v A2
m
2
22.894 106 ft

( 123.032 10 )
6

)(

## 32.2 ft/s 2 20.9088 106 ft

1
= v A2
2
22.894 106 ft

v A = 31364 ft/s
(b) At point B,

v A = 5.94 mi/s !

rB = 2 (10,840 mi ) ( 4336 mi )
= 17344 mi = 91.5763 106 ft

( 123.032 10 )
6

## ( 32.2 ) 20.9088 106

1
= vB2
2
91.5763 106

vB = 7834.3 ft/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

vB = 1.484 mi/s !

## Chapter 13, Solution 85.

rA = hA + R = 4.3 Mm + 6.37 Mm
rA = 10 67 Mm
rB = hB + R = 72.7 Mm + 6.37 Mm
rB = 19.07 Mm
v A = 32.5 Mm/h = 9028 m/s

At A,
TA =

1
2
m ( 9028 m/s ) = 40.752 106 m
2

VA =

GMm gR 2m
=
rA
rA

## rA = 10.67 Mm = 10.67 106 m

R = 6370 km = 6.37 106 m

=
(10.67 10 m)
2

VA

TB =

At B

m = 37.306 106 m

1 2
GMm
gR 2m
mvB ; VB =
=
2
rB
rB

=
(19.07 10 m)
2

VB

= 20.874 106 m

1 2
mvB 20.874 106 m
2

## vB2 = 2 40.752 106 37.306 106 + 20.874 106

vB2 = 48.64 106 m 2 /s 2
vB = 6.9742 103 m/s = 25.107 Mm/h

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

vB = 25.1 Mm/h !

## GM moon = 0.0123GM earth

Note:

GM moon = 0.0123gRE2

By Equation 12.30

E2 = T2 + V2 = 0

v1 = 0, T1 = 0
V1 =

GM m mlem
RM
E1 =

GM m mlem
=00=0

E1 = T1 + V1 = 0

Rm

(1.740 10 m )

mlem

Where

E
= 2810 kj/kg !
mlem

(b)

r1 = Rm + 80 km

## r1 = (1740 km + 80 km ) = 1820 km = 1.82 106 m

Newtons second law:
F = mlem alem:
v12 =

GM m
r1

GM m mlem
mlemv12
=
r1
r12
T1 =

1
1 mlemGM m
mlemv12 =
2
2
r1

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

V1 =

GM mmlem
r1

E1 = T1 + V1 =

1 GM m mlem GM m mlem

2
r1
r1

E1 =

1 GM m mlem
1 ( 0.0123) gRE mlem
=
2
r1
2
r1

E1 =

2
3
1 ( 0.0123) 9.81 m/s 6.37 10 m mlem
2
1.82 106 m

)(

## E = E2 E1 = 0 + 1.345 106 m 2 /s 2 mlem

Energy per kilogram:

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

E
= 1345 kJ/kg !
mlem

## Total energy per unit weight

E0 = TA + VA = Tp + V p ; E0 =

1 2 GMm 1 2 GMm
mv A
= mv p
2
rA
2
rp

Unit weightW = mg
E0 =

W 2 W GM
W 2 W GM
=
vA
vp
2g
g rA
2g
g rp

v 2p
E0
v2
GM
GM
= A
=

W
grA
grp
2g
2g

(1)

v 2 GM 1
v A2
1
1 2p =

2 g
g rA rp
v A

rp rA
v 2p
v A2 1 2 = 2GM

rArp

v A

rp
vA
=
vp
rA

( given )

rp rA
r2
v A2 1 A2 = 2GM

rArp

rp

rp2 rA2
r rA
= 2GM p
v A2

2
rArp
rp

v A2 = 2GM

rp 1

rA rp + rA

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

(2)

r 1 GM
1
E0
GM rp 1 1
2GM p

=
=

2g
W
rA rp + rA grA
g rA rp + rA rA

rp
GM
1 =

rA g
rp + rA

GM
rA g

GM
g ( rA + rB )

GM = gRE2

rp rp + rA

rp + rA

E0
RE2
=
W
rA + rp
2

## ( 3960 mi 5280 ft/mi ) = 1.65598 106 ft lb/lb

E0
=
W
( 50,000 mi 5280 ft/mi )
On earth:

EE = TE + VE , VE = 0, TE = 0, VE =

WGM
gRE

EE
GM
gR 2
=
= E = RE = 20.9088 106 ft lb/lb
W
gRE
gRE

For propulsion:

Ep
W

E0 EE

W
W

## = 1.65598 106 20.9088 106

Ep
W

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 88.

Geosynchronous orbit
r1 = 3960 + 200 = 4160 mi = 21.965 106 ft
r2 = 3960 + 22,000 = 25,960 mi = 137.07 106 ft

1 2 GMm
mv
2
r

E = T +V =

Total energy

M = mass of earth

m = mass of satellite
F = man ;

## Newtons second law

T =

1 2
GM
mv = m
2
2r

E = T +V =
GM = gRE2

GMm mv 2
GM
=
v2 =
r
r
r2

V =

GMm
r

1 GMm GMm
1 GMm

=
2 r
r
2 r
E =

1 gRE2 m
1 RE2W
=
where (W = mg )
2 r
2 r

6
1 ( 6000 ) 20.9088 10 ft
E =
2
r

1.3115 1018
lb ft
r

## Geosynchronous orbit at r2 = 137.07 106 ft

EGs =

1.3115 1018
= 9.5681 109 lb ft
137.07 106
r1 = 21.965 106 ft

E200 =

1.3115 1018
= 5.9709 1010
21.965 106

## E300 = EGs E200 = 5.0141 1010

E300 = 50.1 109 ft lb !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

EE =

GMm
gRE2 m
=
= WRE
RE
RE

## EE = 6000 ( 3960 5280 ) = 1.25453 1011

EE = EGs EE = 9.5681 109 + 125.453 109
E E = 115.9 109 ft lb !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 89.

We know
Geosynchronous orbit: r2 = 35780 + 6370 = 42,150 km
Orbit of shuttle: r1 = 6370 km + 296 km = 6666 km
Radius of Earth: R = 6370 km

also = GM = gR 2

F = man

GMm mv 2
GM
=
v2 =
r
r
r2

Energy
T =

1 2 1 GMm
mv =
;
2
2 r

E =T +V =

v=

GMm
r

1 GMm GMm
1 GMm
1 gR 2m

=
=

2 r
2 r
2 r
r

## For Geosynchronous orbit

)(

2
6
1 9.81 m/s 6.370 10 m
E2 =
2
42.150 106 m
For orbit of shuttle

( 3600 kg )

= 16.999 109 J

6
1 ( 9.81) 6.370 10 ( 3600 )
E1 =
= 107.487 106 J
6
2
6.666 10
vo = 0
GMm
Eo =
= mgR = ( 3600 )( 9.81) 6.370 106 = 224.963 109 J
R
(a) From shuttle to orbit

## E = E2 E0 = 16.999 109 J 224.963 109 J

)
E = 208 109 J "

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 90.

(a)

Potential energy

V =

GMm
gR 2m
=
+ constant
r
r
(cf. Equation 13.17)

V = mgR 1 !
r

F = man :

v2 =

T =

GMm
v2
=m
2
r
r

GM
gR 2
=
r
r

1 2
mv
2

T =

1 mgR 2
!
2 r

Energy

## (c) Total energy

E = T +V =

1 gR 2
R

m
+ mg 1
2
r
r

E = mgR 1
!
2r

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 91.

FN =

In a circular orbit,

mv 2 GMm
=
r
r2

## m = mass of Venus, M = mass of Sun

v2 =

GM
,
r

1 2 GMm
mv =
2
2r

T =
V =

GMm
,
r

T +V =

GMm
2r

(a)

88
(78.3 103 ) (67.2 106 )(5280)

2
v r
60
M =
=
G
34.4 1019

## M = 136.0 1027 lb s 2 /ft !

(b)

T +V =

GMm
1
= mv 2
2r
2

1 136.029 1027
88
T +V =
78.3 103

3
60
2 407 10

T + V = 2.20 1033 lb ft !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 92.

Vg =

WR 2
WR 2
WR
=
setting r = R + y : Vg =
r
R+ y
1 + Ry

Vg = WR 1 +
R

1) y ( 1)( 2 ) y
(
= WR 1 +
+
+ !
1 R
1 2 R

We add the constant WR, which is equivalent to changing the datum from r = to r = R :
y y 2

Vg = WR + !
R R

## (a) First order approximation:

y
Vg = WR = Wy !
R

[ Equation 13.16]
(b) Second order approximation:

y y 2
Vg = WR
R R
Vg = Wy

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Wy 2
!
R

## Use Conservation of energy and Conservation of angular momentum.

Conservation of angular momentum.
r1mv1 = r2mv2 v 2 =

r1v 1 ( 0.2 )( 6 )
=
r2
0.5

v 2 = 2.4 m/s !
Conservation of energy

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2 (1)
At 1

At 2

T1 =

1 2 1
2
mv1 = ( 4 kg )( 6 m/s ) = 72 J
2
2

V1 =

1 2 1
2
kx1 = (1500 N/m )( 0.2 m 0.4 m ) = 72 J
2
2

T2 =

1
1
1
1
2
mv22 + mv22r = ( 4 )( 2.4 ) + ( 4 ) v22r
2
2
2
2
= 11.52 + 2v22r

V2 =
Substituting into (1)

1 2 1
2
kx2 = (1500 N/m )( 0.5 m 0.4 m ) = 7.5 J
2
2

2v22r = 82.98

## v2r = 6.44 m/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Conservation of angular momentum.

r1 m v1 = rmax m v2

so

( 0.2 )( 6 ) = 1.2
r1v1
=
rmax
rmax
rmax

v2 =
Energy

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2

(1)

where,
At 1

T1 =

1 2 1
2
mv1 = ( 4 kg )( 6 m/s ) = 72 J
2
2

V1 =

1 2 1
2
kx1 = (1500 )( 0.2 0.4 ) = 30 J
2
2
0

At 2

V2 =
Substituting into (1)

1.2
1
1
1
288
T2 = mv22 + mv22r = ( 4 )
= 2
2
2
2
rmax
rmax

1 2 1
2
kx2 = (1500 ) ( rmax 0.4 )
2
2

72 + 30 =

2.88
2
+ 750 ( rmax 0.4 )
2
rmax

## Solve by trial for rmax

rmax = 0.760 m !

Solve for v2
v2 =

1.2
1.2

=
rmax 0.760

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

v2 = 1.580 m/s !

## Chapter 13, Solution 95.

Initial state

F = ma
kx0 = mrA! 2 ,

x0 =

x0 =

mrA! 2
k

( 4 / 32.2 )( 3 ft )( 5 rad/s )2
7 lb/ft

= 1.331 ft

## Unstretched length = 4.5 ft + 1.331 ft = 5.831 ft

Conservation of angular momentum
(A)

hA = rA2! = ( 3) ( 5 ) = 45

(1)

(B)

2
2
hB = rB2! = ( 9 ) ! = ( 7.5 ) ( 5 ) , ! = 3.4722

(2)

(a)

## Substitute into (1) gives

rA = 3.6 ft !

(b)
Conservation of energy

T0 + V0 = T + V , V0 =

1
( 7 lb/ft )(1.331 ft )2 = 6.200 ft lb
2

T0 =

2
2
1 4
1 4

5 ( 3) +
5 ( 7.5 ) = 101.320 ft lb
2 32.2
2 32.2

V =

2
1
( 7 ) ( 9 3.6 ) 5.831 = 0.6501 ft lb
2

T = T0 + V0 V
= 101.32 + 6.200 0.6501
(c)

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

T = 106.9 ft lb!

## Chapter 13, Solution 96.

Initial state

F = ma
kx0 = mrA! 2
mr ! 2 ( 4 / 32.2)( 3)( 5)
x0 = A =
= 1.331 ft
k
7
2

## Unstretched length = 4.5 + 1.331 = 5.831 ft

Conservation of energy

T0 =

2
2
1 4
1 4

5 ( 3) +
5 ( 7.5)
2 32.2
2 32.2

= 101.320 ft lb

V0 =

1
( 7 )(1.331)2 = 6.200 ft lb
2

T + V = 100 +

1
( 7 ) x12 = 101.32 + 6.200
2

x1 = 1.4658 ft
For compression:

( rB rA ) 5.831 = 1.4658
Conservation of angular momentum
(A)

2
hA = rA2! = ( 3) ( 5 ) = 45

(B)

## hB = rB2! = ( 7.5 ) ( 5 ) = 281.25

2

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

(a)

## 1.5rA 5.831 = 1.4658

rA = 2.91 ft !

(b)

rB = 2.5rA = 7.2753 ft

rB = 7.28 ft !

(c)

## rA2! = 45, ! = 5.31 rad/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 97.

R = 6370 km

r0 = 500 km + 6370 km

r0 = 6870 km
= 6.87 106 m
v0 = 36,900 km/h
=

36.9 106 m
3.6 103 s

## = 10.25 103 m/s

Conservation of angular momentum
r0mv0 = r1mv A ,

r0 = rmin , r1 = rmax

6.870 106
r
3
VA = 0 v0 =
10.25 10
r
r
1
1

VA =

70.418 109
r1

)
(1)

Conservation of energy
Point A
v0 = 10.25 103 m/s
TA =

1 2 1
mv0 = m 10.25 103
2
2

TA = ( m ) 52.53 106 ( J )
VA =

GMm
r0

)(

## GM = gR 2 = 9.81 m/s 2 6.37 106 m

GM = 398 1012 m3/s 2
r0 = 6.87 106 m
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(398 10 m /s ) m = 57.93 10
( 6.87 10 m )
12

VA =

m (J)

Point A
TA =
VA =

1 2
mv A
2

GMm
398 1012 m
=
(J)
r1
r1

TA + VA = TA + VA
1
398 1012 m
m v A2
r1
2

## Substituting for v A from (1)

( 70.418 10 )
=
9

5.402 106

( 2 )( r1 )2

398 1012
r1

( 2.4793 10 ) 398 10
21

5.402 106 =

r12

12

r1

6

2
1

12

21

=0

## r1 = 66.7 106 m, 6.87 106 m

rmax = 66,700 km !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## The cord will not go slack if v2 is perpendicular to the undeformed cord

length, L0 , at 2

## Conservation of angular momentum

0.8v1 = 0.6v2

0.8
v1 = 1.333v0
0.6

v2 =

Conservation of energy
v1 = v0

Point 1
V1 =

T1 =

1 2
mv0 = 0.35v02
2

1
1
2
2
k ( L L0 ) = (150 N/m )( 0.8 m 0.6 m )
2
2
V1 = 3J
T2 =

Point 2
L = 0

V =0

1 2
mv2 = 0.35v22
2

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2 : 0.35vB2 + 3 = 0.35v22 + 0

## From conservation of angular momentum

v2 = 1.3158vB

2
0.35v02 (1.3158 ) 1 = 3

v02 =

( 3J )
( 0.35 kg )( 0.7313)

= 11.72 m 2 /s 2
v0 = 3.42 m/s "
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

The ball travels in a straight line after the cord goes slack.
Conservation of angular momentum

( 0.8)(1.71) = dv
d =

1.368
v

Conservation of energy
v1 = 1.71 m/s
Point 1
T1 =

1 2 1
2
mv1 = ( 0.7 kg )(1.71 m/s ) = 1.0234 J
2
2

V1 =

1
1
2
2
k ( L L0 ) = (150 N/m )( 0.8 m 0.6 m ) = 3J
2
2
T3 =

Point 3

1 2
mv3 = 0.35v 2
2
V3 = 0

T1 + V1 = T3 + V3 : 1.0234 + 3 = 0.35v 2 + 0
v = 3.39 m/s
From conservation of momentum
d =

1.368 1.368
=
= 404 mm
v
3.39
d = 404 mm "

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## (a) Conservation of angular momentum: About O

0.8v0 = 0.27v
v = 2.963v0

Conservation of energy
v1 = v0

Point 1
V1 =

T1 =

1 2
mv0 = 0.35v02
2

1
1
2
2
k ( L1 L0 ) = (150 N/m )( 0.8 m 0.6 m )
2
2
V1 = 3 J

Point 2

v2 = v

T2 =

1 2
mv = 0.35v 2
2

V2 = 0 ( cord is slack )
T1 + V1 = T2 + V2 : 0.35v02 + 3 = 0.35v 2 + 0

## From conservation of angular momentum,

v = 3.125v0

2
0.35v02 ( 3.125 ) 1 = 3

v02 =

( 3J )
( 0.35 kg )(8.7656 )

v02 = 0.9779 m2 /s 2
v0 = 0.989 m/s "

(b)

## Maximum velocity occurs when the ball is at its minimum distance

from O, (when d = 0.27 m)
vm = 3.125v0 = ( 3.125 )( 0.9889 ) = 3.09 m/s
vm = 3.09 m/s "

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Conservation of angular momentum

mrAv A = mrBvB vB =

rA
vA
rB

(1)

Conservation of energy
1 2 GMm 1 2 GMm
mv A
= mvB
2
2
rA
rB

(2)

v A2 =

2GMrB
rA ( rB + rA )

(3)

Given data

At B

## rB = R + hB = 1740 + 140 = 1880 km = 1.880 103 m

M moon = 0.0123 M earth

( GM )moon

(a)

Speed at A
v A2

)(

## 2 4.8961 1012 1.88 106

1.748 10

(1.880 10

+ 1.748 106

= 2.9029

v A = 1703.8 m/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

v A = 1704 m/s !

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(b)

At B
vB =

rA
1748
vA =
(1703.8) = 1584.2 m/s
rB
1880
The command module is in a circular orbit
rB = 1.880 106 m

At

vcirc =

4.8961 1012 2
GM
=
= 1613.8 m/s
6
rB
1.880 10

## Relative velocity = vcirc vB = (1613.8 1584.2 ) = 29.6 m/s

Relative velocity = 29.6 m/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

From 13.100
Given data

vB =

rA
v A (1)
rB

and v A2 =

2GMrB
rA (rA + rB )

(2)

## hA = 264 km; rA = 6370 km + 264 km = 6634 km

= 6.634 106 m
hB = 35780 km; rB = 6370 km + 35780 km = 42,150 km
= 42.150 106 m

) = 398.06 10
)( 42.150 10 )

## GM = gR 2 = ( 9.81) 6.37 106

Substitute into (2)

v A2

2 398.06 1012

(6.634 10 )( 42.150 10
6

12

+ 6.634 106

= 103.69 106 m 2 /s 2
v A = 10,183 m/s
Substitute into (1)

6634
vB =
(10,183) = 1602.7 m/s
42,150

vcirc =

GM
=
rA

398.06 1012
= 7746.2 m/s
6.634 106

## v A vcirc = (10,183 7746.2)

Relative velocity

At B

vcirc =

1
12 2
10

398.06
GM
=
= 3073.1 m/s
6
rB
42.15 10

## Increase in velocity = vcirc vB = 3073.1 1602.7 = 1470 m/s

Increase in v = 1.470 km/s "

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

GM E = gR 2 ;

## R = 3960 mi = 20.9088 106 ft

)(

Earth

vE =

GM
= 97,677 ft/s
(93 106 )(5280)

Mars

vM =

GM
= 79187 ft/s
(141.5 106 )(5280)

2

Circular orbits

## Conservation of angular momentum

v A ( 93) = vB (141.5)

Elliptical orbit
Conservation of energy

1 2
GM
1
GM
vA
= vB2
6
2
93 10 ( 5280) 2
141.5 106 ( 5280)

141.5
v A = vB
= 1.5215vB
93
1
4.6849 1021
1 2
4.6849 1021
=
v

(1.5215)2 vB2
B
2
93 106 ( 5280) 2
141.5 106 ( 5280)

## 0.6575vB2 = 3.270 109

vB = 70524 ft/s;

v A = 107,303 ft/s

(a)

Increase at A,

(b)

Increase at B,

## vB vM = 79187 70524 = 8663 ft/s = 1.641 mi/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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rA = R + hA;

rB = R + hB

## Conservation of angular momentum

v A ( R + hA ) = vB ( R + hB )
5 ( R + 1200 mi ) = 1.2 ( R + 16300 mi )
5R + 6000 = 1.2 R + 19560; 3.8R = 13560
R = 3568.4 mi

(a)

ms = mass of spacecraft

Conservation of energy
TA + VA = TB + VB ;

( 5 ( 5280 ) )
2

R = 3570 mi !

1
GMms
1
msGM
msv A2
= ms vB2
2
( R + hA ) 2
( R + hB )

(1.2 ( 5280 ) )
GM
GM

=
2
( 3568.4 + 1200 ) 5280
( 3568.4 + 16300 )( 5280 )
2

348.48 106

GM
GM
= 20.072 106
6
25.177 10
104.905 106
GM = 10.879 1015 ft 3/s 2

Using
(b)

## G = 34.4 109 ft 4 /lb s 4

M = 316.26 1021 slugs

## M = 316 1021 slugs !

(planet is Venus)

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Elliptical orbit between A and B

Conservation of angular momentum

mrAv A = mrBvB
vA =

rB
7.170
vB =
vB
6.690
rA
rA = 6.690 106 m

v A = 1.0718vB

(1)
rB = 7.170 106 m

## R = ( 6370 km ) = 6.37 106 m

Conservation of energy

)(

## = 398.060 1012 m3/s 2

Point A
1
TA = mv A2
2

)
)

398.060 1012 m
GMm
VA =
=
rA
6.690 106

VA = 59.501 106 m
Point B
TB =

1 2
mvB
2

VB =

)
)

398.060 1012 m
GMm
=
rB
7.170 106

VB = 55.5 106 m

TA + VA = TB + VB
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

1 2
1
mv A 59.501 106 m = mvB2 55.5 106 m
2
2
v A2 vB2 = 8.002 106
From (1)

2
vB2 (1.0718 ) 1 = 8.002 106

v A = 1.0718vB

vB = 7334 m/s

## v A = (1.0718 )( 7334 m/s ) = 7861 m/s

Circular orbit at A and B
(Equation 12.44)

( vA )C

GM
=
rA

398.060 1012
= 7714 m/s
6.690 106

( vB )C

GM
=
rB

398.060 1012
= 7451 m/s
7.170 106

## (a) Increases in speed at A and B

v A = v A ( v A )C = 7861 7714 = 147 m/s !
vB = ( vB )C vB = 7451 7334 = 117 m/s !
(b) Total energy per unit mass
E/m =
E/m =

1
( v A )2 ( vA )C2 + ( vB )C2 ( vB )2
2

1
2
2
2
2
7861) ( 7714 ) + ( 7451) ( 7334 )
(

2
E/m = 2.01 106 J/kg !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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rA = 185 106 m

(a)

rB = 295 106 m

## vA = Speed of spacecraft in the elliptical orbit after its speed

has been decreased
Elliptical orbit between A and B conservation of energy
TA =

Point A

1 2
mv A ,
2

VA =

GM sat m
rA

## M sat = mass of saturn

Determine GM sat from the speed of Tethys in its circular orbit.

GM sat
r

vcirc =

(Equation 12.44)

)(

3

## = 37.67 1015 m3/s 2

Point B
TB =

( 37.67 10 m /s ) m = 0.2036 10 m
=
(185 10 m )
15

VA

2
GM sat = rBvcirc

1 2
mvB
2

VB =

## 37.67 1015 m3/s 2 m

GM sat m
=
rB
295 106m

VB = 0.1277 109
TA + VA = TB + VB ;
1
1
mv A2 0.2036 109 m = mvB2 0.1277 109 m
2
2
vA2 vB2 = 0.1518 109
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Conservation of angular momentum

rAmvA = rB mvB

vB =

rA
185 106
vA =
vA = 0.6271vA
rB
295 106

2
vA2 1 ( 0.6271) = 0.1518 109 ,

vA = 15817 m/s

## v A = v A vA = 21000 15817 = 5183 m/s = 5.18 km/s !

(b)

vB =

rA
vA = ( 0.6271)(15817 ) = 9919 m/s,
rB
vB = 9.92 km/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 106.

Conservation of energy
1 2 GMm 1 2 GMm
mv0
= mv A
2
2
rB
rA
v A2 = v02

So

2GM
rB

rB
1
rA

(1)

Given
R = 6370 km = 6.37 106 m

= 398 1012

## rA = 6370 + 360 = 6730 km = 6.73 106 m

rB = 6370 + 60 = 6430 km = 6.43 106 m

v A2 = v02

2 398 1012
6.43 106

6
6.43 10
6.73 106

(2)

## We need another equation conservation of angular momentum

rB mv sin = rA m v A

=
6
v0 sin 50
rA
6.73 10
v A = 0.7319 v0
vA =

## ( 0.7319 v0 )2 = v02 5.518 106

0.46433 v02 = 5.518 106
v0 = 3477 m/s
v0 = 3450 m/s "

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 107.

Let E =

T +V
1
GM
= constant = v A2
m
2
rA

km
m
1

v A = 30,000

1000

hr
km 3600 s/hr

v A = 8333.33 m/s

)(

## GM = 398.059 1012 m3/s 2

rA = 4.3 106 m + R = 4.3 106 m + 6.37 106 m
rA = 10.67 106 m
E =

1
398.059 1012
(8333.3)2
2
10.67 106

E = 2584.19 103 m 2 /s 2
h/m = constant = v A rA sin 60

)(

3/2

h/m
h/m = r v, v =

## At min or max altitude,

Eliminate

1 2 GM 1 h/m
GM
h/m
v=
=
:E= v

r
2
R
2
r
r

Multiply by r :

1 h
Er = GMr
2m
2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

1 h
Er + ( GM ) r = 0
2m
2

And rearrange

rmin =

## Quadratic formula for minimum r:

rmin =

rmin =

398.06 1012 +

GM +

( GM )2 + 2E ( h/m )2
2E

2 2584.2 103

2 2584.2 103

## rmin = 7.848 106 m

Minimum altitude = 7.848 106 R
= 7.848 106 m 6.37 106 m
= 1.478 106 m
Minimum altitude = 1478 km !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

At A:

## hA = v r = ( 6.5 )( 5280 ) ( 3960 mi + 567 mi )( 5280 ft/mi )

hA = 820.336 109 ft 2 /s
R = ( 3960 mi )( 5280 ft/mi ) = 20.9088 106 ft

1
1
GM
( TA + V A ) = v 2
2
m
r
2

## ( 32.2 ) 20.9088 106

2
1
= ( 6.5 )( 5280 )
0
( 3960 + 567 )( 5280 )
2
Parabolic orbit
At B:

1
1
GM
=0
(TB + VB ) = vB2
2
m
rB
2

## 32.2 20.9088 106

1 2
vB =
( 3960 + 5190 )( 5280 )
2
vB2 = 582.76 106; vB = 24140 ft/s
vB = 4.57 mi/s !

(a)
hB = vB sin B rB = 820.336 109

sin B =

820.336 109
24140 ( 3960 + 5190 )( 5280 )

= 0.7034

(b)

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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B = 44.7 !

hA = v A rA ,

## vC = ( 2.97 mi/s )( 5280 ft/mi ) = 15681.6 ft/s

R = ( 3960 )( 5280 ) = 20.9088 106 ft
hC = vC b = 15681.6 b = v A 22.8994 106

(1)

1
v2
GM
(TA + VA ) = A
m
2
22.8994 106
GM = 32.2 20.9088 106
=

v A2
GM

2
22.8994 106

(2)

Solve ;
v A = 31361 ft/s
b = 45.8 106 ft
(a)

## v A = 5.94 mi/s "

(b)

b = 8670 mi "

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## rA = 1080 + 87 = 1167 mi = 6.1618 106 ft

rC = R = 1080 mi = 5.7024 106 ft
GM E = 0.0123gRE2

GM moon = 0.0123

## = 1.7315 1014 ft 3/s 2

vcirc =

At 87 mi:

GM moon
= 5301.0 ft/s
rA

(a) An elliptic trajectory between A and C, where the lem is just tangent
to the surface of the moon, will give the smallest reduction of speed
at A which will cause impact.
TA =

1 2
mv A
2

VA =

GM m m
= 28.101 106 m
rA

TC =

1 2
mvC
2

VC =

GM mm
= 30.364 106 m
rC

TA + VA = TC + VC :

1 2
mv A 28.101 106 m
2
=

1 2
mvC 30.364 106 m
2

## v A2 = vC2 4.526 106

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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(1)

vC =

rAmv A = rC mvC

rA
6.1618
vA =
v A = 1.0806v A
rC
5.7024
2

## v A = ( v A )circ v A = 5343.9 5195.1 = 148.8

v A = 148.8 ft/s !
(b) Conservation of energy (A and B)
Since rB = rC conservation of energy is the same as between
A and C
Conservation of angular momentum:

## rAmv A = rB mvB sin ;

vB =

= 45

rA v A
6.1618 VA
=

= 1.5281v A
rB sin 45 5.7024 0.70711

From (1)
2

## v A = ( v A )circ v A = 5343.9 1841.4 = 3487.3

v A = 3503 ft/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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GMm
v02
=
m
r0
r02

F = man

v02 =

GM
r0

## For elliptic orbit

Conservation of angular momentum

## r0mv0 cos = rAmv A

r

v A = 0 cos v0
rA

(1)

Conservation of energy
1 2 GMm 1 2
GMm
mv0 =
= mv A =
2
2
r0
rA

v02 v A2 =

2GM
r0
1
r0
rA

## Substitute for v A from (1)

r 2
2GM
v02 1 0 cos 2 =
r0
rA

But

v02

r0
1
rA

r
1 0 cos 2 = 2 1 0
rA
rA

GM
=
thus
r0

r
r
cos 0 2 0 + 1 = 0
rA
rA
2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Solving for

r0
rA
r0
+ 2 4 4 cos 2
1 sin
=
=
2
rA
2 cos
1 sin 2

rA =

## (1 + sin )(1 sin ) r

1 sin

= (1 sin ) r0
also valid for point A

Thus
rmax = (1 + sin ) r0

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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rmin = (1 sin ) r0 !

## rA = 6370 km + 362 km = 6732 km

rA = 6.732 106 m
rB = 6370 km + 64.4 km = 6434.4 km
rB = 6.4344 106 m

)(

## GM = 398.06 109 m3/s 2

Conservation of energy
TA =
TB =

1 2
mv A
2
1 2
mvB
2

VA =

GMm
398.06 109 m
=
= 59.130 106 m
rA
6.732 106

VB =

TA + VA = TB + VB :

GMm
398.06 109 m
=
= 61.86 106 m
rB
6.4344 106

1
1
mv A2 59.130 106 m = mvB2 61.86 106 m
2
2
v A2 = vB2 5.4609 106

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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(1)

## Conservation of angular momentum

rAmv A = rB mvB sin B
vB =

( rA ) vA
( rB )( sin B )

6732 1

vA
6434.4 sin 60

vB = 1.208v A

(2)

## Substitute vB from (2) in (1)

2
2
v A2 = (1.208v A ) 5.4609 106 ; v A2 (1.208 ) 1 = 5.4609 106

v A2 = 11.8905 106 m 2 /s 2
v A = 3.448 km/s
v A = 3.45 km/s !

(a)
From (2)

## vB = 1.208v A = 1.208 ( 3.45 km/s ) = 4.1655 km/s

(b)

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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vB = 4.17 km/s !

## Chapter 13, Solution 113.

rA = 6370 km + 362 km
= 6732 km
rB = 6370 km + 64.4 km

= 6434.4 km

F =

GMm
rA2
2

an =

m ( v A )circ
rA2

## Newtons second law

2

F = man

( vA )circ

GM
=
rA

GMm m ( v A )circ
=
rA
rA2
0.39806 1015
= 7.69 103 m/s
6
6.732 10

Energy expenditure
From Problem 13.112,

## v A = 3.448 103 m/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Energy,

E112 =

1
1
2
m ( v A )circ mv A2
2
2

E112 =

1
m 7.690 103
2

1
m 3.448 103
2

## E112 = 23.624 106 m J

( 23.624 10 m ) J
=
6

E113 = 0.50E112

## Thus, additional kinetic energy at A is,

23.624 106 m
1
2
m ( v A ) = E113 =
2
2

(1)

## Conservation of energy between A and B

TA =

1
2
2
m ( v A )circ + ( v A )

2
TB =

1 2
mvB
2

VA =

VB =

GMm
rA

GMm
rB

TA + VA = TB + VB

1
m 7.690 103
2
=

## 23.624 106 m 0.3980 1015 m

2
6.732 106

1 2 0.39806 1015 m
mvB
2
6.434 106

## vB2 = 59.136 106 + 23.624 106 118.26 106 + 123.74 106

vB2 = 88.240 106
vB = 9.39 km/s !
Conservation of angular momentum between A and B

## rAm ( v A )circ = rB mvB sin B

(
(

)
)

3
r ( v A )circ
( 6732 ) 7.690 10 = 0.8565
sin B = A
=
( 6434.4 ) 9.394 103
rB ( vB )

B = 58.9 !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Conservation of angular momentum

rAmv A = rP mvP

vA =

rP
vP
rA

(1)

Conservation of energy
1 2 GMm 1 2 GMm
mvP
= mv A
2
2
rP
rA

(2)

## Substituting for v A from (1) into (2)

2

vP2

r
2GM
2GM
= P vP2
rP
r
rA
A

rP 2

1 vP = 2GM 1 1

rA
rP rA

rA2 rP2 2
r rP
vP = 2GM A
2
rArP
rA

With

rA2 rP2 = ( rA rP )( rA + rP )

vP2 =

2GM rA
(3) !
rA + rP rP

## Exchanging subscripts P and A

v A2 =

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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2GM rP

rA + rP rA

( QED ) !

vP2 =

2GM rA
( rA + rP ) rP

## Total energy at point P is

E = TP + VP =

1 2 GMm
mvP
2
rP
1 2GMm rA GMm

2 ( rA + r0 ) rP
rP

rA
1
= GMm

rP ( rA + rP ) rP

= GMm

( rA rA rP )
rP ( rA + rP )
E =

GMm
"
rA + rP

## Note: Recall that gravitational potential of a satellite is defined as being

zero at an infinite distance from the earth.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

F = man :

GMm
v2
=
m
r
r2

v2 =

E = T +V =

GM
r

1 2 GMm
1 GMm
mv
=
2
r
2 r

(1)

## Thus E required to pass from circular orbit of radius r1 to circular

E = E1 E2 =

1 GMm 1 GMm
+
2 r1
2 r2

GMm ( r2 r1 )
(2) (Q.E.D.)
2r1r2
(b) For an elliptic orbit we recall Equation (3) derived in
E =

v12 =

2Gm r2
( r1 + r2 ) r1

## At point A: Initially spacecraft is in a circular orbit of radius r1

2
vcirc
=

Tcirc =

GM
r1

1 2
1 GM
mvcirc = m
2
2
r1

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## After the spacecraft engines are fired and it is placed on a

semi-elliptic path AB, we recall
v12 =

T1 =

And

2GM

( r1 + r2 )

r2
r1

1 2 1
2GMr2
mv1 = m
2
2 r1 ( r1 + r2 )

## At point A, the increase in energy is

E A = T1 Tcirc =
E A =

1
2GMr2
1 GM
m
m
2 r1 ( r1 + r2 ) 2
r1

=
2r1 ( r1 + r2 )
2r1 ( r1 + r2 )
E A =

r2 GMm ( r2 r1 )

2r1r2
r1 + r2

E A =

r2
E
( r1 + r2 )

## A similar derivation at point B yields,

EB =

r1

( r1 + r2 )

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

( Q.E.D )

( Q.E.D )

## If the point of intersection P0 of the circular and elliptic orbits is at an

end of the minor axis, then v0 is parallel to the major axis. This will be
the case only if + 90 = 0 , that is if cos 0 = sin we must
therefore prove that

cos 0 = sin

(1)

## We recall from Equation (12.39):

1 GM
= 2 + C cos
r
h
When = 0,

r = rmin

and

(2)

rmin = r0 (1 sin )

1
GM
= 2 +C
r0 (1 sin )
h

(3)

r = rmax = r0 (1 + sin )

For = 180,

1
GM
= 2 C
r0 (1 + sin )
h

(4)

## Adding (3) and (4) and dividing by 2:

GM
1
1
1
1

=
1 sin + 1 + sin =
2
2
r
2
h
r0 cos
0

## Subtracting (4) from (3) and dividing by 2:

C =

C =
Substitute for

1
1
1
1 2sin

=
2r0 1 sin 1 + sin 2r0 1 sin 2

sin
r0 cos 2

GM
and C into Equation (2)
h2
1
1
=
(1 + sin cos )
r
r0 cos 2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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(5)

## Letting r = r0 and = 0 in Equation (5), we have

cos 2 = 1 + sin cos 0
cos 0 =

cos 2 1
sin 2
=
= sin
sin
sin

This proves the validity of Equation (1) and thus P0 is an end of the
minor axis of the elliptic orbit.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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rA = R

(a)

## Rmv0 sin 0 = rB mvB

rB = R + R = (1 + ) R
vB =

Rv0 sin 0
v sin 0
= 0
(1 + ) R (1 + )

(1)

Conservation of Energy
TA + VA = TB + VB
v02 vB2 =

1 2 GMm 1 2
GMm
= mvB
mv0
2
R
2
(1 + ) R

2GMm
1 2GMm
1
=

R
1+
R 1 +

## Substitute for vB from (1)

sin 2 0 2GMm
=
v02 1

R 1 +
+
1

(
)

2GM
2
vesc
=
From Equation (12.43):
R

sin 2 0
2
= vesc
v02 1

1 +
(1 + )

sin 2 0

(1 + )2
sin 0 = (1 + )

v
= 1 esc
v0 1 +

vesc
1

1 + v0

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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Q.E.D.

(2)

## (b) Allowable values of v0 ( for which maximum altitude = R )

0 sin 2 0 1
For sin 0 = 0, from (2)
2

v
0 = 1 esc
v0 1 +

v0 = vesc

1+

## For sin 0 = 1, from (2)

2

(1 + )2

v
= 1 esc
v0 1 +

vesc
1
1 1 + 2 + 2 1 2 +
=

= 1 +
=

1+
(1 + )
1+
v0

v0 = vesc

1+
2+
vesc

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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1+

v0 vesc

1+
!
2+

## Chapter 13, Solution 119.

mv 0 + 0 Fdt = mv 6
0 + 0 ( 20sin 2t ) i + ( 24 cos 2t ) j dt =

3
v6
32.2

3
v6
32.2

## 10 [ cos12 cos 0] i + 12 [sin12 sin 0] j = 0.09317 v 6

1.5615i 6.4389 j = 0.09317 v 6
v 6 = [16.759i 69.109 j] ft/s

v6 = 71.1 ft/s !
76.4 !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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## Chapter 13, Solution 120.

Fdt = mv m v 0
t

2
( ( 4t 8) i 2 j) dt = 4v = ( 2t 8t ) i 2tj

## v = 0.5t 2 2t i 0.5 t j m/s

v = ( speed ) = 0.5t 2 2t

+ ( 0.5t )

= 0.25t 4 2t 3 + 4t 2 + 0.25 t 2
= t 2 0.25t 2 2t + 4.25

d
speed 2 = 2 t 0.25 t 2 2 t + 4.25 + t 2 [ 0.5 t 2]
dt
= t 3 6 t 2 + 8.5 t = 0

Roots:

t = 0, v = 0, t =
t=

At

6 36 4 ( 8.5 )
2
6 2
= 2.2929 s, 3.7071 s ( outside interval)
2

## t = 2.2929 s, v = 1.9571i 1.1464 j

v = 2.27 m/s, max "

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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t1 2 = 10 s

FN =

## ( 440 kg )( 5.00 m/s 3.3333 m/s )

10 s

= 73.33 N
FN = 73.3 N !

Note: FN is the net force provided by the sails. The force on the sails is actually greater and includes the force
needed to overcome the water resistance of the hull.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Chapter 13, Solution 122.

= 0

(a)

Ft = kWt = k mgt
mv A k mgt = mvB

9 0.30 ( 9.81) t = 0
t = 3.06 s !

= 20

(b)

Nt = Wtcos 20 = mgtcos 20
Ft = k Nt
mv A k mgcos 20t mgtsin 20 = 0

## 9 0.65 ( 9.81) cos 20 + 9.81sin 20 t = 0

9 9.81( 0.9528 ) t = 0
t = 0.963 s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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## Chapter 13, Solution 123.

W = 20, 000 lb

m=

20, 000
= 621.118 lb s 2 ft
32.2

## Momentum in the x direction

x: mv0 ( F + mg sin15 ) t = mv1
621.118 (108 ) ( F + mg sin15 ) 6 = ( 621.118 )( 36 )
F + mg sin15 = 7453.4
(a)

## F = 7453.4 20,000 sin15 = 2277 lb

F = 2280 lb !

(b)

mv0 ( F + mg sin15 ) t = 0

t = total time

## 621.118 (108 ) 7453.4 t = 0;

t = 9.00 s

Additional time = 9 6 = 3 s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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## Chapter 13, Solution 124.

W = 20, 000 lb
m=

20, 000
= 621.118 lb s 2 ft
32.2

## Momentum, x: mv0 ( F + mg sin15 ) t = mv1

v
621.118 ( v0 ) ( F + mg sin15 )( 5.5 ) = 621.118 0
2
310.559 v0 = ( F + mg sin15 )( 5.5 )

(1)

Conservation of energy:

1
1
mv02 ( F + mg sin15) x = mv12
2
2
310.559 v02 ( F + mg sin15)( 540) =

3 310.559 v02
4

310.559 v02
4

) = ( F + mg sin15)(540)

## Using (1) eliminate ( F + mg sin15) :

310.559 v0 =

v0 =

(a)

(b)

( F + mg sin15) =

## 3 310.559 v02 5.5

4
180

( 4 )( 540 ) = 130.909 ft
3 ( 5.5 )

s = 89.3 mi h !

=
= 7391.8
5.5
5.5

## F = ( 7391.8 20000 sin15) = 2215 lb

F = 2220 lb !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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## Chapter 13, Solution 125.

v2 = 100 km h = 27.777 m s
v1 = 80 km h = 22.222 m s
(a)

0 F dt = F ( 8) = m ( v2 v1 ) = m (100 80 ) 3600

1000

F = 0.69444 m

on the level

x : 0 ( F mg sin 6) dt = m ( v10 27.777 )
10

(a)

## v10 27.777 = 3.3098, v10 = 24.468 m s

F = 0.69444 m

v10 = 88.1 km h !
(b)

1000

## 0.69444 m m ( 9.81) sin 6 t = m ( 11.111)

t = 33.6 s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Chapter 13, Solution 126.

W = (20)(9.81) = 196.2 N

## Impulse diagonally (assume sliding)

x : [ P cos 20 196.2 sin 20 0.3 N ] ( 6) = 20 (15)
y : [ N 196.2 cos 20 P sin 20] ( 6) = 0
15
P cos 20 196.2 sin 20 0.3[196.2 cos 20 + P sin 20] = 20 = 50
6
P ( cos 20 0.3 sin 20 ) = 50 + 67.104 + 55.310
P = 205.97 N
Check s
Static value

## P cos 20 196.2 sin 20 0.4 N = 0

P ( cos 20 0.4 sin 20) = 196.2 sin 20 + 78.48 cos 20 = 140.85
Pstatic = 175.4 N < 206 N

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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P = 206 N !

## Chapter 13, Solution 127.

v1 = 55mi h = 80.667 ft s

## Use impulse momentum

x-Direction
m v1 s m gt = 0

t=

v1
80.667 ft s
=
s g ( 0.4 ) 32.2 ft s 2

)
t = 6.26 s !

Since this is the shortest time the load can be brought to rest and the load does not slide it is also the shortest
time the rig can be brought to rest.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Chapter 13, Solution 128.

t =4
t = 0 F dt = m ( v2 v1 )

4
0 ( 5P 40 ) dt = ( 40 32.2 ) ( 2 ( 3) )

20 P 40 ( 4 ) = ( 40 32.2 )( 5 )
(a)

P = ( 6.2112 + 160 ) 20
P = 8.31 lb !

(b)

t
0 ( 5P 40 ) dt = ( 40 32.2 ) ( 0 ( 3) )

5 Pt 40 t = ( 40 32.2 )( 3)
t = 2.4 s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Chapter 13, Solution 129.

(a) Combined

v = 90 km h = 25 m s
W1 = ( 6500 )( 9.81) = 63765 N; W2 = ( 3600 )( 9.81) = 35316 N
N1 = W1;

N 2 = W2

F = 0.75 N1

Impulse = 0 mv0

## 0.75 N1t = 10,100 kg ( 25 m s )

t=

10,100 ( 25 )
= 5.2798 s t = 5.28 s !
( 0.75)( 63765)

## (b) Second trailer alone

Impulse = C t = m2v

C ( 5.2798 ) = 3600 kg ( 25 m s )
C = 17046 N
C = 17.05 kN !
Compression

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Chapter 13, Solution 130.

(a)

v1 = 72 km/h = 20 m/s

Entire train

mA + mB = 18 + 13 = 31 Mg = 31 103 kg

## 0 = (19000 N + 19000 N ) t1 2 + 31 103 kg ( 20 m/s )

( 31 10 kg ) ( 20 m/s ) = 16.3158 s
=
3

t1 2

38000 N

t1 2 = 16.32 s !
(b)

Car A

mA = 18 Mg = 18 103 kg;

t1 2 = 16.32 s

## 0 = (19000 N ) + FC [16.32 s ] + (18000 kg )( 20 m/s )

FC = 3058.8 N
FC = 3.06 kN T !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Chapter 13, Solution 131.

(a)

Entire train

v1 = 72 km/h = 20 m/s

mA + mB = 18 + 13 = 31 Mg = 31000 kg
0 = (19000 N ) t1 2 + ( 31000 kg )( 20 m/s )
t1 2 = 32.63 s
t1 2 = 32.6 s !
(b)

Car A

0 = FC t1 2 + mAv1;
FC =

(18000 kg )( 20 m/s )
( 32.63 s )

t1 2 = 32.63 s
= 11033 N
FC = 11.03 kN T !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Chapter 13, Solution 132.

Constraint: v A
A:
B:

x
x

= 3 vB
20 ( 0.5 ) sin 30 T ( 0.5 ) =
3T ( 0.5 ) 16 ( 0.5 ) sin 30 =

20
vA
32.2
16
16 v A
vB =
32.2
32.2 ( 3)

Substituting for T(0.5) from the equation for A into the equation for B

Impulse diagrams

From A:
T ( 0.5 ) = 5 0.62112 v A
15 1.8634 vA 4 =

0.4969 v A
3

2.029 v A = 11
vA = 5.4214
(a)

v A = 5.42 ft/s

30 !

## T ( 0.5 ) = 5 0.62112 ( 5.4214 )

T = 3.2653 lb
(b)

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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T = 3.27 lb !

## Chapter 13, Solution 133.

l 3 ( xC x A ) + ( xC xB ) + ( d xB )

Constraint:

4 vC 2 vB 3 v A = 0

For

v A , vB

At t = 0,

4 (15ft/s ) 2 vB 3 ( 9 ft/s ) = 0,

(2) 3Tt 4t =
Given

20
( vA 9 )
32.2

and

(3) 4Tt 4t =

(1)

vC +

20
( vC 15)
32.2

vB = 16.5 ft/s

(4) 2Tt 2t =

10
( vB 16.5)
32.2

## t = 0.5 s 4 Equations in T, vA, vB, vC

3 v A 2vB + 4 vC = 0

(1)

## 1.5 T 0.6211 v A = 3.5901 (2)

2T 0.6211 vC = 7.3168 (3)
T 0.31056 vB = 4.1242 (4)

## From the solution of the above equations.

(a)

(b)

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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v A = 6.07 ft/s

"

vB = 13.7 ft/s

"

vC = 11.4 ft/s

"

T = 0.1212 lb "

## Chapter 13, Solution 134.

Kinematics
Length of cable is constant.
L = 2X A + X B
dL
= 2v A + vB = 0
dt
vB = 2v A

( v A )2

= 0.6 m/s

Collar A
mA = 15 kg

( mAvA )1 + ( 2T )( t1 2 ) WAt1 2

= m ( v A )2

## 0 + 2T (15 9.81) t1 2 = (15 )( 0.6 )

(T

73.575 ) t1 2 = 4.5

(1)

Collar B
mB = 10 kg

( vB ) 2

= 2 ( v A )2 = 1.2 m/s

( mBvA )1 T ( t1 2 ) + WB ( t1 2 ) = ( mBvB )2
0 + (10 9.81) T ( t1 2 ) = 10 (1.2 )

(2)

## Add Equation (1) and Equation (2) (eliminating T)

( 98.1 73.575) t1 2
t1 2 =

16.5
= 0.673 s
24.52

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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= 4.5 + 12
t = 0.673 s !

## Chapter 13, Solution 135.

Lets find out if they slide assume they dont slide and find the required angle for impending motion

Fy = 0; N A mA g cos i = 0; N A = mA g cos i

Fx = 0; s N A mA g sin i = 0
s m A g cos i = m A g sin i
tan i = s = 0.3
so

## Assume they slide at the same velocity (remain in contact)

impulse momentum

x - dir

0 + ( mA g + mB g ) t sin ( kA N A + kB N B ) t = ( mA + mB ) v
(a) Solve for v
v=

( mA g + mB g ) t sin [ k A mA g cos
m A + mB

+ k B mB g cos ] t

## ( 6 + 9 )( 9.81)( 3) sin 20 ( 0.25)( 6 ) + 0.15 ( 9 ) 9.81 cos 20 ( 3)

6+9

v = 4.811 m/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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v A = vB = 4.81 m/s

So

FAB =
=

t

## ( 9 )( 9.81)( 3) sin 20 0.15 ( 9 )( 9.81) cos 20 ( 3) ( 4.81)( 9 )

3

= 3.319 N

F AB = 3.32 N !
Since this is positive our assumption that the blocks stay in contact is correct

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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## P = 2 kg 9.81 m/s 2 = 19.62 N

From t = 0 to t = 2 s

P = 20t

t =

19.62
= 0.981 s
20

0 < t < 2s

(a) For

P = 20t
t1 = 0.981 s

t2 = 2 s, v1 = 0

1
t

## 0 + 0.981 20t dt ( 2 9.81)( 2 0.981) = 2v2

2

v2 =

1 20 N
2
2
2
s

0.981
s

19.62
N
2
s

0.981
s
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)

2 kg 2 s

v2 = 5.1918 m/s
v2 = 5.19 m/s !

(b) From t = 2 s to t = 3 s
v2 = 5.19 m/s, from (a)
P = 40 N
t2 = 2 s

2 s t 3s
t3 = 3 s

2
t

## 2 ( 5.1918 ) + 2 40dt (19.62 )( 3 2 ) = 2v3

3

v3 = ( 5.1918 m/s ) +

1
( 20.38 N )(1 s )
( 2 kg )

## v3 = 5.1918 + 10.19 = 15.3818 m/s

v3 = 15.38 m/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## (a) Determine time at which collar starts to move.

P = 20t , 0 < t < 2 s
Collar moves when

P = 2 kg 9.81 m/s 2 ,

t =

or

P
19.62
=
= 0.981 s
20
20

## mv1 + 0.981 Pdt 0.981Wdt = mv2

t < 2s

For

2s < t < 3s
t > 3s
t < 3s

For

P = 20t ( N )
P = 40 N
P=0

W = 2 kg 9.81 m/s 2

## area ABCD = maximum impulse

=

1
( 20.38 N )(1.019 s ) + ( 20.38 N )(1 s )
2

## area ABCD = 30.76 N s

0 + 30.76 N s = ( 2 kg ) vmax

## vmax = 15.38 m/s !

(b) Velocity is zero when total impulse is zero at t + t.
For
Thus,

## 0.981 s < t < 3 s, impulse = 19.62t ( N s )

total impulse = 0 = 30.76 19.62t
t = 1.57 s
Time to zero velocity t = 3 s + 1.57 s = 4.57 s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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(a)

P = 20 4t
t

## mv1 W sin 30t + Pdt = mv2

0

0
5

12sin 30 ( 5 ) + ( 20 4t ) dt =
0

12
v2
32.2

30 + 20t 2t 2 = 0.37267v2
0
v2 = 53.7 ft/s !

(b) After t = 5 s,

P=0

## v5 = 53.7 ft/s, t is time after 5 s

mv5 12sin 30t = 0

12
( 53.7 ) = 6t t = 3.34 s;
32.2

t = 5 + t
t = 8.34 s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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p = C1 C2t ,

C1 = p0 ,

where

p0
1.6 103

C2 =

0.70 oz
16 oz
0.04375
1 lb
=
m=
g
g
A=

1.6103

0.12566 0

( 0.4 )2

( C1 C2t ) dt

= 0.12566 m 2

## 0.04375 ( 2100 ft/s )

(32.2 ft/s )
2

= 2.85326

1.6103

2
C1t C2t
2

(1.6 10 s )
s( p )
3

1.6 10

= 22.706

p0
= 22.706
1.6 103 s

(1.6 10 s ) p
3

= 22.706

p0 = 28.383 lb/in 2
p0 = 28.4 ksi !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Chapter 13, Solution 140.

1
m = 2 oz (1 lb/16 oz )
= 0.003882 lb s 2 /ft
2
32.2 ft/s
Conservation of energy (before impact)

1
1
2
m v12 + mgh1 = m v12 + v Ay
2
2

1
1
2
2
m ( 54) + m ( 32.2) ( 4.5) = m 542 + v Ay
2
2

## Conservation of energy (after impact)

1
1
2
m vAy2 + v22 = m ( v2 ) + mg h2
2
2
1
1
2
2
m vAy2 + ( 30) = m ( 30) + m ( 32.2)( 3)

2
2
vAy = 13.8996 ft/s (Just after impact)

## x : 0.003882 ( 54) FH ( 0.004) = 0.003882 ( 30) , FH = 23.292 lb

y : 0.003882 (17.0235) + Fv ( 0.004) = 0.003882 (13.8996) , Fv = 30.011 lb

FI = impulsive force

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FI = 38.0 lb

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52.2 !

## Chapter 13, Solution 141.

v1 = 30 ft/s

v2 = 36 ft/s

t = 0.18 s

mv1 + ( P W ) t = mv2

Vertical components
0 + ( PV W ) ( 0.18 ) =

W
( 36sin 50)
g

PV W = 4.758 W
PV = 5.76 W !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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## Use impulsemomentum for bullet

Knowns:

m = 0.028 kg,

v1 = 650 m/s,

v2 = 500 m/s,

x-dir
mv1 cos 20 Fx t = mv2 cos10

So,

y -dir

So,

## We need t. The average velocity is 600 m/s

x = vave t; t =

x
0.05 m
=
= 83.33 106 s
vave 600 m/s

So
3.3151

= 39.78 kN
6
83.33 10

F = 111.2 kN
8.6558
Fy =
= 103.87 kN

83.33 106
Fx =

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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## m ( 0.15 ) (18 ) ( 0.15 ) = m ( 0.5 )&2 ( 0.5 )

Conservation of energy:
2
2
1
1
m 0.15 (18) = m 0.5 (1.62) + R& 2

2
2

## Motion relative to the rod:

(1.5) ( 2.5756) F t = 0
F t = 3.86 N s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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## Chapter 13, Solution 144.

v2 = 38 m/s
mv1 +
0.5 103

0 + 0

t0
0 Fdt = mv2

Fm sin

0.5 103

dt = ( 0.045 kg )( 38 m/s )

Fm = 5.37 kN !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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## (a) Force on the belt is opposite to the direction shown.

v1 = 72 km/h = 20 m/s,

## mv1 Fdt = mv2

m = 100 kg

Fdt = Favet

t
(100 kg )( 20 m/s ) Fave ( 0.110 s ) = 0
(100 )( 20 ) = 18182 N
Fave =
( 0.110 )

= 0.110 s

Fave = 18.18 kN !

(b)

## Impulse = area under F t diagram

=

1
Fm ( 0.110 s )
2

From (a)

Impulse = Fave t

= (18182 N )( 0.110 s )
1
Fm ( 0.110 ) = 18182 ( 0.110 )
2
Fm = 36.4 kN !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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## Chapter 13, Solution 146.

1
mB = (100) ( 2000)
= 6211.18 lb s 2 /ft
32.2
1
mT = (120) ( 2000)
= 7453.42 lb s 2 /ft
32.2

0 + F t = mB vB = ( 6211.18) vB
mT ( 6) F t = mT vT

( 7453.42 ) ( 6 ) F t = ( 7453.42 ) vT
constraint:

Solving;

vT /B = vT vB = 5.4 ft/s

## 7453.42 ( 6 ) = ( 6211.18 ) [ vT 5.4] + 7453.42 vT

(13664.6) vT = 78260.9
vT = 5.7273 ft/s
vT = 5.73 ft/s

(a)

## vB = 5.7273 ft/s 5.4 ft/s = 0.3273 ft/s

F t = mB vB = ( 6211.18) ( 0.3273) = 2032 lb s

(b)

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F t = 2030 lb s !

## Chapter 13, Solution 147.

WB =

1
1 1
2
lb = 0.0625 lb; mB =
= 0.001941 lb s /ft
16
16 32.2

## x : mB v0 cos 30+ 0 = ( mB + mblock ) v

(1)

y : mB v0 sin 30+ F t = 0

(2)

After impact

## x : ( mB + mblock ) v ( mB + mblock ) ( 32.2 ) (1.2 ) sin15 = 0

v gt sin15 = 10.001 ft/s

From (1)

(WB + Wblock )

v
g

= (8.0625) (10.001)
v0 =
WB
0.0625cos 30
g cos 30

(a)

v0 = 1489.7 ft/s

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v0 = 1490 ft/s !

## mB v0 = ( 0.001941) (1489.7 ) = 2.8915; mB v = ( 0.001941) (10.001) = 0.01941

x
y

:
:

Solve:

mB v0 cos15 + Fx t = mB v cos15
mB v0 sin15 + Fy t = mB v sin15

Fx t = 2.7742
Fy t = 0.7534 F t = 2.87 lb s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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## Chapter 13, Solution 148.

v A = v A/B + v B : v A =

30
+
3.59 m/s

m A v Ax + mB vBx = 0

vB

2 [3.59 cos 30 vB ] + 10 ( vB ) = 0

After impact,

(a)

v A = vB = 0

F t = mA v A =

"

(b)

## Loss = T , just before impact =

1
1
2 v A2 +
10 vB2
2
2
2

2
6.3038
T =
+ 5 ( 0.51817 ) = 11.28 J "
2

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mA = 75 kg,
(a)

## Swimmers dive simultaneously

mC vC
0 = mC vC + ( mA + mB ) v2

(1)

## Relative velocity of swimmers with respect to the boat is 3 m/s

v2 vC = 3 m/s v2 = vC + 3
Substitute into (1)
0 = mC vC + ( m A + mB ) ( vC + 3)
Solve
vC =

3 ( mA + mB )

mA + mB + mC

3 ( 75 + 50)
( 75 + 50 + 200)
vC = 1.154 m/s

(b)

## A dives first and then B

x-dir

0 = ( mC + mB ) vC2 mA v2

(2)

continued

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## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

vC vC2 = 3 v2 = vC2 + 3

Relative velocity
Substitute into (2)

0 = ( mC + mB ) vC2 m A vC2 + 3
Solve for vC2
vC2 =

3mA
mA + mB + mC

(3)

## Now look at C and B.

x-dir.

( mC + mB ) vC2 = mC vC3 + mB v3

(4)

Relative velocity

v3 vC2 = 3 v3 = vC3 + 3
Substitute into (4)

## ( mC + mB ) vC2 = mC vC3 + mB ( vC2 + 3)

so

vC3 =

mC + mB
3mB
vC2
mC + mB
mC + mB

(5)

vC3 =

3m A
3mB

m A + mB + mC mC + mB

(6)

## Substituting (3) into (5)

with numbers

75
50
vC3 = 3
+
= 1.2923
75 + 50 + 200 200 + 50
vC3 = 1.292 m/s
(c)

Swimmer B dives first solution is the same as for (b) except switch mA and mB
3mB
3m A
vC3 =

m A + mB + mC mC + m A

50
75
= 3
+
= 1.280
75 + 50 + 200 200 + 75
vC3 = 1.280 m/s

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3 1
mball =
= 0.005823
16 32.2
14 1
mplate =
= 0.027174
16 32.2

(a)

## vy = 2 g (1.8) = 10.7666 ft/s

Conservation of momentum
mball v y + 0 = mball vy + mplate vplate

## ( 0.005823) (17.582) + 0 = ( 0.005823) (10.7666) + ( 0.027174) vplate

vplate
= 6.0747 ft/s

(b)

vplate
= 6.07 ft/s

Energy loss

(T

Initial energy
Final energy

(T

+ V )2 =

+ V )1 =

1
( 0.005823) ( 6)2 + ( 0.005823) g ( 4.8) = 1.0048
2

1
1
( 0.005823) ( 6)2 + ( 0.005823) g (1.8) + ( 0.027174) ( 6.0747) 2
2
2

= 0.9437

Energy lost

= (1.0048 0.9437 ) ft lb =

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0.0611 ft lb !

Before impact

## T1 = 0, V1 = mgh = ( 30 kg ) 9.81 m/s 2 ( 2 m ) = 588.6 N

T2 =

1 2
mv , V2 = 0
2

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2 : 588.6 =

1
( 30 ) v 2 v = 6.2642 m/s
2

## (a) Rigid columns

mv + F t = 0
30 ( 6.2642 ) = F t
F t = 187.93 N s

on the block
F t = 187.9 N s !

## All of the kinetic energy of the block is absorbed by the chain.

T =

1
( 30 )( 6.2642 )2 = 588.6 J
2
E = 589 J !

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(b)

Elastic columns

## Momentum of system of block and beam is conserved

mv = ( M + m ) v
Referring to figure in Part (a)

v =

m
30
v=
( 6.2642 ) = 1.2528 m/s
m+M
150
mv + F t = mv

## F t = m ( v v ) = 30 ( 6.2642 1.2528 ) = 150.34

F t = 150.3 N s !
E =

1 2 1
30
120
2
2
2
mv mv2 =
6.2642 ) (1.2528 )
1.2528 )
(
(

2
2
2
2
= 565.06 94.170 = 470.89

E = 471J !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Chapter 13, Solution 152.

T =

Before impact

(a) For

mA = ,

1
1
mH vH2 = (0.75) (6) 2 = 13.5 J
2
2

T2 = 0

So,
Energy absorbed = 13.5 J!
0

## Impulse = mH (vH v2 ) = (0.75) (6) = 4.5 N s !

(b) mA = 4 kg

y-dir

mH vH = (m A + mH ) v2
v2 =

So

T2 =

mH vH
(0.75) (6)
=
= 0.9474 m/s
mA + mH
(4 + 0.75)

1
1
(mA + mH ) v22 = (4 + 0.75) (0.9474) 2 = 2.1316 J
2
2
Energy absorbed = T1 T2 = 13.5 2.1316
E = 11.37 J !

System = hammer

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## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

y-dir :

mH vH F t = mH v2

So

F t = mH (vH v2 )
= 0.75(6 0.9474)
= 3.79

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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F t = 3.79 N s !

## v = 96 mi/h = 140.8 ft/s

m=

t =

5
/g = 0.3125/g
16

d
vAVE

8
12
=
= 0.02667 s
25

0.3125
(140.8) FAVE ( 0.02667 ) = 0
g
FAVE = 51.2 lb !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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## Chapter 13, Solution 154.

For the sphere at A immediately before and after the cord becomes taut

mv0 + F t = mv A
mv0 sin F t = 0
m=

F t = 0.8 lb s
4
g

4
( sin 65.38) v0 = 0.8
g
v0 = 7.08 ft/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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(a)

mv A mvB = 2mv

v =

1
( v A vB ) !
2

## (b) Energy loss

EL = TA + TB (TA + TB )
EL =

1
1
m v A2 + vB2 m v2 + v2
2
2

From (a)
v =

1
( v A vB )
2

EL =

1
1 1
2
m v A2 + vB2 m ( v A vB )
2
2 2

EL =

1
1
m v A2 + vB2 m v A2 2v AvB + vB2
2
4

EL =

1 2
1
2
m v A + 2v AvB + vB2 = m ( v A + vB ) !
4
4

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## Chapter 13, Solution 156.

Before impact

After impact

m v A + m vB = m vA + m vB

(1)

vB vA = e (v A vB )

vA =

## From (1) and (2) solve for vA , vB

(2)

(v A vB ) 0.5 (v A vB )
2

vB =

(v A + vB ) + 0.5(v A vB )
2
(a) vA = (v A + 3vB ) / 4 !
vB = (3 v A + vB ) / 4 !

## (b) Loss of energy =

Loss of energy =

m
2

m 2
m 2
(v A + vB2 )
(vA + vB2 )
2
2

1 2
2
2
2
2
2
v A + vB 16 (v A + 6 v A vB + 9 vB + 9 v A + 6 v A vB + vB )

Loss of energy =

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3m
(v A vB ) 2 !
16

## Chapter 13, Solution 157.

System = A + B

(a) x-dir
m A v A mB vB = m A vA + mB vB

(1)

Unknowns vB , vA
Coefficient of restitution
vBr vAr = e (v Ar vBr )

## For our problem

vB vA = e (v A + vB )

With numbers

(2)

vA = 2.3 m/s;

vB = 2.2 m/s

vA = 2.3 m/s

vB = 2.2 m/s

## (b) Energy lost

T1 =
T2 =

1
1
1
1
m A v 2A + mB vB2 = (0.6) (4) 2 + (0.9) (2) 2 = 6.6 J
2
2
2
2

1
1
1
1
2
2
mA ( vA ) + mB ( vB ) = (0.6) (2.3) 2 + (0.9) (2.2) 2 = 3.765 J
2
2
2
2
E = T1 T2 = 2.835J

E = 2.84 J !

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## Chapter 13, Solution 158.

System = A + B

x-dir
m A v A mB vB = m A vA + mB vB

(1)

Unknowns e, vA
Coefficient of restitution
vB vA = e (v A + vB )

Where,

v A = 4 m/s;
m A = 0.6 kg;

vB = 2 m/s;

(2)
vB = 2.5 m/s

mB = 0.9 kg

## Solve 2 equations and 2 unknowns

vA = 2.75 m/s; e = 0.875

e = 0.875 !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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## From conservation of momentum

mA v A + mB vB = mA vA + mB vB
1.2
2.4
1.2

=
+0
gv A
g
gvA

gs cancel

(1)

From restitution
0.8 =

vA
, vA = 0.8 v A + 14.4
v A + 18

(2)

2.16 v A = 25.92

v A = 12 ft/s

## (b) Velocity of A after impact

vA = 0.8(12) + 14.4
vA = 24 ft/s

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## From conservation of momentum

m A v A + mB vB = mA vB + mB vB gs cancel

1.2
2.4
2.4

(24 ft/s)
vB = 0 +
vB
g
g
g

(1)

From restitution
0.2 =

vB
, vB = 4.8 + 0.2vB
24 + vB

(2)

## (a) Velocity of B before impact from equations (1) and (2)

28.8 2.4vB = 2.4 (4.8 + 0.2vB ) = 11.52 + 0.48vB
2.88 vB = 17.28

vB = 6 ft/s

vB = 6 ft/s

## (b) Velocity of B after impact

vB = 4.8 + 0.2 (6)

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## (a) Total momentum conserved

mAv A + mBvB = mAvA + mBv

6
v0
mB 1

( 6 kg ) v0 + mB ( v0 ) = 0 + mBv v =

(1)

Relative velocities

( vA vB ) e = vB vA

v = 2v0e

(2)

## From equations (1) and (2)

6
6
2v0e =
v0 2v0 ( 0.5 ) =
v0
mB 1
mB 1
mB = 3 kg !
(b) Using

Gives,

6
2v0e =
v0
mB 1
2e + 1 =

6
6
mB =
2e + 1
mB

e = 0, mB = 6 kg
e = 1, mB = 2 kg
2 kg mB 6 kg !

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## (a) First collision (between A and B)

The total momentum is conserved

## mv A + mvB = mvA + mvB

v0 = vA + vB

(1)

Relative velocities

( vA vB ) e = ( vB vA )
v0e = vB vA

(2)

vA =

v0 (1 e )
!
2

vB =

v0 (1 + e )
!
2

## (b) Second collision (Between B and C)

The total momentum is conserved.

## mvB + mvC = mvB + mvC

Using the result from (a) for vB

v0 (1 + e )
+ 0 = vB + vC
2

(3)

Relative velocities

( vB 0 ) e = vC

vB

## Substituting again for vB from (a)

v0

(1 + e )
2

( e ) = vC

vB

(4)
continued

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vC =

(e)
1 v0 (1 + e )
+ v0 (1 + e )

2
2
2
2

v (1 + e )
vC = 0
!
4
2

vB =

v0 (1 e )
!
4

## (c) For n spheres

n Balls
n 1th collision
We note from the answer to part (b), with n = 3

vn = v3 = vC =
v3 =

or

v0 (1 + e )
4

( 3 1)

v0 (1 + e )
2(

3 1)

vn =

( n 1)

v0 (1 + e )
2(

n 1)

## (d) For n = 8, e = 0.90

From the answer to part (c) with n = 8

vB =

(8 1)

v0 (1 + 0.9 )
2(

8 1)

v0 (1.9 )

( 2 )7

v8 = 0.698v0 !

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(a)

Packages A and B

## mAv A + mBvB = mAvA + mBvB

16
16
8
( 6 ) = vA + vB 16vA + 8vB = 96
g
g
g

2vA + vB = 12 (1)
Relative velocities

( vA vB ) e = vB vA

vB vA = 0.3 ( 6 ) = 1.8

(2)

## Solving Equations (1) and (2) simultaneously

vA = 3.4 ft/s
vB = 5.2 ft/s
Packages B and C

mBvB + mC vC = mBvB + mC vC
8
8
12
( 5.2 ) = vB + vC
g
g
g

(3)

## vB vC vB = 0.3 ( 5.2 ) = 1.56

(4)

Relative velocities

( vB vC ) e = vC

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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## Solving (3) and (4) simultaneously

vC = 2.70 ft/s

vB = 1.144 ft/s
(b) Packages A and B (second time)

## mAvA + mBvB = mAvA + mBvB

16
8
16
8
( 3.4 ) + (1.144 ) = vA + vB ; 2vA + vB = 7.944
g
g
g
g

(5)

( vA vB ) e = vB vA
( 3.4 1.144 )( 0.3) = 0.6768 = vB vA;

v A + vB = 0.6768

(6)

## Solving Equations (5) and (6) simultaneously

vA = 2.42 ft/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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Impact

## v An = 2.5 cos 40 = 1.915 m/s

v At = 2.5 sin 40 = 1.607 m/s

vBn = 2 m/s
vBt = 0
Impulse-momentum

## Unknowns vAn , vBn , vAt , vBt

System

A+B

n-dir
mA v An + mBvBn = mAvAn + mBvBn

(1)

## vBn vAn = e ( v An vBn )

(2)

Coefficient of restitution

## Solve (1) and (2) for vAn + vBn

vAn = 0.7493 m/s;

## vBn = 2.1870 m/s

System A t-dir
mA v At = m A vAt vAt = 1.607 m/s
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

System B t-dir
mB vBt = mB vBt vBt = 0 m/s

## Resolve into components

Ball A
vA = (0.7493) 2 + (1.607) 2 = 1.773 m/s

0.7493
= 25.0
1.607

= tan 1

= 40 25 = 15.0
vA = 1.773 m/s

So

Ball B

vB = 2.19 m/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Ball A t-dir

## mv0 sin = mvAt vAt = v0 sin

Ball B t-dir
0 = mB vBt vBt = 0
Ball A + B n-dir
mv0 cos + 0 = m vAn + m vBn

(1)

Coefficient of restitution
vBn
vAn = e (v An vBn )
vBn vAn = e (v0 cos 0)

(2)

## Solve (1) and (2)

1 e

1 + e
vAn = v0
cos ; vBn = v0
cos
2

2
With numbers
e = 0.8; = 45
vAt = v0 sin 45 = 0.707 v0
1 0.8

vAn = v0
cos 45 = 0.0707 v0
2

vBt = 0

1 + 0.8
vBn = v0
cos 45 = 0.6364 v0
2
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

(A)
1

## v" A = (0.707 v0 )2 + (0.0707v0 ) 2 2

= 0.711v0
0.0707
= 5.7106
0.707

= tan 1
So

= 45 5.7106 = 39.3

(B)

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

vA = 0.711v0

"

vB = 0.636 v0

"

= cos 1

6
= 22.62
6.5

Ball A:

## : mAv A F t ( cos ) + 0 = mAvA

(1)

Ball B:

F t = mBvB

Restitution ( v A = v0 )

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Approach

Separation

vB vA cos = e ( v0 cos ) ;

## Using equations (1) and (2) x

vB = ( vA + ev0 ) cos

## (17.5 /g )( 6 ft/s ) = (1.6 /g ) vB

6
+ (17.5 /g ) vA
6.5

gs cancel

6 6
6
Substituting for vB ; 105 = 1.6
4.8
+ vA
+ 17.5 vA
6.5 6.5
6.5

vA = 5.22 ft/s
vB = 9.25 ft/s

22.6!

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

= cos 1

6
= 22.62
6.5

Ball A:

## : mAv A F t ( cos ) + 0 = mAvA

(1)

: F t cos = mBvB

(2)

Ball B:

Restitution

( vA v0 )

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Approach

Separation

## vB cos vA cos = e ( v A cos ) ;

Using Equations (1) and (2)

vB vA = 4.8

(3)

## (17.5 /g )( 6 ) = (1.6 /g ) vB + (17.5 /g ) vA

Substituting for vB from (3)

gs cancel

## 105 = 1.6 ( 4.8 + vA ) + 17.5 vA

vA = 5.10 ft/s
vB = 9.90 ft/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Angle of impulse force from geometry of A and B

6
= 22.62
6.5

= cos 1
Total momentum conserved
Ball A:

Ball B:

Restitution

Separation

Approach
e=

A:

vBn vAn
v An vBn

6
vA cos ( + 22.6 ) + vB

6.5
e =1=
6
6

6.5

(1)

## mAv A sin = m AvA sin ( + 22.6 )

2.5
6
= vA sin ( + 22.6 )
6.5

(2)
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

A + B:

m Av A = mAvA cos + mB vB

## ( 58 /g )( 6 ) = ( 58 /g ) vA cos + ( 5.3 /g ) vB gs cancel

Equations (1), (2), and (3) in vA , vB and
vA = 5.027 ft/s; vB = 10.838 ft/s; = 0.08218 rad = 4.71
vA = 5.03 ft/s

4.71 !

vB = 10.84 ft/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 169.

(a)

m A = mB = m
Before

After

t-Direction
Momentum of A is conserved.

mv A sin = m ( vA )t

( vA )t

= v A sin

Momentum of B is conserved.
mvB cos = m ( vB )t

( vB )t

= vB cos

n-Direction
Total momentum is conserved.
mv A cos mvB sin = m ( vA )n + m ( vB )n

( vA )n + ( vB )n

= v A cos vB sin

(1)

e =1

( vB )n ( vA )n

(2)

## Adding Equation (1) and (2)

(1) (2)

( vB )n

= v A cos

( vA )n

= vB sin
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## Thus, after impact

tan =

vA
vB

tan

vA
vB

Thus = and vA vB !

## (b) Using the results from (a)

vA =

( vA )t2 + ( vA )2n

## v A2 sin 2 + vB2 sin 2

vA = sin 30
vB =

( vB )t2 + ( vB )2n

= 25 ft/s !

## vB2 cos 2 + v A2 cos 2

vB = cos 30

= = tan 1

( 30 )2 + ( 40 )2

( 40 )2 + ( 30 )2

= 43.3 ft/s !

vA
30
= tan 1
= 36.9
vB
40

= 180 ( + 90 ) = 90 !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 170.

(a) Since vB is in the x-direction and (assuming no friction), the
common tangent between A and B at impact must be parallel to the
y-axis

tan =

Thus

250
150 D

= tan 1

250
= 70.20
150 60

= 70.2 !
(b) Conservation of momentum in x(n) direction
mv A cos + m ( vB )n = m ( vA )n + mvB

## (1) cos ( 70.20 ) + 0 = ( vA )n + vB

0.3387 = ( vA )n + ( vB )

(1)

## Relative velocities in the n direction

e = 0.9

( vA cos ( vB )n ) e = vB ( vA )n
( 0.3387 0 )( 0.9 ) = vB ( vA )n

(2)

(1) + (2)
2vB = 0.3387 (1.9 )

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

vB = 0.322 m/s !

## Chapter 13, Solution 171.

Momentum: v A cos + 0 = v Ax + vB
Restitution:

( v A cos

## vAx ) vAx = 0.9 v A cos

vAx =

1
0.1(1) cos 70.2 = 0.016936 m/s
2

vA = 0.941 m/s

(a)

## (b) Fraction of Initial Energy loss = F. L.

1
1
1
2
2
2
m (1) m ( vB ) m ( vA )
2
2
2
F. L. =
1
2
m (1)
2
F. L. = 1 0.1035 0.8856 = 0.01090 !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Rebound at A

## Conservation of momentum t-direction

mv0 sin 30 = m ( vA )t ( vA )t = 5sin 30

( vA )t

= 2.5 m/s

## Relative velocities in the n-direction

( v0 cos 30 0 ) e = 0 ( vA )n
( vA )n
Projectile motion between A and B

( v x )0

After rebound

( vA )n = ( 5cos 30 )( 0.8)

= 3.464 m/s

= ( vA )t cos 30 + ( vA )n sin 30
= 2.5cos 30 + 3.464sin 30

( v x )0

= 3.897 m/s

( v y )0 = ( vA )t sin 30 + ( vA )n cos 30
= 2.5sin 30 + 3.464 cos 30

( v y )0 = 1.75 m/s
x-direction:

## x = ( vx )0 t = 3.897t , vx = ( vx )0 = 3.897 m/s

y-direction:

y = vy

( )0 t 12 gt 2 = 1.75t 4.905t 2
( )0 gt = 1.75 9.81t

vy = vy

At B:

## ( )0 t A B 4.905t A2 B = 1.75 ( 0.17839) 4.905 ( 0.17839)2

y = h = vy

h = 0.15609 m
h = 156.1 mm !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 173.

x A = v0t A = 7.5 m,

gt A2
9.81
= 0.6 m,
m/s 2 t A2 = 0.6 m t A = 0.34975 s
2
2
v0 = 21.444 m/s

## (a) First bounce:

v0t B = 1.5 m,

tB = 0.06995 s

0.12 m = eA ( 3.431 m ) t B

9.81 m/s 2 2
tB
2

## 0.12 = eA ( 3.431)( 0.06995 ) ( 4.905 )( 0.06995 )

= 0.24 eA 0.024
eA = 0.600 !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## (b) Second bounce:

Before

After
vBy = 0.6 ( 3.431) 9.81t B
= 1.3724 m/s
eBv0 = eB ( 21.444 m/s )

## yC = 0.12 + vBytC 4.905 tC2 = 0 = 0.12 + 1.3724 tC 4.905 tC2

tC = 0.3497 s
xC = 6.75 = eB v0 tC = eB ( 21.444 )( 0.3497 )
eB = 0.900 !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

mv sin 30 = mvt

## ( 25)( sin 30) = vt

vt = 12.5 ft/s
Coefficient of restitution in n-direction

( v cos30) e = vn
( 25)( cos30)( 0.9 ) = vn

vn = 19.49 ft/s

( vx )0

= 10.63 ft/s

## ( vy )0 = vn ( sin 30) + vt ( cos30) = 19.49 ( sin 30) + 12.5 ( cos 30)

= 20.57 ft/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Projectile motion
2

y = y0 + vy
At B,

## y = 0 = 3 + 20.57t B 16.1t B2 ; t B = 1.4098 s

xB = x0 + ( vx )0 t B = 0 + 10.63 (1.4098 ) ; xB = 14.986 ft
d = xB 3cos 60 = (14.986 ft ) ( 3 ft ) cot 60 = 13.254 ft

d = 13.25 ft !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Find x and y components of v

v = vx i v y j
After the first impact x component is multiplied by e and the y component is unchanged
v = evxi v y j
After rebound at C the y component is multiplied by e and the x component is unchanged

v = e vxi + e v y j = e vxi v y j
so

## v = ev And the final velocity is parallel to the original velocity !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Total momentum in the horizontal direction is conserved

1.5
2.5
1.5
2.5
mAv A + mBvB = mAvA + mBvB ;
( 0 ) + ( 6 ) = vA + vB
g
g
g
g

15 = 1.5vA + 2.5vB

(1)

Relative velocities

( vA vB ) e = vB vA : ( 0 6 )( 0.8) = vB vA

vB vA = 4.8

(2)

## Solving (1) and (2) simultaneously

vA = 6.75 ft/s

vB = 1.95 ft/s

(a)

Conservation of energy
1
T1 = mAv A2
V1 = 0
2
2

## 1 (1.5 lb )( 6.75 ft/s )

T1 =
= 1.06124
2
32.2 ft/s 2
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

T2 = 0
V2 = mA gh = 1.5h
T1 + V1 = T2 + V2 : 1.06124 = 1.5h

h = 8.49 in. !
(b)

## Work and energy

T2 = 0
T =

1
1 2.5
2
mBvB 2 =
(1.95 ) = 0.14761
2
2 g

## U1 2 = F f x = kWB x = 0.6 ( 2.5 ) x = 1.5x

T1 + U1 2 = T2 : 0.14761 1.5x = 0
x = 0.0984 ft = 1.1808 in.

x = 1.181 in. !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## (a) Impact between A and B

Total momentum conserved

m A = mB =
mC =

80
g

30
g

m Av A + mB vB = m AvA + mB vB vA + vB = 15

(1)

Relative velocities

( v A vB ) eAB

= vB vA (15 0 )( 0.8 ) = vB vA : vB vA = 12

(2)

vB = 13.5 ft/s

## Solving (1) & (2)

Impact between B and C (after A hits B)
Total momentum conserved

mB vB + mC vC = mB vB + mC vC :

80
30
80
30
(13.5) + ( 0 ) = vB + vC
g
g
g
g

## 1080 = 80vB + 30vC

(3)
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Relative velocities

( vB vC ) eBC

= vC vB :

(13.5 0 )( 0.3) = vC

vB

4.05 = vC vB
vB = 8.7136 ft/s

## Solving (3) and (4)

(4)
vC = 12.7636 ft/s
vB = 8.71 ft/s !

## TL = (TB + TC ) (TB + TC)

(b)
TB =

1
1 80 lb
2
2
mB ( vB ) =
(13.5 ft/s ) = 226.39 lb ft
2
2 32.2 ft/s 2
TC = 0

TB =

1
1 80 lb
2
2
mB ( vB ) =
(8.7136 ft/s ) = 94.319 lb ft
2
2 32.2 ft/s 2

TC =

1
1 30 lb
2
2
mC ( vC ) =
(12.764 ft/s ) = 75.894 lb ft
2
2 32.2 ft/s 2
TL = ( 226.39 + 0 ) ( 94.319 + 75.894 ) = 56.177
TL = 56.2 lb ft !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

(a)

Before

After

mA = mB = m

## 5 km/h = 1.3889 m/s

Conservation of total momentum

## mAv A + mBvB = mAvA + mBvB

1.3889 vB = vA vB

vA + vB = vB 1.3889

(1)

## Work and energy car A (after impact)

1
mAvA2
2
T2 = 0
T1 =

U1 2 = F f ( 4 )
= k mA g ( 4 )

T1 + U1 2 = T2 ;

1
mAvA2 4k mA g = 0
2
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## vA2 = 2 ( 4 m )( 0.3) 9.81 m/s 2 = 23.544 m 2 /s 2

vA = 4.852 m/s
Car B (after impact)

T1 =

1
mBvB2 , T2 = 0
2

U1 2 = k mB g (1)
T1 + U1 2 = T2 :

1
mBvB2 k mB g (1) = 0
2

## vB2 = 2 ( 0.3)(1 m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 5.886 m 2 /s 2 ; vB = 2.426 m/s

From (1) vB = vA + vB + 1.3889 = 4.852 + 2.426 + 1.38
vB = 31.2 km/h !
(b)

Relative velocities

( v A vB ) e = vB vA
( 1.3889 8.667 ) e = 2.426 4.852
( 10.0559 ) e = 2.426
e = 0.241 !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

(a)

## Work and energy

Velocity of A just before impact with B

T1 =

1
m Av02
2

T2 =

( )

1
m A v A2
2

U1 2 = k m A g ( 0.3 m )
F f = k N = k mA g
T1 + U1 2 = T2 :

( )

1
1
( 0.4 kg )( 3 m/s )2 0.3 ( 0.4 kg ) 9.81 m/s2 ( 0.3 m ) = ( 0.4 kg ) vA2
2
2

(v )
2
A

( v A )2

= 7.2342

= 2.6896 m/s

## Velocity of A after impact with B ( vA )2

T2 =

( )

1
m A vA2
2

T3 = 0

U 2 3 = k mA g ( 0.075 m )
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

T2 + U 2 3 = T3

( )

1
( 0.4 kg ) vA2
2

( vA )2

= 0.6644 m/s

## Conservation of momentum as A hits B

( v A )2

= 2.6896 m/s

( vA )2

= 0.6644 m/s

m A ( v A )2 + mB ( vB ) = mA ( vA )2 + mB ( vB )
2.6896 + 0 = 0.6644 + vB

m A = mB

vB = 2.0252 m/s

## Relative velocities (A and B)

( v A ) vB eAB = vB ( vA )
2
2

( 2.6896 0 ) eAB

= 2.0252 0.6644

eAB = 0.506 !

## Work and energy

Velocity of B just before impact with C

T2 =

1
0.4
2
mB ( vB )2 =
( 2.0252 )2 = 0.8203
2
2
T4 =

1
0.4
2
mB ( vB )4 =
( vB )24
2
2

U 2 4 = k mB g ( 0.30 ) = 0.35316
T1 + U 2 4 = T4 : 0.8203 0.35316 = 0.2 ( vB )4
2

( vB )4

= 1.5283 m/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## mC = 1.2 kg, mB = 0.4 kg

mB ( vB )4 + mC vC = mB ( vB )4 + mC vC
0.4 (1.5283) + 0 = 0.4 ( vB )4 + 1.2vC

## Velocity of B after B hits C, ( vB )4 = 0

With ( vB )4 = 0; 0.61132 = 1.2vC vC = 0.5094 m/s
Relative velocities (B and C)
( vB ) vC eBC = vC ( vB ) ;
4
4

(1.5283 0 ) eBC

= 0.5094 0
eBC = 0.333 !

(b)

## Work and energy Block C

T5 = 0
T4 =

1
(1.2 )( 0.5094 )2 = 0.15569
2

## U 4 5 = k mgx = 0.3 (1.2 )( 9.81) x = 3.5316 x

T4 + U 4 5 = T5 : 0.15569 3.5361x = 0 x = 0.044 m
x = 44.0 mm !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## T + V = 0 + 8 kg 9.81 m/s 2 ( 0.15 m ) =

1
(8 kg ) v02
2

v0 = 1.7155 m/s

Cylinder C:
Platform A:
Counterweight B:
Restitution:

8v0 F1 dt = vC

0 + F1 dt F2 dt = 5 vA
4 unknowns
0 + F2 dt = 5 vA

vA vC = 0.8 v0

## Simultaneous solution 4 Equations and 4 unknowns

( a ) v0

= 0, vA = 1.372 m/s !

( b ) F2 dt = 6.86 N s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 181.

1
1

2
2
T1 = 2 (5 kg)(1.372 m/s) + 2 (5 kg)(1.372 m/s)

1
1
(a) A and B after the first impact T2 = (5)v22 + (5)v22
2
2

U1 2 = + Td Td = 0

v2 = v A
v A = 1.372 m/s !
d = v1 t = 1.372 t

## C after the first impact

t2
d = 0 + 9.81 , t = 0.2798 s
2

vC = 2.74 m/s !

## (b) Second impact: (As before)

C:

8(2.7448) F1 dt = 8vC

A:

5(1.3724) + F1 dt F2 dt = 5v A

B:

5(1.3724) + F2 dt = 5vA

Restitution:

v A vC = 0.8[2.7448 1.3724]

## With 4 unknowns and four equations, solve for

v A = 2.47 m/s !
vC = 1.372 m/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

v0 = 2 gh =

After impact

## 2 ( 32.2)( 3.6)( 0.5) = 10.7666 ft/s

Conservation of momentum

## mAvB = mBvB mAv A

0.6
0.6
(1)

v0 = (1.8 g )vB
vA
g
g
gs cancel
Restitution

( vA + vB ) = e ( v0 + 0) = 0.9 v0

(2)

## 0.6 v0 = 1.8(0.9 v0 v A ) 0.6 v A; 2.4 v A = 1.02 vB

(a) A moves up the distance d where,
1
1
mAv A2 = mA gd sin 30; (4.5758 ft/s)2 = (32.2 ft/s 2 ) d (0.5)
2
2
d A = 0.65025 ft = 7.80 m !

## (b) Static deflection = x0 , B moves down

Conservation of energy (1) to (2)
Position (1) spring deflected, x0
kx0 = mB g sin 30

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2 ;
V1 = Ve + Vg =
x + dB

V2 = Ve + Vg = 0 0

T1 =

1
mBvB2 ,
2

T2 = 0

1 2
kx0 + mB gd B sin 30
2

kxdx =

1
k d B2 + 2d B x0 + x02
2

1 2
1
1
kx0 + mgd B sin 30 + mBvB2 = k d B2 + 2d B x0 + x02 + 0 + 0
2
2
2
kd B2 = mBvB2 ;

1.8
34 d B2 =
(5.1141)2
32.2
d B = 0.20737 ft
d B = 2.49 in. !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

After impact

v0 =

2 gh =

v0 =

## 2(32.2)(3.6)(0.5) = 10.7666 ft/s

Conservation of momentum
0.6
1.8
mAv0 = mBvB mAv A ;
v0 =
vB
g
g
gs cancel
Restitution

( vA + vB ) = e ( v0 + 0 ) ;
From (1)

vB = ev0

(1)

(2)

0.6
0.6
vB =
v0 =
(10.7666 ft/s ) = 3.5889 ft/s
1.8

1.8

From (2)

e = ( vB /v0 ) ,

e=

1
3

e = 0.333 !

(a)
(b) Energy loss

## Energy = mA g ( 3.6 ) sin 30

= ( 0.6 lb )( 3.6 ft )( 0.5 )

1
mBvB 2
2
1 1.8
2

( 3.5889 ft/s )
2 32.2

## = 1.08 0.36 = 0.72 ft lb

Loss = 0.720 ft lb !
(c) Static deflection = x0 , B moves down
Conservation of energy 1 to 2
Position 1-spring deflected, x0

kx0 = mB g sin 30

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2 ;
V1 = Ve + Vg =
x + dB

V2 = Ve + Vg = 0 0

T1 =

1
mBvB2 ,
2

T2 = 0

1 2
kx0 + mB gd B sin 30
2
kxdx =

1
k d B2 + 2d B x0 + x02
2

1 2
1
1
kx0 + mgd B sin 30 + mBvB2 = k d B2 + 2d B x0 + x02 + 0 + 0
2
2
2
kd B2 = mBvB2 ;

1.8
34 d B2 =
(3.5889)2
32.2

d B = 0.1455 ft
d B = 1.746 in. !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 184.

Ball A falls

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2
mgh =

(Put datum at 2)

1 2
mv A v A = 2 gh
2

Impact

= sin 1

r
= 30
2r

ImpulseMomentum

x-dir

## 0 + 0 = mBvB + m AvAn sin 30 + mAvAt cos30

We need more equations

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

(1)

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Coefficient of restitution
vBn vAn = e(v An vBn )

## For our problem

vB sin 30 vAn = e(v A cos30 0)

(2)

System = A
t-dir

(3)

vB = 1.3724 m/s
vAn = 1.029 m/s
vAt = 0.9905 m/s

## Now lets look at B after impact.

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2

1
m(vB )2 = mghB
2
So

hB =

(vB )2 (1.3724)2
=
2g
(2)(9.81)

= 0.0960 m

hB = 96.0 mm !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Momentum:

## mv1n + 0 = mv1n + Mv2 (0.7071)

(2 kg)(5 m/s)(0.7071) = 2 kg v1n + 9 kg v2 (0.7071)

Restitution:

Solve for

16
v2 = m/s,
11

17
v1n = (0.7071)
11

"

(b)

## Conservation of energy cylinder + spring:

1 2 1
1
kx0 + M (v2 ) 2 = kx22
2
2
2
2

20, 000
1 16
20, 000 2
(0.05) 2 + (9) =
x2 = 34.52
2
2 11
2
x2 = 0.05875 m,

F = kx2 = 20,000

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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N
(0.0587 m) = 1175 N "
m

## Angle of impulse force from geometry of A and B

= cos 1
= 22.62
6.5
Total momentum conserved
Ball A:

Ball B:
(1)

Restitution

e=
e=

## vB cos ( vA ) x cos + ( vA ) y sin

v A cos
vB ( vA ) x + ( vA ) y tan
vA

v A = v0 = 6 ft/s

vB ( vA ) x + ( vA ) y

( 256 )

2
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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A:

## mAv A sin = mA ( vA ) x ( sin ) + mA ( vA ) y ( cos )

2.5
2.5
v A tan = (vA ) x tan + (vA ) y ; 6
= (vA ) x
+ (vA ) y
6
6
15 = 2.5 ( vA ) x + 6 ( vA ) y

(2)

50
50
4.6
A + B : m Av A = mA ( vA ) x + mBvB ; (6 ft/s) = (vA ) x +
vB
g
g

g

(3)

gs cancel
From equation (1)
From equation (3)

## vB = 2(32.2 ft/s 2 )(0.75 ft) = 6.9498 ft/s

(50)(6) = 50(vA ) x + 4.6(6.9498)

## (vA ) x = 5.3606 ft/s

From equation (2)

15 = 2.5(5.3606) + 6(vA ) y
(vA ) y = 0.2664 ft/s
2.5
6.9498 5.3606 + 0.2664

6 = 0.2834
e=
6

e = 0.283 !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Angle of impulse force from geometry of A and B

6
= 22.62
6.5

= cos 1
Momentum consideration
Ball A:

Ball B:

mBvB = mB 2 gh
Restitution

Approach

e=
e=

Separation

## vB cos ( vA ) x cos + ( vA ) y sin

v A = v0 = 6 ft/s

v A cos
vB ( vA ) x + ( vA ) y tan
vA

vB ( vA ) x + ( vA ) y

( 2.56 )

6
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

(1)

## A: mAv A sin = m A ( vA ) x ( sin ) + mA ( vA ) y ( cos )

2
2
v A tan = (vA ) x tan + (vA ) y ; 6 = (vA ) x + (vA ) y
6
6
12 = 2.5 ( vA ) x + 6 ( vA ) y

A + B : mAv A = mA ( vA ) x + mBvB ;
6 = (vA ) x +

vB
10

(2)

20
20
2
(6) =
(vA ) x + vB
g
g
g

(3)

## From the equation for e

e = 0;

2.5
vB (vA ) x + (vA ) y
=0
6

(4)

e = 1;

2.5
vB (vA ) x + (vA ) y
=6
6

(5)

Simultaneous solution of equations (2), (3) and (4) for e = 0 and equations (2), (3) and (5) for e = 1 yields
e = 0 : (vA ) x = 5.463 ft/s, (vA ) y = 0.224 ft/s, vB = 5.370 ft/s
e =1:
h=

## (vA ) x = 4.926 ft/s, (vA ) y = 0.4475 ft/s, vB = 10.740 ft/s

(vB )2
= 0.4478 ft, 1.791 ft
2(32.2)

## 5.37 in. h 21.5 in. !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 188.

Ball A alone
Momentum in t-direction conserved

mA ( v A )t = mA ( vA )t

( vA )t

= 0 = ( vA )t

( vA )n

Thus

= vA

60

## mAv A sin 60 + mB ( vB ) x = mA ( vA ) sin 60 + mBvB

v A = v0 = 1.5 m/s

( vB ) x

=0

(1)

## Relative velocity in the n-direction

v A ( vB ) e = vB cos30 vA;
n

(2)

## Solving Equations (1) and (2) simultaneously

vB = 0.9446 m/s, vA = 0.6820 m/s
Conservation of energy ball B
1
2
mB ( vB )
2
1 WB
T1 =
( 3.0232 )2
2 g
T1 =

T2 = 0
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

V1 = 0

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2 ;

h=

V2 = WB h

1 WB
( 0.9446 )2 = 0 + WBh;
2 g

( 0.9446 )2
( 2 )( 9.81)

= 0.0455 m
h = 45.5 mm !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## (a) Momentum of the sphere A alone is conserved in the t-direction.

mA ( v A )t = mA ( vA )t

( vA )t

=0

( vA )n

( vA )t
= vA

=0

50

## Total momentum is conserved in the x-direction.

mAv A cos 50 + mBvB = mA ( vA ) cos 50 + mBvB
vB = 0

v A = 4 m/s

## 2 ( 4 ) cos 50 + 0 = 2 ( vA ) cos 50 + 6vB

5.1423 = 1.2855vA + 6vB

(1)

## Relative velocities in the n-direction

( vA vB ) e = ( vB cos 50 + vA ) ;

vB = 0, v A = 4 m/s

(2)

## Solving Equation (1) and Equation (2) simultaneously

vA = 1.2736 m/s; vB = 1.1299 m/s
vA = 1.274 m/s
vB = 1.130 m/s
(b)

T lost =
=

50 !
!

1
1
2
2
mAv A2 mA ( vA ) + mB ( vB )

2
2
1
2
2
2 kg )( 4 m/s ) ( 2 kg )(1.274 m/s )
(

2
2
( 6 kg )(1.130 m/s ) = 10.546 J

Tlost = 10.55 J !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 190.

First 18 m: Since all the cars weight is on the rear wheels which skid, the
force on the car is
F = k N = ( k )W

1 hr
v18 = ( 58 km/h )(1000 m/km )

3600 s
= 16.1 m/s

T1 = 0

T2 =

1
1 W
W
2
2
= (16.1 m/s ) = (129.6 )
mv18
g
2
2 g

U1 2 = ( F )(18 m ) = k (W )(18 m )

T1 + U1 2 = T2
W
0 + 18kW = (129.6 )
g
129.6
k =
= 0.73395
(18)( 9.81)

## For 400 m: Force moving the car is for the first 18 m,

F1 = ( k ) (W ) = ( 0.73395 )W
For the remaining 382 m, with 75% of weight on rear drive wheels and
impending sliding,

F2 = ( s ) ( 0.75 )W

## F2 = ( 0.91744 )( 0.75 )(W ) = 0.68808

T1 = 0

T2 =

1 W
2
( v400 )
2 g

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

U1 2 = F1 (18 m ) + F2 ( 382 m )
= ( 0.73395 )(W )(18 m ) + ( 0.68808 )(W )( 328 m )
= 13.21W + 262.8W = 276.01W
T1 + U1 2 = T2

0 + 276.01W =

1 W
2
( v400 )
2 g

2
v 400
= ( 2 g ) 276.01 = ( 2 ) 9.81 m/s 2 ( 276.01)
2
v400
= 5415.3

## v400 = 73.6 m/s

v400 = 265 km/h !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## 2 N/mm = 2000 N/m

Max deflection at 2 when velocity of C = 0

v1 = 0, T1 = 0, v2 = 0, T2 = 0
U1 2 = U e + U g
0.05

U1 2 = 0

U1 2 =

( Fe )1 dx 0ym ( Fe )2 dx + WC ( 0.15 + ym )

( 3000 N/m )
2

( 0.05 m )2

( 2000 N/m )
2

( ym ) 2

## + ( 3 kg ) 9.81 m/s 2 ( 0.15 + ym )

= 3.750 1000 ( ym ) + 4.4145 + 29.43 ( ym )
2

2

ym = 0.10626 m

ym = 106.3 mm !

## (b) Maximum velocity occurs as the lower spring is compressed a

distance y
T1 = 0;
T1 + U1 2 = T2 ;

Substitute
dv 2
=0
dy

T2 =

1
1
mC v 2 = ( 3 kg ) v 2 = (1.5 ) v 2
2
2

## 0 (1000)( y ) + 29.43 ( y ) + 8.1645 = (1.5) v 2

2

y = 0.014715 m
2000 ( y ) + 29.43 = 0;

y = 0.014715 m

## 0.21653 + 0.43306 + 8.1645 = 1.5v 2

v 2 = 5.5873 m/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

v = 2.36 m/s !

(a)

## Block leaves surface at C when the normal force N = 0

mg cos = man
g cos =

vC2
h

(1)

vC2 = gh cos = gy
Work-energy principle
TB =

1 2
mvC
2

U B C = W ( h y ) = mg ( h yC )
TB + U B C = TC

## Use Equation (1)

4.5m + mg ( h y ) =
4.5 + g ( h y ) =

1
gyC
2

4.5 + gh =

3
gyC
2

yC =

1 2
mvC
2
(2)

( 4.5 + gh )
3
g
2

( 4.5 + (9.81)(1) )
y =
2

3
( 9.81)
2

y = 0.97248 m

(3)
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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yC = h cos

cos =

yC
0.97248
=
= 0.97248
h
1m

= 13.47 !

(b)

vC =
At C;

gy =

( vC ) x

= 3.0037 m/s

( vC ) y

## = vC sin = 3.0887 sin13.47

= 0.71947 m/s

y = yC + ( vC ) y t
At E:

1 2
1
gt = 0.97248 0.71947t ( 9.81) t 2
2
2

t = 0.37793 s

At E:

## x = h cos + ( vC ) x t = 1( sin13.47 ) + 3.0037 ( 0.37793)

= 0.23294 + 1.3519 = 1.3681 m
x = 1.368 m !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Find unstretched length of the spring

0.3

= tan 1

0.1
LBD =

= 71.565

( 0.3)2 + ( 0.1)2

= 0.3162 m

= length at equilibrium
M A = 0.1Fs sin 0.6 (10 g ) = 0

Equilibrium:

Fs = 63.25 g
Fs = k LBD : 63.25 g = ( 8000 N/m )( LBD ) LBD = 0.07756 m
L0 = LBD LBD = 0.3162 0.07756

Unstretched length

= 0.23864 m
when = 90
Spring elongation, LBD
= ( 0.3 m + 0.1 m ) L0 = 0.4 0.23864
LBD
= 0.16136 m

= 90

At 1

V1 = 0,

T1 = 0

V1 = (V1 )e + (V1 ) g

(V1 )e

1
8000
2
) =
k ( LBD
( 0.16136 )2
2
2

= 104.15 N m

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

(V1 ) g

## V1 = 104.15 58.86 = 45.29 N m

At 2

=0

(V2 )e

1
2
2
8000

N/m ( 0.07756 m )
k ( LBD ) =
2
2

= 24.06 N m

T2 =

1 2 10 kg 2
2
mv2 =
v2 = 5v2
2
2

## T1 + V1 = T2 + V2 : 0 + 45.29 = 5v22 + 24.06

v22 = 4.246

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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## rA = 3960 + 1500 = 5460 mi = 28.829 106 ft

rB = 3960 + 6000 = 9960 mi = 52.589 106 ft
rAmv A = rB mvB

Conservation of momentum

r
28.829
vB = A v A =
v A = 0.54819v A
52.589
rB

(1)

Conservation of energy
TA =

1 2
mv A ,
2

VA =

GMm
,
rA

TB =

1 2
mvB ,
2

VB =

GMm
rB

## = 140.77 1014 ft 3/s 2

VA =
VB =

140.77 1014 m
= 488.29 106 m
28.829 106

140.77 1014 m
= 267.68 106 m
52.589 106

TA + TB = TB + VB :

1 2
mv A 488.29 106 m
2
=

1 2
mvB 267.68 106 m
2

1 2
1
v A 220.61 106 = vB2
2
2
Using (1)

1 2
1
2
v A 220.61 106 = ( 0.54819v A )
2
2
0.34974v A2 = 220.61 106
v A = 25115.39
v A = 25.1 103 ft/s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 195.

Ft = s Nt = s mgt
v1 = 60 mi/h = 88 ft/s

s = 0.65

## 88 0.65 ( 32.2 ) t = 29.333 t = 2.803

t = 2.80 s !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 196.

t = 0.22
mv1 + ( P W ) t = mv2
Horizontal components
84 ( 9.14cos 35 ) PH ( 0.22 ) = 0
PH = 2858.69 kg m/s 2
PH = 2.86 kN !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

(1)

(2)

## Dividing (1) into (2)

sin 30
mBvB
sin10

=
cos 30 m Av A cos 30 cos10

## ( tan 30 tan10)( mA cos 30 )

vB
=
vA
mB
vB
m
= 0.3473 A
vA
mB

mA =

3600
g

mB =

2800
g

mA
3600
=
= 1.2857
mB
2800
vB = ( 0.3473)(1.2857 ) = 0.4465v A

## Car A was going faster !

(b) Since B was the slower car,

vB = 30 mi/h
v A = 2.2396vB
v A = 67.2 mi/h !

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## Chapter 13, Solution 198.

mA = mB = mC = m
Collision between B and C
The total momentum is conserved.

## mvB + mvC = mvB + mvC vB + vC = 4.5

(1)

Relative velocities
vC vB = e ( vB vC ) = 0.8 ( 4.5 ) vB vC = 3.6 (2)
Solving (1) and (2) simultaneously
vB = 4.05 ft/s

vC = 0.450 ft/s

## Since vB > vC , Car B collides with Car A

Collision between A and B

v A + vB = 4.05

(3)

## vB vA = 0.5 ( 4.05) ; vA vB = 2.025

(4)

Relative velocities

( vA vB ) e = vB vA
Solving (3) and (4) simultaneously

## vC < vB < vA No more collisions

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

vB = 1.013 ft/s

vA = 3.04 ft/s

After

Before

## v A = 18 ft/s; ( v A )n = 18cos 40 = 13.79 ft/s; ( v A )t = 18sin 40 = 11.57 ft/s

vB = ( vB )n = 12 ft/s; ( vB )t = 0
t-direction
Total momentum conserved

mA ( v A )t + mB ( vB )t = mA ( vA )t + mB ( vB )t

(1.5 lb )
g

( 11.57 ft/s ) + 0 =

(1.5 lb )
g

( vA )t

( 2.5 lb )
g

( vA )t

(1)

## Ball A alone momentum conserved

mA ( v A )t = mA ( vA )t ( vA )t = 11.57 ft/s
Replace ( vA )t in (2) in equation (1)
17.36 = 1.5 ( 11.57 ) + 2.5 ( vB )t ; ( vB )t = 0

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

(2)

## n-Direction Relative velocities

( v A ) ( vB ) e = ( vB ) ( vA )
n
n
n

13.79 ( 12 ) 0.8 = ( vB )n ( vA )n

( vB )n ( vA )n

= 20.632

(3)

## Total momentum conserved

mA ( v A )n + mB ( vB )n = mA ( vA )n + mB ( vB )n

(1.5 lb )
g

(13.79 ft/s ) +

( 2.5 lb )
g

( 12 ft/s ) =

(1.5 lb )
g

( vA )n +

( 2.5 lb )
g

( vB )n

## 1.5 ( vA )n + 2.5 ( vB )n = 9.315

(4)

4 ( vB )n = 21.633

## Solve (3) and (4):

( vB )n

= 5.408 ft/s

( vA )n

= 15.224 ft/s

vA =

(15.224 )2 + (11.57 )2

## = 19.12 ft/s, = 37.23

v A = 19.12 ft/s

72.2 !

vB = 5.41 ft/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

40 !

(a) Rebound at A

## Conservation of momentum t direction

mv0 cos 60 = m ( vA )t ( vA )t = 6 cos

( vA )t

= 3 m/s

## Coefficient of restitution in the n direction

( ( vA )n 0 ) e = 0 ( vA )n :
After rebound

## ( 6sin 60)( 0.6 ) = ( vA )n

( vA )n

= 3.12 m/s

( v x )0

= ( vA )t = 3 m/s

( v y )0 = ( vA )n = 3.12 m/s
x = ( vx )0 t = 3t , vx = 3 m/s

( )0 t 12 gt 2 = 3.12t 4.905t 2;

y = vy

( )0 gt = 3.12 9.81t

vy = vy

At B,

## v y = 0: 3.12 9.81t A B = 0 t A B = 0.318 s

yB = h : h = 3.12t A B 4.905t A2 B = 0.496 m
xB = d = 3t A B
h = 0.496 m !
d = 0.953 m !

(b)

vB = ( vx )0 = 3 m/s
vB = 3.00 m/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

v0 = vA tan

(1)

## mBvB + mAv0 = mBvB + mA ( vA ) x

0+

vB = 0, ( vA ) x = 0

1.5
4.5
v0 =
vB + 0
g
g
vB =

v0
3

(2)

## Relative velocities in the n-direction

( v0 sin

0 ) e = vB sin vA cos

( v0 ) ( 0.6 ) = vB + vA cot

(3)

## Substituting vB from (2) into (3)

0.6v0 = 0.333v0 + vA cot
0.267v0 = vA cot

(4)

## Divide (4) into (1)

1
tan
=
= tan 2
0.267 cot

tan = 1.935
(b) From (1)

= 62.7 !

v0 = vA tan = vA (1.935 )
vA = 0.5168v0 , vB =

v0
3

(2)
continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

## COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Tlost =

1
1
2
mAv A2 mA ( vA ) + mBvB2
2
2

T lost =

2
1 1.5
1 1.5
4.5 v0
2
2

( v0 ) ( 0.5168v0 ) +

g 3
2 g
2 2

v02
0.3v02
1.5 0.40 0.50] =
[
2g
g

Tlost = 0.00932v02 ft lb !
(For v0 in ft/s).

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.