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STANDARD REPORT ISMAILIA

Document Number

: EAAF-***-**-**-*-**-****

Revision : 0.4
Date :
Contract No. :

Status:

1.1
NFPA 502 ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS
The electrical systems shall support life safety operations, fire emergency operations, and
normal operations.
Emergency circuits installed in a road tunnel and ancillary areas shall remain functional for a
period of not less than 1 hour, for the anticipated fire condition, by one of the following methods:
- fire-resistive cables shall be certified or listed as having been tested in a totally enclosed
furnace using the ASTM E 119, Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and
Materials, time-temperature curve and which demonstrate functionality for no less than 2 hours as
described in the ANSI/UL 2196, Standard for Tests for Fire Resistive Cables, test standard and as
follows:
(a) Fire-resistive cables are tested as a complete system of conductors, cables, and raceways
as applicable, using a sample no shorter than 3.0 m (9.84 ft).
(b) Fire-resistive cables intended for installation in a raceway are tested in the type of raceway
in which they are intended to be installed.
(c) Each fire-resistive cable system has installation instructions that outline the test procedure,
and only the components stated in the test report are acceptable for actual installations.
- using circuits embedded in concrete that are protected by a 2-hour fire barrier system in
accordance with UL 1724, Outline of Investigation for Fire Tests for Electrical Circuit Protective
Systems (The insulation for cables or conductors shall be thermoset and shall be suitable to maintain
functionality at the temperature within the embedded conduit or fire barrier system.)
- by the routing of the cable system external to the roadway
- using diversity in system routing as approved, such as separate redundant or multiple circuits
separated by a 1-hour fire barrier, so that a single fire or emergency event will not lead to a failure of
the system.
This requirement shall not apply to bidirectional antennas used for emergency communication
circuits.
The electrical systems shall maintain ventilation, lighting, communications, drainage, fire
suppression, fire alarm and fire detection, exit signs, traffic control, and others for areas of refuge,
exits, and exit routes, under all normal and emergency modes associated with the facility
The fire and life safety electrical systems shall be designed and installed to resist lateral forces
induced by earthquakes (seismic forces) in the appropriate seismic zone and to continue to function
after the event.
An electrical single-line diagram shall be posted within the main electrical room.
The diagram shall include utility short-circuit duty, all sources, uninterrupted power supplies
(UPSs), or standby source and interlocking schemes, and other data per IEEE standards for singleline diagrams.
Page 1 of 4

STANDARD REPORT ISMAILIA


Document Number

: EAAF-***-**-**-*-**-****

Revision : 0.4
Date :
Contract No. :

Status:

Labels, nameplates, or tags shall be affixed to switchboards, panel boards, motor controllers,
switches, and breakers that correspond to the single line. The equipment or device operating
instructions shall be available to operating personal.
1.1.1 Wiring Methods
All wiring materials and installations shall conform to NFPA 70 except as herein modified in this
standard. All cables and conductors shall be of the moisture resistant and heat-resistant types with
temperature ratings that correspond to the conditions of application. All cables and conductors shall
be listed for use in wet locations.
All cables and conductors used in road tunnels shall be resistant to the spread of fire and shall
have reduced smoke emissions by one of the following methods:
(1) Wires and cables listed as having fire-resistant and low smoke-producing characteristics,
by having a cable char height of not greater than 1.5 m (4.9 ft) when measured from the lower edge
of the burner face, a total smoke release over the 20-minute test period no greater than 150 m2, and
a peak smoke release rate of no greater than 0.40 m2/s, when tested as a minimum in accordance
with either the FT4/ IEEE 1202 method described in ANSI/UL 1685, Vertical-Tray Fire Propagation
and Smoke-Release Test for Electrical and Optical- Fiber Cables, or the CSA FT4, Vertical Flame
Test, per CSA C22.2 No. 0.3, Test Methods for Electrical Wires and Cables.
(2) Wires and cables listed as having fire-resistant and low smoke-producing characteristics,
by having a flame travel distance that does not exceed 1.5 m (4.9 ft), generating a maximum peak
optical density of smoke of 0.5 and a maximum average optical density of smoke of 0.15 when tested,
as a minimum in accordance with the methods described in NFPA262 or CSA FT6, Horizontal Flame
and Smoke Test, per CSA C22.2 No. 0.3.
(3) Wires and cables tested to equivalent internationally recognized standards approved by the
AHJ.
All cables and conductors used in road tunnels shall emit less than 2 percent acid gas when
tested in accordance with MIL-C-24643, General Specification for Cable and Cords, Electrical, Low
Smoke, for Shipboard Use, or in accordance with an equivalent internationally recognized standard
approved by the AHJ.
1.1.2 Installation Methods
Cables and conductors shall be protected by means of metallic armor/sheath, metal raceways,
electrical duct banks embedded in concrete, or other methods approved by the AHJ except as
otherwise permitted by:
-

Cables and conductors installed in ancillary facilities shall not require additional physical
protection as described above, provided that they are installed in a cable tray and are listed
for cable tray use.
Nonmetallic raceways shall be permitted when installing cables and conductors on limited
access highways, bridges, elevated highways, and depressed highways.
Page 2 of 4

STANDARD REPORT ISMAILIA


Document Number

: EAAF-***-**-**-*-**-****

Revision : 0.4
Date :
Contract No. :

Status:

Raceways, equipment, and supports installed in a road tunnel and ancillary areas shall comply
with the following:
(1) Exposed raceways, equipment, and supports with combustible outer coverings or coatings
shall emit less than 2 percent acid gas when tested in accordance with MIL-C 24643, General
Specification for Cable and Cords, Electrical Low Smoke, for Shipboard Use, or in accordance with
an equivalent internationally recognized standard approved by the AHJ.
(2) Nonmetallic conduits shall be permitted when covered with a minimum of 100 mm (4 in.)
concrete when approved by the AHJ. All conduit ends inside of pull boxes and junction boxes shall be
fire stopped.
All wiring and cables installed in supply air ducts shall meet one of the following:
(1) Shall be listed as having fire-resistant and low smoke producing characteristics exhibiting a
maximum peak optical density of 0.5 or less, an average optical density of 0.15 or less, and a
maximum flame spread distance of 1.5 m (4.9 ft) or less when tested, as a minimum, in accordance
with NFPA 262 or with CSA FT6 Horizontal Flame and Smoke Test, per CSA C22.2 No. 0.3, Test
Methods for Electrical Wires and Cables.
(2) Shall be installed in nonmetallic conduits that are embedded in concrete with all conduit
ends fire stopped where they enter pull boxes or splice boxes.
(3) Shall be installed in intermediate metal conduit, or rigid metal conduit without an overall
nonmetallic covering, or flexible metallic tubing no longer than 6 ft in length.
(4) Shall be Type MI cable, or Type MC cable employing a smooth or corrugated impervious
metal sheath without an overall nonmetallic covering.
All equipment and supports installed in supply air ducts shall be metallic without nonmetallic
coverings.
Conduits, equipment, and supports installed in exhaust air ducts that can be exposed to
elevated temperatures shall be metallic without nonmetallic covering. Where nonmetallic conduit is
permitted by the AHJ, it shall be embedded in concrete with all conduit ends fire stopped where they
enter pull boxes or splice boxes.
Labels, or tags, shall be affixed to essential circuit feeders with numbering that is consistent
with the posted single line diagram that will be posted within the main electrical room.
1.1.3 Emergency Power
Road tunnels complying with Category BD shall be provided with emergency power in
accordance with Article 700 of NFPA70. (For emergency and standby power systems, other than
separate service, see NFPA 110.)
The following systems shall be connected to the emergency power system:
(1) Emergency lighting
Page 3 of 4

STANDARD REPORT ISMAILIA


Document Number

: EAAF-***-**-**-*-**-****

Revision : 0.4
Date :
Contract No. :

Status:

(2) Tunnel closure and traffic control


(3) Exit signs
(4) Emergency communication
(5) Tunnel drainage
(6) Emergency ventilation
(7) Fire alarm and detection
(8) Closed-circuit television or video
(9) Fire fighting
1.1.4 Reliability
The electrical systems of tunnels and dual-level bridges in excess of 1000 m (3280 ft) in length
shall have redundant facilities for the purpose of monitoring and control. The electrical systems shall
be designed to allow for routine maintenance without disruption of traffic operation. Wiring in
manholes shall be protected from spillage of flammable liquids or fire-fighting products by the
installation of manhole covers with sealing and locking capability. Conductors in manholes shall be
protected from spillage of flammable liquids or fire-fighting products by the installation of manhole
covers with sealing and locking capability.
1.1.5 Emergency Lighting
Emergency lighting systems shall be installed and maintained in accordance with NFPA 70,
NFPA 110, and NFPA 111. Emergency lights, exit lights, and essential signs shall be included in the
emergency lighting system and shall be powered by an emergency power supply. Emergency
luminaires, exit lights, and signs shall be wired from emergency distribution panels in separate
raceways. Emergency lighting levels for roadways and walkways shall be maintained in those
portions of the tunnel that are not involved in an emergency. There shall be no interruption of the
lighting levels for greater than 0.5 second. The emergency illumination level to be provided for
roadway and walkway surfaces shall be a minimum average maintained value of 10 lx (1 fc) and, at
any point, not less than 1 lx (0.1 fc), measured at the roadway and walkway surface. A maximum-tominimum illumination uniformity ratio of 40 to 1 shall not be exceeded. Lighting shall be provided to
highlight special emergency features including, but not limited to, fire alarm boxes, extinguishers and
telephones, and special feature instructional signage.
1.1.6 Exit Signs
Externally illuminated exit signs shall be illuminated by not less than 54 lx (5 fc) and employ a
contrast ratio of not less than 0.5. Internally illuminated exit signs shall produce a minimum luminance
of 8.6 cd/m2 (2.5 fl).
1.1.7 Security Plan
A security plan for the protection of the electrical supply substation to the facility shall be
developed by the agency.
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