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SCGS AM Prelims

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You are on page 1of 7

Preliminary Examination 2010

ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS

4038/2

PAPER 2

5 August 2010

Thursday

Additional materials:

2 hours

Writing Paper

Cover Sheet

Write your Centre number, index number and name on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Answer all the questions.

Write your answers on the separate Answer Paper provided.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of

angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

The total number of marks for this paper is 100.

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2010

[Turn over

2

Mathematical Formulae

1. ALGEBRA

Quadratic Equation

For the equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 ,

b b 2 4ac

x=

2a

Binomial Theorem

n n 1 n n 2 2

n

a b + a b + K + a n r b r + K + b n

1

2

r

(a + b )n = a n +

n

n(n 1) K (n r + 1)

n!

where n is a positive integer and =

.

=

r!

r r! (n r )!

2. TRIGONOMETRY

Identities

sin 2 A + cos2 A = 1

sec2 A = 1 + tan 2 A

cosec2 A = 1 + cot 2 A

sin( A B) = sin A cos B cos A sin B

cos( A B) = cos A cos B m sin A sin B

tan A tan B

tan( A B) =

1 m tan A tan B

sin 2 A = 2 sin A cos A

2

cos 2 A = cos A sin 2 A = 2 cos2 A 1 = 1 2 sin 2 A

2 tan A

tan 2 A =

1 tan 2 A

1

1

sin A + sin B = 2 sin ( A + B) cos ( A B)

2

2

1

1

sin A sin B = 2 cos ( A + B) sin ( A B)

2

2

1

1

cos A + cos B = 2 cos ( A + B) cos ( A B)

2

2

1

1

cos A cos B = 2 sin ( A + B) sin ( A B)

2

2

Formulae for ABC

c

a

b

=

=

sin A sin B sin C

a 2 = b 2 + c 2 2bc cos A

1

= bc sin A

2

3

1.

The roots of the quadratic equation 2 x 2 5 x 3 = 0 are and . Find the quadratic equation

[7]

whose roots are 1 and 1 .

2.

(i) Find the values of a and b for which x < 5 or x > 1.5 is the solution set of 2 x 2 + ax > b .

[2]

(ii) Show that, if k 5 , the line 3x + 2 y = 5 meets the curve 3x 2 + 2 y 2 = k for all real values

of x.

[4]

3.

1 + cos 2 + sin 2

= cot .

1 cos 2 + sin 2

[3]

(ii) Hence or otherwise, find all the angles between 0 and 360 which satisfy the equation

1 + cos 2 + sin 2

= 4 cos .

1 cos 2 + sin 2

4.

5.

[4]

The cubic polynomial f ( x) is such that the coefficient of x 3 is 1 and the roots of f ( x) = 0 are

k , 2k and (1 k ) , where k > 0 . It is given that f ( x) has a remainder of 30 when divided by

x 1,

(i) show that 2k 3 3k 2 + k 30 = 0 ,

[2]

[4]

[2]

3 x

in partial fractions.

3x 8 x + 5

2

3

2

6 2x

dx .

3x 8 x + 5

2

dy

(i) Find an expression for

.

dx

(ii) Hence find

x ln xdx .

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2010

[3]

[3]

[2]

[3]

4

6.

(a) C is a circle which passes through the points P(1, 5), Q(3, 5) and R(3, 1).

(i) Show that the length of PQ is equal to the length of RQ.

[1]

(ii) Given that angle PQR = 90 , find the equation of the circle, C.

[3]

(b) In the diagram, O is the centre of the circle and the points A, B, C and E lie on the circle.

DEF is the tangent of the circle at the point E. ABCE is a trapezium where DCB is parallel

to EA and EA = EB .

B

C

D

O

7.

[1]

[3]

CE 2

(iii) Prove that

= DC .

DB

[3]

2x

+ sin x . The normal to the curve at the point

P , 2 cuts the y-axis at Q.

2

[4]

[4]

5

8.

y

S

R(5,4)

M

P

(1, 2)

O

The diagram, which is not drawn to scale, shows a rhombus PQRS in which P is (1, 2), Q is on

the x-axis and R is (5, 4). The diagonals of the rhombus meet at M.

(i) Find the equation of PR.

[2]

[4]

9.

[3]

[2]

The velocity, v ms1, of a particle, P, travelling in a straight line, at time t s after leaving a fixed

point, is given by v = t 2 6t + 8 .

(i) Find the values of t when P is instantaneously at rest.

[2]

[5]

[3]

6

10. The variables x and y are related by the equation yx b 2 = a , where a and b are constants. The

table below shows values of x and y.

5

150

x

y

10

600

15

1350

20

2400

25

3750

(i) On the graph paper, plot lg y against lg x , using a scale of 4 cm to represent 0.5 unit on

the lg x axis and 4 cm to represent 1 unit on the lg y axis. Draw a straight line graph to

represent yx b 2 = a .

[3]

(ii) Use your graph to estimate the value of a and of b.

[4]

(iii) On the same diagram, draw the line representing y = x 4 and hence find the value of x for

which x 4b 2 = a .

[3]

11. Diagram I and II show two isosceles triangular tiles OXW and OYZ with OW = OX = 3 cm ,

OY = OZ = 5 cm and the acute angle WOX = .

Diagram III shows a pattern formed by using four pieces of each of these two types of tiles

with angle WOZ = 90 .

Y X

W

X

3 cm

3 cm

O

5 cm

Z

5 cm

II

III

(i) Show that the area of the pattern, A cm2, can be expressed in the form k (9 sin + 25 cos )

where k is an integer.

[3]

(ii) Find the value of for which A = 48 .

[6]

[2]

~ End of Paper 2 ~

1

6 x 2 + 49 x + 49 = 0

8(iii)

N (0.5, 8)

2(i)

a = 7 , b = 15

8(iv)

20 unit 2

3(ii)

9(i)

t = 2, 4

4(ii)

9(ii)

2 ms 1

4(iii)

34

5(a)(i)

5(a)(ii)

5(b)(i)

5(b)(ii)

1

8

2

1

3x 5 x 1

0.462

10(i)

dy

1

= 2 x ln x + x

dx

x

x 2 ln x x 2

x

x

dx

=

+C

ln

2

4

6(a)

x2 + y 2x 6 y + 2 = 0

10(ii)

a 3.62 , b = 2

7(i)

2

Q 0, 2 +

4

10(iii)

x 2.37

7(ii)

3.29 unit 2

11(i)

8(i)

y=

11(ii)

= 45.2

8(ii)

11(iii)

A = 53.1, 19.8

x 3

+

2 2

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