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SINGAPORE CHINESE GIRLS SCHOOL


Preliminary Examination 2010

ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS

4038/2

PAPER 2
5 August 2010

Thursday
Additional materials:

2 hours

Writing Paper
Cover Sheet

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

Write your Centre number, index number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Answer all the questions.
Write your answers on the separate Answer Paper provided.
Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of
angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.
The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.
You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
The total number of marks for this paper is 100.

The Question Paper consists of 6 printed pages.


SCGS Preliminary Examination 2010

[Turn over

2
Mathematical Formulae
1. ALGEBRA
Quadratic Equation
For the equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 ,
b b 2 4ac
x=
2a

Binomial Theorem
n n 1 n n 2 2
n
a b + a b + K + a n r b r + K + b n
1
2
r

(a + b )n = a n +

n
n(n 1) K (n r + 1)
n!
where n is a positive integer and =
.
=
r!
r r! (n r )!

2. TRIGONOMETRY
Identities

sin 2 A + cos2 A = 1
sec2 A = 1 + tan 2 A
cosec2 A = 1 + cot 2 A
sin( A B) = sin A cos B cos A sin B
cos( A B) = cos A cos B m sin A sin B
tan A tan B
tan( A B) =
1 m tan A tan B
sin 2 A = 2 sin A cos A
2
cos 2 A = cos A sin 2 A = 2 cos2 A 1 = 1 2 sin 2 A
2 tan A
tan 2 A =
1 tan 2 A
1
1
sin A + sin B = 2 sin ( A + B) cos ( A B)
2
2
1
1
sin A sin B = 2 cos ( A + B) sin ( A B)
2
2
1
1
cos A + cos B = 2 cos ( A + B) cos ( A B)
2
2
1
1
cos A cos B = 2 sin ( A + B) sin ( A B)
2
2
Formulae for ABC

c
a
b
=
=
sin A sin B sin C
a 2 = b 2 + c 2 2bc cos A
1
= bc sin A
2

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2010

3
1.

The roots of the quadratic equation 2 x 2 5 x 3 = 0 are and . Find the quadratic equation

[7]
whose roots are 1 and 1 .

2.

(i) Find the values of a and b for which x < 5 or x > 1.5 is the solution set of 2 x 2 + ax > b .
[2]
(ii) Show that, if k 5 , the line 3x + 2 y = 5 meets the curve 3x 2 + 2 y 2 = k for all real values
of x.
[4]

3.

(i) Prove the identity

1 + cos 2 + sin 2
= cot .
1 cos 2 + sin 2

[3]

(ii) Hence or otherwise, find all the angles between 0 and 360 which satisfy the equation

1 + cos 2 + sin 2
= 4 cos .
1 cos 2 + sin 2

4.

5.

[4]

The cubic polynomial f ( x) is such that the coefficient of x 3 is 1 and the roots of f ( x) = 0 are
k , 2k and (1 k ) , where k > 0 . It is given that f ( x) has a remainder of 30 when divided by
x 1,
(i) show that 2k 3 3k 2 + k 30 = 0 ,

[2]

(ii) find the number of real roots of the equation 2k 3 3k 2 + k 30 = 0 ,

[4]

(iii) find the remainder when f ( x) is divided by (2 x + 1) .

[2]

(a) (i) Express

3 x
in partial fractions.
3x 8 x + 5
2

(ii) Hence evaluate

3
2

6 2x
dx .
3x 8 x + 5
2

(b) A curve has the equation y = ( x 2 1) ln x , where x > 0 .


dy
(i) Find an expression for
.
dx
(ii) Hence find

x ln xdx .
SCGS Preliminary Examination 2010

[3]

[3]

[2]
[3]

4
6.

(a) C is a circle which passes through the points P(1, 5), Q(3, 5) and R(3, 1).
(i) Show that the length of PQ is equal to the length of RQ.

[1]

(ii) Given that angle PQR = 90 , find the equation of the circle, C.

[3]

(b) In the diagram, O is the centre of the circle and the points A, B, C and E lie on the circle.
DEF is the tangent of the circle at the point E. ABCE is a trapezium where DCB is parallel
to EA and EA = EB .
B
C
D
O

7.

(i) Find with explanation, an angle equal to angle BAE.

[1]

(ii) Prove that triangle AEB is similar to triangle CED.

[3]

CE 2
(iii) Prove that
= DC .
DB

[3]

The diagram shows part of the curve y =

2x
+ sin x . The normal to the curve at the point


P , 2 cuts the y-axis at Q.
2

(i) Find coordinates of Q.

[4]

(ii) Find the area of the shaded region.

[4]

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2010

5
8.

Solutions to this question by accurate drawing will not be accepted.

y
S
R(5,4)

M
P
(1, 2)
O

The diagram, which is not drawn to scale, shows a rhombus PQRS in which P is (1, 2), Q is on
the x-axis and R is (5, 4). The diagonals of the rhombus meet at M.
(i) Find the equation of PR.

[2]

(ii) Find the coordinates of Q and of S.

[4]

Given that N is a point on QS produced such that QM : MN = 3 : 5 ,

9.

(iii) find the coordinates of N,

[3]

(iv) find the area of the quadrilateral PQRN.

[2]

The velocity, v ms1, of a particle, P, travelling in a straight line, at time t s after leaving a fixed
point, is given by v = t 2 6t + 8 .
(i) Find the values of t when P is instantaneously at rest.

[2]

(ii) Find the average speed of P during the first 4 seconds.

[5]

(iii) Show that P will never return to its starting point.

[3]

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2010

6
10. The variables x and y are related by the equation yx b 2 = a , where a and b are constants. The
table below shows values of x and y.

5
150

x
y

10
600

15
1350

20
2400

25
3750

(i) On the graph paper, plot lg y against lg x , using a scale of 4 cm to represent 0.5 unit on
the lg x axis and 4 cm to represent 1 unit on the lg y axis. Draw a straight line graph to
represent yx b 2 = a .
[3]
(ii) Use your graph to estimate the value of a and of b.

[4]

(iii) On the same diagram, draw the line representing y = x 4 and hence find the value of x for
which x 4b 2 = a .
[3]

11. Diagram I and II show two isosceles triangular tiles OXW and OYZ with OW = OX = 3 cm ,
OY = OZ = 5 cm and the acute angle WOX = .

Diagram III shows a pattern formed by using four pieces of each of these two types of tiles
with angle WOZ = 90 .

Y X

W
X

3 cm

3 cm
O

5 cm
Z

5 cm

II

III

(i) Show that the area of the pattern, A cm2, can be expressed in the form k (9 sin + 25 cos )
where k is an integer.
[3]
(ii) Find the value of for which A = 48 .

[6]

(iii) State the maximum value of A and the corresponding value of .

[2]

~ End of Paper 2 ~

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2010

Paper 2 (Answer Key)


1

6 x 2 + 49 x + 49 = 0

8(iii)

N (0.5, 8)

2(i)

a = 7 , b = 15

8(iv)

20 unit 2

3(ii)

= 14.5, 90, 165.5, 270

9(i)

t = 2, 4

4(ii)

Only One real root.

9(ii)

2 ms 1

4(iii)

34

5(a)(i)
5(a)(ii)
5(b)(i)
5(b)(ii)

1
8
2
1

3x 5 x 1

0.462

10(i)

dy
1
= 2 x ln x + x
dx
x
x 2 ln x x 2
x
x
dx
=

+C
ln

2
4

6(a)

x2 + y 2x 6 y + 2 = 0

10(ii)

a 3.62 , b = 2

7(i)

2
Q 0, 2 +
4

10(iii)

x 2.37

7(ii)

3.29 unit 2

11(i)

A = 2(9 sin + 25 cos )

8(i)

y=

11(ii)

= 45.2

8(ii)

Q(4.5, 0) and S(1.5, 6)

11(iii)

A = 53.1, 19.8

x 3
+
2 2

SCGS Preliminary Examination 2010