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B767

Hydraulics
DONOTUSEFORFLIGHT

Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]

Introduction
The airplane has three independent hydraulic systems: left, right, and center. The
hydraulic systems power the:
flight controls
leading edge slats
trailing edge flaps
landing gear
wheel brakes
nose wheel steering
autopilot servos
thrust reversers
tailskid
Flight control system components are distributed so that any one hydraulic system
can provide adequate airplane controllability.
Hydraulic fluid is supplied to each hydraulic pump from the associated system
reservoir. The reservoirs are pressurized by the bleed air system.

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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]

Hydraulic Systems Schematic


SYS
PRESS

SYS
PRESS

SYS
PRESS

QTY

QTY

QTY

P
R
I
M
A
R
Y

RESERVE
BKS & STRG
ON

L
ENG

R
ENG

C
1-ELEC-2

ON

ON

ON

ON

PRESS

PRESS

PRESS

PRESS

OVHT

OVHT

OVHT

OVHT

AIR

ELEC

PRESS

PRESS

ELEC

PRESS
D
E
OVHT
M
AUTO
A
ON
N OFF
D

VALVE

PUMPS

HYD

OVHT
OFF

AUTO

P
R
I
M
A
R
Y

RAM AIR TURB


PRESS
UNLKD

D
E
M
AUTO
A
ON N
OFF
D
OVHT

ON

FLT CTRL

PRIMARY FLOW
DEMAND FLOW
FLT CTRL
L REV

TAILSKID

PES

HYD DRIVEN
GENERATOR

NORM BRKS
FLT CTRL

SLATS

ALTN BRAKES

R REV

FLAPS

NOSE WHEEL
STEERING

LND GEAR
ISLN

ISLN
L
ENG

L
ELEC

DISCH
1

L
E
F
T

R
ENG

ELEC
C2

ELEC
C1

AIR
C

RAT

R
ELEC

SOV

SOV
ISLN

LEFT
RESERVOIR
PUMP
ISLN

CENTER
RESERVOIR
ISOLATION
VALVE

SOV

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RIGHT
RESERVOIR
SHUTOFF
VALVE

CHECK
VALVE

Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]

SYS
PRESS

SYS
PRESS

SYS
PRESS

QTY

QTY

QTY

P
R
I
M
A
R
Y

RESERVE
BKS & STRG
ON

L
ENG

R
ENG

C
1-ELEC-2

ON

ON

ON

ON

PRESS

PRESS

PRESS

PRESS

OVHT

OVHT

OVHT

OVHT

AIR

ELEC

PRESS

PRESS

ELEC

PRESS
D
E
OVHT
M
AUTO
A
ON
N OFF
D

VALVE

PUMPS

HYD

OVHT
OFF

AUTO

P
R
I
M
A
R
Y

RAM AIR TURB


PRESS
UNLKD

D
E
M
AUTO
A
ON N
OFF
D
OVHT

ON

FLT CTRL

PRIMARY FLOW
DEMAND FLOW
FLT CTRL

TAILSKID

PES

HYD DRIVEN
GENERATOR

NORM BRKS
FLT CTRL

SLATS

ALTN BRAKES

FLAPS

NOSE WHEEL
STEERING

LND GEAR
ISLN

ISLN
L
ENG

L
ELEC

DISCH
1

L
E
F
T

R
ENG

ELEC
C2

ELEC
C1

AIR
C

RAT

R
ELEC

SOV

SOV
ISLN

LEFT
RESERVOIR
PUMP
ISLN

CENTER
RESERVOIR
ISOLATION
VALVE

SOV

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RIGHT
RESERVOIR
SHUTOFF
VALVE

CHECK
VALVE

Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]

Left Hydraulic System


The left hydraulic system powers:
flight controls
left engine thrust reverser
The system consists of a reservoir, enginedriven primary pump, and an electric
motordriven demand pump.

Fluid Supply
Hydraulic fluid is supplied to each hydraulic pump from a reservoir. The reservoir
is pressurized by the bleed air system. A quantity measuring system provides
information to the EICAS status display. RF displays on the EICAS status page
when a reservoir requires refilling prior to dispatch.
The QTY light illuminates and the EICAS advisory message L HYD QTY
displays when the reservoir quantity is low.
Fluid for the enginedriven pump flows through a shutoff valve controlled by the
engine fire switch. Pulling the fire switch shuts off the flow of fluid to the engine
pump and depressurizes the pump.

Enginedriven Primary Pump


The primary hydraulic system pump is an enginedriven pump.
The primary pump PRESS light illuminates and the EICAS advisory message
L HYD PRIM PUMP displays when the pump output pressure is low. The pump
OVHT light illuminates and the EICAS advisory message L PRIM HYD OVHT
displays when the pump temperature is high.

Electric Motordriven Demand Pump


An electric motordriven demand pump provides additional hydraulic power
either on demand or continuously for periods of high system demand. The demand
pump also provides a backup hydraulic power source for the enginedriven
primary pump.
The pump PRESS light illuminates and the EICAS advisory message
L HYD DEM PUMP displays when the pump output pressure is low. The pump
OVHT light illuminates and the EICAS advisory message L DEM HYD OVHT
displays when the pump temperature is high.
To reduce electrical load, the left electric demand pump is inhibited on the ground
during engine start of either engine, when only one electrical generator is
operating. The left demand pump PRESS and SYS PRESS lights may illuminate
when starting engines on the ground.

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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]

System Pressure Indications


The SYS PRESS light illuminates and the EICAS caution message
L HYD SYS PRESS displays when the hydraulic system pressure is low.

Right Hydraulic System


The right hydraulic system is similar to the left system. The right system powers:
flight controls
normal brakes
pitch enhancement system
right engine thrust reverser
The system consists of a reservoir, enginedriven primary pump, and an electric
motordriven demand pump.

Fluid Supply
The right reservoir is similar to the left system. The associated EICAS message
for low reservoir quantity is R HYD QTY.

Enginedriven Primary Pump


The right enginedriven primary pump is identical to the left system. The
associated EICAS messages for low pump output pressure or high pump
temperature are R HYD PRIM PUMP and R PRIM HYD OVHT.

Electric Motordriven Demand Pump


The right electric motordriven demand pump is identical to the left system. The
associated EICAS messages for low pump output pressure or high pump
temperature are R HYD DEM PUMP and R DEM HYD OVHT.

System Pressure Indications


The right system pressure indications are similar to the left system. The associated
message for low system pressure is R HYD SYS PRESS.

Center Hydraulic System


The center system powers:
flight controls
nose wheel steering
flaps and slats
alternate brakes
landing gear
hydraulic driven generator
tailskid
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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]

The system consists of a reservoir, two electric motordriven pumps, an


airdriven demand pump, and a ram air turbine (RAT) pump.

Fluid Supply
The center reservoir is similar to the left system. The associated EICAS messages
for low reservoir quantity is C HYD QTY.
The reservoir maintains reserve hydraulic fluid for use by the brakes and steering
in the event of a center system hydraulic leak.

Electric Motordriven Primary Pumps


The two center electric motordriven primary pumps are identical to the left and
right system electric motor-driven pumps. The C2 pump may be load shed
automatically to reduce electrical loads. The associated EICAS messages for low
pump output pressure or high pump temperature are C HYD PRIM 1,
C HYD PRIM 2, C HYD 1 OVHT, and C HYD 2 OVHT.

Airdriven Demand Pump


An airdriven demand pump provides additional hydraulic power either on
demand or continuously for periods of high system demand. The demand pump
also provides a backup hydraulic power source for the electric motordriven
primary pumps.
The pump PRESS light illuminates and the EICAS advisory message
C HYD DEM PUMP displays when the pump output pressure is low. The pump
OVHT light illuminates and the EICAS advisory message C DEM HYD OVHT
displays when the pump temperature is high.

System Pressure Indications


The center system pressure indications are similar to the left system. The
associated message for low system pressure is C HYD SYS PRESS.

Reserve Brakes and Steering Isolation


The center number one electric primary hydraulic pump is automatically isolated,
if system quantity is sensed low, to provide hydraulic pressure to the reserve
brakes and steering system.

Hydraulic Driven Generator


A hydraulic driven generator is automatically powered by the center hydraulic
system when electrical power is lost from both main AC busses. The center air
demand pump will then operate continuously to ensure sufficient hydraulic
pressure to drive the generator.

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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]

Ram Air Turbine (RAT) Pump


When deployed, the RAT, provides hydraulic power to the flight controls portion
of the center hydraulic system. The RAT provides adequate hydraulic power at
speeds above 130 knots. In flight, the RAT deploys automatically when both
engines fail. The RAT is inhibited from auto deployment on the ground.
The RAT can be deployed manually by pushing the RAM AIR TURB switch. The
UNLKD light illuminates and the EICAS advisory message RAT UNLOCKED
displays when the RAT is not stowed and locked. Once the RAT is producing
pressure the ram air turbine PRESS light illuminates. The SYS PRESS light
remains illuminated if the RAT is the only source of center system pressure. Once
deployed, the RAT cannot be stowed in flight.

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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]

Hydraulics EICAS Messages


The following EICAS messages can be displayed.
Message
C DEM HYD OVHT

Level

Light

Aural

Condition

Advisory

OVHT

Pump temperature is
high.

Advisory

PRESS

Pump output pressure is


low.

Advisory

QTY

Hydraulic quantity is
low.

Caution

SYS
PRESS

Advisory

UNLKD

L DEM HYD OVHT


R DEM HYD OVHT
C HYD 1 OVHT
C HYD 2 OVHT
L PRIM HYD OVHT
R PRIM HYD OVHT
C HYD DEM PUMP
L HYD DEM PUMP
R HYD DEM PUMP
L HYD PRIM PUMP
R HYD PRIM PUMP
C HYD PRIM 1
C HYD PRIM 2
C HYD QTY
L HYD QTY
R HYD QTY
C HYD SYS PRESS
L HYD SYS PRESS

Beeper

Hydraulic system
pressure is low.

R HYD SYS PRESS


RAT UNLOCKED

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The ram air turbine is not


stowed and locked.

Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]

Hydraulic Panel
1

SYS
PRESS

SYS
PRESS

SYS
PRESS

QTY

QTY

QTY

3
4
5
6

P
R
I
M
A
R
Y

L
ENG

HYD PUMPS
C
1 - ELEC - 2

R
ENG

ON

ON

ON

ON

PRESS

PRESS

PRESS

PRESS

OVHT

OVHT

OVHT

OVHT

ELEC

AIR

PRESS

PRESS

D
E
OVHT
M
AUTO
A
ON
OFF
N
D

ELEC

OVHT
OFF

AUTO

P
R
I
M
A
R
Y

PRESS

D
E
M
AUTO
A
OFF
ON
N
D

OVHT

ON

OVERHEAD PANEL
1

System Pressure (SYS PRESS) Lights

Illuminated (amber) system pressure is low.


2

Reservoir Low Quantity (QTY) Lights

Illuminated (amber) reservoir quantity is low.


3

Left/Right Engine (L/R ENG) Primary Pump Switches

ON the enginedriven hydraulic pump pressurizes when engine rotates.


Off (ON not visible) the enginedriven hydraulic pump is turned off and
depressurized.
4

Pump Pressure (PRESS) Lights

Illuminated (amber) pump output pressure is low.


5

Pump Overheat (OVHT) Lights

Illuminated (amber) pump temperature is high.


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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]


6

Center 1/2 Electric (C1/2 ELEC) Primary Pump Switches

ON the electric motordriven pump pressurizes the center hydraulic system.


OFF (ON not visible) the electric motordriven hydraulic pump is turned off.
7

Left/Right Electric and Center Air (L/R ELEC and C AIR) Demand
Pump Selectors

ON continuous operation.
AUTO
left/right electric pumps operate when engine pump pressure is low
center air demand pump operates when both center electric pump
pressures are low
center air demand pump operates when heavy load items are selected
OFF pump off.

Status Display
1

HYD QTY

.75 RF

1.00

1.00

EICAS STATUS DISPLAY


Hydraulic Fluid Quantities (HYD QTY)
displays system reservoir quantity (1.00 is the normal service level)
RF (magenta) displayed when the reservoir requires refilling
1

Miscellaneous Hydraulic System Controls


Reserve Brakes and Steering Reset/Disable Switch
RESERVE BRAKES & STRG
RESET/
C HYD SYS
DISABLE

ISLN

NORM

ACCESSORY PANEL
1

Reset/Disable Switch

RESET/DISABLE resets or disables the automatic isolation feature of the center


hydraulic system.
NORM the isolation feature is armed for automatic operation.
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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]

Isolation (ISLN) Light

Illuminated (white) the center number one electric primary hydraulic pump is
isolated to provide hydraulic pressure to the reserve brakes and steering system.

Ram Air Turbine


RAM AIR TURB
1
2

PRESS

UNLKD

OVERHEAD PANEL
1

RAM AIR Turbine (TURB) Switch

Push deploys the RAT.


2

Ram Air Turbine Pressure (PRESS) Light

Illuminated (green)
the RAT is deployed
the RAT is producing hydraulic pressure
3

Ram Air Turbine Unlocked (UNLKD) Light

Illuminated (amber) the RAT is not stowed and locked.

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