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ThermoTechAutomaticHeatDetectors

ReferenceGuide
ThermotechIncorporated
2900N.1000W.(801)7822233
Ogden,UT84414Fax:(801)7821746
www.ThermotechHeatDetectors.com

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Model302SeriesReferenceGuide
WARNING failure to comply with the information in this document may
result in property damage and/or serious bodily injury and will eliminate
allexpressandimpliedwarranties.
DESCRIPTION
A.GeneralThe302seriesautomaticheatdetectorisdesignedforfiredetectionwith
alarm systems. Thermotech detectors are normally open devices and are "rate
compensationtype"detectors.Allfourmodelsareselfrestoring,hermeticallysealed,
shockandcorrosionresistant,nonferrous,andtamperproof.
B. Principles of Operation The Model 302 operates on the principles of a rate
compensation detector. The detector consists of a high expansion aluminum tube
that encases two insulated struts with opposing open contact points. The high
expansion sensing shell and the expansion struts have a different coefficient of
expansion. This allows the detector to react to changes in temperature in the
followingtwoways:
SlowRateofTemperatureRiseAslowrateoftemperatureriseallowstheheatto
penetratetheinnerexpansionstruts.Asthetemperaturerises,thetubularshelland
the struts both expand until the total device has been heated to the rated
temperature.Atthispoint,thesilvercontactpointsclosewhichinitiatesthealarm.
Rapid Rate of Temperature Rise When subjected to a rapid rise in temperature,
thereisnotasmuchtimeforheattopenetratetheinnerstrut.Therapidlengthening
oftheshellalongwiththeslowerreactionofthestrutsallowthesilvercontactpoints
tocloseatalowerlevel.Thedetectorreactsalmostinstantlytotherapidincreasein
temperature and "compensates" for thermal lag inherent in conventional fixed
temperaturedetectors.
Whentheambientairtemperaturedropsbelowthedetector'sratedtemperature,the
shellcontractswhichforcesthecontactstoopenandthedetectortoresetitself.
C. Specific Model Descriptions Thermotech 302 Series Models include Models 302,
302AW, 302ET, and 302EPM. All models are available in either 135F or 194F
ratings.See"ApplicationofSpecificModels"belowforadescriptionofallThermotech
302SeriesModels.
GENERALAPPLICATION
A. General Application of Model 302 Series Automatic Heat Detectors should be
based on sound engineering judgement and on industry standards as set forth by
theNationalFireProtectionAgencyintheNFPA72,NationalFireAlarmCodeand/or
thelocalauthorityhavingjurisdiction.
B.WheneveraThermotechHeatDetectorisusedwithanautomaticfiresuppression
system (including, but not limited to, preaction and deluge sprinkler systems,
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carbon dioxide systems, halon systems, and dry chemical systems), Thermotech
requires the operation of at least two automatic detectors to initiate the alarm
response.Thisiscommonlyreferredtoascrosszoningandisnecessarytoeliminate
prematuredischargeofthesystem.RefertoNFPA72.WARNINGfailuretocomply
withthisrequirementmayresultinpropertydamageand/orseriousbodilyinjuryand
willeliminateallexpressandimpliedwarranties.
C.MaximumCeilingTemperaturesThefollowingchartisbasedpartlyontheNFPA
72 and can be used to determine which temperature rating should be used in any
particularapplication:

Detector'sRated
Temperature(F)

MinimumAmbient
AirTemperature(F)

MaximumCeiling
Temperature(F)

135

40

100115

194

40

150155

Example: If a detector was being installed in a residential car garage and the
maximumceilingtemperaturewasexpectedtoreach103Ftwodaysoutoftheyear,
use a 194 rated detector. If the ceiling temperature will never reach above 100,
use135rateddetector.
D. Temperature Fluctuation Considerations Detectors rated at 135F should not
respond to momentary temperature fluctuations less than 30F/minute between
60F and 100F. Detectors rated at 194F should not respond to momentary
temperaturefluctuationslessthan50F/minutebetween60Fand150F.
Thermotech detectors should not be used in environments with temperature
fluctuations greater than the above. Do not install Thermotech detectors in hot air
ducts,infrontofheaters,inpaintboothsthatuseheattocurepaint,etc.,etc.
E.DirectHeatSourcesThealuminumtubeactsasacollectorofheatwhensources
of heat radiate directly on the tube. Keep out of direct sunlight and away from
radiatingheatsourcesincludingthedirectflowfromheatersandheatducts.
APPLICATIONOFSPECIFICMODELS
A. General Application of Model 302 Series Automatic Heat Detectors should be
based on sound engineering judgement and on industry standards as set forth by
theNationalFireProtectionAgencyintheNFPA72,NationalFireAlarmCodeand/or
the local authority having jurisdiction. Detectors are not directionally affected,
detectorscanbemountedhorizontallyorvertically.
B.ListedSpacingSpacingisbasedonsmoothceilingsthatareupto10'high.Refer
to NFPA 72 for ceilings that are not considered smooth or are higher than 10'. RTI
Classification:135=Quick194=VFast.
C. Model 302 Most basic model. For interior vertical mounting in any atmosphere
thatiscompatiblewithterminalscrewconnections.

LISTEDSPACING
MODEL
Listing

302

302AW

302ET

302EPM

UL

50'X50'

50'X50'

50'X50'

40'X40'

FM135
FM194

20'X20'
30'x30'

20'X20'
30'x30'

20'X20'
30'x30'

NotListed
NotListed

Horizonal
mountUL

40'X40'

40'X40'

40'X40'

30'X30'

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D.Model302AWAllweathertypedetectorwithfourwireleads.Hermeticallysealed
formoistureproofordustproofinstallations.Verticalmounting.
E. Model 302ET Same as Model 302AW except with plastic hexagonal grip
bushing with 1/2inch conduit threads for attachment to threaded hub cover, tee
conduit,oranyoutletbox.Verticalorhorizontalmounting.Handtightenonly.
F.Model302EPMExplosionproofdetectorintendedforuseinfirealarmsystems
wherewiringisenclosedinthreadedrigidconduit,andrelatedfittingsarelistedfor
useinhazardouslocations,division1,ClassI,GroupsCandD,andClassII,Groups
E, F, and G. Bushing has hexagonal grip and 1/2 inch size conduit threads for
attachment to threaded hub cover of fixture fittings that are listed for use in
hazardouslocations.Explosionproof,verticalorhortizonalmounted.Interioruseonly.
Handtightenonly.
G.APPDecorativewhiteplasticadapterplateformountingModels302and302
AWtoany3"outletboxor4"octagonoutletbox.
MAINTENANCE
Model302seriesheatdetectorsarelowmaintenance.Detectorsautomaticallyrestore
whentemperaturesdropbelowtheirratedtemperatures.Accumulationofdustand
dirtshouldnotadverselyeffectdetectors.Ifdetectorsmustbecleanedforaesthetic
purposes,turnalarmsystemoffandcleandetectorswithadampcloth.
Thermotechheatdetectorsareprecisiondevicesthatshouldbehandledcarefully.DO
NOTDROPorexposetoExcessiveVibration.
TESTING
A. General Refer to NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm Code and/or the local authority
havingjurisdictiontodeterminetestingfrequency,recordkeeping,andothertesting
considerations.
B.TestingMethodsThefollowingmethodscanbeusedtotestforOPERATIONand
SENSITIVITYbythecustomer:
1.OPERATIONTestingforoperationissimpleandcanbedonebeforeorafterthe
detectorhasbeeninstalled.Heatthedetectorwithacommonhairdryer.Donotuse
any device with an open flame to test detectors. Detectors should operate shortly
afterthehotairisapplied.
2. SENSITIVITY Testing for sensitivity is more difficult and requires a laboratory
oven where the temperature can be controlled and where calibrated measuring
devicesareused.Maintainatemperatureof20Fbelowthedetectors'ratingfor5
minutesandthenincreaseatarateof1F/min.Eachsamplemustbeconnectedto
apowersource(6V)andasignalingmeansforproperindicationofoperation.Theair
istobeconstantlycirculatingduringthetest.Undertheseconditions,accuratedata
canbeobtained.

WARRANTY
Thermotech warranties model 302 series heat detectors for up to one year for any
defectsinmaterialorworkmanship.Thiswarrantyislimitedtopropermaintenance,
testing and installation as set forth herein, by the National Fire Protection Agency,
NationalFireAlarmCode,and/orthelocalauthorityhavingjurisdiction.
Itisthepurchaser'sresponsibilitytotestanddeterminethesuitabilityofthedetector
for the purchaser's intended use, and purchaser assumes all risk and liability
whatsoeverreguardingsuchsuitability.InnoeventwillThermotechbeobligatedto
pay damages to purchaser in any amount exceeding the price that the purchaser
paidforthedetector.Installationcostsarethesoleresponsibilityofthepurchaser.

SpecialConsiderations
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Temp.RatingF

MaxCeilingTemp.
F

135

115

194

155

Min.AmbientAir
40F

ElectricalRating

Voltage

Current

6125VAC

5amps

625VDC

1amp

125VDC

0.5amp

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