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Simple Textile Production Process

Spinning : Process or process used into production of yarns or filaments. The process involves in the ring spinning yarn
formation are

Plucking

Carding

Drawing

Comber

Simplex

Ring

Cones

Funtion : The removal of unwanted non-lint or trash from a fiber mix


Section: BlowRoom (manual / automatic)
UoM : Lab

Function : Straightens, parallels, and cleans cotton fiber


Section : Carding
UoM : Sliver (Drum)

Function : Silver are blended, parallel of fiber, reduce thickness of sliver by drafting,
Section : Drawing
UoM : Roving Sliver (Drum)

Function : Remove short length Fiber. (Pre comber , Comber, then Post Comber)
Section : Comber
UoM : Comber roll

Function : reduce the thickness of sliver. Pre process of Ring Spinning Process.
Section : Roving
UoM : Roving Bobbin

Function : True twist is inserted into parallel fibers by means of a rotating spindle.
Section : Ring Frame
UoM : Ring bobbin

Function : Transfer yarn from multi ring bobbin to One cone of Standardized weight.
Section : coner (Auto / Manual)
UoM : Cones > Bags / Cartons

Prepared by Muhammad Shoaib Asad Khalid

Simple Textile Production Process


Weaving: The process of interlacing at least two yarns at right angles to form a fabric.

Warping

Sizing

Drawing In

Weaving

Inspection &
Mending

Functional : transfer yarn (cones) into Warper's Beam. Sectional Warping is used for Yarn Dyed Fabrication.
Section :Warping
UoM : Warper's Beam

Function : Before weaving to protect the yarns form abrasion in the healds and reed against each other, apply
starch mainly, a chemical treatment to mutliple (calculated) warper's beams.
Section : Sizing
UoM : Sizer's Beam
Supporting : Sizing recipe

Function : in the process of drawing the warps thread passes through the eye of heald wire and dent of reed
according weave type / pattern. In case ot running pattern Knotting process is used from Sizer's beams to Loom
Section : Drawing In (manual / Automatic)
UoM : Weaver's Beam

Function : Intersection of Warp and Weft yarn in loom for the formation of fabric.
Section :Loom shed
UoM : Cloth Roll
Support : Reed of esp count. Weft yarn.

Function : Inspection fabric, mending if required. Also assign grading to fabric.


Section : Inpsection hall (manual / automatic)
UoM : Pieces , with identifucation tag. *Loom number, weaver,* roll number, * grade,*length (yrd/meter),
*width (inches/cms),
Support : Packing on the bases packing instruction in UoM *Roll, *Bale, *pilates.

Prepared by Muhammad Shoaib Asad Khalid

Simple Textile Production Process


Processing: the Yarn Fabric or Garment treated combination process of Chemical and / or Mechanical process which change
physical or chemical state of Textiles (Yarn, Fabric, Garment). The sub-processes are;
Pretreatment: Preparation process (es) of textiles.

Singeing

Function : a mechnical process to remove of protruding fibers by direct flame or by infrared radiation or by burring against hot
plate
Section : Pretreatment
UoM : in length mtr / yrd.
support : machine & process paramenter. A-frame/trolley to hold material

Desizing

Function : removal of size (starch) from the fabric (usually in warp) during sizing process in weaving.
Section : Pretreatment
UoM : in length mtr / yrd.
support : Desizing Recipe, machine & process paramenter. A-frame/trolley to hold material

Scouring

Function : the treatment of textile materials of aqueous or other solution in order to remove the natural fats, waxes, proteins and
other constituents, as well as dirt, oil and other impurities (by sponification).
Section : Prtreatment > Bleaching
UoM : in length mtr / yrd.
support : Scouring Recipe, machine & process paramenter. A-frame/trolley to hold material

Bleaching

Mercerizing

Functional : a process for improving the whiteness if textile material with or without the removal of natural coloring matters
and/or extraneous substances.
Section : Prtreatment > Bleaching
UoM : in length mtr / yrd.
support : Bleaching Recipe, machine & process paramenter. A-frame/trolley to hold material

Function : the treatment of cellulosic textile in yarn or fabric form with a concentrated solution of caustic alkali where by the fiber
are swollen, the strength and dye affinity of the material are increased
Section : Prtreatment > Bleaching
UoM : in length mtr / yrd.
support : Mercerizing Recipe, machine & process paramenter. A-frame/trolley to hold material

Prepared by Muhammad Shoaib Asad Khalid

Simple Textile Production Process


Dyeing: the application and fixing of a dye and substrate normally even distribution throughout the substrate,
Printing: the production of design or motif on a substrate by application of a treatment of colorant or other reagent usually in a
paste or ink in a predetermined pattern.
Finish a process physical/chemical applied to a substrate to produce a desired effect.
Process includes;

Fabric Processing
of Prepared fabric

Yarn Dyeing

Garment

Soft winding
(Perfurated cones)

Dyeing

Printing

OBA

Finsihing
Treamtment
(washing/finishing

Dyeing & Washing

Dye

Print

Finshing (cehmical
/ mechnical)

Dry

Re-Winding
(Parper Cone)

Dry

cure/Steam

Cure/Steamed

Wash if required

Wash

Finshing (cehmical
/ mechnical)

Finshing (cehmical
/ mechnical)

Prepared by Muhammad Shoaib Asad Khalid

Simple Textile Production Process


Stitching: attaching the multiple panels of textiles through thread/yarn to make a wearable (apparels) or useable (home textiles)
material

Pattern
Design

Function : create marker/Design of Textile madeups for cutting of fabric.


Section : Marker (manual / automatic)
UoM : paper sheet marker
Support : Customer Textile pattern or sample

Layering

laying the fabric in specific length with multi layers


Section : Cutting
UoM : Layers
Support : Marker / pattern

Cutting

Function : cut fabric according to pattern/marker setup on fabric.


Section : Cutting
UoM : Panels
Support : Marker / pattern

Bundling

Function : combine panels of each garment in a bundle(s)


Section : Bunlding
UoM : Bundle
Support : Garment pattern

Function : apply design on fabric panel through diferent means like printing, Embroidery.
Section : Embellishment
Printing or UoM : Bundle
Embroidery Support : Embellishment design and instruction/specification. Embroidery thread, Applique, Printing Recipe etc.

Stitching

Finishing &
Packing

Function threading the panel (bundles) of each garment, home textile to finished product.
Section : Stitching
UoM : Pcs
Support : Panel / Bundles, Accesories

Function : Triming of hanging thread, pressing, inspection and packing


Section : Stitching Finsihing
UoM : Cartoon (pcs per cartoon) is can same pcs in one or different in one carton)

Prepared by Muhammad Shoaib Asad Khalid

Simple Textile Production Process


In the Textile Processing Flow, the inspection process is not shown it does not means that it is not necessary, it is the most
important factor. The role of Inspection is very important at each and every stage of process from Fiber to Dispatch. So
inspection may online or offline, both are required and according to the process requirement. The role of Quality Assurance and
Quality Control is important to do such tasks.,
A typical Knitwear unit production process with Quality Control step involved

Yarn
Procurement

Dyeing and
Finishing

Knitting

Cutting

Stitching

QA R
1
Bleaching

Layer

Flat

LAB R
2

Knitting

Pretreatment

Caustic Sizing

Cutting

Marker

Stiching

Circluar
Washing

Cutting
D 100
16

Yarn Dyeing
DR
5

DR
7

QA R
11

QA R
17

QA R
3
QA 100
6

Cake

Dyeing
Dyeing

LAB R
4

Bundling

Clipping

Collection

Finishing
Pressing

Washing
Bundle
DR
8

QA R
12

NO

D 100
18

QA 100
13

Slitting

Finishing

NO
Farmeing

Chemical
Finishing
Embellishment
compacting

Lab Testing

Printing

Physical
Inspection

QA 100
10

Lab Testing
Physical
Inspection

Packing

QA R
19

Finishing
(Clip / Cure)

Rasing
QA 100
9

Embroidery /
Printing

checking

QA R
20

MD

MD

D 100
14
NO
QA R
15

QA RX
21

Re-bundling

Prepared by Muhammad Shoaib Asad Khalid