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Cutting Room

Assignment 01
Lasitha Nawarathna

1) What do you understand by the term cut order planning term cut order
Definition:- cut order planning is the process that seeks to minimize to
tootle production costs through planning and management of pre
production operations .
ding the most effective match of efficient nests for a specific cutting
order presents a challenge for even the best cut planners. Accounting for
the thousands of variables and possible solutions exceeds human capabilities
but not the optimizing capabilities of CUTPLAN.
Leveraging our advanced algorithms, CUTPLAN will automatically
simulate all possible combinations of existing and new nests for each cut to
find the one that best optimizes your exact production
requirements. CUTPLAN is currently saving 2% - 8% of material costs
for many top manufacturers
Advantage of using cut order plane
Material cost/cutting cost balancing
Save time in cut planning, spreading and cutting, free-up time for more

value-added tasks
Plan within material availability by length and width, various stock sizes
Full reporting to production control, nesting, and/or cutting room floor
Eliminate all manual cutting paperwork
Easy updating, viewing and printing of government and other long-term
contracts, showing quantities cut and quantities outstanding by month,
product, and size

6) Write a comprehensive note on computerized maker making technology?

In todays world Textile Industry apparel are being modernized day by day. Now a day,
the designs are used in different textiles manufacturing processes. Computerized marker
making method marker, designing and plotting doing by computer and computer related
equipments .now computerized maker making method is a most commend marker
making method using in garment industry.
What are the equipments of using to computerized marker making?
Relevant Computer
digitizer table
Relevant Computer software (Gurbur, TOka,Lectra)

Advantages and important of using to computerized marker making

1. Pattern grading vary easy
if we use manual grading we have to spent lot of time and we cant satisfy accuracy
of manual grading. But when we use computerized pattern making we can enter
details to software and can grad several sizes quickly and correctly.
2. Computerized marker making has 1%-3% efficiency than manual marker making

total area of pattern picess

total marker area

Efficiency going up mean fabric saving also going up. It is very important thing
because normally 60%-70% of total garment cost goes to raw fabric. If we use
Computerized marker making we can reduce garment cost.
3. 20% time saving has more than manual maker making
if using manual methods they have to draw marker using pattern pieces but if use
computerized method we can make maker using computer. That time computer
displayed efficiency, length, width like details. After make maker it send to plotter
and can print it very easy.
4. Can store and old makers vary easy

After make maker it send to plotter but normally computer operator save it in that
computer. We are going to store manual marker we want lot of space. Some time
repeating styles comes to factory some time old makers very useful
5. Can use one maker again and again
If they have large quantity cutting room have to make several makers one special thin
of computerized pattern making they can print lot of copies from one maker.
6. Can provide higher quality garments
No overlapping, can decide minimum distance and shape are very correct. Cutting
operators can cut easily
7. Can match stribe fabric and chek fabric
8. You can ingrigreat with other cutting machines
wecan send maker to cutter and cutter cutting pieces very correctly


Basic invest vary higher because this machine and software very expensive
Maintain cost higher
If break down waiting time long. It is big issue to continue production.
Higher skill operators
Have to update software. Update also very expensive

10) Write a short note on the spreading method

Mainly spreading method can divide in to two groups

1. Manual spreading
2. Machine spreading
Manual spreading
Manual spreading was doing by minimum two operators .time consuming process .
the operators should have to maintain laying correct tension . they use mainly two
spreading techniques to minimize to that affect
1. Pulling techniques :- suitable for woven fabrics and non elastic fabrics

2. Pushing techniques :-suitable for elastic fabrics and stretchable knit fabrics.

Advantages of manual spreading

1. Can spread stretchable knit fabrics, stripe fabrics , checks fabrics

When spread stripe and check fabric operators use some techniques
2. Can minimized spreading defects
3. Can identify some fabric defects

Disadvantages of manual spreading

4. time consuming process
5. efficiency and spreading speed low
machine spreading
firstly in this method fabric roll fixed to the spreading machine. There are lot of machine brands
available in market. Operator can enter details to the spreading machine. The fundamental
purpose of spreading machines is to superimpose layers of fabric in a smooth.

Advantages of machine spreading

1. spreading speed higher than manual speeding method
2. have higher efficiency
3. low labor cost

Disadvantages of manual spreading

1. basic invest vary higher
2. Maintain cost higher

3. If break down waiting time long.

4. Higher skill operators

14)Explain the process, advantages and disadvantages of computerized cutting process

Cutting process
Pattern making

Maker making


Now apparel industry move with new technologies lot of companies use computerized cutting
methods. Using this method can achieve required shapes productivity like things .but Should
need a opera to feed the data and should use correct software .After make maker in manual
method have to get several copies and paste on upper lay of layers and cut suing manual
machine. But in new technology marker making computer and the cutting machine has direct
link. After make marker operator can send it to the cutter start cutting process


1. Higher efficiency and productivity

If we use other machine( straight knife like that machine )difficult to cut small pieces.
canot cut small pieces and small shape. that mean wastage high. but use in this method

wastage low and can achieve higher efficiency.

Can cut many layers in one time
Can increase notches
Machine has display and it displayed many details .
Better cutting quality than other machines
Quality of cutting not depend on the skill of the operator
Low fabric wastage and could cut any shape
The cutting machine is moving though the marker and cut automatically


1. Machines are more expensive

2. If there is any trouble it will take more time to mend it
3. Should want knowledgeable operators to enter the data to computer

15) Find out the new developments in computerized cutting technology. prepare a
comprehensive note

1) Computer controlled knife cutting

2) Cutting by Laser beam

3) Cutting by Water jet

4) Cutting by Plasma torch

Computer controlled knife cutting:

The latest computer aided cutting

systems, pattern design, grading and
marker making software has been
enhanced to improve productivity,
simplify workflows and generate more
accurate material costs. Special feature of
computer controlled cutting system can
make high efficiency markers and send it
to knife and it able to cutting fabrics
pieces correctly and quality.


Very active & fast cutting by computer controlled system.

Suitable for very large-scale production.

Speed of cutting can be controlled.

Cutting defects are less than other.

-Less labor cost

No need of marker paper.


Need to necessary software it was very expensive .have to update

If any breakdown repair time is long
Need knowledgeable operator
-Very expensive machine.
Higher maintenance cost.

Water jet cutting:

also known as a waterjet, is a tool capable of slicing into metal or other materials (such
as granite)using a jet of water at high velocity and pressure, or a mixture of water and
an abrasive substance. The process is essentially the same as water erosion found in nature
but greatly accelerated and concentrated. It is often used during fabrication or
manufacture of parts for machinery and other devices. It is the preferred method when the

materials being cut are sensitive to the high temperatures generated by other methods
Very fast cutting operation
Not require to sharp the blade
Capital costs are high
Water is to be filtered and de-ionized

Laser cutting

In the world of industrial and technical textiles, laser cutters are often the only choice for high
production speeds on difficult materials.
There are two main advantages to laser cutters over blade cutters.
1. Laser cutter do not touch the fabric. This means that many types of difficult material can
be easily cut without problems, which could lead to waste or ruined fabric.
2. Laser cutters can edge seal fabric while it is being cut. The edge seal will stop fraying and
can eliminate a hemming or separate edge-sealing operation.
Aeronaut manufactures two ranges of innovative gantry-mounted laser cutters with either a
lightweight chassis or a heavier dual gantry chassis for carrying larger, heavier lasers

Not suitable for cutting multi layer of fabric

Not suitable for synthetic fabric
Possibility of burning

Plasma cutting

Plasma cutting machines uses a high-frequency, high-voltage spark to ionise the air
through the torch head and initiate an arc. These require the torch to be in contact with
the job material when starting, and so are not suitable for applications involving fabric