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SECTION I: IRON POWDER CORES

The next s e v e r a l pages are d e v o t e d t o i r o n


p o w d e r materials and the t o r o i d a l core
configuration in particular. You will find physical
dimensions of available items, their AT values
and other magnetic properties, as well as how to
select the proper core for your application.

I r o n P o w d e r Cores are m a d e in n u m e r o u s
shapes and sizes: such as T o r o i d a l Cores, Ecores, Shielded Coil Forms, Sleeves etc., each of
which is available in many different materials.
T h e r e are t w o basic g r o u p s of i r o n p o w d e r
m a t e r i a l : (1) The C a r b o n y l Iron and, (2) The
Hydrogen Reduced Iron.

In general, toroidal cores are the most efficient of


any core configuration. They are highly selfs h i e l d i n g s i n c e m o s t of t h e f l u x l i n e s are
contained w i t h i n the core. The flux lines are
essentially uniform over the entire length of the
magnetic path and consequently stray magnetic
fields w i l l have very little effect on a toroidal
i n d u c t o r . It is s e l d o m necessary t o shield a
toroidal inductor.

The Carbonyl Iron cores are especially noted for


their stability over a wide range of temperatures
and flux levels. Their permeability range is from
less than 3 ^ to 35 ^ and can offer excellent 'Q'
factors from 50 KHz to 200 MHz. They are ideally
suited for a variety of RF applications w h e r e
good stability and good 'Q' are essential. Also,
they are very much in demand for broadband
i n d u c t o r s , e s p e c i a l l y w h e r e h i g h p o w e r is
concerned.

The AL value of each iron powder core can be


found in the charts on the next several pages.
Use t h i s AT v a l u e and t h e f o r m u l a b e l o w t o
calculate the n u m b e r of t u r n s f o r a specific
inductance.

The Hydrogen Reduced Iron cores have higher


p e r m e a b i l i t i e s r a n g i n g f r o m 35 /J-, t o 90 /v,.
Somewhat lower 'Q' can be expected from this
group of cores. They are mainly used for EMI
filters and low frequency chokes. They are also
very much in demand for input and output filters
for switched mode power supplies.

desired 'L' (uh)

,,,,

A x N2

.uhaa.

AL (//h/100 turns)

L/Jh

Jl
10,000

_(/vh/100 turns)

N = number of turns

L = inductance (^h)

10,000 x ' L ' ph


2
N

AT = inductance index {/jh)/100 turns)

Please see section IV on "Toroid Mounts & E-Core Bobbins" for information on mounting toroids to PC
Boards. Amidon also provides complete wound and mounted cores.

For standard wound toroid, please see section V.

For custom inductors based on your specifications, please call or fax today. You will be assured of
prompt response with quotations in less than 72 hours.

Amidon provides low cost manual and automated coil windings. Please call for more information.

AMIDON. INC.
Committed to Excellence Since 1963

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-2

IRON POWDER MATERIAL


MATERIAL #12 (|v=4):
A synthetic oxide material which provides good
'Q' and moderate stability for frequencies from
50 MHz t o 200 MHz. If h i g h ' Q ' is of p r i m e
importance this material is a g o o d choice. If
stability is of a prime importance, consider the
#17 material. The #12 material is available in all
sizes up to T-94, in toroidal form. Not available in
shielded coil form.

MATERIAL #0(^=1):
Most commonly used for frequencies above 100
MHz. Available in toroidal form only. Note: Due
to the nature of this material the inductance
resulting f r o m the use of the given AL value
m a y n o t be as a c c u r a t e as w e w o u l d like.
Inductance vs. number of turns will vary greatly
depending upon the winding technique.
MATERIAL #1 (jy=20):
A Carbonyl 'C' material, very similar to material
#3 except that it has higher v o l u m e resistivity
and better stability. Available in toroidal f o r m
and shielded coil form.

MATERIAL #15 (/i=25):


A carbonyl 'GS6' material. Has excellent stability
and good 'Q'. A good choice for commercial
b r o a d c a s t f r e q u e n c i e s w h e r e g o o d ' Q ' and
stability are essential. Available in toroidal form
only.

MATERIAL #2 (/y= 10):


A Carbonyl 'E' iron powder material having high
volume resistivity. Offers high 'Q' for the 2 MHz
to 30 MHz. frequency range. Available in toroidal
form and shielded coil form.

MATERIAL #17 (p=4):


This is a new carbonyl material w h i c h is very
similar to the #12 material except that it has
b e t t e r t e m p e r a t u r e s t a b i l i t y . H o w e v e r , as
compared to the #12 material, there is a slight Q'
loss of about 10 % f r o m 50 MHz to 100 MHz.
A b o v e 100 MHz, t h e ' Q ' w i l l g r a d u a l l y
deteriorate to a p p r o x i m a t e l y 20% lower. It is
available in both toroidal form and the shielded
coil form.

MATERIAL #3(^=35):
A c a r b o n y l 'HP' m a t e r i a l h a v i n g e x c e l l e n t
stability and good 'Q' for the lower frequencies
f r o m 50 KHz. to 500 KHz. Available in toroidal
form and shielded coil form.
MATERIAL #6 (/i=8):
A carbonyl 'SF' material. Offers very good 'Q'
and temperature stability for the 20 MHz to 50
MHz frequency range. Available in both toroidal
form and shielded coil form.

MATERIAL #26 (j/=75):


''
A H y d r o g e n Reduced m a t e r i a l . Has h i g h e s t
permeability of all of the iron powder materials.
Used for EMI filters and DC chokes. The #26 is
very similar to the older #41 material but can
provide an extended frequency range.

MATERIAL #7 (^=9):
A carbonyl 'TH' material. Very similar to the #2
and #6 materials but offers better temperature
stability than either. Available in both toroidal
f o r m and shielded coil form. Frequency ranges
from 5 MHz to 35 MHz.
MATERIAL #10 (p==6):
A powdered iron 'W' material. Offers good 'Q'
and high stability for frequencies from 40 MHz to
100 MHz. Available in toroidal form and shielded
coil form.

AM

DON.

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-35

IRON POWDER TOROIDAL CORES


a

Freq. Range 100 MHz -300 MHz

Permeabilty 1

MATERIAL 0

(For Resonant Circuits)

Color - Tan

Core
number

O.D.
(inches)

I.D.
(inches)

Hgt.
(inches)

'e
(cm)

(cm)2

(cm)3

AL Value
^h/100 turns

T-12-0
T-16-0
T-20-0
T-25-0
T-30-0
T-37-0
T-44-0
T-50-0
T-68-0
T-80-0
T-94-0
T-106-0
T-130-0

.125
.160
.200
.255
.307
.375
.440
.500
.690
.795
.942
1.060
1.300

.062
.078
.088
.120
.151
.205
.229
.303
.370
.495
.560
.570
.780

.050
.060
.070
.096
.128
.128
.159
.190
.190
.250
.312
.437
.437

.74
.95
1.15
1.50
1.83
2.32
2.67
3.03
4.24
5.15
6.00
6.50
8.29

.010
.016
.025
.042
.065
.070
.107
.121
.196
.242
.385
.690
.730

.007
.015
.029
.063
.119
.162
.286
.367
.831
1.246
2.310
4.485
6.052

3.0
3.0
3.5
4.5
6.0
4.9
6.5
6.4
7.5
8.5
10.6
19.0
15.0

Note: Due to the nature of the 'O' material, the inductance resulting from the use of the given AL value may vary
greatly depending upon the winding technique. This may cause discrepancy between calculated and
measured inductance.

Permeabilty 20

MATERIAL 1
Core
number
T-12-1
T-16-1
T-20-1
T-25-1
T-30-1
T-37-1
T-44-1
T-50-1
T-68-1
T-80-1
T-94-1
T-106-1
T-130-1
T-157-1
T-184-1
T-200-1
Note:

AM

I.D.
(inches)
.062
.078
.088
.120
.151
.205
.229
.303
.370
.495
.560
.570
.780
.950
.950
1.250

O.D.
(inches)
.125
.160
.200
.255
.307
.375
.440
.500
.690
.795
.942
1.060
1.300
1.570
1.840
2.000

Freq. Range 0.5 MHz - 5 MHz


Hgt.
(inches)
.050
.060
.070
.096
.128
.128
.159
.190
.190
.250
.312
.437
.437
.570
.710
.550

'e
(cm)
.74
.95
1.15
1.50
1.83
2.32
2.67
3.03
4.24
5.15
6.00
6.50
8.29
10.05
11.12
12.97

^e
(cm)2
.010
.016
.025
.042
.065
.070
.107
.121
.196
.242
.385
.690
.730
1.140
2.040
1.330

Color - Blue
V.
(cm)3
.007
.015
.029
.063
.119
.162
.286
.367
.831
1.246
2.310
4.485
6.052
11.457
22.685
17.250

AL Value
jzh/100 turns
48
44
52
70
85
80
105
100
115
115
160
325
200
320
500
250

Most cores can be very useful well below the lower frequency limit shown above.

DON.

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-4

IRON POWDER TOROIDAL CORES

Core
number
T-12-2
T-16-2
T-20-2
T-25-2
T-30-2
T-37-2
T-44-2
T-50-2
T-68-2
T-80-2
T-94-2
T-106-2
T-130-2
T-157-2
T-184-2
T-200-2
T-200A-2
T-225 -2
T-225A-2
T-300 -2
T-300A-2
T-400 -2
T-400A-2
T-520 -2

O.D.
(inches)
.125
.160
.200
.255
.307
.375
.440
.500
.690
.795
.942
1.060
1.300
1.570
1.840
2.000
2.000
2.250
2.250
3.058
3.048
4.000
4.000
5.200

T-12-3
T-16-3
T-20-3
T-25-3
T-30-3
T-37-3
T-44-3
T-50-3
T-68-3
T-80-3
T-94-3
T-106-3
T-130-3
T-157-3
T-184-3
T-200-3
T-200A-3
T-225 -3

Hgt.
(inches)
.050
.060
.070
.096
.128
.128
.159
.190
.190
.250
.312
.437
.437
.570
.710
.550
1.000
.550
1.000
.500
1.000
.650
1.300
.800

O.D.
(inches)
.125
.160
.200
.255
.307
.375
.440
.500
.690
.795
.942
1.060
1.300
1.570
1.840
2.000
2.000
2.250

I.D.
(inches)
.062
.078
.088
.120
.151
.205
.229
.303
.370
.495
.560
.570
.780
.950
.950
1.250
1.250
1.405

'e
(cm)
.74
.95
1.15
1.50
1.83
2.32
2.67
3.03
4.24
5.15
6.00
6.50
8.29
10.05
11.12
12.97
12.97
14.56
14.56
19.83
19.83
24.93
24.93
33.16

(cm)2
.010
.016
.025
.042
.065
.070
.107
.121
.196
.242
.385
.690
.730
1.140
2.040
1.330
2.240
1.508
2.730
1.810
3.580
3.660
7.432
5.460

VE

(cm)3
.007
.015
.029
.063
.119
.162
.286
.367
.831
1.246
2.310
4.485
6.052
11.457
22.685
17.250
29.050
21.956
39.749
35.892
70.991
91.244
185.280
181.000

Hgt.
(inches)
.050
.060
.070
.096
.128
.128
.159
.190
.190
.250
.312
.437
.437
.570
.710
.550
1.000
.550

AL Value
^ih/100 turns
20
22
25
34
43
40
52
49
57
55
84
135
110
140
240
120
218
120
215
114
228
180
360
207

Color - Gray

Freq. Range 0.05 MHz - 0.5 MHz

Permeabilty 35

MATERIAL 3
Core
number

I.D.
(inches)
.062
.078
.088
.120
.151
.205
.229
.303
.370
.495
.560
.570
.780
.950
.950
1.250
1.250
1.405
1.485
1.925
1.925
2.250
2.250
3.080

Color - Red

Freq. Range 2 MHz - 3 0 MHz

Permeabilty 10

MATERIAL 2

(For Resonant Circuits)

'e
(cm)

A,
(cm)2

^e
(cm)3

.74
.95
1.15
1.50
1.83
2.32
2.67
3.03
4.24
5.15
6.00
6.50
8.29
10.05
11.12
12.97
12.97
14.56

.010
.016
.025
.042
.065
.070
.107
.121
.196
.242
.385
.690
.730
1.140
2.040
1.330
2.240
1.508

.007
.015
.029
.063
.119
.162
.286
.367
.831
1.246
2.310
4.485
6.052
11.457
22.685
17.250
29.050
21.956

AL Value
/ih/100 turns
60
61
76
100
140
120
180
175
195
180
248
450
350
420
720
425
460
425

Orders placed are shipped same day from stock.

AM

I DON.

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-5

IRON POWDER TOROIDAL CORES


Permeabilty 8

MATERIAL 6

v.

Core
number

O.D.
(inches)

T-12-6
T-16-6
T-20-6
T-25-6
T-30-6
T-37-6
T-44-6
T-50-6
T-68-6
T-80-6
T-94-6
T-106-6
T-130-6
T-157-6
T-184-6
T-200-6
T-200A-6
T-225 -6

.125
.160
.200
.255
.307
.375
.440
.500
.690
.795
.942
1.060
1.300
1.570
1.840
2.000
2.000
2.250

Permeabilty 9

MATERIAL 7
Core
number
T-25-7
T-37-7
T-50-7
T-68-7

O.D.
(inches)
.255
.375
.500
.690

I.D.
(inches)
.120
.205
.303
.370

Permeabilty 6

MATERIAL 10

I.D.
(inches)
.062
.078
.088
.120
.151
.205
.229
.303
.370
.495
.560
.570
.780
.950
.950
1.250
1.250
1.405

Core
number

O.D.
(inches)

T-12-10
T-16-10
T-20-10
T-25-10
T-30-10
T-37-10
T-44-10
T-50-10
T-68-10
T-80-10
T-94-10

.125
.160
.200
.255
.307
.375
.440
.500
.690
.795
.942

I.D.
(inches)
.062
.078
.088
.120
.151
.205
.229
.303
.370
.495
.560

(For Resonant Circuits)

Freq. Range 10 MHz - 50 MHz


Hgt.
(inches)
.050
.060
.070
.096
.128
.128
.159
.190
.190
.250
.312
.437
.437
.570
.710
.550
1.000
.550

'e
(cm)
.74
.95
1.15
1.50
1.83
2.32
2.67
3.03
4.24
5.15
6.00
6.50
8.29
10.05
11.12
12.97
12.97
14.56

A,
(cm)2
.010
.016
.025
.042
.065
.070
.107
.121
.196
.242
.385
.690
.730
1.140
2.040
1.330
2.240
1.508

Freq. Range 3 MHz - 3 5 MHz


Hgt.
(inches)
.096
.128
.190
.190

'e
(cm)
1.50
2.32
3.03
4.24

(cm)2
.042
.070
.121
.196

Freq. Range 30 MHz - 100 MHz


Hgt.
(inches)
.050
.060
.070
.096
.128
.128
.159
.190
.190
.250
.312

Color- Yellow
(cm)3
.007
.015
.029
.063
.119
.162
.286
.367
.831
1.246
2.310
4.485
6.052
11.457
22.685
17.250
29.050
21.956

AL Value
/zh/100 turns
17
19
22
27
36
30
42
46
47
45
70
116
96
115
195
100
180
100

Color- White
Ve
(cm)3
.063
.162
.367
.831

/4 l Value
/ih/100 turns
29
32
43
52

Color - Black

'e
(cm)

A
(cm)2

(cm)3

.74
.95
1.15
1.50
1.83
2.32
2.67
3.03
4.24
5.15
6.00

.010
.016
.025
.042
.065
.070
.107
.121
.196
.242
.385

.007
.015
.029
.063
.119
.162
.286
.367
.831
1.246
2.310

AL Value
//h/100 turns
12
13
16
19
25
25
33
31
32
32
58

All items listed in this CATALOG can usually be shipped immediately from stock.
A I N / I I D O I M ,

I N C . H m

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

P.O.BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1

IRON POWDER TOROIDAL CORES


Permeabilty 4

MATERIAL 12

(For Resonant Circuits)

Freq. Range 50 MHz - 200 MHz

C o l o r - Green & White

Core
number

O.D.
(inches)

I.D.
(inches)

Hgt.
(inches)

'e
(cm)

A,
(cm)2

(cm)3

T-12-12
T-16-12
T-20-12
T-25-12
T-30-12
T-37-12
T-44-12
T-50-12
T-68-12
T-80-12
T-94-12

.125
.160
.200
.255
.307
.375
.440
.500
.690
.795
.942

.062
.078
.088
.120
.151
.205
.229
.303
.370
.495
.560

.050
.060
.070
.096
.128
.128
.159
.190
.190
.250
.312

.74
.95
1.15
1.50
1.83
2.32
2.67
3.03
4.24
5.15
6.00

.010
.016
.025
.042
.065
.070
.107
.121
.196
.242
.385

.007
.015
.029
.063
.119
.162
.286
.367
.831
1.246
2.310

AL Value
^uh/100 turns
7.5
8.0
10.0
12.0
16.0
15.0
18.5
18.0
21.0
22.0
32.0

Note: The #17 material offers greater temperature stability than #12 materials, but #12 material can provide higher 'Q'.
Permeabilty 25

MATERIAL 15
Core
number
T-12-15
T-16-15
T-20-15
T-25-15
T-30-15
T-37-15
T-44-15
T-50-15
T-68-15
T-80-15
T-94-15
T-106-15
T-130-15
T-157-15

O.D.
(inches)
.125
.160
.200
.255
.307
.375
.440
.500
.690
.795
.942
1.060
1.300
1.570

Permeabilty 4

MATERIAL 17
Core
number
T-12-17
T-16-17
T-20-17
T-25-17
T-30-17
T-37-17
T-44-17
T-50-17
T-68-17
T-80-17
T-90-17

O.D.
(inches)
.125
.160
.200
.255
.307
.375
.440
.500
.690
.795
.942

MATERIAL 26
AMIDDN.+

I.D.
(inches)
.062
.078
.088
.120
.151
.205
.229
.303
.370
.495
.560
.570
.780
.950

Y ^ I M M . INC.

I.D.
(inches)
.062
.078
.088
.120
.151
.205
.229
.303
.370
.495
.560

Freq. Range 0.1 MHz - 2. MHz


Hgt.
(inches)
.050
.060
.070
.096
.128
.128
.159
.190
.190
.250
.312
.437
.437
.570

'e
(cm)
.74
.95
1.15
1.50
1.83
2.32
2.67
3.03
4.24
5.15
6.00
6.50
8.29
10.05

A,
(cm)2
.010
.016
.025
.042
.065
.070
.107
.121
.196
.242
.385
.690
.730
1.140

Freq. Range 20 MHz - 200 MHz


Hgt.
(inches)
.050
.060
.070
.096
.128
.128
.159
.190
.190
.250
.312

'e
(cm)

A,
(cm)2

.75
.95
1.15
1.50
1.83
2.30
2.67
3.03
4.24
5.14
6.00

.010
.016
.025
.042
.065
.070
.107
.121
.196
.231
.385

C o l o r - Red & White


(cm)3
.007
.015
.029
.063
.119
.162
.286
.367
.831
1.246
2.310
4.485
6.052
11.457

AL Value
/ih/100 turns
50
55
65
85
93
90
160
135
180
170
200
345
250
360

C o l o r - Blue & Yellow


V*

(cm)3
.008
.014
.026
.055
.110
.147
.266
.358
.759
1.190
2.310

AT Value
/I h/100 turns
7.5
8.0
10.0
12.0
16.0
15.0
18.5
18.0
21.0
32.0
32.0

See AC Line Filter and DC Choke section.


240 Briqqs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163

1-7

IRON-POWDER TOROIDAL CORES Q-CURVES

-.i

IRON - POWDER MATERIAL vs.

FREQUENCY RANGE

Hiaher Q will be obtained in the upper portion of a materials frequency range when
smaller cores are used. Likewise, in the lower portion of a materials Frequency range,
higher Q can be achieved when using the larger cores.
Material
(Gray)
* 15 (Rd & Wh)

* 1 (Blue)
/

#2
#

(Red)

6 (Yellow)

* 10 (Black)
* 12 (Gn & Wh)
#0

(Tan)

Freq. (MHz)

AM

I DON,

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

also *X7,

Blue & Ye I

I
.05

INC.

.1

.5

1.

3.

5.

10

30

50

100

200

300

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-8

IRON-POWDER TOROIDAL CORES Q-CURVES


Physical Dimension
Core

OD

ID

HGT

T-12
T-16
T- 20
T- 25
T- 30
T- 37
T- 44
T- 50
T- 68
T- 80
T- 94
T-106

(in)
.125
.160
.200
.250
.307
.375
.440
.500
.690
.795
.942
1.060

(in)
.062
.078
.088
.120
.151
.205
.229
.300
.370
.495
.560
.570

(in)
.050
.060
.070
.096
.128
.128
.159
.190
.190
.250
.312
.437

Mean
Igth.
(cm)
.75
.95
1.15
1.50
1.83
2.32
2.67
3.20
4.24
5.15
6.00
6.50

Cross
sect.
(cm2)
.010
.016
.025
.042
.065
.070
.107
.121
.196
.242
.385
.690

Core

OD

ID

HGT

T-130
T-157
T-184
T-200
T-200A
T-225
T-225A
T-300
T-300A
T-400
T-400A
T-500

(in)
1.30
1.57
1.84
2.00
2.00
2.25
2.25
3.00
3.00
4.00
4.00
5.20

(in)
.78
.95
.95
1.25
1.25
1.40
1.40
1.92
1.92
2.25
2.25
3.08

(in)
.437
.570
.710
.550
1.000
.550
1.000
.500
1.000
.650
1.000
.800

Mean
igth.
(cm)
8.29
10.05
11.12
12.97
12.97
14.56
14.56
19.83
19.83
24.93
24.93
33.16

Cross
sect.
(cm2)
.73
1.14
2.04
1.33
2.42
1.50
2.73
1.81
3.58
3.66
7.43
5.46

A Values (nh/100 turns)


For complete part number, add Mix number to Core Size number.
3 Mix
26 Mix
Yel-Wh
Gray
/i=35
u=75
Mhz PwrFrq .05-0.5
60
na
T- 1261
145
T- 16180
76
T- 20235
100
T- 25325
140
T- 30120
275
T- 37180
360
T- 44175
320
T- 50195
420
T- 68180
450
T- 80248
590
T- 94450
900
T-106350
785
T-130420
970
T-157720
1640
T-184425
895
T-200760
1550
T-200A424
950
T-225na
1600
T-225Ana
800
T-300na
1600
T-300Ana
1300
T-400na
2600
T-400Ana
1460
T-520Core
Size

15 Mix
Rd-Wh
H=25

0.1 -2.
50
55
65
85
93
90
160
135
180
170
200
345
250
360
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na

1 Mix
Blue

2 Mix
Red

H=2Q

0.5-5.
48
44
52
70
85
80
105
100
115
115
160
325
200
320
500
250
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na

2-30
20
22
27
34
43
40
52
49
57
55
84
135
110
140
240
120
218
120
215
114
228
185
360
207

7 Mix 6 Mix
White Yellow
^=9
H=8
1 -25 10-50
17
18
19
na
22
24
27
29
36
37
30
32
42
46
40
43
47
52
45
50
70
na
116
133
96
103
115
na
195
na
100
105
180
na
100
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na

10 Mix
Black

50-200

17 Mix
Bl/Ylw
/z=4
40-180

7.5
8.0
10.0
12.0
16.0
15.0
18.5
18.0
21.0
22.0
32.0
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na

7.5
8.0
10.0
12.0
16.0
15.0
18.5
18.0
21.0
22.0
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na

12 Mix
Grn-Wh

H=6

30-100
12
13
16
19
25
25
33
31
32
32
" 58
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na

0 Mix
Tan
/i=1
100-300
3.0
3.0
3.5
4.5
6.0
4.9
6.5
6.4
7.5
8.5
10.6
19.0
15.0
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na

na - not available.

AM

DON,

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-9

COPPER WIRE TABLE


Wire size
AWG

8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40

Diameter
in inches
(enamel)

Circular
mil area

Turns per
linear inch

.1285
.1019
.0808
.0640
.0508
.0403
.0319
.0253
.0201
.0159
.0126
.0100
.0079
.0063
.0050
.0039
.0031

16510
10380
6530
4107
2583
1624
1022
642
404
254
160
101
63
40
25
16
10

7.6
10.7
12.0
15.0
18.9
23.6
29.4
37.0
46.3
58.0
72.7
90.5
113.0
141.0
175.0
224.0
382.0

Continuous
duty, (amp)
conduit or in
wire bundles
46.0
33.0
23.0
17.0
13.0
10.0
7.5
5.0

Continuous
duty current
(amp) single
wire, open air
73
55
41
32
22
16
11

Turns
per
sq.cm

13.8
21.7
34.1
61.2
79.1
124.0
186.0
294.0
465.0
728.0
1085.0
1628.0
2480.0
3876.0
5736.0
10077.0

IRON POWDER CORE SIZE vs. TURNS and WIRE SIZE


Approximate number of turns for full single layer winding
Awg wire 10
Core Size
T-12
T-16
T-20
T-25
T-30
T-37
T-44
T-50
T-68
T-80
T-94
T-106
T-130
T-157
T-184
T-200
T-225
T-300
T-400
T-520

AM

12

14

0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
5
3
6
3
5
8
5
6
7
9 12
8
12 17
14 20
10
10
14 20
17 23 30
22 29 38
22
29 38
31 41 53
36 46 60
5?
66 85
61 79 100
86 110 149

I DON.

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

18

20

22

24

26

28

30

32

34

36

38

40

1
1,
1
1
1
3
4
3
4
5
7
9
7
10
11
16
21
15
23
30
35
27
27
35
51
40
64
50
64
50
86
68
77
98
108 137
127 161
160 223

1
3
4
5
7
12
15
21
28
39
45
45
66
82
82
109
123
172
202
279

2
3
5
7
11
17
20
28
36
51
58
58
83
104
104
139
156
217
255
349

4
5
6
11
15
23
27
37
47
66
75
75
107
132
132
176
198
274
322
443

5
8
9
15
21
31
35
49
61
84
96
96
137
168
168
223
250
347
407
559

8
11
14
21
28
41
46
63
79
108
123
123
173
213
213
282
317
438
513
706

11
16
18
28
37
53
60
81
101
137
156
156
220
270
270
357
400
553
648
889

15
21
25
37
48
67
76
103
127
172
195
195
275
336
336
445
499
688
806
1105

21
29
33
48
62
87
97
131
162
219
248
248
348
426
426
562
631
870
1018
1396

29
38
43
62
78
110
124
166
205
276
313
313
439
536
536
707
793
1093
1278
1753

37
49
56
79
101
140
157
210
257
347
393
393
550
672
672
886
993
1368
1543
2192

47
63
72
101
129
177
199
265
325
438
496
496
693
846
846
1115
1250
1721
2013
2758

16

INC.

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-35

IRON-POWDER TOROIDAL CORES Q-CURVES


TYPICAL 'Q' CURVES
various windings, same core

*
1
*I
j

1
Typical curves resulting from various windings on the same core.
Iiir
220
Test Core:
T-50-6
210

200
19-t
190

Q
180
170
160
11

13

15

L(uh
1.63
2.64
4.72
7.20
14.40
25.20
31.40
IL
17
19

1
i

i
*
t
%
*
i

\
\
i

\
I

i
*

1
4
i

Inductance charts are g i v e n later on in t h i s


booklet which will help you choose a core for a
specific inductance. Since the charts are in
increments of ten turns, a more precise turnsc o u n t can be c a l c u l a t e d w i t h t h e t u r n s vs.
inductance equation once the core has been
selected.

The above chart shows typical Q curves resulting


from a number of various windings on the same
toroidal core.
The next several pages contain a number of Q
curves which were measured and plotted from
actual windings.

AM

DON,

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-11

IRON-POWDER TOROIDAL CORES

Q-CURVES

co

AM

I DON,

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

co

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-12

IRON-POWDER TOROIDAL CORES

A M I ^ N ^

Q-CURVES

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-18

INDUCTANCE CHARTS

(Iron Powder Toroids)

IRON POWDER TOROIDAL CORES


MATERIAL #0

Inductance (^h) vs. Size, Material and Number of Turns

Turns

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

Size
T-106
T-94
T-80
T-68
T-50
T-37
T-25
T-20
T-16
T-12

.19
.10
.08
.07
.06
.05
.04
.03
.03
.03

.76
.40
.34
.30
.26
.20
.18
.14
.12

1.70
.90
.77
.67
.57
.44
.41

3.0
1.7
1.4
1.2
1.0
.7

4.8
2.7
2.1
1.9
1.6
1.2

6.8
3.8
3.0
2.7
2.3

9.3
5.2
4.2
3.7
3.1

12.0
6.8
5.4
4.8
4.1

15.0
8.6
6.9
6.0

19.0
10.0
8.5
7.5

23
13
10

27
15
12

32
18
14

37
21

IRON POWDER TOROIDAL CORES


MATERIAL #1

Inductance (^h) vs. Size, Material and Number of Turns

Turns

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

Size
T-106
T-94
T-80
T-68
T-50
T-37
T-25
T-20
T-16
T-12

3.2
1.6
1.2
1.2
1.0
.8
.7
.5
.4
.4

13.0
6.4
4.6
4.6
4.0
3.2
2.8
2.0
1.7

29
14
10
10
9
7
6

52
25
18
18
16
13

81
40
28
28
25
20

117
57
41
41
36

159
78
56
56
49

208
102
73
73
64

263
130
93
93

325
160
115
115

393
194
139
139

468
230
166
166

549
270
194
194

637
304

IRON POWDER TOROIDAL CORES


MATERIAL #2

Inductance (/Jh) vs. Size, Material and Number of Turns

Turns

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

Size
T-106
T-94
T-80
T-68
T-50
T-37
T-25
T-20
T-16
T-12

1.4
.8
.6
.6
.5
.4
.3
.3
.2
.1

5
3
2
2
2
2
1
1

12
8
5
5
2
4
3

22
13
9
9
8
6

34
21
14
15
12
10

49
30
20
21
18

66
41
27
29
24

86
54
35
38
31

109
68
45
48

135
84
55
59

163
101
66

194
120
79

228
131
93

265
142

AM

DON.

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-24

INDUCTANCE CHARTS

(Iron Powder Toroids)

IRON POWDER TOROIDAL CORES


MATERIAL #3

Inductance (//h) vs. Size, Material and Number of Turns

Turns

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

Size
T-106
T-94
T-80
T-68
T-50
T-37
T-25
T-20
T-16
T-12

5
2
2
3
2
1
1
.9
.6
.6

18
10
7
8
7
5
4
4
2

41
22
16
18
16
9
9

72
40
29
31
26

113
62
45
49
44

182
89
65
70
63

221
121
88
96
86

288
159
115
125
112

365
200
146
158

450
248
180
185

545
300
218

648
357
259

761
419
304

882
486

IRON POWDER TOROIDAL CORES


Inductance (f.zh) vs. Size, Material and Number of Turns

MATERIAL #6
Turns

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

Size
T-106
T-94
T-80
T-68
T-50
T-37
T-25
T-20
T-16
T-12

1.1
.7
.5
.5
.4
.4
.3
.2
.2
.1

5.0
3.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.0
1.0
.8

10
6
4
4
3
3
2
1

19
11
7
7
6
5

30
18
11
11
10
7

42
25
16
17
14

57
34
22
23
20

74
45
29
30
26

94
57
36
38

116
70
45
47

140
85
54

167
100
64

196
118
76

227
137

IRON POWDER TOROIDAL CORES


MATERIAL #10

Inductance (/ih) vs. Size, Material and Number of Turns

Turns

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

Size
T-94
T-80
T-68
T-50
T-37
T-25
T-20
T-16
T-12

.6
.3
.3
.3
.3
.2
.1
.1
.1

2
1
1
1
1
.8
.6
.5

5
3
2
3
2
2

9
5
5
5
4

15
8
8
8
6

21
12
12
11

28
16
16
15

37
21
20
20

47
27
26

58
33
32

70
40

84
48

98
54

113

AM

DON.

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-25

INDUCTANCE CHARTS

(Iron Powder Toroids)

IRON POWDER TOROIDAL CORES


Inductance (/ih) vs. Size, Material and Number of Turns

MATERIAL #15
Turns

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

Size
T-106
T-94
T-80
T-68
T-50
T-37
T-25
T-20
T-16
T-12

4
2
2
2
1
1
1
.5
.5
.5

14
8
7
7
5
4
3
3
3

31
18
15
16
12
8
8

55
32
27
29
22
14

86
50
43
45
34
23

124
72
61
65
49

169
98
83
88
66

221
128
109
115
86

279
162
138
146

345
200
170
180

417
242
206

497
288
245

583
338
287

676
392

IRON POWDER TOROIDAL CORES


Inductance (/ih) vs. Size, Material and Number of Turns

MATERIAL #17
Turns

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

Size
T-94
T-80
T-68
T-50
T-37
T-25
T-20
T-16
T-12

.3
.2
.2
.2
.1
.1
.1
.08
.07

1
.8
.8
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3

3
2
2
2
1
1

5
4
3
3
2

8
6
5
5
4

12
6
7
7

16
11
10
9

20
14
13
12

30
18
17

32
22
21

39
27

46
32

54
37

63

IRON POWDER TOROIDAL CORES


Inductance (^h) vs. Size, Material and Number of Turns

MATERIAL #26

120

130

140

Turns

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

Size
T-106
T-94
T-80
T-68
T-50
T-37

9
6
5
4
3
2.7

36
24
18
17
13
11

81
53
41
38
29
25

144
94
72
67
51
44

245
148
113
105
80
69

324
212
162
151
115
135

441
289
221
206
157
176

576
378
288
269
205
223

729
478
365
340
259

900
590
450
420
320

089 1296 1521 1764


714 850 997 1156
545 648 761 882
508 605 710 823
387 461 541 627

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1-26

INDUCTANCE CHART
LARGE SIZE IRON POWDERS
LARGE CORES
Turns

Inductance (juh) vs. Size, Material and Number of Turns


10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

26
4
13
2
16
2
8
1
16
2
10
1
4
1
16
5
2
5
2
9
3
1
4
1
16
5
2
7
2
10
3
1
4
1
4
8
2
1
4
1
3

104
14
53
7
64
9
33
5
64
9
38
5
17
4
62
18
9
18
7
36
10
5
17
4
66
20
10
29
8
34
13
6
17
5
14
31
8
4
13
4
10

324
32
119
17
144
20
74
10
144
19
86
11
38
9
136
41
19
41
16
81
23
11
38
9
148
45
22
65
18
87
29
13
38
10
32
71
18
10
36
9
23

416
57
211
27
256
36
132
18
256
34
152
19
68
16
248
73
35
74
29
143
40
19
68
16
262
80
38
115
31
155
51
22
67
18
58
126
32
18
56
15
40

650
90
330
46
400
57
06
29
400
54
238
30
106
25
388
114
55
115
45
224
63
30
106
25
410
125
60
180
49
243
80
35
105
29
90
196
50
28
88
24
63

936
130
475
67
576
82
297
41
576
77
342
43
153
36
558
164
78
165
65
322
90
43
153
36
590
180
86
259
70
349
115
50
151
41
130
283
72
40
127
35
90

1274
176
646
91
784
118
404
56
784
105
466
59
208
49
760
223
107
225
88
439
123
59
208
49
804
245
118
353
96
475
157
69
206
56
176
385
98
54
172
47
123

1664
230
845
118
1024
146
528
74
1024
138
608
79
272
64
992
291
140
294
115
573
160
79
272
64
1049
320
154
461
125
621
205
90
269
74
230
502
128
70
224
61
160

2106
292
1069
150
1296
185
668
93
1296
174
770
97
344
81
1256
369
177
373
146
725
203
97
344
81
1328
405
194
583
158
786
259
113
340
93
292
636
162
89
284
78
203

2600
360
1320
185
1600
228
825
115
1600
215
950
120
425
100
1550
455
218
460
180
895
250
120
425
100
1640
500
240
720
195
970
320
140
420
115
360
785
200
110
350
96
250

3146
436
1597
224
1936
276
998
139
1936
276
1150
145
514
121
1875
551
264
557
218
1082
303
145
514
121
1984
605
290
871
236
1174
387
169
508
139
436
950
242
133
424
116
303

3744
518
1900
266
2304
328
188
166
2304
310
1368
173
612
144
2418
655
314
662
259
1289
360
173
612
144
2362
720
396
1039
281
1397
461
202
605
166
518
1130
288
158
504
138
360

4394
608
2231
313
2704
385
1394
194
2704
385
1607
203
718
169
2619
764
368
777
304
1513
423
203
718
169
2772
845
406
1217
330
1639
541
237
710
194
608
1327
334
186
592
162
423

Core Number
T-400A-26
T-400A-2
T-400-26
T-400-2
T-300A-26
T-300A-2
T-300-26
T-300-2
T-225A-26
T-225A-2
T-225-26
T-225-2
T-225-3
T-225-6
T-200A-26
T-200A-1
T-200A-2
T-200A-3
T-200A-6
T-200-26
T-200-1
T-200-2
T-200-3
T-200-6
T-184-26
T-184-1
T-184-2
T-184-3
T-184-6
T-157-26
T-157-1
T-157-2
T-157-3
T-157-6
T-157-15
T-130-26
T-130-1
T-130-2
T-130-3
T-130-6
T-130-15

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1-27

IRON POWDER SHIELDED COIL FORMS


Adjustable / Slug Tuned

L-43 Coil Forms (Specify material)


L-43
Miniature in size
Slug tuning
Copper shield can , tin plated
Easy to wind
Good Q
Frequency range .2 to 200 M H z .
Inductance range .02 to 700 uh.

c
D
U

.44"

JC
CO

<
[

|.50"

.44"

O
f
,27" o

50"

i o

pin spacing

L-43

Part
number

O r
o I
,40"

Frequency
range (MHz)

A l (j/h/100 t)
at max L

L ratio
max to min

Wire

Typical Winding (mid-freq.)


Turns
L(/ih)

Q max

L-43-1

0.30-

1.0

115

1.6-1

3/44

75

42.50

80

L-43-2

1.00-

10.0

98

1.6- 1

9/44

21

4.00

120

L-43-3

0.01 -

0.5

133

1.8-1

3/44

223

600.00

90

L-43-6

10.00-

50.0

85

1.4- 1

26

0.30

30

L-43-10

25.00- 100.0

72

1.3-1

24

0.14

150

L-43-17

50.00 - 200.0

56

1.2-1

22

0.05

200

Solid magnet wire may be substituted for the Litz wire, but somewhat lower Q may result.
Most efficient when tuning slug is set at maximum L.
For Tuning flexibility calculate so that slug will be
about 90% maximum L when at operating frequency.

A M I Q ^ N I ^

)nc

/
desired 'L' (uh)
Turns = 100 ^ '
V 9 0 % A] - ^h/100 turns)

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-29

IRON-POWDER TOROIDAL CORES Q-CURVES


FOR
DC CHOKES and AC LINE FILTERS

For many years Iron Powder has been used as


t h e c o r e m a t e r i a l f o r RF i n d u c t o r s a n d
transformers when stability and high 'Q' are of
primary concern. Because of the growing need
for energy storage inductors for noise filtering,
new materials have been developed for these
applications

In 60 Hz. l i n e f i l t e r a p p l i c a t i o n s , t h e h i g h
frequency to be filtered falls into two categories:
(1) C o m m o n - m o d e noise and (2) Differentialm o d e noise. The c o m m o n - m o d e noise is in
relation to earth ground and is c o m m o n to both
l i n e s . D i f f e r e n t i a l m o d e n o i s e is t h e n o i s e
between the two lines.

High 'Q' inductors are no longer required, in fact


low 'Q' actually helps in damping high frequency
oscillations. The #26 Iron Powder material is
ideally s u i t e d f o r these a p p l i c a t i o n s since it
combines low 'Q', good frequency response, and
high energy capabilities.

The C o m m o n - m o d e n o i s e f i l t e r is u s u a l l y
constructed on a high permeability ferrite type
core w i t h a bifilar type w i n d i n g . This type of
winding allows the 60 Hz. flux generated by each
line to cancel w i t h i n the core, t h u s a v o i d i n g
saturation. If the #26 Iron Powder material were
to be used, the large core size necessary to
accommodate the required number of wire turns
for the required inductance makes this option
unattractive.

Energy storage , expressed in microjoules, is


calculated by multiplying one-half the inductance
in ph times the current in amperes squared. The
amount of energy that can be stored in a given
inductor is limited either by saturation of the
core material or temperature rise of the wound
unit, resulting in copper loss and/or core loss.

The D i f f e r e n t i a l - m o d e filters must be able to


s u p p o r t a s i g n i f i c a n t a m o u n t of 60 Hz. f l u x
without saturating.
The AC s a t u r a t i o n
characteristics of the #26 material (Fig. B) and
core loss information (Fig. C) can be seen on the
f o l l o w i n g page. Notice how the permeability
initially increases with AC excitation. This effect
a l l o w s g r e a t e r e n e r g y s t o r a g e in 60 Hz.
applications.

In t y p i c a l DC c h o k e s , t h e AC r i p p l e f l u x is
n o r m a l l y s m a l l in c o m p a r i s o n to t h e DC
component. Since the DC flux does not generate
core loss, our p r i m a r y concern becomes
saturation and copper loss. The DC saturation
characteristics of the #26 material are shown in
Fig. A on the following page.

Energy storage curves have been developed for


line f i l t e r a p p l i c a t i o n s as s h o w n on t h e 3 r d
following page. The energy storage limit table
is now taking.into account both the core and the
copper loss. In order to guarantee a m i n i m u m
inductance over a wide current range, the design
engineer may w i s h to calculate the required
turns based on the listed AL value of the core.

U s i n g t h i s i n f o r m a t i o n , DC e n e r g y s t o r a g e
curves have been developed and presented in
the chart on the 2 n d following page. A table of
energy storage l i m i t s vs. t e m p e r a t u r e rise is
included in the chart. The table at the bottom of
the page is for single layer winding.

AM

DON,

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-18

CORES FOR DC CHOKES A N D AC LINE FILTERS


Color - Yellow & White
AL Value
(cm)3
/ih/100 turns
.119
325
.162
275
.286
360
.367
320
.831
420
1.246
450
2.310
590
4.485
900
6.052
785
11.457
970
22.685
1640
17.250
895
29.050
1525
21.956
950
39.749
1600
35.892
800
70.991
1600
91.244
1300
185.280
2600
181.000
1460

Permeabilty 75
DC to 1 MHz (Low 'Q')
MATERIAL 26
I.D.
Core
O.D.
Hgt.
'e
(cm)2
(inches)
(cm)
number
(inches)
(inches)
.065
.151
.128
1.83,
T-30-26
.307
.070
.205
2.32
T-37-26
.375
.128
.107
.229
2.67
T-44-26
.440
.159
.121
3.03
T-50-26
.500
.303
.190
4.24
.196
T-68-26
.370
.190
.690
.242
5.15
T-80-26
.495
.250
.795
.385
.312
6.00
.942
.560
T-94-26
.690
.437
6.50
.570
T-106-26
1.060
8.29
.730
.437
.780
T-130-26
1.300
1.140
10.05
.950
.570
T-157-26
1.570
11.12
2.040
.710
1.840
.950
T-184-26
12.97
1.330
.550
T-200-26
2.000
1.250
12.97
2.240
1.000
2.000
1.250
T-200A-26
14.56
1.508
1.405
.550
T-225-26
2.250
2.730
1.000
14.56
2.250
1.485
T-225A-26
1.810
1.925
.500
19.83
3.058
T-300-26
3.580
19.83
1.925
1.000
T-300A-26
3.048
3.660
24.93
2.250
.650
T-400-26
4.000
7.432
1.300
24.93
4.000
2.250
T-400A-26
33.16
5.460
3.080
.800
T-520-26
5.200
26 MATERIAL
Percent initial permeability vs.

FllunA

DC magnetizing force.

CORE LOSS

vf

AC FLUX

10,000-p

DENSITY

26 MATERIAL

V
350Z
>-
z

W 30 .

H - DC magnetizing force (oersteds)


N = Number of turns
I = DC current (amperes
Eff. magnetic path length (cm)

20<
10

b
H - DC MAGNETZ
IN
I G FOUCE IOuMI
miii

in

200

iiiini

26 MATERIAL
Percent initial permeability vs.

A C flux density

I I II
E x 101
2503
<

4 . 4 4 x A x N x f
B = A C flux density (gauss)
E = RMS voltage (volts)
A = Eff. cross-sect, area (cm )
N = Number of turns
100

f = Frequency (Hertz)

I DON.

500

1000

2000

AC FLUX DENSITY

5000

200
MO
AC FLUX DENST
IY (Gaua)

AM

200

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

5000

(Gaim)

10.000

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1-35

10,000

POWER CONSIDERATIONS

(Iron Powder and Ferrite)

How large a core is needed to handle a certain


amount of power? This is a question often asked.
Unfortunately, there is no simple answer.

above 100 KHz. A core that works well at 2 MHz.


may very well burn up at 30 MHz. with the same
amount of drive.

There are several factors involved such as: cross


sectional area of the core, core material, turns
count, and of course the variables of applied
voltage and operating frequency.

Core saturation, a secondary cause of coil failure,


is affected by both AC and DC signals. Saturation
w i l l decrease t h e p e r m e a b i l i t y of t h e core
causing it to have impaired performance or to
become inoperative. The safe operating total
flux density level for most Ferrite materials is
t y p i c a l l y 2000 g a u s s , w h i l e I r o n P o w d e r
materials can tolerate up to 5000 gauss without
significant saturation effects.

Overheating of the coil will usually take place


long before s a t u r a t i o n in m o s t a p p l i c a t i o n s
above 100 KHz. N o w the q u e s t i o n becomes
' H o w l a r g e a core m u s t I have to p r e v e n t
overheating at a given frequency and power
level?

Iron P o w d e r cores ( l o w p e r m e a b i l i t y ) are


superior to the Ferrite material cores for high
power inductors for this reason: fewer turns will
be required by the Ferrite type core for a given
inductance. W h e n the same v o l t a g e d r o p is
applied across a decreased number of turns, the
flux density will increase accordingly. In order to
prevent the flux density from increasing when
fewer turns are used, the flux drive will have to
be decreased.

Overheating can be caused by both wire and


core material losses. Wire heating is affected by
both DC and AC currents, while core heating is
affected only by the AC content of the signal.
With a normal sinewave signal above 100 KHz,
both the Iron Powder and Ferrite type cores will
first be affected by overheating caused by core
losses, rather than saturation.

Either core material can be used for transformer


a p p l i c a t i o n s but both w i l l have ' t r a d e - o f f s ' .
Ferrite type cores will require fewer turns, will
give more impedance per turn and will couple
better, w h e r e a s t h e Iron Powder cores w i l l
require more turns, will give less impedance per
turn, w i l l not couple as well but w i l l tolerate
more power and are more stable.

The extrapolated AC flux density limits (see table


below) can be used for BOTH Iron Powder and
F e r r i t e t y p e c o r e s as a g u i d e l i n e to a v o i d
excessive h e a t i n g . These f i g u r e s may v a r y
slightly according to the type of the material
being used.
O p e r a t i n g f r e q u e n c y is one of t h e m o s t
important factors concerning power capability
Frequency:
AC Flux Den.

AM

I DON.

100 KHz
500 gauss

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

1 MHz
150 gauss

7 MHz
57 gauss

14 MHz
42 gauss

21 MHz
36 gauss

28 MHz
30 gauss

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-35

POWER CONSIDERATIONS ( c o n t ' )


The equation for determining the maximum flux density of a given toroidal core is as follows:
E p k = applied RMS volts
8

Bn

A e = cross-sect, area (cm 2 )


= number of wire turns

E x io
4.44 x A e x N x F

= frequency (Hertz)

The safety factor may be increased by using the peak AC voltage in the equation.
practice among many RF engineers who design broadband RF power transformers.

This is a standard

The above equation may be changed as shown below to make it more convenient during calculations of
B m a x at radio frequencies.
E p k = applied RMS volts
A e = cross-sect, area (cm 2 )

4.44 x A e x N x F

= number of wire turns

= frequency (MHz)

The sample calculation below is based on a frequency of 7 MHz, a peak voltage of 25 volts and a primary
winding of 15 turns. The cross-sectional area of the sample core is 0.133 cm 2 . From previous guidelines
we know that the maximum flux density at 7 MHz should be not more than 57 gauss.

Bmax=

25 x 100
4.44x0.133x 1 5 x 7

.._
"

40 3 gaUSS

This hypothetical toroid core will have a flux density of 40 gauss according to the above formula and
when operated under the above conditions. This is well within the guidelines as suggested above.
Temperature rise can be the result of using an undersized wire gauge for the amount of current involved
as well as magnetic action within the core. Both will contribute to the overall temperature rise of the
transformer. This can be calculated with the following equation:

Temperature Rise (C) =

Total Power Dissipation (Milliwatts)


Available Surface Area (cm 2 )

.833

If the operating temperature (ambient temperature + temperature rise) is more than 100C when used
intermittently, or more than 75C if used continuously, a larger size core and/or a heavier gauge wire
should be selected.

AM

I DON.

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-35

IRON POWDER CORE LOSS CHARACTERISTICS


The f o l l o w i n g f o r m u l a p r o v i d e s a r e a s o n a b l e
approximation for the temperature rise of a core
in free standing air.

The Iron Powder Q-curves section of this booklet


can be v e r y u s e f u l f o r d e s i g n i n g high-Q, l o w
power inductors and transformers, but additional
c o n s i d e r a t i o n m u s t be g i v e n to higher p o w e r
applications.

Temperature Rise (C) =


" T o t a l Power Dissipation (Milliwatts) ~l
Available Surface Area (cm 2 )

Excessive t e m p e r a t u r e rise due to Iron Powder


core loss at high frequencies w i l l occur before
s a t u r a t i o n and is usually the p r i m a r y l i m i t i n g
factor in the operation of an Iron Powder core
inductor at high frequency.

833

T h e s u r f a c e a r e a of a t o r o i d i n c r e a s e s at
a p p r o x i m a t e l y a squared rate w i t h the outside
d i a m e t e r , w h i l e t h e v o l u m e i n c r e a s e s at
approximately a cubed rate. The result is that a
small diameter core can dissipate m o r e power
per unit volume than a larger diameter core for
the same temperature rise.

The f o l l o w i n g charts show core loss information


in m i l l i w a t t s p e r c u b i c c e n t i m e t e r of c o r e
material as a function of peak AC flux density for
various frequencies. The Faraday Law is used to
calculate the peak AC flux density. The effective
cross-sectional area and v o l u m e for each core
size can be f o u n d on p r e v i o u s pages of t h i s
booklet.

Each of the three f o l l o w i n g g r a p h s s h o w core


loss results in milliwatts per cubic centimeter as
a f u n c t i o n of f r e q u e n c y a n d AC f l u x d e n s i t y .
These can be u s e f u l in p r o j e c t i n g losses f o r
frequencies not shown.

2000

1000

u
I
J
I
tfi

4)

O
U

50

100

200

500

1000

10000

B - Peak AC Flux Density (Gauss)

AM

I DON.

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-35

POWDER DISSIPATION vs. TEMPERATURE RISE

Power dissipation (mw/cc)as a function of temperature rise

Power rating for 25C


temperature rise due to core loss.
No. 2 material, frequency 1 MHz.

10 C

25 C

40 C

Core Size

T-30
T-37
T-44

400
412
310

1148
1170
884

2026
2065
1556

T-30
T-37
T-44

24
26
37

T-50
T-68
T-80

307
234
212

874
664
602

1535
1167
1056

T-50
T-68
T-80

49
88
125

T-94
T-106
T-130

160
114
117

454
322
331

802
566
582

T-94
T-106
T-130

160
236
331

T-157
T-200
T-300
T-400

94
87
62
43

266
260
186
130

468
436
327
228

T-157
T-200
T-300
T-400

515
794
1127
2108

Core Size

Watts

Additional information about power dissipation upon request

PROPERTY CHART - IRON POWDER


Iron
Powder
Material

Basic Iron
Powder

0
1
2
3
6
7
10
12
15
17
26

Phenolic
CarbonylC
Carbonyl E
Carbonyl HP
Carbonyl SF
Carbonyl TH
Carbonyl W
Synthetic Oxide
Carbonyl GS6
Carbonyl
Special

Material
Permeability na

1
20
10
35
8
9
6
4
25
4
75

Temperature
Stability
(ppm/C)
0
280
95
370
35
30
150
170*
190
50
882

Resonant Circuit
Frequency Range
(MHz)

Color
Code

100.0-300.0
0.5 - 5.0
2.0 - 30.0
0.05 - 0.5
10.0-50.0
5.0 - 35.0
30.0- 100.0
50.0 - 200.0
0.10-2.0
50.00 - 200.0
LF filters, chokes

Tan
Blue
Red
Grey
Yellow
White
Black
Green/White
Red/White
Blue/Yellow
Yellow/White

* Non Linear
Material # 1 7 has been developed as a temperature stable alternative to the #12.
Frequency ranges shown are for best 'Q'. Useful over broader frequency range with lower 'Q'.

A M I D ^ N L ^

nc

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-41

SECTION II: FERRITE CORES


stability and high 'Q' factors for the 500 KHz to
100 MHz frequency range. They are well suited
for low power, high inductance resonant circuits.
Their low permeability factors make them useful
for wide band transformer applications as well.

Ferrite Cores are available in numerous sizes


and several permeabilities. Their permeability
range is f r o m 20 to more than 15,000. They are
very useful for resonant circuit applications as
well as wideband transformers and they are also
c o m m o n l y used f o r RFI a t t e n u a t i o n . We can
supply sizes f r o m 0.23 inches to 2.4 inches in
outer diameter directly f r o m stock.

The
Manganese
Zinc
ferrites,
having
p e r m e a b i l i t i e s a b o v e 800
have f a i r l y l o w
volume resistivity and moderate saturation flux
density. They can offer high 'Q' factors for the 1
KHz to 1 MHz frequency range. Cores f r o m this
group of materials are widely used for switched
mode power conversion transformers operating
in the 20 KHz to 100 KHz frequency range. These
cores are also very useful for the attenuation of
u n w a n t e d RF noise s i g n a l s i n t h e f r e q u e n c y
range of 20 MHz to 400 MHz and above.

Ferrite toroidal cores are well suited for a variety


of RF circuit applications and their relatively high
permeability factors make them especially useful
for high inductance values with a m i n i m u m
number of turns, resulting in smaller component
size.
There are t w o basic ferrite material groups: (1)
Those having a permeability range f r o m 20 t o
800 ^ are of the Nickel Zinc class, and (2) those
having permeabilities above 800 ^ are usually of
the Manganese Zinc class.

A list of Ferrite t o r o i d s , i n c l u d i n g physical


dimensions, A L values, and magnetic properties
w i l l be f o u n d on the next f e w pages. Use the
given AL value and the e q u a t i o n b e l o w t o
calculate a turn count for a specific inductance.

The Nickel Zinc f e r r i t e c o r e s e x h i b i t h i g h


volume resistivity, moderate temperature

, ddees si ri er ed d ' L ' ( mm


h)
< n)
=-,000a /
(mh/1000 turns)

N = number of turns

L(mh) =

A x N2
1,000,000

L = inductance (mh)

A L (mh/1000 turns)

, 1,000,000 x ' L ' ( m h )


N^

AT = inductance index (mh)/1000 turns)

To improve voltage breakdown, coatings of ferrite cores are available for the F, J, W and H materials.
Typical coatings are parylene C, Gray Coating and Black Lacquer. Parylene C coating has a thickness of 0.5
mils to 2 mils w i t h a voltage breakdown of 750V. Gray coating has a thickness of 4 mils to 8 mils with
voltage breakdown of 500V. Black Lacquer coating has a thickness of 0.5 mils to 2 mils with no increase in
voltage breakdown.
All items in this booklet are standard stock items and usually can be shipped i m m e d i a t e l y . Call for
availability of non-stock items.

For standard stocking items of Inductors, Chokes, Transformers and other wound ferrites, please see
section V.

For custom design of Inductors, Chokes, Transformers or Special Coil Windings, please call or fax your
specifications today.

A m i d o n provides engineering designs, prototyping and manufacturing. Low to high volume


production capability with the most competitive pricing.

AMIDON,

INC.HH^AI P.O.BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 - TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

_1

FERRITE MATERIALS
MATERIAL 77 (/v = 2000) Has high saturation
flux density at high temperature. Low core loss
in the 1 KHz to 1 MHz range. For low level power
c o n v e r s i o n and w i d e b a n d t r a n s f o r m e r s .
Extensively used for frequency attenuation from
0.5 MHz to 50 MHz. Available in toroids, pot
cores, E-cores, beads, broadband balun cores
and sleeves. An upgrade of the f o r m e r 72
material. The 72 material is still available in
some sizes, but the 77 material should be used in
all new design.

MATERIAL 33 {/J = 850) A manganese-zinc


material having low volume resistivity. Used for
low frequency antennas in the 1 KHz to 1 MHz
frequency range. Available in rod form only.
MATERIAL 43 (/v = 850) High volume resistivity.
For medium frequency inductors and wideband
transformers up to 50 MHz. Optimum frequency
attenuation from 40 MHz to 400 MHz. Available
in toroidal cores, shield beads, multi-aperture
cores and special shapes for RFI suppression.

MATERIAL 'F' (av = 3000) High saturation flux


density at high t e m p e r a t u r e . For power
c o n v e r s i o n t r a n s f o r m e r s . Good f r e q u e n c y
attenuation 0.5 MHz to 50 MHz. Toroids only.

MATERIAL 61 (p = 125) Offers m o d e r a t e


temperature stability and high 'Q' for frequencies
0.2 MHz to 15. MHz. Useful f o r w i d e b a n d
t r a n s f o r m e r s to 200 MHz and f r e q u e n c y
attenuation above 200 MHz. Available in toroids,
rods, bobbins and multi-aperture cores.

MATERIAL ' J ' / 7 5 {/y = 5000) Low v o l u m e


resistivity and low core loss from 1 KHz to 1
MHz. Used for pulse transformers and low level
wideband transformers. Excellent frequency
attenuation from 0.5 MHz to 20 MHz. Available
in toroidal form and ferrite beads as standard off
the shelf in stock. Also available in pot cores, RM
cores, E & U cores as custom ordered parts with
lead time for delivery.

MATERIAL 63 (/v = 40) For high 'Q' inductors in


the 15 MHz to 25 MHz f r e q u e n c y range.
Available in toroidal form only.
M A T E R I A L ^ - (y = 250) P r i m a r i l y a bead
material h / v i n g high volume resistivity.
Excellent temperature stability and very good
shielding properties above 400 MHz.

MATERIAL K (jv = 290). Used p r i m a r i l y in


transmission line transformers from 1.0 MHz to
50 MHz range. Available from stock in a few sizes
in toroidal form only.

MATERIAL 67 (/y = 40) S i m i l a r to the 63


material. Has greater saturation flux density and
very good temperature stability. For high 'Q'
i n d u c t o r s , (10 MHz to 80 Mhz). W i d e b a n d
transformers to 200 MHz. Toroids only.
MATERIAL 68 {fj = 20) High volume resistivity
and excellent temperature stability. For high Q'
resonant circuits 80 MHz to 180 MHz. For high
frequency inductors. Toroids only.

MATERIAL W (jv = 10,000). High permeability


material used for frequency attenuation from 100
KHz to 1 MHz in EMI/RFI filters. Also used in
broadband transformers. Available in toroidal
form from stock. As custom ordered parts for pot
cores, EP cores, RM cores.

MATERIAL 73 (^ = 2500) Primarily a ferrite bead


material. Has good attenuation properties from 1
MHz through 50 MHz. Available in beads and
some broadband multi-aperture cores.

MATERIAL H (/v = 15,000). High permeability


material used for frequency attenuation under
200 KHz. Also used in broadband transformers.
Available in toroidal form only.

A M I

D O N ,

INC.

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
0

MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF FERRITE MATERIALS


Material type

33

43

61

64

67

68

73

Initial Perm.

800

850

125

250

40

20

2500

Max. Perm.

1380

3000

450

375

125

40

4000

Max Flux den. @


10 oer, (gauss)

2500

2750

2350

2200

3000

2000

4000

Residual Flux
density, (gauss)

1350

1200

1200

1100

1000

1000

1000

1 x 102

1 x 105

1 x 108

1 x 108

1 x 107

1 x 107

1 x 102

.10%

1%

.15%

.15%

.13%

.06%

.80%

3 x 10"6
@ .2 MHz

120 x 10"6
@ 1 MHz

32 x 10"6
@ 2.5 MHz

100 x 10-6
@ 2.5 MHz

150 x 10"6
@ 50 MHz

400 x 10"6
@ 0.1 MHz

7 x 10-6
<S>0.1 MHz

Coercive
Force (Oersteds)

.30

.30

1.6

1.4

3.0

10.

.18

Curie Temp. C

150

130

350

210

500

500

160

Resonant Cir.
Freq. (MHz)

.01 to
1 MHz

.01 to
1 MHz

.20 to
10 MHz

.05 to
4 MHz

10 to
80 MHz

80 to
180 MHz

1 KHz to
1 MHz

Wideband
Freq. (MHz *)

1 to
30 MHz

1 to
50 MHz

10 to
200 MHz

50 to
500 MHz

200 to
1000 MHz

.5 to
30 MHz

.2 to
15 MHz

Attenuation
RF Noise, (MHz)

20 to
80 MHz

30 to
200 MHz

300 to
10,000 MHz

200 to
5,000 MHz

Above
1000 MHz

Above
10,000 MHz

1 to
40MHz

Vol. Resist,
(ohms-cm)

Temp. Coeff.
-20C - 70C
(%/C)

Loss Factor

* Based on low power, small core application. Listed frequencies will be lower with higher power.

'

INC

240

Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
2-3

MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF FERRITE MATERIALS


77

83

Initial Perm.

2000

300

3000

5000

290

10,000

15,000

Max. Perm.

6000

3600

4300

9500

400

20,000

23,000

Max Flux den. @


10 oer, (gauss)

4600

3900

4700

4300

330

4300

4200

Residual Flux
density, (gauss)

1150

3450

900

500

250

800

800

1 x 102

1.5 x 103

1 x 102

1 x 102

20 x 107

.15 x 102

.1 x 102

.25%

.4%

.25%

.4%

.15%

.4%

.4%

4.5 x 10"6
@ 0.1 MHz

50 x 10"6
@ 0.1 MHz

4 x 10"6
@ 0.1 MHz

15 x 10"6
@ 0.1 MHz

28 x 10"6
@ 1 MHz

7 x 10'6
@ 10 KHz

15 x 10"6
@ 10 KHz

Coercive
Force (Oersteds)

.22

.45

.20

.10

.04

.04

Curie Temp. C

200

300

250

140

280

125

120

Resonant Cir.
Freq. (MHz)

1 KHz to
2 MHz

1 KHz to
5 MHz

1 KHz to
1 MHz

1 KHz to
1 MHz

0.1 to
30 MHz

1 KHz to
250 KHz

1 KHz to
150 KHz

Wideband
Freq. (MHz *)

.5 to
30 MHz

1 to
15 MHz

.5 to
30 MHz

1 to
15 MHz

50 to
500 MHz

1 KHz to
1 MHz

1 KHz to
1 MHz

Attenuation
RF Noise, (MHz)

1 to
40 MHz

0.5 to
20 MHz

1 to
20 MHz

0.5 to
10 MHz

200 to
5,000 MHz

100 KHz to
1 MHz

1 KHz to
500 KHz

Material type

Vol. Resist,
(ohms-cm)

Temp. Coeff.
-20C - 70C
(%/C)

Loss Factor

Based on low power, small core application. Listed frequencies will be lower with higher power.

AMID
JTWIAFI INC

240

Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
2-4

FERRITE TOROIDAL CORES


MATERIAL 43
Core
number
FT-23 -43
FT-37 -43
FT-50 -43
FT-50A -43
FT-50B -43
FT-82 -43
FT-114 -43
FT-140 -43
FT-240 -43

Permeability 850
O.D.
(inches)
.230
.375
.500
.500
.500
.825
1.142
1.400
2.400

I.D.
(inches)
.120
.187
.281
.312
.312
.516
.750
.900
1.400

Hgt.
(inches)
.060
.125
.188
.250
.500
.250
.295
.500
.500

'e
(cm)
1.34
2.15
3.02
3.68
3.18
5.26
7.42
9.02
14.80

A
(cm)2
.021
.076
.133
.152
.303
.246
.375
.806
1.610

(cm)3
.029
.163
.401
.559
.963
1.290
2.790
7.280
23.900

MATERIAL 61
Core
number
FT-23 -61
FT-37 -61
FT-50 -61
FT-50 A -61
FT-50B -61
FT-82 -61
FT-114 -61
FT-114A-61
FT-140 -61
FT-240 -61

Permeability 125
O.D.
(inches)
.230
.375
.500
.500
.500
.825
1.142
1,142
1.400
2.400

I.D.
(inches)
.120
.187
.281
.312
.312
.516
.750
.750
.900
1.400

Hgt.
(inches)
.060
.125
.188
.250
.500
.250
.295
.545
.500
.500

'e
(cm)
1.34
2.15
3.02
3.68
3.18
5.26
7.42
7.42
9.02
14.80

A,

(cm)2
.021
.076
.133
.152
.303
.246
.375
.690
.806
1.610

(cm)3
.029
.163
.401
.559
.963
1.290
2.790
5.130
7.280
23.900

MATERIAL 67
1

O.D.
(inches)

FT-23
FT-37
FT-50
FT-50 A
FT-50B
FT-82
FT-114

.230
.375
.500
.500
.500
.825
1.142
1.400
2.400

I.D.
(inches)
.120
.187
.281
.312
,312
.516
.750
.900
1.400

Hgt.
(inches)

(cm)

,060
.125
.188
,250
.500
.250
.295
.500
.500

1.34
2.15
3.02
3.68
3,18
5.26
7.42
9.02
14.80

(cm)2
,021
,076
.133
,152
.303
.246
.375
.806
1.610

V.
(cm) 3
.029
.163
.401
,559
.963
1.290
2.790
7.280
23.900

MATERIAL 68
Core
number
FT-23
FT-37
FT-50
FT-50A
FT-82
FT-114

-68
-68
-68
-68
-68
-68

A M I D ^ N ^

AL Value
mh/1000 turns
24.8
55.3
69.0
75.0
150.0
75.0
80.0
145.0
140.0
171.0

Permeability 40

Core
number
-67
-67
-67
-67
-67
-67
-67
FT-140 -67
FT-240 -67

AL Value
mh/1000 turns
158
350
440
480
965
470
510
885
1075

;4L Value
mh/1000 turns
6.0 Min
18.0
22.0
24.0
48.0
24.0
25.4
45.0
55.0

Permeability 20
O.D.
{inches)
.230
.375
.500
.500
.825
1.142

I.D.
(Inches)
.120
.187
.281
.312
.520
.750

Hgt.
(inches)
.060
.125
.188
.250
.250
.295

'e
(cm)
1.34
2.15
3.02
3.68
5.26
7.42

A*
(cm)2
.021
.076
.133
.152
.246
.375

(cm)3
.029
,163
.401
.559
1,290
2.790

AL Value
mh/1000 turns
4.0
8.8
11,0
12,0
11.7
12.7

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. * TEL. (714) 850-4660 * FAX (714) 850-1163
2-5

FERRITE TOROIDAL CORES


Permeability 2000

M A T E R I A L 77 ( u p g r a d e of t h e 72 m a t e r i a l )
Core
number
FT-23
-77
FT-37
-77
FT-50
-77
FT-50A -77
FT-50B -77
FT-82
-77
FT-114 -77
FT-114A-77
FT-140 -77
FT-240 -77

O.D.
(inches)
.230
.375
.500
.500
.500
.825
1.142
1.142
1.400
2.400

I.D.
(inches)
.120
.187
.281
.312
.312
.520
.750
.750
.900
1.400

Hgt.
(inches)

'e
(cm)

.060
.125
.188
.250
.500
.250
.295
.545
.500
.500

1.34
2.15
3.02
3.68
3.18
5.26
7.42
7.42
9.02
14.40

A,
(cm) 2
.021
.076
.133
.152
.303
.246
.375
.690
.806
1.570

MATERIAL T '
Core
number
FT-87A -F
FT-114 -F
FT-150 -F
FT-150A-F
FT-193 -F
FT-193A-F

FT-23
-J
FT-37
-J
FT-50
-J
FT-50A -J
FT-87
-J
FT-87A -J
FT-114 -J
FT-140A-J
FT-150 -J
FT-150 A-J
FT-193 -J
FT-193A-J
FT-240 -J
FT-337 -J

.029
.163
.401
.559
.963
1.294
2.783
5.120
7.270
22.608

AL Value
mh/1000 turns
396
884
1100
1200
2400
1170
1270
2340
2250
3130

Permeability 3000
O.D.
(inches)
.870
1.142
1.500
1.500
1.932
1.932

I.D.
(inches)
.540
.750
.750
.750
1.250
1.250

Hgt.
(inches)

'e
(cm)

.500
.295
.250
.500
.625
.750

5.42
7.42
8.30
8.30
12.31
12.31

(cm) 2
.315
.375
.591
1.110
1.360
1.620

MATERIAL 'J' (75)


Core
number

(cm) 3

O.D.
(inches)
.230
.375
.500
.500
.870
.870
1.142
1.400
1.500
1.500
1.500
1.932
2.400
3.375

(cm) 3
1.710
2.783
4.905
9.213
16.742
19.942

AL Value
mh/1000 turns
3700
1902
2640
5020
3640
4460

Permeability 5000
I.D.
(inches)
.120
.187
.281
.312
.540
.540
.750
.900
.750
.750
1.250
1.250
1.400
2.187

Hgt.
(inches)

'e
(cm)

A.

(cm) 2

(cm) 3

1.34
.021
.029
2.15
.076
.163
.401
3.02
.133
3.68
.152
.559
1.414
5.42
.261
5.42
.315
1.710
7.42
.375
2.783
9.02
.806
7.270
8.30
.591
4.905
8.30
1.110
9.213
16.742
12.31
1.360
1.620
19.942
12.31
1.570
22.608
14.40
Available on Request Only.

.060
.125
.188
.250
.250
.500
.295
.590
.250
.500
.625
.750
.500
.500

AL Value
mh/1000 turns
990
2110
2750
2990
3020
6040
3170
6736
4400
8370
6065
7435
6845

All items are standard stock. All orders placed by 2:00 pm shipped the same day.

A M I Q ^ N L ^

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 * FAX (714) 850-1163
2-6

FERRITE TOROIDAL CORES


Physical Dimensions - Ferrite Toroids
Core Size
FT-23
FT-37
FT-50
FT-50 -A
FT-50 -B
FT-82
FT-87
FT-87 -A
FT-114
FT-114-A
FT-140
FT-140A
FT-150
FT-150-A
FT-193
FT-193-A
FT-240

OD (inches)
.230
.375
.500
.500
.500
.825
.870
.870
1.142
1.142
1.400
1.400
1.500
1.500
1.932
1.932
2.400

ID (inches)
.120
.187
.281
.312
.312
.520
.540
.540
.750
.750
.900
.900
.750
.750
1.250
1.250
1.400

Hgt (inches)
.060
.125
.188
.250
.500
.250
.250
.500
.295
.545
.500
.590
.250
.500
.625
.750
.500

Mean length (cm)


1.34
2.15
3.02
3.68
3.18
5.26
5.41
5.42
7.42
7.42
9.02
9.00
8.30
8.30
12.31
12.31
14.40

Cross Sect (cm2)


.021
.076
.133
.152
.303
.246
.261
.315
.375
.690
.806
.810
.591
1.110
1.360
1.620
1.570

Volume (cm3)
.029
.163
.401
.559
.963
1.294
1.414
1.710
2.783
5.120
7.270
7.300
4.905
9.213
16.742
19.942
22.608

A l Values (mH/1000 turns) - Ferrite Toroids


For complete part number add mix number to core size below
Material
core size
FT-23
FT-37
FT-50
FT-50AFT-50BFT-82
FT-87
FT-87AFT-114
FT-114A
FT-140FT-150FT-150 A
FT-193FT-193 A
FT-240

>
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(

43
850
188
420
523
570
1140
557
NA
NA
603
NA
952
NA
NA
NA
NA
1240

A M I D O N ,
Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

61
/v=125
24.8
55.3
68.0
75.0
150.0
73.3
NA
NA
79.3
146.0
140.0
NA
NA
NA
NA
173.0

63
Ai=40
7.9
17.7
22.0
24.0
48.0
22.4
NA
NA
25.4
NA
45.0
NA
NA
NA
NA
53.0

67
jy=40
7.8
17.7
22.0
24.0
48.0
22.4
NA
NA
25.4
NA
45.0
NA
NA
NA
NA
53.0

68
/j=20
4.0
8.8
11.0
12.0
12.0
11.7
NA
NA
12.7
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

75
jj=5000
990
2210
2750
2990
NA
3020
NA
NA
3170
NA
6736
NA
NA
NA
NA
6845

77
IJ=2000

356
796
990
1080
2160
1060
NA
NA
1140
NA
2340
NA
NA
NA
NA
3130

F
/j=3000
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
180
3700
1902
NA
NA
2640
5020
* 3640
4460
NA

J
/j=5000
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
3020
6040
3170
NA
6736
* 4400
8370
* 6065
7435
6845

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
2-8

INDUCTANCE-TURNS CHART, FERRITE TOROIDS


MATERIAL #43
turns count >
core number

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

AL*

Inductance in millihenries
FT-23
FT-37

-43

188

.018

.075

.169

.300

.470

.677

.921

1.20

1.52

1.88

-43

420
523

.042

.168
.209

.378
.471

.672
.836

1.050
1.300

1.510
1.880

2.060
2.560

2.69
3.35

3.40
4.24

4.20
5.23

.513
1.030
.503

.912
1.820
.894

1.430
2.850

2.050
4.100

2.790
5.590

3.65
7.30

4.62

5.70
11.4

1.400

2.010

2.740

3.58

4.53

5.59

.543

.965

1.510

2.170

2.950

3.86

4.88

6.03

FT-50
-43
FT-50A -43

.052
.057

FT-50B
FT-82

-43
-43

570
1140
557

.056

.228
.456
.224

FT-114

-43

603

.060

.241

.110

9.23

FT-140

-43

953

.095

.380

.857

1.520

2.380

3.430

4.660

6.09

7.71

9.52

FT-240

-43

1239

.123

.494

1.110

1.970

3.090

4.440

6.050

7.90

9.96

12.3

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

.122
.271

.159
.354

.201
.448

.553

MATERIAL #61
turns count >
core number

Inductance in millihenries
FT-23
FT-37

-61

24.8

.002

.010

.022

.040

.063

.089

-61
-61

55.3

.006
.007

.022

.050

.088

.138

.028

.062

.110

.172

.199
.248

.008

.030

.068

.120

.186

.270

.060

.135
.066

.240
.117

.375
.183

.540
.264

.071

.127

.198

.233
.224

FT-50
FT-50A -61

68.8
75.0

.337

.440

.557

.688

.366

.480

.608

.750

.735

.960
.469

1.220
.594

1.500

.285

.359
.389

.365
.350

.526
.504

.274

.428

40

50

FT-50B
FT-82

-61
-61

150.0
73.3

.015
.007

FT-114

-61

79.3

.008

.029
.032

FT-114A-61

146.0

-61

140.0

.015
.014

.058
.056

-61

171.0

.017

.068

.131
.126
.154

10

20

30

.003

.007

.013

.008

.018

.032

FT-140
FT-240

.248

.733

.642

.793

.715
.686

.508
.934

1.180

1.460

.896

1.130

1.400

.616

.838

1.090

1.390

1.710

60

70

80

90

100

.020

.028

.038

.051

.064

.049

.071

.097

.160

.079
.197

MATERIAL #67
turns count >
core number

AL*

Inductance in millihenries
FT-23

-67

7.9

FT-37

-67

19.7

.002

FT-50

-67

22.0

.002

.009

.020

.035

.055

.079

.108

.126
.141

.178

.220

FT-50A -67
FT-50B -67

24.0

.002

.020

.033

.060

.086

.112

.154

.194

.240

48.0

.005

.019

.043

.038
.077

.120

.173

.235

.307

.389

.480

FT-82

-67

22.4

.002

.009

.020

.181

25.4

.003

.010

.023

.091

.110
.124

.143

-67

.056
.064

.081

FT-114

.036
.041

.163

.206

.224
.254

FT-140

-67

45.0

.005

.018

.041

.072

.118

.162

.220

.288

.365

.450

FT-240

-67

53.0

.005

.021

.048

.084

.133

.199

.260

.339

.430

.530

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

.007
.004

.013

.020

.051

.064

.079

.010

.028
.014

.038

.006

.020

.026

.032

.040

.008

.014

.022

.032

.043
.054

.056

.071

.070
.077

.089
.097

.088
.110
.117

.075
.081

.095
.123

.117
.127

MATERIAL #68
turns count >
core number

AL*

Inductance in millihenries
FT-23

-67

7.9

.003

FT-23

-68

4.0

.002

FT-37

-68

8.8

FT-50
-68
FT-50A -68
FT-82
-68

11.0
12.0

.001

.006
.004

11.7
12.7

FT-114

-68

.010
.011

.018
.019

.028
.030

.040
.043

.001

.005
.005

.011

.001

.005

.011

.019
.020

.029
.032

.042
.046

.001

.059
.057
.062

* A, v a l u e in m h / 1 0 0 0 t u r n s

AMIDON, INC.
Committed to Excellence Since 1963

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
2-9

FERRITE BEADS
A Ferrite bead is a dowel-like device which has a
center hole and is composed of ferromagnetic
material. When placed on to a current carrying
c o n d u c t o r it acts as an RF choke. It o f f e r s a
convenient, inexpensive, yet a very effective
means of RF shielding, parasitic suppression and
RF decoupling.

are possible. On the other hand, a toroidal core


usually has a much larger inner diameter and
w i l l accept a g r e a t e r n u m b e r of t u r n s . The
greater number of turns can be an advantage in
some cases where a large amount of impedance
is r e q u i r e d . T h e i n c r e a s e in i m p e d a n c e is
p r o p o r t i o n a l to the square of t h e n u m b e r of
turns.

The most common noise generating suspects in


high frequency circuits are power supply leads,
ground leads and connections, and interstage
c o n n e c t i o n s . A d j a c e n t leads and u n s h i e l d e d
conductors can also provide a convenient path
for the transfer of energy f r o m one circuit to
another. A few "ferrite beads of the appropriate
m a t e r i a l p l a c e d on t h e s e leads can g r e a t l y
reduce or c o m p l e t e l y e l i m i n a t e the p r o b l e m .
Best of all, t h e y can be a d d e d to m o s t any
existing electronic circuit.

The n u m b e r of t u r n s on a single hole Ferrite


bead or a t o r o i d a l core is i d e n t i f i e d by the
number of times the conductor passes through
the center hole. To physically complete one turn
it would be necessary to cause the wires to meet
on the outside of the device, however the bead
or core does not care about the termination of
each end of the wire and considers each pass
through the center hole as one turn. (This does
not apply to multihole beads)

The amount of impedance is a function of both


the material and the frequency, as well as the
size of the bead. As the frequency increases, the
permeability declines causing the losses to rise
to a peak. W i t h a rise in f r e q u e n c y the bead
presents a series resistance w i t h v e r y l i t t l e
reactance. Since reactance is low there is little
chance of resonance w h i c h could destroy the
a t t e n u a t i o n e f f e c t . I m p e d a n c e is d i r e c t l y
proportional to the length of the bead, therefore
impedance is additive as each similar bead is
slipped onto the conductor. Since the magnetic
f i e l d is t o t a l l y c o n t a i n e d w i t h i n , it does not
matter if the beads are touching or separated.
Ferrite beads do not have to be grounded and
they cannot be detuned by external magnetic
fields.

When w i n d i n g a six-hole bead, the impedance


depends upon the exact w i n d i n g pattern. For
instance, it can be wound clock-wise or counter
clock-wise progressively f r o m hole to hole, or
crisscrossed from side to side, or each turn can
be completed around the outside of the bead.
Each type of winding will produce very different
results. The impedance figures for the six-hole
bead in o u r chart are based on the c u r r e n t
industry standard, which are t w o and one half
turns threaded through the holes, crisscrossing
from one side to the other side.
T e m p e r a t u r e rise a b o v e the Curie p o i n t w i l l
cause t h e b e a d t o b e c o m e n o n - m a g n e t i c ,
r e n d e r i n g it useless as a n o i s e a t t e n u a t i n g
d e v i c e . D e p e n d i n g on t h e m a t e r i a l , C u r i e
temperature can run anywhere f r o m 120C to
500C. See ' M a g n e t i c P r o p e r t i e s ' c h a r t f o r
specifics.

We recommend the #73 or the #77 ferrite bead


material for the attenuation of RFI resulting from
t r a n s m i s s i o n s in the amateur band. The #43
material will provide best RFI attenuation from
30 to 400 MHz, and the #64 material is most
effective above 400 MHz. The #J m a t e r i a l is
recommended for RFI from 0.5 to 10 MHz, but it
can also be quite effective even below the A M
broadcast band.

The #73 and #J materials, as well as other very


high permeability materials are semi-conductive
and care s h o u l d be taken not to p o s i t i o n the
cores or beads in such a manner that they would
be able to short uninsulated leads together, or to
ground. Other lower permeability materials with
higher resistivity are non-conductive and this
precaution is not necessary.

Ferrite beads are usually quite small and as a


result only one pass, or a small number of turns

A M I ^DJ ^Ol &Nf A ,


NC

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
2-14

impe 031 ""


factor*

77
Bead
type

Part number

Dimensions (inches)

OD

>

64

43

73

H9

>101
J-201
J-301

_j-801_

.250
.200

FB-(_> 1 8 0 1
F ^ L J1
^ O11
l

.236
.562
.375
1.000
"TootT"
1.020
.590

TBTJ ^

f b , ( _J-5621
fB . ( __)-6301

7?(77Ki0

24

2X-(43I-151
2X-(43)-251

3000

1500
1100
3000
3900

.050
.062

5900
1530

2000
_520

.032
.250
.194
.500
iT
.500
.250

9600

1010

3540
3800

2600

1100
3200
B
22

^
^

"560"

Mat Z = 1 5 9

SpUtbead, 4 3 ^ -

j provided

25 M

z_

100 MHZ.

-7 975 @ 100 MHz.

'

Notes:

Type 4
Type 3

, m2 turns

be

approximated a

thg l m

p e d a n c e F a c t ^ ^

r T T T T

50
# 64 Material
'cn

.# 43 Material

40

#73

&

# 77Material_

: 75/J Material
N

10
10

100

30

300

A M l O ^ J & h . INC.

Costa

1000

Frequency in MHz
.TEL. (71^850-4660

ue

i i

. FAX (714)850^2??-

FERRITES FOR RFI


cabinet itself. ALL of these sources must be
eliminated before complete satisfaction can be
achieved. First, examine the computer cabinet to
make sure that good shielding and g r o u n d i n g
practices have been followed. If not, do what
you can to correct it. If you suspect that RF is
feeding back into the AC power system f r o m
your computer, wrap the power cord through an
FT-240-77 or F toroidal core 6 to 9 times. This
will act as an RF choke on the power cord and
should prevent RF f r o m feeding back into the
power system where it can affect" other electronic
devices.

Ferrite toroidal cores, as well as beads, can be


v e r y u s e f u l in a t t e n u a t i o n of u n w a n t e d RF
signals but we do not claim them to be a cure-all
for all RFI problems. There are different types of
noise sources, each of w h i c h may r e q u i r e a
different approach. When dealing with any noise
problem it is helpful to know the frequency of
the interference. This is valuable when trying to
determine the correct material as well as the
maximum turns count.
RFI emanating from such sources as computers,
f l a s h i n g signs, s w i t c h i n g devices, d i a t h e r m y
machines, etc..are very rich in harmonics and
can create n o i s e in t h e h i g h and v e r y h i g h
frequency regions. For this type of interference,
the #43 material is probably the best choice since
it has very good attenuation in the 20 MHz to 400
MHz. region. Some noise problems may require
a d d i t i o n a l f i l t e r i n g w i t h hi-pass or l o w - p a s s
filters. If the noise is of the differential-mode
type, an AC line filter may be required. See
section on AC line filters and DC chokes.

It is possible for an unwanted RF signal to enter


a piece of equipment by more than one path, If
so, ALL of these paths must be blocked before a
noticeable effect is detected. Don't overlook the
fact that RFI may be entering th]e equipment by
radiation directly f r o m your antenna feed line
due t o h i g h SWR. T h i s , of c o u r s e , can be
c h e c k e d w i t h an SWR m e t e r , a n d can be
corrected by installing an antenna balun, or by
placing a few ferrite beads, or sleeves, over the
transmission line at the antenna feed point. This
s h o u l d p r e v e n t RF r e f l e c t i o n back i n t o t h e
outside shield of the coax feed line, which could
radiate RFI.

In some cases the selected core will allow only


one pass of the conductor, which is considered
to one turn. In other cases it may be possible to
w i n d s e v e r a l t u r n s on t o t h e c o r e . W h e n
installing a d d i t i o n a l cores on the same
conductor, impedance w i l l be additive. When
multiple turns are passed t h r o u g h a core, the
impedance increases proportional to the square
of the number of turns.

Split bars are especially designed for computer


flat ribbon cables. Two or more cores can be
placed on the same cable, in w h i c h case the
impedance will be additive. See following page
for more specific information.

Keep in mind that because of the wide overlap in


frequency range of the various materials, more
than one material can provide acceptable results.
Normally, the 43 material is recommended for
frequency attenuation above 30 MHz., the 77,
and ' F materials for the amateur band, and the
' J ' m a t e r i a l f o r f r e q u e n c i e s l o w e r t h a n the
amateur band. 'W' and 'H' materials are for very
low frequencies (below 1 MHz).

RFI in telephones can be substantially reduced


with the insertion of an RF choke in each side of
the talk circuit. Wind two FT-50A-J cores with
about 20 turns each of #26 enameled wire. If
possible, place one in each side of the talk circuit
within the telephone base. If this is not possible,
try m o u n t i n g them in a small box w i t h phone
modular input and output jacks mounted in each
end. This can now be used 'in-line' between the
phone and the wall jack. Similar results can be
a c h i e v e d by w i n d i n g 6 t o 9 t u r n s of t h e
telephone-to-wall cable t h r o u g h an FT-140A-J
ferrite toroidal core.

C o m p u t e r s are n o t o r i o u s f o r RF r a d i a t i o n ,
especially some of the older models which were
m a d e w h e n RFI r e q u i r e m e n t s w e r e q u i t e
minimal. RFI can radiate from inter-connecting
cables, AC p o w e r c o r d s and even f r o m t h e

A M I D ^ N ^

|nc

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
2-16

FERRITE CORES FOR RFI SUPPRESSION


Following is a list of large size Ferrite Beads (FB),
Ferrite T o r o i d a l Cores (FT), and Split Ferrite
Cores (2X), all of which are extensively used for
RFI problems involving multiple wire bundles,
coaxial cables, m i c r o p h o n e cables, AC cords,
and computer ribbon cables. These larger ferrite
beads and toroidal cores can provide larger ID
to accommodate the larger diameter coaxes and
wire bundles.

When more impedance is needed (with any bead


or core) use a d d i t i o n a l c o r e s on t h e s a m e
conductor or a core with a large enough ID to
accommodate multiple wire turns. When
additional cores are added, the impedance will
be additive, but when additional wire turns are
added the impedance increases as to the number
of turns squared.
Split beads and 'bars' are also available so that
they may be installed without removing the end
c o n n e c t o r f r o m t h e c a b l e . S p l i t b a r s are
especially designed for computer ribbon cables.
They are presently available for 1.3", 2.0" and
2.5" computer ribbon cables. Two or more may
be used on t h e s a m e c a b l e t o i n c r e a s e t h e
impedance.

The 43 material is a good all around material for


m o s t RFI p r o b l e m s .
However the lower
f r e q u e n c i e s f r o m .5 to 10 MHz. can best be
served with the 'J' material. The 77 material can
provide excellent attenuation of RFI caused by
amateur radio frequencies from 2 to 30 MHz. and
the 43 material is best for everything above 30
MHz. However, it is still very effective across the
entire amateur band but not quite as good as the
77 material. The 73 material is specifically a
ferrite bead material having a permeability of
2500 and can provide RF attenuation very similar
to the 77 core material.

AI

Note:

Shown below are typical impedances in ohms at 25


and 100 MHz with only one pass through the core.

Part
Number

A dim.
(in)

B dim.
(in)

FT-50B-43
FT-50B-77
FT-114-43
FT-114-77
FT-140-43
FT-140-77
FT-193- J
FT-240-43
FT-240-77

.500
.500
1.142
1.142
1.400
1.400
1.930
2.400
2.400

.312
.312
.750
.750
.900
.900
1.250
1.400
1.400

C dim.
(in)
.500
.500
.295
.295
.500
.500
.625
.500
.500

25
MHz

100
MHz

90
56
74
60
47
27
29
35
47
75
62
50
below 10 MHz
108
58
66
76

All of the above size cores are available in the 'J' material which will be
most effectivce if the troublesome frequency is below 10 MHz.
2X-43-251
2X-43-151

.590
1.020

.250
.500

1.125
1.125

171
159

275
245

Also see page 60 on "Round Cable Suppression Cores" for more selection
FB-43-1020
FB-77-1024
FB-43-5621
FB-77-5621
FB-43-6301
FB-77-6301

jL

B
T

kA-|

r n

2X-43-651
2X-43-951
2X-43-051

A M . n r ^

inc

1.000
1.000
.562
.562
.375
.375

.500
.500
.250
.250
.194
.194

1.120
.825
1.125
1.125
.410
.410

for 1.3"' ribbon cable


for 2.0"' ribbon cable
for 2.5"' ribbon calbe

155
25
171
50
55
73

235

97
105
90

200
285
250

250
-

48
59

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
2-17

SURFACE MOUNT BEADS


Surface mount beads in Amidon #43 material are available in two sizes. These SM Beads are constructed
with a solid flat copper conductor with a 95/5 tin/lead coating. This rugged construction decreases dc
resistance and increases current carrying capacity compared with plated beads.
Notes:

Supplied in taped and reeled in carriers, per EIA Standard


481A
Also available in bulk packed. Change end of Part number
from 7 to 6
' For more information, see next page
Meet solder requirements of EIA-186- 10E, temperature
260 5 C and time 10 1
Beads are controlled for impedance limits only

Flat T C W
1.27 m m (.050) W x 0 . 2 m m (.008) T

1 /^
====!=== =
i
1

1
i
i

Dimensions (in millimeters)


Part N u m b e r

Weight
(gm)

SMB43-9447
SMB43-1447

2.850.2
2.850.2

3.050.1
3.050.1

5.10.85
9.60.95

1.350.65
1.350.65

0.15
0.30

Tape
Width

12.0
16.0

25 MHz 100 MHz


Min.

Min.

Max1
DC

(fi)

(2)

(n>

23
45

47

0.6X103
0.9x10 3

95

*lmpedance (in ohms) measured using a HP 4191A w i t h spring clip fixture HP 16092A
M a x i m u m DC resistance

AMIDON. INC.
Committed to Excellence Since 1963

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
2-22

PC BEADS
S i m i l a r b e a d s are also a v a i l a b l e f o r s u r f a c e
mount board. The j u m p e r wires are oxygen free
h i g h c o n d u c t i v i t y c o p p e r w i t h a 95/5 t i n / l e a d
coating. Note that the beads are c o n t r o l l e d for
impedance limits only.

M u l t i p l e s i n g l e t u r n p r i n t e d c i r c u i t b e a d s or
m u l t i - t u r n printed circuit beads are available in
d i f f e r e n t sizes in A m i d o n #43 m a t e r i a l s . The
beads are s u p p l i e d w i t h t i n n e d c o p p e r j u m p e r
wires which complete the desire w i n d i n g
c o n f i g u r a t i o n on the p r i n t e d circuit board.

Typical
Printed Circuit Board Layouts

PCB43-0308
Figure 1-A
3 Turns

<=p

PCB43-0428
Figure 2-A
4 Turns

PCB43-0428
Figure 2-B

O
2x2Turns

Figure 1
"iDf*

Ti

n rh n

PCB43-0528
Figure 3-A

rr
-

Figure 2

5 Turns

Figure 3

Dimensions (Bold numbers are in millimeters, bottom numbers are in inches)


PART NO.

Fig.

Impedance* (li)
F

25 M H z
Min.

100Mhz
Min.

Min.

Max.
PCB43-0308

8.0-.35
.308

7.5-.25
.290

11.4
.450

2.544.1
.100

2.544.1
.100

2.3
.090

.65
22 A W G

150

230

PCB43-0428

11.2-.50
.428

11.2-.50
.430

11.4
.450

2.544.1
.100

7.64.2
.300

2.3
.090

.65
22 A W G

175

270

PCB43-0528

13.454.25
.528

11.2-.50
.430

11.4
.450

2.54^.1
.100

7.64.2
.300

2.3
.090

.65
22 A W G

175

270

Impedance specification applies for any one jumper wire, using a HP 4193A.

A M I D J ^ N L ^

|nc

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa. California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
2-29

TRADITIONAL BROADBAND TRANSFORMERS


In applications w h i c h generate m i n i m a l f l u x ,
such as in low power applications and one to
one ratio transformers, the goals can best be
accomplished by using a high permeability core
in o r d e r t o m i n i m i z e t u r n s at t h e l o w e s t
f r e q u e n c y . T h i s in t u r n , w i l l m i n i m i z e the
distributed capacitance which will improve the
high frequency response.

Broadband Transformers, as the name implies,


are transformers which will operate over a broad
frequency range. They can also provide a stepup or a step-down impedance transformation,
match an unbalanced source to a balanced load,
or serve both purposes
The two-hole, or 'binocular' type, ferrite core,
known as the multi-aperture core, is very popular
for low power applications. Multi-aperture cores
were developed to provide maximum impedance
per length of turn in order to better serve the
broadband transformer. Two-hole multiaperture cores are widely used as 75 ohm and
300 o h m matching transformers for receivers
and low power UHF and VHF applications.

G e n e r a l l y , f e r r i t e c o r e s are p r e f e r r e d f o r
broadband transformers because of their high
p e r m e a b i l i t y f a c t o r s . H o w e v e r , in p o w e r
applications the high permeability ferrite cores
can be easily saturated, and care must be taken
to keep the induced flux density well below the
maximum flux density rating of the core in order
to confine the signal energy to the linear portion
of the flux density curve. Detailed information
can be found in the 'Ferromagnetic Design and
Applications Handbook' by Doug DeMaw.

The bandwidth of a broadband transformer has


practical limitations. The functions which control
the l o w f r e q u e n c y p e r f o r m a n c e are parallel
inductance and parallel resistance. This
c o m b i n a t i o n must remain sufficiently high in
order to maintain an acceptable match. Unless a
v e r y l o w 'Q' c o r e is used these w i l l be t h e
d o m i n a n t factors. N o r m a l l y , the inductive
reactance at the lowest frequency should be four
t i m e s g r e a t e r t h a n t h e source
impedance.
However, in order to achieve this ratio, we may
find that excessive turns may be required which
w i l l adversely affect the high frequency
performance. Using a core of high permeability
will minimize the number of required turns.

The m a i n c o n c e r n in p o w e r a p p l i c a t i o n s is
core loss generated by the net induced flux. In
t h i s case, i r o n p o w d e r c o r e s are g e n e r a l l y
preferred because of t h e i r h i g h e r m a x i m u m
f l u x density rating. Core loss increases at a
squared rate w i t h f l u x d e n s i t y at any g i v e n
frequency. When extremely high voltages are
e n c o u n t e r e d , such as in a h i g h i m p e d a n c e
ratio step-up transformer, we recommend that
the core first be wrapped w i t h glass-electrical
tape before winding, such as 3M-27, This will
provide added protection against voltage
breakdown and arcing.

The f a c t o r s w h i c h l i m i t t h e h i g h f r e q u e n c y
r e s p o n s e are d i s t r i b u t e d c a p a c i t a n c e and
inductance leakage due to uncoupled flux. The
more the distributed capacitance and the flux
leakage can be minimized, the better will be the
high frequency performance of the transformer.
The best c o m p r o m i s e between d i s t r i b u t e d
c a p a c i t a n c e and leakage i n d u c t a n c e can be
obtained by t w i s t i n g the conductors together
prior to w i n d i n g . This greatly m i n i m i z e s the
leakage inductance in small transformers.

A high grade of wire insulation is required when


operating with high voltages. We recommend
'Thermoleze' insulated wire. This is a very tough
vinyl-like insulation having a voltage breakdown
p o t e n t i a l of b e t t e r t h a n 2000 v o l t s and a
temperature rating of 200C.

Amidon now offers High Power Transmission Line Baluns and Ununs (unbalanced to unbalanced)
transformers. Please call for brochure.
- 1 MHz to 50 MHz frequency range
- 2 KW to 10 KW power level
- 0.2dB loss (98% efficient)
- Baluns: 500:12.50; 500:500; 500:750; 500:1000; 500:2000; 500:3000; 500:4500; 500:6000
- Ununs: Range from 500:30 up to 500:8000

A M I D ^ N L ^

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. - TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
2-33

MULTI-APERTURE CORES
The two-hole multi-aperture core is commonly used for wideband transformers and impedance matching
devices. The primary concern, when designing a wideband transformer, is to extend the bandwidth with a
minimum of loss. The limiting factors are inductive reactance and core loss.
By winding through both holes of the binocular type two hole core, a higher inductance per turn can be obtained
than would otherwise be possible with a single hole core.

op.

oo

J_

2/

Type 1

Type 2

-HT-

A l value in m h / 1 0 0 0 turns

Dimensions in inches;

Part No.
BN-43-202
BN-43-2302
BN-43-2402
BN-43-3312
BN-43-7051
BN-61-202

OD
.525
.136
.280
.765
1.130
.525

ID
.150
.035
.070
.187
.250
.150

Hgt
.550
.093
.240
1.000
1.130
.550

Th Type
1
.295
1
.080
.160
1
.375
1
1
.560
.295
1

OD
.136
.280
.250
.250
.525
.275

Part No.
BN-61-2302
BN-61-2402
BN-61-1702
BN-61-1802
BN-73-202

BN-73-2402

ID
.035
.070
.050
.050
.150
.070

Hgt
.093
.240
.470
.240

.550
.240

Th

Type A L
1
.080
60
.160
1
160

2
440

2
310
.295
1
1
.160

FERRITE BOBBIN CORES


Ferrite Bobbin cores provide a convenient means of winding RF chokes. Because of their open magnetic path, they
can handle more current than toroids of similar effective area. To aid in the design of such chokes, we have
provided tables containing inductance, wire turns, wire size and maximum current for each type of bobbin.
Winding table: number of turns to completely fill bobbin
Wire Size
20 22 24 26 28 30
32 34
36
B-77-1111
9 14 23 35 56 88 164 205 400
Wire Size

B-77-1011

24 26 28 30 32 34
36
39 60 93 148 230 425 535 1050

20
24

22

A l value in mh/1000 turns


F
Nl
AL
17
#22
60
39
#20
130

BOBBIN D I M E N S I O N S

Part Number
Bobbin #B-77-1111
Bobbin #B-77-1011

A
.196"
.372"

BOBBIN #B-77-1111

Inductance
10 /ih
25 /ih
50 /ih
100 /ih
250 /ih
500/jh
1.0 mh
2.5 mh
5.0 mh
10.0 mh

wire turns
24
38
38
77
121
171
243
383
542
762

B
.107"
.187"

c
.500"
.750"

D
.400"
.500"

AL = 17

Nl=60

BOBBIN #B-77-1011

wire size
24
26
26
30
31
32
34
36
37
38

I (max)
2.50
1.60
1.60
0.78
0.50
0.35
0.25
0.16
0.11
0.08

Inductance
25 /ih
50 /ih
100 /ih
250 /ih
500 /ih
1.0 mh
2.5 mh
5.0 mh
10.0 mh
25.0 mh

wire turns
25
36
50
80
113
160
253
358
506
800

AL = 39
wire size
20
22
24
26
27
28
30
32
34
36

Nl = 130

I (max)
5.20
3.60
2.60
1.60
1.10
0.80
0.50
0.36
0.25
0.16

BALUNS & TUNING CORES


CORE

CONFIGURATIONS

Sluq cores
Threaded cores
Coil Forms
Stud Cores
U Cores
AMIDJ^N^

|nc

NOTES:

All popular sizes


All popular sizes
All popular sizes
All popular sizes
Call for tooled parts list

1) Parts available in all materials and in


different lengths.
2) Bobbins and coil forms available with or
without leads.
3) Special machining for custom shapes
available.

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
2-34

FERRITE RODS, BARS, PLATES AND TUBES


Ferrite rods, bars, plates and tubes are primarily
used in radio antennas and chokes. They are
available in materials from permeability of 20 to
10,000.

However, only rods with #61 (pij = 125), and #33


(mi = 800)materials are standard stocking items.
All other materials are custom manufactured, but
readily available with lead time for delivery.

Part number

Material

Permeability

Diameter
(in)

Length
(in)

A l value
mh/1000 t

Ampere
turns

R61-025-400
R61-037-300
R61-050-400
R61-050-750
R33-037-400
R33-050-200
R33-050-400
R33-050-750

61
61
61
61
33
33
33
33

125
125
125
125
800
800
800
800

.25
.37
.50
.50
.37
.50
.50
.50

4.0
3.0
4.0
7.5
4.0
2.0
4.0
7.5

26
32
43
49
62
51
59
70

110
185
575
260
290
465
300
200

Other Dimensions and materials are available. Please call for your other

requirements.

FERRITE RODS are available as standard stocking item in various sizes in the #33 and #61
materials. Ferrite rods of other materials are available with lead time. The most common use of a
ferrite rods is for antennas and choke applications.
ANTENNAS: Ferrite Rods are widely used as loop antenna such as broadcast-band receivers,
direction-finder receivers, etc. The #61 material rods are widely used for commercial AM (550 KHz
to 1600 KHz) radio antenna and by radio amateurs (2 MHz to 30 MHz). The #33 material rods are
more suitable for very low frequency range (100 KHz to 1 MHz). The table on next page lists the
recommended frequency range for a few different materials.

To calculate the inductance or number of turns, please use the formula below:
m
N = 1000A II desired 'L' (mh)
\JAL{ mh/1000 turns)
N = number of turns

AMIDON, INC.
Committed to Excellence Since 1963

2
,L, mh
u
= -x N
1,000,000

L = inductance (mh)

1,000,000
x 'L' (mh)
A, (mh/1000 turnst =
N2
AL = inductance index (mh)/1000 turns)

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
2-35

I f E R R I T ^ o S s ^ A R S ^ B t E ^ M ^ U B E S (cont')]
Where

N = no. of turns
A = area in square meter (m2)
X = wavelength in meter
He = effective permeability of rod
and where dA < 1, d = diameter of rod

Loop antenna has a height factor called effective


height, h e (in m), which when multiplied with
field strength, F (in pV/m), provides the loopinduced voltage (in pV).
h ep =

, in meter.

Loop Induced Voltage = Fhe = 2rcNAp e F


Initial
Permeability,

Maximum
Permeability,

Mi
20
40
125
250
300
800
2000

Mm

450
375
3600
3000
4600

It can be seen from the equation that the highest


induced voltage occurs when the windings
occupied the entire rod (when N is largest).

jn

Saturation Flux
Density, Bs, at
13 Oe

Recommended
Frequency
*Range (MHz)

Amidon
Material

2000 at 40 Oe
3000 at 20 Oe
2350
2200
3900
2750
1150

80-100
10-80
5.0-30
0.05-4
0.001-5
0.01-7
0.001-2

68
67
61
64
83
33
77

* Frequency ratings are for optimum Q in narrow-band tuned circuits.


CHOKE Applications: Both the #33, and the #61
rods are used extensively in choke applications.
The #33 material should be selected for the 3.75 7.5 MHz (40-80 meters band). The #33 rods are
also often used in speaker cross-over networks.
The #61 material is most suitable for the 7.5-30
MHz (10-40 meters band) range. Due to the open
magnetic s t r u c t u r e of the rod c o n f i g u r a t i o n ,
considerable current can be tolerated before it
will saturate.

However we have attempted to provide a set of


AL and Nl values for various types of rods in our
stock. These f i g u r e s are based on a closely
wound coil of #22 wire, placed in the center of
the rod and covering nearly the entire length.
Keep in mind that there are many variables and
t h a t t h e i n d u c t a n c e w i l l v a r y a c c o r d i n g to
winding technique.

EFFECTIVE PERMEABILITY
Coil placements and the length of windings on
the r o d s , bars, p l a t e s and t u b e s a f f e c t t h e
effective p e r m e a b i l i t y of these devices. The
corrected permeability for variation in coil length
versus rod length is:

There are several f a c t o r s t h a t have a direct


bearing on the effective permeability of a ferrite
rod, which in turn will effect inductance and 'Q',
as well as the AL value of the rod and its ampereturns rating. These are: (1) Length to diameter
ratio of the rod, (2) Placement of the coil on the
rod, (3) Spacing between turns and, (4) Air space
between the coil and the rod. In some cases, the
e f f e c t i v e p e r m e a b i l i t y of t h e rod w i l l be
influenced more by a change in the length to
diameter ratio than by a change in the initial
permeability of the rod. At other times, just the
reverse will be true.

U' = Verf

(*r/'c>

Where fj' = corrected ij,


= effective permeability from the chart
l x = rod length in cm or inches
= length of coil windings in cm or inches

EFFECTS ON 'Q'

G r e a t e s t i n d u c t a n c e and AL v a l u e w i l l be
obtained when the winding is centered on the
rod rather than placed at either end. The best 'Q'
will be obtained when the w i n d i n g covers the
entire length of the rod.

The spacing between the turns has a significant


effect on the 'Q', and the inductance of the rods.
The best values of 'Q' are obtained when the coil
turns are spaced one wire diameter apart, with
the windings located at the center of the rod. Litz
wire provides the highest level of 'Q'.

Because of all of the above various conditions it


is very difficult to provide workable AL values.

Reference: "Ferromagnetic Core Design Handbook


" by Doug DeMaw.

AM

I DON.

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-35

FERRITE 'E' CORES


E-Cores are available in the 77 (stocking) and J (non-stocking) Material.
TYPE 77 FERRITE MATERIAL
permeability 2000

cc

These are ideally suited for low


p o w e r a p p l i c a t i o n s up to 200
watts. A nylon bobbin is supplied
f o r easy w i n d i n g . Please see
section IV on "Toroid Mounts &
E-Core B o b b i n s " f o r m o r e
information on different types of
E-Core Bobbins.

tf

J-1

20%

E-Core Physical Dimensions (inches)


Part No.

EA-77-188
EA-77-250
EA-77-375
EA-77-500
EA-77-625

.760
1.000
1.375
1.625
1.680

.318
.380
.562
.650
.825

.187
.250
.375
.500
.605

.225
.255
.375
.405
.593

.093
.125
.187
.250
.234

.192
.250
.312
.312
.375

.187
.250
.375
.500
.468

10 watts
20 watts
70 watts
100 watts
200 watts

Power

E-Core Magnetic Properties


A*

'e

As

A*

Part No.

mm2

mm

mm3

mm2

mm2

mm4

mh/1000 turns

E-77-188
E-77-250
E-77-375
E-77-500
E-77-625

22.5
40.4
90.3
160.0
184.0

40.1
48.0
68.8
76.7
98.0

900
1930
6240
12300
18000

1050
1700
3630
5410
7550

55.7
80.6
151.0
163.0
287.0

1250
3250
13700
26100
52900

1060
1660
2760
4470
5300

AL value

Wire Size vs. Number of Turns


Part No.
EA-77-188
EA-77-250
EA-77-375
EA-77-500
EA-77-625

AMIDON.

18

20

22

24

26

28

30

32

34

36

38

21
34
63
50
159

33
62
94
141
250

50
93
149
212
375

79
147
235
335
593

125
232
372
532
939

196
364
582
829
1470

293
532
868
1236
2191

439
814
1302
1855

669
1240
1984

1046
1938

1548

tRaaocurn. INC.

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. * TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
2-40

FERRITE POT CORES


Ferrite Material #77, 2000 Permeability
MAXIMUM TURNS:
BOBBIN vs. WIRE SIZE
( machine wound )

6000

2000

h-E-H

C
Fewer turns should
be expected when
hand wound.

WIRE SIZE

Turns=

desired 'L' (mh)


(mh/1000 turns)

Part number
PC-1107-77
PC-1408-77
PC-1811-77
PC-2213-77
PC-2616-77
PC-3019-77
PC-3622-77

A
11.10
14.05
18.00
21.60
25.50
30.00
35.60

26

x 1000

B
9.20
11.80
15.25
18.70
21.60
25.40
30.40

28

30

Physical Dimensions
(In millimeters)
C
4.60
5.90
7.45
9.25
11.30
13.30
15.90

32

34

D
2.10
3.10
3.10
4.55
5.55
5.55
5.55

36

38

40

E
3.21
4.18
5.27
6.70
8.05
9.40
10.85

42

44

46

48

F
2.27
2.90
3.70
4.70
5.60
6.60
7.40

Magnetic Dimensions
Part No.
PC-1107-77
PC-1408-77
PC-1811-77
PC-2213-77
PC-2616-77
PC-3019-77
PC-3622-77

A,
mm2
15.9
25.0
43.0
63.0
93.0
136.0
202.0

4
mm
15.9
20.0
25.9
31.6
37.2
45.0
53.0

Ve
mm3
252
500
1120
2000
3460
6100
10600

AL value
mh/1000 turns
1420
1960
2880
3660
4700
5900
7680

Power
Based on 20 KHz
Max 3 watts
Max 5 watts
Max 10 watts
Max 20 watts
Max 50 watts
Max 70 watts
Max 90 watts

Note: Power ratings are conservative, based on 20 KHz. switching frequency.


A M I D ^ I N L ^

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
2-43

CORE LOSS vs. AC FLUX DENSITY


(Material #43)

(Material #61)

AM

I DON,

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
2-45

FERRITE MATERIAL 4 3
Available Core Shapes

Primary Characteristics

Shield Beads
Multi-aperture and broadband
transformer cores
Special shapes for EMI suppression

High impedance
High resistivity

Applications
O p t i m u m suppression of unwanted
signals above 40 MHz

Percent of Original 25C

Initial Permeability & Loss Factor vs. Frequency


102

10000

100

II 1 1 1
m n MH-T-

- >

25 MHz

o4

105

10s
Frequency (Hz)

50

25

107

100

75

Temperature (C)
Measured on a 25.4mm OD toroid using a HP 4191A

Measured on a 25.4mm OD toroid using HP 4275A


and HP 4191A.

Initial Permeability vs. Temperature


2000 |n
Hysteresis Loop
4000

1600

B 3000

1200

(gauss)

2000
/ !

800

f i
f

1000

rf
2

rj

400
2

10

12

H (oersted)

.50

Measured on a 25.4mm OD toroid.

50

100

150

200

Temperature (C)
Measured on a 25.4mm OD toroid at
100 kHz using a HP 4275A.

AM

I DON.

Committed to Excellence Since 1963

INC.

P.O. BOX 25867, SANTA ANA, CA 92799 TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
1-35

HORIZONTAL MOUNT FOR TOROID


Solderability: MIL-STD-202, Method 208
Terminals: 0.025" x 0.01", 60/40 tin plated

The HM horizontal mounts for toroids are made


of Nylon 6/6 material and rated at UL94-V0. It has
6 brass terminals. Each terminal is tin plated.
These mounts are used for low profile horizontal
mounting of w o u n d toroids w i t h outside
diameter (OD) of 0.4" to 1.0".

DIA.

RELATIVE SHAPES

HT.
HM-72-12
.281

T ^ ^ T i

1
080

HM-93-16

Not to scale
.010 inches

(All Dimensions are in inches)


Part No.

Length

Width

Ht.

Dia.

Toroidal Core Size

HM-72-12
HM-72-00

.720
.720

.460
.460

.163
.000

.120
.000

.638
.638

O.D. up to 0.5"
FT-23, FT-50
T-25 T-50

HM-93-00
HM-93-15

.937
.937

.600
.600

.000
.250

.000
.156

.848
.848

O.D. up to 0.825"
FT-82, T-68, T-80

HM-120-00
HM-120-15

1.208
1.208

.850
.850

.000
.250

.000
.156

1.130
1.130

O.D. up to 1.0"
FT-82, T-68, T-80

A M I D N .

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
4-2

VERTICAL MOUNT FOR TOROIDS


The VM vertical mounts for toroids are made of
Nylon 6/6 material and rated at UL94-V0. They are
available either with no terminals or with 4,10 or 14
terminals. Those with no terminals have four
through holes of diameter 0.048" for mounting.

DIAMETER

Solderability: MIL-STD-202, Method 208


Terminals: 0.04" diameter, 100% tin plated

THICK

'
IZZ3

TRF

^031

(TOP)
X

425

fefll-i-

250 (. 015/- 005)

5 __

h-(600010)-n I

750
LENGTH

(. 015/- 005)

Not to scale
.010 inches

(Tolerance at end of terminal)

Figure 2

Figure 1

750

! 1 050 0IA

I^q r

uir n hUi

WIDTH

<1 1.300 0IA

WIDTH
!^

Not to scale
.010 inches

(Tolerance at end of terminal)

820

1 pUg r1

^THl

300

-J-

300 - 1

..
i

LENGTH

o o o oo

" (5 MM)

i.
I

19?

(5 MMI

630
(16 MMI

590
(15 MM)

~T

>!>J<H>CK

197

LENGTH

o o oo

2J8
I6 3 M M 1

085

Not to scale
.010 inches

Not to scale
.010 inches

Figure 4

Figure 3

(All Dimensions are in inches)

A M I D ^ N L ^

n c

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
4-3

VERTICAL MOUNT FOR TOROIDS


Part No.

Figure

Length
(inches)

Width
(inches)

Thick
(inches)

Toroid
Diameter
(inches)

A
(inches)

B
(inches)

VM-750-4

.75

.425

.385

1.00

.60

.250

4 terminals, 0.04",
AWG #18, for toroid
up to O.D.=1.15"

VM-750-0

.75

VM-100-4

1.00

Toroidal Core Size

.425

.385

1.00

.60

.250

No terminal - 0.048"
through hole for
toroid up to
O.D.=1.15"

.60

.51

1.20

.80

.400

4 terminals, 0.050",
AWG #16, for toroid
up to O.D.=1.20"

VM-100-0

1.00

.60

.51

1.20

.80

.400

No terminal - 0.048"
through hole for
toroid up to
O.D.=1.20"

VM-110-4

1.10

.80

.71

1.60

.90

.600

4 terminals, 0.05",
AWG #16, for toroid
up to O.D.=1.60"

VM-110-0

1.10

.80

.71

1.60

.90

.600

No terminal - 0.048"
hole for toroid up to
O.D.=1.60"

VM-140-4

1.40

.90

.81

2.54

1.20

.700

4 terminals, 0.050",
AWG #16, for toroid
up to O.D.=2.5"

VM-140-0

1.40

.90

.81

2.54

1.20

.700

No terminal - 0.048"
hole for toroid up to
O.D.=2.5"

VM-106-10

1.06

.75

.440

1.05

.59

.197

10 terminals, 0.04",
AWG #18, for toroid
up to O.D.=1.1"

VM-140-14

1.40

.82

.48

1.30

.63

.197

14 terminal - 0.04"
AWG #18, for toroid
up to O.D>=1.3"

A M I D ^ N ^

inc

240 Briggs Avenue, Costa Mesa, California 92626, U.S.A. TEL. (714) 850-4660 FAX (714) 850-1163
4-4