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ALARM: Synchronization (RBS)

Mostly synchronization alarms are one of the following


Loss of Tracking
TU Synch Reference Loss of Signal
PDH Loss of Signal or PDH Loss of Frame or only Loss of Signal or Loss of Frame
In most cases, the node lost one of the synchronization references and the node needs to
be resynched
TU Synch Reference Loss of Signal: TUB or CBU doesnt get the signal
? check the input port, cables, boards themselves
Loss of Tracking: Node is not in locked mode but in holdover mode
? resetLossOfTracking on Sync MO (use LDN of pp1 and pp2 which are the sync
references
PDH Loss of Signal/Frame or Loss of Signal/Frame: ET doesnt detect the signal
? check port, cables, board (put cable between Tx and Rx on the ET), if everything is ok,
then remove this port from the sync reference
ALARM: Loss of Cell Delineation
This can happen for the IMA link or the separate T1
? check status of T1s, their cross connection, configuration
? check the link performance (ES and SES) on E1PhysPathTerm for that link, if the
numbers are increasing, then the network is not stable, if it is not increasing, then there
might be a HW issue (ET board)
? ET port might be hanging, thus restart the port
ALARM: Carrier_RXDiversityLost
This alarm will cause a degraded carrier
? check whether the RU or FU is locked
? if connection is ok, try to restart the port for that sector lhsh 001200/xxx restart
? might be combined with antenna alarm (AiDevice_AntennaSystemProblem or
TmaDevice_AntennaSystemProblem), see below for more info
ALARM: AiDevice_AntennaSystemProblem or
TmaDevice_AntennaSystemProblem
Which alarm shows up depends on whether the antenna is connected to a TMA
? check the antenna, jumper cables, cable connections visually and also by swapping them
among the sectors and see whether alarm moves
? check FU
? check the value of the supervision parameter (should be 49, but if set to 0 no alarm is
reported)
? restart the RU

ALARM: Carrier_RejectSignalFromHardware
This alarm is issued from several HW, mainly RU, TXboard and RRU
? insert new HW
? if this doesnt help reboot the RBS (there has been a CSR which requires reboot)

ALARM: RuDeviceGroup_GeneralHWError
This alarm indicates problems with the component (written at beginning of alarm, in this
case RU)
? restart RU port, restart whole RU board
? if doesnt help, replace RU
ALARM: AiDevice_ExternalUnitFailure
This alarm appears if the feeder or jumper cable is connected incorrectly or damaged or the
TMA can be faulty
? check the antenna, jumper cables, cable connections visually and also by swapping them
among the sectors and see whether alarm moves
? check the TMA
ALARM: ExternalTma_LnaFailureBranchA
This alarm comes up when the two transistors amplifying the RF signals in the TMA fail. The
cell can still carry traffic as long as branch B is working, however, the RX might be
degraded.
=> run script to modify the TMA parameters

ALARM: Nbap (in RNC) OR Equipment for RUDeviceGroup (in RBS)


Check in EMAS the equipment view for the RBS
Restart the specific RU/FU in RBSSubrack
ALARM: Carrier_UL_GainProblem
Check attenuation in BEMAS, RBS needs one of each, DPCL, TPA, TR
ALARM: Carrier_UL_GainTruncated
Check whether feeder loss is outside the acceptable range (max is 6db)
Check power
Are RU boards steady
ALARM : AuxPlugInUnit_PiuConnectionLost
Piu powered off? Cable problem?
FU/RU? => Check cabx

ALARM: Tma_LnaFailure
Check voltage (what TMA gives out),
if too low => check FU (bad or short circuit) => restart FU
if 0 => check if internalpower is set to yes (in ExternalTma MO)
check current (what antenna pulls out) => c heck if also AiDevice (antenna) alarm
ALARM: CLU_LossofMain
Lost power, node is in backup mode
ALARM: FCU_DeviceGroup_NumberofHWEntitiesMismatch
Was HW replaced? It then might have a different revision => restart PluginunitMO for that
piece
ALARM: FCU_DeviceGroup_FanFailure
1 FCU has fan, if enabled and unlocked, restart it
ALARM: RXDiversityLoss
Check if FU Is locked
ALARM: CarrierReject
If HSDPA is enabled, disable it, the alarm will then go away

ALARM: IMAGroupInsufficientLinks
IMAGroupInsufficientLinksatFarEnd
IMA is usually disabled, but IMA link is enabled
=> delete/recreate IMA, if that doesnt help,
=> or lock the active board (force it to go over to the redundant one), unlock after (so it goes
back)
=> or reset the processor on board
ALARM:PSUDeviceGroup_GeneralSWError
? restart PSUDeviceGroup
ALARM:Carrier_SingalNotReceivedWithinTime
i.e. Sector=1, Carrier=1
=> is TXboard up?
=> disable HSDPA, txdevicegroup on slot 10
ALARM:Bfu_BatteryChargingFailure
? check voltage on battery, should be around 50V, if not acc restartAuxUnit AuxPlugInUnit
(from PS1)

ALARM: UtranCell_NbapMessageFailure (in RNC)


AIDevice_ExternalUnitFailure + CarrierRejectSignalFromHW (in RBS)
Check if antenna feeder is too low in t&e
Check FU

ALARM: UtranCell_NbapMessagefailure (RNC)


Ai_Device_ExternalUnitFailure (RBS, equipment malfunction, FU aidevice=1)
Carrier_RejectSignalFromHardware (RBS)
In RBS t&e: antennafeeder low/high
? turn off TMA power

ALARM: RBS_LocalCellnotAdded (RNC) or NBapMessageFailure (RNC)


RBS has no alarms
? cells are disabled, in RBS, txboard is down

ALARM: UtranCell_InternalResourceUnavailable or UtranCell_NbapMessageFailure


? workaround to reload the module where the RBS is
? The module can be found in the properties of the RBS in EMAS under iub_links in the
Radio Network view.
? Or it can be found using Moshell on the RNC
>pr iublink
Find the RBS in the list and do a get on it.
Read the module based on above info.
ALARM: AiDevice_AntennaSystemProblem
Use the following RBS command:
Moshell <rbs>
lt antennabranch
get antennabranch antennaSupervisionThreshold
lt tma
get tma power
In the RBS there is feature to measure the VSWR (Voltage Standing Wave Ratio). In simple
words, the VSWR is a measure of the reflection in the RF path caused by faulty equipment
between the RBS and the Antenna. In case of non-TMA sites, the RBS has another feature
call DC resistance. See the following table to see which features are used for the US
market.

Table: Valid for FU12 19 and FU12 08, - = not supported


Configuration/Supervision Feeder Power Supply SV DC Antenna SV VSWR Antenna SV
TMA SV
ABAB
1. Only antenna No No Yes Yes - No
2. RET/RIU, no ASC/TMA Yes, branch A No Yes Yes - No
3.TMA, external power supply No No No Yes - No
4. TMA, power supply by FU/AIU Yes No No Yes - Yes
5. ASC Yes No No No - No
Note: Observe that when TMA is defined Branch B has NO supervision.
If the antennasupervisionthreshold is not set correctly (general value is 49) then we see this
alarm. The formula for the different types of supervision is in MOM and given below as well:
When DC resistance supervision is used the threshold maps to a resistance (R),
R = (101-antennaSupervisionThreshold)*0.15 ohm
When VSWR supervision is used the threshold is mapped to a return loss (RL),
when performed by ASC:
RL = 4 + 0.1*antennaSupervisionThreshold dB
when performed by FU:
RL = 3.3 + 0.22*antennaSupervisionThreshold dB
VSWR = (1+10^(-RL/20))/(1-10^(-RL/20))
The threshold value 0 means that the supervision is turned off.
In this case ask the ASP to put dummy loads on the RBS to eliminate alarms with the
Antenna.

ALARM: ExternalTMA_degraded/Failed
Moshell <rbs>
cabx
# The cabx printout has PORT information at the end.
# For a 3 sector site there are 6 PORT information. One line for
# RU and FU devices (3 RU+3FU).
The printout shows the port, for example,
====================================
SMN APN PORT BOARD
====================================
0 12 port_0_dev_8 RU22
0 12 port_0_dev_8 FU
0 12 port_4_dev_9 RU22
0 12 port_4_dev_9 FU
0 12 port_8_dev_10 RU22
0 12 port_8_dev_10 FU

------------------------------------

lhsh 001200/port_x_dev_yy fui get devstat


# get port information from cabx
Ensure that the devstat printout from above has ~16000mV for each sector and the current
is between 50mA-200mA, if and only if the site has TMAs defined and is being powered by
the UMTS RBS (MO:externalTMA, Attribute:internalpower).
Each RBS in the US market, has threshold when this alarm is generated. These thresholds
are input into the RBS using scripts. The thresholds vary for single band TMAs and dual
band TMAs. Make sure that the right threshold is set for the type of TMA. Below is the
threshold script for quick reference.
acc SystemConstants=1 writeConst
y
300
00001
acc SystemConstants=1 writeConst
y
301
135
acc SystemConstants=1 writeConst
y
302
270
acc SystemConstants=1 writeConst
y
303
135
acc SystemConstants=1 writeConst
y
304
270
For more information about the thresholds please see the following document.

ALARM: Carrier Diversity Failed/Degraded


In the RBS antenna branch A is TX/RX while branch B is RX only. Hence there are two RX
paths (RX diversity). The RBS monitors the two RX paths and compares the signal received
from both of these paths. If there is significant mismatch between these paths (like TMA
failure on branch B. Remember branch B has no supervision) then this alarm is generated.
This alarm is suppressed if there is a higher priority alarm such as the
AI_Device_antenna_system_problem. Give lgar command in moshell to see if this alarm
was raised and suppressed.

ALARM: IMA UNUSABLE


Alarms on RBS
Symptom:
Warn IMA Link Reception Unusable at Far End remote_node_transmission_error
ImaGroup=1-1-ima1,ImaLink=3
Warn IMA Link Reception Unusable at Far End remote_node_transmission_error
ImaGroup=1-1-ima1,ImaLink=4
Warn IMA Link Transmit Unusable at Far End remote_node_transmission_error
ImaGroup=1-1-ima1,ImaLink=3
Warn IMA Link Transmit Unusable at Far End remote_node_transmission_error
ImaGroup=1-1-ima1,ImaLink=4
Warn Remote Defect Indication on IMA Link remote_node_transmission_error ImaGroup=11-ima1,ImaLink=3
Warn Remote Defect Indication on IMA Link remote_node_transmission_error ImaGroup=11-ima1,ImaLink=4
Solution:
Make a cv on the RBS and cold restart RBS to clear alarms for imalink=3 and imalink=4.
cvms <cv name> <user> <comment>
acc 0 restart
Alarm: Carrier_ULGainTruncated
Symptoms
The RBS sectors which have long feed cables with feeder loss bigger than 6db get alarm
Carrier_ULGainTruncated, Bad Coverage on UE
The parameter ulfeederAtteunation should be set according to the actual feeder length,

even if the feeder attenuation is greater than 6db.The TRs HG19495 and HG67667
(WRNad12085) have been opened in PLM.
The problem occurs at sites with feeder losses bigger than 6dB and it is the entered feeder
loss value that triggers this alarm.
The alarm doesn't point out a real error (except in the case that the operator enters a value
that are bigger than 6dB by mistake), its more of an information that the feeder are large
and performance can get degraded with large feeder losses.
REMEDY:
This is a warning alarm issued when the UL amplification internally in the RBS cannot
compensate for the attenuation in the Antenna Feeder Cable. Optimal sensitivity is no
longer obtained.
Nothing in the RBS changes state because of this situation and trafic handling continues.
The external attenuation, that is the combination of the gain of the TMA and the UL
Attenuation of the Antenna Feeder (AntFeederCable), is larger than what the Low Noce
Amplifier (LNA) on the FU can compensate for. When that situation arise, the alarm
Carrier_ULGainTruncated is issued.
Accept the presence of the warning alarm. The ulAttenuation of AntennaFeederCable shall
not be changed to a false value, as that impacts the power measurements.
This alarm is planned to be removed in a later sw revision on the RBS.
The correction to this fault, WRNad12085, will be delivered by CR WRNad14794 in RBS
CXP 901 0809 R30A, included in RAN 4.0.12 which is planned to be released on June 22.
The P5ED package name is not known at the moment but will be released at the same time
as the P4 package.
ALARM: Loss of Tracking & Loss of Synch Reference Redundancy
RBS> alt
1969-12-31 21:44:18 M Loss of Tracking replaceable_unit_problem Synchronization=1
1969-12-31 21:45:18 w Loss of Synch Reference Redundancy replaceable_unit_problem
Synchronization=1
RBS> lpr sync
060810-10:16:56 172.20.229.73
==================================================
================================
Proxy MO
==================================================
================================
102 Equipment=1,Subrack=1,Slot=1,PlugInUnit=1,Cbu=1,Ti mingUnit=1,TuSyncRef=1
1035 TransportNetwork=1,Synchronization=1
1102 NodeBFunction=1,RBSxxxSynchronization=1

1164 NodeBFunction=1,Iub=RBS,NodeSynchTp=1
RBS> get 1035
================================================== ============
1035 TransportNetwork=1,Synchronization=1
================================================== ============
SynchronizationId 1
degradationIsFault 0 (degrNotFault)
syncRefActivity i[8] = 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
syncRefPriority i[8] = 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
syncRefStatus i[8] = 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
syncReference [8] =
>>> syncReference = Equipment=1,Subrack=1,Slot=1,PlugInUnit=1,Cbu=1,Et
mc1=1,T1PhysPathTerm=pp1
>>> syncReference = Equipment=1,Subrack=1,Slot=1,PlugInUnit=1,Cbu=1,Et
mc1=1,T1PhysPathTerm=pp2
>>> syncReference =
>>> syncReference =
>>> syncReference =
>>> syncReference =
>>> syncReference =
>>> syncReference =
systemClockA 2 (lockedMode)
systemClockB 7 (notApplicable)
systemClockRedundancy 0 (SYSTEM_CLOCK_USERS_USE_PLANE_A)
userLabel
==================================================
================================
Total: 1 MOs
RBS> acl 1035
==================================================
================================
Proxy MO Action Nr of Params
==================================================
================================
1035 Synchronization=1 addSyncRefResource 2
1035 Synchronization=1 changeSyncRefPriority 2
1035 Synchronization=1 removeSyncRefResource 1
1035 Synchronization=1 resetLossOfTracking 1
==================================================
================================

RBS> acc 1035 resetLossOfTracking


==================================================
================================
1035 TransportNetwork=1,Synchronization=1
==================================================
================================
Are you Sure [y/n] ? y
==================================================
================================
Proxy MO Action Nr of Params
==================================================
================================
1035 Synchronization=1 resetLossOfTracking 1
Parameter 1 of 1, syncReference (moRef-ManagedObject):
Enter mo LDN: Equipment=1,Subrack=1,Slot=1,PlugInUnit=1,Cbu=1,Et
mc1=1,T1PhysPathTerm=pp1
>>> Return value = null
==================================================
================================Total: 1 MOs attempted, 1 MOs actioned
RBS> acc 1035 resetLossOfTracking
==================================================
================================1035 TransportNetwork=1,Synchronization=1
==================================================
================================
Are you Sure [y/n] ? y
==================================================
================================
Proxy MO Action Nr of Params
==================================================
================================
1035 Synchronization=1 resetLossOfTracking 1
Parameter 1 of 1, syncReference (moRef-ManagedObject):
Enter mo LDN: Equipment=1,Subrack=1,Slot=1,PlugInUnit=1,Cbu=1,Et
mc1=1,T1PhysPathTerm=pp2
>>> Return value = null
==================================================
================================
Total: 1 MOs attempted, 1 MOs actioned

RBS> alt
Alarm should be gone.