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Oracle 11g Installation Guide

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Author:
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Srinath Sudarsanam
Sudhir Jain
6/28/09
1.0

AUDIENCE
This document is a general reference for DBA within GNCS
PURPOSE
Key Words: Oracle 11g Install Guide
This document compliments the Oracle 11g Installation guides for Sparc Solaris and IBM
AIX systems.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE ................................................................................................................................ 1
AUDIENCE ....................................................................................................................... 1
PURPOSE.......................................................................................................................... 1
TABLE OF CONTENTS ................................................................................................. 1
DETAILED CONTENTS................................................................................................. 2
o Pre Installation Requirements:.................................................................................................2
- Solaris Section:..........................................................................................................................................2
- AIX Section: ...............................................................................................................................................3
o Installation: ...................................................................................................................................5
- Installation of Base Product 11.1.0.6 ...............................................................................................5
- Example CD (Replaces Companion CD from 10g)................................................................ 16
- Patching to 11gR1 Patchset 1 (11.1.0.7) ...................................................................................... 20
- Applying Bundle and CPU patches............................................................................................... 26
o Post Installation: ....................................................................................................................... 27
OWNER INFORMATION ............................................................................................ 28
REVISION HISTORY ................................................................................................... 28

DETAILED CONTENTS
o Pre Installation Requirements:
Note: Before installation of Oracle 11g, Please discuss with SE/SA teams these OS
requirements and check if these recommended settings are met to eliminate potential
install issues.
-

Solaris Section:

Solaris 10 (64-bit)
The following packages (or later versions) must be installed:
- SUNWarc
- SUNWbtool
- SUNWhea
- SUNWlibC
- SUNWlibm
- SUNWlibms
- SUNWsprot
- SUNWtoo
- SUNWi1of
- SUNWi1cs
- SUNWi15cs
- SUNWxwfnt
- Install Solaris packages SUNWuiu8 and SUNWulcf (For OUI issue)
Set export JAVA64FLAG="-d64" and start OUI from the staging area where the
Oracle patchset was unzipped

The following patches are required:


127111-02 s/b 127127-11 SunOS 5.10: libc patch
137111-04 s/b 137137-09 SunOS 5.10: kernel patch

The below are requirement for Pro C/C++,Oracle Call Interface(OCI), Oracle
XML developer's kit
-

117837-05: C++ compiler optimizer patch


117846-08: C++ compiler optimization patch
118682-01

Additionally, the following installation pre-requisites must be met if the specific


Oracle product listed is being installed:

Oracle JDBC/OCI Drivers:


- Sun JDK 1.5.0 (JDK 1.5.0_11)

The following are the compiler requirements for Pro*C/C++, Oracle Call Interface
and GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) with Oracle Database 11g Release 1
Sun One Studio 11
OS and Kernel Settings

umask must be 022


For Solaris 10 Oracle recommends setting all these values in the /etc/system file, as
well as, the Resource Control Facility.
Parameter
noexec_user_stack
semsys:seminfo_semmni
semsys:seminfo_semmns
semsys:seminfo_semmsl
semsys:seminfo_semvmx
shmsys:shminfo_shmmax
shmsys:shminfo_shmmni

Replaced by Res Control


NA
project.max-sem-ids
NA
process.max-sem-nsems
NA
project.max-shm-memory
project.max-shm-ids

Minimum Value
1
100
1024
256
32767
4294967296
100

AIX Section:

These operating systems are supported for 11g installation.


AIX 5L version 5.3, TL 05, Service Pack 06 or later
AIX 6L version 6.1, TL 00, Service Pack 04 or later
To determine the distribution and version of AIX installed, enter the following
command:
$ oslevel -s

The following operating system file sets are required for Oracle 11g Release 1:
- bos.adt.base
- bos.adt.lib
- bos.adt.libm
- bos.perf.libperfstat
- bos.perf.perfstat
- bos.perf.proctools
- xlC.aix50.rte:8.0.0.3 or later
- xlC.rte:8.0.0.0 or later
To determine whether the required filesets are installed and committed, enter a
command similar to the following:
lslpp -l bos.adt.base bos.adt.lib bos.adt.libm bos.perf.perfstat \

bos.perf.libperfstat bos.perf.proctools

To determine the supported kernel mode, enter a command similar to the


following:
$ getconf KERNEL_BITMODE

Following OS patches Specific to AIX 5.3 ML 5 and above required OS Patches:


- IY89080
- IY92037
- IY94343
- IZ01060 or efix for IZ01060
- IZ03260, or efix for IZ03260
- (IZ03260 for ML6, IZ03475 for ML7)
Note: There are no OS patch requirements for AIX 6.1 . However there are
instances in certain environments where invoking the installer or the DBUA
utility may fail. Installing OS patch IZ16878 on AIX 6.1 resolves the issue.
Please refer to Metalink article Note 743096.1 for more information.
To determine whether an Authorized Problem Analysis Reports APAR is
installed, enter a command similar to the following:
$ /usr/sbin/instfix -i -k "Y89080 IY92037 IY94343 Iz01060 Iz03260"

The following are the compiler requirements for Pro*C/C++, Oracle Call
Interface, Oracle C++ Call Interface, and Oracle XML Developer's Kit (XDK),
and GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) with Oracle Database 11g Release 1:
-

XL C/C++ Enterprise Edition V8.0 for AIX


GCC 3.4.5

Note: If you do not install the IBM XL C/C++ Enterprise Edition V8.0 compiler,
then you will not be able to compile/relink Pro*C/C++, OCI, OCCI, or XDK, but
you should still install the AIX Runtime Environment Component. The runtime
environment filesets can be downloaded with no license requirements from the
following link: http://www.ibm.com/support/
If you use HACMP, then note the following additional requirements:
- AIX: AIX 5.3 TL06 or newer (bosrte.lvm must be at least 5.3.0.60)
- HACMP: Ensure the following versions are installed:
- HACMP v. 5.3 with PTFS (APAR:IY94307) and cluster.es.clvm installed
- HACMP APAR: IZ01809
- RSCT (component of AIX): RSCT (rsct.basic.rte) version 2.4.7.3
- APARs required for GPFS v3.1.0.10: None

Oracle recommends that you set the ncargs system attribute to a value greater than
or equal to 128. The ncargs attribute determines the maximum number of values

that can be passed as command line arguments.

Ensure the system is started in 64-bit kernel mode. Verify it using the following
command:
$ bootinfo -K

o Installation:
Note: This section illustrates the general step-by-step procedure for installing
Oracle on AIX based systems. Please follow similar steps for Solaris installations
also.
The sections cover,
- Installation of Base Product 11.1.0.6
- Example CD (Replaces Companion CD from 10g)
- Patching to 11gR1 Patchset 1 (11.1.0.7)
- Applying Bundle and CPU patches
-

Installation of Base Product 11.1.0.6

Run rootpre.sh
Ask SE to run /ngs/install/oracle/AIX5l/11g/11.1.0.6/Disk1/database/rootpre.sh as
root

Go to /ngs/install/oracle/AIX5l/11g/11.1.0.6 and run runInstaller to start the


installation.
./runInstaller

(optionally use IgnoreSysPrereqs)

Click Advanced Installation and press next button.

Choose custom installation for Custom install.

Installer for 11g recommends base directory should not be /home/oracle (As per
OFA, Installer recommends Oracle home be subdirectory under Oracle base
and/or share a common home). However you can proceed by pressing YES.

Verify the Pre-requisites and click next.

Select components to install and click next.


- At the time of this writing of this document, Partitioning is the only
option that we are licensed to use. Please deselect other Enterprise options.
- Oracle Development Kit should be selected for install in Dev, Test and
Maintenance environments.

Choose DBA as the default group.

Select Install database Software only and click next

Click Install to proceed with installation.

Run root.sh as root from /usr/orasys/11.1.0.7r1/root.sh to complete installation of


11.1.0.6.

Example CD (Replaces Companion CD from 10g)

/usr/sbin/slibclean should be run by root to clean shared libraries which may


prevent file overwrite.
To install EXAMPLE CD Go to /ngs/install/oracle/AIX5l/11g/examples and run
runInstaller and click next to proceed.
./runInstaller

Accept the defaults and click next.

Verify prerequisites and click next and Install

Verify successful installation and Exit.

Patching to 11gR1 Patchset 1 (11.1.0.7)

/usr/sbin/slibclean should be run by root to clean shared libraries which may


prevent file overwrite.
For installation 11.1.0.7 patchset Go to
/ngs/install/oracle/AIX5l/11g/11.1.0.7/Disk1 and run runInstaller .
./runInstaller

Click next to continue.

Prerequsite check should complete without errors. Click Install to continue.

After installation SE to run /usr/orasys/11.1.0.7r1/root.sh as root and installation


should complete as successful upon confirmation OK below.

Applying Bundle and CPU patches

Note: Example below is for CPUJul2009. Similarly apply bundle patch using Opatch
napply.

Go to /ngs/install/oracle/AIX5l/11g/11107_JulCPU2009 and run apply cpu


patch using napply.
$ opatch napply -skip_subset -skip_duplicate
Verify that patches are installed.
$ opatch lsinventory
Invoking OPatch 11.1.0.6.2
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 11.1.0.6.2
Copyright (c) 2007, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
Oracle Home
: /usr/orasys/11.1.0.7r1
Central Inventory : /home/oracle/oraInventory
from
: /etc/oraInst.loc
OPatch version : 11.1.0.6.2
OUI version
: 11.1.0.7.0
OUI location : /usr/orasys/11.1.0.7r1/oui
Log file location : /usr/orasys/11.1.0.7r1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2009-0810_23-01-53PM.log
Lsinventory Output file location :
/usr/orasys/11.1.0.7r1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/lsinv/lsinventory2009-08-10_23-0153PM.txt
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Installed Top-level Products (3):
Oracle Database 11g
Oracle Database 11g Examples
Oracle Database 11g Patch Set 1
There are 3 products installed in this Oracle Home.

11.1.0.6.0
11.1.0.6.0
11.1.0.7.0

Interim patches (23) :


Patch 8563948
: applied on Mon Aug 10 22:43:02 GMT 2009
Created on 11 Jun 2009, 10:30:13 hrs UTC
Bugs fixed:
8563948

Patch 8563947
: applied on Mon Aug 10 22:42:17 GMT 2009
Created on 11 Jun 2009, 10:29:36 hrs UTC
Bugs fixed:
8563947
Patch 8563946 : applied on Mon Aug 10 22:42:00 GMT 2009
Created on 11 Jun 2009, 10:28:00 hrs UTC
Bugs fixed:
8563946
Patch 8563945
: applied on Mon Aug 10 22:41:56 GMT 2009
Created on 11 Jun 2009, 10:24:43 hrs UTC
Bugs fixed:
8563945
Patch 8563943
: applied on Mon Aug 10 22:41:53 GMT 2009
Created on 11 Jun 2009, 10:15:40 hrs UTC
Bugs fixed:
8563943
Patch 8658581
: applied on Mon Aug 10 22:39:17 GMT 2009
Created on 8 Jul 2009, 09:06:19 hrs UTC
Bugs fixed:
8658581
Patch 8534338
: applied on Mon Aug 10 22:41:40 GMT 2009
Created on 7 Jul 2009, 21:33:33 hrs PST8PDT
Bugs fixed:
8290478, 8534338
..
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------OPatch succeeded.
o Post Installation:
-

Apply DST Patch relevant to the version and as per latest published
Matrix on http://dodona.corp.apple.com:7777
Apply Patch 6800649 to allow sqlplus permission relaxation.
Verify /etc/oratab and remove the entry added at the end of the
/etc/oratab file (*:/$ORACLE_HOME:N)
Relink binaries if necessary (this is as advised for any known issues)

OWNER INFORMATION
Name:
Job Title:
Department/Group:
Email:

Srinath Sudarsanam
DBA Lead
GNCS Service Delivery/GCSDBA
Srinath@apple.com

REVISION HISTORY

Revision#
1.0

Date
June 28, 2009

Description
Created Standard document

Creator/ Reviser
Srinath
Sudarsanam