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a three-dimensional form constructed to represent a natural or imaginary shape.

It involves materials that can be shaped.
It is also considered a PLASTIC ART, a composition built in space.
Carved, assembled, constructed, fired, welded, molded, or cast and its final forms are often painted.

SCULPTOR a person who creates sculptures.

STATUES three-dimensional images of persons or animals shaped from solid substances, and these are
often displayed as public art.
1. In-The-Round (Free Standing) Sculptures can be viewed from all positions.
Ex: Statuary Images, Rizal Sculpture in the Park
2. Relief Sculptures carved with flat background, from only one piece of material.
Bas Relief Slightly raised sculptures.
High Relief - are carved to project more than half of their thickness to an almost round appearance,
but also protruding from flat surfaces.
3. Kinetic Sculptures constructed from moving parts and movement is an integral part of its effect.
Processes in Sculpture: Addition, Subtraction, Substitution and Manipulation
1. Carving a subtractive process; that is, it involves removing unwanted portions of the raw material
to reveal the form that the artist has visualized. Wood, stone, and ivory are the materials employed
in this process.
2. Modeling an additive process; that is, building the form, using highly plastic material such as clay
or wax. This results in a type of creative spontaneity.
3. Casting a more complicated process where a mold shapes some hot molten mass like plaster or
metal. These are then cooled to solidify after these masses take the form that the sculptor wants.
4. Fabrication another additive process where parts are fastened together by welding, stapling,
wiring, soldering, or nailing to form a final shape. Materials can be mixed, like a variety of metals, or
the sculpture may be assembled from found objects, materials we find in junkyard and in any place.

Stone: Limestone, sandstone, granite, basalt, marble, jade and gems

Metals: bronze, brass, copper, gold, silver, lead, iron, aluminum
Plaster finely ground gypsum or burned limestone.
Clay: earthenware, stoneware, porcelain
Jars and Vases made from clay are called TERRA COTTA. The surfaces of these clay wares were often
coated in glazed materials to make them more durable and attractive.
7. Glass produced by a blowing molten material like a bubble through a blowpipe.
8. Plastics a synthetic product made from organic materials like resins and wood, is the most
malleable and durable of modern sculptures mediums.
9. Paper
10. Food
In the process of sculpting, sculptors often build small preliminary models called MAQUETTES made of
other malleable materials such as plaster of Paris, wax, clay, or plasticine before a final work is shaped.

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