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. .

035700




2015

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811.111(075.8)
2

81.2-923
8032
29

:

;
, .

29

. .
  /
. . . / : , 2015.
423 . ( ).

ISBN 978-5-222-25362-5

$
, $
$
.
$
, $
, , .
$
, $
.

811.111(075.8)
81.2-923
ISBN 978-5-222-25362-5

. ., 2014
: , 2015

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

1.

$
, (Parts of Speech), $
, , $
(the Notional parts) (the
Functional parts or Link words).
$
, , , , $
, . $
$
, , ..
, , $
, , $
, . , , $
,
$
.

2.
(the Noun) ,
,
.

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$
:
1) (Proper Nouns) , $
, : world, Earth, sun,
Moscow, the Crimea, Peter, etc.
The Volga is the largest river in Europe.
.
2) (Common Nouns) $
, : house, girl,
country, book, honesty, etc.
Are the girls your daughters?
?
3) (Countable Nouns) , $
: river, ship, map, engineer, house, pencil,
box, pilot, room, etc.
There were many books in the bookcase.
.
4) (Uncountable Nouns)
, ,
: time, snow, air, sugar, wool, coal, friendship,
knowledge, milk, salt, cotton, etc.
Friendship is stronger than steel.
.
5) (Animate Nouns),
? mother, queen, boy, manager, student, pilot, woman, etc.
My brothers study at the University.
.
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6) (Inanimate Nouns),
? table, car, lamp, window, train, dictionary,
hand, etc.
There were some maps on the walls.
.
7) (Material Nouns): water, tea, silk, ice,
snow, milk, wheat, salt, butter, wool, bread, coffee, wine, etc.
Would you have your tea with milk?
?
8) (Abstract Nouns): greatness, kindness, sleep,
impression, wisdom, happiness, hunger, etc.
His kindness surprised us.
.
9) (Simple Nouns), $
: chair, flat, room, city, ocean,
boy, etc.
There are three rooms in our flat.
.
10) (Compound Nouns),
: schoolboy, bookcase, forget me not,
grown ups.
We need a new bookcase.
.
11) (Derivative Nouns), $
: independence, childhood,
movement, worker, cooperation, etc.

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Could you play chess in your childhood?


?
12) (Collective Nouns): army, people, group,
party, team, campus, collective, nation, class, etc.
All teams played football well.
.

, , $
, :
a house, an apple, the earth, on the table, in our street, my flat,
his son, those men, this building, Anns parents, etc.
C :
1. (Singular
and Plural Number): a book books, a lamp lamps, etc.
We have many books, what book would you like?
, ?
2. ( , $

):
a) (the Common Case)
$
,
( )
. :
, ; $
, .
The students need dictionaries.
.
- www.phoenixbooks.ru

b) (the Possessive Case)


$
?
$
$s,
.. $
s: my sisters room , the boys
cap , etc.
Is this your brothers house?
?
$

: our parents car ,
etc.
These are the girls books.
.

s,
, s.
He is these childrens father.
.


1) $
s:
book books, plant plants, table tables
There are many large plants in our country.
.

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2) , s, ch, sh, ss,


o, x, $
es:
inch inches, class classes, box boxes, hero heroes.
We shall remember our heroes.
.

: piano pianos; photo photos; zero zeros.

Will you show me your photos?


?
3) ) , y
,
$es,  i:
city cities, baby babies, factory factories
How many large cities are there in this region?
?
b) , y
,
s:
play plays, boy boys, day days
There are seven days in a week.
.
4) , $

en:
child children
man men
woman women
goose geese

foot feet
tooth teeth
mouse mice
ox oxen

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What school are these children from?


?
5) , f/fe $
ve $
es:
half halves
knife knives
leaf leaves
life lives

loaf loaves
shelf shelves
wife wives
wolf wolves

Look, the leaves turned yellow.


, .

o: roof roofs; chief chiefs;


handkerchief handkerchiefs

All roofs in this city were green.


.
6) ,
: sugar,
peace, friendship, love, iron, money, information, business.
Is the information true?
?
7) ,
, $
, : hair, advice, progress, knowledge,
news, etc.
The childs hair is dark.
.

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10

8) , , $
: trousers, spectacles, jeans, shorts,
scissors, glasses, scales, clothes, goods, riches, wages
.
The scissors are very sharp.
.
His trousers went out of fashion.
.
Do the sneakers fit you?
?
9) , $
:
sheep sheep
deer deer

swine swine
fish fish
means means works works

Have you ever seen a reindeer?


$ ?
There are many deer in this region.
.
10) , $
, $
:
datum data
phenomenon phenomena
medium media

analysis analyses
crisis crises
criterion criteria

It is a common phenomenon.
.
Such atmospheric phenomena are occasional in our region.
$
.
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11



:
1) (the Subject),
.
The books are in the bookcase.
.
2) (Part of the
Compound Nominal Predicate), $
$.
Ann is a doctor.
.
3) (the Object), $
.
Do you like this house?
?
4) (the Attribute),
.
The city sights attract tourists.
$
.
5) (the Adverbial Modifiers),
,
: When? Where? How? ..
In the evening I went to the Crimea by plane.
.

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12

1.
.

Tree, house, friend, machine, cup, hero, idea, family, tooth,


time, life, student, speed, book, hour, pen, umbrella, ox, sea,
picture, minute, box, word, goose, knife, sheep, woman,
postman, mouse, foot, child, dress, lady, memory, daughter$
in$law, shelf, photo, gentleman, schoolboy, grown$up,
classroom, fish, forget$me$not, phenomenon, bush, swine,
city, play, piano, baby, earring, deer, chairman, roof, pen$mate,
datum, leaf, inch, army, wall, birthday, half, crisis, bookcase,
wolf, page, match, potato, story, bus, fox, nose, prize, play.
2.
.

Melodies, knives, branches, phrases, wives, dishes, halves,


heroes, lorries, lines, cargoes, mice, paths, oxen, crises,
months, phenomena, teeth, chiefs, feet, children, leaves,
tomatoes, bushes, photos, watches.
3. ,
, .

1. Next year the child will go to school. 2. Who knows this


man? 3. The yellow leaf fell on the ground. 4. Ann, put this
book on the shelf, please. 5. Dont be afraid of my goose. 6. Had
you met this woman before? 7. We shall remember our hero.
8. Didnt he like my story? 9. She didnt want to fill her tooth.
10. This knife is very sharp. 11. Would you like a tomato?
12. There was a little grey mouse in the box. 13. Give our sheep
to drink water. 14. A coal fell out of the fire. 15. The traveller
hurt his foot. 16. I have never seen the north deer. 17. Who told
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13

you the news? 18. Have they ever been to this city? 19. We saw
an ox near the river. 20. Do you have much money? 21. His
clothes look rather smart. 22. When will your postman come?
23. Lift this box, please. 24. Is this information of any interest
for you? 25. Where did you put my spectacles? 26. This datum
is to be checked. 27. My friends gave me a good advice.
28. Helen was a nice girl with dark hair and blue eyes.
29. Do not put my trousers on. 30. It was the only means to
help them. 31. Are you a housewife or not? 32. The passerby
didnt look at us. 33. Is the milk fresh? 34. Kindness will save
the world.
. 4. :
A) 
.

1 A child hurt a foot. 2. The Presidents speech was very


interesting. 3. The yellow leaf fall from the tree. 4. Is there any
library in your city? 5. The roof of our new house will be green. 6.
Ann, put the box on the shelf. 7. Who is this woman? She is my
sons wife. 8. This knife is made of stainless steel. 9. Your story is
wonderful! 10. Is this a French or an English dictionary? 11. The
goose is in the yard. 12. There was no bush near the house.
)

1. The men were sailors. 2. We bought white mice for our


experiment. 3. Both children and women went to the cinema.
4. There are some wolves at our zoo. 5. The cargoes were shipped
yesterday. 6. Have you processed new data? 7. Our housewives
bought many vegetables. 8. Do your teeth ache? 9. The watches
are made in Britain. 10. These oxen came from Canada. 11.
What dishes do you prefer? 12. Our lives were long and
interesting.
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14

5.
, ,
.

A
1. Are these cups made of glass or plastics? 2. Give me 3 big
glasses. 3. How many thousands of bricks are produced by your
plant daily? 4. Is this school built of brick? 5. Do you like
coffee? 6. Will you give us two coffees, please? 7. The old man
read all our newspapers. 8. Michael needs much paper for his
work. 9. Coal is mined by miners. 10. A coal fell out of the fire.
11. They say that time is the best doctor. 12. How many times a
week do they attend these seminars? 13. They were offered some
exotic fruits for breakfast. 14. Last summer we had much fruit.
15. This soil was as hard as stone. 16. Who threw a stone at the
dog? 17. Dont try to kill two birds with one stone. 18. This man
has a heart of stone.
B
1. Many people state that beauty will save the world. 2. His
daughter was such a beauty! 3. Poets and artists create beauty.
4. Can you do without water? 5. The climate of this country is
mild due to the warm waters of the Gulf Stream. 6. The British
are fond of tea. 7. Bring us three strong teas, please. 8. Water
changes into ice when it freezes. 9. Would you like a chocolate
ice? 10. Youth is beautiful! 11. Both youths were very much alike.
12. Are these knives made of steel? 13. Various steels rank the first
among the most commonly used materials. 14. Friendship is
stronger than steel. 15. We decorated the New Year tree with
colored lights. 16. Please, turn on the light. 17. We need more
lights on this subject. 18. His new book saw the light in 2012.

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15

6.
.

1) Children, school, 2) a man, post, 3) end, week, 4) a room,


bed, 5) a mate, class, 6) a day, birth, 7) a recorder, tape,
8) craft, air, 9) a man, chair, 10) a book, text, 11) a wife,
house, 12) a coat, rain, 13) men, sea, 14) way, rail, 15) by,
passers, 16) friends pen, 17) a house, custom, 18) glasses, opera,
19) men, sports, 20) a pot, tea, 21) a chair, arm, 22) a note,
bank, 23) a friend, girl, 24) chief, in, commander,
25) ups, grown, 26) men, business, 27) a case, book, 28) paper,
news, 29) a box, letter, 30) pot, an ink, 31) a gull, sea, 32) a
place, fire, 33) a woman, sales, 34) phone, ear, 35) not, me,
forget, 36) ball, basket, 37) director, assistant.
7.
, ,
.

1) Man$of$war, 2) mother$in$law, 3) governor$general,


4) boy$friend, 5) postman, 6) passer$by, 7) merry$go$round,
8) grown up, 9) room mate, 10) Englishman, 11) hotel keeper,
12) schoolboy, 13) custom$house, 14) sales woman,
15) woman$doctor, 16) sportsman, 17) bookcase, 18) chatterbox,
19) cheese$cake, 20) bedroom, 21) sea$scape, 22) folk$song,
23) footstep, 24) fortune teller, 25) bagpipe, 26) balance$
wheel, 27) suitcase, 28) forget$me$not.
8. .

1. The detective was rather a tall (men, man). 2. Have you


heard the (new, news)? 3. This (work, works) is one of the largest
in our country. 4. The (postman, postmen) usually comes in
the morning. 5. There are some (child, children) in the park.
6. The boys (feet, foot) were rather long. 7. In autumn trees
shed their (leaf, leaves). 8. Are these (woman, women)
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16

(housewife, housewives)? 9. There are no (wolf, wolves) in our


forest. 10. Dont cut yourself, the (knife, knives) are very sharp.
11. All the (data, datum) have been processed. 12. Several
(cargoes, cargo) were shipped yesterday. 13. The workers carried
(brick, bricks) in ther hands. 14. Has the Presidents (speech,
speeches) impressed you? 15. The ground was as hard as (stones,
stone). 16. (Coal, coals) is still used to warm some houses.
17. I regularly clean my (teeth, tooth). 18. Whose (geese, goose)
is this? 19. Some (passer$by, passers$by) stopped to listen to
that wonderful music. 20. All the (gate, gates) are closed.
21. How beautiful these (forget$me$not, forget$me$nots) are!
9. :

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

,
,
,
,
,
,

7) ,
8) ,
9) ,
10) ,
11) ,
12)

Moscow, table, silk, Australia, money, interdependence, ox,


time, sea, bookcase, men, dictionary, Monday, honesty, people,
housewife, pride, water, Ann, physics, party, worker, child,
knowledge, ink, classmate, forget$me$not, paper, darkness,
car, potato, Smith, hero, village, monkey, glass, freedom,
father$in$law, chief, pot, Ireland, peace, love, Big Ben,
engineer, tower, Virgo, business, wisdom, river, coal, feet.
10.
. , ,
.

Appointment, construction, understanding, coexistence,


heroism, disarmament, passage, complexity, distribution,

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17

disconnection, appearance, fortress, reader, revolution,


poultry, saying, treasure, illness, inaccuracy, agriculture,
treasurer, recreation, cooperation, immaturity, illegality,
concentration, drawing, breakage, leader.
11.
,
.

A
: ness, er/or, tion, ist, ship, ing, ment, ty/y,
hood, ism, ess, ant, age, dom, ance/ence, sion/ssion, ure.
Assist, build, dark, happy, meeting, act, develop, free,
organize, work, dictate, improve, educate, govern, friend, art,
cold, agree, dark, child, assemble, king, cultural, marry, social,
examine, able, honest, science, move, important, complex,
dance, biology, moral.
B
: dis, im, co, in, mis, re, un, il.
Construction, armament, owner, comfort, author,
information, literacy, understanding, advantage, print,
building, form, fortune, employment, morality, agreement,
operation, reality, legality, convenience, taste, count,
possibility, appointment, creation.
12. .

1) Your fathers house, 2) our doctors glasses, 3) todays


news, 4) their sons toys, 5) this teachers book, 6) these girls
mother, 7) her parents car, 8) our engineers plan, 9) my sisters
son, 10) Helens best friend, 11) my childrens room,
12) Britains main industries, 13) this months events, 14) the
girls voice, 15) Mrs. Browns husband, 16) Sams younger
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18

brother, 17) the companys staff, 18) the clocks hands,


19) our friends names, 20) Rostovs main street,
21) Lermontovs best poems, 22) their sons house, 23) this
countrys policy, 24) Russias heroes, 25) yesterdays
information, 26) Moscows sights, 27) my best friends nephew,
28) our countrys national economy, 29) his fathers letters,
30) our directors study, 31) this books chapters, 32) our
countrys veterans, 33) the doctors prescription, 34) a months
salary.
13.
.

: (Mike) car is new. Mikes car is new.


A
1. (Peter) flat is in the center of the city. 2. This (woman) sons
are little. 3. (Helen) best friend is a sailor. 4. It is my (parents) car.
5. Are you that (man) son? 6. (Yesterday) information wasnt
very important. 7. We like your (daughter) dog very much. 8. Is
your (grandmother) house large or small? 9. There are many
rare and interesting books in my (father) library. 10. The (clock)
hands are made of some new metal. 11. What are your (sons)
names? 12. I am your (sister) daughter. 13. We were greatly
impressed by this (city) sights. 14. (Today) conference has been
a great success. 15. Our (relatives) children are now grown$ups.
16. (Tomorrow) meeting will take place in our club. 17. (Ann)
(husband) name is Nick. 18. The (fox) tail was rather long.
B
1. The (operator) cab is very comfortable. 2. Mary is my
(brother) wife. 3. This (town) streets were rather narrow. 4. I
think it is (the city) only cinema. 5. (Russia) exports exceeded
several billion roubles. 6. What is this (car) number? 7. Is this

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19

man (Kate) father? 8. (Andersen) life was full of hardships.


9. The (ship) crew consisted of young sailors. 10. Our (teacher)
name is Mr. Smith. 11. Your (cat) eyes are green.
12. This (singer) voice wasnt familiar to me. 13. I am sure (our
boss) birthday is in April. 14. Will you show me your (daughter)
pictures? 15. The (Queen) levee was a success. 16. Where is my
(son) room? 17. It is our (father) watch. 18. The (room)
windows are large.
14. of
.

: The passport of this man. / This mans passport.


1. New friends of our daughter. 2. The parks and squares of
my city. 3. The house of his parents. 4. Famous sportsmen of
Russia. 5. The sights of London. 6. The photo of my son.
7. The birthday of the famous writer. 8. The capital of our
country. 9. The staff of this company. 10. The voice of my
favourite singer. 11. The main industries of Britain. 12. The
events of this month. 13. The hands of this clock. 14. The heroes
of our land. 15. The achievements of our scientists. 16. The
elder sisters of Ann. 17. New shoes of our father. 18. The main
street of our city. 19. The days of the week. 20. The names of all
my friends. 21. The library of our Academy. 22. New songs of
this composer. 23. The hands of the boys. 24. The Underground
of Moscow. 25. The best shows of our group. 26. The money of
my parents. 27. The reports of our teachers. 28. Bright lights of
their car. 29. Numerous pets of my grandmother. 30. The largest
cinema of our city. 31. The poems of Byron. 32. The life of this
writer. 33. The camps of tourists. 34. The course papers of our
students. 35. The Organization of the United Nations.

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20

15.
.

1. The college students. 2. The World championship.


3. Spring days. 4. The rocket industry. 5. This country climate
conditions. 6. The city monuments. 7. The State University
faculties. 8. The school time$table. 9. The picture gallery.
10. A sandwich course student. 11. A school wall newspaper.
12. The clock minute hand. 13. The research work results.
14. The government powers. 15. A book shelf. 16. The magazine
pages. 17. The USA traditions and customs. 18. The Globe
nations. 19. The October weather. 20. A football team. 21. The
stone wall. 22. The dinner time. 23. The world exhibitions.
24. The summer months. 25. A bank branch. 26. The student
campus. 27. The part$time department. 28. The rest day.
29. A power station. 30. Consumer goods. 31. An iron bridge.
32. Exchange rate. 33. The cane sugar. 34. The school reform.
35. Animal products. 36. The UK Parliament.
16.
:

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

,
,
,
,
.

1. Russia is the worlds largest country. 2. The sun rise was


very beautiful. 3. Last week our family went to the seaside.
4. Todays information will be a surprise for the Smiths. 5. Are
they all your brothers? 6. My mother gave me a cup of tea.
7. Are these books written by your friend? 8. We shall speak to
his father tomorrow. 9. In the west and in the south Russia
borders on different states. 10. The city sights attracted crowds

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21

of people. 11. This girl is an engineer by profession.


12. Agriculture is this country economy important sector.
13. The postman will deliver all newspapers in the morning.
14. As a rule, the train leaves Roston$on$Don at six oclock.
15. Pauls bosom friend is a well known writer. 16. Are these
boys twins? 17. The students will attend all our seminars next
month. 18. There will be a new stadium in our city. 19. She left
the key on the table. 20. Please, put these books on the shelf.
21. The last leaves fell from the trees. 22. Is this fellow a reporter
or an operator? 23. My sons room is large and comfortable.
24. Where is your father now? 25. The copy of this contract was
sent to our partners some days ago. 26. Did you like our new
play? 27. The house roof was covered with snow. 28. Are you a
teacher?
17. .

1. All childs in our family are rather tall. 2. Peter, try to


improve your knowledges. 3. This bookcase has many shelfs.
4. As a rule, this postmen comes in time. 5. Yesterday the tourists
visited a gallery picture. 6. Ann elder brother is an pilot by the
profession. 7. Our parentss house is large and comfortable.
8. In this region we saw many sheeps. 9. There was a interesting
article in our newspaper school. 10. There was some exotic
fruits on the plate. 11. Many mans of our club can play football
well. 12. This women is one of my mother friends. 13. Are there
many goose in this village? 14. The stones wall was very high.
15. How much moneys have you? 16. In what part of our
country do the north deers live? 17. This factory produces
pianoes of different kinds. 18. Are these datum registered?
19. The child hair were brown and very soft. 20. The leafs of the
trees were dark green. 21. How many people live on Earth today?
22. Where did Mike hurt his foots? 23. Usually I go shopping
three time week. 24. What wage do you think fair? 25. As rule,

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22

we go for walk every evening. 26. Where did you get so many
papers? 27. Are the news of any interest for you?
18.
.

1. . 2. $
? 3. . 4. $
. 4.
. 5. . 6.
. 7. ? 8. $
. 9. .
10. . 11.
? 12. $
. 13. ? 14. $
? 15. ?
16. ? 17.
.
18. $
. 19. . 20. $
6 . 21. $
. 22. . 23.
. 24. ,
. 25
. 26. ? 26. $
. 27. ,
.

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23

3.
(the Article) , $

.
:
1. (the Indefinite Article) a/ an,
$
, $
: a house / an apple.
2. (the Definite Article) the, $
$
: the
Globe, the books.

:
I. a/an :
1)
( $
): a house, a map, an orange, an apple, etc.
At last we saw a little house.
.
Ann works as an advertising manager.
.
2) : a (one)
hundred, a (one) dozen, a (one) million/ billion, etc.
Yesterday I bought a dozen books in our shop.
.
3) : Its a pity. It is a pleasure. Be in a
hurry. Be at a loss. As a rule..., As a result..., As a matter of fact...

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24

Its a pity, we havent met in London.


, .
4)
: such, quite, rather, what.
What a beautiful child!
!
It is rather a long story.
.
5) : to have a good time, to have a rest, to
have a look, to catch a cold, to take a shower/ a bath, to give a
hand, to give a smile, etc.
We had a good time last week$end.
.
Suddenly Mary gave a smile to me.
.
6) : a lot of, a great deal of, a great
number of, a good deal of, a good many, a few, a little, a kind of,
for a long time.
You have done a great deal of work.
.
Yesterday I bought a few books.
.
7) : for a minute, for a walk, for a
while, after a while, in a week, in a year, in a low voice, all of a
sudden, at a speed of, etc.
May I go out for a minute?
?
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25

Ann was singing something in a low voice.


$ .
II. the :
1) $
: the city, the rooms, the
machine, etc.
Soon we shall see the city where our father lived.
, .
2) ,
: the Earth, the Globe, the sun, the sky, the universe, etc.
The Earth goes round the Sun.
.
3) , , , , ,
, , : the Volga, the Urals, the
Baikal, the Arctic Ocean, the Canary Isles, the Russian Federation,
the USA, the United Kingdom, the Sahara, the Black sea, etc.
The Baikal is the deepest lake in the world.
.
4) , , ,
, , , : the Red Square,
the Hermitage, the Bolshoi Theater, the Daily Telegraph, the
Virgo, the UNESCO, the British Museum, the Metropol, etc.
The Bolshoi Theatre is famous all over the world.
.
5) : the south, the east, to
the west, in the north, etc.
Russia borders on many countries in the west and in the south.

.
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26

6) : the first, the second,


the third, the eleventh, the twenty seventh, the millionth, etc.
Today is the seventh of April.
.
7) : the
largest city, the most important language, etc.
New York is the largest city of the USA.
$ .
8) one of, some of, each of, most of:
It was one of the best pictures in my collection
.
9) : same, following, right, wrong, only, whole
: in the morning/ in the
evening, in the street:
Tom was the only child in the family.
.
It was raining the whole evening.
.
We watch TV in the evening.
.
10) : the Ivanovs, the Petrovs, the
Smiths, the Browns, etc.
Last week the Petrovs left for the south.
.

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1. ............................................................................................................ 3
2. .......................................................................................... 3
3. ................................................................................................................. 23
4. ................................................................................................... 39
5. ........................................................................................... 66
6. ................................................................................................ 79
7. ..................................................................................................................... 91
7.1. .............................................................................................. 91
7.2. . ......................................................................................... 94
7.3.
(Active Voice) ...................................................................................................... 108
7.3.1. Indefinite (Simple) tenses ........................................................ 108
7.3.2. Continuous (Progressive) tenses ........................................ 124
7.3.3. Perfect Tenses ............................................................................. 142
7.3.4. Perfect Continuous Tenses ................................................... 157
7.4.
(Passive Voice) ................................................................................................... 169
7.4.1. .................... 170
7.5. to BE ...................................................................................................... 181
7.6. THERE + BE ................................................................................... 193
7.7. to HAVE .............................................................................................. 199
7.8. ......................................... 207
8. .................................................................................................... 222
9. ................................................................ 244
10. ........................................................................................................ 261
11. .............................................................. 278

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13. ....................................................................... 303
14. ........................................................................................................... 312
15. ........................................................................................................... 322
16. ................................................................................................................... 336
17. ............................................................................. 344
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18. ............................................................................................ 355
18.1. ....................................................................................... 355
18.2. . ............................................. 355
18.3. .................................................................................. 361
18.4. ................................................. 366
18.5. .......................................... 389
18.6. ..................................................................... 399
18.7. ........................ 402
19. ...................................................................... 405
20. .......................................... 416

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