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Background Info

Causes/ Track

Social Impacts

Typhoon Haiyan is an extreme example of a tropical

cyclone, the scientific name for a hurricane.
Scientists are not completely sure how they are
formed but the general consensus is:
A strong upward movement of air draws water
vapour up from the ocean.
As the air rises it spirals, cools and condensesreleasing huge amounts of wind energy, which
powers the storm.
Colder air sinks down through the centre of the
typhoon to form the eye.
When the hurricane reaches land and its source
of heat energy and moisture disappears- it
rapidly decreases in strength.
It was one of the strongest tropical cyclones ever
recorded. It devastated portions of Southeast Asia,
particularly the Philippines, in early-November 2013.
It was the deadliest Philippine typhoon recorded in

The super typhoon was fuelled by the ideal

conditions for a typhoon: low wind shear and a warm
Pacific Ocean.
It originated from a low-pressure area several
hundred kilometres east-southeast of the Federated
States of Micronesia on November 2nd 2013.
It then moved westward, where environmental
conditions favoured tropical cyclones, and the storm
became a tropical depression. The system over the
next days went through a period of rapid
intensification that brought it to typhoon intensity. By
November 6 it was a category 5 typhoons. It then
continued to intensify. On November 7th it made
landfall In the Philippines at Guiuan, Eastern Samar.
It gradually weakened and made five additional
landfalls before emerging over the South China Sea.
It then ended up in Vietnam as a severe tropical
storm on November 10.
Southeast Asia is vulnerable to typhoons particularly
as the vast expanse of warm water, the Pacific, acts
as the birthplace for storms and there is little land
around to slow the storms down.
Typhoon Haiyan hit land when it reached its peak,

Economic Impacts

Major rice and sugar producing areas were lost.

This meant that trade moved to countries such as
India, Vietnam and Thailand.
Coconut plantations were ruined- they previously
accounted for half the Philippines agricultural
exports. The country is the biggest in the world
for producing coconut oil.
Between 50,000 and 12,000 tonnes of sugar were
71,000 of hectares of farmland affected.
Total economic losses, as of 2013, were $2.86
Due to the loss of rice there was a 1.8% reduction
in the fourth quarter output.
The price of rough rice fell 0.9% and sugar
dropped 6.7%.
1.1 million crops were destroyed.

Environmental Impacts

The trail of uprooted trees and environmental

devastation this leaves behind bumps up global
warming by releasing a pulse of carbon into the
FAO say hundreds of thousands of hectares of
rice have been destroyed.
Coconut plantations have been completely
Fishing communities have been devastated- the
storm destroyed boats and gear consequently
killing marine animals.
Power barge 103 of Napocor in Estancia, Iloilo
was knocked down which caused an oil spill.

A humanitarian crisis was caused as 1.9 million

were left homeless and 6 million displaced.
Over one million farmers in the Philippines were
impacted according to the UN.
In Tacloban 90% of structures were either
destroyed or damaged. Other cities like Ormoc
are reporting similar damage.
The UN feared that diseased would spread due to
the lack of food, water, shelter and medication.
The lack of aid in certain areas of the country has
meant that the death toll is likely to rise and
more casualties were reported following the
In less affected areas such as Cebu their
population more than doubled after the typhoon
due to the influx of refugees into the area.
Overall 6,340 were confirmed dead with a further
1,061 missing.
In Tacloban City wisepsread looting took place
following the typhoon. Relief trucks were
attacked. Two of the citys malls and many
grocery stores were looted. A curfew has to be


Philippine communities are used to the passage

of typhoons- many towns have a disaster
management committee and these would of
made preparations.
The government issued major typhoon warnings,
and evacuated thousands of people to shelters.
After the typhoon the Red Cross distributed
water, water tanks, thousands of ready to eat
meals, medicine, shelter, blankets, generators,
satellite phones and body bags.
However there was a delay in aid. The head of
the UN disaster assessment team said that there
was a logjam of aid ready to go but there was
no way of moving it.
There was a 10 hour journey across stormdamaged land to reach people most in need.
Eventually some military flights were able to
Security was a problem as looting broke out.
"The delay was incredibly frustrating and in some
respects unacceptable," says Greg Barrow. "It's
not inevitable in all cases. But given the scale of