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Lab Activity: Job Market Research

Estimated Time: 30 minutes


Number of Team Members: one or more

Objectives:

Find prospective cabling positions using a variety of resources.

Organize potential positions into categories.

Discover possible educational directions for future opportunities.

Overview:
In order to locate prospective job opportunities, the student must be familiar with
the different methods of locating cabling-related positions.
There are many different types of available cabling jobs from an entry-level
Cable Installation Technician to a Cabling Installation Project Manager. In
addition, there are a number of advancement positions such as cabling marketing
representatives, estimators, and design engineers to name a few. This lab gives
the student the skills to research available job positions, determine where their
experience and skill sets lie within the job market, and plan future opportunities
and goals around their education and interests.

Preparation:
To investigate Internet job boards, access to the Internet must first be gained
whether at school, home, or local library.

Tools and Resources:

Internet job boards

Local newspaper classified sections

Additional Materials:

Telephone directory

URL:
http://www.uwsp.edu/career/InternetJobSearch.htm

http://www.uwsp.edu/career/JobSearchInfo.htm
Step 1 Find Potential Positions
Search through the job section of a newspaper by looking at categories such as
telecommunications, trades, technology development, and other related
categories. Additional resources that could be used to find cabling jobs are
temporary agencies that specialize in technical fields. A search engine can be
used to easily find such an agencies by using a search phrase such as temporary
agency technical. This phrase will return numerous results to choose from. Use
the Universal Resource Locator (URL) listed above to search Internet job boards
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for cabling positions. While searching, concentrate on keywords such as entrylevel, apprentice, trainee, and helper. Look for these keywords in combination
with job titles such as structured cabling, cable installer, and cabling technician.

Step 2 Take Notes


Read each job advertisement very carefully. Take note of any skill sets that are
desired by employers in the field including education, experience, and
certifications. Once experience has been gained in the field, further education
and certifications are goals toward which to work. These will help to advance a
career and find the best types of jobs that suit interests and future plans.

Step 3 Organize
Organize job openings into categories for easy reference using a word processing
or spreadsheet program of choice. For each entry, provide a description, job title,
skills required, contact phone number or address, and a detailed reference of the
source material. Source material can include the URL for the page on which it is
found, the name of the newspaper, date, job category, and page. Source material
can include job posting number or reference number.

Step 4 Occupational Planning


Choose two job openings.
What is the job title for the first opening? _______________________________
What is the job title for the second opening? _____________________________
What are the educational requirements or the certification requirements for the
first job?
_________________________________________________________________
What are the educational requirements or the certification requirements for the
second job?
_________________________________________________________________
What is most interesting about these two entries?
_________________________________________________________________
How do these jobs relate to future goals in the industry?
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
Based on these answers, list the steps needed to reach these goals, providing the
student is hired for one of these positions.
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________

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Lab Activity: Electrical Safety


Estimated Time: 10 minutes
Number of Team Members: Up to six
Objectives:

Identify the parts of an AC outlet.

Understand how current flows.

Use a multimeter safely.

Overview:
This lab will explain the functions of each wire and the voltages present within
an AC outlet. The following figures depict the three most common AC outlets
found around the world. If your AC outlet does not match one of these, ask your
instructor to help with this lab.

AC outlets are typically connected to three wires: the ungrounded, the grounded,
and the grounding conductor.

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The black or red wire is the ungrounded, or hot, conductor. This is the conductor
that feeds power to an appliance.
The white wire is the grounded, or neutral, conductor. It is the electricity path
back to ground, which completes the circuit.
The green, or bare copper, wire is the grounding conductor. It is an extra safety
wire that provides an additional path to ground which is normally connected to
an appliance housing.
Current normally flows between the ungrounded conductor, or hot, and the
grounded conductor, or neutral. Current flows through the grounding conductor
in the event of a fault.
A multimeter is an electrical testing tool capable of detecting voltage levels,
resistance levels, and open or closed circuits. It can measure both Alternating
Current (AC) and Direct Current (DC) voltages. Opens and shorts are shown by
the amount of resistance for each circuit type. Opens are very high resistance and
shorts are very low resistance. This resistance is measured in ohms.
Direct Current is a voltage at a certain level that stays at that level flowing in one
direction. A battery produces DC voltage. One battery terminal is positive and
one is negative. When a load such as the light bulb in a flashlight is connected
between the terminals, electricity flows through the filament in the bulb causing
it to glow.
Alternating Current is a voltage that rapidly changes between positive and
negative. An example of AC is the common wall outlet. In most countries, this
outlet provides either 220-240V AC or 120V. Some appliances in the United
States and Canada like ovens or clothes dryers need a higher voltage of 220V.
Special AC outlets are provided to accommodate these appliances in these areas.
The majority of the outlets used throughout the world (more than 75%) use 220240V AC in all of the outlets.
Warning: All electrical outlets and wires should be treated as if they contain
electrical current, whether they have been turned off or not.

Preparation:
Find a working outlet in the lab room.

Tools and Resources:

Multimeter

Additional Materials:

Outlet drawings. If none of the drawings included with this lab match the
outlet in the classroom, the instructor can create a drawing on the board
and label it accordingly.

Instructions provided with the multimeter

URLs:
http://www.fluke.com
http://www.multimeterwarehouse.com/usingamultimeter.htm

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Step 1 Using a Multimeter

Note: There are many different types of multimeters available. The images
shown may be different and some functions may not be available. Ask the
instructor to explain the symbols and use of the multimeter being used in this lab.
It is very important to set the meter to the correct setting for the application.
Some meters can be damaged if they are not set correctly. Ask the instructor for
help to ensure no damage is being done to the multimeter.
Warning: Do not touch the bare metal parts of the probe.

HOLD This button is pressed to freeze the present reading on the


display.

MIN MAX This button stores minimum, maximum, and average input
values.

RANGE This button exits auto ranging and locks on the present range.

Hz This button is pressed to measure the frequency of a voltage or


current signal.

Set the meter to AC Volts. Insert the red probe into the ungrounded conductor
slot or hole, which is hot. Insert the black probe into the grounded conductor slot
or hole, which is neutral.
What is the reading on the meter?
Reading was 119 volts________________________________________________________

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Step 2 Turn the Probes Around


Remove the probes from the outlet. Insert the red probe in the grounded
conductor slot or hole and the black probe in the ungrounded conductor slot or
hole. What is the reading on the meter?
Reading was 119 volts____________________________________________
Is there a difference in the readings?
No___________________________________________________________
If there is a difference, what could account for it?
There aren't _reading_differences____________________________________

Step 3 Checking for Ground


If a grounding slot or hole is not available in the area, skip the first two
questions.
Leave the black probe in the ungrounded conductor slot or hole then remove the
red probe and insert it into the grounding conductor slot or hole in the outlet.
This is the safety ground.
What is the reading on the meter?
It was 58 volts________________________________________
Replace the red lead into the grounded conductor slot or hole. Remove the black
lead and insert it into the grounding slot or hole.
What is the reading on the meter?
It was 8_volts___________________________________________________
If a person were to touch the ungrounded conductor and a grounded part of the
building, would that person receive an electrical shock?
No____________________________________________________________
If a person were to touch the grounded conductor and a grounded portion of the
building, would that person receive an electrical shock?
Yes________________________________________________________________

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Lab Activity: Ladder Safety


Estimated Time: 20 minutes
Number of Team Members: Up to five
Objectives:

Properly handle ladders

Identify the safe working height

Identify the safe working load

Find ladder safety resources

Overview:
Two stepladders are deployed in the lab. Working in small teams, examine one
of the stepladders and answer questions from the lab sheet regarding its
construction and safe use.

Preparation:
Place the stepladders in a clear area.

Tools and Resources:

Tape measure

Stepladders

URL:
http://www.ladders-online.com/acatalog/ladder_safety.html

Additional Materials:
Regional-specific safety literature as required, instructors choice.

Step 1 Measuring the Ladder


In an open area, unfold a stepladder and lock the sidebars into place. Take note
of the positions of all labels. Measure the height of this ladder.
How tall is this ladder? Read the insignia and labels.
It's 6 feets_____________
Using a tape measure, measure the height of the top platform perpendicular to the
ground. What is the measurement?
5.9 feets._______________

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Why are these two measurements different?


There are_differences_of_measurements_with both closed and opened ladder.
How much weight can the ladder hold?
225 pounds_____________________

Step 2 Ladder Construction


Of what material is this ladder made? Glass fiber and aluminum___________
What are some of the advantages or disadvantages of this construction?
Advantage: It does not conduct electricity and It is lighting________________
Disadvantage: Cannot hold no longer_a weight_______________________
Is this ladder likely to conduct electricity? No, It doesn't_________
If the ladder is likely to conduct electricity, name at least two places where it
should not be placed.
An Electrical Room or Close to a post-light _____________________________

Step 3 Ladder Use


Inspect one of the stepladders, and read the attached markings.
Which of the rungs is the highest one that workers can safely stand on?
The last step_______________________________________________
What makes this an easy or hard decision to make?
Lack of a higher ladder______________________________________
What must be extended and locked before it is safe to climb this ladder?
Safety arms_________________________________________________
Where can up-to-date, accurate information about ladder safety be found?
Inside the manufacturer website_________________________
What keeps this ladder from moving?
Braces__________________________________________________________
If the ground beneath the ladder is uneven, should a brick be placed under one
leg of the ladder, or should the ladder be moved until stable footing can be
found?
It is not the correct thing to place the ladder beneath objects________
What can happen if the ladder steps are used as shelves to hold tools and other
things?
Tools could fall ________________________________

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What can happen if a student tries to move a ladder a few feet to one side or the
other by jumping while on it instead of dismounting and moving it?
Could suffer a terrible accident____________________________________
How many people can be on a ladder at the same time?
One person only________________
What insignias or markers exist on the ladder to let a person know that the ladder
was constructed to comply with any standards or electrical codes?
ANSI A14.5____________________________________________________

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Lab Activity: Fire Safety


Estimated Time: 5 minutes
Number of Team Members: Up to four

Objectives:

Identify the different types of fires.

Learn how to use a fire extinguisher.

Determine if a fire extinguisher is charged.

Overview:

Trash, liquid, and electrical fires may require a different suppressant to


extinguish them. Not all fire extinguishers can extinguish all types of fires.
In order for a fire extinguisher to properly extinguish a fire, it must be fully
charged with fire suppressant.
Examining a fire extinguisher tells the installer what type of fire it can extinguish
and if the fire extinguisher is fully charged. The images here represent some of
the major color and letter codes used on fire extinguishers around the globe. If
the one in the classroom does not correspond with these color or letter codes, ask
your instructor to explain any local codes used in the area.

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Tools and Resources:

Fire extinguisher

URL:
http://www.hanford.gov/fire/safety/extingrs.htm

Safety:
Important: Do not pull the pin on the fire extinguisher during this lab
exercise.

Step 1
A good acronym to remember is:
P A S S Pull, Aim, Squeeze, and Sweep
Pull the pin that keeps the handle from being accidentally pressed.
Aim the nozzle toward the base of the fire.
Squeeze the handle to discharge the extinguisher. Releasing the handle will stop
the discharge.
Sweep the nozzle back and forth at the base of the fire.

Step 2
Examine the fire extinguisher and answer the following questions:
For what types of fires is the extinguisher approved?
A,B,C____________________________________________________________
What is a type A fire?
Ordinary_combustibles______________________________________________
What is a type B fire?
Flammables liquids__________________________________________________
What is a type C fire?
Electrical Equipment_________________________________________________
Is the extinguisher fully charged?
Yes_______________________________________________________________
At what pressure is it charged?
It is charged at 1,345 PSI_____________________________________________
Fire extinguisher size is rated in pounds. What size extinguisher is being
examined?
10 pounds_________________________________________________________
There is a small plastic ring securing the pin called the tamper ring. What is its
purpose?
Avoid to take off accidentally_the pin of the extinguisher___________________
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Lab Activity: Tool Usage and Safety


Estimated Time: 20 minutes
Number of Team Members: Up to four

Lab Objectives:

Identify many of the tools that are used in cable installations.

Examine and handle the tools that are used in cable installations.

Overview:
The type of cable that is being installed determines the tools that are needed for a
job. Proper tools are required to install cables correctly and safely. While not
every tool will be used in every cable installation job, it is important to know
about most of the tools and supplies that may be used to ensure quality
installations and to complete the jobs in a safe and timely manner.
Safety is a consideration for every task. It is critical that precautions are taken to
ensure that the job is done safely. Knowing how to use the tools will help prevent
injuries.
The purpose of this lab is to identify the commonly used tools and supplies that
can be used in cable installation jobs and learn how to use them safely. Keep in
mind that the names of some tools may vary between regions and countries and
installers often use nicknames for some tools.
Warning: Instructor must be present during this lab. Some of the tools introduced in this
lab are dangerous.
Before handling each tool, read the section in the lab that corresponds to the tool. The
section will review how each tool works and review any safety measures that must be
followed.

Required Resources:

Core Kit tools

Local Kit tools

URLs:
http://www.du.edu/risk/Tool_Safety.html
http://siri.uvm.edu/ppt/handsafe/index.htm

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Lab Activity: Tool Usage and Safety

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Step 1 Cutting Tools


Handle all of the tools listed. Simulate how they would be used in the field.
Diagonal Cutting Pliers

Diagonal cutting pliers, also referred to as side cutters, are used for cutting ISOD (Category 5e) cables and other small to medium copper cables such as 25-pair
cable. They can also be used to score the jacket of a cable. These cutting pliers
should only be used for cutting copper. Cutting steel wire will dull the blades
rapidly.
Care should be taken when using side cutters. Besides the obvious hazard of
cutting fingers, it is possible to get fingers pinched between the handles.
Safety glasses should be worn when using this tool. Bits of cut wire could fly up
into the eyes when cutting.
Linemans Pliers

Linemans pliers are used for cutting larger copper cables like 25-pair cable.
They can also be used for cutting smaller steel cables. Linemans pliers have a
large heavy head. The pliers can also be used for pounding. Students should take
care not to pinch their fingers or cut themselves when using linemans pliers. As
with all cutting tools, safety glasses should be worn.

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Panduit Wire Stripper Tool

The Panduit wire stripper tool is used to remove the outer sheath from twisted
pair cable and small coaxial cable. The tool is pulled apart to retract the cutting
blade. Cable is inserted into the hole and the installer releases the blade. The tool
is spun around the cable one turn. It turns in a clockwise direction for cables
with thinner jackets and counter clockwise for cables with thicker jackets. The
tool is then spread apart to remove the tool. The jacket can now easily be pulled
off. Because this is a cutting tool, safety glasses should be worn when using this
tool.
Electricians Scissors

Electricians scissors, also known as snips, can be used for cutting twisted pair
cable and miscellaneous wire on an installation project. There is sometimes two
notches on the back edge of one of the blades. These notches are used to skin
insulation from individual conductors. The scissors can also be used for scoring
cable jackets. As with other cutting tools, care should be taken not to pinch
fingers between the handles or cut fingers. Always wear safety glasses when
using snips.

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PVC Cutting Tool

The pvc cutting tool is used for cutting pvc pipes and is an excellent tool for
cutting plastic surface mount raceway. The tool is opened by grasping the
handles and pulling them apart. The open jaw of the tool is put over the raceway.
As the handles are squeezed, a ratcheting action closes the blade. Repeated
squeezing of the handle closes the blade and cuts the raceway.
Warning: The blade on the tool is very sharp and the ratcheting action provides
a lot of leverage on the blade. Keep fingers out of the jaws of this tool at all
times. Safety glasses should be worn when using this tool.
Drywall Saw

This is a common tool that is used to cut drywall. The blade of the tool is serrated
to rip through the drywall. The end of the blade is very sharp for poking holes in
the drywall to start cutting. Always be very careful with this tool because the saw
can cut through the wall very quickly. Always wear safety glasses when using
this tool and always keep hands and fingers away from the blade

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Lab Activity: Tool Usage and Safety

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Utility Knife

The utility knife is used for any number of tasks where a razor blade is needed.
The blade on this tool is razor sharp and can create very deep wounds. Always
use great care when using this tool to make sure hands and fingers are kept away
from the blade. Safety glasses should be worn when using this tool. Only push
the blade out when cutting material. As soon as the material has been cut, retract
the blade back into the handle. Also, always make sure the blade is locked. Ask
the instructor to demonstrate how the blade is ejected, locked, and extracted
before handling this tool.
Panduit Wire Snipping Tool

The Panduit wire snipper tool is used for cutting excess wire when installing a TX
Mini-Jack. The tool will cut copper conductors flush with the termination cap. The
wire snipper tool should not be used for cutting twisted pair cables. It is designed for
cutting individual conductors only. This tool is very sharp and care should be taken
when using it. Remember to be careful of the sharp tips on the blades as well. As with
all cutting tools, safety glasses should be worn when using this tool.
Which of the above tools can be used for pounding?
None of them__________________________________________________________
Name the 3 tools above used to cut twisted pair cable.
Panduit_wire_Snipping tool, Diagonal cutting pliers_and Electrician's scissors_____
_____________________________________________________________________

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Which 2 of the above tools could be used to cut a 25-pair cable?


Diagonal cutting pliers_and_Lineman's pliers_____________________________
Why would linemans pliers be used to cut steel cables instead of diagonal pliers?
Because Lineman's pliers has much more potency ____________________
_____________________________________________________________________
How many times is the cable stripping tool rotated to remove a cable jacket?
It is variable, depends on wire quality_______________________________________

Which cutting tools require safety glasses when using?


All of them_______________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

Step 2 Termination Tools


Handle all of the tools listed. Simulate how they would be used in the field.
Panduit Single Pair Punch Tool

The single pair punch tool is used for terminating cable pairs on termination
blocks and on the back of some types of patch panels. The tool will accept blades
used to terminate all of the popular termination blocks and panels. The tool in the
lab is equipped for terminating cable pairs on 110 blocks. The blade is reversible.
It has a cut position on one side. In this configuration, the tool will punch down a
wire and cut off the excess wire in a single motion. The other side of the blade
will punch down without cutting. The cutting side is marked on the body of the
tool. Blades are removed by twisting the blade counter clockwise and pulling the
blade out of the tool. To install the blade, insert it into the tool and twist
clockwise. Be careful when using this tool or changing the blades because the
small blade on the end can cause cuts.
A wire is inserted into its slot in a termination panel. Grasp the tool by the
handle. Keeping the tool perpendicular to the block, push the blade over the wire.
This is an impact tool. As the handle is pushed, spring tension increases until the
tool snaps and releases the energy of the compressed spring. The wire is

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completely seated into its position and the excess wire is cut off. The tool
features an adjustable impact setting.
Panduit Multipair Punch Tool

The multipair punch tool is used to insert conductors on 110 Blocks. The tool
will insert and cut five pair at one time. The tool is also used to terminate three,
four, or five 5-pairs of conductors at a time by seating C clips over them after
they have been inserted. The multipair punch tool features reversible and
replaceable cutting blades. By twisting the head of the tool, a detent is released
and the head can be removed from the tool. Cutting blades are slid out from the
side of the head. The blades can be installed facing forward for cutting, or facing
backward for seating C clips. Be very careful with this tool because it has
numerous small blades that can cause cuts. The tool is used in a fashion similar
to the single pair punch tool. Up to five pairs are inserted in the block, the tool is
placed over the pairs, and the installer pushes on the tool until the energy in the
spring is released in a sharp impact. This is a high impact tool and is not suitable
for use on the back of patch panels.
TX Mini Jack Termination Tool

The TX Mini Jack termination tool is used to press the termination cap into a TX
Mini Jack. The termination tool assures a proper and uniform installation of the
termination cap into the jack.
Describe the difference between the two ends of the blade on the 110 punch tool.
One of them is Cat 5 and the other is Cat3_____________________________
_________________________________________________________________

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How is the blade removed on the multipair punch tool?


Pulling the blade___________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
How is the blade removed on the 110 punch tool?
Pulling the blade__________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
Why does the multipair punch tool have a reversible blade?
For cutting the rest of wire___________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
Why does the 110 punch tool have a reversible blade?
For cutting the rest of wire__________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
What tool is used to terminate a Mini-Jack?
TX mini jack termination tool_________________________________________
Why cant the multipair punch tool be used at the back of a patch panel?
Because, make much more presure on it__________________________________
_________________________________________________________________

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Step 3 Crimp Tools


Panduit 8P8C Crimp Tool

The 8P8C crimp tool (sometimes called an RJ-45 crimp tool) is used for
installing 8P8C connectors on the end of a cable. Wires are inserted into the
connector following the proper color code. The connector is inserted into the tool
until the connector clicks into place. The handles of the tool are squeezed
completely until they release. This is a ratcheting tool, so the handles will not
return to their full open position until the tool fully closes. Keep fingers out of
the open jaws of the tool. There is a release lever between the handles of the tool
that will allow the jaws to open without fully closing them. This is a safety
feature.

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