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SCENARIO

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SIMULATION


PT.PERTAMINA PERSERO
Operation Unit
Occurrence

:
:

On Shore
Fire on Christmas Tree and Hazards of H2S

Date:
Time:

I. Event Scenario
Production well under normal conditions of operation when the Pick Up vehicle of Maintenance to the location where the road is
in slippery conditions because of the rain and makes the Pick Up slips right to Christmas Tree with no fences leading to crash
and leaking the pipeline flange 4", therefore oil gush occurs to the surrounding and burns due to conclusion causing flame.
The Pick Up Vehicle survived but not burn, but it leads two maintenance workers who sit in the back of a pick up inhaling H2S
gas which comes up along with the oil gush at the scene.
Maintenance supervisor who is sitting next to the driver orders to far away from well and reports the incident to the Fire Station
by using Handy Talky (HT).
HSE Supervisor at Fire Station reports the incident to the On Scene Commander then directly forwarded to the Incident
Commander and Emergency Response Commander as well.
Incident Commander with the approval of the Emergency Response Commander declares that situation is emergency and
orders to activate the emergency sirens.
Incident Commander commanding the On Scene Commander along with the Fire Brigade immediately go to the scene and take
the response action.
Emergency response is accomplished and the Incident Commander by the approval of the Emergency Response Commander
declares that the location is safe.

II.

Response Scenario

Emergency Communication

No.

Emergency Situation and Condition

Executor/PIC

1.

By hitting Christmas Tree resulting gusher and burning as well as the dangers of
emerging H2S, thus, Incident Commander declares this incident as emergency
therefore instructing for sounding the Emergency sirens.

Incident Commander

2.

HSE Shift Supervisor sounding the Emergency Sirens as the notification that has
already occurred an emergency, and all officers within the Emergency Response
Organization conduct the tasks and their responsibilities as meet procedure.

HSE Shift Supervisor

3.

On Scene Commander reports the emergency to Incident Commander and forwarded


to Emergency Response Commander. Then On Scene Commander coordinates
regarding the emergency response together with Emergency Response Team at the
scene.

On Scene Commander
Incident Commander.
Emergency Response
Commander.

curity and Evacuation Operation


No.
1.
2.

Emergency Situation and Condition


Security Officer conducting evacuation towards the community at vicinity location of
Christmas Tree (well #12) in order to prevent the victims due to the H2S gas
exposure.
Security conducts the monitoring towards the possibility of any personnel entering
within the hazards radius.

Executor/PIC
Security Team
Security Team

3.

Security action continually conducted around the scene particularly the traffic by
prioritizing for the fire truck and ambulance.

Security Team

4.

Security officer keeps conducting patrol around the scene until the condition is stated

Security Team

2)
Se

safe.

Rescue the Accident Victims


No.

Emergency Situation and Condition

1.

Executor/PIC

Rescue Team arrives at the scene got the report that there are 2 victims still at the
scene.
Rescue Team evacuates the victims using Breathing Apparatus and stretcher get
away from the oil gush source which contains H2S.
2. 1 Medical Team rescuing the victims absorbed H2S gas. Those are 2 (two)
Maintenance Officers that are still conscious and placed in safe radius.

Rescue Team

3.

Medical Team

All victims proceed taken away to the local Pertamina Hospital to get further medical
treatment.

Medical Team

Emergency Response Operation


No.

Emergency Situation and Condition

1.

On Scene Commander along with Fire Brigade and Rescue Team as well as Fire
Water Crash Tender dispatch to the scene and followed by Medical Team and
ambulance.

2.

At the scene, HSE Officer measures the H2S gas surrounding the scene in order to
ensure that H2S gas released not more that TLV-TWA (ACGIH- 10 ppm) that can
endanger the team within the emergency response. Based on this measurement
appointed that the safe radius is 40 m from the gush source.
On Scene Commander coordinates the emergency response by ordering Fire Brigade
to use Breathing Apparatus when doing fire fighting and to close the valve on
Christmas Tree to stop the gush of oil and gas containing H2S.

3.

Executor/PIC
On Scene Commander
Rescue Team
Fire Brigade
Medical Team
HSE Officer

On Scene Commander
Fire brigade

4.

Fire Brigade conducting fire fighting by using Water Crash Tender with the strategy to
close the valve by making water curtain from Water Spray Nozzle 2,5 amounted 2
units on right and left position along the fire man in the middle whose the task is close
the valve move forward together as wind direction.
Valve can be closed rapidly so the oil gush can be stopped and the fire can be
extinguished, thus continue with cooling to prevent the flash back.

Fire Brigade

5.

HSE and Security Officers controlling and monitoring the Hydrocarbon Gas and H2S
regularly.
The Control towards the sparking sources at the scene vicinity continually conducted.

HSE Officer
Security Team

6.

On Scene Commander coordinating with the Oil Spill Response Team for containment
and vacuum the oil spill to prevent the environment pollution.

On Scene Commander
Oil Spil Emergency
Response Team

5)
No.

Emergency Situation and Condition

Executor

Provide logistic for the emergency response team on scene.

Logistik Team

Documenting the emergency response process, since dispatching Crash Tender,


traffic controlling at the scene, attempting to rescue victims until the fire fighting
operation.
Serving the interview with the government authority and pers.

Media Relation Team

III.

Supporting Operation

Media Relation Team

Response Operation Accomplish

No.

Emergency Situation and Condition

Executor

1.

Emergency response accomplish and On Scene Commander reports the Incident


Commander and forwarded to Emergency Response Commander.

2.

Emergency response accomplish and as approval from Emergency Response


Commander, The Incident Commander declares that emergency is completely
controlled and condition is safe.

On Scene Commander
Incident Commander.
Emergency Response
Commander
Incident Commander.