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SECTION 05120

STRUCTURAL STEEL

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1 RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
Conditions and Division 1 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.

1.2 SUMMARY

A. This Section includes structural steel and architecturally exposed structural steel.

B. Related Sections: The following Sections contain requirements that relate to this Section:

1. Division 1 Section "Quality Control" for independent testing agency procedures and
administrative requirements.
2. Division 5 Section "Steel Deck" for field installation of shear connectors.
3. Division 5 Section "Metal Fabrications" for loose steel bearing plates and miscellaneous
steel framing.
4. Division 9 Section "Special Coatings" for surface preparation and priming requirements.
5. Division 9 Section "Painting" for surface preparation and priming requirements.

1.3 PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

A. Structural Performance: Engineer structural steel connections required by the Contract


Documents to be selected or completed by the fabricator to withstand design loadings indicated.

B. Engineering Responsibility: Engage a fabricator who utilizes a qualified professional engineer


to prepare calculations, Shop Drawings, and other structural data for structural steel
connections.

1.4 SUBMITTALS

A. General: Submit each item in this Article according to the Conditions of the Contract and
Division 1 Specification Sections.

B. Product Data for each type of product specified.

C. Shop Drawings detailing fabrication of structural steel components.

1. Include details of cuts, connections, splices, camber, holes, and other pertinent data.
2. Indicate welds by standard AWS symbols, distinguishing between shop and field welds,
and show size, length, and type of each weld.
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3. Indicate type, size, and length of bolts, distinguishing between shop and field bolts.
Identify high-strength bolted slip-critical, direct-tension, or tensioned shear/bearing
connections.
4. Include Shop Drawings signed and sealed by a qualified professional engineer
responsible for their preparation.

D. Qualification data for firms and persons specified in the "Quality Assurance" Article to
demonstrate their capabilities and experience. Include lists of completed projects with project
names and addresses, names and addresses of architects and owners, and other information
specified.

E. Mill test reports signed by manufacturers certifying that their products, including the following,
comply with requirements.

1. Structural steel, including chemical and physical properties.


2. Bolts, nuts, and washers, including mechanical properties and chemical analysis.
3. Shear stud connectors.
4. Shop primers.
5. Nonshrink grout.

1.5 QUALITY ASSURANCE

A. Installer Qualifications: Engage an experienced Installer who has completed structural steel
work similar in material, design, and extent to that indicated for this Project and with a record of
successful in-service performance.

B. Fabricator Qualifications: Engage a firm experienced in fabricating structural steel similar to


that indicated for this Project and with a record of successful in-service performance, as well as
sufficient production capacity to fabricate structural steel without delaying the Work.

a. Fabricator shall be registered with and approved by authorities having jurisdiction.

C. Comply with applicable provisions of the following specifications and documents:

1. AISC's "Specification for Structural Steel Buildings--Allowable Stress Design and Plastic
Design."
2. AISC's "Load and Resistance Factor Design (LFRD) Specification for Structural Steel
Buildings for Composite Beam Members.”
3. AISC's "Seismic Provisions for Structural Steel Buildings."
4. ASTM A 6 (ASTM A 6M) "Specification for General Requirements for Rolled Steel
Plates, Shapes, Sheet Piling, and Bars for Structural Use."
5. Research Council on Structural Connections' (RCSC) "Specification for Structural Joints
Using ASTM A 325 or A 490 Bolts."

D. Professional Engineer Qualifications: A professional engineer who is legally authorized to


practice in the jurisdiction where Project is located and who is experienced in providing
engineering services of the kind indicated. Engineering services are defined as those performed
for projects with structural steel framing that are similar to that indicated for this Project in
material, design, and extent.

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E. Welding Standards: Comply with applicable provisions of AWS D1.1 "Structural Welding
Code--Steel."

1. Present evidence that each welder has satisfactorily passed AWS qualification tests for
welding processes involved and, if pertinent, has undergone recertification.

F. Preinstallation Conference: Conduct conference at Project site to comply with requirements of


Division 1 Section "Project Meetings."

1.6 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

A. Deliver structural steel to Project site in such quantities and at such times to ensure continuity of
installation.

B. Store materials to permit easy access for inspection and identification. Keep steel members off
ground by using pallets, platforms, or other supports. Protect steel members and packaged
materials from erosion and deterioration.

1. Store fasteners in a protected place. Clean and relubricate bolts and nuts that become dry
or rusty before use.
2. Do not store materials on structure in a manner that might cause distortion or damage to
members or supporting structures. Repair or replace damaged materials or structures as
directed.

1.7 SEQUENCING

A. Supply anchorage items to be embedded in or attached to other construction without delaying


the Work. Provide setting diagrams, templates, instructions, and directions, as required, for
installation.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2.1 STRUCTURAL-STEEL MATERIALS

A. W-Shapes: ASTM A 992/A 992M.

B. Channels, Angles, Shapes: ASTM A 36/A 36M.

C. Plate and Bar: ASTM A 36/A 36M.

D. Cold-Formed Hollow Structural Sections: ASTM A 500, Grade B, structural tubing.

E. Steel Pipe: ASTM A 53/A 53M, Type E or S, Grade B.

1. Weight Class: Per structural drawings, standard unless noted.

F. Medium-Strength Steel Castings: ASTM A 27/A 27M, Grade 65-35 (Grade 450-240), carbon
steel.
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G. Welding Electrodes: Comply with AWS requirements.

2.2 BOLTS, CONNECTORS, AND ANCHORS

A. High-Strength Bolts, Nuts, and Washers: ASTM A 325, Type 1, heavy hex steel structural
bolts.

1. Finish: Plain.
2. Direct-Tension Indicators: ASTM F 959, Type 325 compressible-washer type, plain.

B. High-Strength Bolts, Nuts, and Washers: ASTM A 490 (ASTM A 490M), Type 1, heavy hex
steel structural bolts.

1. Direct-Tension Indicators: ASTM F 959, Type 490, compressible-washer type, plain.

C. Shear Connectors: ASTM A 108, Grades 1015 through 1020, headed-stud type, cold-finished
carbon steel; AWS D1.1, Type B.

D. Headed Anchor Rods: ASTM F 1554, Grade 36.

1. Nuts: ASTM A 563 (ASTM A 563M) hex carbon steel.


2. Plate Washers: ASTM A 36/A 36M carbon steel.
3. Finish: Plain.

2.3 PRIMER

A. Primer: Fabricator's standard lead- and chromate-free, nonasphaltic, rust-inhibiting primer.

B. Galvanizing Repair Paint: High-zinc-dust-content paint for regalvanizing welds and repair
painting galvanized steel, with dry film containing not less than 93 percent zinc dust by weight,
and complying with DOD-P-21035A or SSPC-Paint 20.

2.4 GROUT

A. Nonmetallic, Shrinkage-Resistant Grout: Premixed, nonmetallic, noncorrosive, nonstaining


grout containing selected silica sands, portland cement, shrinkage compensating agents,
plasticizing and water-reducing agents, complying with ASTM C 1107, of consistency suitable
for application, and a 30-minute working time.

2.5 FABRICATION

A. Fabricate and assemble structural steel in shop to greatest extent possible. Fabricate structural
steel according to AISC specifications referenced in this Section and in Shop Drawings.

1. Camber structural steel members where indicated.


2. Identify high-strength structural steel according to ASTM A 6 (ASTM A 6M) and
maintain markings until steel has been erected.
3. Mark and match-mark materials for field assembly.
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4. Fabricate for delivery a sequence that will expedite erection and minimize field handling
of structural steel.
5. Complete structural steel assemblies, including welding of units, before starting shop-
priming operations.
6. Comply with fabrication tolerance limits of AISC's "Code of Standard Practice for Steel
Buildings and Bridges" for structural steel.
7. Remove blemishes by filling, grinding, or by welding and grinding, prior to cleaning,
treating, and shop priming.
8. Comply with fabrication requirements, including tolerance limits, of AISC's "Code of
Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges" for architecturally exposed structural
steel.

B. Thermal Cutting: Perform thermal cutting by machine to greatest extent possible.

1. Plane thermally cut edges to be welded.

C. Finishing: Accurately mill ends of columns and other members transmitting loads in bearing.

D. Shear Connectors: Prepare steel surfaces as recommended by manufacturer of shear


connectors. Use automatic end welding of headed-stud shear connectors according to AWS
D1.1 and manufacturer's printed instructions.

E. Holes: Provide holes required for securing other work to structural steel framing and for
passage of other work through steel framing members, as shown on Shop Drawings.

1. Cut, drill, or punch holes perpendicular to metal surfaces. Do not flame-cut holes or
enlarge holes by burning. Drill holes in bearing plates.
2. Weld threaded nuts to framing and other specialty items as indicated to receive other
work.

2.6 SHOP CONNECTIONS

A. Shop install and tighten nonhigh-strength bolts, except where high-strength bolts are indicated.

B. Shop install and tighten high-strength bolts according to RCSC's "Specification for Structural
Joints Using ASTM A 325 or A 490 Bolts."

C. Weld Connections: Comply with AWS D1.1 for procedures, appearance and quality of welds,
and methods used in correcting welding work.

1. Verify that weld sizes, fabrication sequence, and equipment used for architecturally
exposed structural steel will limit distortions to allowable tolerances. Prevent surface
bleeding of back-side welding on exposed steel surfaces. Grind smooth exposed fillet
welds 1/2 inch (13 mm) and larger. Grind flush butt welds. Dress exposed welds.

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2.7 SHOP PRIMING

A. Shop prime steel surfaces, except the following:

1. Surfaces embedded in concrete or mortar. Extend priming of partially embedded


members to a depth of 2 inches (50 mm).
2. Surfaces to be field welded.
3. Surfaces to be high-strength bolted with slip-critical connections.
4. Surfaces to receive sprayed-on fireproofing.
5. Galvanized surfaces.

B. Surface Preparation: Clean surfaces to be painted. Remove loose rust, loose mill scale, and
spatter, slag, or flux deposits. Prepare surfaces according to SSPC specifications as follows:

1. SSPC-SP 3 "Power Tool Cleaning."


2. SSPC-SP 7 "Brush-Off Blast Cleaning."

C. Priming: Immediately after surface preparation, apply primer according to manufacturer's


instructions and at rate recommended by SSPC to provide a dry film thickness of not less than
1.5 mils (0.038 mm). Use priming methods that result in full coverage of joints, corners, edges,
and exposed surfaces.

2.8 GALVANIZING

A. Hot-Dip Galvanized Finish: Apply zinc coating by the hot-dip process to structural steel
indicated for galvanizing according to ASTM A 123.

2.9 SOURCE QUALITY CONTROL

A. Owner will engage an independent testing and inspecting agency to perform shop inspections
and tests and to prepare test reports.

1. Testing agency will conduct and interpret tests and state in each report whether test
specimens comply with or deviate from requirements.
2. Provide testing agency with access to places where structural steel Work is being
fabricated or produced so required inspection and testing can be accomplished.

B. Correct deficiencies in or remove and replace structural steel that inspections and test reports
indicate do not comply with specified requirements.

C. Additional testing, at Contractor's expense, will be performed to determine compliance of


corrected Work with specified requirements.

D. Shop-bolted connections will be tested and inspected according to RCSC's "Specification for
Structural Joints Using ASTM A 325 or A 490 Bolts."

E. In addition to visual inspection, shop-welded connections will be inspected and tested according
to AWS D1.1 and the inspection procedures listed below, at testing agency's option.

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1. Liquid Penetrant Inspection: ASTM E 165.
2. Magnetic Particle Inspection: ASTM E 709; performed on root pass and on finished
weld. Cracks or zones of incomplete fusion or penetration will not be accepted.
3. Radiographic Inspection: ASTM E 94 and ASTM E 142; minimum quality level "2-2T."
4. Ultrasonic Inspection: ASTM E 164.

F. In addition to visual inspection, shop-welded shear connectors will be inspected and tested
according to requirements of AWS D1.1 for stud welding and as follows:

1. Bend tests will be performed when visual inspections reveal either less than a continuous
360-degree flash or welding repairs to any shear connector.
2. Tests will be conducted on additional shear connectors when weld fracture occurs on
shear connectors already tested, according to requirements of AWS D1.1.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.1 EXAMINATION

A. Before erection proceeds, and with the steel erector present, verify elevations of concrete and
masonry bearing surfaces and locations of anchorages for compliance with requirements.

B. Do not proceed with erection until unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.

3.2 PREPARATION

A. Provide temporary shores, guys, braces, and other supports during erection to keep structural
steel secure, plumb, and in alignment against temporary construction loads and loads equal in
intensity to design loads. Remove temporary supports when permanent structural steel,
connections, and bracing are in place, unless otherwise indicated.

1. Do not remove temporary shoring supporting composite deck construction until cast-in-
place concrete has attained its design compressive strength.

3.3 ERECTION

A. Set structural steel accurately in locations and to elevations indicated and according to AISC
specifications referenced in this Section.

B. Base and Bearing Plates: Clean concrete and masonry bearing surfaces of bond-reducing
materials and roughen surfaces prior to setting base and bearing plates. Clean bottom surface of
base and bearing plates.

1. Set base and bearing plates for structural members on wedges, shims, or setting nuts as
required.
2. Tighten anchor bolts after supported members have been positioned and plumbed. Do
not remove wedges or shims but, if protruding, cut off flush with edge of base or bearing
plate prior to packing with grout.

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3. Pack grout solidly between bearing surfaces and plates so no voids remain. Finish
exposed surfaces, protect installed materials, and allow to cure.

a. Comply with manufacturer's instructions for proprietary grout materials.

C. Maintain erection tolerances of structural steel within AISC's "Code of Standard Practice for
Steel Buildings and Bridges."

1. Maintain erection tolerances of architecturally exposed structural steel within AISC's


"Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges."

D. Align and adjust various members forming part of complete frame or structure before
permanently fastening. Before assembly, clean bearing surfaces and other surfaces that will be
in permanent contact. Perform necessary adjustments to compensate for discrepancies in
elevations and alignment.

1. Level and plumb individual members of structure.

E. Splice members only where indicated.

F. Remove erection bolts on welded, architecturally exposed structural steel; fill holes with plug
welds; and grind smooth at exposed surfaces.

G. Finish sections thermally cut during erection equal to a sheared appearance.

H. Do not enlarge unfair holes in members by burning or by using drift pins. Ream holes that must
be enlarged to admit bolts.

3.4 FIELD CONNECTIONS

A. Install and tighten non-high-strength bolts, except where high-strength bolts are indicated.

B. Install and tighten high-strength bolts according to RCSC's "Specification for Structural Joints
Using ASTM A 325 or A 490 Bolts."

C. Weld Connections: Comply with AWS D1.1 for procedures, appearance and quality of welds,
and methods used in correcting welding work.

1. Comply with AISC specifications referenced in this Section for bearing, adequacy of
temporary connections, alignment, and removal of paint on surfaces adjacent to field
welds.
2. Verify that weld sizes, fabrication sequence, and equipment used for architecturally
exposed structural steel will limit distortions to allowable tolerances. Prevent surface
bleeding of back-side welding on exposed steel surfaces. Grind smooth exposed fillet
welds 1/2 inch (13 mm) and larger. Grind flush butt welds. Dress exposed welds.

3.5 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

A. Owner will engage an independent testing and inspecting agency to perform field inspections

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and tests and to prepare test reports.

1. Testing agency will conduct and interpret tests and state in each report whether tested
Work complies with or deviates from requirements.

B. Correct deficiencies in or remove and replace structural steel that inspections and test reports
indicate do not comply with specified requirements.

C. Additional testing, at Contractor's expense, will be performed to determine compliance of


corrected Work with specified requirements.

D. Field-bolted connections will be tested and inspected according to RCSC's "Specification for
Structural Joints Using ASTM A 325 or A 490 Bolts.

E. "In addition to visual inspection, field-welded connections will be inspected and tested
according to AWS D1.1 and the inspection procedures listed below, at testing agency's option.

1. Liquid Penetrant Inspection: ASTM E 165.


2. Magnetic Particle Inspection: ASTM E 709; performed on root pass and on finished
weld. Cracks or zones of incomplete fusion or penetration will not be accepted.
3. Radiographic Inspection: ASTM E 94 and ASTM E 142; minimum quality level "2-2T."
4. Ultrasonic Inspection: ASTM E 164.

F. In addition to visual inspection, field-welded shear connectors will be inspected and tested
according to requirements of AWS D1.1 for stud welding and as follows:

1. Bend tests will be performed when visual inspections reveal either less than a continuous
360-degree flash or welding repairs to any shear connector.
2. Tests will be conducted on additional shear connectors when weld fracture occurs on
shear connectors already tested, according to requirements of AWS D1.1.

3.6 CLEANING

A. Touchup Painting: Cleaning and touchup painting of field welds, bolted connections, and
abraded areas of shop paint on structural steel are included in Division 9 Section "Painting."

B. Galvanized Surfaces: Clean field welds, bolted connections, and abraded areas and apply
galvanizing repair paint according to ASTM A 780.

END OF SECTION 05120

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SECTION 05310

STEEL DECK

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1 RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
Conditions and Division 1 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.

1.2 SUMMARY

A. This Section includes the following:

1. Roof deck.
2. Composite floor deck.

B. Related Sections include the following:

1. Division 3 Section "Cast-in-Place Concrete" for concrete fill and reinforcing steel.
2. Division 5 Section "Structural Steel" for shop-welded shear connectors.
3. Division 5 Section "Metal Fabrications" for framing deck openings with miscellaneous
steel shapes.
4. Division 9 Section "Painting" for repair painting of painted deck.
5. Division 9 Section "Special Coatings" for repair of deck special coatings.

1.3 SUBMITTALS

A. Product Data: For each type of deck, accessory, and product indicated.

B. Shop Drawings: Show layout and types of deck panels, anchorage details, reinforcing channels,
pans, deck openings, special jointing, accessories, and attachments to other construction.

C. Product Certificates: Signed by steel deck manufacturers certifying that products furnished
comply with requirements.

D. Welding Certificates: Copies of certificates for welding procedures and personnel.

E. Product Test Reports: From a qualified testing agency indicating that each of the following
complies with requirements, based on comprehensive testing of current products:

1. Mechanical fasteners.

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1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE

A. Installer Qualifications: An experienced installer who has completed steel deck similar in
material, design, and extent to that indicated for this Project and whose work has resulted in
construction with a record of successful in-service performance.

B. Testing Agency Qualifications: An independent testing agency, acceptable to authorities having


jurisdiction, qualified according to ASTM E 329 to conduct the testing indicated, as
documented according to ASTM E 548.

C. Welding: Qualify procedures and personnel according to AWS D1.1, "Structural Welding
Code--Steel," and AWS D1.3, "Structural Welding Code--Sheet Steel."

1. Steel deck units shall be identified with appropriate markings of applicable testing and
inspecting agency.

D. AISI Specifications: Calculate structural characteristics of steel deck according to AISI's


"Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members."

1.5 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

A. Protect steel deck from corrosion, deformation, and other damage during delivery, storage, and
handling.

B. Stack steel deck on platforms or pallets and slope to provide drainage. Protect with a
waterproof covering and ventilate to avoid condensation.

1.6 COORDINATION

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2.1 ROOF DECK

A. Steel Roof Deck: Fabricate panels, without top-flange stiffening grooves, to comply with "SDI
Specifications and Commentary for Steel Roof Deck," in SDI Publication No. 29, and the
following:

1. Galvanized Steel Sheet: ASTM A 653/A 653M, Structural Steel (SS), Grade 33 (230),
G90 (Z275) zinc coating.
2. Deck Profile: Type WR, wide rib.
3. Profile Depth: See drawings.
4. Design Uncoated-Steel Thickness: See drawings.
5. Span Condition: Triple span or more.
6. Side Laps: Overlapped or interlocking seam at Contractor's option.

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2.2 COMPOSITE FLOOR DECK

A. Composite Steel Floor Deck: Fabricate panels, with integrally embossed or raised pattern ribs
and interlocking side laps, to comply with "SDI Specifications and Commentary for Composite
Steel Floor Deck," in SDI Publication No. 29, the minimum section properties indicated, and
the following:

1. Galvanized Steel Sheet: ASTM A 653/A 653M, Structural Steel (SS), Grade 33 (230),
G60 (Z275) zinc coating.
2. Profile Depth: See drawings.
3. Design Uncoated-Steel Thickness: See drawings.
4. Span Condition: Triple span or more.

2.3 ACCESSORIES

A. General: Provide manufacturer's standard accessory materials for deck that comply with
requirements indicated.

B. Mechanical Fasteners: Corrosion-resistant, low-velocity, power-actuated or pneumatically


driven carbon-steel fasteners; or self-drilling, self-threading screws.

C. Side-Lap Fasteners: Corrosion-resistant, hexagonal washer head; self-drilling, carbon-steel


screws, No. 10 (4.8 mm) minimum diameter.

D. Flexible Closure Strips: Vulcanized, closed-cell, synthetic rubber.

E. Miscellaneous Sheet Metal Deck Accessories: Steel sheet, minimum yield strength of 33,000
psi (230 MPa), not less than 0.0359-inch (0.91-mm) design uncoated thickness, of same
material and finish as deck; of profile indicated or required for application.

F. Steel Sheet Accessories: Steel sheet, of same material, finish, and thickness as deck, unless
otherwise indicated.

G. Pour Stops and Girder Fillers: Steel sheet, minimum yield strength of 33,000 psi (230 MPa), of
same material and finish as deck, and of thickness and profile.

H. Column Closures, End Closures, Z-Closures, and Cover Plates: Steel sheet, of same material,
finish, and thickness as deck, unless otherwise indicated.

I. Weld Washers: Uncoated steel sheet, shaped to fit deck rib, 0.0598 inch (1.52 mm) thick, with
factory-punched hole of 3/8-inch (9.5-mm) minimum diameter.

J. Recessed Sump Pans: Single-piece steel sheet, 0.0747 inch (1.90 mm) thick, of same material
and finish as deck, with 3-inch- (76-mm-) wide flanges and level recessed pans of 1-1/2- inch
(38-mm) minimum depth. For drains, cut holes in the field.

K. Flat Sump Plate: Single-piece steel sheet, 0.0747 inch (1.90 mm) thick, of same material and
finish as deck. For drains, cut holes in the field.

L. Shear Connectors: ASTM A 108, Grades 1010 through 1020 headed stud type, cold-finished

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carbon steel, AWS D1.1, Type B, with arc shields.

M. Galvanizing Repair Paint: ASTM A 780.

N. Repair Paint: Lead- and chromate-free rust-inhibitive primer complying with performance
requirements of FS TT-P-664.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.1 EXAMINATION

A. Examine supporting frame and field conditions for compliance with requirements for
installation tolerances and other conditions affecting performance.

3.2 INSTALLATION, GENERAL

A. Install deck panels and accessories according to applicable specifications and commentary in
SDI Publication No. 29, manufacturer's written instructions, and requirements in this Section.

B. Install temporary shoring before placing deck panels, if required to meet deflection limitations.

C. Locate decking bundles to prevent overloading of supporting members.

D. Place deck panels on supporting frame and adjust to final position with ends accurately aligned
and bearing on supporting frame before being permanently fastened. Do not stretch or contract
side-lap interlocks.

1. Align cellular deck panels for entire length of cell runs and align cells at ends of abutting
panels.

E. Place deck panels flat and square and fasten to supporting frame without warp or deflection.

F. Cut and neatly fit deck panels and accessories around openings and other work projecting
through or adjacent to decking.

G. Provide additional reinforcement and closure pieces at openings as required for strength,
continuity of decking, and support of other work.

H. Comply with AWS requirements and procedures for manual shielded metal arc welding,
appearance and quality of welds, and methods used for correcting welding work.

I. Mechanical fasteners may be used in lieu of welding to fasten deck. Locate mechanical
fasteners and install according to deck manufacturer's written instructions.

3.3 ROOF DECK INSTALLATION

A. Fasten roof deck panels to steel supporting members by arc spot (puddle) welds of the surface
diameter indicated or arc seam welds with an equal perimeter, but not less than 1-1/2 inches (38
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mm) long, and as follows:

1. Weld Diameter: 3/4 inch (19 mm), nominal.


2. Weld Spacing: Weld edge and interior ribs of deck units with a minimum of two welds
per deck unit at each support. Space welds 18 inches (450 mm) apart, maximum.
3. Weld Washers: Install weld washers at each weld location.

B. Side-Lap and Perimeter Edge Fastening: Fasten side laps and perimeter edges of panels
between supports, at intervals not exceeding the lesser of 1/2 of the span or 18 inches (450 mm),
and as follows:

1. Fasten with a minimum of 1-1/2-inch- (38-mm-) long welds.

C. End Bearing: Install deck ends over supporting frame with a minimum end bearing of 1-1/2
inches (38 mm), with end joints as follows:

1. End Joints: Lapped 2 inches (51 mm) minimum.

D. Roof Sump Pans and Sump Plates: Install over openings provided in roof decking and weld
flanges to top of deck. Space welds not more than 12 inches (305 mm) apart with at least 1
weld at each corner.

E. Miscellaneous Roof Deck Accessories: Install ridge and valley plates, finish strips, cover
plates, end closures, and reinforcing channels according to deck manufacturer's written
instructions. Weld to substrate to provide a complete deck installation.

3.4 FLOOR DECK INSTALLATION

A. Fasten floor deck panels to steel supporting members by arc spot (puddle) welds of the surface
diameter indicated and as follows:

1. Weld Diameter: 3/4 inch (19 mm), nominal.


2. Weld Spacing: Weld edge ribs of panels at each support. Space additional welds an
average of 12 inches (305 mm) apart, but not more than 18 inches (457 mm) apart.
3. Weld Spacing: Space and locate welds as indicated.
4. Weld Washers: Install weld washers at each weld location.

B. Side-Lap and Perimeter Edge Fastening: Fasten side laps and perimeter edges of panels
between supports, at intervals not exceeding the lesser of 1/2 of the span or 18 inches (910 mm),
and as follows:

1. Mechanically fasten with self-drilling No. 10 (4.8-mm-) diameter or larger carbon-steel


screws.
2. Mechanically clinch or button punch.
3. Fasten with a minimum of 1-1/2-inch- (38-mm-) long welds.

C. End Bearing: Install deck ends over supporting frame with a minimum end bearing of 1-1/2
inches (38 mm), with end joints as follows:

1. End Joints: Lapped.

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D. Shear Connectors: Weld shear connectors through deck to supporting frame according to AWS
D1.1 and manufacturer's written instructions. Butt end joints of deck panels; do not overlap.
Remove and discard arc shields after welding shear connectors.

E. Pour Stops and Girder Fillers: Weld steel sheet pour stops and girder fillers to supporting
structure according to SDI recommendations, unless otherwise indicated.

F. Floor Deck Closures: Weld steel sheet column closures, cell closures, and Z-closures to deck,
according to SDI recommendations, to provide tight-fitting closures at open ends of ribs and
sides of decking. Weld cover plates at changes in direction of floor deck panels, unless
otherwise indicated.

G. Install piercing hanger tabs not more than 14 inches (355 mm) apart in both directions, within 9
inches (228 mm) of walls at ends, and not more than 12 inches (305 mm) from walls at sides,
unless otherwise indicated.

3.5 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

A. Testing: Owner will engage a qualified independent testing agency to perform field quality-
control testing.

B. Field welds will be subject to inspection.

C. Shear connector stud welds will be inspected and tested according to AWS D1.1 for stud
welding and as follows:

1. Shear connector stud welds will be visually inspected.


2. Bend tests will be performed if visual inspections reveal less than a full 360-degree flash
or welding repairs to any shear connector stud.
3. Tests will be conducted on additional shear connector studs if weld fracture occurs on
shear connector studs already tested according to AWS D1.1.

D. Testing agency will report test results promptly and in writing to Contractor and Architect.

E. Remove and replace work that does not comply with specified requirements.

F. Additional testing and inspecting, at Contractor's expense, will be performed to determine


compliance of corrected work with specified requirements.

3.6 REPAIRS AND PROTECTION

A. Galvanizing Repairs: Prepare and repair damaged galvanized coatings on both surfaces of deck
with galvanized repair paint according to ASTM A 780 and manufacturer's written instructions.

B. Repair Painting: Wire brush and clean rust spots, welds, and abraded areas on both surfaces of
prime-painted deck immediately after installation, and apply repair paint.

1. Apply repair paint, of same color as adjacent shop-primed deck, to bottom surfaces of
deck exposed to view.

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4 December 2009
STEEL DECK
2. Wire brushing, cleaning, and repair painting of bottom deck surfaces are included in
Division 9 Section."

C. Repair Painting: Wire brushing, cleaning and repair painting of rust spots, welds, and abraded
areas of both deck surfaces are included in Division 9 Section. "

D. Provide final protection and maintain conditions to ensure that steel deck is without damage or
deterioration at time of Substantial Completion.

END OF SECTION 05310

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4 December 2009
STEEL DECK
SECTION 05500

METAL FABRICATIONS

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1 RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
Conditions and Division 1 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.

1.2 SUMMARY

A. Section Includes:

1. Miscellaneous steel framing and supports.


2. Shelf angles.
3. Miscellaneous steel trim.
4. Pipe and downspout guards.
5. Abrasive metal nosings and thresholds.
6. Loose bearing and leveling plates.
7. Metal ladders.
8. Ladder safety cages.
9. Metal ships’ ladders.

B. Products furnished, but not installed, under this Section:

1. Loose steel lintels.


2. Anchor bolts, steel pipe sleeves, slotted-channel inserts, and wedge-type inserts indicated
to be cast into concrete or built into unit masonry.
3. Steel weld plates and angles for casting into concrete.

1.3 PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

A. Thermal Movements: Allow for thermal movements from ambient and surface temperature
changes acting on exterior metal fabrications by preventing buckling, opening of joints,
overstressing of components, failure of connections, and other detrimental effects.

1. Temperature Change: 120 deg F (67 deg C), ambient; 180 deg F (100 deg C), material
surfaces.

1.4 SUBMITTALS

A. Product Data: For the following:

1. Metal nosings and treads.

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL FABRICATIONS
2. Paint products.
3. Grout.

B. LEED Submittals:

1. Product Data for Credit MR 4.1 and Credit MR 4.2: Indicating percentages by weight of
postconsumer and preconsumer recycled content for products having recycled content.
Include statement indicating costs for each product having recycled content.

C. Shop Drawings: Show fabrication and installation details for metal fabrications.

1. Include plans, elevations, sections, and details of metal fabrications and their
connections. Show anchorage and accessory items.

D. Samples: For each type and finish of extruded nosing.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2.1 METALS, GENERAL

A. Metal Surfaces, General: Provide materials with smooth, flat surfaces without blemishes.

2.2 FERROUS METALS

A. Recycled Content of Steel Products: Provide products with average recycled content of steel
products so postconsumer recycled content plus one-half of preconsumer recycled content is not
less than 25 percent.

B. Steel Plates, Shapes, and Bars: ASTM A 36/A 36M.

C. Stainless-Steel Bars and Shapes: ASTM A 276, Type 304.

D. Rolled-Steel Floor Plate: ASTM A 786/A 786M, rolled from plate complying with
ASTM A 36/A 36M or ASTM A 283/A 283M, Grade C or D.

E. Rolled-Stainless-Steel Floor Plate: ASTM A 793.

F. Steel Tubing: ASTM A 500, cold-formed steel tubing.

G. Steel Pipe: ASTM A 53/A 53M, standard weight (Schedule 40) unless otherwise indicated.

H. Slotted Channel Framing: Cold-formed metal box channels (struts) complying with MFMA-4.

1. Size of Channels: 1-5/8 by 1-5/8 inches (41 by 41 mm) unless otherwise indicated.
2. Material: Galvanized steel, ASTM A 653/A 653M, commercial steel, Type B with G90
(Z275) coating; 0.079-inch (2-mm) nominal thickness unless otherwise indicated..
3. Material: Cold-rolled steel, ASTM A 1008/A 1008M, commercial steel, Type B; 0.0677-
inch (1.7-mm) minimum thickness unless otherwise indicated; hot-dip galvanized after
fabrication.

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL FABRICATIONS
I. Cast Iron: Either gray iron, ASTM A 48/A 48M, or malleable iron, ASTM A 47/A 47M.

2.3 NONFERROUS METALS

A. Aluminum Extrusions: ASTM B 221 (ASTM B 221M), Alloy 6063-T6.

B. Aluminum-Alloy Rolled Tread Plate: ASTM B 632/B 632M, Alloy 6061-T6.

C. Aluminum Castings: ASTM B 26/B 26M, Alloy 443.0-F.

D. Bronze Extrusions: ASTM B 455, Alloy UNS No. C38500 (extruded architectural bronze).

E. Bronze Castings: ASTM B 584, Alloy UNS No. C83600 (leaded red brass) or No. C84400
(leaded semired brass).

F. Nickel Silver Castings: ASTM B 584, Alloy UNS No. C97600 (20 percent leaded nickel
bronze).

2.4 FASTENERS

A. General: Unless otherwise indicated, provide Type 304 stainless-steel fasteners for exterior use
and zinc-plated fasteners with coating complying with ASTM B 633 or ASTM F 1941
(ASTM F 1941M), Class Fe/Zn 5, at exterior walls.

1. Provide stainless-steel fasteners for fastening aluminum.


2. Provide stainless-steel fasteners for fastening stainless steel.
3. Provide stainless-steel fasteners for fastening nickel silver.
4. Provide bronze fasteners for fastening bronze.

B. Cast-in-Place Anchors in Concrete: Either threaded type or wedge type unless otherwise
indicated; galvanized ferrous castings, either ASTM A 47/A 47M malleable iron or
ASTM A 27/A 27M cast steel. Provide bolts, washers, and shims as needed, all hot-dip
galvanized per ASTM F 2329.

C. Post-Installed Anchors: Torque-controlled expansion anchors.

1. Material for Interior Locations: Carbon-steel components zinc plated to comply with
ASTM B 633 or ASTM F 1941 (ASTM F 1941M), Class Fe/Zn 5, unless otherwise
indicated.
2. Material for Exterior Locations and Where Stainless Steel is Indicated: Alloy Group 1
(A1) stainless-steel bolts, ASTM F 593 (ASTM F 738M), and nuts, ASTM F 594
(ASTM F 836M).

D. Slotted-Channel Inserts: Cold-formed, hot-dip galvanized-steel box channels (struts) complying


with MFMA-4, 1-5/8 by 7/8 inches (41 by 22 mm) by length indicated with anchor straps or
studs not less than 3 inches (75 mm) long at not more than 8 inches (200 mm) o.c. Provide with
temporary filler and tee-head bolts, complete with washers and nuts, all zinc-plated to comply
with ASTM B 633, Class Fe/Zn 5, as needed for fastening to inserts.

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL FABRICATIONS
2.5 MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

A. Shop Primers: Provide primers that comply with Division 9 painting Sections.

B. Universal Shop Primer: Fast-curing, lead- and chromate-free, universal modified-alkyd primer
complying with MPI#79 and compatible with topcoat.

C. Epoxy Zinc-Rich Primer: Complying with MPI#20 and compatible with topcoat.

D. Galvanizing Repair Paint: High-zinc-dust-content paint complying with SSPC-Paint 20 and


compatible with paints specified to be used over it.

E. Bituminous Paint: Cold-applied asphalt emulsion complying with ASTM D 1187.

F. Nonshrink, Nonmetallic Grout: Factory-packaged, nonstaining, noncorrosive, nongaseous grout


complying with ASTM C 1107. Provide grout specifically recommended by manufacturer for
interior and exterior applications.

G. Concrete: Comply with requirements in Division 3 Section "Cast-in-Place Concrete" for


normal-weight, air-entrained, concrete with a minimum 28-day compressive strength of 3000
psi (20 MPa).

2.6 FABRICATION, GENERAL

A. Shop Assembly: Preassemble items in the shop to greatest extent possible. Use connections
that maintain structural value of joined pieces.

B. Cut, drill, and punch metals cleanly and accurately. Remove burrs and ease edges. Remove
sharp or rough areas on exposed surfaces.

C. Weld corners and seams continuously to comply with the following:

1. Use materials and methods that minimize distortion and develop strength and corrosion
resistance of base metals.
2. Obtain fusion without undercut or overlap.
3. Remove welding flux immediately.
4. At exposed connections, finish exposed welds and surfaces smooth and blended.

D. Form exposed connections with hairline joints, flush and smooth, using concealed fasteners or
welds where possible. Locate joints where least conspicuous.

E. Fabricate seams and other connections that will be exposed to weather in a manner to exclude
water. Provide weep holes where water may accumulate.

F. Where units are indicated to be cast into concrete or built into masonry, equip with integrally
welded steel strap anchors not less than 24 inches (600 mm) o.c.

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL FABRICATIONS
2.7 MISCELLANEOUS FRAMING AND SUPPORTS

A. General: Provide steel framing and supports not specified in other Sections as needed to
complete the Work.

B. Fabricate units from steel shapes, plates, and bars of welded construction unless otherwise
indicated. Fabricate to sizes, shapes, and profiles indicated and as necessary to receive adjacent
construction.

2.8 SHELF ANGLES

A. Fabricate shelf angles from steel angles of sizes indicated and for attachment to concrete
framing. Provide horizontally slotted holes to receive 3/4-inch (19-mm) bolts, spaced not more
than 6 inches (150 mm) from ends and 24 inches (600 mm) o.c., unless otherwise indicated.

B. For cavity walls, provide vertical channel brackets to support angles from backup masonry and
concrete.

C. Galvanize shelf angles located in exterior walls or prime with zinc-rich primer.

D. Furnish wedge-type concrete inserts, complete with fasteners, to attach shelf angles to cast-in-
place concrete.

2.9 MISCELLANEOUS STEEL TRIM

A. Unless otherwise indicated, fabricate units from steel shapes, plates, and bars of profiles shown
with continuously welded joints and smooth exposed edges. Miter corners and use concealed
field splices where possible.

B. Provide cutouts, fittings, and anchorages as needed to coordinate assembly and installation with
other work.

C. Galvanize exterior miscellaneous steel trim or prime with zinc-rich primer.

2.10 PIPE AND DOWNSPOUT GUARDS

A. Fabricate pipe and downspout guards from 3/8-inch- (9.5-mm-) thick by 12-inch- (300-mm-)
wide steel plate, bent to fit flat against the wall or column at both ends and to fit around pipe
with 2-inch (50-mm) clearance between pipe and pipe guard. Drill each end for two 3/4-inch
(19-mm) anchor bolts.

B. Galvanize pipe and downspout guards or prime with zinc-rich primer.

2.11 ABRASIVE METAL NOSINGS AND THRESHOLDS

A. Cast-Metal Units: Cast iron with an integral-abrasive, as-cast finish.

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL FABRICATIONS
1. Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide products by one of the
following:

a. American Safety Tread Co., Inc.


b. Balco Inc.
c. Barry Pattern & Foundry Co., Inc.
d. Granite State Casting Co.
e. Safe-T-Metal Company, Inc.
f. Wooster Products Inc.

B. Extruded Units: Aluminum, with abrasive filler in an epoxy-resin binder.

1. Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide products by one of the


following:

a. ACL Industries, Inc.


b. American Safety Tread Co., Inc.
c. Amstep Products.
d. Armstrong Products, Inc.
e. Balco Inc.
f. Granite State Casting Co.
g. Wooster Products Inc.

2. Provide ribbed units, with abrasive filler strips projecting 1/16 inch (1.5 mm) above
aluminum extrusion.

C. Provide anchors for embedding units in concrete, either integral or applied to units, as standard
with manufacturer.

D. Drill for mechanical anchors and countersink. Locate holes not more than 4 inches (100 mm)
from ends and not more than 12 inches (300 mm) o.c.

E. Apply bituminous paint to concealed surfaces of cast-metal units.

F. Apply clear lacquer to concealed surfaces of extruded units.

2.12 LOOSE BEARING AND LEVELING PLATES

A. Provide loose bearing and leveling plates for steel items bearing on masonry or concrete
construction. Drill plates to receive anchor bolts and for grouting.

2.13 METAL LADDERS

A. General:

1. Comply with ANSI A14.3 unless otherwise indicated.


2. For elevator pit ladders, comply with ASME A17.1

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL FABRICATIONS
B. Aluminum Ladders:

1. Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide products by one of the


following:

a. ACL Industries, Inc.


b. Alco-Lite Industrial Products.
c. Halliday Products.
d. O'Keeffe's Inc.
e. Precision Ladders, LLC.
f. Royalite Manufacturing, Inc.
g. Thompson Fabricating, LLC.

2. Space siderails 18 inches (457 mm) apart unless otherwise indicated.


3. Siderails: Continuous extruded-aluminum channels or tubes, not less than 2-1/2 inches
(64 mm) deep, 3/4 inch (19 mm) wide, and 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) thick.
4. Rungs: Extruded-aluminum tubes, not less than 3/4 inch (19 mm) deep and not less than
1/8 inch (3.2 mm) thick, with ribbed tread surfaces.
5. Fit rungs in centerline of siderails; fasten by welding or with stainless-steel fasteners or
brackets and aluminum rivets.
6. Provide platforms as indicated fabricated from pressure-locked aluminum bar grating,
supported by extruded-aluminum framing. Limit openings in gratings to no more than
1/2 inch (12 mm) in least dimension.
7. Support each ladder at top and bottom and not more than 60 inches (1500 mm) o.c. with
welded or bolted aluminum brackets.
8. Provide minimum 72-inch- (1830-mm-) high, hinged security door with padlock hasp at
foot of ladder to prevent unauthorized ladder use.

2.14 LADDER SAFETY CAGES

A. General:

1. Fabricate ladder safety cages to comply with ANSI A14.3. Assemble by welding or with
stainless-steel fasteners.
2. Provide primary hoops at tops and bottoms of cages and spaced not more than 20 feet
(6 m) o.c. Provide secondary intermediate hoops spaced not more than 48 inches (1200
mm) o.c. between primary hoops.
3. Fasten assembled safety cage to ladder rails and adjacent construction by welding or with
stainless-steel fasteners unless otherwise indicated.

B. Aluminum Ladder Safety Cages:

1. Primary Hoops: 1/4-by-4-inch (6.4-by-100-mm) flat bar hoops.


2. Secondary Intermediate Hoops: 1/4-by-2-inch (6.4-by-50-mm) flat bar hoops.
3. Vertical Bars: 1/4-by-2-inch (6.4-by-50-mm) flat bars secured to each hoop.

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL FABRICATIONS
2.15 METAL SHIPS' LADDERS

A. Provide metal ships' ladders where indicated. Fabricate of open-type construction with channel
or plate stringers and pipe and tube railings unless otherwise indicated. Provide brackets and
fittings for installation.

1. Fabricate ships' ladders, including railings from aluminum.


2. Fabricate treads and platforms from pressure-locked aluminum bar grating. Limit
openings in gratings to no more than 1/2 inch (12 mm) in least dimension.
3. Comply with applicable railing requirements in Division 5 Section "Metal Stairs."

2.16 LOOSE STEEL LINTELS

A. Fabricate loose steel lintels from steel angles and shapes of size indicated for openings and
recesses in masonry walls and partitions at locations indicated.

B. Galvanize loose steel lintels located in exterior walls or prime with zinc-rich primer.

2.17 STEEL WELD PLATES AND ANGLES

A. Provide steel weld plates and angles not specified in other Sections, for items supported from
concrete construction as needed to complete the Work. Provide each unit with no fewer than
two integrally welded steel strap anchors for embedding in concrete.

2.18 FINISHES, GENERAL

A. Comply with NAAMM's "Metal Finishes Manual for Architectural and Metal Products" for
recommendations for applying and designating finishes.

B. Finish metal fabrications after assembly.

2.19 STEEL AND IRON FINISHES

A. Galvanizing: Hot-dip galvanize items as indicated to comply with ASTM A 153/A 153M for
steel and iron hardware and with ASTM A 123/A 123M for other steel and iron products.

B. Shop prime iron and steel items not indicated to be galvanized unless they are to be embedded
in concrete, sprayed-on fireproofing, or masonry, or unless otherwise indicated.

1. Shop prime with primers specified in Division 9 painting Sections unless zinc-rich primer
is indicated.

C. Preparation for Shop Priming: Prepare surfaces to comply with requirements indicated below:

1. Exterior Items: SSPC-SP 6/NACE No. 3, "Commercial Blast Cleaning."


2. Items Indicated to Receive Zinc-Rich Primer: SSPC-SP 6/NACE No. 3, "Commercial
Blast Cleaning."

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL FABRICATIONS
3. Items Indicated to Receive Primers Specified in Division 9 Section "High-Performance
Coatings": SSPC-SP 6/NACE No. 3, "Commercial Blast Cleaning."
4. Other Items: SSPC-SP 3, "Power Tool Cleaning."

D. Shop Priming: Apply shop primer to comply with SSPC-PA 1, "Paint Application Specification
No. 1: Shop, Field, and Maintenance Painting of Steel," for shop painting.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.1 INSTALLATION, GENERAL

A. Cutting, Fitting, and Placement: Perform cutting, drilling, and fitting required for installing
metal fabrications. Set metal fabrications accurately in location, alignment, and elevation; with
edges and surfaces level, plumb, true, and free of rack; and measured from established lines and
levels.

B. Fit exposed connections accurately together to form hairline joints. Weld connections that are
not to be left as exposed joints but cannot be shop welded because of shipping size limitations.
Do not weld, cut, or abrade surfaces of exterior units that have been hot-dip galvanized after
fabrication and are for bolted or screwed field connections.

C. Field Welding: Comply with the following requirements:

1. Use materials and methods that minimize distortion and develop strength and corrosion
resistance of base metals.
2. Obtain fusion without undercut or overlap.
3. Remove welding flux immediately.
4. At exposed connections, finish exposed welds and surfaces smooth and blended.

D. Fastening to In-Place Construction: Provide anchorage devices and fasteners where metal
fabrications are required to be fastened to in-place construction.

E. Provide temporary bracing or anchors in formwork for items that are to be built into concrete,
masonry, or similar construction.

3.2 INSTALLING BEARING AND LEVELING PLATES

A. Clean concrete and masonry bearing surfaces of bond-reducing materials, and roughen to
improve bond to surfaces. Clean bottom surface of plates.

B. Set bearing and leveling plates on wedges, shims, or leveling nuts. After bearing members have
been positioned and plumbed, tighten anchor bolts. Do not remove wedges or shims but, if
protruding, cut off flush with edge of bearing plate before packing with grout.

C. Pack grout solidly between bearing surfaces and plates to ensure that no voids remain.

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL FABRICATIONS
3.3 ADJUSTING AND CLEANING

A. Touchup Painting: Immediately after erection, clean field welds, bolted connections, and
abraded areas. Paint uncoated and abraded areas with the same material as used for shop
painting to comply with SSPC-PA 1 for touching up shop-painted surfaces.

B. Galvanized Surfaces: Clean field welds, bolted connections, and abraded areas and repair
galvanizing to comply with ASTM A 780.

END OF SECTION 05500

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL FABRICATIONS
SECTION 05511

METAL STAIRS

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1 RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
Conditions and Division 1 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.

1.2 SUMMARY

A. Section Includes:

1. Preassembled steel stairs with concrete-filled treads.


2. Steel tube railings attached to metal stairs.
3. Steel tube handrails attached to walls adjacent to metal stairs.

1.3 PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

A. Structural Performance of Stairs: Metal stairs shall withstand the effects of gravity loads and
the following loads and stresses within limits and under conditions indicated.

1. Uniform Load: 100 lbf/sq. ft. (4.79 kN/sq. m).


2. Concentrated Load: 300 lbf (1.33 kN) applied on an area of 4 sq. in. (2580 sq. mm).
3. Uniform and concentrated loads need not be assumed to act concurrently.
4. Stair Framing: Capable of withstanding stresses resulting from railing loads in addition
to loads specified above.
5. Limit deflection of treads, platforms, and framing members to L/240 or 1/4 inch (6.4
mm), whichever is less.

B. Structural Performance of Railings: Railings shall withstand the effects of gravity loads and the
following loads and stresses within limits and under conditions indicated.

1. Handrails and Top Rails of Guards:

a. Uniform load of 50 lbf/ ft. (0.73 kN/m) applied in any direction.


b. Concentrated load of 200 lbf (0.89 kN) applied in any direction.
c. Uniform and concentrated loads need not be assumed to act concurrently.

2. Infill of Guards:

a. Concentrated load of 50 lbf (0.22 kN) applied horizontally on an area of 1 sq. ft.
(0.093 sq. m).
b. Infill load and other loads need not be assumed to act concurrently.

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL STAIRS
C. Seismic Performance: Metal stairs shall withstand the effects of earthquake motions determined
according to ASCE/SEI 7.

1. Component Importance Factor is 1.5.

1.4 SUBMITTALS

A. Product Data: For metal stairs.

B. LEED Submittals:

1. Product Data for Credit MR 4.1 and Credit MR 4.2: Indicating percentages by weight of
postconsumer and preconsumer recycled content for products having recycled content.
Include statement indicating costs for each product having recycled content.

C. Shop Drawings: Include plans, elevations, sections, details, and attachments to other work.

D. Delegated-Design Submittal: For installed products indicated to comply with performance


requirements and design criteria, including analysis data signed and sealed by the qualified
professional engineer responsible for their preparation.

1.5 QUALITY ASSURANCE

A. NAAMM Stair Standard: Comply with "Recommended Voluntary Minimum Standards for
Fixed Metal Stairs" in NAAMM AMP 510, "Metal Stairs Manual," for class of stair designated,
unless more stringent requirements are indicated.

1. Preassembled Stairs: Commercial class.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2.1 METALS

A. Metal Surfaces, General: Provide materials with smooth, flat surfaces unless otherwise
indicated. For components exposed to view in the completed Work, provide materials without
seam marks, roller marks, rolled trade names, or blemishes.

B. Recycled Content of Steel Products: Provide products with average recycled content of steel
products so postconsumer recycled content plus one-half of preconsumer recycled content is not
less than 25 percent.

C. Steel Plates, Shapes, and Bars: ASTM A 36/A 36M.

D. Steel Tubing: ASTM A 500 (cold formed) or ASTM A 513.

E. Rolled-Steel Floor Plate: ASTM A 786/A 786M, rolled from plate complying with
ASTM A 36/A 36M or ASTM A 283/A 283M, Grade C or D.

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL STAIRS
F. Cast Iron: Either gray iron, ASTM A 48/A 48M, or malleable iron, ASTM A 47/A 47M, unless
otherwise indicated.

G. Uncoated, Cold-Rolled Steel Sheet: ASTM A 1008/A 1008M, either commercial steel, Type B,
or structural steel, Grade 25 (Grade 170), unless another grade is required by design loads;
exposed.

H. Uncoated, Hot-Rolled Steel Sheet: ASTM A 1011/A 1011M, either commercial steel, Type B,
or structural steel, Grade 30 (Grade 205), unless another grade is required by design loads.

I. Aluminum Extrusions: ASTM B 221 (ASTM B 221M), Alloy 6063-T6.

2.2 MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

A. Provide anchors for embedding units in concrete, either integral or applied to units, as standard
with manufacturer.

B. Apply bituminous paint to concealed surfaces of cast-metal units set into concrete.

C. Apply clear lacquer to concealed surfaces of extruded units set into concrete.

D. Fasteners: Provide zinc-plated fasteners with coating complying with ASTM B 633 or
ASTM F 1941 (ASTM F 1941M), Class Fe/Zn 12 for exterior use, and Class Fe/Zn 5 where
built into exterior walls. Select fasteners for type, grade, and class required.

E. Shop Primers: Provide primers that comply with Division 9 painting Sections.

F. Bituminous Paint: Cold-applied asphalt emulsion complying with ASTM D 1187.

G. Concrete Materials and Properties: Comply with requirements in Division 3 Section "Cast-in-
Place Concrete" for normal-weight, air-entrained, ready-mix concrete with a minimum 28-day
compressive strength of 3000 psi (20 MPa) unless otherwise indicated.

2.3 FABRICATION, GENERAL

A. Provide complete stair assemblies, including metal framing, hangers, struts, railings, clips,
brackets, bearing plates, and other components necessary to support and anchor stairs and
platforms on supporting structure.

1. Join components by welding unless otherwise indicated.


2. Use connections that maintain structural value of joined pieces.
3. Fabricate treads and platforms of exterior stairs so finished walking surfaces slope to
drain.

B. Preassembled Stairs: Assemble stairs in shop to greatest extent possible. Disassemble units
only as necessary for shipping and handling limitations.

C. Cut, drill, and punch metals cleanly and accurately. Remove burrs and ease edges. Remove
sharp or rough areas on exposed surfaces.

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL STAIRS
D. Form bent-metal corners to smallest radius possible without impairing work.

E. Weld connections to comply with the following:

1. Use materials and methods that minimize distortion and develop strength and corrosion
resistance of base metals.
2. Obtain fusion without undercut or overlap.
3. Remove welding flux immediately.
4. Weld exposed corners and seams continuously unless otherwise indicated.
5. At exposed connections, finish exposed welds to comply with NOMMA's "Voluntary
Joint Finish Standards" for Type 1 welds: no evidence of a welded joint.

F. Form exposed connections with hairline joints, flush and smooth, using concealed fasteners
where possible. Locate joints where least conspicuous.

G. Fabricate joints that will be exposed to weather in a manner to exclude water. Provide weep
holes where water may accumulate.

2.4 STEEL-FRAMED STAIRS

A. Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide products by one of the


following:

1. Alfab, Inc.
2. American Stair, Inc.
3. Sharon Companies Ltd. (The).

B. Stair Framing:

1. Fabricate stringers of steel plates or channels.


2. Construct platforms of steel plate or channel headers and miscellaneous framing
members as needed to comply with performance requirements unless otherwise indicated.
3. If using bolts, fabricate and join so bolts are not exposed on finished surfaces.
4. Where stairs are enclosed by gypsum board shaft-wall assemblies, provide hanger rods or
struts to support landings from floor construction above or below.
5. Where masonry walls support metal stairs, provide temporary supporting struts designed
for erecting steel stair components before installing masonry.

C. Metal-Pan Stairs: Form risers, subtread pans, and subplatforms to configurations shown from
steel sheet of thickness needed to comply with performance requirements but not less than
0.067 inch (1.7 mm).

1. At Contractor's option, provide stair assemblies with metal-pan subtreads filled with
reinforced concrete during fabrication.

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL STAIRS
2.5 STAIR RAILINGS

A. Steel Tube Railings: Fabricate railings to comply with requirements indicated for design,
dimensions, details, finish, and member sizes, including wall thickness of tube, post spacings,
and anchorage, but not less than that needed to withstand indicated loads.

1. Rails and Posts: 1-1/4-inch- (32-mm-) and 2-inch- (51-mm-) diameter top and
intermediate rails and 2-inch- (51-mm-) square posts and bottom rails.
2. Picket Infill: 1/2-inch- (13-mm-) square pickets spaced less than 4 inches (100 mm)
clear.

B. Welded Connections: Fabricate railings with welded connections. Cope components at


connections to provide close fit, or use fittings designed for this purpose. Weld all around at
connections, including at fittings.

1. Finish welds to comply with NOMMA's "Voluntary Joint Finish Standards" for Type 1
welds: no evidence of a welded joint.

C. Form changes in direction of railings by bending or by inserting prefabricated elbow fittings.

D. Form curves by bending members in jigs to produce uniform curvature without buckling.

E. Close exposed ends of railing members with prefabricated end fittings.

F. Provide wall returns at ends of wall-mounted handrails.

G. Brackets, Flanges, Fittings, and Anchors: Provide wall brackets, end closures, flanges,
miscellaneous fittings, and anchors for interconnecting components and for attaching to other
work.

1. Connect posts to stair framing by direct welding.

H. Fillers: Provide fillers made from steel plate, or other suitably crush-resistant material, to
transfer wall bracket loads through wall finishes. Size fillers to suit wall finish thicknesses.

2.6 FINISHES

A. Comply with NAAMM's "Metal Finishes Manual for Architectural and Metal Products" for
recommendations for applying and designating finishes.

B. Finish metal stairs after assembly.

C. Galvanizing: Hot-dip galvanize items as indicated to comply with ASTM A 153/A 153M for
steel and iron hardware and with ASTM A 123/A 123M for other steel and iron products.

D. Preparation for Shop Priming: Prepare uncoated ferrous-metal surfaces to comply with SSPC-
SP 6/NACE No. 3, "Commercial Blast Cleaning."

E. Apply shop primer to uncoated surfaces of metal stair components. Comply with SSPC-PA 1,
"Paint Application Specification No. 1: Shop, Field, and Maintenance Painting of Steel," for
shop painting.

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL STAIRS
PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.1 INSTALLATION

A. Cutting, Fitting, and Placement: Perform cutting, drilling, and fitting required for installing
metal stairs. Set units accurately in location, alignment, and elevation, measured from
established lines and levels and free of rack.

B. Install metal stairs by welding stair framing to steel structure or to weld plates cast into concrete
unless otherwise indicated.

C. Fit exposed connections accurately together to form hairline joints. Weld connections that are
not to be left as exposed joints. Do not weld, cut, or abrade surfaces of exterior units that have
been hot-dip galvanized after fabrication.

D. Field Welding: Comply with requirements for welding in "Fabrication, General" Article.

E. Place and finish concrete fill for treads and platforms to comply with Division 3 Section "Cast-
in-Place Concrete."

1. Install abrasive nosings with anchors fully embedded in concrete.

F. Attach handrails to wall with wall brackets. Use type of bracket with flange tapped for
concealed anchorage to threaded hanger bolt.

3.2 ADJUSTING AND CLEANING

A. Touchup Painting: Immediately after erection, clean field welds, bolted connections, and
abraded areas of shop paint, and paint exposed areas with same material as used for shop
painting to comply with SSPC-PA 1 for touching up shop-painted surfaces.

B. Galvanized Surfaces: Clean field welds, bolted connections, and abraded areas and repair
galvanizing to comply with ASTM A 780.

END OF SECTION 05511

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CORE Group, P.C. METAL STAIRS
SECTION 05530

GRATINGS

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1 RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
Conditions and Division 1 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.

1.2 SUMMARY

A. Section Includes:

1. Metal bar gratings.


2. Metal frames and supports for gratings.

1.3 PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

A. Delegated Design: Design gratings, including comprehensive engineering analysis by a


qualified professional engineer, using performance requirements and design criteria indicated.

B. Structural Performance: Gratings shall withstand the effects of gravity loads and the following
loads and stresses within limits and under conditions indicated.

1. Walkways and Elevated Platforms Other Than Exits: Uniform load of 60 lbf/sq. ft. (2.87
kN/sq. m).

C. Seismic Performance: Provide gratings capable of withstanding the effects of earthquake


motions determined according to ASCE/SEI 7.

1.4 SUBMITTALS

A. Product Data: For the following:

1. Formed-metal plank gratings.


2. Clips and anchorage devices for gratings.
3. Paint products.

B. LEED Submittals:

1. Product Data for Credit MR 4.1 and Credit MR 4.2: Indicating percentages by weight of
postconsumer and preconsumer recycled content for products having recycled content.
Include statement indicating costs for each product having recycled content.

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CORE Group, P.C. GRATINGS
C. Shop Drawings: Include plans, sections, details, and attachments to other work.

1.5 QUALITY ASSURANCE

A. Metal Bar Grating Standards: Comply with NAAMM MBG 531, "Metal Bar Grating Manual."

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2.1 FERROUS METALS

A. Recycled Content of Steel Products: Provide products with average recycled content of steel
products so postconsumer recycled content plus one-half of preconsumer recycled content is not
less than 25 percent.

B. Stainless-Steel Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Flat Bars: ASTM A 666, Type 304.

C. Stainless-Steel Bars and Shapes: ASTM A 276, Type 304.

2.2 FASTENERS

A. General: Unless otherwise indicated, provide Type 304 stainless-steel fasteners for exterior use
and zinc-plated fasteners with coating complying with ASTM B 633 or ASTM F 1941
(ASTM F 1941M), Class Fe/Zn 5, at exterior walls. Select fasteners for type, grade, and class
required.

1. Provide stainless steel fasteners for fastening stainless steel.

B. Post-Installed Anchors: Torque-controlled expansion anchors capable of sustaining, without


failure, a load equal to six times the load imposed when installed in unit masonry and four times
the load imposed when installed in concrete, as determined by testing according to
ASTM E 488, conducted by a qualified independent testing agency.

2.3 MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

A. Universal Shop Primer: Fast-curing, lead- and chromate-free, universal modified-alkyd primer
complying with MPI#79 and compatible with topcoat.

B. Galvanizing Repair Paint: High-zinc-dust-content paint complying with SSPC-Paint 20 and


compatible with paints specified to be used over it.

2.4 FABRICATION

A. Cut, drill, and punch material cleanly and accurately. Remove burrs and ease edges to a radius
of approximately 1/32 inch (1 mm) unless otherwise indicated. Remove sharp or rough areas on
exposed surfaces.

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CORE Group, P.C. GRATINGS
B. Form from materials of size, thickness, and shapes indicated, but not less than that needed to
support indicated loads.

C. Fit exposed connections accurately together to form hairline joints.

D. Fabricate toeplates for attaching in the field.

2.5 METAL BAR GRATINGS

A. Pressure-Locked, Stainless-Steel Grating:

1. Bearing Bar Spacing: 1-1/5 inches (38 mm) unless otherwise indicated.
2. Bearing Bar Depth: 2 inches (51 mm) unless otherwise indicated.
3. Bearing Bar Thickness: 3/16 inch (4.8 mm) unless otherwise indicated.
4. Crossbar Spacing: 4 inches (102 mm) o.c.
5. Traffic Surface: Plain.

B. Fabricate cutouts in grating sections for penetrations indicated. Arrange cutouts to permit
grating removal without disturbing items penetrating gratings.

1. Edge-band openings in grating that interrupt four or more bearing bars with bars of same
size and material as bearing bars.

C. Do not notch bearing bars at supports to maintain elevation.

2.6 GRATING FRAMES AND SUPPORTS

A. Frames and Supports for Metal Gratings: Fabricate from metal shapes, plates, and bars of
welded construction to sizes, shapes, and profiles indicated and as necessary to receive gratings.
Miter and weld connections for perimeter angle frames. Cut, drill, and tap units to receive
hardware and similar items.

1. Unless otherwise indicated, fabricate from same basic metal as gratings.


2. Equip units indicated to be cast into concrete or built into masonry with integrally welded
anchors. Unless otherwise indicated, space anchors 24 inches (600 mm) o.c. and provide
minimum anchor units in the form of steel straps 1-1/4 inches (32 mm) wide by 1/4 inch
(6 mm) thick by 8 inches (200 mm) long.

B. Galvanize steel frames and supports.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.1 INSTALLATION, GENERAL

A. Cutting, Fitting, and Placement: Perform cutting, drilling, and fitting required for installing
gratings. Set units accurately in location, alignment, and elevation; measured from established
lines and levels and free of rack.

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CORE Group, P.C. GRATINGS
B. Fit exposed connections accurately together to form hairline joints.

1. Weld connections that are not to be left as exposed joints but cannot be shop welded
because of shipping size limitations. Do not weld, cut, or abrade the surfaces of exterior
units that have been hot-dip galvanized after fabrication and are for bolted or screwed
field connections.

C. Attach toeplates to gratings by welding at locations indicated.

3.2 INSTALLING METAL BAR GRATINGS

A. General: Install gratings to comply with recommendations of referenced metal bar grating
standards that apply to grating types and bar sizes indicated, including installation clearances
and standard anchoring details.

B. Attach removable units to supporting members with type and size of clips and fasteners
indicated or, if not indicated, as recommended by grating manufacturer for type of installation
conditions shown.

C. Attach nonremovable units to supporting members by welding where both materials are same;
otherwise, fasten by bolting as indicated above.

3.3 ADJUSTING AND CLEANING

A. Touchup Painting: Immediately after erection, clean field welds, bolted connections, and
abraded areas of shop paint, and paint exposed areas with same material as used for shop
painting to comply with SSPC-PA 1 requirements for touching up shop-painted surfaces.

B. Galvanized Surfaces: Clean field welds, bolted connections, and abraded areas and repair
galvanizing to comply with ASTM A 780.

END OF SECTION 05530

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CORE Group, P.C. GRATINGS
SECTION 05721

ORNAMENTAL RAILINGS

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1 RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary
Conditions and Division 1 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.

1.2 SUMMARY

A. Section Includes:

1. Aluminum decorative railings.


2. Stainless-steel decorative railings.
3. Glass- and plastic-supported railings.
4. Post-supported railings with glass infill.

B. Related Sections:

1. Division 5 Section "Metal Stairs" for steel tube railings included with metal stairs.

1.3 PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

A. Structural Performance: Railings shall withstand the effects of gravity loads and the following
loads and stresses within limits and under conditions indicated:

1. Handrails and Top Rails of Guards:

a. Uniform load of 50 lbf/ft. (0.73 kN/m) applied in any direction.


b. Concentrated load of 200 lbf (0.89 kN) applied in any direction.
c. Uniform and concentrated loads need not be assumed to act concurrently.

2. Infill of Guards:

a. Concentrated load of 50 lbf (0.22 kN) applied horizontally on an area of 1 sq. ft.
(0.093 sq. m).
b. Infill load and other loads need not be assumed to act concurrently.

3. Glass-Supported Railings: Support each section of top rail by a minimum of three glass
panels or by other means so top rail will remain in place if any one panel fails.

B. Control of Corrosion: Prevent galvanic action and other forms of corrosion by insulating metals
and other materials from direct contact with incompatible materials.

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CORE Group, P.C. ORNAMENTAL RAILINGS
1.4 PRECONSTRUCTION TESTING

A. Preconstruction Testing Service: Owner will engage a qualified testing agency to perform
preconstruction testing on laboratory mockups.

1. Build laboratory mockups at testing agency facility; use personnel, materials, and
methods of construction that will be used at Project site.
2. Test railings according to ASTM E 894 and ASTM E 935.

1.5 SUBMITTALS

A. Product Data: For the following:

1. Manufacturer's product lines of railings assembled from standard components.


2. Grout, anchoring cement, and paint products.

B. Shop Drawings: Include plans, elevations, sections, details, and attachments to other work.

C. Samples: For each type of exposed finish required.

D. Qualification Data: For qualified professional engineer.

E. Product Test Reports: Based on evaluation of comprehensive tests performed by a qualified


testing agency, according to ASTM E 894 and ASTM E 935.

F. Preconstruction test reports.

1.6 QUALITY ASSURANCE

A. Product Options: Information on Drawings and in Specifications establishes requirements for


system's aesthetic effects and performance characteristics. Do not modify intended aesthetic
effects, as judged solely by Architect, except with Architect's approval.

B. Safety Glazing Labeling: Permanently mark glass with certification label of the SGCC. Label
shall indicate manufacturer's name, type of glass, thickness, and safety glazing standard with
which glass complies.

C. Mockups: Build mockups to verify selections made under sample submittals and to
demonstrate aesthetic effects and set quality standards for fabrication and installation.

1. Build mockups for each form and finish of railing consisting of two posts, top rail, infill
area, and anchorage system components.

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CORE Group, P.C. ORNAMENTAL RAILINGS
PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2.1 MANUFACTURERS

A. Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide products by one of the


following:

1. Aluminum Decorative Railings:

a. Architectural Metal Works.


b. Architectural Railings & Grilles, Inc.
c. ART Technologies, Inc.
d. Blum, Julius & Co., Inc.
e. Bluecoat of Pittsburgh.
f. Braun, J. G., Company; a division of the Wagner Companies.
g. CraneVeyor Corp.
h. Laurence, C. R. Co., Inc.
i. Livers Bronze Co.
j. Newman Brothers, Inc.
k. Pisor Industries, Inc.
l. Platers Polishing Company; a division of Rippel Architectural Metals.
m. Poma Corporation.
n. Sterling Dula Architectural Products, Inc.; Div. of Kane Manufacturing.
o. Superior Aluminum Products, Inc.
p. Wagner, R & B, Inc.; a division of the Wagner Companies.
q. Wylie Systems.

2. Stainless-Steel Decorative Railings:

a. Architectural Metal Works.


b. Architectural Railings & Grilles, Inc.
c. Atlantis Rail Systems; Division of Suncor Stainless.
d. Blum, Julius & Co., Inc.
e. Blumcraft of Pittsburgh.
f. CraneVeyor Corp.
g. Livers Bronze Co.
h. Newman Brothers, Inc.
i. P & P Artec.
j. Pisor Industries, Inc.
k. Platers Polishing Company; a division of Rippel Architectural Metals.
l. Tri Tech, Inc.
m. Wagner, R & B, Inc.; a division of the Wagner Companies.
n. Wylie Systems.

3. Glass- and Plastic-Supported Railings:

a. Architectural Metal Works.


b. Blum, Julius & Co., Inc.
c. Blumcraft of Pittsburgh.
d. Clearail, Inc.

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CORE Group, P.C. ORNAMENTAL RAILINGS
e. CraneVeyor Corp.
f. Livers Bronze Co.
g. Newman Brothers, Inc.
h. Platers Polishing Company; a division of Rippel Architectural Metals.
i. TACO Metals Inc.
j. Tri Tech, Inc.

2.2 METALS, GENERAL

A. Brackets, Flanges, and Anchors: Same metal and finish as supported rails unless otherwise
indicated.

2.3 ALUMINUM

A. Aluminum, General: Provide alloy and temper recommended by aluminum producer and
finisher for type of use and finish indicated, and with strength and durability properties for each
aluminum form required not less than that of alloy and temper designated below.

B. Extruded Bars and Shapes, Including Extruded Tubing: ASTM B 221 (ASTM B 221M),
Alloy 6063-T5/T52.

C. Extruded Structural Pipe and Round Tubing: ASTM B 429/B 429M, Alloy 6063-T6.

D. Drawn Seamless Tubing: ASTM B 210 (ASTM B 210M), Alloy 6063-T832.

E. Plate and Sheet: ASTM B 209 (ASTM B 209M), Alloy 6061-T6.

F. Die and Hand Forgings: ASTM B 247 (ASTM B 247M), Alloy 6061-T6.

G. Castings: ASTM B 26/B 26M, Alloy A356.0-T6.

2.4 STAINLESS STEEL

A. Tubing: ASTM A 554, Grade MT 304.

B. Pipe: ASTM A 312/A 312M, Grade TP 304.

C. Castings: ASTM A 743/A 743M, Grade CF 8 or CF 20.

D. Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Flat Bar: ASTM A 666, Type 304.

E. Bars and Shapes: ASTM A 276, Type 304.

2.5 GLASS AND GLAZING MATERIALS

A. Tempered Glass: ASTM C 1048, Kind FT (fully tempered), Condition A (uncoated), Type 1
(transparent flat glass), Quality-Q3. Provide products that have been tested for surface and edge

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CORE Group, P.C. ORNAMENTAL RAILINGS
compression according to ASTM C 1048 and for impact strength according to 16 CFR 1201 for
Category II materials.

1. Glass Color: Clear.


2. Thickness for Structural Glass Balusters: As required by structural loads, but not less
than 3/4 inch (19.0 mm).
3. Thickness for Glass Infill Panels: As required by structural loads, but not less than 3/8
inch (10.0 mm).

B. Glazing Cement and Accessories for Structural Glazing: Glazing cement, setting blocks, shims,
and related accessories as recommended or supplied by railing manufacturer for installing
structural glazing in metal subrails.

C. Glazing Gaskets for Glass Infill Panels: Glazing gaskets and related accessories recommended
or supplied by railing manufacturer for installing glass infill panels in post-supported railings.

2.6 FASTENERS

A. Fastener Materials: Unless otherwise indicated, provide the following:

1. Aluminum Components: Type 304 stainless-steel fasteners.


2. Stainless-Steel Components: Type 304 stainless-steel fasteners.
3. Dissimilar Metals: Type 304 stainless-steel fasteners.

B. Anchors, General: Anchors capable of sustaining, without failure, a load equal to six times the
load imposed when installed in unit masonry and four times the load imposed when installed in
concrete, as determined by testing according to ASTM E 488, conducted by a qualified
independent testing agency.

C. Post-Installed Anchors: Torque-controlled expansion anchors.

2.7 MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

A. Nonshrink, Nonmetallic Grout: Factory-packaged, nonstaining, noncorrosive, nongaseous grout


complying with ASTM C 1107. Provide grout specifically recommended by manufacturer for
interior and exterior applications.

2.8 FABRICATION

A. General: Fabricate railings to comply with requirements indicated for design, dimensions,
member sizes and spacing, details, finish, and anchorage, but not less than that required to
support structural loads.

B. Connections: Fabricate railings with welded connections unless otherwise indicated.

C. Welded Connections: Cope components at connections to provide close fit, or use fittings
designed for this purpose. Weld all around at connections, including at fittings.

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CORE Group, P.C. ORNAMENTAL RAILINGS
1. At exposed connections, finish exposed welds to comply with NOMMA's "Voluntary
Joint Finish Standards" for Type 1 welds: no evidence of a welded joint.

D. Mechanical Connections: Connect members with concealed mechanical fasteners and fittings.

E. Form changes in direction by bending or by inserting prefabricated elbow fittings.

F. Bend members in jigs to produce uniform curvature for each configuration required; maintain
cross section of member throughout entire bend without buckling, twisting, cracking, or
otherwise deforming exposed surfaces of components.

G. Close exposed ends of hollow railing members with prefabricated end fittings.

H. Provide wall returns at ends of wall-mounted handrails unless otherwise indicated.

I. Brackets, Flanges, Fittings, and Anchors: Provide wall brackets, flanges, miscellaneous fittings,
and anchors to interconnect railing members to other work unless otherwise indicated.

2.9 GLAZING PANEL FABRICATION

A. Structural Balusters: Provide tempered.

B. Infill Panels: Provide tempered glass panels.

2.10 ALUMINUM FINISHES

A. Clear Anodic Finish: AAMA 611, AA-M12C22A41, Class I, 0.018 mm or thicker.

2.11 STAINLESS-STEEL FINISHES

A. Non-directional Satin Finish: No. 4.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.1 INSTALLATION

A. Perform cutting, drilling, and fitting required for installing railings. Set railings accurately in
location, alignment, and elevation; measured from established lines and levels and free of rack.

1. Set posts plumb within a tolerance of 1/16 inch in 3 feet (2 mm in 1 m).


2. Align rails so variations from level for horizontal members and variations from parallel
with rake of steps and ramps for sloping members do not exceed 1/4 inch in 12 feet (5
mm in 3 m).

B. Corrosion Protection: Coat concealed surfaces of aluminum that will be in contact with grout,
concrete, masonry, wood, or dissimilar metals, with a heavy coat of bituminous paint.

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CORE Group, P.C. ORNAMENTAL RAILINGS
C. Use steel pipe sleeves preset and anchored into concrete for installing posts. After posts have
been inserted into sleeves, fill annular space between post and sleeve with grout.

D. Form or core-drill holes not less than 5 inches (125 mm) deep and 3/4 inch (20 mm) larger than
OD of post for installing posts in concrete. Clean holes of loose material, insert posts, and fill
annular space between post and concrete with grout.

E. Anchor posts to metal surfaces as indicated using fittings designed and engineered for this
purpose.

F. Anchor railing ends to concrete and masonry with sleeves concealed within railing ends and
anchored to wall construction with anchors and bolts.

G. Attach handrails to walls with wall brackets except where end flanges are used.

1. Use type of bracket with flange tapped for concealed anchorage to threaded hanger bolt.
2. Locate brackets as indicated or, if not indicated, at spacing required to support structural
loads.

H. Secure wall brackets and railing end flanges to building construction as follows:

1. For concrete and solid masonry anchorage, use drilled-in expansion shields and hanger or
lag bolts.
2. For hollow masonry anchorage, use toggle bolts.
3. For steel-framed partitions, fasten brackets directly to steel framing or concealed steel
reinforcements using self-tapping screws of size and type required to support structural
loads.

I. Glass-Supported Railings: Install assembly to comply with railing manufacturer's written


instructions.

J. Post-Supported Glass Railings: Install assembly to comply with railing manufacturer's written
instructions and with requirements in other Part 3 articles. Erect posts and other metal railing
components, then set factory-cut glass panels. Do not cut, drill, or alter glass panels in field.
Protect edges from damage.

K. Touchup Painting: Immediately after erection, clean field welds, bolted connections, and
abraded areas of shop paint, and paint exposed areas with the same material as used for shop
painting to comply with SSPC-PA 1 for touching up shop-painted surfaces.

END OF SECTION 05721

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