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# HPHS/MSE 208: Patterns in Nature (2014 Fall) 2014Fall-T-PHS208-MSE208-72416-71992

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Jenna Marsh

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Test

Exercise 01

Started

8/25/14 12:31 PM

Submitted

8/25/14 12:39 PM

Status

Completed

## Attempt Score 10 out of 10 points

Time Elapsed

7 minutes

Instructions

Question 1

1 out of 1 points
If you enlarge the pinhole, does the image

become brighter

become brighter

Question 2

1 out of 1 points
The path of light going from water to air

is reversible

is reversible

Question 3

1 out of 1 points
The velocity of light in a uniform glass medium

is constant

is constant

Question 4

1 out of 1 points
When you view an object with a pinhole scope, the object is inverted. If you rotate the scope 180 degrees, the image is

still inverted

still inverted

Question 5

1 out of 1 points
The path of white light in a uniform medium

## is straight for all colors

Question 6

1 out of 1 points
If you punched three holes in the foil of the scope, how many images do you see in the viewer?

three

three

Question 7

1 out of 1 points
If we consider the human eye as a pinhole camera with the image of an arrow projected on the back of the eye (the "retina"),
the image would be

## inverted (upside down)

Question 8

1 out of 1 points
If the Sun's light were to be extinguished at this moment, in what time would we know about it if were were on Venus? (The
distance to the Sun is 1.5 x 108 km)

in some minutes

in some minutes

Question 9

1 out of 1 points
The path of light in a glass medium

is straight

is straight

Question 10

1 out of 1 points
The velocity of white light in a uniform transparent medium

OK

## HPHS/MSE 208: Patterns in Nature (2014 Fall) 2014Fall-T-PHS208-MSE208-72416-71992

Lesson 2 - Reflection and Refraction

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Jenna Marsh

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Exercise 02

Started

9/4/14 6:18 PM

Submitted

9/4/14 6:35 PM

Status

Completed

## Attempt Score 10 out of 10 points

Time Elapsed

16 minutes

Instructions

Question 1

1 out of 1 points
A beam of light incident on a flat water surface reflects from the mirror-like surface so that the angle of incidence equals the
angle of reflection. The water is wavy. Would individual light beams (individual photons, for example) obey the law of reflection
in this case?

Yes

Yes

Question 2

1 out of 1 points
If a lens has chromatic aberration, the focal length of red and blue light is

changed

changed

Question 3

1 out of 1 points
A beam of red light is incident on a glass plate passes the glass/air boundary. What does not change?

energy

energy

Question 4

1 out of 1 points
A beam of light is traveling in air and crosses into glass. As the light crosses the air/glass boundary, which of the following
occurs?

Question 5

a change in wavelength

a change in wavelength

1 out of 1 points
A beam of red light is traveling in a glass and crosses into air. As the light crosses the boundary, which of the following occurs?

a change in wavelength

a change in wavelength

Question 6

1 out of 1 points
A beam of blue light in air is incident on a glass plate. Will the beam transmitted through the glass plate emerge parallel to the
incident beam?

Yes

Yes

Question 7

1 out of 1 points
If a lens has chromatic aberration, the focal length of red light compared to that of blue light

is different

is different

Question 8

1 out of 1 points
A beam of light, incident on a flat water surface, reflects from the mirror-like surface so that the angle of incidence equals the
angle of reflection. The water has waves. Would individual light beams obey the law of reflection in this case?

Yes

Yes

Question 9

1 out of 1 points
If the focal length of red light is different from that of blue light, the lens has

chromatic aberration

chromatic aberration

Question 10

1 out of 1 points
In order to see an object it must

OK

## HPHS/MSE 208: Patterns in Nature (2014 Fall) 2014Fall-T-PHS208-MSE208-72416-71992

Lesson 3 - Lenses and Fresnel Lenses

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Jenna Marsh

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Exercise 03

Started

9/9/14 1:28 PM

Submitted

9/9/14 1:39 PM

Status

Completed

## Attempt Score 10 out of 10 points

Time Elapsed

11 minutes

Instructions

Question 1

1 out of 1 points
One disadvantage of using a Fresnel plastic lens over that of a standard quartz convex lens is

## quality of the image

Question 2

1 out of 1 points
If you have a light source a distance from a concave lens and you project the image on a sheet of paper, does the image appear

## behind the source

Question 3

1 out of 1 points
If the incident rays are diverging as they come to the lens,as compared to the case the parallel incident rays,
the focal point is

## farther from the lens

Question 4

1 out of 1 points
The weight of the lens is one advantage of using a Fresnel plastic lens of the same focal length over that of a:

Question 5

convex lens

convex lens

1 out of 1 points

If you have two convex lenses with different magnification, which has the larger curvature?

## the lens with the smaller focal length

Question 6

1 out of 1 points
If you have a light source a distance from a convex lens and you project the image on a sheet of paper, does the image appear

inverted

inverted

Question 7

1 out of 1 points
A virtual image is

## cannot be projected on a screen

Question 8

1 out of 1 points
If you have two convex lenses with different curvatures, which has the greater curvature?

## the lens with the shorter focal length

Question 9

1 out of 1 points
The magnification of a convex lens compared to a Fresnel lens:

## can be the same

Question 10

1 out of 1 points
A concave lens is used. Will the image appear

different

different

OK

## HPHS/MSE 208: Patterns in Nature (2014 Fall) 2014Fall-T-PHS208-MSE208-72416-71992

Lesson 4 - Life Cycle of Photon

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Jenna Marsh

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Exercise 04

Started

9/16/14 7:23 PM

Submitted

9/16/14 7:31 PM

Status

Completed

## Attempt Score 10 out of 10 points

Time Elapsed

7 minutes

Instructions

Question 1

1 out of 1 points
Light can be described as having wave-like behavior and

particle-like behavior

particle-like behavior

Question 2

1 out of 1 points
An electron gaining energy describes:

photon absorption

photon absorption

Question 3

1 out of 1 points
A photon is emitted (created) with?

## an electron losing energy.

Question 4

1 out of 1 points
An electron losing energy describes:

photon creation

photon creation

Question 5

1 out of 1 points
A gamma ray is part of the electromagnetic spectrum. Compared to photons of X-rays, a gamma ray has?

## all of the above

Question 6

1 out of 1 points
Microwaves are part of the electromagnetic spectrum. Compared to photons of visible light, a microwave has?

## all of the above

Question 7

1 out of 1 points
A photon is absorbed and vanishes (or dies) with?

## an electron gaining energy

Question 8

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following CANNOT be described as a "photon"?

compressive wave

compressive wave

Question 9

1 out of 1 points
An electron and positron can recombine with each other and create

a photon

a photon

Question 10

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following CANNOT be described as a "photon"?

sound wave.

sound wave.

OK

## HPHS/MSE 208: Patterns in Nature (2014 Fall) 2014Fall-T-PHS208-MSE208-72416-71992

Lesson 5 - Color and the Visible Spectrum

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Jenna Marsh

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Exercise 05

Started

9/23/14 6:23 PM

Submitted

9/23/14 6:34 PM

Status

Completed

## Attempt Score 10 out of 10 points

Time Elapsed

10 minutes

Instructions

Question 1

1 out of 1 points
When white light is incident on glass about 4% of the incident light is reflected from the air/glass interface (you can see
yourself in a shop window as you walk past). Would some of the red light also be reflected?

Yes

Yes

Question 2

1 out of 1 points
In the electromagnetic spectrum, as the energy of the radiation increases from radio waves to x-rays, the wavelength

decreases

decreases

Question 3

1 out of 1 points
Colored light may have a dominant wavelength or

hue

hue

Question 4

1 out of 1 points
Which of the following colors could not be represented by a single wavelength of light?

Question 5

purple

purple

1 out of 1 points

A wavelength of blue light is 450 nanometers (nm). Is this wavelength longer or shorter than a wavelength of red light?

shorter

shorter

Question 6

1 out of 1 points
In the electromagnetic spectrum, as the energy of the radiation increases from radio waves to x-rays, the velocity

## stays the same

Question 7

1 out of 1 points
What colors are used in a T.V. color monitor?

## red, blue and green

Question 8

1 out of 1 points
Representing visible light by waves, the wavelength is

## the distance from one wave crest to the next

Question 9

1 out of 1 points
In the electromagnetic spectrum of visible light, the shortest wavelength is associated with violet, the longest with

red

red

Question 10

1 out of 1 points
A single photon of one color differs from a photon of another color only by its

energy

energy

OK

## HPHS/MSE 208: Patterns in Nature (2014 Fall) 2014Fall-T-PHS208-MSE208-72416-71992

Lesson 6 - Rainbows & Blue Sky

Learning Modules

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Jenna Marsh

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Exercise 06

Started

9/30/14 7:28 PM

Submitted

9/30/14 7:35 PM

Status

Completed

## Attempt Score 10 out of 10 points

Time Elapsed

7 minutes

Instructions

Question 1

1 out of 1 points
A rainbow not only refracts and disperses light it also

reflects

reflects

Question 2

1 out of 1 points
When you have two rainbows, the outer ring of the second (outer) rainbow is

blue

blue

Question 3

1 out of 1 points
As light is reflected from raindrops, each color emerges at

a different angle

a different angle

Question 4

1 out of 1 points
When light encounters a boundary between two transparent materials with different indices of refraction, some of the light is
transmitted and some is

Question 5

reflected

reflected

1 out of 1 points

## the observer's shadow

Question 6

1 out of 1 points
The observer's shadow is the center of the arc of the

rainbow

rainbow

Question 7

1 out of 1 points
If you are admiring a raindrop with a friend you are each seeing

a different rainbow

a different rainbow

Question 8

1 out of 1 points
The preferential scattering of blue light causes the sky to be blue and the sunsets red. If the scattering by air molecules
anddust was independent of wavelength (no preferential scattering) the color of the sky would be

white

white

Question 9

1 out of 1 points
If red (instead of blue) light was preferentially scattered, the sunsets would appear

blue

blue

Question 10

1 out of 1 points
If we observe a rainbow when sunlight shines on rain, why don't we see a complete rainbow circle?

OK

## HPHS/MSE 208: Patterns in Nature (2014 Fall) 2014Fall-T-PHS208-MSE208-72416-71992

Lesson 7 - Interference Colors

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Jenna Marsh

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Exercise 07

Started

10/8/14 10:48 PM

Submitted

10/8/14 10:56 PM

Status

Completed

## Attempt Score 8 out of 10 points

Time Elapsed

8 minutes

Instructions

Question 1

1 out of 1 points
Preferential scattering is called Rayleigh Scattering when it is proportional to

## the reciprocal of the wavelength to the 4th power

Question 2

1 out of 1 points
In thin-film interference with a transparent film, as the film thickness increases many-fold, the reflected colors fromincident
white light become

white

white

Question 3

1 out of 1 points
The colors seen in thin silicon oxide layers on silicon are due to

interference

interference

Question 4

1 out of 1 points
The sky appears blue because of

Question 5

## preferential scattering of selected wavelengths

1 out of 1 points

## In birds, preferential scattering leads to a structural color of

blue

blue

Question 6

0 out of 1 points
True reflection of light from thin film exhibits various colors dependent on

[None Given]

film thickness

Question 7

0 out of 1 points
A single wavelength light beam incident on a thin film can have the reflected beam either reinforced diminished depending on

film thickness

## all of the above

Question 8

1 out of 1 points
Compared to the dimensions of the wavelength of light,particles that preferentially scatter blue light are

smaller

smaller

Question 9

1 out of 1 points
Light going from lower refractive index air to high refractive index glass has a phase change in the reflected beam of

one-half wavelength

one-half wavelength

Question 10

1 out of 1 points
Light of one wavelength incident on a thin film will be reduced in reflection if the waves are

out of phase

out of phase

OK

## HPHS/MSE 208: Patterns in Nature (2014 Fall) 2014Fall-T-PHS208-MSE208-72416-71992

Lesson 8 - Color Compisition and Polarized Light

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Jenna Marsh

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Exercise 08

Started

10/16/14 6:39 PM

Submitted

10/16/14 6:50 PM

Status

Completed

## Attempt Score 10 out of 10 points

Time Elapsed

10 minutes

Instructions

Question 1

1 out of 1 points
If you take two polarizer films that are transparent to light and you cross them by 90 degrees, the pair will

become opaque

become opaque

Question 2

1 out of 1 points
The polarizer can transform circularly polarized light into

## linearly polarized light

Question 3

1 out of 1 points
A pair of complementary colors are

## blue and yellow

Question 4

1 out of 1 points
White light can be produced by two colors.

Yes

Yes

Question 5

1 out of 1 points

## White light reflected from a glass mirror can be polarized

Yes

Yes

Question 6

1 out of 1 points
For light incident on a glass plate, the Brewster angle is about

56 degrees

56 degrees

Question 7

1 out of 1 points
Circularly polarized light reflected at the Brewster angle from a flat sheet of glass will be

fully polarized

fully polarized

Question 8

1 out of 1 points
The energy levels in the electron transition leading to light emission differ by

## one unit of angular momentum

Question 9

1 out of 1 points
The Polaroid film used in the optics kit and the lab absorbs

## one direction of light oscillations

Question 10

1 out of 1 points
The blue color from the sky is due to

scattering

scattering

OK

## HPHS/MSE 208: Patterns in Nature (2014 Fall) 2014Fall-T-PHS208-MSE208-72416-71992

Lesson 9 - Optical Spectroscopy, Neon Lights

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Jenna Marsh

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Exercise 09

Started

10/26/14 2:49 PM

Submitted

10/26/14 3:04 PM

Status

Completed

## Attempt Score 10 out of 10 points

Time Elapsed

15 minutes

Instructions

Question 1

1 out of 1 points
In solid silicon the outermost electrons are bound by energies of 1.1 eV. Light is absorbed in

## IR portion of the spectrum

Question 2

1 out of 1 points
In silicon the binding energies for the inner-most electrons are

1.8 eV

1.8 eV

Question 3

1 out of 1 points
If you wanted to change the color of a neon light, you would

## change the gas in the tube

Question 4

1 out of 1 points
If you observe line spectra, it means

Question 5

## the electrons have well-defined energy levels

1 out of 1 points

## An optical spectrometer measures

light wavelength

light wavelength

Question 6

1 out of 1 points
Light can be described by particle-like behavior or

wave-like behavior

wave-like behavior

Question 7

1 out of 1 points
The light from a heated tungsten filament lies in the energy region on the

visible spectrum

visible spectrum

Question 8

1 out of 1 points
Light can be emitted when electrons make the transition between two states. The photon energy is equal to

## the difference of energy between the two levels

Question 9

1 out of 1 points
A semiconductor light emitting diode (LED) is one where light is emitted when

current flows

current flows

Question 10

1 out of 1 points
A photon energy of 2eV lies in

OK

## HPHS/MSE 208: Patterns in Nature (2014 Fall) 2014Fall-T-PHS208-MSE208-72416-71992

Part 10 - Electrons in Atoms

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Jenna Marsh

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Exercise 10

Started

10/28/14 9:25 PM

Submitted

10/28/14 9:32 PM

Status

Completed

## Attempt Score 8 out of 10 points

Time Elapsed

6 minutes

Instructions

Question 1

1 out of 1 points
The energy of a photon in electron volts is given by the constant 1240 divided by

wavelength (nanometers)

wavelength (nanometers)

Question 2

1 out of 1 points
Comparing the wave behavior of an electron and a photon, electron and X-ray diffraction

are similar

are similar

Question 3

1 out of 1 points
The emission of electrons by an excited atom

## both of the above

Question 4

0 out of 1 points
Atoms that contain more electrons than that of hydrogen have inner most electrons that are

## held more firmly

Question 5

1 out of 1 points
Atoms that contain more electrons than hydrogen,have K-shell photon emissions compared to that of hydrogen

that are

larger

larger

Question 6

1 out of 1 points
When you consider the electormagnetic spectrum containg IR and UV light, both are emitted from

## electrons around the atom

Question 7

1 out of 1 points
In the Bohr atom, the ionization energy is

13.58 eV

13.58 eV

Question 8

1 out of 1 points
Balmer radiation refers to light emitted from an excited atom of

hydrogen

hydrogen

Question 9

0 out of 1 points
The energy of an electron in a vacuum

is constant

## varies as the velocity squared

Question 10

1 out of 1 points
The photon energy is given by Planck's constant h times to the

frequency

frequency

OK

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Jenna Marsh

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Exercise 11

Started

11/9/14 3:54 PM

Submitted

11/9/14 3:57 PM

Status

Completed

## Attempt Score 10 out of 10 points

Time Elapsed 3 minutes
Instructions

Question 1

1 out of 1 points

The reading for this week covers a wide range of the electromagnetic spectrum. Which
of the four has the longest wavelength?

infrared (IR)

infrared (IR)

Question 2

1 out of 1 points

The amount of x-ray absorption per unit area exposed to the beam depends on

## the number of electrons

Question 3

1 out of 1 points

## Light penetrates through pigments when the energy of the light is in

IR

IR

Question 4

1 out of 1 points

## both the same

Question 5

1 out of 1 points

The wavelength to energy conversion is " the energy (eV) equals 1240 divided
by the wavelength " in wavelength units of?

nanometers

nanometers

Question 6

1 out of 1 points

The reading for this week covers a wide range of the electromagnetic spectrum. Which
of the four has the shortest wavelength?

X-ray

X-ray

Question 7

1 out of 1 points

The same thickness of iron and lead will absorb the same amount of X-rays.

no

no

Question 8

1 out of 1 points

## Exponential Decay Law

Question 9

1 out of 1 points

Photon absorption in solids depends on the number of electrons that can accept a
transfer of energy from the photon. Would youget about the same amount of absorption
of visible light in silicon and silicon dioxide?

no

no

Question 10

1 out of 1 points

OK

Learning Modules

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Jenna Marsh

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Exercise 12

Started

11/10/14 7:42 PM

Submitted

11/10/14 7:45 PM

Status

Completed

## Attempt Score 10 out of 10 points

Time Elapsed 2 minutes
Instructions

Question 1

1 out of 1 points

Resolution

## refers to the detail seen in a sample

Question 2

1 out of 1 points

## The maximum magnification of the van Leewenhoek microscope is

270

270

Question 3

1 out of 1 points

## both of the above

Question 4

1 out of 1 points

## The founder of the science of microbiology is

van Leewenhoek

van Leewenhoek

Question 5

1 out of 1 points

## One hundred microns is a length of

0.01 centimeters

0.01 centimeters

Question 6

1 out of 1 points

## A human hair has the diameter of about

70 microns

70 microns

Question 7

1 out of 1 points

## What does it mean for a lens to have a negative focal length?

Selected
Correct

focal point is on the same side of the lens from where the object is
placed
focal point is on the same side of the lens from where the object is
placed

Question 8

1 out of 1 points

## greater the smaller the focal length

Question 9

1 out of 1 points

## from a drop of water

Question 10

1 out of 1 points

70 microns

70 microns

OK

Learning Modules

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Jenna Marsh

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## PHS/MSE 208: Patterns in Nature (2014 Fall)

Test

Exercise 13

Started

11/17/14 12:24 PM

Submitted

11/17/14 12:29 PM

Status

Completed

## Attempt Score 9 out of 10 points

Time Elapsed 4 minutes
Instructions

Question 1

1 out of 1 points

In the SEM, the image is formed by a fine electron beam scanned over the sample. The
scan is called

raster

Question 2

1 out of 1 points

## One attractive feature of optical microscopy is

ease of use

Question 3

1 out of 1 points

## With electronic imaging in the SEM, the images can be made

in color

Question 4

1 out of 1 points

The limit on what size can be resolved - irrespective of instrument type is set by

wavelength

Question 5

1 out of 1 points

## high resolving power

Question 6

1 out of 1 points

The resolving power of electron microscopes is orders of magnitude better than that of
an optical microscope because the probing beam is orders of magnitude smaller in
terms of

wavelength

Question 7

1 out of 1 points

## In electron microscopy, the samples must be covered with a conducting coating

true

Question 8

0 out of 1 points

## operates with sample in vacuum

Question 9

1 out of 1 points

## The electron mass is about the same as

neither

Question 10

1 out of 1 points

The three-dimensional appearance in the SEM of the specimen image is a direct result
of

OK

Learning Modules

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Jenna Marsh

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Exercise 14

Started

12/4/14 12:17 PM

Submitted

12/4/14 12:25 PM

Status

Completed

## Attempt Score 9 out of 10 points

Time Elapsed 8 minutes
Instructions

Question 1

1 out of 1 points

## the samples are coated with a conducting film

Question 2

0 out of 1 points

From the Images of Nature Techniques site, what is the range in microns of 1 MeV He
ions in mylar

20 microns

5 microns

Question 3

1 out of 1 points

From the Images of Nature Techniques site. the PIXE detectors are placed on a Liguid
Nitrogen cold finger for

## to cool the detector

Question 4

1 out of 1 points

## In art museums, PIXE techniques can be used to identify pigments in paintings

yes

yes

Question 5

1 out of 1 points

## In particle-induced x-ray emmission, the sample analysis can be carried out in

both

both

Question 6

1 out of 1 points

Comparing the beam size in the lectron microprobe with that in the x-ray luoresce
system, which has the smaller beam diameter

electron beam

electron beam

Question 7

1 out of 1 points

## both of the above

Question 8

1 out of 1 points

The remote sensing on Mars Sojourner Rover has a radioactive source the emits

alpha particles

alpha particles

Question 9

1 out of 1 points

of energetic

## any of the above

Question 10

1 out of 1 points

The moon in 1967 and Mars in 1997 and 2004 were bombarded by radioactive sources
in order to determine