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1

Which of the following is true?


A The unit of heat is o C
B Heat is a form of energy
C Heat flows from a cold substance to a hot substance.

Heat and temperature are


A forms of energy
B
scalar quantities
C measured in the same S.I.units
D measured by the same instrument.

0 oC is equivalent to
A - 273 K B -173 K C 100 K

D 273 K E 373 K

An earth-monitoring satellite falls into the earths atmosphere


at a high velocity and reaches at the sea surface with a high
temperature. After a while the temperature of the satellite is
same as the temperature of the sea water. This is caused by
A The heat released by the satellite
B The heat absorbed by the sea water
C The satellite is cooled by the sea water
D The satellite and the sea water are in thermal equlibrium

The diagram shows a metal sphere P at 80oC is immersed in


a cooler liquid Q.

Thermal equilibrium is reached when


A temperature of P = temperature of Q
B mass of Q displaced = mass of P
C volume of Q = volume of P
D specific heat capacity of P = specific heat capacity of Q
6

The diagram shows two copper blocks, L and M, touching


each other. The initial temperatures of L and M are 50 oC
and 30 oC respectively.

Which statement is correct when L and M are at thermal


equilibrium?
A Temperature of L is higher than M
B The quantity of heat in L is the same as in M
C Rate of change in temperature of L is bigger than that
of M
D Net rate of heat flow between L and M is zero
7

Which relationship between T1 , T2 and T is true?


A T1 > T2 > T
B
T2 > T1 > T
C T1 > T > T2
D
T2 > T > T1
8

Which principle is used in a Mercury thermometer?


A Principle of conservation of temperature
B Principle of conservation of energy
C Principle of thermal equilibrium
D Principle of the forces in equilibrium

Regarding to the fixed points in the Celsius scale of a


mercury thermometer , which of the following is true?
Lower fixed point Upper fixed point
A the freezing point the boiling point
of mercury
of mercury
B the boiling point
the freezing point
of mercury
of mercury
C the freezing point the boiling point
of water
of water
D the boiling point
the freezing point
of water
of water

10

The lengths of the mercury column in a thermometer at the


ice point and the steam point are 5 cm and 25 cm
respectively. When the thermometer is placed in a liquid ,
the length of the mercury column is 12 cm. What is the
temperature of the liquid?
A 30 o C B 35 o C C 55 o C D 70 o C E 85o C

11

The lengths of the mercury thread in a thermometer are 8


cm and 20 cm respectively at 0oC and 100oC. What is the
length of the thread when the thermometer is placed in a
substance at -25oC.
A 4 cm B 5 cm C 10 cm D 12 cm E 16 cm

12

The diagram shows a thermometer.

A
B
C
D

Which modification will increase the sensitivity of


the thermometer?
Using a longer capillary tube
Using a bulb with a thicker wall
Using a glass stem with a thicker wall
Using a narrower bore of capillary tube

13

Heat energy is supplied at the same rate to 0.4 kg of


substance P and 0.4 kg of substance Q in similar containers.
The temperature of substance P rises faster.
This is because the substance P
A is less dense than substance Q
B is more dense than substance Q
C evaporates less readily than substance Q
D has a smaller specific heat capacity than substance Q

14

The diagram shows solid blocks M and N of equal mass,


which are being heated. The initial temperature of M and N is
the same and heated by the same amount of energy.

The diagram shows object A and object B are of


temperatures T1 and T2. The heat flows from A to B until the
thermal equilibrium is reached at a temperature T.

19

When 0.6 kg water of 40o C is mixed with 0.4 kg water of


90o C, what is the final temperature of the mixture?
A 55o C B 60o C C 65o C D 70o C E 75o C

20

0.5 kg liquid M at 40o C is mixed with 2 kg liquid N at 25o


C. The mixture is stirred . What is the maximum temperature
reached by the mixture? ( specific heat capacity of liquid M =
8.4 x 103 J kg -1o C-1) ( specific heat capacity of liquid N =
4.2 x 103 J kg -1 o C-1 )
A 28o C B 30o C C 32.5o C D 34.5o C E 38.5o C

21

A beaker is filled with 2 kg of water at 30 o C . A plumbum


sphere of mass 1.5 kg at 90o C is placed in the beaker. The
final temperature reached by the water and the sphere are
31.5o C .What is the specific heat capacity of plumbum?
( specific heat capacity of water = 4.2 x 103 J kg -1 o C-1,
A 144 J kg -1 o C-1 B 568 J kg -1oC-1 C1425 J kg -1 o C-1
D 2070J kg-1oC-1
E 3020 J kg-1oC-1

22

A 240 V, 2 kW electric heater is immersed in 6 kg of a


liquid and switched on for 5 minutes.What is the rise in
temperature of the liquid?( specific heat capacity of the liquid
= 4.2 x 103 J kg -1 o C-1 )
A 5 o C B 10 o C C 15 o C D 18 o C
E 24 o C

23

A 800 watt kettle holds 0.5 kg of water at 30 o C. It is turned


on until the water boils. What is the time taken to boil the
water? (specific heat capacity = 4.2 x 103 J kg -1oC-1)
A 76 s B 168 s C 184 s D 340 s E 520 s

24

The diagram shows the temperature time graph of a liquid .


The liquid is heated by using a 0.4 kW heater . The mass of
the liquid is 0.2 kg .

It observed that M is hot faster than N. This observation is


due to the difference in
A density B melting point
C latent heat of fusion
D specific heat capacity
15

16

The diagrams show four types of metal block of the same


mass being heated using the same quantity of heat for 10
minutes. Which metal block shows the highest increase in
the temperature?

The diagrams represent two beakers contain liquid W and


liquid X respectively. Each liquids receiving the same heat
energy Q.

Which statement about W and X is correct?


A The specific heat capacity of W is half the
specific heat capacity X.
B The specific heat capacity of W is twice the
specific heat capacity X.
C The specific heat capacity of W is same as the specific
heat capacity X.
17

What is the energy released by a metal block of mass 5.0 kg


when it is cooled from 30o C to 20 o C. (specific heat capacity
of the metal = 500 J kg-1o C -1)
A 1.25 x 104 J B 2.5 x 104 JC
5.0 x 104 J
D 6.25 x 104 J E 8.85 x 104 J

18

3 200 J of energy is absorbed by a copper block of mass 0.1


kg when it is heated from 30o C to 110 o C. What is the
specific heat capacity of copper?
A 200 J kg-1 o C -1 B 400 J kg-1 o C-1 C 800 J kg-1 o C -1
D 1000Jkg-1oC -1 E 2000Jkg-1oC -1

What is the specific heat capacity of the liquid?


A 1000J kg -1 o C-1 B 2000 J kg -1o C-1 C 3000 J kg -1 o C-1
D 4000 J kg -1 o C-1
E 5000 J kg -1 o C-1
25 A metal block is dropped from a height of 82 m. What is
the rise in the temperature of the metal block after it hits the
ground?( specific heat capacity of the metal block = 410
J kg -1oC-1 )
A 0.5 o C B 1.0 o C C 2.0 o C D 4.0 o C E 8.0 o C
26

An Asteroid of mass 500 kg travellling in atmosphere with


a velocity 2000 m s-1 . The temperature of the Asteroid rises
by 10000oC. What is the specific heat capacity of the
Asteroid ?
A 100 J kg -1 o C-1 B 200 J kg -1oC-1 C 400 J kg -1 o C-1
D 1000Jkg -1oC-1 E 2000J kg -1o C-1

27

Which of the following is true?


Specific heat capacity of
cooking utensil
A
B
C
D

high
low
high
low

Specific heat of
the handle of the
cooking utensil
high
high
low
low

28

A substance changes from a liquid state to a solid state. This


process is called
A fusion B sublimation C vaporization
D solidification

29

A liquid naphthalene begin to solidify.Which of the following


is true?
A Temperature decreases B Temperature increases
C Heat is absorbed
D Heat is released

30

31

The latent heat is released when


A liquid changes to steam B solid changes to steam
C steam change to liquid

The specific latent heat of fusion of ice is the quantity of


energy required to
A change 1 kg of ice from ice to water with 1o C rise in
temperature
B change 1 kg of ice from water to steam without a
change in temperature
C change 1 kg of ice from water to steam with 1o C rise
in temperature
D change 1 kg of ice from ice to water without a change
in temperature

35

0.4 kg of water at 100o C. What is the quantity of heat


required to change the water to steam at 100oC? [ Specific
latent heat of vaporisation of water =2.3x106 Jkg-1 ]
A 9.2 x102 J B 9.2 x105 J C 9.2 x106 J
D 9.2 x108 J E 9.2 x1010 J

36

What is the quantity of heat released to change 0.3 kg of


water at 0o C to ice at 0o C ?[ specific latent heat of fusion
of ice = 3.3 x105 J kg -1 ]
A 9.9 x102 J B 9.9 x104 J C 9.9 x106 J
D 9.9 x108 J E 9.9 x1010 J

37

What is the quantity of heat required to change 0.02 kg of


ice at 0o C to water at 40o C ?[ specific heat capacity of
water = 4.2 x 103 J kg-1 o C-1 specific latent heat of fusion
of ice = 3.34 x105 J kg -1 ]
A 3 320 J B 3 360 J C 6 680 J D 10 040 J
E 267 200 J

38

A 2 000 W electric heater is used to change 2 kg of water at


100o C to steam. What is the time tken to change the water
to steam? [ Specific latent heat of vaporisation of water
=2.26 x106 Jkg-1 ]
A 590 s B 1540 s C 2260 s D 3280 s E 4070 s

39

A 500 W electric heater is used to heat 0.1 kg of a liquid


to its boiling point. The liquid is allowed to boil in 3 minutes
again until the mass of liquid becomes 0.06 kg. What is
the specific latent heat of vaporisation of the liquid?
A 4.75 x106J kg-1 B 3.85 x106J kg-1 C 2.25 x106J kg-1
D 1.15 x106J kg-1 E 1.45 x106J kg-1

The graph shows the cooling curve of a substance.

Which of the following is true?


A At section WX the average kinetic energy of the
substance molecules decreases
B At section XY heat is not released
C At section YZ the substance exits in the
solid and liquid states
33

34

The graph shows the heating curve of a substance.

At which stage is the substance in a solid and liquid state at


the same time?
A PQ
B QR
C RS
D ST
32

The heat absorbed during the process is called


A specific heat capacity of vapour
B specific heat capacity of liquid
C latent heat of vaporisation
D latent heat of fusion

The diagram shows a process in which water is changed to


steam.

40 A steam burn is more damaging than a burn from boiling


water at the same temperature. It is because
A the water boils and released heat to surroundings
B the steam has a higher temperature than the boiling
water
C the heat released from condensing steam.