206 views

Uploaded by Mohammed Aftab Ahmed

IITJEE 31 YEARS

- Chapter - 11_Heat and Thermodynamics
- Chapter - 14_Electrostatics
- Chapter - 12_Optics
- Work, Power and Energy
- Chapter - 15_Magnetics
- Chapter - 6_Rotation
- Work,Power and Energy
- Work Energy and Power
- Newtons Laws of Motion2 -2
- Impulse n Momentum
- Rotation Theory II
- Work Power Energy
- Rotational Motion
- Chapter - 5_Centre of Mass
- Chapter - 8_Simple Harmonic Motion
- Kinematics Theory
- Magnetism
- Chapter - 10_Waves
- Motion in One Dimension
- Newtons Laws of Motion -1

You are on page 1of 18

PROPERTIES OF MATTER

FILL IN THE BLANKS

1.

A wire of length L and cross sectional area A is made of a material of Young's modulus Y. If the wire is stretched

by an amount x, the work done is ....

(1987, 2M)

2.

A solid sphere of radius R made of a material of bulk modulus K is surrounded by a liquid in a cylindrical container.

A massless piston of area A floats on the surface of the liquid. When a mass M is placed on the piston to compress

the liquid the fractional change in the radius of the sphere, R/R, is ....

(1988, 2M)

3.

A piece of metal floats on mercury. The coefficients of volume expansion of the metal and mercury are 1 and 2

respectively. If the temperature of both mercury and the metal are increased by an amount T, the fraction of the

volume of the metal submerged in mercury changes by the factor ......

(1991, 2M)

4.

A horizontal pipeline carries water in a streamline flow. At a point along the pipe, where the cross-sectional area

is 10 cm2, the water velocity is 1ms 1 and the pressure is 2000 Pa. The pressure of water at another point where the

cross-sectional area is 5 cm2, is .... Pa. (Density of water = 103kg/m3)

(1994, 2M)

5.

A uniform rod of length L and density P is being pulled along a smooth floor with a horizontal acceleration a (see

fig.) The magnitude of the stress at the transverse cross-section passing through the mid point of the rod is ....

(1983, 1M)

L

a

Vaccum

TRUE/FALSE

1.

A barometer made of a very narrow tube (see fig) is placed at normal temperature

and pressure. The coefficient of volume expansion of mercury is 0.00018/C and

that of the tube is negligible. The temperature of mercury in the barometer is now

raised by 1C but the temperature of the atmosphere does not change. Then, the

mercury height in the tube remains unchanged.

(1983; 2M)

2.

Water in a closed tube (see fig.) is heated wih one arm vertically placed above a lamp. Water will begin to circulate

along the tube in counter-clockwise direction.

(1983; 2M)

3.

Hg

A block of ice with a lead shot embedded in it is floating on water contained in a vessel. The temperature of the

system is maintained at 0C as the ice melts. When the ice melts completely the level of water in the vessel rises.

(1986; 3M)

101

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

6.

(density = 13.6 g/cm3 ). A homogeneous sphere floats

with half of its volume immersed in mercury and the

other half in oil. The density of the material of the

sphere in g/cm3 is :

(1988; 2M)

(a) 3.3

(b) 6.4

(c) 7.2

(d) 12.8

7.

cross-sectional area A/5 is immersed such that it floats

with its axis vertical at the liquid-liquid interface with

length L/4 in the denser liquid as shown in the figure.

The lower density liquid is open to atmosphere having

pressure P0 . Then density D of solid is given by :

(1995; 2M)

1.

2.

W2 at 50C. The coefficient of cubical expansion of the

metal is less than that of the alcohol. Assuming that

the density of the metal is large compared to that of

alcohol, it can be shown that :

(1987; 2M)

(a) W1 > W2

(b) W1 = W2

(c) W1 < W2

(d) all of these

A vessel containing water is given a constant

acceleration a towards the right along a straight

horizontal path. Which of the following diagram

represents the surface of the liquid?

(1981; 2M)

(a)

(b)

2d

(c)

(a)

3.

4.

Which of these will have the largest extension when

the same tension is applied?

(1981; 3M)

(a) Length = 50 cm, diameter = 0.5 mm

(b) Length = 100 cm, diameter = 1 mm

(c) Length = 200 cm, diameter = 2 mm

(d) Length = 300 cm, diameter = 3 mm

5.

(c) 4d

zero

equal to the weight of liquid displaced

equal to the weight of the body in air

equal to the weight of the immersed portion of the

body

(b)

4

d

5

(d)

d

5

8.

an initial speed of 1.0 m/sec. The cross-sectional area

of tap is 104 m2 . Assume that the pressure is constant

throughout the stream of water and that the flow is

steady, the cross-sectional area of stream 0.15 m below

the tap is :

(1998; 2M)

(a) 5.0 104 m2

(b) 1.0 104 m2

(c) 5.0 105 m2

(d) 2.0 105 m2

9.

absolute temperature T. the isothermal bulk modulus of

the gas is :

(1998; 2M)

whole system as shown in figure falls freely under

gravity. the upthrust on the body is :

(1982;3M)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

5

d

4

(a)

2

P

3

(b) P

3

P

(d) 2P

2

10. A closed compartment containing gas is moving with

some acceleration in horizontal direction. Neglect effect

of gravity. Then, the pressure in the compartment is :

(1999; 2M)

(a) same everywhere

(b) lower in front side

(c) lower in rear side

(d) lower in upper side

(c)

with a liquid I. Another liquid II which does not mix

with liquid I is poured into one side. It is found that

the liquid levels of the two sides of the tube are the

same, while the level of liquid 1 has risen by 2 cm. If

the specific gravity of liquid I is 1.1, the specific

gravity of liquid II must be :

(1983; 1M)

(a) 1.12

(b) 1.1

(c) 1.05

(d) 1.0

11. A large open tank has two holes in the wall. One is a

102

other is a circular hole of radius R at a depth 4y from

the top. When the tank is completely filled with water,

the quantities of water flowing out per second from

both holes are the same. Then, R is equal to :

(2000; 2M)

(a) L/ 2

(c) L

(b) 2L

(d) L/ 2

the bottom of a cylinder of radius R. The volume of the

remaining cylinder is V and mass M. It is suspended

by a string in a liquid of density , where it stays

vertical. The upper surface of the cylinder is at a depth

h below the liquid surface. The force on the bottom of

the cylinder by the liquid is :

(2001; 2M)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

l increases and h decreases

both l and h increase

both l and h decrease

of length 1 m suspended from the top of a roof at one

end and with a load W connected to the other end. If

the cross sectional area of the wire is 106 m2 , calculate

the Young's modulus of the material of the wire.

(2003; 2M)

l (10 m)

4

4

3

2

1

20

40

(c) 3 1012 N/m2

h

2R

(a) Mg

(c) Mg + R2 hg

(b) Mg - Vg

(d) g (V + R2 h)

k 1 of its volume is submerged, while at the temperature

60C, a fraction k 2 is seen to be submerged. If the

coefficient of volume expansion of iron is Fe and that

of mercury is Hg , then the ratio of k 1 /k 2 can be

expressed as :

(2001; 2M)

1 + 60 Fe

(a) 1 + 60

Hg

160 Fe

(b) 1 + 60

Hg

1 + 60 Fe

(c) 160

Hg

1 + 60 Hg

(d)

60

W (N)

80

(d) 2 1013 N/m2

Pa to 1.165 105 Pa and change in volume is 10%

keeping temperature constant. The bulk modulus of

the medium is :

(2005; 2M)

(a) 204.8 105 Pa

(b) 102.4 105 Pa

(c) 51.2 105 Pa

(d) 1.55 105 Pa

17. Water is filled in a cylindrical container to a height of

3 m. The ratio of the cross-sectional area of the orifice

and the beaker is 0.1. The square of the speed of the

liquid coming out from the orifice is (g = 10 m/s 2 ) :

(2005; 2M)

3m

52.5cm

(a) 50 m2 /s 2

(c) 51 m2 /s 2

(b) 50.5 m2 /s 2

(d) 52 m2 /s 2

1 + 60 Fe

height h in a beaker of

14. A wooden block, with a coin placed on its top, floats

radius R as shown in

in water as shown in figure. The distance l and h are

the figure. The density

shown there. After some time, the coin falls into the

of water is , the

water. Then :

(2002; 2M)

Coin

surface tension of

water is T and the

l

atmospheric pressure

is P 0. Consider a

vertical section ABCD

h

of the water column

through a diameter of

the beaker. The force

103

2R

A

h

C

other side of this section has magnitude. (2007; 2M)

(a) |2 P0 Rh + R2 gh 2RT|

(b) |2 P0 Rh + Rgh 2 2RT|

(c) |P0 R2 + Rgh 2 2RT|

(d) |P0 R2 + Rgh 2 + 2RT|

2.

separating the two identical ends. Initially, the valve

is in a tightly closed position. End I has a hemispherial

soap bubble of radius r. End 2 has sub-hemispherical

soap bubble as shown in figure.

section is hinged at one end to the bottom of a tank

as shown in figure. The tank is filled with water upto

a height 0.5 m. The specific gravity of the plank is 0.5.

Find the angle that the plank makes with the vertical

in the equilibrium position. (exclude the case = 0)

(1984; 8M)

<

(2008; 3M)

(a) air from end 1 flows towards end 2. No change in

the volume of the soap bubbles

(b) air from end 1 flows towards end 2. Volume of the

soap bubble at end 1 decreases

(c) no change occurs

(d) air from end 2 flows towards end 1. Volume of the

soap bubble at end 1 increases

3.

surface. It bounces elastically from the surface and

returns to its original position in a time t1 . Next the ball

is released and it falls through the same height before

striking the surface of a liquid of density d L.

(1992; 8M)

(a) If d < d L, obtain an expression (in terms of d, t1 and

d L) for the time t2 the ball takes to come back to

the position from which it was released.

(b) Is the motion of the ball simple harmonic?

(c) If d = d L, how does the speed of the ball depend

on its depth inside the liquid? Neglect all frictional

and other dissipative forces. Assume the depth of

the liquid to be large.

4.

resting on a horizontal surface, holds two immiscible,

non-viscous and incompressible liquids of densities d

and 2d, each of height H/2 as shown in figure. The

lower density liquid is open to the atmosphere having

pressure P0 .

(1995; 5+5)

(a) A homogeneous solid cylinder of length

L (L < H/2), cross-sectional area A/5 is immersed

such that it floats with its axis vertical at the

liquid-liquid interface with length L/4 in the denser

liquid. Determine:

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

More than one options are correct?

1. The spring balance A read 2

kg with a block m suspended

from it. Balance B reads 5 kg

when a beaker with liquid is

put on the pan of the balance.

The two balances are now so

arranged that the hanging

mass is inside the liquid in the

beaker as shown in the figure.

In

this

situation :

(1985; 2M)

m

B

(b) the balance B will read more than 5 kg

(c) the balance A will read less than 2 kg and B will

read more than 5 kg

(d) the balances A and B will read 2 kg and 5 kg

respectively

H/2

d

SUBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

1.

the same level each contain a liquid of density . The

height of the liquid in one vessel is h 1 and in the other

is h 2 . The area of either base is A. What is the work

done by gravity in equalising the levels when the two

vessels are connected?

(1981; 4M)

104

H/2

2d

(b) The cylinder is removed and the original

arrangment is restored. A tiny hole of area

s (s < < A) is punched on the vertical side of the

container at a height h (h < H/2). Determine :

(i) the initial speed of efflux of the liquid at the hole,

(ii) the horizontal distance x travelled by the liquid

initially, and

(iii) the height h m at which the hole should be punched

so that the liquid travels the maximum distance xm

initially. Also calculate xm.

(Neglect the air resistance in these calculations)

5.

6.

uniform cross sectional area A has a small hole of

cross sectional area A/100 in its side wall near the

bottom. The container is kept on a smooth horizontal

floor and contains a liquid of density and mass m0 .

Assuming that the liquid starts flowing out horizontally

through the hole at t = 0. Calculate : (1997C; 5M)

(i) the acceleration of the container and

(ii) its velocity when 75% of the liquid has drained

out.

A non-viscous liquid of

constant density 1000

kg/m3 flows in streamline

motion along a tube of P

variable cross section.

The tube is kept inclined

in the vertical plane as 2m

shown in the figure.

5m

and Q at heights of 2 m and 5 m are respectively 4

103 m2 and 8 103 m2 . The velocity of the liquid at

point P is 1 m/s. Find the work done per unit volume

by the pressure and the gravity forces as the fluid

flows from point P and Q.

(1997; 5M)

7.

8.

a small metal piece of mass m (of negligible volume)

attached to its one end. Find the minimum value for the

mass m (in terms of given parameters) that would make

the stick float vertically in equilibrium in a liquid of

density (> ).

(1999; 10M)

A uniform solid cylinder of density 0.8 g/cm3 floats in

equilibrium in a combination of two non-mixing liquids

A and B with its axis vertical. The densities of the

liquids A and B are 0.7 g/cm3 and 1.2 g/cm3 , respectively.

The height of liquid A is h A = 1.2 cm. The length of the

part of the cylinder immersed in liquid B is h B = 0.8 cm.

(2002; 5M)

Air

hA

hB

cylinder.

(b) Find h, the length of the part of the cylinder in air.

(c) The cylinder is depressed in such a way that its

top surface is just below the upper surface of

liquid A and is then released. Find the acceleration

of the cylinder immediately after it is released.

9.

narrow tube of radius b. Air (density ) moves with a

velocity v inside the tube and comes to rest inside the

bubble. The surface tension of the soap solution is T.

After sometimes the bubble, having grown to radius R

separates from the tube. Find the value of R. Assume

that R > > b so, that you can consider the air to

be falling normally on the bubble's surface.

(2003; 4M)

10. A liquid of density 900

0.9m

kg/m3 is filled in a

cylindrical tank of upper

radius 0.9 m and lower

radius 0.3 m. A capillary

tube of length l is attached

at the bottom of the tank H

as shown in the figure.

The capillary has outer

radius 0.002 m and inner

radius a. When pressure

P is applied at the top of

0.3m

the tank, volume flow rate

l

detached, the liquid comes out from the tank with a

velocity 10 m/s. Determine the coefficient of viscosity

of the liquid.

(2003; 4M)

[Given ; a 2 = 106 m2 and a 2 /l =2 106 m]

11. A container of width 2a is

filled with a liquid. A thin

wire of mass per unit length

is gently placed over the

liquid surface in the middle of

the surface as shown in the

figure. As a result, the liquid

surface is depressed by a

105

2a

the liquid.

(2004; 2M)

12. A small sphere falls from rest in a viscous liquid. Due

to friction, heat is produced. Find the relation between

the rate of production of heat and the radius of the

sphere at terminal velocity.

(2004; 2M)

COMPREHENSION

water located at a height of 1.25 m above the ground.

The diameter of the plunger is 8 mm and the diameter

of the nozzle is 2 mm. The plunger is pushed with a

constant speed of 0.25 m/s. Find the horizontal range

of water stream on the ground.

(Take g = 10m/s 2 ).

(2004; 2M)

D = 8 mm

of the orifice.

[Take atmospheric pressure = 1.0 105 N/m2, density

of water = 1000 kg/m3 and g = 10 m/s 2. Neglect any

effect of surface tension.]

[2008]

Passage

A wooden cylinder of diameter 4r, height h and density

/3 is kept on a hole of diameter 2r of a tank, filled with

liquid of density as shown in the figure. The height of

the base of cylinder from the base of tank is H.

1. Now level of the liquid starts decreasing slowly when

the level of liquid is at a height h 1 above the cylinder

the block just starts moving up. At what value of h 1 ,

will the block rise :

(2006; 5M)

D = 2 mm

h1

/3

1.25m

2r

is rotated about the line as shown in the figure. Find

the difference in the levels of liquid column.

(2005; 2M)

(a) 4h/9

(c)

2.

5h

3

(b) 5h/9

(d) remains same

position by external means and the level of liquid is

lowered. The height h 2 when this external force reduces

to zero is :

(2006; 5M)

/3

chamber where the air is maintained at pressure

8 N/m2. The radii of bubbles A and B are 2 cm and 4

cm, respectively. Surface tension of the soap-water

used to make bubbles is 0.04 N/m. Find the ratio nB/

n A, where nA and n B are the number of moles of air in

bubbles A and B, respectively. [Neglect the effect of

gravity.]

[2008]

16. A cylindrical vessel of height 500 mm has an orifice

(small hole) at its bottom. The orifice is initially closed

and water is filled in it up to height H. Now the top is

completely sealed with a cap and the orifice at the

bottom is opened. Some water comes out from the

orifice and the water level in the vessel becomes

steady with height of water column being 200 mm. Find

(a)

4h

9

3.

(b)

5h

9

(d)

2h

3

h2

(2006; 5M)

(a) cylinder will not up and remains at its original

position

(b) for h 2 = h/3, cylinder again starts moving up

(c) for h 2 = h/4, cylinder again starts moving up

(d) for h 2 = h/5 cylinder again starts moving up

Passage

106

3

Assume that the bubble does not exchange any heat with

the liquid. The bubble contains n moles of gas. The

temperature of the gas when the bubble is at the bottom

isT0 , the height of the liquid is H and the atmospheric

pressure is p 0 (Neglect surface tension)

p0

6.

(Assume R is the universal gas constant)

(2008; 4M)

(a) l nRgT0

Liquid

(b)

l nRgT0

2/5

( p0 + l gH ) [ p0 + l g( H

H

y

4.

5.

(c) l nRgT0

force the following forces are acting on it

(2008; 4M)

(a) Only the force of gravity

(b) The force due to gravity and the force due to the

pressure of the liquid

(c) The force due to gravity, the force due to the

pressure of hte luiquid and the force due to

viscosity of the liquid

(d) The force due to gravity and the force due to

viscosity of the liquid

(d)

2 /5

p0 +l g(H y)

(b) T0

p0 +l gH

p0 + l gH

(c) T0

p0 + l gy

3/ 5

p0 +l g(H y)

(d) T0

p0 +l gH

y)] 3/ 5

( p0 + l gH ) 3/ 5

( p0 + l gy )8 / 5

l nRgT0

( p0 + l gH ) 3/ 5[ p0 + l g ( H y )] 2/ 5

1.

its temperature is

(2008; 4M)

p0 + l gH

(a) T0

p0 + l gy

( p0 + l gH ) 2 / 5

( p0 + l gy) 7/ 5

2/5

3/ 5

107

statement-II (reasons).

Statement-I : The stream of water flowing at high

speed from a garden hose pipe tends to spread like a

fountain when held vertically up, but tends to narrow

down when held vertically down.

(2008; 3M)

Because :

Statement-II : In any steady flow of an incompressible

fluid, the volume flow rate of the fluid remains constant.

(a) Statement-I is true, statement -II is true, statementII is a correct explanation for statement-I

(b) statement-I is true, statement-II is true; statementII is NOT a correct explanation for statement-I

(c) statement-I is true, statement-II is false.

(d) statement-I is false, statement-II is true.

*1. Column II shows five systems in whcih two objects are labelled as X and Y. Also in each case a point P is shwon.

Column I gives some statements about X and/or Y. Match these statements to the appropriate system(s) from

Column II.

Column - I

Column - II

Y

(A) The force exerted

(p)

Block Y of mass M left on a fixed inclined plane X, slides,

X

by X on Y has

on it with a constant velocity.

P

magnitude Mg.

(B) The gravitational

potential energy

innermost

continuously

increasing.

(q)

frictionless vertical plastic stand so that they repel each

other. Y rests on the base X and Z hangs in air in

equilibrium. P is the topmost point of the stand on the

common axis of the two rings. The whole system is in a

lift that is going up with a constant velocity.

P

Z

Y

X

(C) Mechanical

energy of the

system X + Y

is continuously

decreasing.

(r)

the weight of Y

about point P

(s)

X. A block of mass M hangs from a string that goes over

the pulley and is fixed at point P of the table. The whole

system is kept in a lift that is going down with a constant

velocity.

Y

X

kept in a container at rest. The sphere is released and it

moves down in the liquid.

Y

X

P

(t)

in a viscous liquid X kept in a container.

Y

X

P

ANSWERS

FILL IN THE BLANKS

1.

1 YA 2

x

2 L

2.

Mg

3 AK

3.

( ?1 ? 2 )T

4. 500

1 + ?1T

5.

L

2

TRUE/FALSE

1. F

2. F

3.

1. (c)

8. (c)

15. (a)

2. (c)

9. (b)

16. (d)

3. (a)

10. (b)

17. (a)

4. (a)

11. (a)

18. (b)

5. (b)

12. (d)

19. (b)

1. (b, c)

SUBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

1.

Ag

( h1 h2 )2

r

2.45

3.

t1 dL

(a) d d (b) no (c) remains same

L

108

6. (c)

13. (a)

7. (a)

14. (d)

5d

dg (6 H + L )

(ii) P = P = P0 +

(b) (i)

4

4

4. (i)

5. (i)

gm0

2 A

g

(ii)

50

7. R2 L

6.

(3H 4h )

g

(ii)

2

4T

8. (a) zero (b) 0.25 cm (c) g/6

a

11. 2 y

12.

dQ 5

r

dt

3H 3

; H

8 4

9.

14. H =

13. 2m

10.

1

Ns/m2

720

2 L2

2g

COMPREHENSION

1. (c)

2.(a)

3.(a)

1. (a)

1. (A) - (p), (t); (B) - (q), (s), (t); (C) - (p), (r), (t); (D) - (q).

SOLUTIONS

V 1g = Vi 2g ( 1 = density of metal, 2 = density of

mercury)

1.

W=

1 2

Kx

2

Here, K =

YA

L

1 YA 2

x

2 L

W=

P =

2.

V

V

= x (say)

Now, when the temperature is increased by T.

1

2

1 = 1 + T and 2 = 1 + T

1

2

Mg

A

=

P Mg

=

K

AK

R

R

3.

1 1 + 2 T 1 1 + 2 T

x'=

2

1 + 1T

2 1 + 1 T

x 1+ 2T

x

1 + 2 T

=

1 =1

x 1+ 1T

x

1 + 1T

4 3

Now as, V = R or V R3

3

V

R 1 V

R

= 3

or R = 3 V

V

R

1

Vi

=

V

2

=

...(1)

4.

Mg

3 AK

A1v1 = A2v2

Weight = Upthrust

( ?1 ? 2 ) T

(1 + ?1T )

10

A

v2 = 1 v1 = (1) = 2 m/s

5

A2

109

displace the water equal to volume of lead itself. So,

volume of water displaced in this case would be,

V2 =

v2

v1

m

l

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS (ONLY ONE OPTION)

1

1

P1 + ?v12 = P2 + ? v22

2

2

5.

1

2

2

P2 = P1 + v1 v2

2

1.

' '

F' = VS L g

3

= 2000 + 10 (14)

2

P2 = 500 Pa

L/2

2.

T

T = ma =

(1+ S )

F ' VS' 'L

=

.

= (1+ )

F VS L

L

FBD of rod at mid-point

Upthrust

F = VS Lg

Here, VS = volume of solid, L = density of liquid

At higher temperature

L

A

2

Since,

S < L

F < F

or

W2 > W1

(given)

(from accelerated frame) should be perpendicular to it.

Forces on a water particle P on the free surface have

been shown in the figure. In the figure, ma is the

pseudo force.

1

LA a

2

ma

T 1

Stress = = aL

A 2

Fnet

90 F

mg

TRUE/FALSE

1.

g will not change. So, h = constant. On increasing

l =

3.

Hence, level of mercury in barometer tube will increase.

2.

3.

decrease, hence the water will rise up or it will circulate

in clockwise direction.

When ice melts, level of water does not change. In

case of lead, it was initially floating i.e., it would had

displaced the water equal to the weight of lead. So,

volume of water displaced would be,

V1 =

or

Now,

4.

m

(m = mass of lead)

w

110

Fl

Fl

=

AY d 2

Y

4

(l)

l

d2

l

d2

is maximum in (a).

= Vi L g eff

(Vi = immersed volume, L = density of liquid)

Upthrust = 0

5.

P1 = P2

A1

v1

v2 =

A2

...(2)

A12

h

1

.v 2

2 1

A2

or

P0 + 1 gh = P0 + II gh

1 = II

6.

A2 =

7.

9.

0.8 13.6

+

= 7.2 g/cm3

2

2

d

D

v12 + 2gh

(104 m2 )(10m/ s)

A2

1.0m / s 2) + 2(10)(0.15)

2

v2

or

dV

P

dV = V

dP

dP

Bulk modulus, B =

=

V

dV / V

dV

P

B = V = P

V

B = P

Note : Adiabatic bulk modulus is given by B = P

2d

Weight of cylinder = Upthrust due to upper liquid +

upthrust due to lower liquid

(A/5) (L) Dg =(A/5) (3L/4) (d) g + (A/5) (L/4) (2d) (g)

10. If a fluid (gas of liquid) is accelerated in positive xdirection, then pressure decrease in positive x-direction.

Change in pressure has following differential equation.

y

3

1

D = d + (2d )

4

4

D=

8.

A1v1

In isothermal process

PV = constant

PdV + VdP = 0

3L/4

L/4

A 2 = 5.0 105m2

V

V

or V g = oil g + Hg g

2

2

or = oil +

2

2

A2 ==

A1

A12 v12

v12 + 2gh

Applying the condition of floatation,

Weight = Upthrust

Hg

A22 =

v1

= v12 + 2gh

5

d

4

dP

= a

dx

...(1)

v22 = v12 + 2gh

[can also be found by applying Bernoulli's theorem

between 1 and 2]

From continuity equation

A1v1 = A2v2

is lower in front side.

11. Velocity of efflux at a depth h is given by v = 2 gh

111

holes are equal.

a 1v1 = a 2v2

or

2g ( y) = R

(L2)

or

R=

12.

2 g (4 y )

h

L

2

F2 F1 = upthrust

F2 = F1 + upthrust

F2 = gh (R2) + Vg

F2 = g (V + R2h)

or

13. FB = mg

1 2

1

v1 = P0 + 0 + v22

2

2

Solving Eqs. (1) and (2), we have

P0 + gh +

Vi d L g = Vd S g

d

V

V d

k1 = i

= s , k 2 = i = s

V 0C d L 0C

V d L 60C

ds

dL

v22 =

1+ L T

1 + T

s

A2

1 2

A12

2 10 2.475 = 50m2/s 2

v22 =

1(0.1) 2

decrease because the coin will displace the volume of

water (V1) equal to its own volume when it is in the

water whereas when it is on the block it will displace

the volume of water (V2) whose weight is equal to

weight of coin and since density of coin is greater than

the density of water, V1 < V2.

18. Force from right hand side liquid on left hand side

liquid.

(i) Due to surface tension force

= 2RT (towards right)

(ii) Due to liquid pressure force

x= h

Wl

Al

W l

=

l A

( P0 + gh)(2R.x )d x

x =0

Net force is |2P0Rh+ Rgh 2 2RT|

4T

4T

19. p1 = r and p2 = r

1

2

1 l

=

= 2 1011 N/m2

slope A

r1 <r2,

B=

dP

( dV / V )

at end-1 will decrease.

Therefore correct option is (b).

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS (MORE THAN ONE OPTION)

1.

(1.1651.01) 105

Pa = 1.55 105Pa

(10/100)

A1v1 = A2v2

...(1)

Further applying Bernoulli's equation at these two

points, we have

p1 > p2

B =

2 gh

k2 1 + 60 Hg

=

k1 1 + 60 Fe

15. Y =

...(2)

be exerted (from Newton's third law) on the liquid.

Hence A will read less than 2 kg and B more than 5 kg.

Therefore, the correct options are (b) and (c).

SUBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

1.

112

Equating the volumes, we have

or time of fall =

liquid is

h

h

h1

Ah1 + Ah2

t1

v= g

2

Retardation inside the liquid

=2Ah

a=

h1 + h2

h=

2

Work done by gravity = Ui Uf

h +h

+

[ Ah1 + Ah2 ] g 1 2

2

2

4

Simplifying this, we get

t=

W = Weight.

(i) Weight which will act at centre of plank.

dt1

= t1 + d d

L

d

= t1 1 +

dL d

0.5m

t1 dL

t2 = d d

L

(b) The motion of the ball is periodic but not simple

harmonic because the acceleration of he ball is g in air

or

portion.

Taking moments of all forces about point O. Moment

of hinge force will be zero.

dL d

and

g inside the liquid which is not

d

proportional to the displacement, which is necessary

and sufficient condition for SHM.

(c) When d L = d, retardation or acceleration inside the

liquid becomes zero (upthrust = weight). Therefore, the

all will continue to move wih constant velocity v = gt 1 /

2 inside the liquid.

0.5sec

sin

2

l

2

or

3.

cos 2 =

cos =

(0.5) 2 (1)

(l 2 )()

v gt1

gt1

dt1

=

=

=

a 2a

d d

2( dL d )

2 L

g

d

surface. Therefore,

(a) t2 = time the ball takes to came back to the position

from where it was released

= t1 + 2t

Ag

( h1 h2 )2

W=

4

upthrustweight

mass

Vd L g Vdg d L d

=

g (V=Volume of ball) ...(2)

Vd

d

Time taken to come to rest under this retardation will

be

...(2)

h

h

h

W = m1 g 1 + m2 g 2 ( m1 + m2 ) g

2

2

2

2.

t1

2

(0.5) 2 1

= (As l = 1m)

(0.5) 2

4.

1

2

= 45

Weight of cylinder = upthrust due to upper liquid +

upthrust due to lower liquid

Note that h 1 and h 2

is reversed but its magnitude remains the same.

Therefore time of fall = time of rise.

113

H

2

A

A 3L

A L

( L )D .g =

( d ) g + 5 4 (2d )( g)

5

5 4

3

1

D = d + (2d )

4

4

5

d

4

(ii) Considering vertical equilibrium of two liquids and the

cylinder.

Total pressure at the bottom of the cylinder =

Atmospheric pressure + Pressure due to liquid of

density d + Pressure due to liquid of density 2d +

Pressure due to cylinder

D=

3H

3H

xm =

3H 4

3

H

4

(i) Mass of water = (Volume)(density)

xm =

5.

A

5d

L

g

H

H

5

4

= P0 + dg + 2dg +

2

2

A

dg (6 H + L )

4

(b) (i) Applying Bernoulli's theorem at 1 and 2

or

P = P0 +

H

A/100

V

H

H

1

P0 + dg + 2dg h = P0 + (2d )v2

2

2

2

Here, v is velocity of efflux at 2.

Solving this, we get

H/2

m0 = (AH)

H=

P

1

Hh

2

g

2

(ii) Time taken o reach the liquid to the bottom will be

v = (3H 4h )

F=

g 2h

3H 4h )

2 g

or

1

2 h(3H 4h )

2m0 g

A

m0 g

50

a = g/50

(ii) Velocity of efflux when 75% liquid has been drained

out i.e., height of liquid.

h=

dx

= 0

dh

or

h2

2m0 g

F = (A/100)V2 = (A/100)

t = 2h / g

Horizontal distance x travelled by the liquid is

x = h(3H 4h)

...(1)

liquid from the bottom is given by.

F = aV2

x = vt =

m0

A

m

Velocity of efflux, V = 2 gH = 2 g 0

A

3H

8

H

m

= 0

4 4 A

V = 2gh

(3H 8h ) = 0

m

= 2g 0

4 A

3H

h=

8

114

h=

H

4

V

V =

6.

m0 g

2 A

F

L

h 1 = 2m, h 2 = 5m

v1 = 1 m/s and = 103 kg/m3

From continuity equaion, we have

L/2

l/2

YCM

(M + m)g

(2)

G = CM of rod

B = Centre of buoyant force (F)

C = CM of (rod + mass (m))

YCM = Distance of C from bottom of the rod

4 10 3

v2 =

(1m/s)

8 103

v2 =

(1)

A

A1 v1 = A2 v2 or v2 = 1 v1

A2

or

G

B

C

1

m/s

2

A2

v2

A1

BB

GC

v1

2

h2

h1 1

(M + m)g

(3)

P1 +

1 2

1

v1 + gh1 = P2 + v22 + gh2

2

2

1

2

2

or P1 P2 = g (h2 h1 ) + v2 v1

...(2)

2

(i) Work done per unit volume by the pressure as the

fluid flows from P to Q.

W1 = P1 P2

1

= g (h2 h1 ) + ( v22 v12 ) [From eq. (1)]

2

1

= g (h2 h1 ) + ( v22 v12 ) J/m3

2

= [29400 375) J/m3

= 29025 J/m3

(ii) Work done per unit volume by the gravity as fluid

flows from P to Q.

W2 = g (h 2 h 1 ) = {(103 ) (9.8) (5 2)}Jm3

or

W2 = 29400 J/m3

7.

R2

otherwise B will be below G and C will be above G and

the torque of the couple of two equal and opposite

forces F and (M + m)g will be counter clockwise and

displacing the rod leftwards. Therefore, the rod cannot

be in rotational equilibrium. See the figure (3).

Now, refer figures (1) and (2).

For vertical equilibrium

Mg + mg = F (upthrust)

or (R2 L)g + mg = (R2 l) g

R 2 L + m

l =

2

R

Position of CM (of rod + m) from bottom

...(1)

)

)

L

L

r 2 L

2

2

=

YCM =

...(2)

2

M +m

R L + m

M.

l

from the

2

bottom

We can see from figure (2) that for rotational equilibrium

of the rod, B should either lie above C or at the same

level of B.

115

or,

2R 2

force due to striking air at B is equal to the force due

to excess pressure.

L

2

2

( R L) + m

( R 2 L)

Tdl

B

r

m R2 L ( )

or

8.

R2 L + m

m + R2 L R2 L

or

9.

1

YCM

2

Therefore,

Minimum value of m is R2 L ( ) .

b

R

(A = Area of bubble at B where air strikes)

radial and symmetric.

So the force due to this pressure cancels out and net

value is zero.

Air

Av 2 = 2T cos 2 b,

4T

Av 2 =

A

R

4T

R = 2

v

cos =

hA

P + P0 +

hB

1 2

1

v1 + gH = v22 + P0

2

2

P + gH =

1

(v22 v12 )

2

Av

A1v1 = A2v2 or v1 = 2 2

A1

(b) In equilibrium :

Weight of cylinder = Net upthrust on the cylinder

Let s be the area of cross-section of the cylinder, then

weight = (s) (h + h A + h B ) cylinderg

upthrust on the cylinder = upthrust due to liquid

A + upthrust due to liquid B

= sh A A g + sh B B g

Equating these two

1

2 A2

P + gH = 2 v2 A v2

s (h + h A + h B ) cylinderg = sh A? A g + sh B ? B g

or (h + h A + h B ) cylinder = hA A + hB B

Substituting,

h A = 1.02cm, h B = 0.8 cm and A = 0.7 g/cm3

B = 1.02 g/cm3 and cylinder = 0.8 g/cm3

In the above equation, we get

h = 0.25 cm

(c) Net acceleration a =

FB Mg

M

hA? A + ? B ( h + hB ) ( h + hA + hB ) ? cylinder

=

g

? cylinder( h + hA + hB )

a=

g

(upwards)

6

1

(0.3) 2

2

v2 1

(0.9) 2

2

1

1

(10)2 1

2

81

4 103

81

4 103 900

81

4

105 N/m2

9

This is also the excess pressure P.

By Poiseuille's equation, the rate of flow of liquid in

the capillary tube

=

Q=

116

( P) a 4

8l

( a 2 )( P ) a 2

6

8 10 =

l

8

...(1)

4

4

Here, v is the velocity of water with which water comes

out of the syringe (Horizontally).

Solving Eq. (1), we get

v = 4m/s

The path of water after leaving the syringe will be

parabola. Substituting proper values in equation of

trajectory.

8 8 10 6

( a2 )( p ) al

(10 6 ) 103 2 10 6

9

=

8 8 106

=

h=

1

Ns/m2

720

2 1.25

= 2m

10

(x = horizontal range)

x = vt = 4

dF = (dm) x 2

(dP)A = (Adx). x 2

or

dP = 2 x.dx

= mg/l

T= surface tension

P2

P1 dP =

2 xdx

P2 P1=

2 L2

2

2Tlcos = mg

...(1)

For

y << a, cos =

2h

g

we have,

1 2

gt t =

2

y

a

T=

ag

2y

dx

2r 2 g

(s L )

9

gH =

H=

dQ

= FvT = ( 6rv ) (v ) = 6 rv 2

T

T

T

dt

2 r 2 g

= 6p?r

(? s ? L )

9 ?

or

8g 2

( s L )2 r 5

27

2L2

2

2 L2

2g

4S

4 0. 04 100

15. For bubble A, PA = P0 + R = 8 +

2

A

= 16 N/m2

4S

4 0. 04 100

For bubble B, PB = P0 + R = 8 +

4

B

dQ

r5

dt

= 12 N/m2

117

4 3

pR B

nB

12 64

3

=

=

=6

nA P 4 pR 3

16 8

A

A

3

( P0 ) 4r 2 +

PB

h2 =

16. P + ? gh = P0

P + 1000 10

4r 2 hg = P0r 2 + ( P0 + gh2 )3 r 2

3

200

= 10 5

1000

3.

For h 2 <

4h

9

4h

buoyant force will further decrease.

9

2

P = 10 5 2000 = 9.8 10 4 N/m

PV f = P0V i

500 mm

4.

(d)

5.

= constant

T0 . (P0 + l gH )2 / 5 = T . [ P0 + l g (H y )]2 / 5

H

200 mm

9.8 10 4 A

P0 + l gH

T = T0

P0 + l g (H y )

(b)

300

( 500 H )

= 10 10 4 A

1000

1000

H = 206 mm

Height fallen = 206 - 200 = 6 mm

V=

6.

COMPREHENSION

( P0+ gh)4

r

1

V=

P0r

(P+

r

0 g(h+h))3

1

2

4r hg

3

1.

4 r 2 hg = P0 r 2 + ( P0 + g ( h1 + h))3r 2

3

5

h

3

Again equating the forces, we get

h1 =

P0 4 r

P0r

(P+

r

0 gh)3

2

nRT 0

P0 + l g (H y )

[P0 + l g (H y )] P0 + l gH

lnRgT0

2 /5

P0 + l g

(P0 + l gH ) [

(H y )]3 / 5

(b)

or

2

4r hg

3

118

1

v

correct option is (a)

A

2/5

nRT

P

forces we get

( P0 + gh1 ) 4r 2 +

P + l g (H y )

= T0 0

P0 + l gH

Buoyant force

= l gV =

1.

2 / 5

2/5

- Chapter - 11_Heat and ThermodynamicsUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Chapter - 14_ElectrostaticsUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Chapter - 12_OpticsUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Work, Power and EnergyUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Chapter - 15_MagneticsUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Chapter - 6_RotationUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Work,Power and EnergyUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Work Energy and PowerUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Newtons Laws of Motion2 -2Uploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Impulse n MomentumUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Rotation Theory IIUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Work Power EnergyUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Rotational MotionUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Chapter - 5_Centre of MassUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Chapter - 8_Simple Harmonic MotionUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Kinematics TheoryUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- MagnetismUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Chapter - 10_WavesUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Motion in One DimensionUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Newtons Laws of Motion -1Uploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Motion in Two DimensionUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Chapter - 7_GravitationUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Transition Elements IItjeeUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Vectors Imp PointsUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Newtons Laws of Motion2 -1Uploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Laws of MotionUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Optics 27 YearsUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Rotation Theory iUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Chapter - 1_General PhysicsUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Modern Physics for IITJEEUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed

- DPPRigid BodyUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- 2. Slidewise Fundamentals of Radioactivity (B) 635610655961530298Uploaded byHrithik Goyal
- 3 Nuclear Radioactivity PDF NotesUploaded byFatin Izianti
- PG Notes on Semiconductors (Part-3)Uploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Newtons Laws of Motion2 -2Uploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Impulse n MomentumUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- PG Notes on Semiconductors (Part-2)Uploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- PG Notes on Semiconductors (Part-1)Uploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- DPP KinematicsUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Question Bank ( S.C )Uploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- JMFT-4_A_ SolUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- JMFT-2_SolUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- DPP_Solids & FluidsUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Work Energy and PowerUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- JMFT-4_A_Uploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- jm ft 2Uploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Newtons Laws of Motion2 -1Uploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- JEE MAIN_CPT - IUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- PT-1_JEE Adv solUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- PT-1_JEE AdvUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- DPP_NLM-IUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- DPP_NLM-IIUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Paper - i (Question Paper)Uploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- DPP_Impulse & MomentumUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- DPP_WPEUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- DPP_01 to 04Uploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- DPP_5 to 8Uploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Rotation Theory IIUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Newtons Laws of Motion -1Uploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Rotation Theory iUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed

- Polymer-Science.pdfUploaded byKapilSahu
- 2002-4.4 Modeling of Porosity Formation and Feeding Flow in Steel CastingUploaded byvasea
- abduction5.pdfUploaded byHector
- Advanced Enzymology ExercicesUploaded byNaomiKerryaThompson
- Dummy Tables FilledUploaded byNaj Retxed Dargup
- Steel ConnectionsUploaded byAnonymous ISn9FrY
- D1795-2Uploaded byMiguel Ángel Martínez
- 1570 (Part II Sec I) Revised - Wrought Steeks for PlatesUploaded byKaushik Sengupta
- Atomic Theory of Quantum MechanicsUploaded byUkhti Nabesan
- Lecture NotesUploaded byAmit A
- CH05Uploaded byDaniyal
- Multibody for Modelica softUploaded byJohn Bruzzo
- BFV Tech DocUploaded byfakharkhilji
- r05312103 Aerodynamics IIUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Automated Marine Propeller Design Combining Hydrodynamics Models and Neural Networks (Calcagni).pdfUploaded byCláudio Tavares
- Emerson-Naturalistic-Photography.pdfUploaded byarmillabrava
- H.O. No. 211 (Ageton)Uploaded byterrace306
- NitrationUploaded byM Fahad Shahid Ali
- modul kimia tingkatan 4Uploaded bydaisy
- Hall EffectUploaded bymeenakshi sonth
- AWS - CWI Model Question Foundamental - Part 2Uploaded bydhasdj
- Adiabatic Diesel Pre-reformingUploaded byReza Rhi
- Science IiiiiiiiiiiUploaded bySean Cezar
- n 12 Electrical ExperimenterUploaded byrobasi
- VLAEROUploaded byRidwan Fadlika
- Guide to Rapid Form 1Uploaded byDamith Buddhika Sri Wimalarathna
- September 2007 Geo-Heat Center Quarterly BulletinUploaded byGeo-Heat Center Quarterly Bulletin
- IodineUploaded byJustUandMe
- Micro GravityUploaded byPrafull Dewangan
- Hw4 MachineUploaded bySaied Aly Salamah