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TA-202A Project

Platform Jack
Project Report 2013-14 (Second Semester)
April 11, 2014
Under the enlightening guidance of
Dr. V.K.Jain
at

Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur

Group Number : 27

Project Guide : Mr. Anil Kumar Jha


Name

Roll Number

Section

Rishabh Sahu

13575

D12

Akshay Chaturvedi

13071

D12

Aditya Sinha

13047

D12

Himanshu Rathee

13308

D12

Piyush Prashant

13476

D12

Vaibhav Yadav

13763

D12

Nilesh Sharma

13441

D12

Contents
1. Acknowledgement
2. Certificate
3. Overview
4. Functionality
5. Isometric Drawing
6. Bill of Material
7. Parts Drawing and Calculations
8. Cost Analysis
9. Future Modifications and Uses
10.Log Sheets

Acknowledgement

We are greatly indebted to our Project Guide Mr. Anil Kumar Jha
for his continued support over the course of this Project. We
would like to express our gratitude to the T.A.s in the Lab for all
the help they enthusiastically extended to us.
Without their moral support and inspiration we would not have
been able to complete this task. At this juncture, we would like to
thank our Instructor-in-charge , Dr. V.K. Jain, for providing us an
excellent opportunity to experience real-world engineering.
Lastly, we would like to thank everyone in TA Lab who helped us
at any point while doing our project .

Certificate

This is to certify that the TA202A Mechanical Lab Project,


Platform Jack, is a complete and genuine work of Rishabh Sahu,
Akshay Chaturvedi, Aditya Sinha, Nilesh Sharma, Himanshu Rathee,
Vaibhav Yadav and Piyush Prashant.
The Project's idea is original and does not constitute to any sort of
plagiarism arising from previous works in TA202A Lab or any other
sources thereof.

Overview

Platform Jack is a very useful machine to lift very heavy objects using
small force. It consists of a handle which rotates a worm. The worm in
turn rotates the worm-wheel which is connected to a driving spur gear.
This spur gear rotates four other driven spur gears which have threading
on the inner side. The spur gears by their threading convert the rotational
motion to the lifting action which lifts the base plate.
The lifting force is very high in comparison to the force applied on the
handle due to added mechanical advantages of various components of
machine.

Functionality
Platform Jack is mainly designed to lift very heavy objects by just using
force of hand. It is designed in a way such that in process of converting
the rotational force given by hand to the lifting force for top plate, it adds
the mechanical advantage of various simple machines used.

Step:1

Worm and Worm-Wheel

The ratio between worm and worm-wheel is 20:1. Hence, for


20 rotations of worm (or handle), the worm-wheel rotates once.

Step:2

Spur Gears

As worm-wheel and driving spur gear are connected, there is


no change in force. Driving spur gear(with 60 teeth) rotates 4 driven
spur gear(with 20 teeth). So, for every rotation of driving spur gear
the driven spur gear rotates 3 times.
[Here, we deliberately decided to lose some mechanical
advantage because machine was starting to seem as really slow.]
Step:3

Screw Mechanism

Mechanical advantage of screw is added here. For every


rotation of driven spur gear, the screw translates by 2mm.

Future Modification and Uses


Platform Jack can be very useful in industries and places like construction
sites for lifting heavy objects as it provides a very large mechanical
advantage. Doing very minor changes will change this from just lifting
using a platform to lifting using cable without affecting its mechanical
advantage. It can also serve as a replacement for Hydraulic Jacks in places
where low maintenance is a priority.

Considering its future modification, one aspect, which is the strength, is


at top priority. The machine should be able to withstand the weight it is
required to lift smoothly. Another modification which will increase the
flexibility of machine can be the changeable radius of the handle. As the
mechanical advantage depends upon the radius of handle, it can be
changed by changing the latter giving the machine added flexibility over
relationship between speed and mechanical advantage.

Calculation of overall Mechanical Advantage-

Let the radius of handle be R.


To lift a load by 2mm (Output=2mm),
Handle has to be rotated 20/3 times.
Hence, Input= (2XXR)x20/3

Mechanical advantage = Input (in distance) /Output (in distance)


=(2XXR)x20/3 (in mm) /2
= 20xXR/3(in mm)

Cost Analysis
Material

Cost/Kg

Volume/Qty

Total Cost

Mild Steel Rod

75/kg

7.3 kg

547

Mild Steel Angle

50/kg

0.2 kg

10

Mild Steel Plate

65/kg

1.6 kg

108

Nuts And Bolts

85/kg

0.2 kg

17

Machine/Labor

Cost Per Unit

Lathe

250 per hour

10 hrs

2500

Milling

350 per hour

5 hrs

1750

Drilling

100 per hour

2 hrs

200

Unskilled
Skilled

All costs are in Indian Rupees.

250 per day


(8 hrs)
350 per day
(8 hrs)

Working
Time

21 7
21

Total Cost

4594
920

Total Cost : Rs. 10646

Bill of Materials
Part
Number

Part Name

Quantity

Material
Required

Cost

Worm

16.9

Worm-Wheel

MS Rod 25x27

Driven Spur
Gear

MS Rod36x12

62.5

Driving Spur
Gear

MS Rod100x12

119.8

M16 Rod

MS Rod16x160

163.2

V-Plate

MS Sheet

8.3

V-Support
Block

MS Rod12.7x12

7.6

L-Support

MS Angle

10.6

Top Plate

MS
sheet5mm150x150

30.9

10

Base Plate

MS
sheet5mm150x150

55.2

11

Pin

MSRod12.7x65

10.2

12

Legs

MS Rod20x100

159.3

10.5

WORM
Outside Diameter of Worm= 22mm
Pitch of Single Start Worm=4.7mm
Depth of worm Tooth=0.6866*pitch=3.2270mm

All dimensions in mm.


Part Number
1

Part Name

Worm

Quantity

Material Req
MS Rod
25x27

-RishabhSahu

WORM GEAR
Diameter of wheel over sharp edges= 2r(1-cos /2)+D o =64.135mm
Throat Diameter of Wheel=D+2a= 62.8342mm
Ratio of Worm and Worm Wheel=20:1
Face width of Wheel= 2.38xPitch+6.35=17.35mm
Helix Angle of Worm=tan w =d/Lead=12.6988
w =85.49o
Gashing angle of Worm Wheel=90- w =4o31
All dimensions in mm.
Part Number
2

Part Name

Worm Gear

Quantity

Material Req

-Rishabh Sahu

DRIVEN SPUR GEAR


Module=1.5
Number Of Teeth= 20
Addendum = Module =1.5
Dedendum = 1.157 Module= 1.7355mm
Working Depth = 2 Module =3mm
Whole Depth = 2.157 Module =3.2355mm
Outside Diameter = Module (Teeth + 2) =33mm
Part Number
3

Part Name
Driven spur
Gear
All dimensions in mm.

Quantity
4

Description
MS Rod
36x12
-Aditya Sinha

DRIVING SPUR GEAR


Module=1.5
Number Of Teeth= 60
Addendum = Module =1.5
Dedendum = 1.157 Module= 1.7355mm
Working Depth = 2 Module =3mm
Whole Depth = 2.157 Module =3.2355mm
Outside Diameter = Module (Teeth + 2) =93mm

Part Number
4

Part Name
Driving Spur
Gear

All dimensions in mm.

Quantity
1

Description
M.S. Rod
100x12
Aditya Sinha

M16 THREADED ROD

Part Number
5

Part Name
Threaded Rod

Quantity
4

Description
MS Rod
16x160

All Dimensions in mm.


-Vaibhav

V-PLATE SUPPORT BLOCK

All dimensions in mm.

Part Number
7

Part Name

Legs

Quantity

Material Req

12.7x12

-Akshay Chaturvedi

TOP PLATE

All dimensions in mm.

Part Number
9

Part Name
Top Plate

Quantity
1

Description
MS sheet
5mm 150x150
-Himanshu Rathee

BASE PLATE

Part Number

10

Part Name
Base Plate

Quantity

Description
M.S. Sheet
5mm 200X200

PIN

Part Number
11

Part Name

All dimensions in mm.

Pin

Quantity

Material Req

MS Rod
12.7x65

-Akshay Chaturvedi

LEGS

All dimensions in mm.

Part Number
12

Part Name

Legs

Quantity

Material Req

20x100

-Akshay Chaturvedi