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20

20.1

20.1

EX=2.1E5

NUXY=0.3

MU=0.2

20.1

20.2
ANSYS6.1

1/4

20.2.1
20.1

StructuralAnalysis of a Axis Contacting a hole in


a Disc
1 Utility Menu | File | Change Jobname Change Jobname (
) 20.2 Enter new jobname ()
CH20 New log and error files (
)Yes

20.2

2 Utility Menu | File | Change Title Change Title ()


20.3 Enter new title ()Analysis of a Axis
Contacting a hole in a Disc

20.3

3 Utility Menu | Plot | ReplotAnalysis of a Axis Contacting


a hole in a Disc()
4 Main Menu | Preference Preference of GUI Filtering (
) Structual()

20.2.2
Solid185
TARGE170
CONTA174

1 Main Menu | Preprocessor | Element Type | Add/Edit/Delete


Element Types ()
Library of Element
Types (), 20.4

20.4

2Structural Solid
Brick
8node 185 Solid185

Library of Element Types Element Types ()


1Solid185 20.5

20.5

3 Element Types ()

20.2.3

1 Main Menu | Preprocessor | Material Props | Material Models


Define Material Model Behavior () 20.6

20.6

2 Structural | | Linear | | Elastic | | Isotropic


1 EX PRXY 20.7

20.7

3 EX ()2.1E5PRXY
() 0.3

4 Define Material Model Behavior ()


1 Material | Exit

20.2.4

1 Main Menu | Preprocessor | Modeling | Create |


Volumes | Cylinder | Partial Cylinder Partial Cyclinde (r )
20.8

20.8

2WP X0WP Y0 Rad-1


34 Theta-10 Rad-2100 Theta-290
Depth25 20.8
ANSYS
()
3
WP X0WP Y0 Rad-125 Theta-1
0 Rad-235 Theta-290 Depth150

ANSYS
4 Utility Menu | PlotCtrls | Pan Zoom Rotate
Pan-Zoom -Rotate ()

20.9

20.9

5 2() Main Menu | Preprocessor | Modeling


| Move / Modify | Volumes Move Volume ()

Move
Volume () 20.10

20.10

6 Z-offset in Active CS (Z )-10


Z 10mm

7 Main Menu | Preprocessor | Meshing | Mesh


Tool 20.11

20.11

8(Mesh Tool)(Size
Controls) Lines ()
Element Sizes on Picked Lines (
)

Element Sizes on Picked Lines (


) 20.12

20.12

9 No. of element divisions ()


15 15

10 89
2 20
11 Mesh Volume
Shape ()Hex/Wedge
Sweep
Volume Sweeping ()

( Sweep
2 )
12 811 10 8
3

20.13

20.13

20.2.5

ANSYS6.1
ANSYS

1 Main Menu | Preprocessor | Modeling | Create | Contact


Pair ANSYS6.1 Contact Manager () 20.14

20.14

2
) 20.15

Add Contact Pair (

20.15

3Areas
Select Area for Target ()

4Areas

Add Contact Pair ()

Select Area for Contact ()

Add Contact Pair ()

20.16

20.16

5Include initial penetration


Material ID ()1

Coefficient of Friction ()0.2 0.2

20.17

20.17

6 Normal Penalty Stiffness ()0.1


0.1 Friction ()
20.18

20.18

7 Stiffness matrix ()Unsymmetric

8 20.16

ANSYS

20.19

20.19

9 20.19

ANSYS

3
20.20

20.20

10 ANSYS Toolbar ()

11 Utility Menu | Plot | Areas ANSYS

20.3

20.3.1

1 Main Menu | Solution | Define Loads | Apply |


Structural | Displacement | Symmetry B. C. | On Areas Apply SYMM on Areas (
)
20.21

20.21

2 Main Menu | Solution | Define Loads | Apply |


Structural | Displacement | On Areas Apply U,ROT on Areas ()

Apply U,ROT on Areas () 20.22

20.22

3 DOFs to be constrainted ()All DOF


( 0)

20.23

20.23

20.3.2

1 Main Menu | Analysis Type | Solution | New Analysis


New Analysis ()()Static

2 Main Menu | Solution | Analysis Type | Sol'n Controls


20.24

20.24

3 Basic () Analysis Options ()Large


Displacement Static Time Control (
) Time at end of loadstep100(Automatic time
stepping Off)

(Solution Controls)
Advanced NL ()

Main Menu | Solution | Load Step Opts |


Time/Frequenc | Time-Time Step
ANSYS (Ramped)

4 Main Menu | Solution | Solve | Current LS


STATUS Command () ( 20.25) Solve Current Load Step (
)( 20.26)

20.25

5
20.26

6ANSYS

7 ANSYS
Utility Menu | Replot

20.3.3

()

1 Main Menu | Solution | Analysis Type |


Sol'n Controls Solution Controls () 20.27

20.27

2 Basic () Analysis Options ()


Large Displacement Static Time Control () Time
at end of loadstep ()250 Automatic time stepping(
) On) Number of substeps ()150
Max no. of substeps ()10000Min no. of substeps ()10
3 Write Items to Results File () Frequency (
)Write every substep

4( 40mm) Utility Menu | Select


| Entities Select Entities () 20.28
NodeBy Location
Z coordinates
140 Z 140

20.28

5 Main Menu | Solution | Define Loads | Apply | Structural | Displacement |


On Nodes

Apply
U,ROT on NOdes () 20.29
UZ Displacement value ()40

20.29

6 Utility Menu | Select | Everythings


7
Main Menu | Solution | Solve | Current LS
STATUS Command () Solve Current Load Step ()
()
8

9ANSYS

ANSYS

20.4

(POST1)
(POST26)

20.4.1

ANSYS

1 Utility Menu | PlotCtrls | Style | Symmetry Expansion |


Periodic/Cyclic Symmetry Periodic/Cyclic Symmetry Expansion ()
20.31

20.30

21/4 Dihedral Sym

20.31

20.31

3Main Menu | General


Pestpro | Read Results | By Load Step Read Results by Load Step Number (
)( LSTEP=1,SBSTEP=LAST)

4 Main Menu | General Postproc | Plot Results | Contour Plot | Nodal Solu
Contour Nodal Solution Data () 20.32

20.32

5Stress

Von Mises SEQV

ANSYS
20.33

20.33

6Main
Menu | General Pestpro | Read Results | By Time/Freq Read Results by Time or
Frequency () 20.34 Value of
time or freq ()120 120

20.34

7 Utility Menu | Select | Entities(Select


Entities)Element
By Elem Name
Element Name174

8 Utility Menu | Plot | Elements


20.35

20.35

9 Main Menu | General Postproc | Plot Results | Contour Plot | Nodal Solu
Contour Nodal Solution Data () 20.32
Contact
Pressure PRES

ANSYS 120
20.36

20.36

10 Utility Menu | Select | Everything


ANSYS (POST1)
Utility Menu | Plot Ctrls | Animate
| Over Results Utility Menu | List | Nodes

18.4.2
ANSYS

1 Main Menu | TimeHist Postpro Time


History Variables () 20.37

20.37

2 Z
Add Time History Variable (
) 20.38

20.38

3 Result Item ()
Reaction Forces | Structural Forces | Z-Component of ForceVariable Name
()FZ_2

140

2 FZ_2 20.37
4 Z

ANSYS Z
20.39

20.39

ANSYS
ANSYS

20.5
ANSYS GUI
/TITLE,Analysis of a Axis Contacting a hole in a Disc
/PREP7
!*
ET,1,SOLID185

!*
MP,EX,1,2.1E5

MP,PRXY,1,0.3
!*
CYL4,0,0,34,0,100,90,25

CYL4,0,0,25,0,35,90,150
VGEN, ,2, , , , ,-10, , ,1

!*

LESIZE,17, , ,15, , , , ,1
LESIZE,19, , ,15, , , , ,1
!*
LESIZE,18, , ,2, , , , ,1
LESIZE,20, , ,2, , , , ,1
!*
LESIZE,22, , ,20, , , , ,1
!*
LESIZE,5, , ,10, , , , ,1
LESIZE,7, , ,10, , , , ,1
!*
LESIZE,6, , ,8, , , , ,1
LESIZE,8, , ,8, , , , ,1
!*
LESIZE,10, , ,3, , , , ,1
!*
VSWEEP,ALL

!*
/COM, CONTACT PAIR CREATION - START
MP,MU,1,0.2

MAT,1
R,3
REAL,3
ET,2,170
ET,3,174
R,3,,,0.1,0.1,,
NROPT,UNSYM
!* Generate the target surface
ASEL,S,,,4
CM,_TARGET,AREA
TYPE,2
NSLA,S,1
ESLN,S,0
ESURF,ALL
!* Generate the contact surface
ASEL,S,,,9
CM,_CONTACT,AREA
TYPE,3
NSLA,S,1

ESLN,S,0
ESURF,ALL
CMDEL,_TARGET
CMDEL,_CONTACT
ALLSEL,ALL
EPLOT
FINISH
!*
/SOLU
DA,5,SYMM

DA,6,SYMM
DA,11,SYMM
DA,12,SYMM
DA,3,ALL,

!*
ANTYPE,0
NLGEOM,1
AUTOTS,0
TIME,100
SOLVE

!*
NSUBST,150,10000,10
OUTRES,ALL,ALL
AUTOTS,1
TIME,250
NSEL,S,LOC,Z,140

140

D,ALL,UZ,40
ALLSEL,ALL
SOLVE

!*
/EXPAND,4,POLAR,HALF,,90
/REPLOT
!*
/POST1
SET,1,LAST,1,
PLNSOL,S,EQV,0,1
!*
SET, , ,1, ,120, ,
ESEL,S,ENAME,,174

EPLOT
PLNSOL,CONT,PRES,0,1
!*
PLNS,S,EQV
ANDATA,0.5, ,1,0,0,1,1,1

!*
/POST26
!*
RFORCE,2,925,F,Z, FZ_2
PLVAR,2,

FINISH