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SU TU TRANG (STT) FULL FIELD

DEVELOPMENT PHASE I

SU TU TRANG (STT) FULL FIELD


DEVELOPMENT PHASE I
ST-LQ BATTERY AND CHARGER
SIZING CALCUALTION

Vector InfoTech. Ltd

Page 1 of 11

1.1 PROJECT SPECIFICATIONS


The following Specifications shall be applied to the subject work
2014-4874-3L-0001
Specification
2.0

230VAC Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS)

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
All equipment and material located outdoors shall be suitable for
corrosive offshore environment. The environmental and climatic
conditions to which the electrical equipment and materials will be
subjected to are given below:
-

Max ambient air temperature, external


35 C
Min ambient air temperature, external 19 C
Max relative humidity, external
100%
Atmosphere
Salt laden marine

The Switchgear room/E-House building will be positively pressurized


and air conditioned. The normal HVAC operating conditions shall be
as follows:

3.0

Temperature
Relative Humidity

23 C 2 C
50% 10% RH

DESIGN CRITERIA

3.1 BATTERY TYPE


As per the requirement of the specification no. 2014-4874-3L-0001,
230VAC Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) Specification, the
following factors to be consider for the sizing of the battery amperehour capacity.
-

Battery is VRLA (Valve Regulated Lead Acid) type with limited


maintenance,
End of discharge shall not be lower than 1.84 V per cell at 25 C,
Design margin = 10% ,
Ageing factor = 1.2,
Battery shall have design life of 20 years.

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4.0 SIZING CALCULATION AND SELECTION FOR ST-LQ BATTERY AND


CHARGER
4.1 GENERAL
The calculation is based on the recommendation of IEEE 485
standards and application guides as available. In the absence of
suitable standard criteria, the decisions are taken based on sound
engineering judgment and best industrial practice.
4.2 LOAD LIST AND AUTONOMY TIMES
The list of power consumption and autonomy time of 04 hours for
PAGA at ST-LQ is provided in Appendix 1.
4.3 CHARGER SIZING
Sizing of the Charger shall take into account the peak load operation
to ensure that the charger is capable to supply electrical power
during those peak periods without requiring the battery to discharge
un-necessarily.
Below is the table summarizing the expected loads to be supported
by the Charger and Battery System.
Load Description

Rating (VA)

PAGA SYSTEM A&B

3,736.33

10% Design Margin

373.63

Total design Load

4,109.96

4.4 BATTERY SIZING PARAMETER


The sizing of the battery ampere hour capacity will be done based
on the absolute power consumption to avoid over sizing of the
batteries.
Total load required to be supported by the battery bank would be as
follows:
Battery load profile is shown at figure 1 which is based on design
load (Appendix 1) Battery is designed based on typical data as
below:
- Battery system nominal (Unom): 48V DC

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Page 3 of 11

Allowable input voltage operating window +/- 10%: 52.8V / 43.2V

End of voltage (Uend): 1.85V (to be chosen as per Enersys Battery


data)

Battery Efficiency: 95%

Recommended recharge voltage / cell in floating (U chr) at 250C:


2.25V

Based on above condition, minimum number of cell required:


Number of Cell = Umax / Uchr = 52.80 / 2.25 24 cell
Battery shall support the loads for a minimum period of 4 hours
according to the below load profile below.

85.62 A
4,109.96 VA

4 hours

Figure 1. Load Profile (Design Load)


Battery bank voltage to be used is the 48V DC. Normally, has an
input voltage operating window of +10% and -10% nominal voltage.
Taking a worst case situation, the battery minimum output voltage
would be:
Battery min. voltage = 48 x 0.9 = 43.2V
Battery discharge current at this voltage level is as follows:
-

Discharge current for 4 hours autonomy


Id
= Total Battery Design Load / Minimum battery bank
voltage
= (Total design Load x Power Factor / Efficiency) /
Minimum battery bank voltage
= (4,109.96 x 1 / 0.95) / 43.2 V
= 100.15 A

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Page 4 of 11

To calculate battery cell, it is described by following cell sizing


worksheet.
(1)

Period

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

Load

Change in
load

Duration
of period

Time to
end of
section

Ah/A
Capacity
at T min
Rate

(3) * (6) Required


section size

(Amp)

(Amp)

(minutes)

(minutes)

Kt

Pos value

M1=240

T=240

4.802

480.92

Total (F)

480.92

Neg value

Section 1
1

A1=
100.15

A1-0=
100.15

Note: The Kt factor is calculated by dividing the rated capacity of the


cell in Ah by the discharge current at time period, refer to typical
manufacturer sheet attached. The battery type is 12V170F, 170Ah
with Kt = 170/35.4 = 4.802 at T =240 minutes.
-

Uncorrected battery cell size = Current x K t = 100.15 x 4.802=


480.92 Ah

Taking into consideration a battery ageing factor of 20%, design


margin of 10% and the temperature correction factor (base on
battery performance data).
Temperature
factor

1 / Factor from Temperature Correction


Chart
= 1 / 1.03
= 0.971
=

The selected battery shall have as a minimum the following


capacity;
Req. batt. Ah
capacity

= Uncorrected battery cell size x Ageing factor x


Design margin x Temperature factor
= 480.92 x 1.2 x 1.1 x 0.971
= 616.41 Ah

The battery final selection: Enersys, Type 12V170F

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Page 5 of 11

4.5 CHARGER SIZING


Battery charger sizing shall take into account the battery charging
current. The below table provides summary of the expected load
supplied by charger.
Load Description

Rating (VA)

PAGA SYSTEM A&B

3,736.33

10% Design Margin

373.63

Total design Load

4,109.96

Thus the rectifier unit selected shall have, as a minimum, the


following capacity:
Minimum
Charger
Current

=
=
=

(Total Charger Design Load x Power Factor/


Nominal Voltage) + 10% x Req. batt. Ah
capacity
(4,109.96 x 1 / 48) + 10% x 616.41
85.62 + 61.64
147.26 A

The selected rectifier rating: 175A.


5.0

SUMMARY
Battery, Charger Sizing summary for ST-LQ is as follows:
Description

1. LOAD SUMMARY
Design Load (VA)
2. BATTERY SIZE SUMMARY
Minimum
Required
Available
Current (A)
Calculated Number of Cell /
Battery
Calculated Battery Capacity @ 25
C (Ah)

Selected Number of Cell / Battery

Selected Capacity @ 25 C (Ah)


3. CHARGER SIZE SUMMARY

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ST-LQ Charger
4,109.96
100.15
24 cell or 4 battery (6 cells/battery)
616.41
16 Battery Bank of 12V170F
Number of String for Battery
Bank: 4
Total Amp.Hr of Each String:
170
Total No of Battery in Each
String:4
680 Ah

Page 6 of 11

Minimum Required Charger Rating


(A)
Selected Charger Rating (A)

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147.26

175A

Page 7 of 11

APPENDICES

Appendix 1 Power Consumption Load List for ST-LQ (2


page)
Appendix 2 ENERSYS Battery Performance Data (1 pages)

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Page 8 of 11

SU TU TRANG (STT) FULL FIELD


DEVELOPMENT PHASE I

Appendix 1 Power Consumption Load List for ST-LQ


Quantit
y

Unit

Power (AC/DC)

U (V)

I (A)

P (W)

Total Power
(Watts)

Heat
Distribution
(Btu/Hr)

ST-LQ
1
PAGA System A
1.1 Industronic
Access Unit
1.2 Industronic
Exchange Board
1.3 Industronic
Intercom station
1.4 Industronic
DDSI
1.5 Industronic
Line Monitoring ring
1.6 Industronic
Digital Exchange
1.7 Industronic
Linecard Digital Intercom
1.8 Industronic
Power supply control
1.9 Industronic
Amplifier
2
Industronic
DC/DC convertor -1
2.1 Industronic
CPU

2
1
15
15
2
1
1
1
4
1
1

EA
EA
EA
EA
EA
EA
EA
EA
EA
EA
EA

48VDC
5VDC
48VDC
48VDC
24VDC
5VDC
5VDC
3VDC
48VDC
24VDC
5VDC

48
5
48
48
24
5
5
3
48
24
5

9.60
10.00
4.80
4.80
4.32
5.00
2.00
3.00
315.00
60.72
2.00

19.20
10.00
72.00
72.00
8.64
5.00
2.00
3.00
1,260.00
60.72
2.00

65.51
34.12
245.67
245.67
29.48
17.06
6.82
10.24
4,299.30
207.20
6.82

2.2

Industronic

DC/DC convertor -2

EA

48VDC

80.00

80.00

272.97

2.3
2.4

Industronic
Industronic

Digital intercom Rack


Beacon

1
8
Total

EA
EA

48VDC
24VDC

48
24

0.20
2.00
0.10
0.10
0.18
1.00
0.40
1.00
6.56
2.53
0.40
16.0
0
0.10
1.40

4.80
33.60

4.80
268.80
1,868.16

16.38
NA
5,457.25

2
1
15
15
2
1
1

EA
EA
EA
EA
EA
EA
EA

48VDC
5VDC
48VDC
48VDC
24VDC
5VDC
5VDC

48
5
48
48
24
5
5

0.20
2.00
0.10
0.10
0.18
1.00
0.40

9.60
10.00
4.80
4.80
4.32
5.00
2.00

19.20
10.00
72.00
72.00
8.64
5.00
2.00

65.51
34.12
245.67
245.67
29.48
17.06
6.82

S/
N

Brand

Description

ST-LQ
1
PAGA System B
1.1 Industronic
Access Unit
1.2 Industronic
Exchange Board
1.3 Industronic
Intercom station
1.4 Industronic
DDSI
1.5 Industronic
Line Monitoring ring
1.6 Industronic
Digital Exchange
1.7 Industronic
Linecard Digital Intercom

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Remarks

Page 9 of 11

SU TU TRANG (STT) FULL FIELD


DEVELOPMENT PHASE I

S/
N

Brand

Description

Quantit
y

Unit

Power (AC/DC)

U (V)

I (A)

P (W)

Total Power
(Watts)

1.00
6.56
2.53
0.40
16.0
0
0.10
1.40

3.00
315.00
60.72
2.00

3.00
1,260.00
60.72
2.00

Heat
Distribution
(Btu/Hr)
10.24
4,299.30
207.20
6.82

80.00

80.00

272.97

4.80
33.60

4.80
268.80
1,868.16

16.38
NA
5,457.25

1.8
1.9
2
2.1

Industronic
Industronic
Industronic
Industronic

Power supply control


Amplifier
DC/DC convertor -1
CPU

1
4
1
1

EA
EA
EA
EA

3VDC
48VDC
24VDC
5VDC

3
48
24
5

2.2

Industronic

DC/DC convertor -2

EA

48VDC

2.3
2.4

Industronic
Industronic

Digital intercom Rack


Beacon

1
8
Total

EA
EA

48VDC
24VDC

48
24

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Remarks

Page 10 of 11

SU TU TRANG (STT) FULL FIELD


DEVELOPMENT PHASE I

Appendix 2 ENERSYS Battery Performance Data

Vector InfoTech. Ltd

Page 11 of 11