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Application Guide

Volume II

AG95-25

Multiple SEL Communications Processor


Operation
David C. Wood

OVERVIEW
The SEL Communications Processors (SEL-2032, SEL-2030, and SEL-2020) are powerful tools
for substation integration applications. With 16 IED ports each, the communications processor
can provide integration for a large number of devices. For applications that require integration of
more IEDs, you can use multiple communications processors.
This application guide provides an overview of various ways you can connect and use multiple
communications processors at a single site. This includes both instances when the number of
desired connections requires more than one communications processor and instances when you
wish to provide multiple paths for access to each device.
Throughout this application guide, we assume you are already familiar SEL communications
processors. See the communications processors instruction manual for additional background
information.
Throughout the remainder of this application guide, SEL Communications Processors (SEL-2032,
SEL-2030, and SEL-2020) will be referred to generically as CPs (Communication Processors).

MASTER DEVICE ACCESS METHODS


Within this application guide, we consider three ways to allow a master to access the set of CPs:
multi-point, single-point, and dial-in.

MULTI-POINT MASTER ACCESS


The easiest way to connect to multiple CPs from a single master is to have some sort of direct
connection to each CP. One way to do this is to use an LMD, Modbus, DNP3, or Modbus Plus
multidrop network to connect all of the CPs and the master on a single network. (You will need
to use EIA-232 conversion modules on each CP to support a multidrop network other than
Modbus Plus.) Using a multidrop network, the master can access each CP simply by using the
appropriate address. Figure 1 illustrates this case.

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Phone: (509) 332-1890 Fax: (509) 332-7990
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Multidrop Network (LMD, Modbus, DNP, or Modbus Plus)


To Master

CP

CP

CP

DWG: AG950005.vsd

Figure 1: Networked CPs


Alternatively, you can connect a dedicated link from each CP to the master. With this method,
the master can access the CP of interest by using the appropriate link from the master. Figure 2
illustrates this case. If you only have a single master port available for the CPs and do not want
to use a network connection, then you will need to interconnect the CPs for single-point master
access. The connections to the master can use any of the multidrop protocols, ASCII, or SEL
protocols.
EIA-232
To Master

CP

CP

CP

DWG: AG950006.vsd

Figure 2: Directly Connected Multi-Point Master Access

SINGLE-POINT MASTER ACCESS


In this section, we address accessing multiple CPs through a single serial connection. In this
system, designate one CP as the master device, and connect your serial connection to a master
port on this CP. Then connect the other CPs (slaves) to the master CP. (Figure 3 illustrates this
interconnection method.) On the master CP, set these interconnection ports to be SEL IEDs. On
each connected CP, set the interconnection port to MASTER. Make sure that the termination
sequence on the master CP is different than that used in each slave CP. (Unique termination
sequences are required so you can disconnect transparent mode on each CP individually. If they
were the same, you could never disconnect the slave CP.) For best performance, set your
communications parameters on these links to 19200 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, and no parity.

SEL Application Guide 95-25

Date Code 20040511

To Master
Device=Master
Master CP
Device=SEL IED
Device=Master
Slave CP

Device=SEL IED
Device=Master
Slave CP

DWG: AG950007.vsd

Figure 3: Single-Point Master Access CPs


To access devices and data associated with the master CP, use the same methods you would use if
it were the only CP. To access devices and data associated with one of the slave CPs, you must
first use the PORT n command (where n is the port number) to access that CP. You can then
access the data as usual. You will need to issue the appropriate transparent terminate sequence
when you are done working with the slave CP.
You can concentrate data in the master CP to avoid having to connect to the other CPs. Set the
system up to transfer the data of interest to the master CP. To do this, set up each slave CP to
write the data of interest to a User region of the master CP using the "\W/" automatic message
string.

DIAL-IN ACCESS
To remotely access multiple CPs using a dial-in modem, there are two ways to connect the
system. The first way is to use an external phone demultiplexer connected to a modem in each
CP to allow independent access of each CP. The second way is to connect the CPs as discussed
above (Single-Point Master Access) and connect the phone line to a modem on the master CP.
Figure 4 illustrates these two methods.

SEL Application Guide 95-25

Date Code 20040511

Phone
Line
Phone
Demultiplexer

MODEM

CP

MODEM

CP

MODEM

CP

(a)

Phone
Line

MODEM

CP

CP

CP

(b)

DWG: AG950008.vsd

Figure 4: Phone Line Connection: (a) Using Phone Line Demultiplexer, (b) Using Chained
CPs

PRINTER SHARING
There are two ways to share a printer. One is to use a printer multiplexer, which you connect to
each CP and to the printer. The other is to interconnect the CPs as discussed above (Single-Point
Master Access) and connect the printer to the master CP. Figure 5 illustrates these two methods.

SEL Application Guide 95-25

Date Code 20040511

CP

CP

CP

Printer
Printer
Multiplexer

(a)

Master CP
Printer
Slave CP

Slave CP

(b)

DWG: AG950009.vsd

Figure 5: Printer Sharing: (a) Using Printer Multiplexer, (b) Using Chained CPs
When you share the printer by connecting it to the master CP, the easiest way to transfer data
from the slave CPs to the printer is to have the slave CPs send the data to be printed to the master
CP as unsolicited messages. The master CP can then be set to print these unsolicited messages.
If you are transferring automatic data in addition to unsolicited data to the master CP, add a 10second delay ("\T10/") at the end of all messages from the slave CPs, so the master CP can
properly distinguish them.
To send all unsolicited data from the slave CPs to the master CP, make the following settings on
the slave port that connects to the master CP:
ISSUEn = 1:UMB*!Dn + 2:UMB*!Dn + ... + 16:UMB*!Dn
MESGn = "\DAC1/\DAC2/...\DAC16/\T10/"
These settings will send and clear unsolicited data. To send without clearing, set your message as
follows:
MESGn = "\DAP1/\DAP2/...\DAP16/\T10/"
To print all unsolicited data including the data from the slave CPs, set PRINT_ALL=Y on the
master CP printer port.

TIME-CODE SYNCHRONIZATION
When you use multiple CPs, you will normally want their clocks synchronized. If you have a
time source, you may feed its IRIG-B time-code to one or more of your CPs. If the CPs are not
all synchronized from a common source, you can connect a demodulated IRIG-B output from one
CP to the IRIG-B input of the other CPs using cable SEL-C276 or SEL-C276 FZ/FD.
5

SEL Application Guide 95-25

Date Code 20040511

REDUNDANT SYSTEMS
There are cases when you may want to use redundant CPs so that your control and data
acquisition system does not have a single point of failure. There are two ways to do this: One
way is to connect the primary CP to the primary system protection IEDs and connect the backup
CP to the backup system protection IEDs. The other way is to connect each CP to the same
devices so they have identical setups.
The latter case can be difficult because many IEDs, including SEL-500 series relays, only have
one serial port so they can only be connected to a single CP. Other IEDs that support multiple
serial ports may have difficulty supporting simultaneous operation on more than one port (e.g.,
SEL-100 and SEL-200 series relays).
Consequently, if you are going to connect the redundant CPs to the same relays, you will want to
set up the backup CP to operate only when the primary CP has been disabled. One way to do this
is to condition all SELOGIC control equations within the backup CP to only be enabled if the
ALARM on the primary CP is asserted. Another way is to condition the SELOGIC control
equations within both CPs to be controlled by a contact input (e.g., IN1) or by a remote bit that
can be controlled from a master device (e.g., R1).
Also, with SEL-100 and SEL-200 series relays that support Fast Meter commands, these Fast
Meter commands are only available on one port, causing collected meter data to have different
formats depending on the port you are getting this data from. Thus, you will need to be able to
handle slightly different data sets from the two CPs.
In tiered configurations, like those in Figure 3, you can separate lower-tier CPs to talk to primary
and backup protection and have two upper-tier CPs operating in parallel.

MULTI-PURPOSE SYSTEMS
The above access methods are not mutually exclusive; you may use combinations of these access
methods to meet your application needs. For example, you may use a Modbus network for your
SCADA system while arranging your CPs in a master-slave configuration for dial-in access and
printer sharing. Figure 6 illustrates such a system.

SEL Application Guide 95-25

Date Code 20040511

Phone Line

Modbus Network

MODEM

Master CP
Printer

Slave CP
Slave CP

DWG: AG950010.vsd

Figure 6: System With Multiple Access Methods

CONCLUSION
SEL Communications Processors are powerful tools to aid substation integration projects, even
when a large number of IEDs are involved or when redundant systems are required.

FACTORY ASSISTANCE
We appreciate your interest in SEL products and services. If you have questions or comments,
please contact us at:
Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.
2350 NE Hopkins Court
Pullman, WA USA 99163-5603
Telephone: (509) 332-1890
Fax: (509) 332-7990
Internet: www.selinc.com

All brand or product names appearing in this document are the trademark or registered trademark of their respective holders.
ACSELERATOR,

Connectorized, CONSELTANT, Job Done, MIRRORED BITS, Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories,


registered trademarks of Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.

, SEL, SELOGIC, and SEL-PROFILE, are

Copyright SEL 1995, 1998, 1999, 2004 (All rights reserved) Printed in USA.

SEL Application Guide 95-25

Date Code 20040511