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BESSER BLOCKS

Heritage Building Products supply Besser Masonry(concrete) blocks. Besser Concrete masonry
is manufactured in accordance with the Provisions of Australian Standard AS 2733-1984
Concrete Masonry Units. It is recommended that design, drawing practice and construction be
carried out in accordance with AS 3700 Masonry Code.
Modular Planning The dimensions of masonry units are based on the 100mm module. The actual
size of units given are, in all cases, 10mm smaller than their nominal sizes to allow for joint
thickness. For example, a block having an actual length of 390mm will be classified as having a
nominal length of 400mm. Estimating data, including tables of wall length and wall height, are
available from Heritage Building Products.
Block Laying Dry units are essential. Blocks should never be wetted prior to application of mortar.
Blocks should be kept dry when stored on site before use. Whenever work is stopped, the tops of
walls should be covered to prevent moisture entering the cores of the blocks. Blocks should be
laid with the thickest shell uppermost. Care should be taken not to allow mortar to drop into cores
if core is to be grouted.
Jointing The mortar squeezed from the joints should be struck off flush with the wall as each block
is laid. When the mortar has stiffened and is firm to the touch, it should be firmly compacted with
a jointing tool. This compactness is important since mortar, when hardening, has a tendency to
shrink slightly.
Control Joints When required, the joints should be located:

at major changes in wall height


at changes in wall thickness other than for piers and buttresses
at control joints in footings, in roof and in floors
at chases and recesses for pipings, columns, fixtures etc
at one or both sides of wall openings

near wall intersections


Wall Ties Wall ties for cavity walls should be provided in accordance with AS 3700.
Bond Beams A bond beam is a continuous beam around the exterior of a building for the
purpose of providing lateral stability to the walls, and to minimise the possibility of
shrinkage cracking at openings. Bond beam blocks should be filled with concrete or
grout as specified and suitable reinforcing steel. Reinforcement should be not less than
12mm deformed bars.

Flashing In cavity walls, flashing shall be placed at an angle across the cavity to
discharge moisture towards weep holes. Turn up ends to prevent moisture draining into
cavities. Flashing and capping should be provided to the tops of all parapets.
Cleaning Care should be taken during construction of masonry walls to prevent excess
mortar being smeared over the faces of the blocks. Finished walls should be cleaned
down after the mortar has hardened by rubbing with a piece of block or carborundum
stone, wire brushing where necessary. Acid must not be used for cleaning concrete
masonry walls.
Advantages of Besser Blocks
Nominal Dimensions: 400 x 200 x 200 /150 / 100 mm conforming to the
principles of Modular co-ordination as per Indian Standards(IS).

Faster Construction due to light weight. Seismic Construction: Combined with


reinforcing steel and grout Besser Blocks can form a structure that can withstand
powerful earthquakes, such as the ones in California, New Zealand and Japan.

Less mortar consumption: 0.009 cum/sqmtr V/s. 0.014 cum/sqmtr for solid blocks
and 0.069 cum/sqmtr for clay bricks.

Energy efficient: Air conditioning power consumption can be reduced by 30%.


Reliable Supply all around the year.

Eco-friendly, no usage of top soil. Better sound insulation. Less plaster thickness
due to higher dimensional accuracy: 8 to 10 mm V/s. 15 to 20 mm for solid
blocks/ clay bricks.

Less water absorption : <7% V/s. 10 to 12% for solid blocks. Reduction in
concrete & steel: In case of framed structures upto 0.25 kg/sft of steel and
0.05cft/sft of concrete.

Chasing for electrical & plumbing service can be eliminated since these services
can run through the cavities.

Lower dry shrinkage. Ensures against cracks. Can be reinforced for shear loads
both horizontally & vertically.

Higher carpet area to builtup area.

AEON'S

C O N S T R U C TI O N

PRODUCTS

LIMITED

REGISTERED OFFICE
Address

Phone

New No: 3, III Street,


D-Block,
Annanagar (E),
Chennai - 600 102.
TamilNadu, INDIA
91-44-5217 2400 / 01 / 02

Fax

91-44-5217 2403

Website

www.aeonsindia.com

Email

aeons@md3.vsnl.net.in

FACTORY
Address

B-49(b), SIPCOT Industrial Complex,


Gummidipoondi - 601 201.
Tamil Nadu, INDIA

Phone

91-4119-222503

ENGINEERED

CONCRETE

M AS O N R Y

UNITS (ECMU)

Introduction :

Established in the year 1985, with objectives of introducing a high quality construction product, A
since grown to become a path maker in the construction industry in India. "ECMU" was introduce
by Aeon's.
to the construction industry.

Aeon's consistent efforts and regular R & D work continues to provide high quality and innovative

About ECMU :

Engineered Concrete Masonry Units (ECMUs) are hollow and solid blocks used for a variety of industrial/residential app
replacing the burnt clay bricks. ECMUs cover a range of basic structural elements such as walls, columns, pilasters, beams, lintels an
walls. The units are manufactured in a variety of structural grades, facade designs, textures, colours, shapes and sizes.
What is SAP?

(Structural, Architectural & Pre Engineered) is an innovative Engineered Concrete Masonry Unit (ECMUs), a modular constru
product used as primary construction material for all kinds of buildings. SAP is an advanced construction product that altogether elim
need to use bricks and helps you build to international standards and style. It is the outcome of extensive research in USA to satisfy
the construction industry. ECMU as a premium product has in a short span of time edged out most of the conventional building produ
constitute more than 80% usage of construction in USA and other advanced countries.

satisfies ECMU needs of varying applications in the construction industry such as structural soundness, versatility, architectu
freedom and aesthetics, ease and speed of construction, durability, performance standards, style, living comfort and economy.
The Technology

is a high technology product manufactured under strict quality control conditions in a modern plant equipped with state of a
machinery that includes rugged casting and stripping machines with the latest moulding techniques. This kind of technology provides
of following parameters of the product while under manufacture as per the requirements of the customer:

Size

Form

Strength

Facade Design

Texture

Colour

Fire rating

Shapes

Thermal

Acoustic Properties

The strength and properties of SAP are achieved by a judicious interplay of choices of aggregates, mix proportion, water cement ratio
finish time and so on. Designed mix is accurately weigh batched and concrete mix of required consistency is obtained. The blocks are
block making machines by simultaneous vibration and compaction. Thus SAP can be tailor made to suit any construction requiremen
STRUCTURAL FEATURES

is a structural medium, which offers the structural, engineer two attractive features, namely structural strength and structu
The structural strength of SAP Units range from 150 to 300 Kg/cm2 or higher on flange area in compression. The strength can be fur
supplemented by grouting the cores with concrete and nominal reinforcing steel, where required.

has a high strength/weight ratio of about 4 to 6 times that of burnt clay bricks. This helps the designer to design stronger y
economical structures.
The structural form of SAP units cover the range of the basic structural elements viz. walls, columns, pilasters, beams and lintels.
ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES

is an architectural medium. It provides the architect aesthetics with built in functions, thereby eliminating the need to speci
separate medium for finishes and rendering. SAP is available in various colors, textures and facade designs. Plain, Single scored, tri-s
fluted, split fluted, striface, split face, shot blasted are some of the facade designs available.

also obviates the need to specify a separate medium for functional requirements as SAP has built in characteristic of therma
insulation, acoustic insulation, fire resistance and resistance to weathering.
PRE-ENGINEERED FEATURES

is a Pre-Engineered modular construction unit, which can be pre-engineered to meet varied requirements of Engineers, Arch
Builders and Customers to suit their specific requirements. SAP provides for neat concealment of electro mechanical services and plu
integration. This gives virtually infinite design possibilities and freedom of expression.
RANGE OF PRODUCTS
Size (mm)
Length Breadth Height Solid Hollow
390

190

190

Yes

Yes

190

190

190

No

Yes

390

140

190

Yes

Yes

190

140

190

No

Yes

390

90

190

Yes

Yes

DESIGN CONCEPT

The loads from the slab are distributed on the walls fairly uniformly. This is achieved by making the top-most row of the blocks below
into a solid portion, integral with the main slab by using U-shaped blocks, specially manufactured for this purpose. Horizontal loads s
wind loads are resisted in the usual manner by treating the slab as a diaphragm and by reinforcing the walls at regular intervals in th
transverse direction. Where there is no eccentric loading, the load carrying capacity of a wall constructed using ECMU is calculated us
following formula.
P=Cmxkx(FmxAb+Kc+Fc/1.3) x Ac+FsyxAs)
Where
Cm = Capacity reduction factor of design strength of reinforced masonry
(0.45 for plain Masonry).
K = Reduction factor for slenderness and eccentricity. (0.763 for 3m
highwall)
F'm = Characteristic compressive strength of masonry specimens (11.44
Mp2 for M30 and 9.36 for M20).
Ab = Bedded area of masonry cross section (64000 Sq.mm).
Kc = Factor for grout in compression.
Fc = Characteristic compressive cylinder strength of grout.
Ac = Total area of grouting in the cross section.
Fsy = Characteristic strength of reinforcement.
Ast = Cross sectional area of main reinforcement in reinforced masonry member.

ADVANTAGES OF ENGINEERED CONCRETE MASONRY UNITS :

Construction with ECMU is economical than conventional building construction due to reduction in quantity of steel, elimination of ext
plastering, reduction in cement mortar quantity and reduction in time to complete the structure. Savings of upto 15% (approximately
compared to bricks has been achieved using ECMU's Economy derived in using ECMU's when used for load bearing applications, the s

observed to be more than 20% due to reduction in steel consumed by 40%, lower site over heads and reduced other direct and indir
FACADE

DESIGNS:

Plain

Single Scored

Tri Scored

Fluted

Split Fluted

Stri face

Split face

Shot blasted

Click here for SAP ECMU ADVANTAGES

STRENGTH

SHAPES

Regular

Corner

Column

U Blocks

Half Blocks

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