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ATTITUDE TOWARDS SCHOOLING AND ACHIEVEMENT OF TRUANT AND NON-TRUANT HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Synopsis of the Dissertation submitted to Tamil Nadu Teachers Education University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of

MASTER OF EDUCATION

Investigator

N.KARTHIGAI SELVI

Reg.No.M 1311271

Research Supervisor

Mrs. A. Sowmiya,

Asst. Professor in Education

Supervisor Mrs. A. Sowmiya, Asst. Professor in Education MANGAYARKARASI COLLEGE OF EDUCATION FOR WOMEN Accredited by

MANGAYARKARASI COLLEGE OF EDUCATION FOR WOMEN

Accredited by NAAC with B Grade Madurai.

MAY 2014

NEED FOR THE STUDY

INTRODUCTION

For some children, school with its strict teachers, lunchroom bullies and

insurmountable piles of homework inspires a fear of weekdays instead of a love of

learning. Many students view education as an obligation rather than a privilege, and fail

to fully engage in their studies as a result. By promoting a positive attitude toward

school, we can help student gain enthusiasm for their scholastic journey, acquire a

passion for knowledge and ultimately become lifelong learners. Hence the researcher

wants to know the level of attitude towards schooling among truant and non-truant high

school students and how attitude affects achievement among truant and non-truant high

school students as a valuable study.

BACKGROUND OF THE PROBLEM

Investigator had studied educational psychology in B.Ed. and M.Ed. course and

had experience in school teaching and interactions with the students to know the level

of attitude towards their schooling and also during her teaching practice some students

were not attending the school regularly. So the researcher wants to know the level of

attitude towards schooling among truant and non-truant high school students and how

attitude affects achievement among truant and non-truant high school students

Hence

the present investigation is entitled ATTITUDE TOWARDS SCHOOLING AND

ACHIEVEMENT

STUDENTS.

OF

TRUANT

AND

TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

NON-TRUANT

HIGH

SCHOOL

Attitude towards schooling

Achievement

- refers to the expression of favor or disfavor towards the school by the high school students.

- refers to marks secured by the high school students in Half-yearly examination.

Truant students

Non-truant students

High school students

- refer to the students who is regularly absent from school without permission.

- refer to the students who is regularly attend the school

- refer to the students who are studying IX standard in State Board System Schools in Madurai District.

VARIABLES OF THE STUDY

The variables involved in this study are as follows:

Dependent Variables:

1. Attitude towards schooling

2. Achievement

Independent Variables:

1. Sex

: Male / Female

2. School kind

: Unisex / Co- Ed

3. School locality

: Rural / Urban

4. Medium of Instruction

: Tamil / English

5. School Management

: Government / Self-financing

6. Attending School

: Regularly / Not Regularly

7. Intimate Friends

: Few / Many

8. Parents Employment

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

: Single Employment / Both Employment

1. To measure the level of Attitude towards schooling of the students.

2. To measure the level of Attitude towards schooling of the truant students.

3. To measure the level of Attitude towards schooling of the non-truant students.

4. To measure the level of Achievement of the students.

5. To measure the level of Achievement of the truant students.

7.

To find out, whether there is a significant influence of select independent

variables viz., Sex, School Kind, School Locality, Medium of Instruction,

school Management, Attending School, Intimate Friends, Parents Employment

on the dependent variable Attitude towards schooling of truant students.

8. To find out, whether there is a significant influence of select independent

variables viz., Sex, School Kind, School Locality, Medium of Instruction,

school Management, Attending School, Intimate Friends, Parents Employment

on the dependent variable Attitude towards schooling of non-truant students.

9. To

find

out

the

relationship

between

Attitude

towards

schooling

and

achievement among the students.

 

10. To

find

out

the

relationship

between

Attitude

towards

schooling

and

achievement in among the truant students.

11. To find out the relationship between Attitude towards schooling and achievement among the non-truant students.

HYPOTHESES OF THE STUDY

The following hypotheses are formulated for the present study:

1. High School Students have above the average level of attitude towards schooling.

2. Truant students have below the average level of attitude towards schooling.

3. Non-truant students have above the average level of attitude towards schooling.

4. High School Students have above the average level of achievement.

5. Truant students have below the average level of achievement.

6. Non-truant students have above the average level of achievement.

7. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among truant

students in terms of sex.

8. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among truant

students in terms of school kind.

9.

There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among truant

students in terms of school locality.

10. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among truant

students in terms of medium of instruction.

11. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among truant

students in terms of school management.

12. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among truant

students in terms of intimate friends.

13. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among truant

students in terms of parents employment.

14. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among non-

truant students in terms of sex.

15. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among non-

truant students in terms of school kind.

16. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among non-

truant students in terms of school locality.

17. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among non-

truant students in terms of medium of instruction.

18. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among non-

truant students in terms of school management.

19. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among non-

truant students in terms of intimate friends.

20. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among non-

truant students in terms of parents employment.

21. There is a significant positive relationship between Attitude towards schooling

and achievement among the students.

22. There is a significant negative relationship between Attitude towards schooling

and achievement among the truant students.

23. There is a significant positive relationship between Attitude towards schooling

and achievement among the non-truant students.

METHODOLOGY- IN BRIEF

Design

: Descriptive

Method

: Normative

Technique

: Survey

SAMPLE

A sample of 300 students studying in high schools in Madurai District served as the subjects of the study. TOOLS USED

A) Personal Information Schedule

B) Scale on Attitude towards schooling (Constructed and Standardized by Sukumaran, S., (2010))

STATISTICAL TREATMENT

1. “t” test between the large independent samples.

2. Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation

HYPOTHESES VERIFICATION

1. High

School

Students

have

schooling. Accepted.

above

the

average

level

of

attitude

towards

2. Truant students have below the average level of attitude towards schooling.

Accepted.

3. Non-truant students have above the average level of attitude towards schooling.

Accepted.

4.

High School Students have above the average level of achievement. Accepted.

5. Truant students have below the average level of achievement. Rejected.

6. Non-truant students have above the average level of achievement. Accepted.

7. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among truant

students in terms of sex. Rejected.

8. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among truant

students in terms of school kind. Accepted.

9. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among truant

students in terms of school locality. Rejected.

10. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among truant

students in terms of medium of instruction. Accepted.

11. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among truant

students in terms of school management. Rejected.

12. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among truant

students in terms of intimate friends. Accepted.

13. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among truant

students in terms of parents employment. Rejected.

14. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among non-

truant students in terms of sex. Accepted.

15. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among non-

truant students in terms of school kind. Accepted.

16. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among non-

truant students in terms of school locality. Rejected.

17. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among non-

truant students in terms of medium of instruction. Accepted.

18. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among non-

truant students in terms of school management. Accepted.

19. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among non-

truant students in terms of intimate friends. Rejected.

20. There is a significant difference in the attitude towards schooling among non-

truant students in terms of parents employment. Accepted.

21. There is a significant positive relationship between Attitude towards schooling

and achievement among the students. Accepted.

22. There is a significant negative relationship between Attitude towards schooling

and achievement among the truant students. Accepted.

23. There is a significant positive relationship between Attitude towards schooling

and achievement among the non-truant students. Accepted.

CONCLUSIONS

1. Attitude towards schooling among the students is above the average level.

2. Attitude towards schooling among the truant students is below the average level.

3. Attitude towards schooling among the non-truant students is above the average

level.

4. Attitude towards schooling of the truant students is dependent upon

a. School kind

b. Medium of instruction

c. Intimate friends

5. Attitude towards schooling of the truant students is independent upon

a. Sex

b. School locality

c. School management

d.

Parents employment

6. Attitude towards schooling of the truant students in favour of the students

a. Who are studying in unisex schools

b. Who are studying in Tamil medium schools

c. Who are having many friends

7. Attitude towards schooling of the non-truant students is dependent upon

a. School kind

b. Medium of instruction

c. School Management

d. Parents employment

8. Attitude towards schooling of the truant students is independent upon

a. Sex

b. School locality

c. Intimate friends

9. Attitude towards schooling of the truant students in favour of the students

a. Who are studying in unisex schools

b. Who are studying in Tamil medium schools

c. Who has single parent employed

10. Achievement among the students is above the average level.

11. Achievement among the truant students is below the average level.

12. Achievement among the non-truant students is above the average level.

13. There is a significant positive relationship between attitude towards schooling

and achievement of students.

14. There is a significant negative relationship between attitude towards schooling

and achievement of truant students.

15. There is a significant positive relationship between attitude towards schooling

and achievement of non-truant students.

EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS

Attitude towards schooling plays a vital role in the students’ achievement. One who

has high Attitude towards schooling get more achievement than one who has low level

of attitude towards schooling as well as truant and non-truant students In this study

reveals that the truant students, who are studying in unisex schools, who have many

intimate friends, who studying in Tamil medium schools, who have home in rural areas

and who attend school regularly have favourable attitude towards school than their

counterparts.

Non-truant students, who are studying in unisex schools, who are studying in Tamil

medium schools, who has single parent employed have favourable attitude towards

schooling than their counterparts.

This study also reveals that the students, who are attending school regularly have

more achievement than their counterparts. Hence they should be facilitated through

proper

training

achievement.

for

developing

their

favourable

Attitude

towards

schooling

and

SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH

The present study has enormous scope for the following further studies.

1. The replica of the present study with the other type of schools.

2. The replica of the present study with the other variables

3. The replica of the present study with the college teachers.

4. The replica of the present study with the other districts.