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SECTION A [15 MARKS]

Answers all questions in this section.


1. An element X has valence electron configuration ns2np5 and a melting point of -7 0C.AgX does not
dissolve in aqueous ammonia and is used in black and white photography. Element X is most probably
A. Fluorine
B. Chlorine
C. Bromine
D. Iodine
2. Copper (I) sulphide is a component of chalcocite ore which is one of the sources of copper metal. In
which orbitals are valence electrons of copper (I) ion and sulphide ion found?
[ Proton numbers of S and Cu are 16 and 29 respectively]
Copper
(I)
ion
A. 3d
B. 3d
C. 4s
D. 4s , 3d

Sulphide ion
3p
3s,3p
3p
3s,3p

3. A graph of second ionization energies of eight elements in the Periodic Table is shown below.

Which statement about the elements is not true?


A. Element W is in Group 1 of the Periodic Table
B. Y+ ion has fully filled orbitals.
C. The second ionization energy increases from S to V due to the increases in effective nuclear
charge
D. The elements are in the same period of the Periodic Table
4. A current of 1.00A is passed through a 1.00 mol dm-3 aqueous solution of zinc nitrate for 20.0 minutes.
What is the volume of gas collected at the anode at room temperature?
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[Faraday constant is 9.65x104 Cmol-1; 1 mole of gas occupies 24.4 dm3 at room temperature]
A. 19.0cm3
B. 37.9 cm3
C. 75.9 cm3
D. 98.1 cm3
5. The standard enthalpy changes,H for several reactions are shown below.
Reaction

Ho/Kj

H2(g) + O2(g) H2O (l)


CH3CH3 (g) + 7/2 O2 (g) 2CO2 (g) + 3 H2O (l)
CH CH (g) + 5/2 O (g) 2CO (g) + H O (l)

-286
-1560
-1299

CH2 CH2 (g) + H2 (g) CH3CH3 (g)

-157

The value of the enthalpy change for the reaction CH CH (g) + H2 (g) CH2 CH2 (g) is
A.
B.
C.
D.

-132 kJ
-154kJ
-468kJ
-3302kJ

6. The cell diagram for an electrochemical cell is shown below.


Pt (s) |Fe2+ (aq),Fe3+(aq)||Ag+ (aq)|Ag (s)
The e.m.f of the cell is 0.03V under standard conditions and is 0 V at equilibrium. Which statement
about the cell is not true?
A. The mass of the cathode increases at equilibrium
B. There is no net transfer of electrons at equilibrium
C. The equilibrium constant at 25 oC is 3.22 dm3 mol-1
D. The e.m.f of the cell increases when NaCl is added to Ag+(aq) /Ag (s) half cell
7. A mass of 2.0 g of silver is deposited when a quantity of electric current passes through an aqueous
solution of silver nitrate. If the same quantity of electricity is used in the anodisation of an aluminium
object,what is the maximum increase in the mass of the object?
[Relative atomic mass of O is 16.0, Al is 27.0 and Ag is 108.0]
A. 0.049g
B. 0.12g
C. 0.15g
D. 0.47g
8. One of the alloys used in a dental filling is Ag 3Sn. The standard reduction potentials of Al3+(aq) / Al (s)
and Sn2+(aq)/Ag3Sn (s) half cells are -1.66V and -0.05V respectively. Which statement is true when a
piece of aluminium comes into contact with the dental filling?
A. The Ecell value of the electrochemical cell created is +1.61V.
B. The electrons flow from the dental filling to aluminium.
C. The aluminium metal acts as the cathode.
D. The Sn 2+ ion is produced.
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9. Which compound has the highest lattice energy?


A. Na2O
B. NaCl
C. MgO
D. MgCl2
10. Which statement best explains why the thermal stability of the carbonates of Group 2 metals of the
Periodic Table increases going down the group?
A. The polarisation power of the metal ion towards the CO32- ion decreases.
B. The strength of ionic bond in the metal carbonate increases.
C. The radius of the metal ion increases.
D. The electronegativity of the metal decreases.
11. Which statement about the chlorides of the Group 14 elements is correct?
A. CCl4,SiCl4 and GeCl4 are covalent, whereas SnCl4 and PbCl4 are ionic.
B. All except CCl4, dissolve in water to form an acidic solution.
C. All the tetrachlorides decompose to form the dichlorides when heated.
D. All can be prepared by heating the elements directly with chlorine.
12. Which tetrachloride is the most unstable towards heat?
A. CCl4
B. GeCl4
C. SnCl4
D. PbCl4
13. Which statement about halogens(Cl2,Br2 and I2) is true?
A. The oxidising power increases in the order : Cl2 < Br2< I2
B. The reactivity of the elements with hydrogen increases in order: I2 < Br2< Cl2
C. All the halogens, except Cl2 , can exhibit variable oxidation states in their compounds.
D. All the halogens can oxidize sodium thiosulphate (Na2S2O3)) to sodium sulphate
(Na2 SO4)
14. Chlorine reacts with aqueous sodium hydroxide according to the equation:
3Cl2 + 6 NaOH 5 NaCl + NaClO3 + 3 H2O
Which statement about the reaction is not true?
A. Chlorine undergoes disproportion.
B. The reaction requires heat.
C. The oxidation state of chlorine changes from 0 to -1 and +5.
D. Chlorine acts as an oxidizing agent.
15. Which of the following explains why transition elements formed coloured ions?
A. Incompletely filled 3d subshell
B. Ability to form complex ions
C. Ability to act as catalysts
D. Variable oxidation states
SECTION B [15 MARKS]
Answer all questions in this section.
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16 (a) A diaphragm cell used in the commercial electrolytic production of chlorine and sodium hydroxide is
shown below.

b)

(i)

The ionic equation for the reaction at the anode is


2Cl- Cl2 + 2eWrite an ionic equation for the reaction at the cathode.
_________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

(ii)

Why is the porous asbestos diaphragm used in this cell?


_________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

(iii)

Explain why the level of brine in the anode compartment is made higher.
_________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
The chlorine gas is collected separately from sodium hydroxide that is formed at the cathode
compartment to prevent a reaction that will occur. Write a balanced equation for the reaction that occurs
when chlorine and sodium hydroxide react at room conditions.
________________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

c)

In an electrolytic experiment using the diaphragm cell,1.0 mol of hydrogen gas is


produced. Calculate the mass of chlorine gas that is produced in the same experiment.

(3 marks)

17. Each of three elements X,Y and Z is one of the Period 3 elements-Na, Mg ,Al, Si or P.
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a)

The oxide of element X has high melting point and reacts readily with water.
(i) Identify element X.
________________________________________________________________________ (1 marks)
(ii) Write an equation for the reaction of the oxide of X with water.
________________________________________________________________________ (1 marks)

b)

The oxide of element Y is amphoteric and has very high melting point.
(i) Identify element Y.
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________ (1 marks)
(ii) Write equations to illustrate the amphoteric properties of the oxide of Y.
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

c)

(2 marks)

The oxide of element Z has very high melting point. This oxide is an acidic oxide that is insoluble in
water.
(i) Identify element Z.
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

(1 marks)

(ii) What can you deduce about the structure of the oxide of Z?
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

(1 marks)

(ii) Write an equation to illustrate the acidic nature of the oxide of Z.


________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

(1 marks)

SECTION C :[30MARKS]
Answer any TWO questions in this section.
18 a) The standard enthalpy change of reactions for carbon and lead are as follows:
(g) + CO2(g) 2CO (g)
ACSC/NH
172 kJ mol

H=+

-1

Pb(s) + PbO2(s) 2PbO(s)

H=- 159 kJ

Using the respective values of Hfor the above reactions,explain the relative stability of the oxidation
states of the elements in Group 14 of the Periodic Table.
(4 marks)
b) The Group 14 elements form tetrachlorides MCl4. Discuss the hydrolysis of the
tetrachlorides of the Group 14 elements.
(6 marks)
c) The halogens react with hydrogen to form their respective hydrogen halides.
(i) State the variation of reactivities of the halogens with hydrogen.
(ii) The table below shows the bond energies of the hydrogen halides.
Hydrogen
Halide
Bond
energy(kJmol-1)

( 1marks)

HF

HCl

HBr

HI

+562

+431

+366

+299

Explain the thermal stabilities of the hydrogen halides based on bond energy.
(4marks)
19.a) Glucose, C6H12O6 is a monosaccharide that provides energy in our body. The standard
enthalpy of formation of carbon dioxide, water and glucose are -393.5kJ mol-1,-285.55kJ
mol-1 and -1262.85kJ mol-1 respectively.
i.
Define standard enthalpy of combustion of glucose.
(1marks)
ii.
Draw a labelled energy level diagram related to the enthalpies given above and calculate the
standard enthalpy of combustion of glucose.
(8marks)
b)When 0.0250 mol benzoic acid is burned completely in a bomb calorimeter, the
temperature of the water in the calorimeter increases by 14.4C. Complete combustion of
0.0340 mol 1-propanol in the same bomb calorimeter causes a temperature increase of
12.2C. Calculate:
i.
ii.

The heat capacity of the bomb calorimeter.


(3marks)
The standard enthalpy change of combustion of 1-propanol
(3marks)
-1
[Standard enthalpy of combustion of benzoic acid is -3230.05kJ mol ]

20. Lithium, sodium and potassium are elements in Group 1 of the Periodic Table.
a) Explain the ionisation energy trend for lithium, sodium and potassium when going down Group 1.
(5marks)
b) Lithium and sodium burned in oxygen to form products of oxide.
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i.

By writing balanced chemical equations, name the oxides formed from the reaction of and
compare the reactivity of lithium and sodium with oxygen.
(6marks)

ii.

Oxide of lithium and sodium when dissolved in water, formed colourless solutions that
turned purple on universal indicator. Explain these observations.
(4marks)

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