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Polish Army selected TOEs 1993-2000

v.1.0 September 11, 2004

Marcin Jastrzebski.

Polish Army was for a long time under the influence of soviet military doctrine which one of examples is also TO&E’s. Polish TO&E’s are similar to standard Russian units but sometimes there are some differences. Polish units are often weaker and less equipped than comparative soviet troops.

In the 1989 Polish Army disbanded all Tank Regiments in Divisions and all Mech. Regiments had the same structure (2x mech. bat., 2x tank bat., AD bat., art. bat.)

The 1993 is the beginning of recreating units near the east border. It wasn’t a regiment TOE but brigade TOE. Until 1996 almost all polish Divisions had brigade level structure. In the 1998 shortly before joining NATO it was established plan “Army 2012”. It was beginning of revolutionary changes in land forces OOB (big reduction of units) and also in TO&E’s (which really changed in years 2000-2002).

This TO&E doesn’t present a lot of changes during 1993 to 2000 because it is almost impossible to follow it (for example signal equipment in 1993 was completely different from year 2000 radio relays). This TO&E shows only the most common variants of equipment and number of soldiers which can be different especially in older equipped units.

Special Forces

Group of Operational – Mobile Reaction, GROM, (Thunder in polish) Rembertów near Warsaw, counter terrorist unit (established in 1992, firstly in the Ministry of Interior not in the Ministry of Defense) 280-300 operators + support troops Its structure is secret but some sources tells a lot of this unit. Probably structure is:

HQ 3 special squadrons of 90-100 men (4 men basic troops) with western armament and equipment (M-4, SIG 550, G 36 rifles etc) Every of this sqd’s has their own specialization (like in british SAS which soldiers together with Delta Force instructed members of this unit): “blue” - amphibious, “green” – land military operations, “black” – counter terrorist. Support wing (signal, intel, logistic etc. units) 1 special commando regiment (1PSK), Lubliniec (established in 1994, It has been three special forces coys in military districts and one special forces battalion in Lubliniec before) About 1000 men HQ Signal company 2x special bat. and one LRRP bat. with the same structure: 1 -HQ -3x special coy’s:

HQ 2 men

1 Firstly there was one special battalion and one LRRP battalion

3x SF platoon of 18 men 3x SF team of 6 men, 1 Uaz 469/Tarpan Honker utility truck, (commander with AKMS kalashnikov assault rifle (AR), scout AKMs with silencer/ sniper SWD sniper rifle, grenadier AKM with mod. 74 Pallad M 40 mm grenade launcher, scout/RATELO AKMS with NV sight, machine gunner PKM MG, driver PM 63 RAK/PM 84 P SMG and RPG7DN ATW with NV sight; 3 VHF radio’s, 1 GPS, 6 P 83/WIST 94/L pistols Swimmers coy, 56 divers with the same structure like other special coy’s Supply coy Maint. coy Medical coy Special Divers Unit of polish Navy called Formoza, Gdynia-Oksywie 40 men HQ and 6x6 men teams (in the beginning of the ninethies there was only four teams)

Armored and Mechanized units TOE’s

Armored Division HQ Command battalion 2xArm. Cav. Brig. Mech. Brig. Recon. bat. Art. Reg. AD Reg. Eng. bat. Maint. bat. Supply bat. Med. bat. Mechanized Division HQ Command battalion Arm. Cav. Brig. 2x Mech. Brig. Recon. bat. Antitank Reg. (not in all, for TO&E see artillery units) Art. Reg. AD Reg. Eng. bat. Maint. bat. Supply bat. Med. bat. COMMAND BATTALION (DIVISIONAL) HQ 2x Signal coy

- HQ 3 men, 1 utility truck

- radio pltn about 20 men, 2 R137T VHF medium power mobile radio stations, 2 R140M HF medium power mobile radio station, , 1 utility truck

- Command vehicles pltn about 45 men 2 MP25/26 ACV, 7 command vans

ADK11/WD95

- long range signal pltn (also teletransmission and comutation) about 10 men 1 radio relay veh. RWŁC10 AT (with 3 Erricson RL432 radio relays) 1 medium truck (radio

relay sec. and wire sec.). In the present time this pltn consists of about 25 men 3 RWŁC10AT, 1 RWŁC10AK (comutation) veh. and 1 medium truck 2 ; Radio Relay coy

- HQ 3 men, 1 utility truck,

- Teletransmission and comutation pltn about 12 men 3 RWŁC10AK (comutation) vehicles

- 2x Radio Relay pltn 12 men 3 radio relay veh. RWŁC10AT (with 3 Erricson RL432 radio relays);

- wire pltn about 30 men, 5 medium trucks (5xwire squads);

Field military mail troop (mail expedition sec. of main and second divisional command post., mail courses squad);

Supply coy; Maint. coy; Medical coy. Security and traffic regulation coy (MP) 128 men, 15 utility trucks

- HQ 4 men, 3 SMG’s, 1 AK, 1 RPG7 1 utility truck;

- 4 x Security and traffic regulation pltn 28 men, 3 utility trucks (leader with PM84P SMG, 3 squads of 9 men with 21 AK assault rifles, 2 AK with under barrel grenade launcher Mod. 74, 2 RPG7, 1 PKM MG, 1 SVD sniper rifle);

- AD pltn 12 men, 6x SA7 MANPADS, 2 utility trucks.

RECON BAT. 338 men, 3 BRM1K, 7 BMP1, 12 BRDM2, 4 NRS1, 3 R363, 9 util. trucks, 2 signal trucks, 8 command van trucks, 5 maint. van trucks, 1 ambulance, 12 medium trucks, 1 ambulance, 1 van hospital truck, 18 quads. HQ 9 men, 1 (?) util. truck signal pltn 21 men, 3 command vans, 2 signal cars (radio stations), 1 utility car; recon coy (tracked) consists of 74 men, 3 BRM1K, 7 BMP1

- HQ 5 men 1 BMP1

- 3x recon pltns (23 men, 1 BRM1K, 2 BMP1).

recon coy (wheeled) consists of 63 or 65 men, 12 BRDM2

- HQ 3-5 men, 1 WD43 (UAZ)command utility truck

- 3x recon pltn (20 men, 4 BRDM2)

Special recon coy 36 men 7 utility cars

- HQ 6 men, 1 utility car

- 6x special recon groups (6men, 1 utility truck)

or from the middle of the nineties special recon coy consists of 60 men, 7 util. trucks, 18 quads

- HQ 6 men, 1 util. truck

- 3x spec. recon pltns of 18 men, 2 util. trucks, 6 Honda TRX 3000 quads.

Radar/radio recon coy consists of 56 men, 1 util. truck, 4 NRS1, 3 R363, 5 command vans

- HQ about 9 men, 1 command van, 1 util. truck;

- radar recon pltn, about 20 men, 4 NRS1 radar intercept/direction finder Pole Dish on the truck; 1 command van

- 3x radio recon pltns about 9 men, 1 radio intercept R363 on truck, 1 van command supply pltn 28 men 12 (? maybe more) medium trucks, 2 trailers/kitchen maint. pltn 21 men, 5 van maint. medical pltn 8 men, 1 ambulance

2 In the majority of the units in the nineties were used older radio relays and other signal equipment, for example ATfTI, AtgS, RWŁ1M,R-405.

MIXED ARTILLERY REGIMENT HQ HQ coy artillery recon coy

152 mm artillery battalion with 18 towed D1 howitzers/ML20 guns or SP Dana Mod. 77

3x 122 mm artillery battalions with 18 towed D30 howitzers or SP 2S1

122 mm MRL’s battalion with 18 BM21

supply coy maint. coy Medical coy AIR DEFENSE REGIMENT 3 HQ HQ coy (HQ, HQ pltn, Signal pltn, security pltn) 1 OT65 R6/ BTR-60 (PU-12) ACV, 1 Utility Truck, 4 Medium Trucks, 2 Command Vans, 4 Signal Vans, 1 Kitchen Trailer Early warning battery (HQ, target acquisition pltn, recon pltn, supply and service pltn) 1 Van Radar Height Finding THIN SKIN, 2 Target Acquisition Radar Vehicle LONG TRACK or 2 polish N21/N22 3D radars, 3 Utility Trucks, 1 Medium Truck, 1 Van with Computer, 1 Trailer with Kitchen 4x Air defense missiles battery’s

HQ

sqd about 6 men, 1 Fire Contol Radar Vehicle (SA6) or ACV, BTR-60 (PU-

12)/ OT65R6 (SA8)

2x fire pltn with about 10 men, 2 SA6 Gainful/SA8 Gecko missiles veh and 1 missle truck

technical sqd about 8 men, 1 utility truck, 1 technical truck

supply sqd about 5 men, 2 medium trucks, 1 van kitchen Air Defense Artillery Battalion

HQ

Target Acquisition Battery with 3 Utility Trucks, 2 Radar Aerial Surveillance/Target Acquisition FLAT FACE Vans, 1 Signal Van,

4x Air Defense Battery’s (HQ, Fire control center, 2x air defense pltn’s) 6 57

mm AA S-60Gun, 1 Utility Command Truck WD43, 7 Medium Trucks, 1 Van

with Fire Control FLAP WHEEL Radar and the PUAZO-8 fire control with optical rangefinder or older FIRE CAN fire control radar and the PUAZO-6 fire control director with an optical rangefinder.

Supply pltn

Maint. pltn

Medical pltn

Technical missle battery (missile preparation pltn, missile testing pltn, missile transport and resuply pltn) 1 Utility Truck, 4 Light Trucks, 4 Medium Trucks, 2 Crane Trucks, 5 Missile Testing Van, 2 Kitchen Trailers, 1 Van Trailer and in the SA6 regiment SA-6 12 Canister Transporter(Tractor-Trailer), 4 SA-6 Missile Transloader (Medium Truck)

Supply Coy Maint. Coy Medical Coy ENGINEER BATTALION HQ Signal pltn 1 OT 65 R3 ACV, 2 utility trucks (1 command WD43), 1 medium truck

3 In some regiments, for example 1 Air defense regiment there was only 24 S60 guns. In the nineties there were 4 SA8 regiments and 6 SA6 regiments.

Engineer coy 93 men, 1 utility truck, 3 OT 65 engineer APC,s, 6 medium trucks Mine warfare company (HQ, 2x Minlayer pltn’s, Mineclearing pltn) about 60 men, 1 utility truck, 6 trucks with PMR 6 minelayers, 3 OT65/MTLB TRI with 3 mineclearing ŁWD trailers. Engineers Machines Coy (HQ, construction pltn, heavy equip. pltn, special skills pltn, recon diving pltn, amphibious pltn, water purification sqd) about 90 men, 1 utility truck, 15 medium trucks, 1 truck crane shovel, 1 truck crane, 1 dump truck, 1 medium truck with water purification filter, 2 BTM 3 ditching machines (multi-bucket excavator) , 2 MDK 2M ditching machines (cutter excavator), 2 BAT M route clearing vehicles; 1-4 SŁ34 loader-dozer, 0-3 DZ 27S bulldozer, 6 PTS/PTSM tracked amphibians, some assault boats ŁD and pneumatic boats Road Bridge Construction Coy 1 utility truck, 6 BLG 67 T-55 tank bridges, 6 SMT 1 truck bridges 2 dump trucks, 2 trucks crane shovel, 2 BAT M route clearing vehicles, 1-2 SŁ 34 dozer loader, 3 medium trucks, 1 trailer frame sawing machine GTK 60 Pontoon Bridge Coy 129 men, 54 medium trucks with pontoons (PP 64 pontoon bridge), 6 heavy trucks with 6 KH 200 powerboats Supply pltn Maint. pltn. Medical pltn Mech./Arm. Cav. Brigade (1993 year is the beginning of transforming mech. regiments of divisions into brigades) about 3550 men in Mech. Brig. HQ command battalion (firstly their companies was independent in Brigade)

3

or 1 mech. battalion

3

or 1 tank battalion

SP artillery battalion AD battalion AT battalion mot. battalion (mobilized unit, with the same TO&E like mech. bat. but on the trucks) logistic battalion (firstly their companies was independent in Brigade)

HQ About 60-65 men. COMMAND BATTALION about 270-290 men HQ Signal coy about 110-120 men

- HQ 2 men, 1 utility truck

- radio pltn about 40-50 men, 1 R137T VHF medium power mobile radio station, 2 BMP1KSh/MP21/OT65R2 ACV’s, 5 command vans AS2/AS250, 1 utility truck, 1 light truck (radio sec., RATELO sec., command veh. crew sec., command-staff veh. sec.); in Sep. Arm/Mech. Brig. there are also 2 R140M HF medium power mobile radio stations with extra 8 men crew

- long range signal pltn (also teletransmission and comutation) about 10 men 1 radio relay veh. RWŁC10 AT (with 3 Erricson RL432 radio relays) 1 medium truck (radio relay sec. and wire sec.). In the present time this pltn consists of about 25 men 3 RWŁC10AT, 1 RWŁC10AK (comutation) veh. and 1 medium truck ;

- wire pltn about 30 men, 5 medium trucks (5xwire squads);

- Field military mail troop (mail expedition sec., 2xmail courses squad) Security and traffic regulation coy (MP) 88 men, 9 utility trucks

- HQ 4 men, 3 SMG’s, 1 AK, 1 RPG7 1 utility truck;

-

3

x Security and traffic regulation pltn 28 men, 3 utility trucks (leader with PM84P

SMG, 3 squads of 9 men with 21 AK assault rifles, 2 AK with under barrel grenade launcher Mod. 74, 2 RPG7, 1 PKM MG, 1 SVD sniper rifle). Chemical defense platoon 26-32 men, 4 BRDM2 RKh/RKhM, UAZ469RKh analyzing contamin. veh., 3 decon. trucks IRS2 or 2 WUS decon trucks (with TS11 Iskra jet engine) and 4 decon. trucks IRS2 (4xNBC recon squads, analyzing contamin. squad, decon. squad). Supply pltn 16 men, 1 utility truck, 9 medium trucks (1 POL 4500 l, 1 water 3000 l), 1 trailer power plant, 1 water filter, 2 trailers - kitchen (HQ, mess squad, transport squad) Maint. pltn 12 men, 3 van maint. trucks. Medical pltn 8 men (1 off. – doctor), 1 ambulance.

RECON COY 63 men,1 utility command truck, 12 BRDM2 armd scout cars

- HQ 3 men, 1 utility command truck;

- 3xrecon pltn of 20 men and 4 BRDM2 armd scout cars.

ENGINEER COY about 135 -145 men, 3 utility trucks, 5-11 medium trucks, 3-9 OT65/MTLB MORS Eng. APC’s, 1 MTLB TRI AERV, 3 PWR mine layers, 5 SŁ 34 dozer loaders, 3 truck crane shovel K407C or K-40, 2-3 truck crane R101 or ŻSU, 2 BAT M route clearing machine, 2-4 tank launched bridges BLG67M, 2-4 truck launched bridges SMT 4

- HQ 4 men, 1 utility command car

- 2xeng. pltn 29 men, 3 medium trucks or OT65/MTLB MORS Eng. APC’s, sometimes (HQ, 3xeng, squads); 5

- eng recon squad 7 men 1 MTLB TRI AERV;

- mine warfare pltn 18 men, 3 medium trucks or OT65 Eng. APC’s, 3 PWR mine layers

- eng machine pltn (or technical pltn) 16 men, 4 SŁ 34 dozer loaders, 2 truck crane shovel K407C or K-40, 1 truck crane R101 or ŻSU, 2 medium trucks, 1 utility truck, 1 water filter trailer, 1 electric gen. trailer (HQ, technical squad, eng machines squad, water purification squad, power plant squad);

- Road Bridge pltn 23-33 men 2 BAT M route clearing machine/MID eng tank, 1 SŁ 34 dozer loader, 1 truck crane shovel K407C or K-40, 2 dump trucks, 1-2 truck crane R101 or ŻSU, 2-4 tank launched bridges BLG67M, 2-4 truck launched bridges SMT,

1 utility truck

- Maint. squad 4 men, 1 maint. van.

- Supply squad about 5 men, 2 trucks, 1 kitchen.

MECHANIZED BATTALION 451 men, 30 IFV’s, 6 mortars, 1-2 comm

3 amb., 1 ARV, 2 van maint., 1 van hospital.

HQ 10 men (Commander, deputy comm

operational off., quartermaster (logistic) off., 2 NCO’s (technical and supply specialists), 1 personal NCO. 1 utility truck (?). Signal platoon about 20 men (1off.) 3-4 R107M manpack VHF radios, 1 light/medium truck, 1-2 command APC SKOT (OT-65 R2M)/ MP 25, 1-2 WD43 command utility truck (HQ,

command veh

3x mechanized coy 99 men (4 off.) 4 R107M manpack VHF radios 10 BMP 1 (BWP 1 in Poland) IFV’s, 1 medium truck, 9 PK/PKM MG’s (3 with NV sights), 9 RPG 7 ATW(3 with

APC’s, 3-4 utility trucks, 36 light/medium trucks,

,

chief of staff, personal officer, line (operational) off., 2 nd

crew squad , RATELO squad, wire squad.)

4 In the Armd Cav. Brig. Eng. Coy there are both eng. pltns on the APC’s and often minlayers on APC’s; there are also 4 tank bridgelayers and 4 truck bridgelayers and also 3 cranes. In Mech. Brig. Eng. Coy there is less number of equipment.

5 in the Armd. Cav. Brig. 2x pltn’s on APC’s; in the Mech. Brig. first pltn on APC’s, second on trucks

NV sights), 3 SVD sniper rifles, 9 AKM assault rifle with 40 mm under-barrel gren. Launcher Pallad mod. 74 each

-

, men IFV crew) 1 BMP 1, 1 medium truck;

HQ 9 men (commander, deputy comm

logistic off., first seargant, medic, driver, 3

- 3x mech. pltn of 30 men with HQ (Pltn leader , asst pltn leader, sniper) and 3x mech squad 9 men each and 1 BMP. Mortar battery ( support company) 65 men (3 off.), 4 R107M manpack VHF radios, 6 82mm/120mm mortars, 1 util. truck, 7 medium trucks,

- HQ 3 men:

- FO/ command squad 6 men

- Transport squad 8 men, 1 utility truck, 7 medium trucks

- 2x mortar pltn 24 men, 6 mortars, 1 PK/PKM MG, 1 RPG7 ATW each

Supply pltn 35 men, 1R107M manpack VHF radio, 25 medium trucks (2 POL 4500 l, 2 water) 3 trailers kitchen, 2 trailers POL, 1 trailer water, 1 cargo trailer, 1 electric generator trailer, water filters, 3 water tankers etc.(HQ, mess squad, 2x transport squads)

Maint. pltn 11 men, 1R107M manpack VHF radio, 1 Arm. Recov. Veh. WPT (MTLB chasis), 2 van maint. Medical pltn 13 men (2 off. – doctors),1 R107M manpack VHF radio, 3 ambulances, sometimes 1 van hospital. MOTORISED BATTALION (mobilised) about 450 men HQ 10 men

(Commander, deputy comm

operational off., quartermaster (logistic) off., 2 NCO’s (technical and supply specialists), 1 personal NCO. 1 utility truck (?). Signal platoon about 18 men (1off), 5 R107M manpack VHF radios, 1 light truck,, 2

command utility trucks (HQ, command veh

3x Motorised coy 96 men (4 off.), 9 PK/PKM MG’s (3 with NV sights), 9 RPG 7 ATW(3 with NV sights), 3 SVD sniper rifles, 9 AKM assault rifle with 40 mm under-barrel gren. Launcher Pallad mod. 74 each

,

chief of staff, personal officer, line (operational) off., 2 nd

crew squad , RATELO squad, wire squad.)

- HQ 6 men (commander, deputy comm

gunner, driver)1 utility truck;

,

logistic off., first seargant, medic, ATW

- 3x mech. pltn of 30 men with HQ (Pltn leader , asst pltn leader, sniper) and 3x mech squad 9 men each and 1 medium truck, 1(?) utility truck in pltn;.

Support company 78 men (3 off.), 6 82mm/120mm mortars, 1 util. truck, 8 medium trucks, 4 AT3/AT4 ATGW

- HQ 3 men:

- FO/ command squad 6 men

- Transport squad 8 men, 1 utility truck, 7 medium trucks

- 2x Mortar pltn 24 men, 6 mortars, 1 PK/PKM MG, 6 RPG7 ATW each

- Antitank pltn 13 men, 4 ATGW AT3/AT4

Supply pltn (HQ, mess squad, 2x transport squads) Maint. pltn 12 men, 2 van maint, 1 medium truck for spare parts. Medical pltn 13 men (2 off. – doctors), 3 ambulances. TANK BATTALION 191 men (224 in T55 tank bat.), 1 command APC, 1 utility trucks, 32 light/medium trucks, 1 ARV WZT2/3 HQ 9 men

, quartermaster (logistic) off., 2 NCO’s (technical and food supply specialists), 1 personal- evidential NCO. 1 utility truck. Signal platoon 18 men (1off.), 1 light truck (wire), 1 command APC SKOT (OT-65 R2M)/

MP 25, 2 command utility trucks WD43 (HQ, command veh

wire squad.) 3x tank coy 36 men, 10 T72/PT91 “Hard” tanks, 1 medium truck (HQ commander and 2 men tank crew, first seargant, vehicle-truck and armament service technician, electromechanic, medic and 3xpltn of 3 tanks and 9 men) 6

Supply pltn 35 men, 25 medium trucks (3 POL 4500 l, 1 water ) 2 trailers kitchen, 3 trailers POL, 1 trailer water, 1 cargo trailer, 1 electric generator trailer, water filters, 3 water tankers etc.(HQ, mess squad, 2x transport squads) Maint. pltn 11 men, 1 Arm. Recov. Veh. WZT2/3 (T55/T72 chasis), 2 van maint., Medical pltn 8 men (1 off. – doctor), 1 ambulance, sometimes 1 van hospital. SP ARTILLERY BATTALION About 215 men, 18 2S1 122 mm SP howitzers HQ 10 men Command battery 50 (?)men

(Commander, deputy comm

chief of staff, personal officer, line (operational) off.,

crew squad, RATELO squad,

- HQ 3 men, 1 utility truck

- Signal platoon 18 men, 3 command vehicles (1 SKOT OT65 AP APC, 1 ADK11 van, 1 command utility trucks WD43), 1 medium truck;

- Topographic pltn/squad 4 (?) men, 1 utility truck (?);

- calculator section 1 utility truck

- FO pltn 24 (1 off. In first section) men, 4 utility trucks (4 sections of 6 men) or in the late nineties 48 men and 12 utility trucks (12 sections of for men). 3xSP artillery battery 35 men 2 utility trucks, 3 2S1 122 mm SP howitzers, 3 med. trucks

- Command pltn 8 men, 2 command utility trucks (WD43 UAZ 469 or ZWD99bat Honker);

- 2x firing pltn of 12 men, 3 2S1 122 mm SP howitzers;

- Transport sec. 3 men, 3 med. trucks.

Supply pltn 30 men, 19 medium trucks (2 POL 4500 l, 1 water ) 2 trailers kitchen, 2 trailers POL, 1 trailer water, 2 cargo trailers, 1 electric generator trailer, water filters, 3 water tankers etc.(HQ, mess squad, 1x transport squad).

Maint. pltn 11 men, 1 Arm. Recov. Veh. WPT (MTLB chasis), 1 van maint, 1 medium truck for spare parts. Medical pltn 8 men (1 off. – doctor), 1 ambulance. ANTITANK BATTALION About 220 men, 12 D44 85mm AT guns, 6 SP AT3 ATGW HQ 8 men Signal pltn 18 (?) men

- HQ 2 men (1off), 1 utility truck;

- Command veh

truck van (ADK 11/WD 95);

crew squad 7 men, 1Command APC BRDM2R2, 1 command staff

- Radio squad 3 men; 1 utility truck

- Wire squad 6 men, 1 light truck.

FO section 6 men, 1 utility truck 2xAT guns battery of 54-60 (?) men, 6 D44 85 mm AT guns, 1 utility truck, 7 medium trucks or 6 MTLB APC’s and 1 medium truck. 7

6 In the T55/T55AM tank bat. There is 43 men in tank coy (4 men tank crew instead of 3). This tanks was disbanded in Polish Army in 2001.

ATGW battery 28 men, 6 BRDM2 with AT3 Malutka launchers, 3 BRDM2R2 command vehicles, 2 medium trucks. Supply pltn 30 men, 19 medium trucks (2 POL 4500 l, 1 water ) 2 trailers kitchen, 2 trailers POL, 1 trailer water, 2 cargo trailers, 1 electric generator trailer, water filters, 3 water tankers etc.(HQ, mess squad, 1x transport squad). Maint. pltn 11 men, 1 Arm. Recov. Veh. WPT ( rather 1 st maint. van truck), 2 van maint, Medical pltn 8 men (1 off. – doctor), 1 ambulance. AD BATTALION About 240 men HQ Signal pltn about 15 men, 1 Command truck “Daniela”, 1 WD43 utility command truck, 1 medium truck Radar section 4-6 men, 1 N 21/22 radar AD battery 72 men, 8 ZU23-2/ZUR23-2S 2x23mm guns on trucks, 8 SA7/Grom MANPADS, 3 utility trucks (1 WD 43), 8 medium trucks. AD battery 42 men 4 ZSU23-4 4x23mm SP guns, 8 SA7/Grom MANPADS, 1 OT-65 R6 comm. veh., 2 utility trucks, 2 medium trucks; AD battery about 60 men, 4 S60 57mm AD guns, 8 SA7/Grom MANPADS, 3 utility trucks (1WD43), 1 radar trucks (1 SON9/A/1 PUAZO6), 4 medium trucks 8 Supply pltn 14 men, 9 medium trucks (1 POL 4500 l, 1 water 3000 l), 1 trailer power plant, 1 water filter, 2 trailers - kitchen (HQ, mess squad, transport squad). Maint. pltn 11 men, 1 WZT2 ARV, 2 van maint trucks. Medical pltn 8 men (1 off. – doctor), 1 ambulance.

SUPPLY COY HQ, 2-3 transport pltns, 1 POL transport pltn, maint. section, supply section. MAINT. COY About 99-125 men, 1 utility truck, 2-3 medium trucks, 18-24 maint. van trucks, 1 recovery truck, 4 WZT2/3/WPT ARV’s (HQ, Wheeled veh. repair pltn, Tracked veh. repair pltn, Wpn/Ord repair pltn, special maint. pltn, recovery pltn, supply section). MEDIC. COY 80-90 men, 1 utility truck, 9 ambulances, 9 medic. van trucks, 7 medium trucks(HQ, treatment sec., surgical pltn with 2 teams, internal medicine pltn with 2 teams, reciving room, medic. evacuation pltn, pharmacy sec., dental sec., laboratory, morgue (?), supply sec., maint. section) Air Assault Brigade HQ

6 command bat. 16 abn bat.

6, 10, 18 Air assault bat. 126 AD battery

5

AT battery

8

Logistic bat.

COMMAND BAT. HQ

6 signal coy (maybe the same TO&E like Ind. Arm/Mech. Brig.?)

7 Despite Poland were one of MTLB manufacturers there was a little number of this APC’s in polish army (there area lot of specialist vehicles on it’s chasis) so the 2 nd configuration seems to be very rare.

8 I show here three variants of AD battery strucure. This is typical Brigade AD bat. but it happends various configurations of these battery’s, for example 2xbattery’s of ZU 23 2 and 1 battery of ZSU 23 4/ or S60.

6 security and traffic regulation coy (MP) 77 men, 8 utility trucks

- HQ 4 men, 3 SMG’s, 1 AK, 1 RPG7 1 utility truck;

- 2 x Security and traffic regulation pltn 28 men, 3 utility trucks (leader with PM84P SMG, 3 squads of 9 men with 21 AK assault rifles, 2 AK with under barrel grenade launcher Mod. 74, 2 RPG7, 1 PKM MG, 1 SVD sniper rifle);

- AD pltn, 16 men, 8 SA7/Grom MANPADS, 2 utility trucks.

48

recon coy 56 men, 10 utility trucks

- HQ 2 men

- 3x SF platoon of 18 men

11

eng coy

- HQ

- Eng. pltn

- Eng. machines pltn

- Flame throwers pltn

- Divers pltn – 20 men

Chemical defense platoon 26 men, 5 UAZ469RKh recon/analyzing contamin. veh., 3 decon. trucks IRS2 (4xNBC recon squads, analyzing contamin. squad, decon. squad). supply pltn maint. pltn medic pltn

AIRBORNE / AIR ASSAULT BATTALION (this TOE was existing from 1989 to 1998-99) About 800 men / 700 men Staff 10 men HQ coy about 100 men

- HQ 2 men

- Security and traffic regulation pltn 28 men (leader with PM84P SMG, 3 squads of 9 men with 21 AK assault rifles, 2 AK with under barrel grenade launcher Mod. 74, 2 RPG7, 1 PKM MG, 1 SVD sniper rifle);

- Signal platoon 18 men, 1 utility truck, 2 RD115 (UAZ) command utility trucks, 1 light truck., 7 R107M UHF manpack radio (HQ, radio squad, wire squad, command vans crew squad) ,

- recon pltn 18 men (3 squads of 6 men, 1 Uaz 469/Tarpan Honker utility truck, (commander with AKMS kalashnikov assault rifle (AR), scout AKMs with silencer/ sniper SWD sniper rifle, grenadier AKM with mod. 74 Pallad M 40 mm grenade launcher, scout/RATELO AKMS with NV sight, machine gunner PKM MG, driver PM 63 RAK/PM 84 P SMG and RPG7DN ATW with NV sight; 3 VHF radio’s, 1 GPS 6 P 83/WIST 94/L pistols)

- Eng. pltn 29 men, 3 medium trucks, eng. tools and demolition sets,

- Supply pltn. 3x assault coy 130/106 men 9

- HQ 6 men (commander, deputy commander, logistic NCO, first sergeant, RATELO, ATW gunner)

- Antitank pltn 13 men, 3 SPG9D/DN recoilless guns, 1 medium truck,

- 3x assault pltn 37/29 men (HQ 2 men 1 SMG; 1 AK, 2-3x squads of 9 men, 1 SVD, 1 RPK/ LMG/MG, 1 RPG7 + SMG, 1 AK with grenade launcher, 5 AK’s; weapon squad of 9 men, 3 PKM MG’s, 2 RPG7 + SMG, 4 AK’s)

9 130 men in the abn. bat. with weapon squads in every assault platoon while the air assault bat. haven’t weapon squads

Mortar battery ( support company) 65 men (3 off.), 6 82mm/120mm mortars (automatic 2B9 Wasilok in 16 Abn bat., 120 mm 2B11 in 18 Air Assault bat. and 120 mm Mod. 1943/1985. in 10 Air assault bat., 8 util. trucks

- HQ 3 men:

- FO/ command squad 6 men

- Transport squad 8 men, 8 utility trucks

- 2x mortar pltn 24 men, 6 mortars, 1 PK/PKM MG, 6 RPG7 ATW each.

Antitank battery 35/41 men, 6 AT7 Saxhorn/AT4 Spigot ATGW, 3 SPG9D/DN recoilless guns, 6 light trucks

- HQ 2 men

- Transport Squad (6 men, 6 light trucks)

- Antitank guns pltn (13 men, 3 SPG9D/DN recoilless guns)

- 2xATGW pltn’s of 7/10 men, 3 AT7 Saxhorn/AT4 Spigot ATGW

Air defense battery 62 men, 4 ZU23-2/ZUR23-2S, 16 SA7/Grom MANPADS, 9 utility trucks

- HQ 4 men 1 utility command truck WD43

- AD artillery pltn 26 men 4 ZU23-2/ZUR23-2S 23mm double antiaircraft guns/23mm double antiaircraft guns with 2 SA7 missiles pods and 4 utility trucks

- 2xAD pltn’s of 16 men and 8 SA7/Grom MANPADS and 2 utility trucks Supply coy

- HQ

- 2x transport pltn’s

- mess pltn

- Cargo landing platoon (maybe only in abn bat. ?)

Maint. pltn/coy 10 Medical pltn 15 men, 1 hospital van, 4 ambulances.

Mountain Infantry Brigade about 4000 men HQ Command Battalion Eng. coy Recon coy 5x Mountain Infantry Battalion (1x Mech., 4X Motorised) AT Battalion Art. Battalion AD Art. Battalion Supply Coy Maint. Coy Medical Coy COMMAND BATTALION HQ Signal Coy Security and Traffic Regulation Coy Chemical defense platoon Supply pltn Maint. pltn Medical pltn

10 At the begining of nineties it was maint. coy, later it was reduced to pltn and probably maint. sections were added to other coys.

RECON COY 63 men,1 utility command truck, 12 BRDM2 armd scout cars

- HQ 3 men, 1 utility command truck;

- 3xrecon pltn of 20 men and 4 BRDM2 armd scout cars. MOUNTAIN INFANTRY BATTALION (MECH.) About 550 men, 30 IFV’s, 6 mortars, 4 ATGW

HQ 10 men

, operational off., quartermaster (logistic) off., 2 NCO’s (technical and supply specialists), 1 personal NCO. 1 utility truck, 1 light truck. Signal platoon about 21 men (1off.), 7 R-107 manpack UHF radios, 1 utility truck, 2-3 medium trucks, 1 command APC SKOT (OT-65 R2M), 1 command utility truck RD115

(Commander, deputy comm

chief of staff, personal officer, line (operational) off., 2 nd

(HQ, command veh

3x mechanized mountain inf. coy 98 men (4 off.) 10 BMP 1 (BWP 1 in Poland) IFV’s, 9 PK/PKM MG’s (3 with NV sights), 9 RPG 7 ATW(3 with NV sights), 3 SVD sniper rifles, 9 AKM assault rifle with 40 mm under-barrel gren. Launcher Pallad mod. 74 each

crew squad , RATELO squad, wire squad.)

- HQ 8 men (commander, deputy comm

gunner, 3 men IFV crew) 1 BMP 1;

,

logistic off., first seargant, medic, ATW

- 3x mech. pltn of 30 men with HQ (Pltn leader , asst pltn leader, sniper) and 3x mech squad 9 men each and 1 BMP.

Support Company 78 men (3 off.), 6 82mm mortars, 1 util. truck, 8 medium trucks

- HQ 3 men:

- FO/ command squad 6 men

- Transport squad 8 men, 1 utility truck, 7 medium trucks

- 2x mortar pltn 24 men, 6 mortars, 1 PK/PKM MG, 6 RPG7 ATW each

- Antitank pltn 13 men, 4 ATGW AT4;

AD battery 68 men, 8 ZU23-2/ZUR23-2S 2x23mm guns on trucks, 6 SA7/Grom

Special High Mountain pltn Supply pltn Maint. pltn 19 men, 1 Arm. Recov. Veh. WPT (MTLB chasis), 2 recovery trucks, 1 van maint, 1 medium truck for spare parts.

Medical pltn 13 men (2 off. – doctors), 3 ambulances. MOUNTAIN INFANTRY BATTALION (MOT.) About 570 men, 6 mortars, 9 SPG9 ATW HQ

Signal pltn about 18 men (1off.), 1 utility truck, 1-2 medium trucks, 2 command utility truck

RD115 (HQ, command veh

3x mechanized mountain inf. coy 109 men (4 off.) 10 Honker “Ryś”utility truck with 14,5

mm MMG, 1 medium truck, 9 PK/PKM MG’s (3 with NV sights), 9 RPG 7 ATW(3 with NV

sights), 3 SVD sniper rifles, 9 AKM assault rifle with 40 mm under-barrel gren. Launcher Pallad mod. 74, 3 SPG9 recoilless guns each

crew squad , RATELO squad, wire squad.)

- HQ 6 men (commander, deputy comm utility truck;

- 3x mech. pltn of 30 men with HQ (Pltn leader , asst pltn leader, sniper) and 3x mech squad 9 men and 1 Honker “Ryś” utility truck with 14,5 mm MMG each,

,

logistic off., first seargant, medic, driver)1

- Antitank guns pltn 13 men, 3 SPG9 recoilless guns, 1 medium truck Support Company 65 men (3 off.), 6 82mm mortars, 1 util. truck, 7 medium trucks

- HQ 3 men:

- FO/ command squad 6 men

- Transport squad 8 men, 1 utility truck, 7 medium trucks

- 2x mortar pltn 24 men, 6 mortars, 1 PK/PKM MG, 6 RPG7 ATW each

AD battery 68 men, 8 ZU23-2/ZUR23-2S 2x23mm guns on trucks, 6 SA7/Grom

Special High Mountain pltn Supply pltn Maint. pltn 16 men, 2 van maint, 2 recovery trucks Medical pltn 13 men, 3 ambulances. ANTITANK BATTALION About 244 men, 18 D44 85mm AT guns, HQ 8 men Signal pltn 18 (?) men

- HQ 2 men (1off), 1 utility truck;

- Command veh

truck van (ADK 11/WD 95);

crew squad 7 men, 1Command utility truck WD43, 1 command staff

- Radio squad 3 men; 1 utility truck

- Wire squad 6 men, 1 light truck.

FO section 6 men, 1 utility truck 3xAT guns battery of 54-60 (?) men, 6 D44 85 mm AT guns, 1 utility truck, 7 medium trucks. Supply pltn 30 men, 19 medium trucks (2 POL 4500 l, 1 water ) 2 trailers kitchen, 2 trailers POL, 1 trailer water, 2 cargo trailers, 1 electric generator trailer, water filters, 3 water tankers etc.(HQ, mess squad, 1x transport squad).

Maint. pltn 12 men, 3 van maint. Medical pltn 8 men (1 off. – doctor), 1 ambulance. AD BATTALION About 180-190 men HQ Signal pltn about 15 men, 1 Command truck “Daniela”, 1 WD43 utility command truck, 1 medium truck 3x AD battery 42 men, 4 ZU23-2/ZUR23-2S 2x23mm guns on trucks, 6 SA7/Grom Supply pltn 14 men, 9 medium trucks (1 POL 4500 l, 1 water 3000 l), 1 trailer power plant, 1 water filter, 2 trailers - kitchen (HQ, mess squad, transport squad). Maint. pltn 11 men, 3 van maint trucks. Medical pltn 8 men (1 off. – doctor), 1 ambulance Air Cavalry (Air Assault) Air Cavalry Division (established in the 1994) about 5000 men and 155 helicopters planned. In the end of the Division existence 11 there was about 2000 men, 32 Mi8/17 and 16 W3W Sokol helicopters HQ Squadron 2x (3 were planned) Air Cavalry Regiments about 1000 men HQ Air Instruction Section Combat Instruction Section Command Coy

HQ

Signal Pltn (HQ, command vans sqd, radiostation sqd, radio relay sqd, wire sqd)

Recon Pltn 30 men (5x six men sqd)

Special Forces Pltn (5x five men sqd) 5x Air Cavalry (Air Assault) squadron 78 men

HQ 6 men, 1 RPG7 ATW, 1 utility truck

11 Division was re-organised into Air Cav. Brig. with completely different TO&E

Transport Sqd 3 men 3? trucks

3x Air Assault Pltn 23 men each, 1 utility truck (HQ, 3x Inf Sqd 7 men , 1 SWD sniper rifle, 1 RPG7/Carl Gustav M3 ATW, 1 PM84P SMG, 1 RPD MG, 4 AKMS rifles, one with 40mm under barrel grenade launcher) Mixed Support Artillery Battery

- HQ 3 men:

- FO/ command squad 6 men

- Transport squad 5 men, 5 utility trucks

- mortar pltn (two were planned) 24 men, 6 82 mm mortars, 1 PK/PKM MG, 6 RPG7 ATW

- Antitank pltn (two were planned) of 13 men, 4 AT4 Spigot ATGW Engineers Coy Air Defense Battery 78 men 30 SA7/Grom MANPADS (HQ, 5x AD pltn) Air Engineers – Maintenance Service (3x Technical Squadron) Logistic Support Battalion about 900-1000 men HQ Signal Coy Security and Traffic Regulation Coy Maintenance Coy Supply Coy Medical Coy

Artillery MIXED ARTILLERY REGIMENT (DIVISIONAL) HQ HQ Company Artillery Recon battery (with meteo platoon) 2x 122 mm Artillery Bat. (SP- 18 2S1 or Towed – 18 Mod.38 howitzers)

1x 152 mm Art. Bat. (SP – 18 “Dana” Mod. 77 or Towed -18 D-1 howitzers or 18 ML-20 gun

– howitzers)

1x 122 mm MRL’s Bat. (18 BM-21) Supply Coy Maint. Coy Medical Coy ARTILLERY BRIGADE HQ HQ Company Artillery Recon Battalion (with meteo platoon)

2x 152 mm Art. Bat. (SP – 18 “Dana” Mod. 77 or Towed -18 D-1 howitzers or 18 ML-20 gun

– howitzers)

2x 122 mm MRL’s Bat. (18 BM-21 or RM70) Supply Coy Maint. Coy Medical Coy ANTITANK REGIMENT HQ HQ Company 2x Antitank artillery bat. with 18 D44 85 mm antitank guns each Antitank bat. with 18 BRDM2 with AT3 Malutka launchers or AT 4/5 Supply Coy

Maint. Coy

Medical Coy

Engineer units ENGINEER BRIGADE about 1904 men in the eighties HQ HQ Company Signal Company Engineer recon coy (about 70 men, 9-10 MTLB TRI ER APC’s) 3x Engineer Battalion (HQ, signal pltn, 2-3x combat engineer coy, pontoon coy, supply, maint., medical pltns) Road bridge battalion Mine warfare battalion Engineer machines battalion Mask coy Supply Coy Maint. Coy Medical Coy PONTOON REGIMENT about 800-900 men in the eighties HQ HQ Company (with Engineer recon pltn/sqd) 2x Pontoon battalion Road bridge battalion Engineer Machines Battalion Supply Coy Maint. Coy Medical Coy ROAD BRIDGE REGIMENT HQ HQ Company (with Engineer recon pltn/sqd) 2x Road bridge battalion Pontoon battalion Supply Coy Maint. Coy Medical Coy

Signal units SIGNAL BRIGADE HQ HQ Company 3x Signal bat. Radio relay and wire bat. Special signal coy Supply Coy Maint. Coy Medical Coy RADIO RELAY AND WIRE BRIGADE HQ HQ Company 3x Radio relay and wire bat.

Signal bat. Special signal coy Supply Coy Maint. Coy Medical Coy COMMAND REGIMENT about 1200 men HQ HQ Company Radio relay and wire bat. Signal bat. security and traffic regulation bat. Supply Coy Maint. Coy Medical Coy

Chemical defense units CHEMICAL DEFENSE REGIMENT HQ HQ coy NBC recon bat. (HQ, 3x NBC recon coy with 4 pltns and 20 BRDM2 RKh/RKhM/UAZ469RKh, supply, maint., medical pltns) Decontamination bat. Smoke bat. Supply Coy Maint. Coy Medical Coy CHEMICAL DEFENSE BATTALION HQ NBC recon bat coy with 4 pltns and 20 BRDM2 RKh/RKhM/UAZ469RKh. Decontamination coy Smoke coy Supply pltn Maint. pltn Medical pltn