Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 7
we «| BS 3505 : 1986 ob }$o BIL9 180 UG eo) (© Bitch Standard Inettation. No pat ofthis publication may be photocopied or otherwise reproduced without the prior permission in writing of BSI British Standard Specification for Unplasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC-U) pressure pipes for cold potable water ‘Tuyauteries sous pression pour eau potable froid en chlorure de polyvinyle dur (PVC-U) — Spécitications Druckrohre aus Hart-PVC fir kaltes Trinkwasser British Standards Institution BS 3505 : 1986 Foreword This revision of BS 3505 has been prepared under the Jirection of the Plastics Standards Committee and supersedes the 1968 edition, which is withdrawn, ‘The msin differonces between this revision and the 19¢ edition are as follows (a) The size range has been rationalized with the removal ‘of nominal sizes 2%, 7, 9 and 22. (Although the pipe dimensions are expressed in metric units, this standard continues to designate the nominal size of pipes in inch equivalent figures to avoid confusion with pipe sizes, having dimensions in accordance with metric series Values in ISO 161/1.) The class 8 classification has also bbeen removed, (b) Requirements for the effects of materials on water ‘quality have been modified, (c) The method for the determination of long-term hydrostatic strength has been modified, so that the ‘maximum period over which test results are to be obtained at 20 °C has been extended from not more than 1000 h to not less than 10 000 h, (0) A requirement for resistance to hydrostatic pressure at 60 °C has been added. {e} A requirement for fracture toughness has been added, together with an associated method of test (see appendices C and D). (f) The method for assessment of impact resistance has been modified to establish a maximum true impact rate (TIR) ata specified confidence level (a) Some restrictions have been placed on the colour of pipes, depending upon their size and intended installation and taking the following into eccount. ‘The National Joint Utilities Group has agreed that all buried thermoplastics utilities services up to 75 mm. in external diameter should be colour coded for identification purposes. Among the conclusions given in ‘the Group's Publication No. 4 The identification of small buried mains and services’ is that the colour selected for potable water pipes be blue. For this purpose, itis desirable to avoid the shade allocated for tse by compressed air lines in accordance with BS 1710. If grey, the colour should be dark enough to avoid those shades used for telecommunications ducting (h) The requirements of this standard have been made Verifiable, so that third party certification may be applied. Guidance provided on the periodie maintenance of equipment or on quality control testing is therefore Given in the form of notes and in an advisory appendix (see appendix €). The recommenced maximum working stress of the material ‘continues to be based on three values aceording to nominal ize, a5 follows: a maximum stress of 9.8 MPa has been used for calculating the minimum wall thickness of pipes of ‘sominal size up to %, one of 11.0 MPa for nominal sizes 1106 inclusive and one of 12.3 MPa for pipes of nominal size 8 and above. Attention is drawn to OP 312 : Part 2, which gives quidance ‘on the use of pipes manufactured in aceardanee with this standard, Attention is also drawn to BS 4346 : Part 2, which specifies joints and fittings for use with unplastized PVC pressure pipes. It has been assumed in the preparation of this British ‘Standard that the execution of its provisions is entrusted to ‘appropriately qualified and experienced personnel. Purchasers ordering to this standard ate advised to specify in their purchasing contract that the supplier operate a uslity system in compliance with BS 5750 : Part 2 to assure themselves that produets claimed to comply with BS 3505 consistently achieve the required level of quality. Certification. Attention is dravn to the certification facilities described on the inside back cover. Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations. In particular, attention is drawn to water industry requirements for ‘materials in contact with potable water. BS 3505 : 1986 Contents Pose Foreword Inside front cover Committees responsible Back cover Specification 41 Scope 2 2 Material 2 2 Pressure clastification of pipes 2 4 Dimensions and tolerances 2 5 Performance requirements . 6 Physical properties 4 7 Marking 5 Appendices ‘A Method for the analysis of results from the determination of the long-term hydrostatic strength of pipe at 20°C 6 88 Method for the determination of impact resistance at 20°C 7 © Method for the determination of fracture toughness 9 D Guidance on caleulation of fracture toushness 15 E Quality control testing 5 Tables 1 Pipe dimensions for 9 bar (cass C), 12 bar (class 0) and 15 bar (class E) pipes 3 2 Minimum circumferential wall stress values 4 3 Test piece immersion periods 4 4 Minimum 1h failure pressure 5 5 Foilure point distribution 6 6 Percentage points of Students ¢ distribution (upper 245 % points) 7 7 Mas of striker 7 8 Number of lines to be drawn along test specimens ° 9 Pipe wall thickness factor, Fe 13 10 Ring geometry factor, F, 4 11 Primary purposes of requirements and test methods 16 Figures 1 Suitable type of impact testing apparatus 8 2 Chart for riumber of strikes needed to obtain @ ‘rue impact rate (TIR) of 10% with 3.90 % confidence limit 10 3 Fracture toughness test piece 2 4 Typical arrangement of the test piece and equipment for testing for fracture toughness 14 BS 3505 : 1986 Specification 1 Scope ‘This @rtish Standard specifies requirements for unplasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC-U} pipes up to and including nominal size 24, for eonvaying cold potable water at [pressures up to and including 9, 12 or 15 bar* at 20°C, depending on the size Methods of test, associated guidance and information on ‘quality control testing are given in appendices. NOTE. The titles of the publications referred 10 in this standard are lated on the ins back cover 2 Material 2.1. Base material ‘The material from which the pipe is produced shall be polyvinyl chloride with additives as necessary for the ‘manufacture of pipe in accordance with this standard and to satisfy colour requirements, if applicable (see foreword and 6.1.2). 2.2 Reworked mat I reworked material is added or used, it shall be clean and in ‘accordance with 2.1; it shall be derived from pipe produced in accordance with this standard, reground under the supervision of the same manufacturer and used only in the production of pipe sizes up to and including nominal size 6. 3 Pressure classification of pipes Pipes are classified by maximum sustained working pressure, a8 follows: (3) 9 bar (class C); (b) 12 bar (class D); (c} 18 bar (class €), NOTE. The working prossures given above are the calculated ‘maximum sustained working pressures for the conveyance of cold Grater ats tempereture of 20 °C. For use at higher temporatures OF Under conditions of puliating pressures, ror 312: Pare. 4 Dimensions and tolerances 4.1 Nominal size The nominal size of the pipe shall be one of the sizes given Intable 1 4.2 Outside diameter ‘When determined in accordance with BS 2782 : Method 101A, the outside diameter of the pipe shall comply with ‘the limits specified in table 1 for the relevant nominal size of the pipe. 43 Wal thickness When determined in accordance with BS 2782 : Method 101A, the wall thickness of the pipe shall comply with the WAR Wa. limits specified in table 1 appropriate to the nominal size and class of pipe. The average wall thickness of the pipe shall be determined by taking the arithmetic mean of at least the following number of measurements of wal thickness around the pipe, including both the minimum and maximum values: (2) up to and including 6 mm wall thickness: four measurements; (b) greater than 6 mm wall thickne: ix measurements 44 Tolerance on length ‘The ends of pipes shall be cut cleanly and squarely. If the length of a pipe is specified, the effective length shall be not less than that specified, when determined at 232°C. NOTE. The preferred effective lengths of pipe are 6 m or 8m. For nlain-ended pipes, the effective length corresponds to the ‘vera lanath. For pines with an itogelly formed ring sel joint In tceordance with BS 4246 1 Part 2, tha oftetive length does not Inchide he length required for the joint. 5 Performance requirements 5.1 General The requirements given in 6.2 and 5.3 shall be met, subject t0 54, which shall apply whenever a change in process technique or introduction of a new or modified compound hhas occurred. ‘The relevant tests shall be applied to pipe taken from a production run from which the product has complied with all the other requirements of this standard, 5.2 Hydrostatic propertios NOTE. Attanton is dawn to advice sven in appendix E concerning samples of pipet of sifferant design stress eateyores, formulations, Dressureclasfieations and ze, 5.2.1 Long-term hydrostatic strength at 20°C. When test pieces in accordance with 6.2.2 are tested at 20+ 1 °C in ‘accordance with BS 4728, and the results are analysed in ‘accordance with appendix A, the extrapolated values for circumferential wall stress for the periods of time given in ‘able 2 shall comply with the limits specified in table 2 according to the applicable design stress category. 5.2.2 Test pieces. Up to nominal size 12, the test piece shall be a pipe of minimum free length between end fittings in millimetres of [three times the nominal size] or 250 mm, whichever is the greater. For nominal sizes above 12, that minimum free length shall be 1000 mm. The vest piece shall be closed with pressure-tight caps or plugs in ‘sccordance with any of the types shown in figure 1, 2 and 3 of BS 4728: 1971. 8.2.3 Long-term hydrostatic pressure resistance at 60°C. When tested at a temperature of 60 + 1.0 °C in accordance with BS 4728, samples of pipe shall withstand an internal pressure equivalent to a hoon stress of 10.0 MPa for 1000 h ‘without failure, The sammples of pipe shall comprise test peces in accordance with 6.2.2. 1986 BS 3605, ey mS. -[ - -[ -7 - vve | cas [sa | voi | ve00 co -| - -| -] - zoz | 9013 | ¥s05 | sans | svos oz -| - = | ove | wie za | ser | ses | cesr | cose aL ow | vee ose | siz | os zai | ser | evar | 600» | esor aL ge | soz ez | cor | co vot | ese | cese | over | ose giz | car voc | ga | zor ez | sce | cece | cece | vee z rat | cai sa | em | sz eo | wre | oue | vee | one OL en | oz re | eu | cor ge | coce | osiz | waiz | vac 8 ga | go va | co | oe se | veo | ro | ser | ogo a vor | 06 vor | vs | ee ee | vo | so ro ve | ec ce | 69 | 09 eo | zs | sv zs Set oo | cs so | cs | ov es | vy | se vy bee sy | oe sy | ce | ve ce | oe | ve ot. cos | 909 | zoe eo | ve ve | oe | sz or - lose | rar | vay ze | cz ze | ce | zz ee -| = =| sz jow Jove | vw ve | ze ee call ~y ais ~ Jere Jeee | cee | vee sz | ot sz Sue =] =] = -| ese jos | ose | ose ve | ct ve =| = = 2) = ~|onz Jew fore | zz os |x or -| - -}| -| - -Jea fou fea |oa w | cw | xew | mew | uw | xu | ew | cow | xu ann | serie fonen |yonjon ‘onjen | genyen swapiapur | bean renpinpuy | sereny renpinpir | atiesony (asp) ea 5b casei) 9 24 (ose) eg¢ | mew | uw | oxew | uw nwuinp apsino saeuep ons sie e001 Teepinipsy | eprnoueayy | jeuwon sada (3 GL Pu (Q s8e}9) 28q ZL “(9 s8eI9) 2¢q 6 10) suOHUOWIP odd “| oIaeL BS 3505 : 1986 MPa MPa MPa 98 | Upw%| 180 20.6 no | 16 | 200 23.0 123 | 81024 | 230 26.0 5.3 Effect of materials on water quality ‘When used under the conditions for which they are designed, non-metallic materials in contact with or likely to come into contact with potable water shall not Constitute a toxic hazard, shall not support microbial growth and shall not give rise to unpleasant taste or odo\ cloudiness or discoloration of the water. Concentrations of substances, chemicals and biological ‘agents leached from materials in contact with potable water, and measurements of the relevant organoleptic/ physical parameters shall not exceed the maximum values recommended by the World Health Organization in its publication ‘Guidelines for drinking water quality’ Vol. 1 ‘Recommendations’ (WHO, Geneva, 1984) or as required by the EEC Council Directive of 15 July 1980 relating to the quality of water intended for human consumption (Official Journal of the European Communities L229 pp 11-29), whichever in each case is the more stringent. NOTE 1. Requirements forthe testing of non-metallic materials in these respects are ret out in the UK Water Fittings Byelaws Schome lanformation and Guidance Note No. 501-02, ISSN 0257-0313 ‘obtainable rom the Water Research Centre, Water Byelaws ‘Advisory Service, 860 Ajax Avenue, Slough, Barkshire SL1 486. [NOTE 2. Pending the determination of suitable means of character- |aing the towiety of leachats from matornis in contact with ootable tater, materials approved By the Department ofthe Enviranment CCommittea on Ghemieels and Meterels of Construction for use in Publi Water Supply and Swimming Poole ara considered free from toxic hazard for the purporse of compliance with this subeloue, [A lst of approved chemicals and materials sailsbe fom the “Toohnieal Secretary of that Committee st tne Duparimant of the Environment, Wator Division, Romney House, &3 Marsnam Stret, London SWI? 3PY, ured for installation and use in the ‘rfid and sted under the UK Water Fisting Byslave Seheme acministersd by she Water Research Ccantreladaress at note I) are cess to satay the eaquiements tated inthis subctouse. 5.4 Extension to nominal size, formulation or process range For the extension of a manufacturer's range of sizes beyond that already tested in accordance with 5.1 to 6.3 or for 2 ‘change in either the material formulation or pipe manufac- turing process, the manufacturer can claim compliance for the modified range, provided that the additional pipes in ‘the range satisfy the following requirements, (2) All the requirements of this standard except §.2.1 shall be met. (b) At failure times up to 2500 h, the requirements (of 5.2.1 in respect of the minimum circumferential wall stress for 50 years shall be met. (c} Sufficient test pieces shall be under test, at appropriate stress levels, to enable a full regression analysis to be carried out in accordance with 8.2.1 (@) The requirements of 6.2.1 shall be met subsequently by the test pieces under test in accordance with (c). 6 Physical properties 6.1 Appearance 6.1.1. Superficial appearance, When viewed without ‘magnification, the internal and external surfaces of the pipe shall be free from defects and the internal surface shall appear to be clean. NOTE. The ends of the pipes may be plunged or covered to ‘maintain their condition ana exeluse contamination. 6.1.2 Colour. The following shall apply. (6) In the case of pipes of nominal size 2 or smaller intended for buried utilities for cold potable water, the colour of the pipe shall be blue within the range 18 E 51 and 18 E 53 of BS 4901. {(b) In the case of pipes of nominal size 2 or smaller, if grey, the colour shall be darker than colour 00 A 09 of BS 4800, 6.1.3 Opacity. When tested in accordance with BS 2782 : Method 1104A, the pipe shall not transmit more than 0.2 % of the luminous flux. 6.2 Longitudinal reversion When tested in accordance with BS 2782 : Method 11028, using a temperature of 150 °C and the appropriate immersion period specified in table 3, at no position around the pipe shall the length change by more than 5.0 %- Teble 3. Test piece immersion periods Pipe wall thickness | Minimum immersion period <86 15 | >86bur<141 | 30 | S141 60 | 6.3. Resistance to delamination The test piece shall be tested in accordance with BS 2782 Method 1102A, except that reference marks need not be scribed on the test piece, by immersing the test piece in the bath at a test temperature of 150°°C for the applicable poriod of time spacitied in table 3. Immediately afier ‘temoval of the test plece from the bath, use a razor-sharp blade to make four cuts, each of minimum length 150 mm, along the length of the test piece and through the full wall thickness at positions equidistant around its cireumference. After testing, the test piece shall show no delamination, cracks, cavities, inclusions or blisters when examined visually without magnification. 6.4 Short-term hydrostatic pressure resistance at 20°C When tested at @ temperature of 20 °C in accordance with BS 4728, the 1 b feilure pressure shall be not less than the value given in table 4, according to the class. Table 4. Minimum 1 h failure pressure Class of pipe Minimum 1 failure presure ber 9 bar (class C) 324 12 bar {class D) 43.2 15 bar (class ED 54.0 6.5 Impact resistance at 20°C When tested in accordance with appendix B, the pipe shall have a true impact rate (TI) below 10% at @ confidence level of 20 %, 6.6 Fracture toughness This requirement shall only apply to pipes of nominal size 3 or greater, which, when tested in accordance with BS 3605 : 1986 appendix C, shall withstand for not less than 18 min without breaking or cracking at the notch the test force ‘corresponding to a true fracture toughness, Kc (see appendix D), of not less than 3.25 MN-m*" 7 Marking 7.4. All pipes shall be indelibly marked in accordance with 7.2, at intervals not exceeding 1 m with the following information: (a) the manufacturer's identification, as a clear text or logo; (b} the number and date of t BS 3508: 1986"; {e) the letters ‘PVCU’ (q) the pressure classification, in bars, in accordance with clause 3, e.g. 12 bart (e) the nominal size in accordance with table 1; (9) a batch identifi ih Standard i 7.2. The marking shall be imprinted longitudinally in one of, the following colours, as applicable: (9) for 9 bar (class C) pipe: black# or dark blue; {b) for 12 bar (class D) pipe: green: (c} for 15 bar (class €) pipe: brown, “Morking BS 3505 1980 on or in relation 10a product sa claim by the manufacturer thatthe product hes been manufscturéd in “accordance mith the requirements of the standara. The accuracy of such a claim i therefore solely the manutecturers responsibilty Enquiries tothe availability of third party catification should be addressed to the appropriate certification body ‘Hedusion of class Cin the marking is optional This tion iat variance with BS 8556, but Included for earty purpose, ospacally for use on pipes Up to and including nominal size 2 Inblus for buried installations (see forevora and 6.1.2).